Abstract

In this work we present results of an new experiment related to low energy protons bombardments on nano-structured optical coatings. Multilayer structures protected by different capping layers have been fabricated and exposed to low energy protons (1keV). The experimental parameters have been selected considering the potential application of the coatings to solar mission instrumentation. Future solar missions will investigate the Sun from very close distances and optical components are constantly exposed to low energy ion particles irradiation. The experiment was repeated fixing the proton flux while varying the total dose accumulated. Results show that physical processes occurred at the uppermost interfaces can strongly damage the structure.

© 2011 OSA

Full Article  |  PDF Article

References

  • View by:
  • |
  • |
  • |

  1. G. Naletto, E. Antonucci, V. Andretta, E. Battistelli, S. Cesare, V. Da Deppo, F. d’Angelo, S. Fineschi, M. Focardi, P. Lamy, F. Landini, D. Moses, G. Nicolini, P. Nicolosi, M. Pancrazzi, M. G. Pelizzo, L. Poletto, M. Romoli, S. Solanki, D. Spadaro, L. Teriaca, M. Uslenghi, and L. Zangrilli, “METIS; the multielement telescope for imaging and spectroscopy for the solar orbiter mission” ICSO Proc. - International Conference on Space Optics, Rhodes (Greece) Oct. 4th-8th (2010).
  2. M. G. Pelizzo, D. Gardiol, P. Nicolosi, A. Patelli, and V. Rigato, “Design, deposition, and characterization of multilayer coatings for the ultraviolet and visible-light coronagraphic imager,” Appl. Opt. 43(13), 2661–2669 (2004).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  3. J. P. Halain, Y. Houbrechts, F. Auchère, P. Rochus, T. Appourchaux, D. Berghmans, U. Schühle, L. Harra, E. Renotte, and A. Zukhov, The SOLar Orbiter EUI instrument optical developments, ICSO Proc. - International Conference on Space Optics, Rhodes (Greece) Oct. 4th-8th (2010).
  4. ESA, “Solar Orbiter environmental specification”, Issue 2.0 (2008).
  5. A. D. Rousseau, D. L. Windt, B. Winter, L. Harra, H. Lamoureux, and F. Eriksson, “Stability of EUV multilayers to long-term heating, and to energetic protons and neutrons, for extreme solar missions,” Proc. SPIE 5900, 590004, 590004-9 (2005).
    [CrossRef]
  6. M. G. Pelizzo, M. Suman, G. Monaco, P. Nicolosi, and D. L. Windt, “High performance EUV multilayer structures insensitive to capping layer optical parameters,” Opt. Express 16(19), 15228–15237 (2008).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  7. M. G. Pelizzo, M. Suman, D. L. Windt, G. Monaco, and P. Nicolosi, “Innovative methods for optimization and characterization of multilayer coatings (Proceedings Paper)”, Proceedings Vol. 7360, EUV and X-Ray Optics: Synergy between Laboratory and Space, René Hudec; Ladislav Pina, Editors, 73600Q (2009).
  8. A. J. Corso, P. Zuppella, P. Nicolosi, D. L. Windt, E. Gullikson, and M. G. Pelizzo, “Capped multilayers with improved performances at 30.4 nm for future solar missions”, Accepted by Opt. Express (2011).
  9. H. Takenaka, S. Ichimaru, T. Ohchi, and E. M. Gullikson, “Soft-X-ray reflectivity and heat resistance of SiC/Mg multilayer,” J. Electron Spec. and Rel. Phen. 144-147, 1047–1049 (2005).
    [CrossRef]
  10. M. H. Hu, K. Le Guen, J. M. André, P. Jonnard, E. Meltchakov, F. Delmotte, and A. Galtayries, “Structural properties of Al/Mo/SiC multilayers with high reflectivity for extreme ultraviolet light,” Opt. Express 18(19), 20019–20028 (2010).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  11. P. Zuppella, G. Monaco, A. J. Corso, P. Nicolosi, D. L. Windt, V. Bello, G. Mattei, and M. G. Pelizzo, “Iridium/silicon multilayers for extreme ultraviolet applications in the 20-35 nm wavelength range,” Opt. Lett. 36(7), 1203–1205 (2011).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  12. J. Dalla Torre, J.-L. Bocquet, Y. Limoge, J.-P. Crocombette, E. Adam, G. Martin, T. Baron, P. Rivallin, and P. Mur, “Study of self-limiting oxidation of silicon nanoclusters by atomistic simulations,” J. Appl. Phys. 92(2), 1084 (2002).
    [CrossRef]

2011

2010

2008

2005

H. Takenaka, S. Ichimaru, T. Ohchi, and E. M. Gullikson, “Soft-X-ray reflectivity and heat resistance of SiC/Mg multilayer,” J. Electron Spec. and Rel. Phen. 144-147, 1047–1049 (2005).
[CrossRef]

A. D. Rousseau, D. L. Windt, B. Winter, L. Harra, H. Lamoureux, and F. Eriksson, “Stability of EUV multilayers to long-term heating, and to energetic protons and neutrons, for extreme solar missions,” Proc. SPIE 5900, 590004, 590004-9 (2005).
[CrossRef]

2004

2002

J. Dalla Torre, J.-L. Bocquet, Y. Limoge, J.-P. Crocombette, E. Adam, G. Martin, T. Baron, P. Rivallin, and P. Mur, “Study of self-limiting oxidation of silicon nanoclusters by atomistic simulations,” J. Appl. Phys. 92(2), 1084 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Adam, E.

J. Dalla Torre, J.-L. Bocquet, Y. Limoge, J.-P. Crocombette, E. Adam, G. Martin, T. Baron, P. Rivallin, and P. Mur, “Study of self-limiting oxidation of silicon nanoclusters by atomistic simulations,” J. Appl. Phys. 92(2), 1084 (2002).
[CrossRef]

André, J. M.

Baron, T.

J. Dalla Torre, J.-L. Bocquet, Y. Limoge, J.-P. Crocombette, E. Adam, G. Martin, T. Baron, P. Rivallin, and P. Mur, “Study of self-limiting oxidation of silicon nanoclusters by atomistic simulations,” J. Appl. Phys. 92(2), 1084 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Bello, V.

Bocquet, J.-L.

J. Dalla Torre, J.-L. Bocquet, Y. Limoge, J.-P. Crocombette, E. Adam, G. Martin, T. Baron, P. Rivallin, and P. Mur, “Study of self-limiting oxidation of silicon nanoclusters by atomistic simulations,” J. Appl. Phys. 92(2), 1084 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Corso, A. J.

Crocombette, J.-P.

J. Dalla Torre, J.-L. Bocquet, Y. Limoge, J.-P. Crocombette, E. Adam, G. Martin, T. Baron, P. Rivallin, and P. Mur, “Study of self-limiting oxidation of silicon nanoclusters by atomistic simulations,” J. Appl. Phys. 92(2), 1084 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Dalla Torre, J.

J. Dalla Torre, J.-L. Bocquet, Y. Limoge, J.-P. Crocombette, E. Adam, G. Martin, T. Baron, P. Rivallin, and P. Mur, “Study of self-limiting oxidation of silicon nanoclusters by atomistic simulations,” J. Appl. Phys. 92(2), 1084 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Delmotte, F.

Eriksson, F.

A. D. Rousseau, D. L. Windt, B. Winter, L. Harra, H. Lamoureux, and F. Eriksson, “Stability of EUV multilayers to long-term heating, and to energetic protons and neutrons, for extreme solar missions,” Proc. SPIE 5900, 590004, 590004-9 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Galtayries, A.

Gardiol, D.

Gullikson, E. M.

H. Takenaka, S. Ichimaru, T. Ohchi, and E. M. Gullikson, “Soft-X-ray reflectivity and heat resistance of SiC/Mg multilayer,” J. Electron Spec. and Rel. Phen. 144-147, 1047–1049 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Harra, L.

A. D. Rousseau, D. L. Windt, B. Winter, L. Harra, H. Lamoureux, and F. Eriksson, “Stability of EUV multilayers to long-term heating, and to energetic protons and neutrons, for extreme solar missions,” Proc. SPIE 5900, 590004, 590004-9 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Hu, M. H.

Ichimaru, S.

H. Takenaka, S. Ichimaru, T. Ohchi, and E. M. Gullikson, “Soft-X-ray reflectivity and heat resistance of SiC/Mg multilayer,” J. Electron Spec. and Rel. Phen. 144-147, 1047–1049 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Jonnard, P.

Lamoureux, H.

A. D. Rousseau, D. L. Windt, B. Winter, L. Harra, H. Lamoureux, and F. Eriksson, “Stability of EUV multilayers to long-term heating, and to energetic protons and neutrons, for extreme solar missions,” Proc. SPIE 5900, 590004, 590004-9 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Le Guen, K.

Limoge, Y.

J. Dalla Torre, J.-L. Bocquet, Y. Limoge, J.-P. Crocombette, E. Adam, G. Martin, T. Baron, P. Rivallin, and P. Mur, “Study of self-limiting oxidation of silicon nanoclusters by atomistic simulations,” J. Appl. Phys. 92(2), 1084 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Martin, G.

J. Dalla Torre, J.-L. Bocquet, Y. Limoge, J.-P. Crocombette, E. Adam, G. Martin, T. Baron, P. Rivallin, and P. Mur, “Study of self-limiting oxidation of silicon nanoclusters by atomistic simulations,” J. Appl. Phys. 92(2), 1084 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Mattei, G.

Meltchakov, E.

Monaco, G.

Mur, P.

J. Dalla Torre, J.-L. Bocquet, Y. Limoge, J.-P. Crocombette, E. Adam, G. Martin, T. Baron, P. Rivallin, and P. Mur, “Study of self-limiting oxidation of silicon nanoclusters by atomistic simulations,” J. Appl. Phys. 92(2), 1084 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Nicolosi, P.

Ohchi, T.

H. Takenaka, S. Ichimaru, T. Ohchi, and E. M. Gullikson, “Soft-X-ray reflectivity and heat resistance of SiC/Mg multilayer,” J. Electron Spec. and Rel. Phen. 144-147, 1047–1049 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Patelli, A.

Pelizzo, M. G.

Rigato, V.

Rivallin, P.

J. Dalla Torre, J.-L. Bocquet, Y. Limoge, J.-P. Crocombette, E. Adam, G. Martin, T. Baron, P. Rivallin, and P. Mur, “Study of self-limiting oxidation of silicon nanoclusters by atomistic simulations,” J. Appl. Phys. 92(2), 1084 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Rousseau, A. D.

A. D. Rousseau, D. L. Windt, B. Winter, L. Harra, H. Lamoureux, and F. Eriksson, “Stability of EUV multilayers to long-term heating, and to energetic protons and neutrons, for extreme solar missions,” Proc. SPIE 5900, 590004, 590004-9 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Suman, M.

Takenaka, H.

H. Takenaka, S. Ichimaru, T. Ohchi, and E. M. Gullikson, “Soft-X-ray reflectivity and heat resistance of SiC/Mg multilayer,” J. Electron Spec. and Rel. Phen. 144-147, 1047–1049 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Windt, D. L.

Winter, B.

A. D. Rousseau, D. L. Windt, B. Winter, L. Harra, H. Lamoureux, and F. Eriksson, “Stability of EUV multilayers to long-term heating, and to energetic protons and neutrons, for extreme solar missions,” Proc. SPIE 5900, 590004, 590004-9 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Zuppella, P.

Appl. Opt.

J. Appl. Phys.

J. Dalla Torre, J.-L. Bocquet, Y. Limoge, J.-P. Crocombette, E. Adam, G. Martin, T. Baron, P. Rivallin, and P. Mur, “Study of self-limiting oxidation of silicon nanoclusters by atomistic simulations,” J. Appl. Phys. 92(2), 1084 (2002).
[CrossRef]

J. Electron Spec. and Rel. Phen.

H. Takenaka, S. Ichimaru, T. Ohchi, and E. M. Gullikson, “Soft-X-ray reflectivity and heat resistance of SiC/Mg multilayer,” J. Electron Spec. and Rel. Phen. 144-147, 1047–1049 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Opt. Express

Opt. Lett.

Proc. SPIE

A. D. Rousseau, D. L. Windt, B. Winter, L. Harra, H. Lamoureux, and F. Eriksson, “Stability of EUV multilayers to long-term heating, and to energetic protons and neutrons, for extreme solar missions,” Proc. SPIE 5900, 590004, 590004-9 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Other

G. Naletto, E. Antonucci, V. Andretta, E. Battistelli, S. Cesare, V. Da Deppo, F. d’Angelo, S. Fineschi, M. Focardi, P. Lamy, F. Landini, D. Moses, G. Nicolini, P. Nicolosi, M. Pancrazzi, M. G. Pelizzo, L. Poletto, M. Romoli, S. Solanki, D. Spadaro, L. Teriaca, M. Uslenghi, and L. Zangrilli, “METIS; the multielement telescope for imaging and spectroscopy for the solar orbiter mission” ICSO Proc. - International Conference on Space Optics, Rhodes (Greece) Oct. 4th-8th (2010).

J. P. Halain, Y. Houbrechts, F. Auchère, P. Rochus, T. Appourchaux, D. Berghmans, U. Schühle, L. Harra, E. Renotte, and A. Zukhov, The SOLar Orbiter EUI instrument optical developments, ICSO Proc. - International Conference on Space Optics, Rhodes (Greece) Oct. 4th-8th (2010).

ESA, “Solar Orbiter environmental specification”, Issue 2.0 (2008).

M. G. Pelizzo, M. Suman, D. L. Windt, G. Monaco, and P. Nicolosi, “Innovative methods for optimization and characterization of multilayer coatings (Proceedings Paper)”, Proceedings Vol. 7360, EUV and X-Ray Optics: Synergy between Laboratory and Space, René Hudec; Ladislav Pina, Editors, 73600Q (2009).

A. J. Corso, P. Zuppella, P. Nicolosi, D. L. Windt, E. Gullikson, and M. G. Pelizzo, “Capped multilayers with improved performances at 30.4 nm for future solar missions”, Accepted by Opt. Express (2011).

Cited By

OSA participates in CrossRef's Cited-By Linking service. Citing articles from OSA journals and other participating publishers are listed here.

Alert me when this article is cited.


Figures (4)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1

The LEI facility at Forschungszentrum Dresden-Rossendorf and the samples accommodated in the support of LEI.

Fig. 2
Fig. 2

Reflectance measurements of the structures REF (a), CL1 (b), CL2 (c) and CL3 (d) before and after low energy protons implantation experiment.

Fig. 3
Fig. 3

XPS survey for the Ir/Mo overcoated structure before and after implantation.

Fig. 4
Fig. 4

Bright-Field cross-sectional TEM image of the Multilayer, prior (a) and after (b) proton bombardment.

Tables (6)

Tables Icon

Tab.1 Mo/Si multilayer parameter

Tables Icon

Tab.2 Capping layers structure parameters

Tables Icon

Tab.3 Solar Wind parameters

Tables Icon

Tab. 4 Scaling factor for SOLO mission

Tables Icon

Table 5 Ion implantation experiment details.

Tables Icon

Tab.6 Peak reflectance of the multilayer structure before and proton implantation experiment.

Metrics