Abstract

We present an in situ beam characterization technique to analyze femtosecond optical beams in a folded version of a 2f-2f setup. This technique makes use of a two-dimensional spatial light modulator (SLM) to holographically redirect radiation between different diffraction orders. This manipulation of light between diffraction orders is carried out locally within the beam. Because SLMs can withstand intensities of up to I∼1011 W/cm2, this makes them suitable for amplified femtosecond radiation. The flexibility of the SLM was demonstrated by producing a diverse assortment of “soft apertures” that are mechanically difficult or impossible to reproduce. We test our method by holographically knife-edging and tomographically reconstructing both continuous wave and broadband radiation in transverse optical modes.

© 2011 OSA

PDF Article

References

  • View by:
  • |
  • |
  • |

  1. M. Babiker, W. L. Power, and L. Allen, “Light-induced torque on moving atoms,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 73(9), 1239–1242 (1994).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  2. A. Picón, J. Mompart, J. R. Vázquez de Aldana, L. Plaja, G. F. Calvo, and L. Roso, “Photoionization with orbital angular momentum beams,” Opt. Express 18(4), 3660–3671 (2010).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  3. A. Alexandrescu, D. Cojoc, and E. Di Fabrizio, “Mechanism of angular momentum exchange between molecules and Laguerre-Gaussian beams,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 96(24), 243001 (2006).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  4. E. Serabyn, D. Mawet, and R. Burruss, “An image of an exoplanet separated by two diffraction beamwidths from a star,” Nature 464(7291), 1018–1020 (2010).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  5. J. H. Lee, G. Foo, E. G. Johnson, and G. A. Swartzlander., “Experimental verification of an optical vortex coronagraph,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 97(5), 053901 (2006).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  6. J. Y. Vinet, “Thermal noise in advanced gravitational wave interferometer antennas: A comparison between arbitrary order Hermite and Laguerre Gasussian modes,” Phys. Rev. D Part. Fields Gravit. Cosmol. 82(4), 042003 (2010).
    [CrossRef]
  7. L. T. Vuong, T. D. Grow, A. Ishaaya, A. L. Gaeta, G. W. ’t Hooft, E. R. Eliel, and G. Fibich, “Collapse of optical vortices,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 96(13), 133901 (2006).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  8. J. Ng, Z. Lin, and C. T. Chan, “Theory of optical trapping by an optical vortex beam,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 104(10), 103601 (2010).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  9. M. A. Bandres and J. C. Gutiérrez-Vega, “Ince-Gaussian beams,” Opt. Lett. 29(2), 144–146 (2004).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  10. J. Strohaber, C. Petersen, and C. J. G. J. Uiterwaal, “Efficient angular dispersion compensation in holographic generation of intense ultrashort paraxial beam modes,” Opt. Lett. 32(16), 2387–2389 (2007).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  11. J. Leach, M. R. Dennis, J. Courtial, and M. J. Padgett, “Laser beams: knotted threads of darkness,” Nature 432(7014), 165 (2004).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  12. K. Bezuhanov, A. Dreischuh, G. G. Paulus, M. G. Schätzel, and H. Walther, “Vortices in femtosecond laser fields,” Opt. Lett. 29(16), 1942–1944 (2004).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  13. I. G. Mariyenko, J. Strohaber, and C. J. G. J. Uiterwaal, “Creation of optical vortices in femtosecond pulses,” Opt. Express 13(19), 7599–7608 (2005).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  14. I. Zeylikovich, H. I. Sztul, V. Kartazaev, T. Le, and R. R. Alfano, “Ultrashort Laguerre-Gaussian pulses with angular and group velocity dispersion compensation,” Opt. Lett. 32(14), 2025–2027 (2007).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  15. J. Strohaber, T. D. Scarborough, and C. J. G. J. Uiterwaal, “Ultrashort intense-field optical vortices produced with laser-etched mirrors,” Appl. Opt. 46(36), 8583–8590 (2007).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  16. J. A. Davis, D. M. Cottrell, J. Campos, M. J. Yzuel, and I. Moreno, “Encoding amplitude information onto phase-only filters,” Appl. Opt. 38(23), 5004–5013 (1999).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  17. J. B. Bentley, J. A. Davis, M. A. Bandres, and J. C. Gutiérrez-Vega, “Generation of helical Ince-Gaussian beams with a liquid-crystal display,” Opt. Lett. 31(5), 649–651 (2006).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  18. J.W. Goodman, Introduction to Fourier Optics, 2nd Ed. (McGraw-Hill,New York, l996).
  19. J. F. James, A Student’s Guide tothe Fourier Transform (Cambridge U. Press, 1995).
  20. J. M. Khosrofian and B. A. Garetz, “Measurement of a Gaussian laser beam diameter through the direct inversion of knife-edge data,” Appl. Opt. 22(21), 3406–3410 (1983).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  21. O. Mendoza-Yero and M. Arronte, “Determination of Hermite Gaussian modes using moving knife-edge,” J. Phys: Conference Series 59, 497–500 (2007).
    [CrossRef]
  22. J. Soto, M. Rendón, and M. Martín, “Experimental demonstration of tomographic slit technique for measurement of arbitrary intensity profiles of light beams,” Appl. Opt. 36(29), 7450–7454 (1997).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  23. S. Quabis, R. Dorn, M. Eberler, O. Glöckl, and G. Leuchs, “The focus of light- theoretical calculation and experimental tomographic reconstruction,” Appl. Phys. B 72, 109–113 (2001).

2010 (4)

E. Serabyn, D. Mawet, and R. Burruss, “An image of an exoplanet separated by two diffraction beamwidths from a star,” Nature 464(7291), 1018–1020 (2010).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

J. Y. Vinet, “Thermal noise in advanced gravitational wave interferometer antennas: A comparison between arbitrary order Hermite and Laguerre Gasussian modes,” Phys. Rev. D Part. Fields Gravit. Cosmol. 82(4), 042003 (2010).
[CrossRef]

J. Ng, Z. Lin, and C. T. Chan, “Theory of optical trapping by an optical vortex beam,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 104(10), 103601 (2010).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

A. Picón, J. Mompart, J. R. Vázquez de Aldana, L. Plaja, G. F. Calvo, and L. Roso, “Photoionization with orbital angular momentum beams,” Opt. Express 18(4), 3660–3671 (2010).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

2007 (4)

2006 (4)

J. B. Bentley, J. A. Davis, M. A. Bandres, and J. C. Gutiérrez-Vega, “Generation of helical Ince-Gaussian beams with a liquid-crystal display,” Opt. Lett. 31(5), 649–651 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

A. Alexandrescu, D. Cojoc, and E. Di Fabrizio, “Mechanism of angular momentum exchange between molecules and Laguerre-Gaussian beams,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 96(24), 243001 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

L. T. Vuong, T. D. Grow, A. Ishaaya, A. L. Gaeta, G. W. ’t Hooft, E. R. Eliel, and G. Fibich, “Collapse of optical vortices,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 96(13), 133901 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

J. H. Lee, G. Foo, E. G. Johnson, and G. A. Swartzlander., “Experimental verification of an optical vortex coronagraph,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 97(5), 053901 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

2005 (1)

2004 (3)

2001 (1)

S. Quabis, R. Dorn, M. Eberler, O. Glöckl, and G. Leuchs, “The focus of light- theoretical calculation and experimental tomographic reconstruction,” Appl. Phys. B 72, 109–113 (2001).

1999 (1)

1997 (1)

1994 (1)

M. Babiker, W. L. Power, and L. Allen, “Light-induced torque on moving atoms,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 73(9), 1239–1242 (1994).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

1983 (1)

’t Hooft, G. W.

L. T. Vuong, T. D. Grow, A. Ishaaya, A. L. Gaeta, G. W. ’t Hooft, E. R. Eliel, and G. Fibich, “Collapse of optical vortices,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 96(13), 133901 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Alexandrescu, A.

A. Alexandrescu, D. Cojoc, and E. Di Fabrizio, “Mechanism of angular momentum exchange between molecules and Laguerre-Gaussian beams,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 96(24), 243001 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Alfano, R. R.

Allen, L.

M. Babiker, W. L. Power, and L. Allen, “Light-induced torque on moving atoms,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 73(9), 1239–1242 (1994).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Arronte, M.

O. Mendoza-Yero and M. Arronte, “Determination of Hermite Gaussian modes using moving knife-edge,” J. Phys: Conference Series 59, 497–500 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Babiker, M.

M. Babiker, W. L. Power, and L. Allen, “Light-induced torque on moving atoms,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 73(9), 1239–1242 (1994).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Bandres, M. A.

Bentley, J. B.

Bezuhanov, K.

Burruss, R.

E. Serabyn, D. Mawet, and R. Burruss, “An image of an exoplanet separated by two diffraction beamwidths from a star,” Nature 464(7291), 1018–1020 (2010).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Calvo, G. F.

Campos, J.

Chan, C. T.

J. Ng, Z. Lin, and C. T. Chan, “Theory of optical trapping by an optical vortex beam,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 104(10), 103601 (2010).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Cojoc, D.

A. Alexandrescu, D. Cojoc, and E. Di Fabrizio, “Mechanism of angular momentum exchange between molecules and Laguerre-Gaussian beams,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 96(24), 243001 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Cottrell, D. M.

Courtial, J.

J. Leach, M. R. Dennis, J. Courtial, and M. J. Padgett, “Laser beams: knotted threads of darkness,” Nature 432(7014), 165 (2004).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Davis, J. A.

Dennis, M. R.

J. Leach, M. R. Dennis, J. Courtial, and M. J. Padgett, “Laser beams: knotted threads of darkness,” Nature 432(7014), 165 (2004).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Di Fabrizio, E.

A. Alexandrescu, D. Cojoc, and E. Di Fabrizio, “Mechanism of angular momentum exchange between molecules and Laguerre-Gaussian beams,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 96(24), 243001 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Dorn, R.

S. Quabis, R. Dorn, M. Eberler, O. Glöckl, and G. Leuchs, “The focus of light- theoretical calculation and experimental tomographic reconstruction,” Appl. Phys. B 72, 109–113 (2001).

Dreischuh, A.

Eberler, M.

S. Quabis, R. Dorn, M. Eberler, O. Glöckl, and G. Leuchs, “The focus of light- theoretical calculation and experimental tomographic reconstruction,” Appl. Phys. B 72, 109–113 (2001).

Eliel, E. R.

L. T. Vuong, T. D. Grow, A. Ishaaya, A. L. Gaeta, G. W. ’t Hooft, E. R. Eliel, and G. Fibich, “Collapse of optical vortices,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 96(13), 133901 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Fibich, G.

L. T. Vuong, T. D. Grow, A. Ishaaya, A. L. Gaeta, G. W. ’t Hooft, E. R. Eliel, and G. Fibich, “Collapse of optical vortices,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 96(13), 133901 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Foo, G.

J. H. Lee, G. Foo, E. G. Johnson, and G. A. Swartzlander., “Experimental verification of an optical vortex coronagraph,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 97(5), 053901 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Gaeta, A. L.

L. T. Vuong, T. D. Grow, A. Ishaaya, A. L. Gaeta, G. W. ’t Hooft, E. R. Eliel, and G. Fibich, “Collapse of optical vortices,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 96(13), 133901 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Garetz, B. A.

Glöckl, O.

S. Quabis, R. Dorn, M. Eberler, O. Glöckl, and G. Leuchs, “The focus of light- theoretical calculation and experimental tomographic reconstruction,” Appl. Phys. B 72, 109–113 (2001).

Grow, T. D.

L. T. Vuong, T. D. Grow, A. Ishaaya, A. L. Gaeta, G. W. ’t Hooft, E. R. Eliel, and G. Fibich, “Collapse of optical vortices,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 96(13), 133901 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Gutiérrez-Vega, J. C.

Ishaaya, A.

L. T. Vuong, T. D. Grow, A. Ishaaya, A. L. Gaeta, G. W. ’t Hooft, E. R. Eliel, and G. Fibich, “Collapse of optical vortices,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 96(13), 133901 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Johnson, E. G.

J. H. Lee, G. Foo, E. G. Johnson, and G. A. Swartzlander., “Experimental verification of an optical vortex coronagraph,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 97(5), 053901 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Kartazaev, V.

Khosrofian, J. M.

Le, T.

Leach, J.

J. Leach, M. R. Dennis, J. Courtial, and M. J. Padgett, “Laser beams: knotted threads of darkness,” Nature 432(7014), 165 (2004).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Lee, J. H.

J. H. Lee, G. Foo, E. G. Johnson, and G. A. Swartzlander., “Experimental verification of an optical vortex coronagraph,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 97(5), 053901 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Leuchs, G.

S. Quabis, R. Dorn, M. Eberler, O. Glöckl, and G. Leuchs, “The focus of light- theoretical calculation and experimental tomographic reconstruction,” Appl. Phys. B 72, 109–113 (2001).

Lin, Z.

J. Ng, Z. Lin, and C. T. Chan, “Theory of optical trapping by an optical vortex beam,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 104(10), 103601 (2010).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Mariyenko, I. G.

Martín, M.

Mawet, D.

E. Serabyn, D. Mawet, and R. Burruss, “An image of an exoplanet separated by two diffraction beamwidths from a star,” Nature 464(7291), 1018–1020 (2010).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Mendoza-Yero, O.

O. Mendoza-Yero and M. Arronte, “Determination of Hermite Gaussian modes using moving knife-edge,” J. Phys: Conference Series 59, 497–500 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Mompart, J.

Moreno, I.

Ng, J.

J. Ng, Z. Lin, and C. T. Chan, “Theory of optical trapping by an optical vortex beam,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 104(10), 103601 (2010).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Padgett, M. J.

J. Leach, M. R. Dennis, J. Courtial, and M. J. Padgett, “Laser beams: knotted threads of darkness,” Nature 432(7014), 165 (2004).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Paulus, G. G.

Petersen, C.

Picón, A.

Plaja, L.

Power, W. L.

M. Babiker, W. L. Power, and L. Allen, “Light-induced torque on moving atoms,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 73(9), 1239–1242 (1994).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Quabis, S.

S. Quabis, R. Dorn, M. Eberler, O. Glöckl, and G. Leuchs, “The focus of light- theoretical calculation and experimental tomographic reconstruction,” Appl. Phys. B 72, 109–113 (2001).

Rendón, M.

Roso, L.

Scarborough, T. D.

Schätzel, M. G.

Serabyn, E.

E. Serabyn, D. Mawet, and R. Burruss, “An image of an exoplanet separated by two diffraction beamwidths from a star,” Nature 464(7291), 1018–1020 (2010).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Soto, J.

Strohaber, J.

Swartzlander, G. A.

J. H. Lee, G. Foo, E. G. Johnson, and G. A. Swartzlander., “Experimental verification of an optical vortex coronagraph,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 97(5), 053901 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Sztul, H. I.

Uiterwaal, C. J. G. J.

Vázquez de Aldana, J. R.

Vinet, J. Y.

J. Y. Vinet, “Thermal noise in advanced gravitational wave interferometer antennas: A comparison between arbitrary order Hermite and Laguerre Gasussian modes,” Phys. Rev. D Part. Fields Gravit. Cosmol. 82(4), 042003 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Vuong, L. T.

L. T. Vuong, T. D. Grow, A. Ishaaya, A. L. Gaeta, G. W. ’t Hooft, E. R. Eliel, and G. Fibich, “Collapse of optical vortices,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 96(13), 133901 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Walther, H.

Yzuel, M. J.

Zeylikovich, I.

Appl. Opt. (4)

Appl. Phys. B (1)

S. Quabis, R. Dorn, M. Eberler, O. Glöckl, and G. Leuchs, “The focus of light- theoretical calculation and experimental tomographic reconstruction,” Appl. Phys. B 72, 109–113 (2001).

J. Phys: Conference Series (1)

O. Mendoza-Yero and M. Arronte, “Determination of Hermite Gaussian modes using moving knife-edge,” J. Phys: Conference Series 59, 497–500 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Nature (2)

E. Serabyn, D. Mawet, and R. Burruss, “An image of an exoplanet separated by two diffraction beamwidths from a star,” Nature 464(7291), 1018–1020 (2010).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

J. Leach, M. R. Dennis, J. Courtial, and M. J. Padgett, “Laser beams: knotted threads of darkness,” Nature 432(7014), 165 (2004).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Opt. Express (2)

Opt. Lett. (5)

Phys. Rev. D Part. Fields Gravit. Cosmol. (1)

J. Y. Vinet, “Thermal noise in advanced gravitational wave interferometer antennas: A comparison between arbitrary order Hermite and Laguerre Gasussian modes,” Phys. Rev. D Part. Fields Gravit. Cosmol. 82(4), 042003 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Phys. Rev. Lett. (5)

L. T. Vuong, T. D. Grow, A. Ishaaya, A. L. Gaeta, G. W. ’t Hooft, E. R. Eliel, and G. Fibich, “Collapse of optical vortices,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 96(13), 133901 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

J. Ng, Z. Lin, and C. T. Chan, “Theory of optical trapping by an optical vortex beam,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 104(10), 103601 (2010).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

J. H. Lee, G. Foo, E. G. Johnson, and G. A. Swartzlander., “Experimental verification of an optical vortex coronagraph,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 97(5), 053901 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

M. Babiker, W. L. Power, and L. Allen, “Light-induced torque on moving atoms,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 73(9), 1239–1242 (1994).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

A. Alexandrescu, D. Cojoc, and E. Di Fabrizio, “Mechanism of angular momentum exchange between molecules and Laguerre-Gaussian beams,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 96(24), 243001 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Other (2)

J.W. Goodman, Introduction to Fourier Optics, 2nd Ed. (McGraw-Hill,New York, l996).

J. F. James, A Student’s Guide tothe Fourier Transform (Cambridge U. Press, 1995).

Cited By

OSA participates in CrossRef's Cited-By Linking service. Citing articles from OSA journals and other participating publishers are listed here.

Alert me when this article is cited.


Metrics