Abstract

A high-efficiency 1342 nm Nd:YVO4 laser in-band pumped at 914 nm is demonstrated for the first time. Using an all-solid-state Nd:YVO4 laser operating at 914 nm as pump source, 0.86 W output was obtained with 1.82 W absorbed pump power. Corresponding slope efficiency of 65.4% was the highest of Nd:YVO4 lasers operating at 1342 nm to the best of our knowledge. Effects of crystal’s doping concentration and temperature on laser power and conversion efficiency were also investigated.

© 2011 OSA

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    [CrossRef]
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    [CrossRef]
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2011

2009

2008

2007

2005

2004

A. Minassian and M. J. Damzen, “20 W bounce geometry diode-pumped Nd:YVO4 laser system at 1342 nm,” Opt. Commun. 230(1-3), 191–195 (2004).
[CrossRef]

2003

J. Liao, J. L. He, H. Liu, H. T. Wang, S. N. Zhu, Y. Y. Zhu, and N. B. Ming, “Simultaneous generation of red, green, and blue quasi-continuous-wave coherent radiation based on multiple quasi-phase-matched interactions from a single, aperiodically-poled LiTaO3,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 82(19), 3159–3161 (2003).
[CrossRef]

H. Ogilvy, M. J. Withford, P. Dekker, and J. A. Piper, “Efficient diode double-end-pumped Nd:YVO4 laser operating at 1342nm,” Opt. Express 11(19), 2411–2415 (2003).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

2002

A. Di Lieto, P. Minguzzi, A. Piratsu, S. Sanguinetti, and V. Magni, “A 7-W diode-pumped Nd:YVO4 cw laser at 1.34 μm,” Appl. Phys. B 75, 463–466 (2002).
[CrossRef]

A. Di Lieto, P. Minguzzi, A. Piratsu, S. Sanguinetti, and V. Magni, “High-power diffraction-limited diode-pumped Nd:YVO4 cw Laser at 1.34 μm,” Adv. Solid-State Lasers 68, 570–574 (2002).

2000

Y. F. Chen, C. C. Liao, Y. P. Lan, and S. C. Wang, “Determination of the Auger upconversion rate in fiber-coupled diode end-pumped Nd:YAG and Nd:YVO4 crystals,” Appl. Phys. B 70(4), 487–490 (2000).
[CrossRef]

1999

A. Sennaroglu, “Efficient continuous-wave operation of a diode-pumped Nd:YVO4 laser at 1342 nm,” Opt. Commun. 164(4-6), 191–197 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Y. F. Chen, L. J. Lee, T. M. Huang, and C. L. Wang, “Study of high-power diode-end-pumped Nd:YVO4 laser at 1.34 μm: influence of Auger upconversion,” Opt. Commun. 163(4-6), 198–202 (1999).
[CrossRef]

1998

L. Fornasiero, S. Kück, T. Jensen, G. Huber, and B. H. T. Chai, “Excited state absorption and stimulated emission of Nd3+ in crystals. part 2: YVO4, GdVO4, and Sr5(PO4)3F,” Appl. Phys. B 67(5), 549–553 (1998).
[CrossRef]

S. Guy, C. L. Bonner, D. P. Shepherd, D. C. Hanna, A. C. Tropper, and B. Ferrand, “High-inversion densities in Nd:YAG: upconversion and bleaching,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 34(5), 900–909 (1998).
[CrossRef]

1997

1990

M. E. Innocenzi, H. T. Yura, C. L. Fincher, and R. A. Fields, “Thermal modeling of continuous wave end pumped solid state lasers,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 56(19), 1831–1833 (1990).
[CrossRef]

Balembois, F.

Bass, M.

Bonner, C. L.

S. Guy, C. L. Bonner, D. P. Shepherd, D. C. Hanna, A. C. Tropper, and B. Ferrand, “High-inversion densities in Nd:YAG: upconversion and bleaching,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 34(5), 900–909 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Braun, B.

Cai, Z. Q.

Castaing, M.

Chai, B. H. T.

L. Fornasiero, S. Kück, T. Jensen, G. Huber, and B. H. T. Chai, “Excited state absorption and stimulated emission of Nd3+ in crystals. part 2: YVO4, GdVO4, and Sr5(PO4)3F,” Appl. Phys. B 67(5), 549–553 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Chen, Y. F.

Y. F. Chen, C. C. Liao, Y. P. Lan, and S. C. Wang, “Determination of the Auger upconversion rate in fiber-coupled diode end-pumped Nd:YAG and Nd:YVO4 crystals,” Appl. Phys. B 70(4), 487–490 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Y. F. Chen, L. J. Lee, T. M. Huang, and C. L. Wang, “Study of high-power diode-end-pumped Nd:YVO4 laser at 1.34 μm: influence of Auger upconversion,” Opt. Commun. 163(4-6), 198–202 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Chenghui, H.

Cornacchia, F.

Damzen, M. J.

A. Minassian and M. J. Damzen, “20 W bounce geometry diode-pumped Nd:YVO4 laser system at 1342 nm,” Opt. Commun. 230(1-3), 191–195 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Dekker, P.

Délen, X.

Di Lieto, A.

A. Di Lieto, P. Minguzzi, A. Piratsu, S. Sanguinetti, and V. Magni, “High-power diffraction-limited diode-pumped Nd:YVO4 cw Laser at 1.34 μm,” Adv. Solid-State Lasers 68, 570–574 (2002).

A. Di Lieto, P. Minguzzi, A. Piratsu, S. Sanguinetti, and V. Magni, “A 7-W diode-pumped Nd:YVO4 cw laser at 1.34 μm,” Appl. Phys. B 75, 463–466 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Ding, X.

Ferrand, B.

S. Guy, C. L. Bonner, D. P. Shepherd, D. C. Hanna, A. C. Tropper, and B. Ferrand, “High-inversion densities in Nd:YAG: upconversion and bleaching,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 34(5), 900–909 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Fields, R. A.

M. E. Innocenzi, H. T. Yura, C. L. Fincher, and R. A. Fields, “Thermal modeling of continuous wave end pumped solid state lasers,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 56(19), 1831–1833 (1990).
[CrossRef]

Fincher, C. L.

M. E. Innocenzi, H. T. Yura, C. L. Fincher, and R. A. Fields, “Thermal modeling of continuous wave end pumped solid state lasers,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 56(19), 1831–1833 (1990).
[CrossRef]

Fluck, R.

Fornasiero, L.

L. Fornasiero, S. Kück, T. Jensen, G. Huber, and B. H. T. Chai, “Excited state absorption and stimulated emission of Nd3+ in crystals. part 2: YVO4, GdVO4, and Sr5(PO4)3F,” Appl. Phys. B 67(5), 549–553 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Furukawa, Y.

J. Saikawa, Y. Sato, T. Taira, O. Nakamura, and Y. Furukawa, “879-nm direct-pumped Nd:GdVO4 lasers: 1.3-μm laser emission and heat generation characteristics,” Adv. Solid-State Photon. 98, 183–187 (2005).

Ge, Z.

Georges, P.

Gini, E.

Guy, S.

S. Guy, C. L. Bonner, D. P. Shepherd, D. C. Hanna, A. C. Tropper, and B. Ferrand, “High-inversion densities in Nd:YAG: upconversion and bleaching,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 34(5), 900–909 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Haiyong, Z.

Hanna, D. C.

S. Guy, C. L. Bonner, D. P. Shepherd, D. C. Hanna, A. C. Tropper, and B. Ferrand, “High-inversion densities in Nd:YAG: upconversion and bleaching,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 34(5), 900–909 (1998).
[CrossRef]

He, J. L.

J. Liao, J. L. He, H. Liu, H. T. Wang, S. N. Zhu, Y. Y. Zhu, and N. B. Ming, “Simultaneous generation of red, green, and blue quasi-continuous-wave coherent radiation based on multiple quasi-phase-matched interactions from a single, aperiodically-poled LiTaO3,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 82(19), 3159–3161 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Huang, T. M.

Y. F. Chen, L. J. Lee, T. M. Huang, and C. L. Wang, “Study of high-power diode-end-pumped Nd:YVO4 laser at 1.34 μm: influence of Auger upconversion,” Opt. Commun. 163(4-6), 198–202 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Huber, G.

L. Fornasiero, S. Kück, T. Jensen, G. Huber, and B. H. T. Chai, “Excited state absorption and stimulated emission of Nd3+ in crystals. part 2: YVO4, GdVO4, and Sr5(PO4)3F,” Appl. Phys. B 67(5), 549–553 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Innocenzi, M. E.

M. E. Innocenzi, H. T. Yura, C. L. Fincher, and R. A. Fields, “Thermal modeling of continuous wave end pumped solid state lasers,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 56(19), 1831–1833 (1990).
[CrossRef]

Jensen, T.

L. Fornasiero, S. Kück, T. Jensen, G. Huber, and B. H. T. Chai, “Excited state absorption and stimulated emission of Nd3+ in crystals. part 2: YVO4, GdVO4, and Sr5(PO4)3F,” Appl. Phys. B 67(5), 549–553 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Jenssen, H. P.

Jing, C.

Keller, U.

Kück, S.

L. Fornasiero, S. Kück, T. Jensen, G. Huber, and B. H. T. Chai, “Excited state absorption and stimulated emission of Nd3+ in crystals. part 2: YVO4, GdVO4, and Sr5(PO4)3F,” Appl. Phys. B 67(5), 549–553 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Lan, Y. P.

Y. F. Chen, C. C. Liao, Y. P. Lan, and S. C. Wang, “Determination of the Auger upconversion rate in fiber-coupled diode end-pumped Nd:YAG and Nd:YVO4 crystals,” Appl. Phys. B 70(4), 487–490 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Lee, L. J.

Y. F. Chen, L. J. Lee, T. M. Huang, and C. L. Wang, “Study of high-power diode-end-pumped Nd:YVO4 laser at 1.34 μm: influence of Auger upconversion,” Opt. Commun. 163(4-6), 198–202 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Liao, C. C.

Y. F. Chen, C. C. Liao, Y. P. Lan, and S. C. Wang, “Determination of the Auger upconversion rate in fiber-coupled diode end-pumped Nd:YAG and Nd:YVO4 crystals,” Appl. Phys. B 70(4), 487–490 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Liao, J.

J. Liao, J. L. He, H. Liu, H. T. Wang, S. N. Zhu, Y. Y. Zhu, and N. B. Ming, “Simultaneous generation of red, green, and blue quasi-continuous-wave coherent radiation based on multiple quasi-phase-matched interactions from a single, aperiodically-poled LiTaO3,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 82(19), 3159–3161 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Lingxiong, H.

Liu, H.

J. Liao, J. L. He, H. Liu, H. T. Wang, S. N. Zhu, Y. Y. Zhu, and N. B. Ming, “Simultaneous generation of red, green, and blue quasi-continuous-wave coherent radiation based on multiple quasi-phase-matched interactions from a single, aperiodically-poled LiTaO3,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 82(19), 3159–3161 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Lupei, V.

Magni, V.

A. Di Lieto, P. Minguzzi, A. Piratsu, S. Sanguinetti, and V. Magni, “A 7-W diode-pumped Nd:YVO4 cw laser at 1.34 μm,” Appl. Phys. B 75, 463–466 (2002).
[CrossRef]

A. Di Lieto, P. Minguzzi, A. Piratsu, S. Sanguinetti, and V. Magni, “High-power diffraction-limited diode-pumped Nd:YVO4 cw Laser at 1.34 μm,” Adv. Solid-State Lasers 68, 570–574 (2002).

Melchior, H.

Minassian, A.

A. Minassian and M. J. Damzen, “20 W bounce geometry diode-pumped Nd:YVO4 laser system at 1342 nm,” Opt. Commun. 230(1-3), 191–195 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Ming, N. B.

J. Liao, J. L. He, H. Liu, H. T. Wang, S. N. Zhu, Y. Y. Zhu, and N. B. Ming, “Simultaneous generation of red, green, and blue quasi-continuous-wave coherent radiation based on multiple quasi-phase-matched interactions from a single, aperiodically-poled LiTaO3,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 82(19), 3159–3161 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Minguzzi, P.

A. Di Lieto, P. Minguzzi, A. Piratsu, S. Sanguinetti, and V. Magni, “A 7-W diode-pumped Nd:YVO4 cw laser at 1.34 μm,” Appl. Phys. B 75, 463–466 (2002).
[CrossRef]

A. Di Lieto, P. Minguzzi, A. Piratsu, S. Sanguinetti, and V. Magni, “High-power diffraction-limited diode-pumped Nd:YVO4 cw Laser at 1.34 μm,” Adv. Solid-State Lasers 68, 570–574 (2002).

Musset, O.

Nakamura, O.

J. Saikawa, Y. Sato, T. Taira, O. Nakamura, and Y. Furukawa, “879-nm direct-pumped Nd:GdVO4 lasers: 1.3-μm laser emission and heat generation characteristics,” Adv. Solid-State Photon. 98, 183–187 (2005).

Ogilvy, H.

Pavel, N.

Piper, J. A.

Piratsu, A.

A. Di Lieto, P. Minguzzi, A. Piratsu, S. Sanguinetti, and V. Magni, “High-power diffraction-limited diode-pumped Nd:YVO4 cw Laser at 1.34 μm,” Adv. Solid-State Lasers 68, 570–574 (2002).

A. Di Lieto, P. Minguzzi, A. Piratsu, S. Sanguinetti, and V. Magni, “A 7-W diode-pumped Nd:YVO4 cw laser at 1.34 μm,” Appl. Phys. B 75, 463–466 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Saikawa, J.

J. Saikawa, Y. Sato, T. Taira, O. Nakamura, and Y. Furukawa, “879-nm direct-pumped Nd:GdVO4 lasers: 1.3-μm laser emission and heat generation characteristics,” Adv. Solid-State Photon. 98, 183–187 (2005).

Sangla, D.

Sanguinetti, S.

A. Di Lieto, P. Minguzzi, A. Piratsu, S. Sanguinetti, and V. Magni, “A 7-W diode-pumped Nd:YVO4 cw laser at 1.34 μm,” Appl. Phys. B 75, 463–466 (2002).
[CrossRef]

A. Di Lieto, P. Minguzzi, A. Piratsu, S. Sanguinetti, and V. Magni, “High-power diffraction-limited diode-pumped Nd:YVO4 cw Laser at 1.34 μm,” Adv. Solid-State Lasers 68, 570–574 (2002).

Sato, Y.

J. Saikawa, Y. Sato, T. Taira, O. Nakamura, and Y. Furukawa, “879-nm direct-pumped Nd:GdVO4 lasers: 1.3-μm laser emission and heat generation characteristics,” Adv. Solid-State Photon. 98, 183–187 (2005).

Sennaroglu, A.

A. Sennaroglu, “Efficient continuous-wave operation of a diode-pumped Nd:YVO4 laser at 1342 nm,” Opt. Commun. 164(4-6), 191–197 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Shepherd, D. P.

S. Guy, C. L. Bonner, D. P. Shepherd, D. C. Hanna, A. C. Tropper, and B. Ferrand, “High-inversion densities in Nd:YAG: upconversion and bleaching,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 34(5), 900–909 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Taira, T.

J. Saikawa, Y. Sato, T. Taira, O. Nakamura, and Y. Furukawa, “879-nm direct-pumped Nd:GdVO4 lasers: 1.3-μm laser emission and heat generation characteristics,” Adv. Solid-State Photon. 98, 183–187 (2005).

N. Pavel, V. Lupei, and T. Taira, “1.34-mum efficient laser emission in highly-doped Nd:YAG under 885-nm diode pumping,” Opt. Express 13(20), 7948–7953 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Tonelli, M.

Tropper, A. C.

S. Guy, C. L. Bonner, D. P. Shepherd, D. C. Hanna, A. C. Tropper, and B. Ferrand, “High-inversion densities in Nd:YAG: upconversion and bleaching,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 34(5), 900–909 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Turri, G.

Wang, C. L.

Y. F. Chen, L. J. Lee, T. M. Huang, and C. L. Wang, “Study of high-power diode-end-pumped Nd:YVO4 laser at 1.34 μm: influence of Auger upconversion,” Opt. Commun. 163(4-6), 198–202 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Wang, H. T.

J. Liao, J. L. He, H. Liu, H. T. Wang, S. N. Zhu, Y. Y. Zhu, and N. B. Ming, “Simultaneous generation of red, green, and blue quasi-continuous-wave coherent radiation based on multiple quasi-phase-matched interactions from a single, aperiodically-poled LiTaO3,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 82(19), 3159–3161 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Wang, P.

Wang, R.

Wang, S. C.

Y. F. Chen, C. C. Liao, Y. P. Lan, and S. C. Wang, “Determination of the Auger upconversion rate in fiber-coupled diode end-pumped Nd:YAG and Nd:YVO4 crystals,” Appl. Phys. B 70(4), 487–490 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Weidong, C.

Wen, W. Q.

Withford, M. J.

Yao, J. Q.

Yong, W.

Yu, X. Y.

Yura, H. T.

M. E. Innocenzi, H. T. Yura, C. L. Fincher, and R. A. Fields, “Thermal modeling of continuous wave end pumped solid state lasers,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 56(19), 1831–1833 (1990).
[CrossRef]

Zhang, H.

Zhenqiang, C.

Zhou, R.

Zhu, S. N.

J. Liao, J. L. He, H. Liu, H. T. Wang, S. N. Zhu, Y. Y. Zhu, and N. B. Ming, “Simultaneous generation of red, green, and blue quasi-continuous-wave coherent radiation based on multiple quasi-phase-matched interactions from a single, aperiodically-poled LiTaO3,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 82(19), 3159–3161 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Zhu, Y. Y.

J. Liao, J. L. He, H. Liu, H. T. Wang, S. N. Zhu, Y. Y. Zhu, and N. B. Ming, “Simultaneous generation of red, green, and blue quasi-continuous-wave coherent radiation based on multiple quasi-phase-matched interactions from a single, aperiodically-poled LiTaO3,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 82(19), 3159–3161 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Adv. Solid-State Lasers

A. Di Lieto, P. Minguzzi, A. Piratsu, S. Sanguinetti, and V. Magni, “High-power diffraction-limited diode-pumped Nd:YVO4 cw Laser at 1.34 μm,” Adv. Solid-State Lasers 68, 570–574 (2002).

Adv. Solid-State Photon.

J. Saikawa, Y. Sato, T. Taira, O. Nakamura, and Y. Furukawa, “879-nm direct-pumped Nd:GdVO4 lasers: 1.3-μm laser emission and heat generation characteristics,” Adv. Solid-State Photon. 98, 183–187 (2005).

Appl. Opt.

Appl. Phys. B

A. Di Lieto, P. Minguzzi, A. Piratsu, S. Sanguinetti, and V. Magni, “A 7-W diode-pumped Nd:YVO4 cw laser at 1.34 μm,” Appl. Phys. B 75, 463–466 (2002).
[CrossRef]

L. Fornasiero, S. Kück, T. Jensen, G. Huber, and B. H. T. Chai, “Excited state absorption and stimulated emission of Nd3+ in crystals. part 2: YVO4, GdVO4, and Sr5(PO4)3F,” Appl. Phys. B 67(5), 549–553 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Y. F. Chen, C. C. Liao, Y. P. Lan, and S. C. Wang, “Determination of the Auger upconversion rate in fiber-coupled diode end-pumped Nd:YAG and Nd:YVO4 crystals,” Appl. Phys. B 70(4), 487–490 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Appl. Phys. Lett.

M. E. Innocenzi, H. T. Yura, C. L. Fincher, and R. A. Fields, “Thermal modeling of continuous wave end pumped solid state lasers,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 56(19), 1831–1833 (1990).
[CrossRef]

J. Liao, J. L. He, H. Liu, H. T. Wang, S. N. Zhu, Y. Y. Zhu, and N. B. Ming, “Simultaneous generation of red, green, and blue quasi-continuous-wave coherent radiation based on multiple quasi-phase-matched interactions from a single, aperiodically-poled LiTaO3,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 82(19), 3159–3161 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Chin. Opt. Lett.

IEEE J. Quantum Electron.

S. Guy, C. L. Bonner, D. P. Shepherd, D. C. Hanna, A. C. Tropper, and B. Ferrand, “High-inversion densities in Nd:YAG: upconversion and bleaching,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 34(5), 900–909 (1998).
[CrossRef]

J. Opt. Soc. Am. B

Opt. Commun.

A. Sennaroglu, “Efficient continuous-wave operation of a diode-pumped Nd:YVO4 laser at 1342 nm,” Opt. Commun. 164(4-6), 191–197 (1999).
[CrossRef]

A. Minassian and M. J. Damzen, “20 W bounce geometry diode-pumped Nd:YVO4 laser system at 1342 nm,” Opt. Commun. 230(1-3), 191–195 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Y. F. Chen, L. J. Lee, T. M. Huang, and C. L. Wang, “Study of high-power diode-end-pumped Nd:YVO4 laser at 1.34 μm: influence of Auger upconversion,” Opt. Commun. 163(4-6), 198–202 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Opt. Express

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Figures (5)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1

Schematic of the experimental setup.

Fig. 2
Fig. 2

Output power versus absorbed (a, left) and incident (b, right) pump power with the 3 × 3 × 8 mm3, 1.0-at.% doped Nd:YVO4 crystal at the temperature of 20°C and 50°C.

Fig. 3
Fig. 3

Output power versus absorbed (a, left) and incident (b, right) pump power with the 3 × 3 × 4 mm3, 3.0-at.% doped Nd:YVO4 crystal at the temperature of 20°C and 50°C.

Fig. 4
Fig. 4

Output power with the two crystals versus temperature under the fixed incident pump power of 5.9 W.

Fig. 5
Fig. 5

Beam profile of the 1342 nm output.

Equations (1)

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f t = π K c ω p 2 P p h ( d n / d T ) ( 1 1 exp ( α l ) )

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