Abstract

We present a new cost-effective terahertz linear polarizer made from a stack of silicon wafers at Brewster’s angle, andevaluate its performances. We show that this polarizer is wide-band, has a high extinction ratio (> 6 × 103) and very small insertion losses (< 1%). We provide measurements of the temporal waveforms after linearly polarizing the THz beam and show that there is no distortion of the pulse. We compare its performances with a commercial wire-grid polarizer, and show that the Brewster’s angle polarizer can conveniently be used to control the power of a terahertz beam.

© 2011 OSA

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  1. D. Grischkowsky, S. R. Keiding, M. van Exter, and C. Fattinger, “Far-infrared time-domain spectroscopy with terahertz beams of dielectrics and semiconductors,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 7, 2006–2015 (1990).
    [CrossRef]
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    [CrossRef]
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  4. C.-F. Hsieh, Y.-C. Lai, R.-P. Pan, and C.-L. Pan, “Polarizing terahertz waves with nematic liquid crystals,” Opt. Lett. 33(11), 1174–1176 (2008).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  5. I. Yamada, K. Takano, M. Hangyo, M. Saito, and W. Watanabe, “Terahertz wire-grid polarizers with micrometer-pitch Al gratings,” Opt. Lett. 34(3), 274–276 (2009).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  6. H. Dong, Y. Gong, V. Paulose, and M. Hong, “Polarization state and Mueller matrix measurements in terahertz-time domain spectroscopy,” Opt. Commun. 282, 3671–3675 (2009).
    [CrossRef]
  7. J.-B. Masson and G. Gallot, “Terahertz achromatic quarter-wave plate,” Opt. Lett. 31(2), 265–267 (2006).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  8. A. E. Costley, K. H. Hursey, G. F. Neill, and J. M. Ward, “Free-standing fine-wire grids; their manufacture, performance, and use at millimeter and submillimeter wavelengths,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. 67(7), 979–981 (1977).
    [CrossRef]
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    [CrossRef]
  10. L. Sun, Z.-H. Lv, W. Wu, W.-T. Liu, and J.-M. Yuan, “Double-grating polarizer for terahertz radiation with high extinction ratio,” Appl. Opt. 49, 2066-2071 (2010).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
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    [CrossRef]
  12. I. Yamada, K. Takano, M. Hangyo, M. Saito, and W. Watanabe, “Terahertz wire-grid polarizer with micrometer-pitch Al gratings,” Opt. Lett. 34, 274–276 (2009).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  13. L. Ren, C. Pint, L. Booshehri, W. Rice, X. Wang, D. Hilton, K. Takeya, I. Kawayama, M. Tonouchi, R. Hauge, and J. Kono, “Carbon nanotube terahertz polarizer,” Nano Lett. 9, 2610–2613 (2009).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
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    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
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    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  16. R. mendis and D. Mittleman, “A 2-D artificial dielectric with 0 ≤ n < 1 for the terahertz region,” IEEE Trans. Microwave Theory Tech. 58(7), 1993–1998 (2010).
    [CrossRef]
  17. A. V. Spivey and S. Cundiff, “Brewster’s angle attenuator for terahertz pulses,” Appl. Opt. 41, 2408–2412 (2002).
    [CrossRef]
  18. G. L. Carr, M. C. Martin, W. R. McKinney, K. Jordan, G. R. Neil, and G. P. Williams, “High-power terahertz radiation from relativistic electrons,” Nature 420, 153–156 (2002).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
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  20. D. Brewster, A Treatise on Optics (MacMillan and Co., 1831).
  21. E. Hecht, Optics , 2nd ed. (Addison-Wesley, 1990).

2010 (3)

2009 (4)

I. Yamada, K. Takano, M. Hangyo, M. Saito, and W. Watanabe, “Terahertz wire-grid polarizers with micrometer-pitch Al gratings,” Opt. Lett. 34(3), 274–276 (2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

I. Yamada, K. Takano, M. Hangyo, M. Saito, and W. Watanabe, “Terahertz wire-grid polarizer with micrometer-pitch Al gratings,” Opt. Lett. 34, 274–276 (2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

H. Dong, Y. Gong, V. Paulose, and M. Hong, “Polarization state and Mueller matrix measurements in terahertz-time domain spectroscopy,” Opt. Commun. 282, 3671–3675 (2009).
[CrossRef]

L. Ren, C. Pint, L. Booshehri, W. Rice, X. Wang, D. Hilton, K. Takeya, I. Kawayama, M. Tonouchi, R. Hauge, and J. Kono, “Carbon nanotube terahertz polarizer,” Nano Lett. 9, 2610–2613 (2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

2008 (2)

S. K. Awasthi, A. Srivastava, U. Malaviya, and S. P. Ojha, “Wide-angle, broadband plate polarizer in Terahertz frequency region,” Solid State Commun. 148, 506–509 (2008).
[CrossRef]

C.-F. Hsieh, Y.-C. Lai, R.-P. Pan, and C.-L. Pan, “Polarizing terahertz waves with nematic liquid crystals,” Opt. Lett. 33(11), 1174–1176 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

2006 (2)

J.-B. Masson and G. Gallot, “Terahertz achromatic quarter-wave plate,” Opt. Lett. 31(2), 265–267 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

J.-B. Masson, M.-P. Sauviat, J.-L. Martin, and G. Gallot, “Ionic contrast terahertz near field imaging of axonal water fluxes,” Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. U.S.A. 103(13), 4808–4812 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

2003 (2)

T. Kondo, T. Nagashima, and M. Hangyo, “Fabrication of wire-grid-type polarizers for THz region using a general-purpose color printer,” Jpn. J. Appl. Phys. 42, L373–L375 (2003).
[CrossRef]

D. Mittleman, Sensing with Terahertz Radiation (Springer, 2003).

2002 (2)

G. L. Carr, M. C. Martin, W. R. McKinney, K. Jordan, G. R. Neil, and G. P. Williams, “High-power terahertz radiation from relativistic electrons,” Nature 420, 153–156 (2002).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

A. V. Spivey and S. Cundiff, “Brewster’s angle attenuator for terahertz pulses,” Appl. Opt. 41, 2408–2412 (2002).
[CrossRef]

1999 (1)

M. Born and E. Wolf, Principle of Optics , 7th Ed. (Cambridge University Press, 1999).

1996 (1)

Q. Wu and X. C. Zhang, “Ultrafast electro-optic field sensors,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 68(12), 1604–1606 (1996).
[CrossRef]

1990 (2)

1977 (1)

1831 (1)

D. Brewster, A Treatise on Optics (MacMillan and Co., 1831).

Awasthi, S. K.

S. K. Awasthi, A. Srivastava, U. Malaviya, and S. P. Ojha, “Wide-angle, broadband plate polarizer in Terahertz frequency region,” Solid State Commun. 148, 506–509 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Booshehri, L.

L. Ren, C. Pint, L. Booshehri, W. Rice, X. Wang, D. Hilton, K. Takeya, I. Kawayama, M. Tonouchi, R. Hauge, and J. Kono, “Carbon nanotube terahertz polarizer,” Nano Lett. 9, 2610–2613 (2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Born, M.

M. Born and E. Wolf, Principle of Optics , 7th Ed. (Cambridge University Press, 1999).

Brewster, D.

D. Brewster, A Treatise on Optics (MacMillan and Co., 1831).

Carr, G. L.

G. L. Carr, M. C. Martin, W. R. McKinney, K. Jordan, G. R. Neil, and G. P. Williams, “High-power terahertz radiation from relativistic electrons,” Nature 420, 153–156 (2002).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Costley, A. E.

Cundiff, S.

Dong, H.

H. Dong, Y. Gong, V. Paulose, and M. Hong, “Polarization state and Mueller matrix measurements in terahertz-time domain spectroscopy,” Opt. Commun. 282, 3671–3675 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Fattinger, C.

Gallot, G.

J.-B. Masson and G. Gallot, “Terahertz achromatic quarter-wave plate,” Opt. Lett. 31(2), 265–267 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

J.-B. Masson, M.-P. Sauviat, J.-L. Martin, and G. Gallot, “Ionic contrast terahertz near field imaging of axonal water fluxes,” Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. U.S.A. 103(13), 4808–4812 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Gong, Y.

H. Dong, Y. Gong, V. Paulose, and M. Hong, “Polarization state and Mueller matrix measurements in terahertz-time domain spectroscopy,” Opt. Commun. 282, 3671–3675 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Grischkowsky, D.

Hangyo, M.

Hauge, R.

L. Ren, C. Pint, L. Booshehri, W. Rice, X. Wang, D. Hilton, K. Takeya, I. Kawayama, M. Tonouchi, R. Hauge, and J. Kono, “Carbon nanotube terahertz polarizer,” Nano Lett. 9, 2610–2613 (2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Hecht, E.

E. Hecht, Optics , 2nd ed. (Addison-Wesley, 1990).

Hilton, D.

L. Ren, C. Pint, L. Booshehri, W. Rice, X. Wang, D. Hilton, K. Takeya, I. Kawayama, M. Tonouchi, R. Hauge, and J. Kono, “Carbon nanotube terahertz polarizer,” Nano Lett. 9, 2610–2613 (2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Hong, M.

H. Dong, Y. Gong, V. Paulose, and M. Hong, “Polarization state and Mueller matrix measurements in terahertz-time domain spectroscopy,” Opt. Commun. 282, 3671–3675 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Hsieh, C.-F.

Hursey, K. H.

Jordan, K.

G. L. Carr, M. C. Martin, W. R. McKinney, K. Jordan, G. R. Neil, and G. P. Williams, “High-power terahertz radiation from relativistic electrons,” Nature 420, 153–156 (2002).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Kawayama, I.

L. Ren, C. Pint, L. Booshehri, W. Rice, X. Wang, D. Hilton, K. Takeya, I. Kawayama, M. Tonouchi, R. Hauge, and J. Kono, “Carbon nanotube terahertz polarizer,” Nano Lett. 9, 2610–2613 (2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Keiding, S. R.

Kondo, T.

T. Kondo, T. Nagashima, and M. Hangyo, “Fabrication of wire-grid-type polarizers for THz region using a general-purpose color printer,” Jpn. J. Appl. Phys. 42, L373–L375 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Kono, J.

L. Ren, C. Pint, L. Booshehri, W. Rice, X. Wang, D. Hilton, K. Takeya, I. Kawayama, M. Tonouchi, R. Hauge, and J. Kono, “Carbon nanotube terahertz polarizer,” Nano Lett. 9, 2610–2613 (2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Lai, Y.-C.

Li, J.-S.

Liu, W.-T.

Lv, Z.-H.

Malaviya, U.

S. K. Awasthi, A. Srivastava, U. Malaviya, and S. P. Ojha, “Wide-angle, broadband plate polarizer in Terahertz frequency region,” Solid State Commun. 148, 506–509 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Martin, J.-L.

J.-B. Masson, M.-P. Sauviat, J.-L. Martin, and G. Gallot, “Ionic contrast terahertz near field imaging of axonal water fluxes,” Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. U.S.A. 103(13), 4808–4812 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Martin, M. C.

G. L. Carr, M. C. Martin, W. R. McKinney, K. Jordan, G. R. Neil, and G. P. Williams, “High-power terahertz radiation from relativistic electrons,” Nature 420, 153–156 (2002).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Masson, J.-B.

J.-B. Masson and G. Gallot, “Terahertz achromatic quarter-wave plate,” Opt. Lett. 31(2), 265–267 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

J.-B. Masson, M.-P. Sauviat, J.-L. Martin, and G. Gallot, “Ionic contrast terahertz near field imaging of axonal water fluxes,” Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. U.S.A. 103(13), 4808–4812 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

McKinney, W. R.

G. L. Carr, M. C. Martin, W. R. McKinney, K. Jordan, G. R. Neil, and G. P. Williams, “High-power terahertz radiation from relativistic electrons,” Nature 420, 153–156 (2002).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

mendis, R.

R. mendis and D. Mittleman, “A 2-D artificial dielectric with 0 ≤ n < 1 for the terahertz region,” IEEE Trans. Microwave Theory Tech. 58(7), 1993–1998 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Mittleman, D.

R. mendis and D. Mittleman, “A 2-D artificial dielectric with 0 ≤ n < 1 for the terahertz region,” IEEE Trans. Microwave Theory Tech. 58(7), 1993–1998 (2010).
[CrossRef]

D. Mittleman, Sensing with Terahertz Radiation (Springer, 2003).

Nagashima, T.

T. Kondo, T. Nagashima, and M. Hangyo, “Fabrication of wire-grid-type polarizers for THz region using a general-purpose color printer,” Jpn. J. Appl. Phys. 42, L373–L375 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Neil, G. R.

G. L. Carr, M. C. Martin, W. R. McKinney, K. Jordan, G. R. Neil, and G. P. Williams, “High-power terahertz radiation from relativistic electrons,” Nature 420, 153–156 (2002).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Neill, G. F.

Ojha, S. P.

S. K. Awasthi, A. Srivastava, U. Malaviya, and S. P. Ojha, “Wide-angle, broadband plate polarizer in Terahertz frequency region,” Solid State Commun. 148, 506–509 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Pan, C.-L.

Pan, R.-P.

Paulose, V.

H. Dong, Y. Gong, V. Paulose, and M. Hong, “Polarization state and Mueller matrix measurements in terahertz-time domain spectroscopy,” Opt. Commun. 282, 3671–3675 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Pint, C.

L. Ren, C. Pint, L. Booshehri, W. Rice, X. Wang, D. Hilton, K. Takeya, I. Kawayama, M. Tonouchi, R. Hauge, and J. Kono, “Carbon nanotube terahertz polarizer,” Nano Lett. 9, 2610–2613 (2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Ren, L.

L. Ren, C. Pint, L. Booshehri, W. Rice, X. Wang, D. Hilton, K. Takeya, I. Kawayama, M. Tonouchi, R. Hauge, and J. Kono, “Carbon nanotube terahertz polarizer,” Nano Lett. 9, 2610–2613 (2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Rice, W.

L. Ren, C. Pint, L. Booshehri, W. Rice, X. Wang, D. Hilton, K. Takeya, I. Kawayama, M. Tonouchi, R. Hauge, and J. Kono, “Carbon nanotube terahertz polarizer,” Nano Lett. 9, 2610–2613 (2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Saito, M.

Sauviat, M.-P.

J.-B. Masson, M.-P. Sauviat, J.-L. Martin, and G. Gallot, “Ionic contrast terahertz near field imaging of axonal water fluxes,” Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. U.S.A. 103(13), 4808–4812 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Spivey, A. V.

Srivastava, A.

S. K. Awasthi, A. Srivastava, U. Malaviya, and S. P. Ojha, “Wide-angle, broadband plate polarizer in Terahertz frequency region,” Solid State Commun. 148, 506–509 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Sun, L.

Takano, K.

Takeya, K.

L. Ren, C. Pint, L. Booshehri, W. Rice, X. Wang, D. Hilton, K. Takeya, I. Kawayama, M. Tonouchi, R. Hauge, and J. Kono, “Carbon nanotube terahertz polarizer,” Nano Lett. 9, 2610–2613 (2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Tonouchi, M.

L. Ren, C. Pint, L. Booshehri, W. Rice, X. Wang, D. Hilton, K. Takeya, I. Kawayama, M. Tonouchi, R. Hauge, and J. Kono, “Carbon nanotube terahertz polarizer,” Nano Lett. 9, 2610–2613 (2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

van Exter, M.

Wang, X.

L. Ren, C. Pint, L. Booshehri, W. Rice, X. Wang, D. Hilton, K. Takeya, I. Kawayama, M. Tonouchi, R. Hauge, and J. Kono, “Carbon nanotube terahertz polarizer,” Nano Lett. 9, 2610–2613 (2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Ward, J. M.

Watanabe, W.

Williams, G. P.

G. L. Carr, M. C. Martin, W. R. McKinney, K. Jordan, G. R. Neil, and G. P. Williams, “High-power terahertz radiation from relativistic electrons,” Nature 420, 153–156 (2002).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Wolf, E.

M. Born and E. Wolf, Principle of Optics , 7th Ed. (Cambridge University Press, 1999).

Wu, Q.

Q. Wu and X. C. Zhang, “Ultrafast electro-optic field sensors,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 68(12), 1604–1606 (1996).
[CrossRef]

Wu, W.

Xu, D.-G.

Yamada, I.

Yao, J.-Q.

Yuan, J.-M.

Zhang, X. C.

Q. Wu and X. C. Zhang, “Ultrafast electro-optic field sensors,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 68(12), 1604–1606 (1996).
[CrossRef]

Appl. Opt. (3)

Appl. Phys. Lett. (1)

Q. Wu and X. C. Zhang, “Ultrafast electro-optic field sensors,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 68(12), 1604–1606 (1996).
[CrossRef]

IEEE Trans. Microwave Theory Tech. (1)

R. mendis and D. Mittleman, “A 2-D artificial dielectric with 0 ≤ n < 1 for the terahertz region,” IEEE Trans. Microwave Theory Tech. 58(7), 1993–1998 (2010).
[CrossRef]

J. Opt. Soc. Am. (1)

J. Opt. Soc. Am. B (1)

Jpn. J. Appl. Phys. (1)

T. Kondo, T. Nagashima, and M. Hangyo, “Fabrication of wire-grid-type polarizers for THz region using a general-purpose color printer,” Jpn. J. Appl. Phys. 42, L373–L375 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Nano Lett. (1)

L. Ren, C. Pint, L. Booshehri, W. Rice, X. Wang, D. Hilton, K. Takeya, I. Kawayama, M. Tonouchi, R. Hauge, and J. Kono, “Carbon nanotube terahertz polarizer,” Nano Lett. 9, 2610–2613 (2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Nature (1)

G. L. Carr, M. C. Martin, W. R. McKinney, K. Jordan, G. R. Neil, and G. P. Williams, “High-power terahertz radiation from relativistic electrons,” Nature 420, 153–156 (2002).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Opt. Commun. (1)

H. Dong, Y. Gong, V. Paulose, and M. Hong, “Polarization state and Mueller matrix measurements in terahertz-time domain spectroscopy,” Opt. Commun. 282, 3671–3675 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Opt. Lett. (4)

Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. U.S.A. (1)

J.-B. Masson, M.-P. Sauviat, J.-L. Martin, and G. Gallot, “Ionic contrast terahertz near field imaging of axonal water fluxes,” Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. U.S.A. 103(13), 4808–4812 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Solid State Commun. (1)

S. K. Awasthi, A. Srivastava, U. Malaviya, and S. P. Ojha, “Wide-angle, broadband plate polarizer in Terahertz frequency region,” Solid State Commun. 148, 506–509 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Other (4)

D. Mittleman, Sensing with Terahertz Radiation (Springer, 2003).

M. Born and E. Wolf, Principle of Optics , 7th Ed. (Cambridge University Press, 1999).

D. Brewster, A Treatise on Optics (MacMillan and Co., 1831).

E. Hecht, Optics , 2nd ed. (Addison-Wesley, 1990).

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