Abstract

We demonstrated the generation of infrared radiation by filamentation of a spectrally shaped femtosecond laser beam. The spectrum is divided in two distinctive parts using an acousto-optic programmable dispersive filter (AOPDF) as a pulse shaper, resulting in two pulses of different colors. One pulse is frequency doubled and the beams are then focused to produce an optical filament. Efficient infrared generation occurred in the filament zone through the four-wave mixing interaction. This in-line setup allowed perfect spatial overlap of the pulses, fine control of the relative delay and the remote control of the infrared spectral distribution through spectral shaping of the initial femtosecond laser beam via the AOPDF.

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  1. J. Kasparian, M. Rodriguez, G. Méjean, J. Yu, E. Salmon, H. Wille, R. Bourayou, S. Frey, Y.-B. André, A. Mysyrowicz, R. Sauerbrey, J.-P. Wolf, and L. Wöste, “White-light filaments for atmospheric analysis,” Science 301(5629), 61–64 (2003).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  2. T. Fuji, T. Horio, and T. Suzuki, “Generation of 12 fs deep-ultraviolet pulses by four-wave mixing through filamentation in neon gas,” Opt. Lett. 32(17), 2481–2483 (2007).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  3. F. Théberge, N. Aközbek, W. Liu, A. Becker, and S. L. Chin, “Tunable ultrashort laser pulses generated through filamentation in gases,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 97(2), 023904 (2006).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  4. T. Fuji and T. Suzuki, “Generation of sub-two-cycle mid-infrared pulses by four-wave mixing through filamentation in air,” Opt. Lett. 32(22), 3330–3332 (2007).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  5. J. Kasparian, R. Sauerbrey, D. Mondelain, S. Niedermeier, J. Yu, J. P. Wolf, Y. B. André, M. Franco, B. Prade, S. Tzortzakis, A. Mysyrowicz, M. Rodriguez, H. Wille, and L. Wöste, “Infrared extension of the super continuum generated by femtosecond terawatt laser pulses propagating in the atmosphere,” Opt. Lett. 25(18), 1397–1399 (2000).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  6. F. Théberge, M. Châteauneuf, V. Ross, P. Mathieu, and J. Dubois, “Ultrabroadband conical emission generated from the ultraviolet up to the far-infrared during the optical filamentation in air,” Opt. Lett. 33(21), 2515–2517 (2008).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  7. D. J. Cook and R. M. Hochstrasser, “Intense terahertz pulses by four-wave rectification in air,” Opt. Lett. 25(16), 1210–1212 (2000).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  8. Y. Zhang, Y. Chen, C. Marceau, W. Liu, Z. D. Sun, S. Xu, F. Théberge, M. Châteauneuf, J. Dubois, and S. L. Chin, “Non-radially polarized THz pulse emitted from femtosecond laser filament in air,” Opt. Express 16(20), 15483–15488 (2008).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  9. F. Théberge, M. Chateauneuf, G. Roy, P. Mathieu, and J. Dubois, “Generation of tunable and broadband far-infrared laser pulses during two-color filamentation,” Phys. Rev. A 81(3), 033821 (2010).
    [CrossRef]
  10. F. Verluise, V. Laude, Z. Cheng, C. Spielmann, and P. Tournois, “Amplitude and phase control of ultrashort pulses by use of an acousto-optic programmable dispersive filter: pulse compression and shaping,” Opt. Lett. 25(8), 575–577 (2000).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  11. T. Oksenhendler, D. Kaplan, P. Tournois, G. M. Greetham, and F. Estable, “Intracavity acousto-optic programmable gain control for ultra-wide-band regenerative amplifiers,” Appl. Phys. B 83(4), 491–494 (2006).
    [CrossRef]
  12. S. L. Chin, S. A. Hosseini, W. Liu, Q. Luo, F. Théberge, N. Aközbek, A. Becker, V. P. Kandidov, O. G. Kosareva, and H. Schroeder, “The propagation of powerful femtosecond laser pulses in optical media: physics, applications, and new challenges,” Can. J. Phys. 83(9), 863–905 (2005).
    [CrossRef]
  13. A. Couairon and A. Mysyrowicz, “Femtosecond filamentation in transparent media,” Phys. Rep. 441(2-4), 47–189 (2007).
    [CrossRef]
  14. J. Kasparian and J. P. Wolf, “Physics and applications of atmospheric nonlinear optics and filamentation,” Opt. Express 16(1), 466–493 (2008).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  15. M. E. Thomas and D. D. Duncan, in The Infrared & ElectroOptical Systems Handbook, Vol. 2 of Atmospheric Propagation of Radiation, F. Smith, ed. (SPIE, 1993), Chap. 1, p. 88.

2010 (1)

F. Théberge, M. Chateauneuf, G. Roy, P. Mathieu, and J. Dubois, “Generation of tunable and broadband far-infrared laser pulses during two-color filamentation,” Phys. Rev. A 81(3), 033821 (2010).
[CrossRef]

2008 (3)

2007 (3)

2006 (2)

F. Théberge, N. Aközbek, W. Liu, A. Becker, and S. L. Chin, “Tunable ultrashort laser pulses generated through filamentation in gases,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 97(2), 023904 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

T. Oksenhendler, D. Kaplan, P. Tournois, G. M. Greetham, and F. Estable, “Intracavity acousto-optic programmable gain control for ultra-wide-band regenerative amplifiers,” Appl. Phys. B 83(4), 491–494 (2006).
[CrossRef]

2005 (1)

S. L. Chin, S. A. Hosseini, W. Liu, Q. Luo, F. Théberge, N. Aközbek, A. Becker, V. P. Kandidov, O. G. Kosareva, and H. Schroeder, “The propagation of powerful femtosecond laser pulses in optical media: physics, applications, and new challenges,” Can. J. Phys. 83(9), 863–905 (2005).
[CrossRef]

2003 (1)

J. Kasparian, M. Rodriguez, G. Méjean, J. Yu, E. Salmon, H. Wille, R. Bourayou, S. Frey, Y.-B. André, A. Mysyrowicz, R. Sauerbrey, J.-P. Wolf, and L. Wöste, “White-light filaments for atmospheric analysis,” Science 301(5629), 61–64 (2003).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

2000 (3)

Aközbek, N.

F. Théberge, N. Aközbek, W. Liu, A. Becker, and S. L. Chin, “Tunable ultrashort laser pulses generated through filamentation in gases,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 97(2), 023904 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

S. L. Chin, S. A. Hosseini, W. Liu, Q. Luo, F. Théberge, N. Aközbek, A. Becker, V. P. Kandidov, O. G. Kosareva, and H. Schroeder, “The propagation of powerful femtosecond laser pulses in optical media: physics, applications, and new challenges,” Can. J. Phys. 83(9), 863–905 (2005).
[CrossRef]

André, Y. B.

André, Y.-B.

J. Kasparian, M. Rodriguez, G. Méjean, J. Yu, E. Salmon, H. Wille, R. Bourayou, S. Frey, Y.-B. André, A. Mysyrowicz, R. Sauerbrey, J.-P. Wolf, and L. Wöste, “White-light filaments for atmospheric analysis,” Science 301(5629), 61–64 (2003).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Becker, A.

F. Théberge, N. Aközbek, W. Liu, A. Becker, and S. L. Chin, “Tunable ultrashort laser pulses generated through filamentation in gases,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 97(2), 023904 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

S. L. Chin, S. A. Hosseini, W. Liu, Q. Luo, F. Théberge, N. Aközbek, A. Becker, V. P. Kandidov, O. G. Kosareva, and H. Schroeder, “The propagation of powerful femtosecond laser pulses in optical media: physics, applications, and new challenges,” Can. J. Phys. 83(9), 863–905 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Bourayou, R.

J. Kasparian, M. Rodriguez, G. Méjean, J. Yu, E. Salmon, H. Wille, R. Bourayou, S. Frey, Y.-B. André, A. Mysyrowicz, R. Sauerbrey, J.-P. Wolf, and L. Wöste, “White-light filaments for atmospheric analysis,” Science 301(5629), 61–64 (2003).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Chateauneuf, M.

F. Théberge, M. Chateauneuf, G. Roy, P. Mathieu, and J. Dubois, “Generation of tunable and broadband far-infrared laser pulses during two-color filamentation,” Phys. Rev. A 81(3), 033821 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Châteauneuf, M.

Chen, Y.

Cheng, Z.

Chin, S. L.

Y. Zhang, Y. Chen, C. Marceau, W. Liu, Z. D. Sun, S. Xu, F. Théberge, M. Châteauneuf, J. Dubois, and S. L. Chin, “Non-radially polarized THz pulse emitted from femtosecond laser filament in air,” Opt. Express 16(20), 15483–15488 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

F. Théberge, N. Aközbek, W. Liu, A. Becker, and S. L. Chin, “Tunable ultrashort laser pulses generated through filamentation in gases,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 97(2), 023904 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

S. L. Chin, S. A. Hosseini, W. Liu, Q. Luo, F. Théberge, N. Aközbek, A. Becker, V. P. Kandidov, O. G. Kosareva, and H. Schroeder, “The propagation of powerful femtosecond laser pulses in optical media: physics, applications, and new challenges,” Can. J. Phys. 83(9), 863–905 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Cook, D. J.

Couairon, A.

A. Couairon and A. Mysyrowicz, “Femtosecond filamentation in transparent media,” Phys. Rep. 441(2-4), 47–189 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Dubois, J.

Estable, F.

T. Oksenhendler, D. Kaplan, P. Tournois, G. M. Greetham, and F. Estable, “Intracavity acousto-optic programmable gain control for ultra-wide-band regenerative amplifiers,” Appl. Phys. B 83(4), 491–494 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Franco, M.

Frey, S.

J. Kasparian, M. Rodriguez, G. Méjean, J. Yu, E. Salmon, H. Wille, R. Bourayou, S. Frey, Y.-B. André, A. Mysyrowicz, R. Sauerbrey, J.-P. Wolf, and L. Wöste, “White-light filaments for atmospheric analysis,” Science 301(5629), 61–64 (2003).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Fuji, T.

Greetham, G. M.

T. Oksenhendler, D. Kaplan, P. Tournois, G. M. Greetham, and F. Estable, “Intracavity acousto-optic programmable gain control for ultra-wide-band regenerative amplifiers,” Appl. Phys. B 83(4), 491–494 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Hochstrasser, R. M.

Horio, T.

Hosseini, S. A.

S. L. Chin, S. A. Hosseini, W. Liu, Q. Luo, F. Théberge, N. Aközbek, A. Becker, V. P. Kandidov, O. G. Kosareva, and H. Schroeder, “The propagation of powerful femtosecond laser pulses in optical media: physics, applications, and new challenges,” Can. J. Phys. 83(9), 863–905 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Kandidov, V. P.

S. L. Chin, S. A. Hosseini, W. Liu, Q. Luo, F. Théberge, N. Aközbek, A. Becker, V. P. Kandidov, O. G. Kosareva, and H. Schroeder, “The propagation of powerful femtosecond laser pulses in optical media: physics, applications, and new challenges,” Can. J. Phys. 83(9), 863–905 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Kaplan, D.

T. Oksenhendler, D. Kaplan, P. Tournois, G. M. Greetham, and F. Estable, “Intracavity acousto-optic programmable gain control for ultra-wide-band regenerative amplifiers,” Appl. Phys. B 83(4), 491–494 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Kasparian, J.

Kosareva, O. G.

S. L. Chin, S. A. Hosseini, W. Liu, Q. Luo, F. Théberge, N. Aközbek, A. Becker, V. P. Kandidov, O. G. Kosareva, and H. Schroeder, “The propagation of powerful femtosecond laser pulses in optical media: physics, applications, and new challenges,” Can. J. Phys. 83(9), 863–905 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Laude, V.

Liu, W.

Y. Zhang, Y. Chen, C. Marceau, W. Liu, Z. D. Sun, S. Xu, F. Théberge, M. Châteauneuf, J. Dubois, and S. L. Chin, “Non-radially polarized THz pulse emitted from femtosecond laser filament in air,” Opt. Express 16(20), 15483–15488 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

F. Théberge, N. Aközbek, W. Liu, A. Becker, and S. L. Chin, “Tunable ultrashort laser pulses generated through filamentation in gases,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 97(2), 023904 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

S. L. Chin, S. A. Hosseini, W. Liu, Q. Luo, F. Théberge, N. Aközbek, A. Becker, V. P. Kandidov, O. G. Kosareva, and H. Schroeder, “The propagation of powerful femtosecond laser pulses in optical media: physics, applications, and new challenges,” Can. J. Phys. 83(9), 863–905 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Luo, Q.

S. L. Chin, S. A. Hosseini, W. Liu, Q. Luo, F. Théberge, N. Aközbek, A. Becker, V. P. Kandidov, O. G. Kosareva, and H. Schroeder, “The propagation of powerful femtosecond laser pulses in optical media: physics, applications, and new challenges,” Can. J. Phys. 83(9), 863–905 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Marceau, C.

Mathieu, P.

F. Théberge, M. Chateauneuf, G. Roy, P. Mathieu, and J. Dubois, “Generation of tunable and broadband far-infrared laser pulses during two-color filamentation,” Phys. Rev. A 81(3), 033821 (2010).
[CrossRef]

F. Théberge, M. Châteauneuf, V. Ross, P. Mathieu, and J. Dubois, “Ultrabroadband conical emission generated from the ultraviolet up to the far-infrared during the optical filamentation in air,” Opt. Lett. 33(21), 2515–2517 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Méjean, G.

J. Kasparian, M. Rodriguez, G. Méjean, J. Yu, E. Salmon, H. Wille, R. Bourayou, S. Frey, Y.-B. André, A. Mysyrowicz, R. Sauerbrey, J.-P. Wolf, and L. Wöste, “White-light filaments for atmospheric analysis,” Science 301(5629), 61–64 (2003).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Mondelain, D.

Mysyrowicz, A.

A. Couairon and A. Mysyrowicz, “Femtosecond filamentation in transparent media,” Phys. Rep. 441(2-4), 47–189 (2007).
[CrossRef]

J. Kasparian, M. Rodriguez, G. Méjean, J. Yu, E. Salmon, H. Wille, R. Bourayou, S. Frey, Y.-B. André, A. Mysyrowicz, R. Sauerbrey, J.-P. Wolf, and L. Wöste, “White-light filaments for atmospheric analysis,” Science 301(5629), 61–64 (2003).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

J. Kasparian, R. Sauerbrey, D. Mondelain, S. Niedermeier, J. Yu, J. P. Wolf, Y. B. André, M. Franco, B. Prade, S. Tzortzakis, A. Mysyrowicz, M. Rodriguez, H. Wille, and L. Wöste, “Infrared extension of the super continuum generated by femtosecond terawatt laser pulses propagating in the atmosphere,” Opt. Lett. 25(18), 1397–1399 (2000).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Niedermeier, S.

Oksenhendler, T.

T. Oksenhendler, D. Kaplan, P. Tournois, G. M. Greetham, and F. Estable, “Intracavity acousto-optic programmable gain control for ultra-wide-band regenerative amplifiers,” Appl. Phys. B 83(4), 491–494 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Prade, B.

Rodriguez, M.

Ross, V.

Roy, G.

F. Théberge, M. Chateauneuf, G. Roy, P. Mathieu, and J. Dubois, “Generation of tunable and broadband far-infrared laser pulses during two-color filamentation,” Phys. Rev. A 81(3), 033821 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Salmon, E.

J. Kasparian, M. Rodriguez, G. Méjean, J. Yu, E. Salmon, H. Wille, R. Bourayou, S. Frey, Y.-B. André, A. Mysyrowicz, R. Sauerbrey, J.-P. Wolf, and L. Wöste, “White-light filaments for atmospheric analysis,” Science 301(5629), 61–64 (2003).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Sauerbrey, R.

Schroeder, H.

S. L. Chin, S. A. Hosseini, W. Liu, Q. Luo, F. Théberge, N. Aközbek, A. Becker, V. P. Kandidov, O. G. Kosareva, and H. Schroeder, “The propagation of powerful femtosecond laser pulses in optical media: physics, applications, and new challenges,” Can. J. Phys. 83(9), 863–905 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Spielmann, C.

Sun, Z. D.

Suzuki, T.

Théberge, F.

F. Théberge, M. Chateauneuf, G. Roy, P. Mathieu, and J. Dubois, “Generation of tunable and broadband far-infrared laser pulses during two-color filamentation,” Phys. Rev. A 81(3), 033821 (2010).
[CrossRef]

F. Théberge, M. Châteauneuf, V. Ross, P. Mathieu, and J. Dubois, “Ultrabroadband conical emission generated from the ultraviolet up to the far-infrared during the optical filamentation in air,” Opt. Lett. 33(21), 2515–2517 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Y. Zhang, Y. Chen, C. Marceau, W. Liu, Z. D. Sun, S. Xu, F. Théberge, M. Châteauneuf, J. Dubois, and S. L. Chin, “Non-radially polarized THz pulse emitted from femtosecond laser filament in air,” Opt. Express 16(20), 15483–15488 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

F. Théberge, N. Aközbek, W. Liu, A. Becker, and S. L. Chin, “Tunable ultrashort laser pulses generated through filamentation in gases,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 97(2), 023904 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

S. L. Chin, S. A. Hosseini, W. Liu, Q. Luo, F. Théberge, N. Aközbek, A. Becker, V. P. Kandidov, O. G. Kosareva, and H. Schroeder, “The propagation of powerful femtosecond laser pulses in optical media: physics, applications, and new challenges,” Can. J. Phys. 83(9), 863–905 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Tournois, P.

T. Oksenhendler, D. Kaplan, P. Tournois, G. M. Greetham, and F. Estable, “Intracavity acousto-optic programmable gain control for ultra-wide-band regenerative amplifiers,” Appl. Phys. B 83(4), 491–494 (2006).
[CrossRef]

F. Verluise, V. Laude, Z. Cheng, C. Spielmann, and P. Tournois, “Amplitude and phase control of ultrashort pulses by use of an acousto-optic programmable dispersive filter: pulse compression and shaping,” Opt. Lett. 25(8), 575–577 (2000).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Tzortzakis, S.

Verluise, F.

Wille, H.

Wolf, J. P.

Wolf, J.-P.

J. Kasparian, M. Rodriguez, G. Méjean, J. Yu, E. Salmon, H. Wille, R. Bourayou, S. Frey, Y.-B. André, A. Mysyrowicz, R. Sauerbrey, J.-P. Wolf, and L. Wöste, “White-light filaments for atmospheric analysis,” Science 301(5629), 61–64 (2003).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Wöste, L.

Xu, S.

Yu, J.

Zhang, Y.

Appl. Phys. B (1)

T. Oksenhendler, D. Kaplan, P. Tournois, G. M. Greetham, and F. Estable, “Intracavity acousto-optic programmable gain control for ultra-wide-band regenerative amplifiers,” Appl. Phys. B 83(4), 491–494 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Can. J. Phys. (1)

S. L. Chin, S. A. Hosseini, W. Liu, Q. Luo, F. Théberge, N. Aközbek, A. Becker, V. P. Kandidov, O. G. Kosareva, and H. Schroeder, “The propagation of powerful femtosecond laser pulses in optical media: physics, applications, and new challenges,” Can. J. Phys. 83(9), 863–905 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Opt. Express (2)

Opt. Lett. (6)

Phys. Rep. (1)

A. Couairon and A. Mysyrowicz, “Femtosecond filamentation in transparent media,” Phys. Rep. 441(2-4), 47–189 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Phys. Rev. A (1)

F. Théberge, M. Chateauneuf, G. Roy, P. Mathieu, and J. Dubois, “Generation of tunable and broadband far-infrared laser pulses during two-color filamentation,” Phys. Rev. A 81(3), 033821 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Phys. Rev. Lett. (1)

F. Théberge, N. Aközbek, W. Liu, A. Becker, and S. L. Chin, “Tunable ultrashort laser pulses generated through filamentation in gases,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 97(2), 023904 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Science (1)

J. Kasparian, M. Rodriguez, G. Méjean, J. Yu, E. Salmon, H. Wille, R. Bourayou, S. Frey, Y.-B. André, A. Mysyrowicz, R. Sauerbrey, J.-P. Wolf, and L. Wöste, “White-light filaments for atmospheric analysis,” Science 301(5629), 61–64 (2003).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Other (1)

M. E. Thomas and D. D. Duncan, in The Infrared & ElectroOptical Systems Handbook, Vol. 2 of Atmospheric Propagation of Radiation, F. Smith, ed. (SPIE, 1993), Chap. 1, p. 88.

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Figures (3)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1

(a) Optical lay-out used for in-line two-color filamentation, Three different spectral shape generated by the laser system and explored during the experiment (b,d,f). The blue and red laser pulses spectra after all the optical components of the in-line setup (c,e,g).

Fig. 2
Fig. 2

Broadband spectra resulting from the two-color filamentation of the three different spectral shapes obtained in Fig. 1(c), 1(e) and 1(g). In each case, the delay between the two pulses was adjusted to maximize the infrared signal.

Fig. 3
Fig. 3

(a) Measured spatial distribution for different IR wavelengths in the case of the 791nm-412nm four-wave mixing and (b) divergence expected from phase-matching calculations in comparison with the experimental results. The grey zone in (b) corresponds to the off-axis phase-matching angle for the ±2 mrad initial divergence of the blue pulse.

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