Abstract

A digital dual-rate burst-mode receiver, intended to support 10 and 1 Gb/s coexistence in optical access networks, is proposed and experimentally characterized. The receiver employs a standard DC-coupled photoreceiver followed by a 20 GS/s digitizer and the detection of the packet presence and line-rate is implemented in the digital domain. A polyphase, 2 samples-per-bit digital signal processing algorithm is then used for efficient clock and data recovery of the 10/1.25 Gb/s packets. The receiver performance is characterized in terms of sensitivity and dynamic range under burst-mode operation for 10/1.25 Gb/s intensity modulated data in terms of both the packet error rate (PER) and the payload bit error rate (pBER). The impact of packet preamble lengths of 16, 32, 48, and 64 bits, at 10 Gb/s, on the receiver performance is investigated. We show that there is a trade-off between pBER and PER that is limited by electrical noise and digitizer clipping at low and high received powers, respectively, and that a 16/2-bit preamble at 10/1.25 Gb/s is sufficient to reliably detect packets at both line-rates over a burst-to-burst dynamic range of 14,5dB with a sensitivity of −18.5dBm at 10 Gb/s.

© 2011 OSA

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  1. K. Tanaka, A. Agata, and Y. Horiuchi, “IEEE 802.3av 10G-EPON standardization and its research and development status,” J. Lightwave Technol. 28(4), 651–661 (2010).
    [CrossRef]
  2. P. Ossieur, T. De Ridder, J. Bauwelinck, C. Mélange, B. Baekelandt, X. Qiu, J. Vandewege, G. Talli, C. Antony, P. Townsend, and C. Ford, “A 10 Gb/s burst-mode receiver with automatic reset generation and burst detection for extended reach PONs,” in Proceedings of OFC 2009, paper OWH3 (2009).
  3. J. Sugawa, D. Mashimo, and H. Ikeda, “10.3Gbps burst-mode receiver capable of upstream transmission with short overhead for 10G-EPON,” in Proceedings of ECOC 2010, paper Mo.2.B.4 (2010).
  4. J. Nakagawa, M. Noda, N. Suzuki, S. Yoshima, K. Nakura, and M. Nogami, “First demonstration of 10G-EPON and GE-PON co-existing system employing dual-rate burst-mode 3R transceiver,” in Proceedings of OFC 2010, paper PDPD10 (2010).
  5. J. M. Delgado Mendinueta, J. E. Mitchell, P. Bayvel, and B. C. Thomsen, “Digital multi-rate receiver for 10GE-PON and GE-PON coexistence,” in Proceedings of OFC 2011, paper NTuD4 (2011).
  6. L. Erup, F. M. Gardner, and R. A. Harris, “Interpolation in digital modems. Part II: implementation and performance,” IEEE Trans. Commun. 41(6), 998–1008 (1993).
    [CrossRef]
  7. S. J. Lee, “A new non-data-aided feedforward symbol timing estimator using two samples per symbol,” IEEE Commun. Lett. 6(5), 205–207 (2002).
    [CrossRef]
  8. M. Oerder and H. Meyr, “Digital filter and square timing recovery,” IEEE Trans. Commun. 36(5), 605–612 (1988).
    [CrossRef]
  9. B. C. Thomsen, B. J. Puttnam, and P. Bayvel, “Optically equalized 10 Gb/s NRZ digital burstmode receiver for dynamic optical networks,” Opt. Express 15(15), 9520–9526 (2007).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  10. J. M. Delgado Mendinueta, P. Bayvel, and B. C. Thomsen, “Digital lightwave receivers: an experimentally validated system model,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 23(6), 338–340 (2011).
    [CrossRef]
  11. G. P. Agrawal, Fiber Optic Communication Systems, 3rd ed. (Wiley, 2002).

2011

J. M. Delgado Mendinueta, P. Bayvel, and B. C. Thomsen, “Digital lightwave receivers: an experimentally validated system model,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 23(6), 338–340 (2011).
[CrossRef]

2010

2007

2002

S. J. Lee, “A new non-data-aided feedforward symbol timing estimator using two samples per symbol,” IEEE Commun. Lett. 6(5), 205–207 (2002).
[CrossRef]

1993

L. Erup, F. M. Gardner, and R. A. Harris, “Interpolation in digital modems. Part II: implementation and performance,” IEEE Trans. Commun. 41(6), 998–1008 (1993).
[CrossRef]

1988

M. Oerder and H. Meyr, “Digital filter and square timing recovery,” IEEE Trans. Commun. 36(5), 605–612 (1988).
[CrossRef]

Agata, A.

Bayvel, P.

J. M. Delgado Mendinueta, P. Bayvel, and B. C. Thomsen, “Digital lightwave receivers: an experimentally validated system model,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 23(6), 338–340 (2011).
[CrossRef]

B. C. Thomsen, B. J. Puttnam, and P. Bayvel, “Optically equalized 10 Gb/s NRZ digital burstmode receiver for dynamic optical networks,” Opt. Express 15(15), 9520–9526 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Delgado Mendinueta, J. M.

J. M. Delgado Mendinueta, P. Bayvel, and B. C. Thomsen, “Digital lightwave receivers: an experimentally validated system model,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 23(6), 338–340 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Erup, L.

L. Erup, F. M. Gardner, and R. A. Harris, “Interpolation in digital modems. Part II: implementation and performance,” IEEE Trans. Commun. 41(6), 998–1008 (1993).
[CrossRef]

Gardner, F. M.

L. Erup, F. M. Gardner, and R. A. Harris, “Interpolation in digital modems. Part II: implementation and performance,” IEEE Trans. Commun. 41(6), 998–1008 (1993).
[CrossRef]

Harris, R. A.

L. Erup, F. M. Gardner, and R. A. Harris, “Interpolation in digital modems. Part II: implementation and performance,” IEEE Trans. Commun. 41(6), 998–1008 (1993).
[CrossRef]

Horiuchi, Y.

Lee, S. J.

S. J. Lee, “A new non-data-aided feedforward symbol timing estimator using two samples per symbol,” IEEE Commun. Lett. 6(5), 205–207 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Meyr, H.

M. Oerder and H. Meyr, “Digital filter and square timing recovery,” IEEE Trans. Commun. 36(5), 605–612 (1988).
[CrossRef]

Oerder, M.

M. Oerder and H. Meyr, “Digital filter and square timing recovery,” IEEE Trans. Commun. 36(5), 605–612 (1988).
[CrossRef]

Puttnam, B. J.

Tanaka, K.

Thomsen, B. C.

J. M. Delgado Mendinueta, P. Bayvel, and B. C. Thomsen, “Digital lightwave receivers: an experimentally validated system model,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 23(6), 338–340 (2011).
[CrossRef]

B. C. Thomsen, B. J. Puttnam, and P. Bayvel, “Optically equalized 10 Gb/s NRZ digital burstmode receiver for dynamic optical networks,” Opt. Express 15(15), 9520–9526 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

IEEE Commun. Lett.

S. J. Lee, “A new non-data-aided feedforward symbol timing estimator using two samples per symbol,” IEEE Commun. Lett. 6(5), 205–207 (2002).
[CrossRef]

IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett.

J. M. Delgado Mendinueta, P. Bayvel, and B. C. Thomsen, “Digital lightwave receivers: an experimentally validated system model,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 23(6), 338–340 (2011).
[CrossRef]

IEEE Trans. Commun.

M. Oerder and H. Meyr, “Digital filter and square timing recovery,” IEEE Trans. Commun. 36(5), 605–612 (1988).
[CrossRef]

L. Erup, F. M. Gardner, and R. A. Harris, “Interpolation in digital modems. Part II: implementation and performance,” IEEE Trans. Commun. 41(6), 998–1008 (1993).
[CrossRef]

J. Lightwave Technol.

Opt. Express

Other

G. P. Agrawal, Fiber Optic Communication Systems, 3rd ed. (Wiley, 2002).

P. Ossieur, T. De Ridder, J. Bauwelinck, C. Mélange, B. Baekelandt, X. Qiu, J. Vandewege, G. Talli, C. Antony, P. Townsend, and C. Ford, “A 10 Gb/s burst-mode receiver with automatic reset generation and burst detection for extended reach PONs,” in Proceedings of OFC 2009, paper OWH3 (2009).

J. Sugawa, D. Mashimo, and H. Ikeda, “10.3Gbps burst-mode receiver capable of upstream transmission with short overhead for 10G-EPON,” in Proceedings of ECOC 2010, paper Mo.2.B.4 (2010).

J. Nakagawa, M. Noda, N. Suzuki, S. Yoshima, K. Nakura, and M. Nogami, “First demonstration of 10G-EPON and GE-PON co-existing system employing dual-rate burst-mode 3R transceiver,” in Proceedings of OFC 2010, paper PDPD10 (2010).

J. M. Delgado Mendinueta, J. E. Mitchell, P. Bayvel, and B. C. Thomsen, “Digital multi-rate receiver for 10GE-PON and GE-PON coexistence,” in Proceedings of OFC 2011, paper NTuD4 (2011).

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Figures (4)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1

(a) Experimental receiver. (b) Threshold logic detailed diagram. (c) DDBMRx architecture.

Fig. 2
Fig. 2

(a) Experimental setup for generating optical packets. (b) Diagram of the generated optical packets.

Fig. 3
Fig. 3

(a) CM sensitivity and overshoot as a function of received power for digitizer ranges of 100, 200, 300, and 400 mV. (b) Receiver sensitivity for a BER = 10−3 and a digitizer range of 200 mV as a function of the normalized scope offset under continuous and burst operation.

Fig. 4
Fig. 4

(a) Average MF output at the optimum time sampling point. (b) PER for Lhigh = −4.02 dBm and Llow = −20.19 dBm and a preamble of 64 bits.

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