Abstract

We present a scalable approach to optical time division multiplexing using an all-optical transmultiplexer incorporating a time lens. With simply a single nonlinear device we numerically demonstrate direct conversion from time-division multiplexing (TDM) to wavelength division multiplexing (WDM) with an industry standard 100-GHz channel spacing. Data rates at 1.28 Tb/s are realized in simulation. Additionally, various pump shapes are investigated to minimize distortions and reverse operation of the device (WDM to TDM conversion) is shown.

© 2011 OSA

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    [CrossRef]
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    [CrossRef]
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    [CrossRef]
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    [CrossRef]
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    [CrossRef]
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    [CrossRef]
  24. R. Salem, M. A. Foster, A. C. Turner-Foster, D. F. Geraghty, M. Lipson, and A. L. Gaeta, “High-speed optical sampling using a silicon-chip temporal magnifier,” Opt. Express 17(6), 4324–4329 (2009), http://www.opticsinfobase.org/oe/abstract.cfm?URI=oe-17-6-4324 .
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  25. Y. Okawachi, R. Salem, M. A. Foster, A. C. Turner-Foster, M. Lipson, and A. L. Gaeta, “High-resolution spectroscopy using a frequency magnifier,” Opt. Express 17(7), 5691–5697 (2009), http://www.opticsinfobase.org/oe/abstract.cfm?&uri=oe-17-7-5691 .
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  26. O. Kuzucu, Y. Okawachi, R. Salem, M. A. Foster, A. C. Turner-Foster, M. Lipson, and A. L. Gaeta, “Spectral phase conjugation via temporal imaging,” Opt. Express 17(22), 20605–20614 (2009), http://www.opticsinfobase.org/oe/abstract.cfm?URI=oe-17-22-20605 .
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  27. R. Salem, M. A. Foster, A. C. Turner, D. F. Geraghty, M. Lipson, and A. L. Gaeta, “Optical time lens based on four-wave mixing on a silicon chip,” Opt. Lett. 33(10), 1047–1049 (2008).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  28. J. P. R. Lacey, M. V. Chan, R. S. Tucker, A. J. Lowery, and M. A. Summerfield, “All-optical WDM to TDM transmultiplexer,” Electron. Lett. 30(19), 1612–1613 (1994).
    [CrossRef]
  29. T. Morioka, S. Kawanishi, H. Takara, and M. Saruwatari, “Multiple-output, 100 Gbit/s all-optical demultiplexer based on multichannel four-wave mixing pumped by a linearly-chirped square pulse,” Electron. Lett. 30(23), 1959–1960 (1994).
    [CrossRef]
  30. K. Uchiyama, H. Takara, T. Morioka, S. Kawanishi, and M. Saruwatari, “100Gbit/s multiple-channel output all-optical demultiplexing based on TDM-WDM conversion in a nonlinear optical loop mirror,” Electron. Lett. 32(21), 1989–1990 (1996).
    [CrossRef]
  31. K. Uchiyama, S. Kawanishi, and M. Saruwatari, “100-Gb/s multiple-channel output all-optical OTDM demultiplexing using multichannel four-wave mixing in a semiconductor optical amplifier,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 10(6), 890–892 (1998).
    [CrossRef]
  32. H. Sotobayashi, W. Chujo, and T. Ozeki, “80Gbit/s simultaneous photonic demultiplexing based on OTDM-to-WDM conversion by four-wave mixing with supercontinuum light source,” Electron. Lett. 37, 640–641 (2001).
    [CrossRef]
  33. K. Uchiyama, H. Takara, K. Mori, and T. Morioka, “160 Gbit/s all-optical time-division demultiplexing utilizing modified multiple-output OTDM demultiplexer (MOXIC),” Electron. Lett. 38(20), 1190–1191 (2002).
    [CrossRef]
  34. P. J. Almeida, P. Petropoulos, F. Parmigiani, M. Ibsen, and D. J. Richardson, “OTDM add-drop multiplexer based on time-frequency signal processing,” J. Lightwave Technol. 24(7), 2720–2732 (2006).
    [CrossRef]
  35. K. J. Lee, S. Liu, F. Parmigiani, M. Ibsen, P. Petropoulos, K. Gallo, and D. J. Richardson, “OTDM to WDM format conversion based on quadratic cascading in a periodically poled lithium niobate waveguide,” Opt. Express 18(10), 10282–10288 (2010), http://www.opticsinfobase.org/oe/abstract.cfm?URI=oe-18-10-10282 .
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  36. C.-S. Bres, A. O. J. Wiberg, B. P.-P. Kuo, J. M. Chavez-Boggio, C. F. Marki, N. Alic, and S. Radic, “Optical Demultiplexing of 320 Gb/s to 8 x 40 Gb/s in Single Parametric Gate,” J. Lightwave Technol. 28(4), 434–442 (2010).
    [CrossRef]
  37. X. Wu, A. Bogoni, S. R. Nuccio, O. F. Yilmaz, M. Scaffardi, and A. E. Willner, “High-Speed Optical WDM-to-TDM Conversion Using Fiber Nonlinearities,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 16(5), 1441–1447 (2010).
    [CrossRef]
  38. M. A. Foster, A. C. Turner, J. E. Sharping, B. S. Schmidt, M. Lipson, and A. L. Gaeta, “Broad-band optical parametric gain on a silicon photonic chip,” Nature 441(7096), 960–963 (2006).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  39. V. Ta’eed, M. D. Pelusi, B. J. Eggleton, D.-Y. Choi, S. Madden, D. Bulla, and B. Luther-Davies, “Broadband wavelength conversion at 40 Gb/s using long serpentine As(2)S(3) planar waveguides,” Opt. Express 15(23), 15047–15052 (2007), http://www.opticsinfobase.org/oe/abstract.cfm?&uri=oe-15-23-15047 .
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  40. A. C. Turner-Foster, M. A. Foster, R. Salem, A. L. Gaeta, and M. Lipson, “Frequency conversion over two-thirds of an octave in silicon nanowaveguides,” Opt. Express 18(3), 1904–1908 (2010), http://www.opticsinfobase.org/oe/abstract.cfm?URI=oe-18-3-1904 .
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]

2011 (1)

2010 (7)

H. C. H. Mulvad, M. Galili, L. K. Oxenløwe, H. Hu, A. T. Clausen, J. B. Jensen, C. Peucheret, and P. Jeppesen, “Demonstration of 5.1 Tbit/s data capacity on a single-wavelength channel,” Opt. Express 18(2), 1438–1443 (2010), http://www.opticsinfobase.org/oe/abstract.cfm?URI=oe-18-2-1438 .
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

A. C. Turner-Foster, M. A. Foster, R. Salem, A. L. Gaeta, and M. Lipson, “Frequency conversion over two-thirds of an octave in silicon nanowaveguides,” Opt. Express 18(3), 1904–1908 (2010), http://www.opticsinfobase.org/oe/abstract.cfm?URI=oe-18-3-1904 .
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

F. Li, M. Pelusi, D.-X. Xu, A. Densmore, R. Ma, S. Janz, and D. J. Moss, “Error-free all-optical demultiplexing at 160Gb/s via FWM in a silicon nanowire,” Opt. Express 18(4), 3905–3910 (2010), http://www.opticsinfobase.org/oe/abstract.cfm?URI=oe-18-4-3905 .
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

C.-S. Bres, A. O. J. Wiberg, B. P.-P. Kuo, J. M. Chavez-Boggio, C. F. Marki, N. Alic, and S. Radic, “Optical Demultiplexing of 320 Gb/s to 8 x 40 Gb/s in Single Parametric Gate,” J. Lightwave Technol. 28(4), 434–442 (2010).
[CrossRef]

K. J. Lee, S. Liu, F. Parmigiani, M. Ibsen, P. Petropoulos, K. Gallo, and D. J. Richardson, “OTDM to WDM format conversion based on quadratic cascading in a periodically poled lithium niobate waveguide,” Opt. Express 18(10), 10282–10288 (2010), http://www.opticsinfobase.org/oe/abstract.cfm?URI=oe-18-10-10282 .
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

T. D. Vo, H. Hu, M. Galili, E. Palushani, J. Xu, L. K. Oxenløwe, S. J. Madden, D.-Y. Choi, D. A. P. Bulla, M. D. Pelusi, J. Schröder, B. Luther-Davies, and B. J. Eggleton, “Photonic chip based transmitter optimization and receiver demultiplexing of a 1.28 Tbit/s OTDM signal,” Opt. Express 18(16), 17252–17261 (2010), http://www.opticsinfobase.org/oe/abstract.cfm?URI=oe-18-16-17252 .
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

X. Wu, A. Bogoni, S. R. Nuccio, O. F. Yilmaz, M. Scaffardi, and A. E. Willner, “High-Speed Optical WDM-to-TDM Conversion Using Fiber Nonlinearities,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 16(5), 1441–1447 (2010).
[CrossRef]

2009 (6)

M. A. Foster, R. Salem, Y. Okawachi, A. C. Turner-Foster, M. Lipson, and A. L. Gaeta, “Ultrafast waveform compression using a time-domain telescope,” Nat. Photonics 3(10), 581–585 (2009).
[CrossRef]

H. C. Hansen Mulvad, L. K. Oxenløwe, M. Galili, A. T. Clausen, L. Gruner-Nielsen, and P. Jeppesen, “1.28 Tbit/s single-polarisation serial OOK optical data generation and demultiplexing,” Electron. Lett. 45(5), 280–281 (2009).
[CrossRef]

M. Galili, J. Xu, H. C. Mulvad, L. K. Oxenløwe, A. T. Clausen, P. Jeppesen, B. Luther-Davies, S. Madden, A. Rode, D.-Y. Choi, M. Pelusi, F. Luan, and B. J. Eggleton, “Breakthrough switching speed with an all-optical chalcogenide glass chip: 640 Gbit/s demultiplexing,” Opt. Express 17(4), 2182–2187 (2009), http://www.opticsinfobase.org/oe/abstract.cfm?URI=oe-17-4-2182 .
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

R. Salem, M. A. Foster, A. C. Turner-Foster, D. F. Geraghty, M. Lipson, and A. L. Gaeta, “High-speed optical sampling using a silicon-chip temporal magnifier,” Opt. Express 17(6), 4324–4329 (2009), http://www.opticsinfobase.org/oe/abstract.cfm?URI=oe-17-6-4324 .
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Y. Okawachi, R. Salem, M. A. Foster, A. C. Turner-Foster, M. Lipson, and A. L. Gaeta, “High-resolution spectroscopy using a frequency magnifier,” Opt. Express 17(7), 5691–5697 (2009), http://www.opticsinfobase.org/oe/abstract.cfm?&uri=oe-17-7-5691 .
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

O. Kuzucu, Y. Okawachi, R. Salem, M. A. Foster, A. C. Turner-Foster, M. Lipson, and A. L. Gaeta, “Spectral phase conjugation via temporal imaging,” Opt. Express 17(22), 20605–20614 (2009), http://www.opticsinfobase.org/oe/abstract.cfm?URI=oe-17-22-20605 .
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

2008 (2)

R. Salem, M. A. Foster, A. C. Turner, D. F. Geraghty, M. Lipson, and A. L. Gaeta, “Optical time lens based on four-wave mixing on a silicon chip,” Opt. Lett. 33(10), 1047–1049 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

M. A. Foster, R. Salem, D. F. Geraghty, A. C. Turner-Foster, M. Lipson, and A. L. Gaeta, “Silicon-chip-based ultrafast optical oscilloscope,” Nature 456(7218), 81–84 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

2007 (2)

M. D. Pelusi, V. G. Ta’eed, M. R. E. Lamont, S. Madden, D.-Y. Choi, B. Luther-Davies, and B. J. Eggleton, “Ultra-high nonlinear As2 S3 planar waveguide for 160-Gb/s optical time-division demultiplexing by four-wave mixing,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 19(19), 1496–1498 (2007).
[CrossRef]

V. Ta’eed, M. D. Pelusi, B. J. Eggleton, D.-Y. Choi, S. Madden, D. Bulla, and B. Luther-Davies, “Broadband wavelength conversion at 40 Gb/s using long serpentine As(2)S(3) planar waveguides,” Opt. Express 15(23), 15047–15052 (2007), http://www.opticsinfobase.org/oe/abstract.cfm?&uri=oe-15-23-15047 .
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

2006 (4)

J. van Howe and C. Xu, “Ultrafast optical signal processing based upon space-time dualities,” J. Lightwave Technol. 24(7), 2649–2662 (2006).
[CrossRef]

P. J. Almeida, P. Petropoulos, F. Parmigiani, M. Ibsen, and D. J. Richardson, “OTDM add-drop multiplexer based on time-frequency signal processing,” J. Lightwave Technol. 24(7), 2720–2732 (2006).
[CrossRef]

H. G. Weber, S. Ferber, M. Kroh, C. Schmidt-Langhorst, R. Ludwig, V. Marembert, C. Boerner, F. Futami, S. Watanabe, and C. Schubert, “Single channel 1.28 Tbit/s and 2.56 Tbit/s DQPSK transmission,” Electron. Lett. 42(3), 178–179 (2006).
[CrossRef]

M. A. Foster, A. C. Turner, J. E. Sharping, B. S. Schmidt, M. Lipson, and A. L. Gaeta, “Broad-band optical parametric gain on a silicon photonic chip,” Nature 441(7096), 960–963 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

2005 (1)

2004 (1)

T. Morioka, “Ultrafast and wideband all-optical processing technologies towards flexible photonic networks,” Opt. Rev. 11(3), 153–161 (2004).
[CrossRef]

2002 (1)

K. Uchiyama, H. Takara, K. Mori, and T. Morioka, “160 Gbit/s all-optical time-division demultiplexing utilizing modified multiple-output OTDM demultiplexer (MOXIC),” Electron. Lett. 38(20), 1190–1191 (2002).
[CrossRef]

2001 (1)

H. Sotobayashi, W. Chujo, and T. Ozeki, “80Gbit/s simultaneous photonic demultiplexing based on OTDM-to-WDM conversion by four-wave mixing with supercontinuum light source,” Electron. Lett. 37, 640–641 (2001).
[CrossRef]

1999 (1)

1998 (2)

K. Uchiyama, S. Kawanishi, and M. Saruwatari, “100-Gb/s multiple-channel output all-optical OTDM demultiplexing using multichannel four-wave mixing in a semiconductor optical amplifier,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 10(6), 890–892 (1998).
[CrossRef]

M. Nakazawa, E. Yoshida, T. Yamamoto, E. Yamada, and A. Sahara, “TDM single channel 640Gbit/s transmission experiment over 60km using 400fs pulse train and walk-off free dispersion flattened nonlinear optical loop mirror,” Electron. Lett. 34(9), 907–908 (1998).
[CrossRef]

1996 (2)

T. Morioka, H. Takara, S. Kawanishi, T. Kitoh, and M. Saruwatari, “Error-free 500Gbit/s all-optical demultiplexing using low-noise, low-jitter supercontinuum short pulses,” Electron. Lett. 32(9), 833–834 (1996).
[CrossRef]

K. Uchiyama, H. Takara, T. Morioka, S. Kawanishi, and M. Saruwatari, “100Gbit/s multiple-channel output all-optical demultiplexing based on TDM-WDM conversion in a nonlinear optical loop mirror,” Electron. Lett. 32(21), 1989–1990 (1996).
[CrossRef]

1994 (4)

J. P. R. Lacey, M. V. Chan, R. S. Tucker, A. J. Lowery, and M. A. Summerfield, “All-optical WDM to TDM transmultiplexer,” Electron. Lett. 30(19), 1612–1613 (1994).
[CrossRef]

T. Morioka, S. Kawanishi, H. Takara, and M. Saruwatari, “Multiple-output, 100 Gbit/s all-optical demultiplexer based on multichannel four-wave mixing pumped by a linearly-chirped square pulse,” Electron. Lett. 30(23), 1959–1960 (1994).
[CrossRef]

B. H. Kolner, “Space-time duality and the theory of temporal imaging,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 30(8), 1951–1963 (1994).
[CrossRef]

M. T. Kauffman, W. C. Banyai, A. A. Godil, and D. M. Bloom, “Time-to-frequency converter for measuring picosecond optical pulses,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 64(3), 270–272 (1994).
[CrossRef]

Alic, N.

Almeida, P. J.

Banyai, W. C.

M. T. Kauffman, W. C. Banyai, A. A. Godil, and D. M. Bloom, “Time-to-frequency converter for measuring picosecond optical pulses,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 64(3), 270–272 (1994).
[CrossRef]

Bennett, C. V.

Bloom, D. M.

M. T. Kauffman, W. C. Banyai, A. A. Godil, and D. M. Bloom, “Time-to-frequency converter for measuring picosecond optical pulses,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 64(3), 270–272 (1994).
[CrossRef]

Boerner, C.

H. G. Weber, S. Ferber, M. Kroh, C. Schmidt-Langhorst, R. Ludwig, V. Marembert, C. Boerner, F. Futami, S. Watanabe, and C. Schubert, “Single channel 1.28 Tbit/s and 2.56 Tbit/s DQPSK transmission,” Electron. Lett. 42(3), 178–179 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Bogoni, A.

X. Wu, A. Bogoni, S. R. Nuccio, O. F. Yilmaz, M. Scaffardi, and A. E. Willner, “High-Speed Optical WDM-to-TDM Conversion Using Fiber Nonlinearities,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 16(5), 1441–1447 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Bres, C.-S.

Bulla, D.

Bulla, D. A. P.

Chan, M. V.

J. P. R. Lacey, M. V. Chan, R. S. Tucker, A. J. Lowery, and M. A. Summerfield, “All-optical WDM to TDM transmultiplexer,” Electron. Lett. 30(19), 1612–1613 (1994).
[CrossRef]

Chavez-Boggio, J. M.

Choi, D.-Y.

Chujo, W.

H. Sotobayashi, W. Chujo, and T. Ozeki, “80Gbit/s simultaneous photonic demultiplexing based on OTDM-to-WDM conversion by four-wave mixing with supercontinuum light source,” Electron. Lett. 37, 640–641 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Clausen, A. T.

Densmore, A.

Eggleton, B. J.

Ferber, S.

H. G. Weber, S. Ferber, M. Kroh, C. Schmidt-Langhorst, R. Ludwig, V. Marembert, C. Boerner, F. Futami, S. Watanabe, and C. Schubert, “Single channel 1.28 Tbit/s and 2.56 Tbit/s DQPSK transmission,” Electron. Lett. 42(3), 178–179 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Foster, M. A.

A. C. Turner-Foster, M. A. Foster, R. Salem, A. L. Gaeta, and M. Lipson, “Frequency conversion over two-thirds of an octave in silicon nanowaveguides,” Opt. Express 18(3), 1904–1908 (2010), http://www.opticsinfobase.org/oe/abstract.cfm?URI=oe-18-3-1904 .
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Y. Okawachi, R. Salem, M. A. Foster, A. C. Turner-Foster, M. Lipson, and A. L. Gaeta, “High-resolution spectroscopy using a frequency magnifier,” Opt. Express 17(7), 5691–5697 (2009), http://www.opticsinfobase.org/oe/abstract.cfm?&uri=oe-17-7-5691 .
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

O. Kuzucu, Y. Okawachi, R. Salem, M. A. Foster, A. C. Turner-Foster, M. Lipson, and A. L. Gaeta, “Spectral phase conjugation via temporal imaging,” Opt. Express 17(22), 20605–20614 (2009), http://www.opticsinfobase.org/oe/abstract.cfm?URI=oe-17-22-20605 .
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

R. Salem, M. A. Foster, A. C. Turner-Foster, D. F. Geraghty, M. Lipson, and A. L. Gaeta, “High-speed optical sampling using a silicon-chip temporal magnifier,” Opt. Express 17(6), 4324–4329 (2009), http://www.opticsinfobase.org/oe/abstract.cfm?URI=oe-17-6-4324 .
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

M. A. Foster, R. Salem, Y. Okawachi, A. C. Turner-Foster, M. Lipson, and A. L. Gaeta, “Ultrafast waveform compression using a time-domain telescope,” Nat. Photonics 3(10), 581–585 (2009).
[CrossRef]

R. Salem, M. A. Foster, A. C. Turner, D. F. Geraghty, M. Lipson, and A. L. Gaeta, “Optical time lens based on four-wave mixing on a silicon chip,” Opt. Lett. 33(10), 1047–1049 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

M. A. Foster, R. Salem, D. F. Geraghty, A. C. Turner-Foster, M. Lipson, and A. L. Gaeta, “Silicon-chip-based ultrafast optical oscilloscope,” Nature 456(7218), 81–84 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

M. A. Foster, A. C. Turner, J. E. Sharping, B. S. Schmidt, M. Lipson, and A. L. Gaeta, “Broad-band optical parametric gain on a silicon photonic chip,” Nature 441(7096), 960–963 (2006).
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H. G. Weber, S. Ferber, M. Kroh, C. Schmidt-Langhorst, R. Ludwig, V. Marembert, C. Boerner, F. Futami, S. Watanabe, and C. Schubert, “Single channel 1.28 Tbit/s and 2.56 Tbit/s DQPSK transmission,” Electron. Lett. 42(3), 178–179 (2006).
[CrossRef]

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A. C. Turner-Foster, M. A. Foster, R. Salem, A. L. Gaeta, and M. Lipson, “Frequency conversion over two-thirds of an octave in silicon nanowaveguides,” Opt. Express 18(3), 1904–1908 (2010), http://www.opticsinfobase.org/oe/abstract.cfm?URI=oe-18-3-1904 .
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

O. Kuzucu, Y. Okawachi, R. Salem, M. A. Foster, A. C. Turner-Foster, M. Lipson, and A. L. Gaeta, “Spectral phase conjugation via temporal imaging,” Opt. Express 17(22), 20605–20614 (2009), http://www.opticsinfobase.org/oe/abstract.cfm?URI=oe-17-22-20605 .
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Y. Okawachi, R. Salem, M. A. Foster, A. C. Turner-Foster, M. Lipson, and A. L. Gaeta, “High-resolution spectroscopy using a frequency magnifier,” Opt. Express 17(7), 5691–5697 (2009), http://www.opticsinfobase.org/oe/abstract.cfm?&uri=oe-17-7-5691 .
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R. Salem, M. A. Foster, A. C. Turner-Foster, D. F. Geraghty, M. Lipson, and A. L. Gaeta, “High-speed optical sampling using a silicon-chip temporal magnifier,” Opt. Express 17(6), 4324–4329 (2009), http://www.opticsinfobase.org/oe/abstract.cfm?URI=oe-17-6-4324 .
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

M. A. Foster, R. Salem, Y. Okawachi, A. C. Turner-Foster, M. Lipson, and A. L. Gaeta, “Ultrafast waveform compression using a time-domain telescope,” Nat. Photonics 3(10), 581–585 (2009).
[CrossRef]

R. Salem, M. A. Foster, A. C. Turner, D. F. Geraghty, M. Lipson, and A. L. Gaeta, “Optical time lens based on four-wave mixing on a silicon chip,” Opt. Lett. 33(10), 1047–1049 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

M. A. Foster, R. Salem, D. F. Geraghty, A. C. Turner-Foster, M. Lipson, and A. L. Gaeta, “Silicon-chip-based ultrafast optical oscilloscope,” Nature 456(7218), 81–84 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

M. A. Foster, A. C. Turner, J. E. Sharping, B. S. Schmidt, M. Lipson, and A. L. Gaeta, “Broad-band optical parametric gain on a silicon photonic chip,” Nature 441(7096), 960–963 (2006).
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H. Ji, M. Pu, H. Hu, M. Galili, L. K. Oxenlowe, K. Yvind, J. M. Hvam, and P. Jeppesen, “Optical waveform sampling and error-free demultiplexing of 1.28 Tb/s serial data in a nanoengineered silicon waveguide,” J. Lightwave Technol. 29(4), 426–431 (2011).
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T. D. Vo, H. Hu, M. Galili, E. Palushani, J. Xu, L. K. Oxenløwe, S. J. Madden, D.-Y. Choi, D. A. P. Bulla, M. D. Pelusi, J. Schröder, B. Luther-Davies, and B. J. Eggleton, “Photonic chip based transmitter optimization and receiver demultiplexing of a 1.28 Tbit/s OTDM signal,” Opt. Express 18(16), 17252–17261 (2010), http://www.opticsinfobase.org/oe/abstract.cfm?URI=oe-18-16-17252 .
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H. C. Hansen Mulvad, L. K. Oxenløwe, M. Galili, A. T. Clausen, L. Gruner-Nielsen, and P. Jeppesen, “1.28 Tbit/s single-polarisation serial OOK optical data generation and demultiplexing,” Electron. Lett. 45(5), 280–281 (2009).
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M. Galili, J. Xu, H. C. Mulvad, L. K. Oxenløwe, A. T. Clausen, P. Jeppesen, B. Luther-Davies, S. Madden, A. Rode, D.-Y. Choi, M. Pelusi, F. Luan, and B. J. Eggleton, “Breakthrough switching speed with an all-optical chalcogenide glass chip: 640 Gbit/s demultiplexing,” Opt. Express 17(4), 2182–2187 (2009), http://www.opticsinfobase.org/oe/abstract.cfm?URI=oe-17-4-2182 .
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H. C. Hansen Mulvad, L. K. Oxenløwe, M. Galili, A. T. Clausen, L. Gruner-Nielsen, and P. Jeppesen, “1.28 Tbit/s single-polarisation serial OOK optical data generation and demultiplexing,” Electron. Lett. 45(5), 280–281 (2009).
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Hansen Mulvad, H. C.

H. C. Hansen Mulvad, L. K. Oxenløwe, M. Galili, A. T. Clausen, L. Gruner-Nielsen, and P. Jeppesen, “1.28 Tbit/s single-polarisation serial OOK optical data generation and demultiplexing,” Electron. Lett. 45(5), 280–281 (2009).
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M. T. Kauffman, W. C. Banyai, A. A. Godil, and D. M. Bloom, “Time-to-frequency converter for measuring picosecond optical pulses,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 64(3), 270–272 (1994).
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K. Uchiyama, S. Kawanishi, and M. Saruwatari, “100-Gb/s multiple-channel output all-optical OTDM demultiplexing using multichannel four-wave mixing in a semiconductor optical amplifier,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 10(6), 890–892 (1998).
[CrossRef]

K. Uchiyama, H. Takara, T. Morioka, S. Kawanishi, and M. Saruwatari, “100Gbit/s multiple-channel output all-optical demultiplexing based on TDM-WDM conversion in a nonlinear optical loop mirror,” Electron. Lett. 32(21), 1989–1990 (1996).
[CrossRef]

T. Morioka, H. Takara, S. Kawanishi, T. Kitoh, and M. Saruwatari, “Error-free 500Gbit/s all-optical demultiplexing using low-noise, low-jitter supercontinuum short pulses,” Electron. Lett. 32(9), 833–834 (1996).
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T. Morioka, S. Kawanishi, H. Takara, and M. Saruwatari, “Multiple-output, 100 Gbit/s all-optical demultiplexer based on multichannel four-wave mixing pumped by a linearly-chirped square pulse,” Electron. Lett. 30(23), 1959–1960 (1994).
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T. Morioka, H. Takara, S. Kawanishi, T. Kitoh, and M. Saruwatari, “Error-free 500Gbit/s all-optical demultiplexing using low-noise, low-jitter supercontinuum short pulses,” Electron. Lett. 32(9), 833–834 (1996).
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Kuo, B. P.-P.

Kuzucu, O.

Lacey, J. P. R.

J. P. R. Lacey, M. V. Chan, R. S. Tucker, A. J. Lowery, and M. A. Summerfield, “All-optical WDM to TDM transmultiplexer,” Electron. Lett. 30(19), 1612–1613 (1994).
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M. D. Pelusi, V. G. Ta’eed, M. R. E. Lamont, S. Madden, D.-Y. Choi, B. Luther-Davies, and B. J. Eggleton, “Ultra-high nonlinear As2 S3 planar waveguide for 160-Gb/s optical time-division demultiplexing by four-wave mixing,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 19(19), 1496–1498 (2007).
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Lee, K. J.

Li, F.

Lipson, M.

A. C. Turner-Foster, M. A. Foster, R. Salem, A. L. Gaeta, and M. Lipson, “Frequency conversion over two-thirds of an octave in silicon nanowaveguides,” Opt. Express 18(3), 1904–1908 (2010), http://www.opticsinfobase.org/oe/abstract.cfm?URI=oe-18-3-1904 .
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Y. Okawachi, R. Salem, M. A. Foster, A. C. Turner-Foster, M. Lipson, and A. L. Gaeta, “High-resolution spectroscopy using a frequency magnifier,” Opt. Express 17(7), 5691–5697 (2009), http://www.opticsinfobase.org/oe/abstract.cfm?&uri=oe-17-7-5691 .
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

O. Kuzucu, Y. Okawachi, R. Salem, M. A. Foster, A. C. Turner-Foster, M. Lipson, and A. L. Gaeta, “Spectral phase conjugation via temporal imaging,” Opt. Express 17(22), 20605–20614 (2009), http://www.opticsinfobase.org/oe/abstract.cfm?URI=oe-17-22-20605 .
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

R. Salem, M. A. Foster, A. C. Turner-Foster, D. F. Geraghty, M. Lipson, and A. L. Gaeta, “High-speed optical sampling using a silicon-chip temporal magnifier,” Opt. Express 17(6), 4324–4329 (2009), http://www.opticsinfobase.org/oe/abstract.cfm?URI=oe-17-6-4324 .
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

M. A. Foster, R. Salem, Y. Okawachi, A. C. Turner-Foster, M. Lipson, and A. L. Gaeta, “Ultrafast waveform compression using a time-domain telescope,” Nat. Photonics 3(10), 581–585 (2009).
[CrossRef]

R. Salem, M. A. Foster, A. C. Turner, D. F. Geraghty, M. Lipson, and A. L. Gaeta, “Optical time lens based on four-wave mixing on a silicon chip,” Opt. Lett. 33(10), 1047–1049 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

M. A. Foster, R. Salem, D. F. Geraghty, A. C. Turner-Foster, M. Lipson, and A. L. Gaeta, “Silicon-chip-based ultrafast optical oscilloscope,” Nature 456(7218), 81–84 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

M. A. Foster, A. C. Turner, J. E. Sharping, B. S. Schmidt, M. Lipson, and A. L. Gaeta, “Broad-band optical parametric gain on a silicon photonic chip,” Nature 441(7096), 960–963 (2006).
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Liu, S.

Lowery, A. J.

J. P. R. Lacey, M. V. Chan, R. S. Tucker, A. J. Lowery, and M. A. Summerfield, “All-optical WDM to TDM transmultiplexer,” Electron. Lett. 30(19), 1612–1613 (1994).
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Ludwig, R.

H. G. Weber, S. Ferber, M. Kroh, C. Schmidt-Langhorst, R. Ludwig, V. Marembert, C. Boerner, F. Futami, S. Watanabe, and C. Schubert, “Single channel 1.28 Tbit/s and 2.56 Tbit/s DQPSK transmission,” Electron. Lett. 42(3), 178–179 (2006).
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Ma, R.

Madden, S.

Madden, S. J.

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H. G. Weber, S. Ferber, M. Kroh, C. Schmidt-Langhorst, R. Ludwig, V. Marembert, C. Boerner, F. Futami, S. Watanabe, and C. Schubert, “Single channel 1.28 Tbit/s and 2.56 Tbit/s DQPSK transmission,” Electron. Lett. 42(3), 178–179 (2006).
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Mori, K.

K. Uchiyama, H. Takara, K. Mori, and T. Morioka, “160 Gbit/s all-optical time-division demultiplexing utilizing modified multiple-output OTDM demultiplexer (MOXIC),” Electron. Lett. 38(20), 1190–1191 (2002).
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T. Morioka, “Ultrafast and wideband all-optical processing technologies towards flexible photonic networks,” Opt. Rev. 11(3), 153–161 (2004).
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K. Uchiyama, H. Takara, K. Mori, and T. Morioka, “160 Gbit/s all-optical time-division demultiplexing utilizing modified multiple-output OTDM demultiplexer (MOXIC),” Electron. Lett. 38(20), 1190–1191 (2002).
[CrossRef]

T. Morioka, H. Takara, S. Kawanishi, T. Kitoh, and M. Saruwatari, “Error-free 500Gbit/s all-optical demultiplexing using low-noise, low-jitter supercontinuum short pulses,” Electron. Lett. 32(9), 833–834 (1996).
[CrossRef]

K. Uchiyama, H. Takara, T. Morioka, S. Kawanishi, and M. Saruwatari, “100Gbit/s multiple-channel output all-optical demultiplexing based on TDM-WDM conversion in a nonlinear optical loop mirror,” Electron. Lett. 32(21), 1989–1990 (1996).
[CrossRef]

T. Morioka, S. Kawanishi, H. Takara, and M. Saruwatari, “Multiple-output, 100 Gbit/s all-optical demultiplexer based on multichannel four-wave mixing pumped by a linearly-chirped square pulse,” Electron. Lett. 30(23), 1959–1960 (1994).
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Mulvad, H. C.

Mulvad, H. C. H.

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M. Nakazawa and T. Hirooka, “Distortion-free optical transmission using time-domain optical Fourier transformation and transform-limited optical pulses,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 22(9), 1842–1855 (2005).
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M. Nakazawa, E. Yoshida, T. Yamamoto, E. Yamada, and A. Sahara, “TDM single channel 640Gbit/s transmission experiment over 60km using 400fs pulse train and walk-off free dispersion flattened nonlinear optical loop mirror,” Electron. Lett. 34(9), 907–908 (1998).
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Nuccio, S. R.

X. Wu, A. Bogoni, S. R. Nuccio, O. F. Yilmaz, M. Scaffardi, and A. E. Willner, “High-Speed Optical WDM-to-TDM Conversion Using Fiber Nonlinearities,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 16(5), 1441–1447 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Okawachi, Y.

Oxenlowe, L. K.

Oxenløwe, L. K.

Ozeki, T.

H. Sotobayashi, W. Chujo, and T. Ozeki, “80Gbit/s simultaneous photonic demultiplexing based on OTDM-to-WDM conversion by four-wave mixing with supercontinuum light source,” Electron. Lett. 37, 640–641 (2001).
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Palushani, E.

Parmigiani, F.

Pelusi, M.

Pelusi, M. D.

Petropoulos, P.

Peucheret, C.

Pu, M.

Radic, S.

Richardson, D. J.

Rode, A.

Sahara, A.

M. Nakazawa, E. Yoshida, T. Yamamoto, E. Yamada, and A. Sahara, “TDM single channel 640Gbit/s transmission experiment over 60km using 400fs pulse train and walk-off free dispersion flattened nonlinear optical loop mirror,” Electron. Lett. 34(9), 907–908 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Salem, R.

A. C. Turner-Foster, M. A. Foster, R. Salem, A. L. Gaeta, and M. Lipson, “Frequency conversion over two-thirds of an octave in silicon nanowaveguides,” Opt. Express 18(3), 1904–1908 (2010), http://www.opticsinfobase.org/oe/abstract.cfm?URI=oe-18-3-1904 .
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

O. Kuzucu, Y. Okawachi, R. Salem, M. A. Foster, A. C. Turner-Foster, M. Lipson, and A. L. Gaeta, “Spectral phase conjugation via temporal imaging,” Opt. Express 17(22), 20605–20614 (2009), http://www.opticsinfobase.org/oe/abstract.cfm?URI=oe-17-22-20605 .
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Y. Okawachi, R. Salem, M. A. Foster, A. C. Turner-Foster, M. Lipson, and A. L. Gaeta, “High-resolution spectroscopy using a frequency magnifier,” Opt. Express 17(7), 5691–5697 (2009), http://www.opticsinfobase.org/oe/abstract.cfm?&uri=oe-17-7-5691 .
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

R. Salem, M. A. Foster, A. C. Turner-Foster, D. F. Geraghty, M. Lipson, and A. L. Gaeta, “High-speed optical sampling using a silicon-chip temporal magnifier,” Opt. Express 17(6), 4324–4329 (2009), http://www.opticsinfobase.org/oe/abstract.cfm?URI=oe-17-6-4324 .
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

M. A. Foster, R. Salem, Y. Okawachi, A. C. Turner-Foster, M. Lipson, and A. L. Gaeta, “Ultrafast waveform compression using a time-domain telescope,” Nat. Photonics 3(10), 581–585 (2009).
[CrossRef]

R. Salem, M. A. Foster, A. C. Turner, D. F. Geraghty, M. Lipson, and A. L. Gaeta, “Optical time lens based on four-wave mixing on a silicon chip,” Opt. Lett. 33(10), 1047–1049 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

M. A. Foster, R. Salem, D. F. Geraghty, A. C. Turner-Foster, M. Lipson, and A. L. Gaeta, “Silicon-chip-based ultrafast optical oscilloscope,” Nature 456(7218), 81–84 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Saruwatari, M.

K. Uchiyama, S. Kawanishi, and M. Saruwatari, “100-Gb/s multiple-channel output all-optical OTDM demultiplexing using multichannel four-wave mixing in a semiconductor optical amplifier,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 10(6), 890–892 (1998).
[CrossRef]

K. Uchiyama, H. Takara, T. Morioka, S. Kawanishi, and M. Saruwatari, “100Gbit/s multiple-channel output all-optical demultiplexing based on TDM-WDM conversion in a nonlinear optical loop mirror,” Electron. Lett. 32(21), 1989–1990 (1996).
[CrossRef]

T. Morioka, H. Takara, S. Kawanishi, T. Kitoh, and M. Saruwatari, “Error-free 500Gbit/s all-optical demultiplexing using low-noise, low-jitter supercontinuum short pulses,” Electron. Lett. 32(9), 833–834 (1996).
[CrossRef]

T. Morioka, S. Kawanishi, H. Takara, and M. Saruwatari, “Multiple-output, 100 Gbit/s all-optical demultiplexer based on multichannel four-wave mixing pumped by a linearly-chirped square pulse,” Electron. Lett. 30(23), 1959–1960 (1994).
[CrossRef]

Scaffardi, M.

X. Wu, A. Bogoni, S. R. Nuccio, O. F. Yilmaz, M. Scaffardi, and A. E. Willner, “High-Speed Optical WDM-to-TDM Conversion Using Fiber Nonlinearities,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 16(5), 1441–1447 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Schmidt, B. S.

M. A. Foster, A. C. Turner, J. E. Sharping, B. S. Schmidt, M. Lipson, and A. L. Gaeta, “Broad-band optical parametric gain on a silicon photonic chip,” Nature 441(7096), 960–963 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Schmidt-Langhorst, C.

H. G. Weber, S. Ferber, M. Kroh, C. Schmidt-Langhorst, R. Ludwig, V. Marembert, C. Boerner, F. Futami, S. Watanabe, and C. Schubert, “Single channel 1.28 Tbit/s and 2.56 Tbit/s DQPSK transmission,” Electron. Lett. 42(3), 178–179 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Schröder, J.

Schubert, C.

H. G. Weber, S. Ferber, M. Kroh, C. Schmidt-Langhorst, R. Ludwig, V. Marembert, C. Boerner, F. Futami, S. Watanabe, and C. Schubert, “Single channel 1.28 Tbit/s and 2.56 Tbit/s DQPSK transmission,” Electron. Lett. 42(3), 178–179 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Sharping, J. E.

M. A. Foster, A. C. Turner, J. E. Sharping, B. S. Schmidt, M. Lipson, and A. L. Gaeta, “Broad-band optical parametric gain on a silicon photonic chip,” Nature 441(7096), 960–963 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Sotobayashi, H.

H. Sotobayashi, W. Chujo, and T. Ozeki, “80Gbit/s simultaneous photonic demultiplexing based on OTDM-to-WDM conversion by four-wave mixing with supercontinuum light source,” Electron. Lett. 37, 640–641 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Summerfield, M. A.

J. P. R. Lacey, M. V. Chan, R. S. Tucker, A. J. Lowery, and M. A. Summerfield, “All-optical WDM to TDM transmultiplexer,” Electron. Lett. 30(19), 1612–1613 (1994).
[CrossRef]

Ta’eed, V.

Ta’eed, V. G.

M. D. Pelusi, V. G. Ta’eed, M. R. E. Lamont, S. Madden, D.-Y. Choi, B. Luther-Davies, and B. J. Eggleton, “Ultra-high nonlinear As2 S3 planar waveguide for 160-Gb/s optical time-division demultiplexing by four-wave mixing,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 19(19), 1496–1498 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Takara, H.

K. Uchiyama, H. Takara, K. Mori, and T. Morioka, “160 Gbit/s all-optical time-division demultiplexing utilizing modified multiple-output OTDM demultiplexer (MOXIC),” Electron. Lett. 38(20), 1190–1191 (2002).
[CrossRef]

T. Morioka, H. Takara, S. Kawanishi, T. Kitoh, and M. Saruwatari, “Error-free 500Gbit/s all-optical demultiplexing using low-noise, low-jitter supercontinuum short pulses,” Electron. Lett. 32(9), 833–834 (1996).
[CrossRef]

K. Uchiyama, H. Takara, T. Morioka, S. Kawanishi, and M. Saruwatari, “100Gbit/s multiple-channel output all-optical demultiplexing based on TDM-WDM conversion in a nonlinear optical loop mirror,” Electron. Lett. 32(21), 1989–1990 (1996).
[CrossRef]

T. Morioka, S. Kawanishi, H. Takara, and M. Saruwatari, “Multiple-output, 100 Gbit/s all-optical demultiplexer based on multichannel four-wave mixing pumped by a linearly-chirped square pulse,” Electron. Lett. 30(23), 1959–1960 (1994).
[CrossRef]

Tucker, R. S.

J. P. R. Lacey, M. V. Chan, R. S. Tucker, A. J. Lowery, and M. A. Summerfield, “All-optical WDM to TDM transmultiplexer,” Electron. Lett. 30(19), 1612–1613 (1994).
[CrossRef]

Turner, A. C.

R. Salem, M. A. Foster, A. C. Turner, D. F. Geraghty, M. Lipson, and A. L. Gaeta, “Optical time lens based on four-wave mixing on a silicon chip,” Opt. Lett. 33(10), 1047–1049 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

M. A. Foster, A. C. Turner, J. E. Sharping, B. S. Schmidt, M. Lipson, and A. L. Gaeta, “Broad-band optical parametric gain on a silicon photonic chip,” Nature 441(7096), 960–963 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Turner-Foster, A. C.

A. C. Turner-Foster, M. A. Foster, R. Salem, A. L. Gaeta, and M. Lipson, “Frequency conversion over two-thirds of an octave in silicon nanowaveguides,” Opt. Express 18(3), 1904–1908 (2010), http://www.opticsinfobase.org/oe/abstract.cfm?URI=oe-18-3-1904 .
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

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Figures (9)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1

Spatial and temporal Fourier processors. A spatial Fourier processor with focal length (f) is analogous to a temporal Fourier processor with dispersive focal length (β 2*L) to perform an all-optical Fourier Transform.

Fig. 2
Fig. 2

Time lens transmultiplexer design. After suitable dispersion, a 1.28-Tb/s TDM signal is mixed with a 10-GHz pump in a single device yielding full demultiplexing to 128x10-Gb/s WDM channels

Fig. 3
Fig. 3

WDM output eye diagram for conversion from a 160 Gb/s TDM channel to 16-10 Gb/s WDM channels with 100-GHz channel spacing using the approach of Morioka et al. [28].

Fig. 4
Fig. 4

WDM output eye diagrams with each 10-Gb/s WDM channel overlayed. Three adjacent bits are shown with time relative to the center bit for input OTDM data rates of (a) 160-Gb/s, (b) 320-Gb/s, (c) 640-Gb/s, (d) 1.28-Tb/s

Fig. 5
Fig. 5

Generated WDM output spectrum with 100 GHz channel spacing for input OTDM data rates of (a)160 Gb/s, (b) 320 Gb/s, (c) 640 Gb/s, (d) 1.28 Tb/s

Fig. 6
Fig. 6

Spectrogram plots after initial dispersion for time lens pump pulses with (a) Gaussian and (b) super-Gaussian spectral shapes.

Fig. 7
Fig. 7

1.28 Tb/s TDM→WDM operation using a Gaussian spectrum for the pump pulse. Nondegenerate FWM occurs in the large regions of temporal overlap between the dispersed pump pulses and leads to the observed distortions between bits.

Fig. 8
Fig. 8

WDM to TDM conversion with the time lens transmultiplexer. After suitable dispersion, 128 10-Gb/s WDM channels are mixed with a 10-GHz pump in a single device yielding full multiplexing to 1.28-Tb/s TDM signal.

Fig. 9
Fig. 9

Output eye diagrams for conversion from WDM to TDM using the transmultiplexer. Three adjacent bits are shown with time relative to the center bit for the data rates (a) 160 Gb/s, (b) 320 Gb/s, (c) 640 Gb/s, and (d) 1.28 Tb/s.

Tables (1)

Tables Icon

Table 1 Resource comparison of current methods for 1.28-Tb/s demultiplexing using FWM

Equations (2)

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Δ t Δ ω = | β 2 L | ,
L = | 1 2 π R Δ υ β 2 | ,

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