Abstract

We introduce the concept of a quantum pulse gate (QPG), a method for accessing the intrinsic broadband spectral mode structure of ultrafast quantum states of light. This mode structure can now be harnessed for applications in quantum information processing. We propose an implementation in a PPLN waveguide, based on spectrally engineered sum frequency generation (SFG). It allows us to pick well-defined spectral broadband modes from an ultrafast multi-mode state for interconversion to a broadband mode at another frequency. By pulse-shaping the bright SFG pump beam, different orthogonal broadband modes can be addressed individually and extracted with high fidelity.

© 2011 OSA

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    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
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    [CrossRef]
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    [CrossRef]
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    [CrossRef]
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    [CrossRef]
  34. A. Eckstein, A. Christ, P. J. Mosley, and C. Silberhorn, “Highly efficient single-pass source of pulsed single-mode twin beams of light,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 106, 013603 (2011).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  35. S. Tanzilli, W. Tittel, H. De Riedmatten, H. Zbinden, P. Baldi, M. DeMicheli, D. Ostrowsky, and N. Gisin, “PPLN waveguide for quantum communication,” Eur. Phys. J. D 18, 155–160 (2002).
    [CrossRef]

2011

D. Kielpinski, J. F. Corney, and H. M. Wiseman, “Quantum optical waveform conversion,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 106, 130501 (2011).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

C. Clausen, I. Usmani, F. Bussieres, N. Sangouard, M. Afzelius, H. D. Riedmatten, and N. Gisin, “Quantum storage of photonic entanglement in a crystal,” Nature 469, 508–511 (2011).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

E. Saglamyurek, N. Sinclair, J. Jin, J. A. Slater, D. Oblak, F. Bussieres, M. George, R. Ricken, W. Sohler, and W. Tittel, “Broadband waveguide quantum memory for entangled photons,” Nature 469, 512–515 (2011).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

A. Eckstein, A. Christ, P. J. Mosley, and C. Silberhorn, “Highly efficient single-pass source of pulsed single-mode twin beams of light,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 106, 013603 (2011).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

2010

M. Raymer, S. van Enk, C. McKinstrie, and H. McGuinness, “Interference of two photons of different color,” Opt. Comm. 283, 747–752 (2010).
[CrossRef]

A. M. Branczyk, T. C. Ralph, W. Helwig, and C. Silberhorn, “Optimized generation of heralded fock states using parametric down-conversion,” New J. Phys. 12, 063001 (2010).
[CrossRef]

H. J. McGuinness, M. G. Raymer, C. J. McKinstrie, and S. Radic, “Quantum frequency translation of single-photon states in a photonic crystal fiber,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 105, 093604 (2010).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

A. R. Dixon, Z. L. Yuan, J. F. Dynes, A. W. Sharpe, and A. J. Shields, “Continuous operation of high bit rate quantum key distribution,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 96, 161102 (2010).
[CrossRef]

2009

2008

P. J. Mosley, J. S. Lundeen, B. J. Smith, P. Wasylczyk, A. B. U’Ren, C. Silberhorn, and I. A. Walmsley, “Heralded generation of ultrafast single photons in pure quantum states,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 100, 133601 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

O. Kuzucu, F. N. C. Wong, S. Kurimura, and S. Tovstonog, “Joint temporal density measurements for two-photon state characterization,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 101, 153602 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

H. Takesue, “Erasing distinguishability using quantum frequency up-conversion,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 101, 173901 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

2007

A. P. VanDevender and P. G. Kwiat, “High-speed transparent switch via frequency upconversion,” Opt. Express 15, 4677–4683 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

P. P. Rohde, W. Mauerer, and C. Silberhorn, “Spectral structure and decompositions of optical states, and their applications,” New J. Phys. 9, 010091 (2007).
[CrossRef]

M. Lassen, V. Delaubert, J. Janousek, K. Wagner, H.-A. Bachor, P. K. Lam, N. Treps, P. Buchhave, C. Fabre, and C. C. Harb, “Tools for multimode quantum information: modulation, detection, and spatial quantum correlations,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 98, 083602 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

T. Yarnall, A. F. Abouraddy, B. E. A. Saleh, and M. C. Teich, “Synthesis and analysis of entangled photonic qubits in spatial-parity space,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 99, 250502 (2007).
[CrossRef]

2006

W. Wasilewski, A. I. Lvovsky, K. Banaszek, and C. Radzewicz, “Pulsed squeezed light: Simultaneous squeezing of multiple modes,” Phys. Rev. A 73, 063819 (2006).
[CrossRef]

2005

A. Pe’er, B. Dayan, A. A. Friesem, and Y. Silberberg, “Temporal shaping of entangled photons,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 94, 073601 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

A. B. U’Ren, C. Silberhorn, K. Banaszek, I. A. Walmsley, R. Erdmann, W. P. Grice, and M. G. Raymer, “Generation of pure-state single-photon wavepackets by conditional preparation based on spontaneous parametric downconversion,” Laser Phys. 15, 0611019 (2005).

S. Tanzilli, W. Tittel, M. Halder, O. Alibart, P. Baldi, N. Gisin, and H. Zbinden, “A photonic quantum information interface,” Nature 437, 116–120 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

2004

2003

M. Martinelli, N. Treps, S. Ducci, S. Gigan, A. Maître, and C. Fabre, “Experimental study of the spatial distribution of quantum correlations in a confocal optical parametric oscillator,” Phys. Rev. A 67, 023808 (2003).
[CrossRef]

N. Treps, N. Grosse, W. P. Bowen, C. Fabre, H.-A. Bachor, and P. K. Lam, “A quantum laser pointer,” Science 301, 940–943 (2003).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

2002

S. Tanzilli, W. Tittel, H. De Riedmatten, H. Zbinden, P. Baldi, M. DeMicheli, D. Ostrowsky, and N. Gisin, “PPLN waveguide for quantum communication,” Eur. Phys. J. D 18, 155–160 (2002).
[CrossRef]

J. Leach, M. J. Padgett, S. M. Barnett, S. Franke-Arnold, and J. Courtial, “Measuring the orbital angular momentum of a single photon,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 88, 257901 (2002).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

2001

W. P. Grice, A. B. U’Ren, and I. A. Walmsley, “Eliminating frequency and space-time correlations in multiphoton states,” Phys. Rev. A 64, 063815 (2001).
[CrossRef]

V. Giovannetti, S. Lloyd, and L. Maccone, “Quantum-enhanced positioning and clock synchronization,” Nature 412, 417–419 (2001).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

2000

C. K. Law, I. A. Walmsley, and J. H. Eberly, “Continuous frequency entanglement: effective finite Hilbert space and entropy control,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 84, 5304–5307 (2000).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

1997

W. P. Grice and I. A. Walmsley, “Spectral information and distinguishability in type-ii down-conversion with a broadband pump,” Phys. Rev. A 56, 1627–1634 (1997).
[CrossRef]

1987

S. Prasad, M. O. Scully, and W. Martienssen, “A quantum description of the beam splitter,” Opt. Comm. 62, 139–145 (1987).
[CrossRef]

1984

1983

1966

U. M. Titulaer and R. J. Glauber, “Density operators for coherent fields,” Phys. Rev. 145, 1041–1050 (1966).
[CrossRef]

Abouraddy, A. F.

T. Yarnall, A. F. Abouraddy, B. E. A. Saleh, and M. C. Teich, “Synthesis and analysis of entangled photonic qubits in spatial-parity space,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 99, 250502 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Afzelius, M.

C. Clausen, I. Usmani, F. Bussieres, N. Sangouard, M. Afzelius, H. D. Riedmatten, and N. Gisin, “Quantum storage of photonic entanglement in a crystal,” Nature 469, 508–511 (2011).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Albota, M. A.

Alibart, O.

S. Tanzilli, W. Tittel, M. Halder, O. Alibart, P. Baldi, N. Gisin, and H. Zbinden, “A photonic quantum information interface,” Nature 437, 116–120 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Bachor, H.-A.

M. Lassen, V. Delaubert, J. Janousek, K. Wagner, H.-A. Bachor, P. K. Lam, N. Treps, P. Buchhave, C. Fabre, and C. C. Harb, “Tools for multimode quantum information: modulation, detection, and spatial quantum correlations,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 98, 083602 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

N. Treps, N. Grosse, W. P. Bowen, C. Fabre, H.-A. Bachor, and P. K. Lam, “A quantum laser pointer,” Science 301, 940–943 (2003).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Baldi, P.

S. Tanzilli, W. Tittel, M. Halder, O. Alibart, P. Baldi, N. Gisin, and H. Zbinden, “A photonic quantum information interface,” Nature 437, 116–120 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

S. Tanzilli, W. Tittel, H. De Riedmatten, H. Zbinden, P. Baldi, M. DeMicheli, D. Ostrowsky, and N. Gisin, “PPLN waveguide for quantum communication,” Eur. Phys. J. D 18, 155–160 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Banaszek, K.

W. Wasilewski, A. I. Lvovsky, K. Banaszek, and C. Radzewicz, “Pulsed squeezed light: Simultaneous squeezing of multiple modes,” Phys. Rev. A 73, 063819 (2006).
[CrossRef]

A. B. U’Ren, C. Silberhorn, K. Banaszek, I. A. Walmsley, R. Erdmann, W. P. Grice, and M. G. Raymer, “Generation of pure-state single-photon wavepackets by conditional preparation based on spontaneous parametric downconversion,” Laser Phys. 15, 0611019 (2005).

Barnett, S. M.

J. Leach, M. J. Padgett, S. M. Barnett, S. Franke-Arnold, and J. Courtial, “Measuring the orbital angular momentum of a single photon,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 88, 257901 (2002).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Bowen, W. P.

N. Treps, N. Grosse, W. P. Bowen, C. Fabre, H.-A. Bachor, and P. K. Lam, “A quantum laser pointer,” Science 301, 940–943 (2003).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Branczyk, A. M.

A. M. Branczyk, T. C. Ralph, W. Helwig, and C. Silberhorn, “Optimized generation of heralded fock states using parametric down-conversion,” New J. Phys. 12, 063001 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Buchhave, P.

M. Lassen, V. Delaubert, J. Janousek, K. Wagner, H.-A. Bachor, P. K. Lam, N. Treps, P. Buchhave, C. Fabre, and C. C. Harb, “Tools for multimode quantum information: modulation, detection, and spatial quantum correlations,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 98, 083602 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Bussieres, F.

E. Saglamyurek, N. Sinclair, J. Jin, J. A. Slater, D. Oblak, F. Bussieres, M. George, R. Ricken, W. Sohler, and W. Tittel, “Broadband waveguide quantum memory for entangled photons,” Nature 469, 512–515 (2011).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

C. Clausen, I. Usmani, F. Bussieres, N. Sangouard, M. Afzelius, H. D. Riedmatten, and N. Gisin, “Quantum storage of photonic entanglement in a crystal,” Nature 469, 508–511 (2011).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Cassemiro, K. N.

Chan, V. W. S.

Christ, A.

A. Eckstein, A. Christ, P. J. Mosley, and C. Silberhorn, “Highly efficient single-pass source of pulsed single-mode twin beams of light,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 106, 013603 (2011).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Clausen, C.

C. Clausen, I. Usmani, F. Bussieres, N. Sangouard, M. Afzelius, H. D. Riedmatten, and N. Gisin, “Quantum storage of photonic entanglement in a crystal,” Nature 469, 508–511 (2011).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Corney, J. F.

D. Kielpinski, J. F. Corney, and H. M. Wiseman, “Quantum optical waveform conversion,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 106, 130501 (2011).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Courtial, J.

J. Leach, M. J. Padgett, S. M. Barnett, S. Franke-Arnold, and J. Courtial, “Measuring the orbital angular momentum of a single photon,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 88, 257901 (2002).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Dayan, B.

A. Pe’er, B. Dayan, A. A. Friesem, and Y. Silberberg, “Temporal shaping of entangled photons,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 94, 073601 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

De Riedmatten, H.

S. Tanzilli, W. Tittel, H. De Riedmatten, H. Zbinden, P. Baldi, M. DeMicheli, D. Ostrowsky, and N. Gisin, “PPLN waveguide for quantum communication,” Eur. Phys. J. D 18, 155–160 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Delaubert, V.

M. Lassen, V. Delaubert, J. Janousek, K. Wagner, H.-A. Bachor, P. K. Lam, N. Treps, P. Buchhave, C. Fabre, and C. C. Harb, “Tools for multimode quantum information: modulation, detection, and spatial quantum correlations,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 98, 083602 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

DeMicheli, M.

S. Tanzilli, W. Tittel, H. De Riedmatten, H. Zbinden, P. Baldi, M. DeMicheli, D. Ostrowsky, and N. Gisin, “PPLN waveguide for quantum communication,” Eur. Phys. J. D 18, 155–160 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Dixon, A. R.

A. R. Dixon, Z. L. Yuan, J. F. Dynes, A. W. Sharpe, and A. J. Shields, “Continuous operation of high bit rate quantum key distribution,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 96, 161102 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Ducci, S.

M. Martinelli, N. Treps, S. Ducci, S. Gigan, A. Maître, and C. Fabre, “Experimental study of the spatial distribution of quantum correlations in a confocal optical parametric oscillator,” Phys. Rev. A 67, 023808 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Dynes, J. F.

A. R. Dixon, Z. L. Yuan, J. F. Dynes, A. W. Sharpe, and A. J. Shields, “Continuous operation of high bit rate quantum key distribution,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 96, 161102 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Eberly, J. H.

C. K. Law, I. A. Walmsley, and J. H. Eberly, “Continuous frequency entanglement: effective finite Hilbert space and entropy control,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 84, 5304–5307 (2000).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Eckstein, A.

A. Eckstein, A. Christ, P. J. Mosley, and C. Silberhorn, “Highly efficient single-pass source of pulsed single-mode twin beams of light,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 106, 013603 (2011).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Erdmann, R.

A. B. U’Ren, C. Silberhorn, K. Banaszek, I. A. Walmsley, R. Erdmann, W. P. Grice, and M. G. Raymer, “Generation of pure-state single-photon wavepackets by conditional preparation based on spontaneous parametric downconversion,” Laser Phys. 15, 0611019 (2005).

Fabre, C.

M. Lassen, V. Delaubert, J. Janousek, K. Wagner, H.-A. Bachor, P. K. Lam, N. Treps, P. Buchhave, C. Fabre, and C. C. Harb, “Tools for multimode quantum information: modulation, detection, and spatial quantum correlations,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 98, 083602 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

N. Treps, N. Grosse, W. P. Bowen, C. Fabre, H.-A. Bachor, and P. K. Lam, “A quantum laser pointer,” Science 301, 940–943 (2003).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

M. Martinelli, N. Treps, S. Ducci, S. Gigan, A. Maître, and C. Fabre, “Experimental study of the spatial distribution of quantum correlations in a confocal optical parametric oscillator,” Phys. Rev. A 67, 023808 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Fejer, M. M.

Franke-Arnold, S.

J. Leach, M. J. Padgett, S. M. Barnett, S. Franke-Arnold, and J. Courtial, “Measuring the orbital angular momentum of a single photon,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 88, 257901 (2002).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Friesem, A. A.

A. Pe’er, B. Dayan, A. A. Friesem, and Y. Silberberg, “Temporal shaping of entangled photons,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 94, 073601 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

George, M.

E. Saglamyurek, N. Sinclair, J. Jin, J. A. Slater, D. Oblak, F. Bussieres, M. George, R. Ricken, W. Sohler, and W. Tittel, “Broadband waveguide quantum memory for entangled photons,” Nature 469, 512–515 (2011).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Gigan, S.

M. Martinelli, N. Treps, S. Ducci, S. Gigan, A. Maître, and C. Fabre, “Experimental study of the spatial distribution of quantum correlations in a confocal optical parametric oscillator,” Phys. Rev. A 67, 023808 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Giovannetti, V.

V. Giovannetti, S. Lloyd, and L. Maccone, “Quantum-enhanced positioning and clock synchronization,” Nature 412, 417–419 (2001).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Gisin, N.

C. Clausen, I. Usmani, F. Bussieres, N. Sangouard, M. Afzelius, H. D. Riedmatten, and N. Gisin, “Quantum storage of photonic entanglement in a crystal,” Nature 469, 508–511 (2011).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

S. Tanzilli, W. Tittel, M. Halder, O. Alibart, P. Baldi, N. Gisin, and H. Zbinden, “A photonic quantum information interface,” Nature 437, 116–120 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

S. Tanzilli, W. Tittel, H. De Riedmatten, H. Zbinden, P. Baldi, M. DeMicheli, D. Ostrowsky, and N. Gisin, “PPLN waveguide for quantum communication,” Eur. Phys. J. D 18, 155–160 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Glauber, R. J.

U. M. Titulaer and R. J. Glauber, “Density operators for coherent fields,” Phys. Rev. 145, 1041–1050 (1966).
[CrossRef]

Grice, W. P.

A. B. U’Ren, C. Silberhorn, K. Banaszek, I. A. Walmsley, R. Erdmann, W. P. Grice, and M. G. Raymer, “Generation of pure-state single-photon wavepackets by conditional preparation based on spontaneous parametric downconversion,” Laser Phys. 15, 0611019 (2005).

W. P. Grice, A. B. U’Ren, and I. A. Walmsley, “Eliminating frequency and space-time correlations in multiphoton states,” Phys. Rev. A 64, 063815 (2001).
[CrossRef]

W. P. Grice and I. A. Walmsley, “Spectral information and distinguishability in type-ii down-conversion with a broadband pump,” Phys. Rev. A 56, 1627–1634 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Grosse, N.

N. Treps, N. Grosse, W. P. Bowen, C. Fabre, H.-A. Bachor, and P. K. Lam, “A quantum laser pointer,” Science 301, 940–943 (2003).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Halder, M.

S. Tanzilli, W. Tittel, M. Halder, O. Alibart, P. Baldi, N. Gisin, and H. Zbinden, “A photonic quantum information interface,” Nature 437, 116–120 (2005).
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M. Lassen, V. Delaubert, J. Janousek, K. Wagner, H.-A. Bachor, P. K. Lam, N. Treps, P. Buchhave, C. Fabre, and C. C. Harb, “Tools for multimode quantum information: modulation, detection, and spatial quantum correlations,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 98, 083602 (2007).
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E. Saglamyurek, N. Sinclair, J. Jin, J. A. Slater, D. Oblak, F. Bussieres, M. George, R. Ricken, W. Sohler, and W. Tittel, “Broadband waveguide quantum memory for entangled photons,” Nature 469, 512–515 (2011).
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D. Kielpinski, J. F. Corney, and H. M. Wiseman, “Quantum optical waveform conversion,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 106, 130501 (2011).
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O. Kuzucu, F. N. C. Wong, S. Kurimura, and S. Tovstonog, “Joint temporal density measurements for two-photon state characterization,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 101, 153602 (2008).
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O. Kuzucu, F. N. C. Wong, S. Kurimura, and S. Tovstonog, “Joint temporal density measurements for two-photon state characterization,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 101, 153602 (2008).
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A. P. VanDevender and P. G. Kwiat, “High-speed transparent switch via frequency upconversion,” Opt. Express 15, 4677–4683 (2007).
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Lam, P. K.

M. Lassen, V. Delaubert, J. Janousek, K. Wagner, H.-A. Bachor, P. K. Lam, N. Treps, P. Buchhave, C. Fabre, and C. C. Harb, “Tools for multimode quantum information: modulation, detection, and spatial quantum correlations,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 98, 083602 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

N. Treps, N. Grosse, W. P. Bowen, C. Fabre, H.-A. Bachor, and P. K. Lam, “A quantum laser pointer,” Science 301, 940–943 (2003).
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C. K. Law, I. A. Walmsley, and J. H. Eberly, “Continuous frequency entanglement: effective finite Hilbert space and entropy control,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 84, 5304–5307 (2000).
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V. Giovannetti, S. Lloyd, and L. Maccone, “Quantum-enhanced positioning and clock synchronization,” Nature 412, 417–419 (2001).
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P. J. Mosley, J. S. Lundeen, B. J. Smith, P. Wasylczyk, A. B. U’Ren, C. Silberhorn, and I. A. Walmsley, “Heralded generation of ultrafast single photons in pure quantum states,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 100, 133601 (2008).
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W. Wasilewski, A. I. Lvovsky, K. Banaszek, and C. Radzewicz, “Pulsed squeezed light: Simultaneous squeezing of multiple modes,” Phys. Rev. A 73, 063819 (2006).
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V. Giovannetti, S. Lloyd, and L. Maccone, “Quantum-enhanced positioning and clock synchronization,” Nature 412, 417–419 (2001).
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M. Martinelli, N. Treps, S. Ducci, S. Gigan, A. Maître, and C. Fabre, “Experimental study of the spatial distribution of quantum correlations in a confocal optical parametric oscillator,” Phys. Rev. A 67, 023808 (2003).
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S. Prasad, M. O. Scully, and W. Martienssen, “A quantum description of the beam splitter,” Opt. Comm. 62, 139–145 (1987).
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M. Martinelli, N. Treps, S. Ducci, S. Gigan, A. Maître, and C. Fabre, “Experimental study of the spatial distribution of quantum correlations in a confocal optical parametric oscillator,” Phys. Rev. A 67, 023808 (2003).
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P. P. Rohde, W. Mauerer, and C. Silberhorn, “Spectral structure and decompositions of optical states, and their applications,” New J. Phys. 9, 010091 (2007).
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M. Raymer, S. van Enk, C. McKinstrie, and H. McGuinness, “Interference of two photons of different color,” Opt. Comm. 283, 747–752 (2010).
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H. J. McGuinness, M. G. Raymer, C. J. McKinstrie, and S. Radic, “Quantum frequency translation of single-photon states in a photonic crystal fiber,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 105, 093604 (2010).
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M. Raymer, S. van Enk, C. McKinstrie, and H. McGuinness, “Interference of two photons of different color,” Opt. Comm. 283, 747–752 (2010).
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McKinstrie, C. J.

H. J. McGuinness, M. G. Raymer, C. J. McKinstrie, and S. Radic, “Quantum frequency translation of single-photon states in a photonic crystal fiber,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 105, 093604 (2010).
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A. Eckstein, A. Christ, P. J. Mosley, and C. Silberhorn, “Highly efficient single-pass source of pulsed single-mode twin beams of light,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 106, 013603 (2011).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

P. J. Mosley, J. S. Lundeen, B. J. Smith, P. Wasylczyk, A. B. U’Ren, C. Silberhorn, and I. A. Walmsley, “Heralded generation of ultrafast single photons in pure quantum states,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 100, 133601 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

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E. Saglamyurek, N. Sinclair, J. Jin, J. A. Slater, D. Oblak, F. Bussieres, M. George, R. Ricken, W. Sohler, and W. Tittel, “Broadband waveguide quantum memory for entangled photons,” Nature 469, 512–515 (2011).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

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S. Tanzilli, W. Tittel, H. De Riedmatten, H. Zbinden, P. Baldi, M. DeMicheli, D. Ostrowsky, and N. Gisin, “PPLN waveguide for quantum communication,” Eur. Phys. J. D 18, 155–160 (2002).
[CrossRef]

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J. Leach, M. J. Padgett, S. M. Barnett, S. Franke-Arnold, and J. Courtial, “Measuring the orbital angular momentum of a single photon,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 88, 257901 (2002).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

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A. Pe’er, B. Dayan, A. A. Friesem, and Y. Silberberg, “Temporal shaping of entangled photons,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 94, 073601 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

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S. Prasad, M. O. Scully, and W. Martienssen, “A quantum description of the beam splitter,” Opt. Comm. 62, 139–145 (1987).
[CrossRef]

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H. J. McGuinness, M. G. Raymer, C. J. McKinstrie, and S. Radic, “Quantum frequency translation of single-photon states in a photonic crystal fiber,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 105, 093604 (2010).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Radzewicz, C.

W. Wasilewski, A. I. Lvovsky, K. Banaszek, and C. Radzewicz, “Pulsed squeezed light: Simultaneous squeezing of multiple modes,” Phys. Rev. A 73, 063819 (2006).
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A. M. Branczyk, T. C. Ralph, W. Helwig, and C. Silberhorn, “Optimized generation of heralded fock states using parametric down-conversion,” New J. Phys. 12, 063001 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Raymer, M.

M. Raymer, S. van Enk, C. McKinstrie, and H. McGuinness, “Interference of two photons of different color,” Opt. Comm. 283, 747–752 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Raymer, M. G.

H. J. McGuinness, M. G. Raymer, C. J. McKinstrie, and S. Radic, “Quantum frequency translation of single-photon states in a photonic crystal fiber,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 105, 093604 (2010).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

A. B. U’Ren, C. Silberhorn, K. Banaszek, I. A. Walmsley, R. Erdmann, W. P. Grice, and M. G. Raymer, “Generation of pure-state single-photon wavepackets by conditional preparation based on spontaneous parametric downconversion,” Laser Phys. 15, 0611019 (2005).

Ricken, R.

E. Saglamyurek, N. Sinclair, J. Jin, J. A. Slater, D. Oblak, F. Bussieres, M. George, R. Ricken, W. Sohler, and W. Tittel, “Broadband waveguide quantum memory for entangled photons,” Nature 469, 512–515 (2011).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

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C. Clausen, I. Usmani, F. Bussieres, N. Sangouard, M. Afzelius, H. D. Riedmatten, and N. Gisin, “Quantum storage of photonic entanglement in a crystal,” Nature 469, 508–511 (2011).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

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P. P. Rohde, W. Mauerer, and C. Silberhorn, “Spectral structure and decompositions of optical states, and their applications,” New J. Phys. 9, 010091 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Roussev, R. V.

Saglamyurek, E.

E. Saglamyurek, N. Sinclair, J. Jin, J. A. Slater, D. Oblak, F. Bussieres, M. George, R. Ricken, W. Sohler, and W. Tittel, “Broadband waveguide quantum memory for entangled photons,” Nature 469, 512–515 (2011).
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T. Yarnall, A. F. Abouraddy, B. E. A. Saleh, and M. C. Teich, “Synthesis and analysis of entangled photonic qubits in spatial-parity space,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 99, 250502 (2007).
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C. Clausen, I. Usmani, F. Bussieres, N. Sangouard, M. Afzelius, H. D. Riedmatten, and N. Gisin, “Quantum storage of photonic entanglement in a crystal,” Nature 469, 508–511 (2011).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Schumaker, B. L.

Scully, M. O.

S. Prasad, M. O. Scully, and W. Martienssen, “A quantum description of the beam splitter,” Opt. Comm. 62, 139–145 (1987).
[CrossRef]

Sharpe, A. W.

A. R. Dixon, Z. L. Yuan, J. F. Dynes, A. W. Sharpe, and A. J. Shields, “Continuous operation of high bit rate quantum key distribution,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 96, 161102 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Shields, A. J.

A. R. Dixon, Z. L. Yuan, J. F. Dynes, A. W. Sharpe, and A. J. Shields, “Continuous operation of high bit rate quantum key distribution,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 96, 161102 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Silberberg, Y.

A. Pe’er, B. Dayan, A. A. Friesem, and Y. Silberberg, “Temporal shaping of entangled photons,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 94, 073601 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Silberhorn, C.

A. Eckstein, A. Christ, P. J. Mosley, and C. Silberhorn, “Highly efficient single-pass source of pulsed single-mode twin beams of light,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 106, 013603 (2011).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

A. M. Branczyk, T. C. Ralph, W. Helwig, and C. Silberhorn, “Optimized generation of heralded fock states using parametric down-conversion,” New J. Phys. 12, 063001 (2010).
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K. Laiho, K. N. Cassemiro, and C. Silberhorn, “Producing high fidelity single photons with optimal brightness via waveguided parametric down-conversion,” Opt. Express 17, 22823–22837 (2009).
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P. J. Mosley, J. S. Lundeen, B. J. Smith, P. Wasylczyk, A. B. U’Ren, C. Silberhorn, and I. A. Walmsley, “Heralded generation of ultrafast single photons in pure quantum states,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 100, 133601 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

P. P. Rohde, W. Mauerer, and C. Silberhorn, “Spectral structure and decompositions of optical states, and their applications,” New J. Phys. 9, 010091 (2007).
[CrossRef]

A. B. U’Ren, C. Silberhorn, K. Banaszek, I. A. Walmsley, R. Erdmann, W. P. Grice, and M. G. Raymer, “Generation of pure-state single-photon wavepackets by conditional preparation based on spontaneous parametric downconversion,” Laser Phys. 15, 0611019 (2005).

Sinclair, N.

E. Saglamyurek, N. Sinclair, J. Jin, J. A. Slater, D. Oblak, F. Bussieres, M. George, R. Ricken, W. Sohler, and W. Tittel, “Broadband waveguide quantum memory for entangled photons,” Nature 469, 512–515 (2011).
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E. Saglamyurek, N. Sinclair, J. Jin, J. A. Slater, D. Oblak, F. Bussieres, M. George, R. Ricken, W. Sohler, and W. Tittel, “Broadband waveguide quantum memory for entangled photons,” Nature 469, 512–515 (2011).
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P. J. Mosley, J. S. Lundeen, B. J. Smith, P. Wasylczyk, A. B. U’Ren, C. Silberhorn, and I. A. Walmsley, “Heralded generation of ultrafast single photons in pure quantum states,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 100, 133601 (2008).
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Sohler, W.

E. Saglamyurek, N. Sinclair, J. Jin, J. A. Slater, D. Oblak, F. Bussieres, M. George, R. Ricken, W. Sohler, and W. Tittel, “Broadband waveguide quantum memory for entangled photons,” Nature 469, 512–515 (2011).
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S. Tanzilli, W. Tittel, M. Halder, O. Alibart, P. Baldi, N. Gisin, and H. Zbinden, “A photonic quantum information interface,” Nature 437, 116–120 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

S. Tanzilli, W. Tittel, H. De Riedmatten, H. Zbinden, P. Baldi, M. DeMicheli, D. Ostrowsky, and N. Gisin, “PPLN waveguide for quantum communication,” Eur. Phys. J. D 18, 155–160 (2002).
[CrossRef]

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T. Yarnall, A. F. Abouraddy, B. E. A. Saleh, and M. C. Teich, “Synthesis and analysis of entangled photonic qubits in spatial-parity space,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 99, 250502 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Tittel, W.

E. Saglamyurek, N. Sinclair, J. Jin, J. A. Slater, D. Oblak, F. Bussieres, M. George, R. Ricken, W. Sohler, and W. Tittel, “Broadband waveguide quantum memory for entangled photons,” Nature 469, 512–515 (2011).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

S. Tanzilli, W. Tittel, M. Halder, O. Alibart, P. Baldi, N. Gisin, and H. Zbinden, “A photonic quantum information interface,” Nature 437, 116–120 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

S. Tanzilli, W. Tittel, H. De Riedmatten, H. Zbinden, P. Baldi, M. DeMicheli, D. Ostrowsky, and N. Gisin, “PPLN waveguide for quantum communication,” Eur. Phys. J. D 18, 155–160 (2002).
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O. Kuzucu, F. N. C. Wong, S. Kurimura, and S. Tovstonog, “Joint temporal density measurements for two-photon state characterization,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 101, 153602 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

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M. Lassen, V. Delaubert, J. Janousek, K. Wagner, H.-A. Bachor, P. K. Lam, N. Treps, P. Buchhave, C. Fabre, and C. C. Harb, “Tools for multimode quantum information: modulation, detection, and spatial quantum correlations,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 98, 083602 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

N. Treps, N. Grosse, W. P. Bowen, C. Fabre, H.-A. Bachor, and P. K. Lam, “A quantum laser pointer,” Science 301, 940–943 (2003).
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M. Martinelli, N. Treps, S. Ducci, S. Gigan, A. Maître, and C. Fabre, “Experimental study of the spatial distribution of quantum correlations in a confocal optical parametric oscillator,” Phys. Rev. A 67, 023808 (2003).
[CrossRef]

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P. J. Mosley, J. S. Lundeen, B. J. Smith, P. Wasylczyk, A. B. U’Ren, C. Silberhorn, and I. A. Walmsley, “Heralded generation of ultrafast single photons in pure quantum states,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 100, 133601 (2008).
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A. B. U’Ren, C. Silberhorn, K. Banaszek, I. A. Walmsley, R. Erdmann, W. P. Grice, and M. G. Raymer, “Generation of pure-state single-photon wavepackets by conditional preparation based on spontaneous parametric downconversion,” Laser Phys. 15, 0611019 (2005).

W. P. Grice, A. B. U’Ren, and I. A. Walmsley, “Eliminating frequency and space-time correlations in multiphoton states,” Phys. Rev. A 64, 063815 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Usmani, I.

C. Clausen, I. Usmani, F. Bussieres, N. Sangouard, M. Afzelius, H. D. Riedmatten, and N. Gisin, “Quantum storage of photonic entanglement in a crystal,” Nature 469, 508–511 (2011).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

van Enk, S.

M. Raymer, S. van Enk, C. McKinstrie, and H. McGuinness, “Interference of two photons of different color,” Opt. Comm. 283, 747–752 (2010).
[CrossRef]

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A. P. VanDevender and P. G. Kwiat, “High-speed transparent switch via frequency upconversion,” Opt. Express 15, 4677–4683 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

A. P. Vandevender and P. G. Kwiat, “High efficiency single photon detection via frequency up-conversion,” J. Mod. Opt. 51, 1433–1445 (2004).

Wagner, K.

M. Lassen, V. Delaubert, J. Janousek, K. Wagner, H.-A. Bachor, P. K. Lam, N. Treps, P. Buchhave, C. Fabre, and C. C. Harb, “Tools for multimode quantum information: modulation, detection, and spatial quantum correlations,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 98, 083602 (2007).
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Walmsley, I. A.

P. J. Mosley, J. S. Lundeen, B. J. Smith, P. Wasylczyk, A. B. U’Ren, C. Silberhorn, and I. A. Walmsley, “Heralded generation of ultrafast single photons in pure quantum states,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 100, 133601 (2008).
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A. B. U’Ren, C. Silberhorn, K. Banaszek, I. A. Walmsley, R. Erdmann, W. P. Grice, and M. G. Raymer, “Generation of pure-state single-photon wavepackets by conditional preparation based on spontaneous parametric downconversion,” Laser Phys. 15, 0611019 (2005).

W. P. Grice, A. B. U’Ren, and I. A. Walmsley, “Eliminating frequency and space-time correlations in multiphoton states,” Phys. Rev. A 64, 063815 (2001).
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C. K. Law, I. A. Walmsley, and J. H. Eberly, “Continuous frequency entanglement: effective finite Hilbert space and entropy control,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 84, 5304–5307 (2000).
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W. P. Grice and I. A. Walmsley, “Spectral information and distinguishability in type-ii down-conversion with a broadband pump,” Phys. Rev. A 56, 1627–1634 (1997).
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W. Wasilewski, A. I. Lvovsky, K. Banaszek, and C. Radzewicz, “Pulsed squeezed light: Simultaneous squeezing of multiple modes,” Phys. Rev. A 73, 063819 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Wasylczyk, P.

P. J. Mosley, J. S. Lundeen, B. J. Smith, P. Wasylczyk, A. B. U’Ren, C. Silberhorn, and I. A. Walmsley, “Heralded generation of ultrafast single photons in pure quantum states,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 100, 133601 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Wiseman, H. M.

D. Kielpinski, J. F. Corney, and H. M. Wiseman, “Quantum optical waveform conversion,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 106, 130501 (2011).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Wong, F. N. C.

O. Kuzucu, F. N. C. Wong, S. Kurimura, and S. Tovstonog, “Joint temporal density measurements for two-photon state characterization,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 101, 153602 (2008).
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T. Yarnall, A. F. Abouraddy, B. E. A. Saleh, and M. C. Teich, “Synthesis and analysis of entangled photonic qubits in spatial-parity space,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 99, 250502 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Yuan, Z. L.

A. R. Dixon, Z. L. Yuan, J. F. Dynes, A. W. Sharpe, and A. J. Shields, “Continuous operation of high bit rate quantum key distribution,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 96, 161102 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Yuen, H. P.

Zbinden, H.

S. Tanzilli, W. Tittel, M. Halder, O. Alibart, P. Baldi, N. Gisin, and H. Zbinden, “A photonic quantum information interface,” Nature 437, 116–120 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

S. Tanzilli, W. Tittel, H. De Riedmatten, H. Zbinden, P. Baldi, M. DeMicheli, D. Ostrowsky, and N. Gisin, “PPLN waveguide for quantum communication,” Eur. Phys. J. D 18, 155–160 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Appl. Phys. Lett.

A. R. Dixon, Z. L. Yuan, J. F. Dynes, A. W. Sharpe, and A. J. Shields, “Continuous operation of high bit rate quantum key distribution,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 96, 161102 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Eur. Phys. J. D

S. Tanzilli, W. Tittel, H. De Riedmatten, H. Zbinden, P. Baldi, M. DeMicheli, D. Ostrowsky, and N. Gisin, “PPLN waveguide for quantum communication,” Eur. Phys. J. D 18, 155–160 (2002).
[CrossRef]

J. Mod. Opt.

A. P. Vandevender and P. G. Kwiat, “High efficiency single photon detection via frequency up-conversion,” J. Mod. Opt. 51, 1433–1445 (2004).

Laser Phys.

A. B. U’Ren, C. Silberhorn, K. Banaszek, I. A. Walmsley, R. Erdmann, W. P. Grice, and M. G. Raymer, “Generation of pure-state single-photon wavepackets by conditional preparation based on spontaneous parametric downconversion,” Laser Phys. 15, 0611019 (2005).

Nature

C. Clausen, I. Usmani, F. Bussieres, N. Sangouard, M. Afzelius, H. D. Riedmatten, and N. Gisin, “Quantum storage of photonic entanglement in a crystal,” Nature 469, 508–511 (2011).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

E. Saglamyurek, N. Sinclair, J. Jin, J. A. Slater, D. Oblak, F. Bussieres, M. George, R. Ricken, W. Sohler, and W. Tittel, “Broadband waveguide quantum memory for entangled photons,” Nature 469, 512–515 (2011).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

S. Tanzilli, W. Tittel, M. Halder, O. Alibart, P. Baldi, N. Gisin, and H. Zbinden, “A photonic quantum information interface,” Nature 437, 116–120 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

V. Giovannetti, S. Lloyd, and L. Maccone, “Quantum-enhanced positioning and clock synchronization,” Nature 412, 417–419 (2001).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

New J. Phys.

P. P. Rohde, W. Mauerer, and C. Silberhorn, “Spectral structure and decompositions of optical states, and their applications,” New J. Phys. 9, 010091 (2007).
[CrossRef]

A. M. Branczyk, T. C. Ralph, W. Helwig, and C. Silberhorn, “Optimized generation of heralded fock states using parametric down-conversion,” New J. Phys. 12, 063001 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Opt. Comm.

S. Prasad, M. O. Scully, and W. Martienssen, “A quantum description of the beam splitter,” Opt. Comm. 62, 139–145 (1987).
[CrossRef]

M. Raymer, S. van Enk, C. McKinstrie, and H. McGuinness, “Interference of two photons of different color,” Opt. Comm. 283, 747–752 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Opt. Express

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Figures (4)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1

Quantum Pulse Gate schema: Gating with a pulse in spectral broadband mode uj converts only the corresponding mode from the input pulse to a Gaussian wave packet at sum frequency.

Fig. 2
Fig. 2

(A1–A3) SFG transfer function f (ωi , ωo ) with (A1) and without (A2,A3) frequency correlations. (B1–B3) Coefficients κj for the first four Schmidt mode pairs of the transfer functions. (C1–C3) SFG efficiencies A j C j for the first four Schmidt modes against gating power dependent SFG coupling constant θ

Fig. 3
Fig. 3

A QPG application: Generating pure heralded broadband single photons in different modes from a multimode PDC source of broadband-mode-correlated photon pairs

Fig. 4
Fig. 4

Overlap between input pulse mode ũl and QPG Schmidt mode φj for mode-matched (left) and non-mode-matched (right) case in the weak coupling regime.

Equations (6)

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H = d t Ĥ ( t ) = θ d ω i d ω o f ( ω i , ω o ) a ( ω i ) c ( ω o ) + h . c .
f ( ω i , ω o ) = j κ j φ j ( ω i ) ψ j ( ω o ) .
H = θ j κ j ( A j C j + A j C j ) ,
H QPG = θ j ( A j C 0 + A j C 0 ) .
H PDC = χ j c j ( Ã j B j + Ã j B j ) .
H = l χ B 0 C 0 + χ k = 1 c j à j B j + h . c .

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