Abstract

In this paper the design, fabrication and experimental characterization of an spectral amplitude coded (SAC) optical label swapper monolithically integrated on Indium Phosphide (InP) is presented. The device has a footprint of 4.8x1.5 mm2 and is able to perform label swapping operations required in SAC at a speed of 155 Mbps. The device was manufactured in InP using a multiple purpose generic integration scheme. Compared to previous SAC label swapper demonstrations, using discrete component assembly, this label swapper chip operates two order of magnitudes faster.

© 2011 OSA

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2010 (1)

R. Bolla, R. Bruschi, F. Davoli, and F. Cucchietti, “Energy efficiency in the future Internet: a survey of existing approaches and trends in energy-aware fixed network infrastructures,” IEEE Commun. Surv. Tutorials PP, 1–22 (2010).

2009 (2)

2008 (1)

C. Habib, V. Baby, L. Chen, A. Delisle-Simard, and S. LaRochelle, “All-optical swapping of spectral amplitude code labels using nonlinear media and semiconductor fiber ring lasers,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 14, 879–888 (2008).
[CrossRef]

2007 (1)

A. Zilkie, J. Meier, M. Mojahedi, P. Poole, P. Barrios, D. Poitras, T. Rotter, C. Yang, A. Stintz, K. Malloy, P. Smith, and J. Aitchison, “Carrier dynamics of quantum-dot, quantum-dash, and quantum-well semiconductor optical amplifiers operating at 1.55 μm,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 43, 982–991 (2007).
[CrossRef]

2006 (2)

R. Gordon and L. Chen, “Demonstration of all-photonic spectral label-switching for optical MPLS networks,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 18, 586–588 (2006).
[CrossRef]

S. J. B. Yoo, “Optical packet and burst switching technologies for the future photonic Internet,” J. Lightwave Technol. 24, 4468–4492 (2006).
[CrossRef]

2002 (1)

2001 (1)

A. Srivatsa, H. de Waardt, M. Hill, G. Khoe, and H. Dorren, “All-optical serial header processing based on two-pulse correlation,” Electron. Lett. 37, 234–235 (2001).
[CrossRef]

2000 (1)

1996 (1)

M. Smit and C. Van Dam, “PHASAR-based WDM-devices: principles, design and applications,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 2, 236–250 (1996).
[CrossRef]

1995 (1)

L. Soldano and E. Pennings, “Optical multi-mode interference devices based on self-imaging: principles and applications,” J. Lightwave Technol. 13, 615–627 (1995).
[CrossRef]

1989 (1)

G. Eisenstein, “Semiconductor Optical Amplifiers,” IEEE Circuits Devices Mag. 5, 25–30 (1989).
[CrossRef]

Aitchison, J.

A. Zilkie, J. Meier, M. Mojahedi, P. Poole, P. Barrios, D. Poitras, T. Rotter, C. Yang, A. Stintz, K. Malloy, P. Smith, and J. Aitchison, “Carrier dynamics of quantum-dot, quantum-dash, and quantum-well semiconductor optical amplifiers operating at 1.55 μm,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 43, 982–991 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Augustin, L. M.

P. Munñoz, R. Garcia-Olcina, J. D. Domenech, M. Rius, J. Capmany, L. R. Chen, C. Habib, X. J. M. Leijtens, T. de Vries, M. R. Heck, L. M. Augustin, R. Nötzel, and D. J. Robbins, “Multi-wavelength lasers based on an arrayed waveguide grating and Sagnac loop reflectors monolithically integrated on InP,” in Proceedings of the 15th European Conference on Integrated Optics (ECIO, 2010), pp. WeF2–1/2.

Baby, V.

C. Habib, V. Baby, L. Chen, A. Delisle-Simard, and S. LaRochelle, “All-optical swapping of spectral amplitude code labels using nonlinear media and semiconductor fiber ring lasers,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 14, 879–888 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Baets, R.

F. Soares, F. Karouta, E. Geluk, J. Zantvoort, H. de Waardt, R. Baets, and M. Smit, “Low-loss InP-based spot-size converter based on a vertical taper,” in Proceedings of the 15th European Conference on Integrated Optics (ECIO, 2005), pp. 104–107.

Barbarin, Y.

Y. Barbarin, E. Bente, T. de Vries, J. den Besten, P. van Veldhoven, M. Sander-Jochem, E. Smalbrugge, F. van Otten, E. Geluk, M. Heck, X. Leijtens, J. van der Tol, F. Karouta, Y. Oei, R. Notzel, and M. Smit, “Butt-joint interfaces in InP/InGaAsP waveguides with very low reflectivity and low loss,” in Proc. Symposium IEEE/LEOS Benelux Chapter , (IEEE, 2005).

Barrios, P.

A. Zilkie, J. Meier, M. Mojahedi, P. Poole, P. Barrios, D. Poitras, T. Rotter, C. Yang, A. Stintz, K. Malloy, P. Smith, and J. Aitchison, “Carrier dynamics of quantum-dot, quantum-dash, and quantum-well semiconductor optical amplifiers operating at 1.55 μm,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 43, 982–991 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Barton, J.

Bente, E.

E. Bente and M. Smit, “Ultrafast InP optical integrated circuits,” in Optoelectronic Integrated Circuits VIII , L.A. Eldada and E.-H. Lee, eds., Proc. SPIE 6124, 612419 (2006).

Y. Barbarin, E. Bente, T. de Vries, J. den Besten, P. van Veldhoven, M. Sander-Jochem, E. Smalbrugge, F. van Otten, E. Geluk, M. Heck, X. Leijtens, J. van der Tol, F. Karouta, Y. Oei, R. Notzel, and M. Smit, “Butt-joint interfaces in InP/InGaAsP waveguides with very low reflectivity and low loss,” in Proc. Symposium IEEE/LEOS Benelux Chapter , (IEEE, 2005).

Blumenthal, D.

Bolla, R.

R. Bolla, R. Bruschi, F. Davoli, and F. Cucchietti, “Energy efficiency in the future Internet: a survey of existing approaches and trends in energy-aware fixed network infrastructures,” IEEE Commun. Surv. Tutorials PP, 1–22 (2010).

Bowers, J.

Bruschi, R.

R. Bolla, R. Bruschi, F. Davoli, and F. Cucchietti, “Energy efficiency in the future Internet: a survey of existing approaches and trends in energy-aware fixed network infrastructures,” IEEE Commun. Surv. Tutorials PP, 1–22 (2010).

Calabretta, N.

Capmany, J.

P. Munoz, D. Pastor, and J. Capmany, “Modeling and design of arrayed waveguide gratings,” J. Lightwave Technol. 20, 661–674 (2002).
[CrossRef]

P. Munñoz, R. Garcia-Olcina, J. D. Domenech, M. Rius, J. Capmany, L. R. Chen, C. Habib, X. J. M. Leijtens, T. de Vries, M. R. Heck, L. M. Augustin, R. Nötzel, and D. J. Robbins, “Multi-wavelength lasers based on an arrayed waveguide grating and Sagnac loop reflectors monolithically integrated on InP,” in Proceedings of the 15th European Conference on Integrated Optics (ECIO, 2010), pp. WeF2–1/2.

Chen, L.

C. Habib, V. Baby, L. Chen, A. Delisle-Simard, and S. LaRochelle, “All-optical swapping of spectral amplitude code labels using nonlinear media and semiconductor fiber ring lasers,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 14, 879–888 (2008).
[CrossRef]

R. Gordon and L. Chen, “Demonstration of all-photonic spectral label-switching for optical MPLS networks,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 18, 586–588 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Chen, L. R.

P. Munñoz, R. Garcia-Olcina, J. D. Domenech, M. Rius, J. Capmany, L. R. Chen, C. Habib, X. J. M. Leijtens, T. de Vries, M. R. Heck, L. M. Augustin, R. Nötzel, and D. J. Robbins, “Multi-wavelength lasers based on an arrayed waveguide grating and Sagnac loop reflectors monolithically integrated on InP,” in Proceedings of the 15th European Conference on Integrated Optics (ECIO, 2010), pp. WeF2–1/2.

Coldren, L.

Cole, C.

C. Cole, B. Huebner, and J. Johnson, “Photonic integration for high-volume, low-cost applications,” IEEE Commun. Mag. 47, S16–S22 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Cucchietti, F.

R. Bolla, R. Bruschi, F. Davoli, and F. Cucchietti, “Energy efficiency in the future Internet: a survey of existing approaches and trends in energy-aware fixed network infrastructures,” IEEE Commun. Surv. Tutorials PP, 1–22 (2010).

Davoli, F.

R. Bolla, R. Bruschi, F. Davoli, and F. Cucchietti, “Energy efficiency in the future Internet: a survey of existing approaches and trends in energy-aware fixed network infrastructures,” IEEE Commun. Surv. Tutorials PP, 1–22 (2010).

de Vries, T.

Y. Barbarin, E. Bente, T. de Vries, J. den Besten, P. van Veldhoven, M. Sander-Jochem, E. Smalbrugge, F. van Otten, E. Geluk, M. Heck, X. Leijtens, J. van der Tol, F. Karouta, Y. Oei, R. Notzel, and M. Smit, “Butt-joint interfaces in InP/InGaAsP waveguides with very low reflectivity and low loss,” in Proc. Symposium IEEE/LEOS Benelux Chapter , (IEEE, 2005).

P. Munñoz, R. Garcia-Olcina, J. D. Domenech, M. Rius, J. Capmany, L. R. Chen, C. Habib, X. J. M. Leijtens, T. de Vries, M. R. Heck, L. M. Augustin, R. Nötzel, and D. J. Robbins, “Multi-wavelength lasers based on an arrayed waveguide grating and Sagnac loop reflectors monolithically integrated on InP,” in Proceedings of the 15th European Conference on Integrated Optics (ECIO, 2010), pp. WeF2–1/2.

de Waardt, H.

A. Srivatsa, H. de Waardt, M. Hill, G. Khoe, and H. Dorren, “All-optical serial header processing based on two-pulse correlation,” Electron. Lett. 37, 234–235 (2001).
[CrossRef]

F. Soares, F. Karouta, E. Geluk, J. Zantvoort, H. de Waardt, R. Baets, and M. Smit, “Low-loss InP-based spot-size converter based on a vertical taper,” in Proceedings of the 15th European Conference on Integrated Optics (ECIO, 2005), pp. 104–107.

Delisle-Simard, A.

C. Habib, V. Baby, L. Chen, A. Delisle-Simard, and S. LaRochelle, “All-optical swapping of spectral amplitude code labels using nonlinear media and semiconductor fiber ring lasers,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 14, 879–888 (2008).
[CrossRef]

den Besten, J.

Y. Barbarin, E. Bente, T. de Vries, J. den Besten, P. van Veldhoven, M. Sander-Jochem, E. Smalbrugge, F. van Otten, E. Geluk, M. Heck, X. Leijtens, J. van der Tol, F. Karouta, Y. Oei, R. Notzel, and M. Smit, “Butt-joint interfaces in InP/InGaAsP waveguides with very low reflectivity and low loss,” in Proc. Symposium IEEE/LEOS Benelux Chapter , (IEEE, 2005).

Dimmick, T.

Domenech, J. D.

P. Munñoz, R. Garcia-Olcina, J. D. Domenech, M. Rius, J. Capmany, L. R. Chen, C. Habib, X. J. M. Leijtens, T. de Vries, M. R. Heck, L. M. Augustin, R. Nötzel, and D. J. Robbins, “Multi-wavelength lasers based on an arrayed waveguide grating and Sagnac loop reflectors monolithically integrated on InP,” in Proceedings of the 15th European Conference on Integrated Optics (ECIO, 2010), pp. WeF2–1/2.

Dorren, H.

N. Calabretta, J. Hyun-Do, J. Llorente, E. Tangdiongga, T. Koonen, and H. Dorren, “All-optical label swapping of scalable in-band address labels and 160-Gb/s data packets,” J. Lightwave Technol. 27, 214–223 (2009).
[CrossRef]

A. Srivatsa, H. de Waardt, M. Hill, G. Khoe, and H. Dorren, “All-optical serial header processing based on two-pulse correlation,” Electron. Lett. 37, 234–235 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Doshi, R.

Eisenstein, G.

G. Eisenstein, “Semiconductor Optical Amplifiers,” IEEE Circuits Devices Mag. 5, 25–30 (1989).
[CrossRef]

Garcia-Olcina, R.

P. Munñoz, R. Garcia-Olcina, J. D. Domenech, M. Rius, J. Capmany, L. R. Chen, C. Habib, X. J. M. Leijtens, T. de Vries, M. R. Heck, L. M. Augustin, R. Nötzel, and D. J. Robbins, “Multi-wavelength lasers based on an arrayed waveguide grating and Sagnac loop reflectors monolithically integrated on InP,” in Proceedings of the 15th European Conference on Integrated Optics (ECIO, 2010), pp. WeF2–1/2.

Geluk, E.

F. Soares, F. Karouta, E. Geluk, J. Zantvoort, H. de Waardt, R. Baets, and M. Smit, “Low-loss InP-based spot-size converter based on a vertical taper,” in Proceedings of the 15th European Conference on Integrated Optics (ECIO, 2005), pp. 104–107.

Y. Barbarin, E. Bente, T. de Vries, J. den Besten, P. van Veldhoven, M. Sander-Jochem, E. Smalbrugge, F. van Otten, E. Geluk, M. Heck, X. Leijtens, J. van der Tol, F. Karouta, Y. Oei, R. Notzel, and M. Smit, “Butt-joint interfaces in InP/InGaAsP waveguides with very low reflectivity and low loss,” in Proc. Symposium IEEE/LEOS Benelux Chapter , (IEEE, 2005).

Gordon, R.

R. Gordon and L. Chen, “Demonstration of all-photonic spectral label-switching for optical MPLS networks,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 18, 586–588 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Habib, C.

C. Habib, V. Baby, L. Chen, A. Delisle-Simard, and S. LaRochelle, “All-optical swapping of spectral amplitude code labels using nonlinear media and semiconductor fiber ring lasers,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 14, 879–888 (2008).
[CrossRef]

P. Munñoz, R. Garcia-Olcina, J. D. Domenech, M. Rius, J. Capmany, L. R. Chen, C. Habib, X. J. M. Leijtens, T. de Vries, M. R. Heck, L. M. Augustin, R. Nötzel, and D. J. Robbins, “Multi-wavelength lasers based on an arrayed waveguide grating and Sagnac loop reflectors monolithically integrated on InP,” in Proceedings of the 15th European Conference on Integrated Optics (ECIO, 2010), pp. WeF2–1/2.

Heck, M.

Y. Barbarin, E. Bente, T. de Vries, J. den Besten, P. van Veldhoven, M. Sander-Jochem, E. Smalbrugge, F. van Otten, E. Geluk, M. Heck, X. Leijtens, J. van der Tol, F. Karouta, Y. Oei, R. Notzel, and M. Smit, “Butt-joint interfaces in InP/InGaAsP waveguides with very low reflectivity and low loss,” in Proc. Symposium IEEE/LEOS Benelux Chapter , (IEEE, 2005).

Heck, M. R.

P. Munñoz, R. Garcia-Olcina, J. D. Domenech, M. Rius, J. Capmany, L. R. Chen, C. Habib, X. J. M. Leijtens, T. de Vries, M. R. Heck, L. M. Augustin, R. Nötzel, and D. J. Robbins, “Multi-wavelength lasers based on an arrayed waveguide grating and Sagnac loop reflectors monolithically integrated on InP,” in Proceedings of the 15th European Conference on Integrated Optics (ECIO, 2010), pp. WeF2–1/2.

Hill, M.

A. Srivatsa, H. de Waardt, M. Hill, G. Khoe, and H. Dorren, “All-optical serial header processing based on two-pulse correlation,” Electron. Lett. 37, 234–235 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Huebner, B.

C. Cole, B. Huebner, and J. Johnson, “Photonic integration for high-volume, low-cost applications,” IEEE Commun. Mag. 47, S16–S22 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Hyun-Do, J.

Jerphagnon, O.

Johnson, J.

C. Cole, B. Huebner, and J. Johnson, “Photonic integration for high-volume, low-cost applications,” IEEE Commun. Mag. 47, S16–S22 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Kaman, V.

Karouta, F.

Y. Barbarin, E. Bente, T. de Vries, J. den Besten, P. van Veldhoven, M. Sander-Jochem, E. Smalbrugge, F. van Otten, E. Geluk, M. Heck, X. Leijtens, J. van der Tol, F. Karouta, Y. Oei, R. Notzel, and M. Smit, “Butt-joint interfaces in InP/InGaAsP waveguides with very low reflectivity and low loss,” in Proc. Symposium IEEE/LEOS Benelux Chapter , (IEEE, 2005).

F. Soares, F. Karouta, E. Geluk, J. Zantvoort, H. de Waardt, R. Baets, and M. Smit, “Low-loss InP-based spot-size converter based on a vertical taper,” in Proceedings of the 15th European Conference on Integrated Optics (ECIO, 2005), pp. 104–107.

Khoe, G.

A. Srivatsa, H. de Waardt, M. Hill, G. Khoe, and H. Dorren, “All-optical serial header processing based on two-pulse correlation,” Electron. Lett. 37, 234–235 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Koonen, T.

LaRochelle, S.

C. Habib, V. Baby, L. Chen, A. Delisle-Simard, and S. LaRochelle, “All-optical swapping of spectral amplitude code labels using nonlinear media and semiconductor fiber ring lasers,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 14, 879–888 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Lavrova, O.

Leijtens, X.

X. Leijtens, “JePPIX: the platform for InP-based photonics,” in Proceedings of the 15th European Conference on Integrated Optics (ECIO, 2010), pp. ThG3–1/2.

Y. Barbarin, E. Bente, T. de Vries, J. den Besten, P. van Veldhoven, M. Sander-Jochem, E. Smalbrugge, F. van Otten, E. Geluk, M. Heck, X. Leijtens, J. van der Tol, F. Karouta, Y. Oei, R. Notzel, and M. Smit, “Butt-joint interfaces in InP/InGaAsP waveguides with very low reflectivity and low loss,” in Proc. Symposium IEEE/LEOS Benelux Chapter , (IEEE, 2005).

Leijtens, X. J. M.

P. Munñoz, R. Garcia-Olcina, J. D. Domenech, M. Rius, J. Capmany, L. R. Chen, C. Habib, X. J. M. Leijtens, T. de Vries, M. R. Heck, L. M. Augustin, R. Nötzel, and D. J. Robbins, “Multi-wavelength lasers based on an arrayed waveguide grating and Sagnac loop reflectors monolithically integrated on InP,” in Proceedings of the 15th European Conference on Integrated Optics (ECIO, 2010), pp. WeF2–1/2.

Llorente, J.

Malloy, K.

A. Zilkie, J. Meier, M. Mojahedi, P. Poole, P. Barrios, D. Poitras, T. Rotter, C. Yang, A. Stintz, K. Malloy, P. Smith, and J. Aitchison, “Carrier dynamics of quantum-dot, quantum-dash, and quantum-well semiconductor optical amplifiers operating at 1.55 μm,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 43, 982–991 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Masanovic, M.

Meier, J.

A. Zilkie, J. Meier, M. Mojahedi, P. Poole, P. Barrios, D. Poitras, T. Rotter, C. Yang, A. Stintz, K. Malloy, P. Smith, and J. Aitchison, “Carrier dynamics of quantum-dot, quantum-dash, and quantum-well semiconductor optical amplifiers operating at 1.55 μm,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 43, 982–991 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Mojahedi, M.

A. Zilkie, J. Meier, M. Mojahedi, P. Poole, P. Barrios, D. Poitras, T. Rotter, C. Yang, A. Stintz, K. Malloy, P. Smith, and J. Aitchison, “Carrier dynamics of quantum-dot, quantum-dash, and quantum-well semiconductor optical amplifiers operating at 1.55 μm,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 43, 982–991 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Munñoz, P.

P. Munñoz, R. Garcia-Olcina, J. D. Domenech, M. Rius, J. Capmany, L. R. Chen, C. Habib, X. J. M. Leijtens, T. de Vries, M. R. Heck, L. M. Augustin, R. Nötzel, and D. J. Robbins, “Multi-wavelength lasers based on an arrayed waveguide grating and Sagnac loop reflectors monolithically integrated on InP,” in Proceedings of the 15th European Conference on Integrated Optics (ECIO, 2010), pp. WeF2–1/2.

Munoz, P.

Notzel, R.

Y. Barbarin, E. Bente, T. de Vries, J. den Besten, P. van Veldhoven, M. Sander-Jochem, E. Smalbrugge, F. van Otten, E. Geluk, M. Heck, X. Leijtens, J. van der Tol, F. Karouta, Y. Oei, R. Notzel, and M. Smit, “Butt-joint interfaces in InP/InGaAsP waveguides with very low reflectivity and low loss,” in Proc. Symposium IEEE/LEOS Benelux Chapter , (IEEE, 2005).

Nötzel, R.

P. Munñoz, R. Garcia-Olcina, J. D. Domenech, M. Rius, J. Capmany, L. R. Chen, C. Habib, X. J. M. Leijtens, T. de Vries, M. R. Heck, L. M. Augustin, R. Nötzel, and D. J. Robbins, “Multi-wavelength lasers based on an arrayed waveguide grating and Sagnac loop reflectors monolithically integrated on InP,” in Proceedings of the 15th European Conference on Integrated Optics (ECIO, 2010), pp. WeF2–1/2.

Oei, Y.

Y. Barbarin, E. Bente, T. de Vries, J. den Besten, P. van Veldhoven, M. Sander-Jochem, E. Smalbrugge, F. van Otten, E. Geluk, M. Heck, X. Leijtens, J. van der Tol, F. Karouta, Y. Oei, R. Notzel, and M. Smit, “Butt-joint interfaces in InP/InGaAsP waveguides with very low reflectivity and low loss,” in Proc. Symposium IEEE/LEOS Benelux Chapter , (IEEE, 2005).

Olsson, B.-E.

Pastor, D.

Pennings, E.

L. Soldano and E. Pennings, “Optical multi-mode interference devices based on self-imaging: principles and applications,” J. Lightwave Technol. 13, 615–627 (1995).
[CrossRef]

Poitras, D.

A. Zilkie, J. Meier, M. Mojahedi, P. Poole, P. Barrios, D. Poitras, T. Rotter, C. Yang, A. Stintz, K. Malloy, P. Smith, and J. Aitchison, “Carrier dynamics of quantum-dot, quantum-dash, and quantum-well semiconductor optical amplifiers operating at 1.55 μm,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 43, 982–991 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Poole, P.

A. Zilkie, J. Meier, M. Mojahedi, P. Poole, P. Barrios, D. Poitras, T. Rotter, C. Yang, A. Stintz, K. Malloy, P. Smith, and J. Aitchison, “Carrier dynamics of quantum-dot, quantum-dash, and quantum-well semiconductor optical amplifiers operating at 1.55 μm,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 43, 982–991 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Rau, L.

Rius, M.

P. Munñoz, R. Garcia-Olcina, J. D. Domenech, M. Rius, J. Capmany, L. R. Chen, C. Habib, X. J. M. Leijtens, T. de Vries, M. R. Heck, L. M. Augustin, R. Nötzel, and D. J. Robbins, “Multi-wavelength lasers based on an arrayed waveguide grating and Sagnac loop reflectors monolithically integrated on InP,” in Proceedings of the 15th European Conference on Integrated Optics (ECIO, 2010), pp. WeF2–1/2.

Robbins, D. J.

P. Munñoz, R. Garcia-Olcina, J. D. Domenech, M. Rius, J. Capmany, L. R. Chen, C. Habib, X. J. M. Leijtens, T. de Vries, M. R. Heck, L. M. Augustin, R. Nötzel, and D. J. Robbins, “Multi-wavelength lasers based on an arrayed waveguide grating and Sagnac loop reflectors monolithically integrated on InP,” in Proceedings of the 15th European Conference on Integrated Optics (ECIO, 2010), pp. WeF2–1/2.

Rossi, G.

Rotter, T.

A. Zilkie, J. Meier, M. Mojahedi, P. Poole, P. Barrios, D. Poitras, T. Rotter, C. Yang, A. Stintz, K. Malloy, P. Smith, and J. Aitchison, “Carrier dynamics of quantum-dot, quantum-dash, and quantum-well semiconductor optical amplifiers operating at 1.55 μm,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 43, 982–991 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Saleh, B.

B. Saleh and M. Teich, Fundamentals of Photonics (Wiley, 2007), Chap. 2.

Sander-Jochem, M.

Y. Barbarin, E. Bente, T. de Vries, J. den Besten, P. van Veldhoven, M. Sander-Jochem, E. Smalbrugge, F. van Otten, E. Geluk, M. Heck, X. Leijtens, J. van der Tol, F. Karouta, Y. Oei, R. Notzel, and M. Smit, “Butt-joint interfaces in InP/InGaAsP waveguides with very low reflectivity and low loss,” in Proc. Symposium IEEE/LEOS Benelux Chapter , (IEEE, 2005).

Smalbrugge, E.

Y. Barbarin, E. Bente, T. de Vries, J. den Besten, P. van Veldhoven, M. Sander-Jochem, E. Smalbrugge, F. van Otten, E. Geluk, M. Heck, X. Leijtens, J. van der Tol, F. Karouta, Y. Oei, R. Notzel, and M. Smit, “Butt-joint interfaces in InP/InGaAsP waveguides with very low reflectivity and low loss,” in Proc. Symposium IEEE/LEOS Benelux Chapter , (IEEE, 2005).

Smit, M.

M. Smit and C. Van Dam, “PHASAR-based WDM-devices: principles, design and applications,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 2, 236–250 (1996).
[CrossRef]

E. Bente and M. Smit, “Ultrafast InP optical integrated circuits,” in Optoelectronic Integrated Circuits VIII , L.A. Eldada and E.-H. Lee, eds., Proc. SPIE 6124, 612419 (2006).

Y. Barbarin, E. Bente, T. de Vries, J. den Besten, P. van Veldhoven, M. Sander-Jochem, E. Smalbrugge, F. van Otten, E. Geluk, M. Heck, X. Leijtens, J. van der Tol, F. Karouta, Y. Oei, R. Notzel, and M. Smit, “Butt-joint interfaces in InP/InGaAsP waveguides with very low reflectivity and low loss,” in Proc. Symposium IEEE/LEOS Benelux Chapter , (IEEE, 2005).

F. Soares, F. Karouta, E. Geluk, J. Zantvoort, H. de Waardt, R. Baets, and M. Smit, “Low-loss InP-based spot-size converter based on a vertical taper,” in Proceedings of the 15th European Conference on Integrated Optics (ECIO, 2005), pp. 104–107.

Smith, P.

A. Zilkie, J. Meier, M. Mojahedi, P. Poole, P. Barrios, D. Poitras, T. Rotter, C. Yang, A. Stintz, K. Malloy, P. Smith, and J. Aitchison, “Carrier dynamics of quantum-dot, quantum-dash, and quantum-well semiconductor optical amplifiers operating at 1.55 μm,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 43, 982–991 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Soares, F.

F. Soares, F. Karouta, E. Geluk, J. Zantvoort, H. de Waardt, R. Baets, and M. Smit, “Low-loss InP-based spot-size converter based on a vertical taper,” in Proceedings of the 15th European Conference on Integrated Optics (ECIO, 2005), pp. 104–107.

Soldano, L.

L. Soldano and E. Pennings, “Optical multi-mode interference devices based on self-imaging: principles and applications,” J. Lightwave Technol. 13, 615–627 (1995).
[CrossRef]

Spurgeon, C. E.

C. E. Spurgeon, Ethernet: The Definitive Guide (O’Reilly & Associates, Inc., 2000).

Srivatsa, A.

A. Srivatsa, H. de Waardt, M. Hill, G. Khoe, and H. Dorren, “All-optical serial header processing based on two-pulse correlation,” Electron. Lett. 37, 234–235 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Stintz, A.

A. Zilkie, J. Meier, M. Mojahedi, P. Poole, P. Barrios, D. Poitras, T. Rotter, C. Yang, A. Stintz, K. Malloy, P. Smith, and J. Aitchison, “Carrier dynamics of quantum-dot, quantum-dash, and quantum-well semiconductor optical amplifiers operating at 1.55 μm,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 43, 982–991 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Tangdiongga, E.

Teich, M.

B. Saleh and M. Teich, Fundamentals of Photonics (Wiley, 2007), Chap. 2.

Van Dam, C.

M. Smit and C. Van Dam, “PHASAR-based WDM-devices: principles, design and applications,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 2, 236–250 (1996).
[CrossRef]

van der Tol, J.

Y. Barbarin, E. Bente, T. de Vries, J. den Besten, P. van Veldhoven, M. Sander-Jochem, E. Smalbrugge, F. van Otten, E. Geluk, M. Heck, X. Leijtens, J. van der Tol, F. Karouta, Y. Oei, R. Notzel, and M. Smit, “Butt-joint interfaces in InP/InGaAsP waveguides with very low reflectivity and low loss,” in Proc. Symposium IEEE/LEOS Benelux Chapter , (IEEE, 2005).

van Otten, F.

Y. Barbarin, E. Bente, T. de Vries, J. den Besten, P. van Veldhoven, M. Sander-Jochem, E. Smalbrugge, F. van Otten, E. Geluk, M. Heck, X. Leijtens, J. van der Tol, F. Karouta, Y. Oei, R. Notzel, and M. Smit, “Butt-joint interfaces in InP/InGaAsP waveguides with very low reflectivity and low loss,” in Proc. Symposium IEEE/LEOS Benelux Chapter , (IEEE, 2005).

van Veldhoven, P.

Y. Barbarin, E. Bente, T. de Vries, J. den Besten, P. van Veldhoven, M. Sander-Jochem, E. Smalbrugge, F. van Otten, E. Geluk, M. Heck, X. Leijtens, J. van der Tol, F. Karouta, Y. Oei, R. Notzel, and M. Smit, “Butt-joint interfaces in InP/InGaAsP waveguides with very low reflectivity and low loss,” in Proc. Symposium IEEE/LEOS Benelux Chapter , (IEEE, 2005).

Yang, C.

A. Zilkie, J. Meier, M. Mojahedi, P. Poole, P. Barrios, D. Poitras, T. Rotter, C. Yang, A. Stintz, K. Malloy, P. Smith, and J. Aitchison, “Carrier dynamics of quantum-dot, quantum-dash, and quantum-well semiconductor optical amplifiers operating at 1.55 μm,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 43, 982–991 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Yoo, S. J. B.

Zantvoort, J.

F. Soares, F. Karouta, E. Geluk, J. Zantvoort, H. de Waardt, R. Baets, and M. Smit, “Low-loss InP-based spot-size converter based on a vertical taper,” in Proceedings of the 15th European Conference on Integrated Optics (ECIO, 2005), pp. 104–107.

Zilkie, A.

A. Zilkie, J. Meier, M. Mojahedi, P. Poole, P. Barrios, D. Poitras, T. Rotter, C. Yang, A. Stintz, K. Malloy, P. Smith, and J. Aitchison, “Carrier dynamics of quantum-dot, quantum-dash, and quantum-well semiconductor optical amplifiers operating at 1.55 μm,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 43, 982–991 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Electron. Lett. (1)

A. Srivatsa, H. de Waardt, M. Hill, G. Khoe, and H. Dorren, “All-optical serial header processing based on two-pulse correlation,” Electron. Lett. 37, 234–235 (2001).
[CrossRef]

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G. Eisenstein, “Semiconductor Optical Amplifiers,” IEEE Circuits Devices Mag. 5, 25–30 (1989).
[CrossRef]

IEEE Commun. Mag. (1)

C. Cole, B. Huebner, and J. Johnson, “Photonic integration for high-volume, low-cost applications,” IEEE Commun. Mag. 47, S16–S22 (2009).
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R. Bolla, R. Bruschi, F. Davoli, and F. Cucchietti, “Energy efficiency in the future Internet: a survey of existing approaches and trends in energy-aware fixed network infrastructures,” IEEE Commun. Surv. Tutorials PP, 1–22 (2010).

IEEE J. Quantum Electron. (1)

A. Zilkie, J. Meier, M. Mojahedi, P. Poole, P. Barrios, D. Poitras, T. Rotter, C. Yang, A. Stintz, K. Malloy, P. Smith, and J. Aitchison, “Carrier dynamics of quantum-dot, quantum-dash, and quantum-well semiconductor optical amplifiers operating at 1.55 μm,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 43, 982–991 (2007).
[CrossRef]

IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. (2)

M. Smit and C. Van Dam, “PHASAR-based WDM-devices: principles, design and applications,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 2, 236–250 (1996).
[CrossRef]

C. Habib, V. Baby, L. Chen, A. Delisle-Simard, and S. LaRochelle, “All-optical swapping of spectral amplitude code labels using nonlinear media and semiconductor fiber ring lasers,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 14, 879–888 (2008).
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R. Gordon and L. Chen, “Demonstration of all-photonic spectral label-switching for optical MPLS networks,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 18, 586–588 (2006).
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J. Lightwave Technol. (5)

Other (11)

Y. Barbarin, E. Bente, T. de Vries, J. den Besten, P. van Veldhoven, M. Sander-Jochem, E. Smalbrugge, F. van Otten, E. Geluk, M. Heck, X. Leijtens, J. van der Tol, F. Karouta, Y. Oei, R. Notzel, and M. Smit, “Butt-joint interfaces in InP/InGaAsP waveguides with very low reflectivity and low loss,” in Proc. Symposium IEEE/LEOS Benelux Chapter , (IEEE, 2005).

C. E. Spurgeon, Ethernet: The Definitive Guide (O’Reilly & Associates, Inc., 2000).

J. den Besten, “Integration of multiwavelength lasers with fast electro-optical modulators,” Ph.D. thesis, TU Eindhoven (2004).

B. Saleh and M. Teich, Fundamentals of Photonics (Wiley, 2007), Chap. 2.

E. Bente and M. Smit, “Ultrafast InP optical integrated circuits,” in Optoelectronic Integrated Circuits VIII , L.A. Eldada and E.-H. Lee, eds., Proc. SPIE 6124, 612419 (2006).

X. Leijtens, “JePPIX: the platform for InP-based photonics,” in Proceedings of the 15th European Conference on Integrated Optics (ECIO, 2010), pp. ThG3–1/2.

“Cisco visual networking index: forecast and methodology, 2009–2014,” White Paper, Cisco Networks (2010).

P. Seddighian, J. Rosas-Fernández, S. Ayotte, L. Rusch, S. Larochelle, and A. Leon-Garcia, “Low-cost scalable optical packet switching networks with multi-wavelength labels,” in Proc. OFC/NFOEC (2007), paper OthF5.

F. Soares, F. Karouta, E. Geluk, J. Zantvoort, H. de Waardt, R. Baets, and M. Smit, “Low-loss InP-based spot-size converter based on a vertical taper,” in Proceedings of the 15th European Conference on Integrated Optics (ECIO, 2005), pp. 104–107.

R. Garcia-Olcina, “Sistema de fabricacion de altas prestaciones de redes de difraccion de Bragg en fibra y aplicaciones al campo de los sensores opticos y a los sistemas de comunicaciones opticas,” Ph.D. thesis, Universitat Politecnica Valencia (2008).

P. Munñoz, R. Garcia-Olcina, J. D. Domenech, M. Rius, J. Capmany, L. R. Chen, C. Habib, X. J. M. Leijtens, T. de Vries, M. R. Heck, L. M. Augustin, R. Nötzel, and D. J. Robbins, “Multi-wavelength lasers based on an arrayed waveguide grating and Sagnac loop reflectors monolithically integrated on InP,” in Proceedings of the 15th European Conference on Integrated Optics (ECIO, 2010), pp. WeF2–1/2.

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Figures (4)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1

Spectral Amplitude Coded (SAC) label time and wavelength domain representations.

Fig. 2
Fig. 2

Device micro graph, inputs/outputs 1, 2, 3 and SOA’s labeled (a) and characterization setups (b)(c) (TL Tunable Laser, PC Polarization Controller, EOM Electro-Optic Modulator, RFA Radio-Frequency Amplifier, PRBS Pseudo Random Bit Sequence generator, EDFA Erbium Doped Fiber Amplifier, VOA Variable Optical Attenuator, LS Label Swapper chip, LDD Laser Diode Driver, OSA Optical Spectrum Analyzer, FBG Fiber Bragg Grating, CSA Communications Signal Analyzer).

Fig. 3
Fig. 3

Experimental results with setup A, Fig. 2-(b). Input through chip input ‘1’ at wavelength 1561.8 nm, chip output ‘2’ at wavelengths for SOA L i i=1,2,3,4: 1576.30 nm, 1574.61 nm, 1573.01 nm and 1571.32 nm respectively. The colors correspond to those of Fig. 2-(a). Sub-figures (a) and (b) represent the static (CW in/out) and dynamic (modulated in/out) operation of the device, whilst (c) and (d) represent the static and dynamic operation for one input and two simultaneous outputs. The insets in the dynamic traces (b) and (d) are the eye pattern diagrams (155 Mbps if otherwise not indicated), for which the operation point is correspondingly marked in the static curves (a) and (c). All the power values refer to on-chip average power.

Fig. 4
Fig. 4

Experimental results with setup B, Fig. 2-(c). The input wavelengths to SOA L i , i=1,2,3 and 4 are, respectively: 1559.77 nm, 1558.13 nm, 1556.58 nm and 1554.94 nm, output wavelengths as in setup A. The colors correspond to those of Fig. 2-(a). Sub-figure (a) presents the 4 input to 4 output CW operation, and the inset OSA traces correspond to P in = – 30 dBm/0.1 nm/channel -magenta- and P in = 0 dBm/0.1 nm/channel -pink-. OSA traces (b)(c) and (d) show different 4 bit input/output combinations. Markers on the OSA traces match those of the figure. Arrows for the input wavelengths are used, each in the color corresponding to their associated output. All the power values refer to on-chip average power.

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