Abstract

We demonstrate a fully-reconfigurable fourth-order optical lattice filter built by cascading identical unit cells consisting of a Mach-Zehnder interferometer (MZI) and a ring resonator. The filter is fabricated using a commercial silicon complementary metal oxide semiconductor (CMOS) process and reconfigured by current injection into p-i-n diodes with a reconfiguration time of less than 10 ns. The experimental results show full control over the single unit cell pole and zero, switching the unit cell transfer function between a notch filter and a bandpass filter, narrowing the notch width down to 400 MHz, and tuning the center wavelength over the full free spectral range (FSR) of 10 GHz. Theoretical and experimental results show tuning dynamics and associated optical losses in the reconfigurable filters. The full-control of each of the four cascaded single unit cells resulted in demonstrations of a number of fourth-order transfer functions. The multimedia experimental data show live tuning and reconfiguration of optical lattice filters.

© 2011 OSA

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2011 (1)

S. S. Djordjevic, L. W. Luo, S. Ibrahim, N. K. Fontaine, C. B. Poitras, B. Guan, L. Zhou, K. Okamoto, Z. Ding, M. Lipson, and S. J. B. Yoo, “Fully reconfigurable silicon photonic lattice filters with four cascaded unit cells,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 23(1), 42–44 (2011).
[CrossRef]

2010 (3)

2009 (2)

2006 (4)

L. C. Kimerling, D. Ahn, A. B. Apsel, M. Beals, D. Carothers, Y.-K. Chen, T. Conway, D. M. Gill, M. Grove, C.-Y. Hong, M. Lipson, J. Liu, J. Michel, D. Pan, S. S. Patel, A. T. Pomerene, M. Rasras, D. K. Sparacin, K.-Y. Tu, A. E. White, and C. W. Wong, ““Electronic-photonic integrated circuits on the CMOS platform,” in Silicon Photonics, (,” Proc. SPIE 6125, 612502, 612502-10 (2006), http://dx.doi.org/10.1117/12.654455 .
[CrossRef]

R. A. Minasian, “Photonic signal processing of microwave signals,” IEEE Trans. Microw. Theory Tech. 54(2), 832–846 (2006).
[CrossRef]

K. Takada and S.-i. Satoh, “Method for measuring the phase error distribution of a wideband arrayed waveguide grating in the frequency domain,” Opt. Lett. 31(3), 323–325 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

J. Capmany, B. Ortega, and D. Pastor, “A tutorial on microwave photonic filters,” J. Lightwave Technol. 24(1), 201–229 (2006).
[CrossRef]

2005 (3)

1996 (1)

K. Jinguji, “Synthesis of coherent two-port optical delay-line circuit with ring waveguides,” J. Lightwave Technol. 14(8), 1882–1898 (1996).
[CrossRef]

1994 (2)

L. T. Su, J. E. Chung, D. A. Antoniadis, K. E. Goodson, and M. I. Flik, “Measurement and modeling of self-heating in SOI nMOSFET's,” IEEE Trans. Electron. Dev. 41(1), 69–75 (1994).
[CrossRef]

E. M. Dowling and D. L. MacFarlane, “Lightwave lattice filters for optically multiplexed communication systems,” J. Lightwave Technol. 12(3), 471–486 (1994).
[CrossRef]

Agarwal, A.

Ahn, D.

L. C. Kimerling, D. Ahn, A. B. Apsel, M. Beals, D. Carothers, Y.-K. Chen, T. Conway, D. M. Gill, M. Grove, C.-Y. Hong, M. Lipson, J. Liu, J. Michel, D. Pan, S. S. Patel, A. T. Pomerene, M. Rasras, D. K. Sparacin, K.-Y. Tu, A. E. White, and C. W. Wong, ““Electronic-photonic integrated circuits on the CMOS platform,” in Silicon Photonics, (,” Proc. SPIE 6125, 612502, 612502-10 (2006), http://dx.doi.org/10.1117/12.654455 .
[CrossRef]

Antoniadis, D. A.

L. T. Su, J. E. Chung, D. A. Antoniadis, K. E. Goodson, and M. I. Flik, “Measurement and modeling of self-heating in SOI nMOSFET's,” IEEE Trans. Electron. Dev. 41(1), 69–75 (1994).
[CrossRef]

Apsel, A. B.

L. C. Kimerling, D. Ahn, A. B. Apsel, M. Beals, D. Carothers, Y.-K. Chen, T. Conway, D. M. Gill, M. Grove, C.-Y. Hong, M. Lipson, J. Liu, J. Michel, D. Pan, S. S. Patel, A. T. Pomerene, M. Rasras, D. K. Sparacin, K.-Y. Tu, A. E. White, and C. W. Wong, ““Electronic-photonic integrated circuits on the CMOS platform,” in Silicon Photonics, (,” Proc. SPIE 6125, 612502, 612502-10 (2006), http://dx.doi.org/10.1117/12.654455 .
[CrossRef]

Asghari, M.

Banwell, T.

Beals, M.

M. S. Rasras, T. Kun-Yii, D. M. Gill, C. Young-Kai, A. E. White, S. S. Patel, A. Pomerene, D. Carothers, J. Beattie, M. Beals, J. Michel, and L. C. Kimerling, “Demonstration of a tunable microwave-photonic notch filter using low-loss silicon ring resonators,” J. Lightwave Technol. 27(12), 2105–2110 (2009).
[CrossRef]

L. C. Kimerling, D. Ahn, A. B. Apsel, M. Beals, D. Carothers, Y.-K. Chen, T. Conway, D. M. Gill, M. Grove, C.-Y. Hong, M. Lipson, J. Liu, J. Michel, D. Pan, S. S. Patel, A. T. Pomerene, M. Rasras, D. K. Sparacin, K.-Y. Tu, A. E. White, and C. W. Wong, ““Electronic-photonic integrated circuits on the CMOS platform,” in Silicon Photonics, (,” Proc. SPIE 6125, 612502, 612502-10 (2006), http://dx.doi.org/10.1117/12.654455 .
[CrossRef]

Beattie, J.

Ben Yoo, S. J.

Capmany, J.

Carothers, D.

M. S. Rasras, T. Kun-Yii, D. M. Gill, C. Young-Kai, A. E. White, S. S. Patel, A. Pomerene, D. Carothers, J. Beattie, M. Beals, J. Michel, and L. C. Kimerling, “Demonstration of a tunable microwave-photonic notch filter using low-loss silicon ring resonators,” J. Lightwave Technol. 27(12), 2105–2110 (2009).
[CrossRef]

L. C. Kimerling, D. Ahn, A. B. Apsel, M. Beals, D. Carothers, Y.-K. Chen, T. Conway, D. M. Gill, M. Grove, C.-Y. Hong, M. Lipson, J. Liu, J. Michel, D. Pan, S. S. Patel, A. T. Pomerene, M. Rasras, D. K. Sparacin, K.-Y. Tu, A. E. White, and C. W. Wong, ““Electronic-photonic integrated circuits on the CMOS platform,” in Silicon Photonics, (,” Proc. SPIE 6125, 612502, 612502-10 (2006), http://dx.doi.org/10.1117/12.654455 .
[CrossRef]

Chen, Y.-K.

L. C. Kimerling, D. Ahn, A. B. Apsel, M. Beals, D. Carothers, Y.-K. Chen, T. Conway, D. M. Gill, M. Grove, C.-Y. Hong, M. Lipson, J. Liu, J. Michel, D. Pan, S. S. Patel, A. T. Pomerene, M. Rasras, D. K. Sparacin, K.-Y. Tu, A. E. White, and C. W. Wong, ““Electronic-photonic integrated circuits on the CMOS platform,” in Silicon Photonics, (,” Proc. SPIE 6125, 612502, 612502-10 (2006), http://dx.doi.org/10.1117/12.654455 .
[CrossRef]

Chung, J. E.

L. T. Su, J. E. Chung, D. A. Antoniadis, K. E. Goodson, and M. I. Flik, “Measurement and modeling of self-heating in SOI nMOSFET's,” IEEE Trans. Electron. Dev. 41(1), 69–75 (1994).
[CrossRef]

Coldren, L. A.

E. J. Norberg, R. S. Guzzon, S. C. Nicholes, J. S. Parker, and L. A. Coldren, “Programmable photonic lattice filters in InGaAsP–InP,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 22(2), 109–111 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Conway, T.

L. C. Kimerling, D. Ahn, A. B. Apsel, M. Beals, D. Carothers, Y.-K. Chen, T. Conway, D. M. Gill, M. Grove, C.-Y. Hong, M. Lipson, J. Liu, J. Michel, D. Pan, S. S. Patel, A. T. Pomerene, M. Rasras, D. K. Sparacin, K.-Y. Tu, A. E. White, and C. W. Wong, ““Electronic-photonic integrated circuits on the CMOS platform,” in Silicon Photonics, (,” Proc. SPIE 6125, 612502, 612502-10 (2006), http://dx.doi.org/10.1117/12.654455 .
[CrossRef]

Ding, Z.

S. S. Djordjevic, L. W. Luo, S. Ibrahim, N. K. Fontaine, C. B. Poitras, B. Guan, L. Zhou, K. Okamoto, Z. Ding, M. Lipson, and S. J. B. Yoo, “Fully reconfigurable silicon photonic lattice filters with four cascaded unit cells,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 23(1), 42–44 (2011).
[CrossRef]

L.-W. Luo, S. Ibrahim, A. Nitkowski, Z. Ding, C. B. Poitras, S. J. Ben Yoo, and M. Lipson, “High bandwidth on-chip silicon photonic interleaver,” Opt. Express 18(22), 23079–23087 (2010).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Djordjevic, S. S.

S. S. Djordjevic, L. W. Luo, S. Ibrahim, N. K. Fontaine, C. B. Poitras, B. Guan, L. Zhou, K. Okamoto, Z. Ding, M. Lipson, and S. J. B. Yoo, “Fully reconfigurable silicon photonic lattice filters with four cascaded unit cells,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 23(1), 42–44 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Dong, P.

Dowling, E. M.

E. M. Dowling and D. L. MacFarlane, “Lightwave lattice filters for optically multiplexed communication systems,” J. Lightwave Technol. 12(3), 471–486 (1994).
[CrossRef]

Feng, D.

Feng, N.-N.

Flik, M. I.

L. T. Su, J. E. Chung, D. A. Antoniadis, K. E. Goodson, and M. I. Flik, “Measurement and modeling of self-heating in SOI nMOSFET's,” IEEE Trans. Electron. Dev. 41(1), 69–75 (1994).
[CrossRef]

Fontaine, N. K.

S. S. Djordjevic, L. W. Luo, S. Ibrahim, N. K. Fontaine, C. B. Poitras, B. Guan, L. Zhou, K. Okamoto, Z. Ding, M. Lipson, and S. J. B. Yoo, “Fully reconfigurable silicon photonic lattice filters with four cascaded unit cells,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 23(1), 42–44 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Froggatt, M. E.

Fukuda, H.

Gifford, D. K.

Gill, D. M.

M. S. Rasras, T. Kun-Yii, D. M. Gill, C. Young-Kai, A. E. White, S. S. Patel, A. Pomerene, D. Carothers, J. Beattie, M. Beals, J. Michel, and L. C. Kimerling, “Demonstration of a tunable microwave-photonic notch filter using low-loss silicon ring resonators,” J. Lightwave Technol. 27(12), 2105–2110 (2009).
[CrossRef]

L. C. Kimerling, D. Ahn, A. B. Apsel, M. Beals, D. Carothers, Y.-K. Chen, T. Conway, D. M. Gill, M. Grove, C.-Y. Hong, M. Lipson, J. Liu, J. Michel, D. Pan, S. S. Patel, A. T. Pomerene, M. Rasras, D. K. Sparacin, K.-Y. Tu, A. E. White, and C. W. Wong, ““Electronic-photonic integrated circuits on the CMOS platform,” in Silicon Photonics, (,” Proc. SPIE 6125, 612502, 612502-10 (2006), http://dx.doi.org/10.1117/12.654455 .
[CrossRef]

Goodson, K. E.

L. T. Su, J. E. Chung, D. A. Antoniadis, K. E. Goodson, and M. I. Flik, “Measurement and modeling of self-heating in SOI nMOSFET's,” IEEE Trans. Electron. Dev. 41(1), 69–75 (1994).
[CrossRef]

Grove, M.

L. C. Kimerling, D. Ahn, A. B. Apsel, M. Beals, D. Carothers, Y.-K. Chen, T. Conway, D. M. Gill, M. Grove, C.-Y. Hong, M. Lipson, J. Liu, J. Michel, D. Pan, S. S. Patel, A. T. Pomerene, M. Rasras, D. K. Sparacin, K.-Y. Tu, A. E. White, and C. W. Wong, ““Electronic-photonic integrated circuits on the CMOS platform,” in Silicon Photonics, (,” Proc. SPIE 6125, 612502, 612502-10 (2006), http://dx.doi.org/10.1117/12.654455 .
[CrossRef]

Guan, B.

S. S. Djordjevic, L. W. Luo, S. Ibrahim, N. K. Fontaine, C. B. Poitras, B. Guan, L. Zhou, K. Okamoto, Z. Ding, M. Lipson, and S. J. B. Yoo, “Fully reconfigurable silicon photonic lattice filters with four cascaded unit cells,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 23(1), 42–44 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Guzzon, R. S.

E. J. Norberg, R. S. Guzzon, S. C. Nicholes, J. S. Parker, and L. A. Coldren, “Programmable photonic lattice filters in InGaAsP–InP,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 22(2), 109–111 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Hong, C.-Y.

L. C. Kimerling, D. Ahn, A. B. Apsel, M. Beals, D. Carothers, Y.-K. Chen, T. Conway, D. M. Gill, M. Grove, C.-Y. Hong, M. Lipson, J. Liu, J. Michel, D. Pan, S. S. Patel, A. T. Pomerene, M. Rasras, D. K. Sparacin, K.-Y. Tu, A. E. White, and C. W. Wong, ““Electronic-photonic integrated circuits on the CMOS platform,” in Silicon Photonics, (,” Proc. SPIE 6125, 612502, 612502-10 (2006), http://dx.doi.org/10.1117/12.654455 .
[CrossRef]

Ibrahim, S.

S. S. Djordjevic, L. W. Luo, S. Ibrahim, N. K. Fontaine, C. B. Poitras, B. Guan, L. Zhou, K. Okamoto, Z. Ding, M. Lipson, and S. J. B. Yoo, “Fully reconfigurable silicon photonic lattice filters with four cascaded unit cells,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 23(1), 42–44 (2011).
[CrossRef]

L.-W. Luo, S. Ibrahim, A. Nitkowski, Z. Ding, C. B. Poitras, S. J. Ben Yoo, and M. Lipson, “High bandwidth on-chip silicon photonic interleaver,” Opt. Express 18(22), 23079–23087 (2010).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Itabashi, S.-i.

Jinguji, K.

K. Jinguji, “Synthesis of coherent two-port optical delay-line circuit with ring waveguides,” J. Lightwave Technol. 14(8), 1882–1898 (1996).
[CrossRef]

Kimerling, L. C.

M. S. Rasras, T. Kun-Yii, D. M. Gill, C. Young-Kai, A. E. White, S. S. Patel, A. Pomerene, D. Carothers, J. Beattie, M. Beals, J. Michel, and L. C. Kimerling, “Demonstration of a tunable microwave-photonic notch filter using low-loss silicon ring resonators,” J. Lightwave Technol. 27(12), 2105–2110 (2009).
[CrossRef]

L. C. Kimerling, D. Ahn, A. B. Apsel, M. Beals, D. Carothers, Y.-K. Chen, T. Conway, D. M. Gill, M. Grove, C.-Y. Hong, M. Lipson, J. Liu, J. Michel, D. Pan, S. S. Patel, A. T. Pomerene, M. Rasras, D. K. Sparacin, K.-Y. Tu, A. E. White, and C. W. Wong, ““Electronic-photonic integrated circuits on the CMOS platform,” in Silicon Photonics, (,” Proc. SPIE 6125, 612502, 612502-10 (2006), http://dx.doi.org/10.1117/12.654455 .
[CrossRef]

Kun-Yii, T.

Lee, D. C.

Liang, H.

Lipson, M.

S. S. Djordjevic, L. W. Luo, S. Ibrahim, N. K. Fontaine, C. B. Poitras, B. Guan, L. Zhou, K. Okamoto, Z. Ding, M. Lipson, and S. J. B. Yoo, “Fully reconfigurable silicon photonic lattice filters with four cascaded unit cells,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 23(1), 42–44 (2011).
[CrossRef]

L.-W. Luo, S. Ibrahim, A. Nitkowski, Z. Ding, C. B. Poitras, S. J. Ben Yoo, and M. Lipson, “High bandwidth on-chip silicon photonic interleaver,” Opt. Express 18(22), 23079–23087 (2010).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

L. C. Kimerling, D. Ahn, A. B. Apsel, M. Beals, D. Carothers, Y.-K. Chen, T. Conway, D. M. Gill, M. Grove, C.-Y. Hong, M. Lipson, J. Liu, J. Michel, D. Pan, S. S. Patel, A. T. Pomerene, M. Rasras, D. K. Sparacin, K.-Y. Tu, A. E. White, and C. W. Wong, ““Electronic-photonic integrated circuits on the CMOS platform,” in Silicon Photonics, (,” Proc. SPIE 6125, 612502, 612502-10 (2006), http://dx.doi.org/10.1117/12.654455 .
[CrossRef]

Q. Xu, B. Schmidt, S. Pradhan, and M. Lipson, “Micrometre-scale silicon electro-optic modulator,” Nature 435(7040), 325–327 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Liu, J.

L. C. Kimerling, D. Ahn, A. B. Apsel, M. Beals, D. Carothers, Y.-K. Chen, T. Conway, D. M. Gill, M. Grove, C.-Y. Hong, M. Lipson, J. Liu, J. Michel, D. Pan, S. S. Patel, A. T. Pomerene, M. Rasras, D. K. Sparacin, K.-Y. Tu, A. E. White, and C. W. Wong, ““Electronic-photonic integrated circuits on the CMOS platform,” in Silicon Photonics, (,” Proc. SPIE 6125, 612502, 612502-10 (2006), http://dx.doi.org/10.1117/12.654455 .
[CrossRef]

Luff, B. J.

Luo, L. W.

S. S. Djordjevic, L. W. Luo, S. Ibrahim, N. K. Fontaine, C. B. Poitras, B. Guan, L. Zhou, K. Okamoto, Z. Ding, M. Lipson, and S. J. B. Yoo, “Fully reconfigurable silicon photonic lattice filters with four cascaded unit cells,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 23(1), 42–44 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Luo, L.-W.

MacFarlane, D. L.

E. M. Dowling and D. L. MacFarlane, “Lightwave lattice filters for optically multiplexed communication systems,” J. Lightwave Technol. 12(3), 471–486 (1994).
[CrossRef]

Menendez, R.

Michel, J.

M. S. Rasras, T. Kun-Yii, D. M. Gill, C. Young-Kai, A. E. White, S. S. Patel, A. Pomerene, D. Carothers, J. Beattie, M. Beals, J. Michel, and L. C. Kimerling, “Demonstration of a tunable microwave-photonic notch filter using low-loss silicon ring resonators,” J. Lightwave Technol. 27(12), 2105–2110 (2009).
[CrossRef]

L. C. Kimerling, D. Ahn, A. B. Apsel, M. Beals, D. Carothers, Y.-K. Chen, T. Conway, D. M. Gill, M. Grove, C.-Y. Hong, M. Lipson, J. Liu, J. Michel, D. Pan, S. S. Patel, A. T. Pomerene, M. Rasras, D. K. Sparacin, K.-Y. Tu, A. E. White, and C. W. Wong, ““Electronic-photonic integrated circuits on the CMOS platform,” in Silicon Photonics, (,” Proc. SPIE 6125, 612502, 612502-10 (2006), http://dx.doi.org/10.1117/12.654455 .
[CrossRef]

Minasian, R. A.

R. A. Minasian, “Photonic signal processing of microwave signals,” IEEE Trans. Microw. Theory Tech. 54(2), 832–846 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Nicholes, S. C.

E. J. Norberg, R. S. Guzzon, S. C. Nicholes, J. S. Parker, and L. A. Coldren, “Programmable photonic lattice filters in InGaAsP–InP,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 22(2), 109–111 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Nitkowski, A.

Norberg, E. J.

E. J. Norberg, R. S. Guzzon, S. C. Nicholes, J. S. Parker, and L. A. Coldren, “Programmable photonic lattice filters in InGaAsP–InP,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 22(2), 109–111 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Okamoto, K.

S. S. Djordjevic, L. W. Luo, S. Ibrahim, N. K. Fontaine, C. B. Poitras, B. Guan, L. Zhou, K. Okamoto, Z. Ding, M. Lipson, and S. J. B. Yoo, “Fully reconfigurable silicon photonic lattice filters with four cascaded unit cells,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 23(1), 42–44 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Ortega, B.

Pan, D.

L. C. Kimerling, D. Ahn, A. B. Apsel, M. Beals, D. Carothers, Y.-K. Chen, T. Conway, D. M. Gill, M. Grove, C.-Y. Hong, M. Lipson, J. Liu, J. Michel, D. Pan, S. S. Patel, A. T. Pomerene, M. Rasras, D. K. Sparacin, K.-Y. Tu, A. E. White, and C. W. Wong, ““Electronic-photonic integrated circuits on the CMOS platform,” in Silicon Photonics, (,” Proc. SPIE 6125, 612502, 612502-10 (2006), http://dx.doi.org/10.1117/12.654455 .
[CrossRef]

Parker, J. S.

E. J. Norberg, R. S. Guzzon, S. C. Nicholes, J. S. Parker, and L. A. Coldren, “Programmable photonic lattice filters in InGaAsP–InP,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 22(2), 109–111 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Pastor, D.

Patel, S. S.

M. S. Rasras, T. Kun-Yii, D. M. Gill, C. Young-Kai, A. E. White, S. S. Patel, A. Pomerene, D. Carothers, J. Beattie, M. Beals, J. Michel, and L. C. Kimerling, “Demonstration of a tunable microwave-photonic notch filter using low-loss silicon ring resonators,” J. Lightwave Technol. 27(12), 2105–2110 (2009).
[CrossRef]

L. C. Kimerling, D. Ahn, A. B. Apsel, M. Beals, D. Carothers, Y.-K. Chen, T. Conway, D. M. Gill, M. Grove, C.-Y. Hong, M. Lipson, J. Liu, J. Michel, D. Pan, S. S. Patel, A. T. Pomerene, M. Rasras, D. K. Sparacin, K.-Y. Tu, A. E. White, and C. W. Wong, ““Electronic-photonic integrated circuits on the CMOS platform,” in Silicon Photonics, (,” Proc. SPIE 6125, 612502, 612502-10 (2006), http://dx.doi.org/10.1117/12.654455 .
[CrossRef]

Poitras, C. B.

S. S. Djordjevic, L. W. Luo, S. Ibrahim, N. K. Fontaine, C. B. Poitras, B. Guan, L. Zhou, K. Okamoto, Z. Ding, M. Lipson, and S. J. B. Yoo, “Fully reconfigurable silicon photonic lattice filters with four cascaded unit cells,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 23(1), 42–44 (2011).
[CrossRef]

L.-W. Luo, S. Ibrahim, A. Nitkowski, Z. Ding, C. B. Poitras, S. J. Ben Yoo, and M. Lipson, “High bandwidth on-chip silicon photonic interleaver,” Opt. Express 18(22), 23079–23087 (2010).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Pomerene, A.

Pomerene, A. T.

L. C. Kimerling, D. Ahn, A. B. Apsel, M. Beals, D. Carothers, Y.-K. Chen, T. Conway, D. M. Gill, M. Grove, C.-Y. Hong, M. Lipson, J. Liu, J. Michel, D. Pan, S. S. Patel, A. T. Pomerene, M. Rasras, D. K. Sparacin, K.-Y. Tu, A. E. White, and C. W. Wong, ““Electronic-photonic integrated circuits on the CMOS platform,” in Silicon Photonics, (,” Proc. SPIE 6125, 612502, 612502-10 (2006), http://dx.doi.org/10.1117/12.654455 .
[CrossRef]

Pradhan, S.

Q. Xu, B. Schmidt, S. Pradhan, and M. Lipson, “Micrometre-scale silicon electro-optic modulator,” Nature 435(7040), 325–327 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Qian, W.

Rasras, M.

L. C. Kimerling, D. Ahn, A. B. Apsel, M. Beals, D. Carothers, Y.-K. Chen, T. Conway, D. M. Gill, M. Grove, C.-Y. Hong, M. Lipson, J. Liu, J. Michel, D. Pan, S. S. Patel, A. T. Pomerene, M. Rasras, D. K. Sparacin, K.-Y. Tu, A. E. White, and C. W. Wong, ““Electronic-photonic integrated circuits on the CMOS platform,” in Silicon Photonics, (,” Proc. SPIE 6125, 612502, 612502-10 (2006), http://dx.doi.org/10.1117/12.654455 .
[CrossRef]

Rasras, M. S.

Richardson, D. J.

D. J. Richardson, “Silicon photonics: Beating the electronics bottleneck,” Nat. Photonics 3(10), 562–564 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Satoh, S.-i.

Schmidt, B.

Q. Xu, B. Schmidt, S. Pradhan, and M. Lipson, “Micrometre-scale silicon electro-optic modulator,” Nature 435(7040), 325–327 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Shoji, T.

Soller, B. J.

Sparacin, D. K.

L. C. Kimerling, D. Ahn, A. B. Apsel, M. Beals, D. Carothers, Y.-K. Chen, T. Conway, D. M. Gill, M. Grove, C.-Y. Hong, M. Lipson, J. Liu, J. Michel, D. Pan, S. S. Patel, A. T. Pomerene, M. Rasras, D. K. Sparacin, K.-Y. Tu, A. E. White, and C. W. Wong, ““Electronic-photonic integrated circuits on the CMOS platform,” in Silicon Photonics, (,” Proc. SPIE 6125, 612502, 612502-10 (2006), http://dx.doi.org/10.1117/12.654455 .
[CrossRef]

Su, L. T.

L. T. Su, J. E. Chung, D. A. Antoniadis, K. E. Goodson, and M. I. Flik, “Measurement and modeling of self-heating in SOI nMOSFET's,” IEEE Trans. Electron. Dev. 41(1), 69–75 (1994).
[CrossRef]

Takada, K.

Takahashi, J.-i.

Takahashi, M.

Toliver, P.

Tsuchizawa, T.

Tu, K.-Y.

L. C. Kimerling, D. Ahn, A. B. Apsel, M. Beals, D. Carothers, Y.-K. Chen, T. Conway, D. M. Gill, M. Grove, C.-Y. Hong, M. Lipson, J. Liu, J. Michel, D. Pan, S. S. Patel, A. T. Pomerene, M. Rasras, D. K. Sparacin, K.-Y. Tu, A. E. White, and C. W. Wong, ““Electronic-photonic integrated circuits on the CMOS platform,” in Silicon Photonics, (,” Proc. SPIE 6125, 612502, 612502-10 (2006), http://dx.doi.org/10.1117/12.654455 .
[CrossRef]

Watanabe, T.

White, A. E.

M. S. Rasras, T. Kun-Yii, D. M. Gill, C. Young-Kai, A. E. White, S. S. Patel, A. Pomerene, D. Carothers, J. Beattie, M. Beals, J. Michel, and L. C. Kimerling, “Demonstration of a tunable microwave-photonic notch filter using low-loss silicon ring resonators,” J. Lightwave Technol. 27(12), 2105–2110 (2009).
[CrossRef]

L. C. Kimerling, D. Ahn, A. B. Apsel, M. Beals, D. Carothers, Y.-K. Chen, T. Conway, D. M. Gill, M. Grove, C.-Y. Hong, M. Lipson, J. Liu, J. Michel, D. Pan, S. S. Patel, A. T. Pomerene, M. Rasras, D. K. Sparacin, K.-Y. Tu, A. E. White, and C. W. Wong, ““Electronic-photonic integrated circuits on the CMOS platform,” in Silicon Photonics, (,” Proc. SPIE 6125, 612502, 612502-10 (2006), http://dx.doi.org/10.1117/12.654455 .
[CrossRef]

Wolfe, M. S.

Wong, C. W.

L. C. Kimerling, D. Ahn, A. B. Apsel, M. Beals, D. Carothers, Y.-K. Chen, T. Conway, D. M. Gill, M. Grove, C.-Y. Hong, M. Lipson, J. Liu, J. Michel, D. Pan, S. S. Patel, A. T. Pomerene, M. Rasras, D. K. Sparacin, K.-Y. Tu, A. E. White, and C. W. Wong, ““Electronic-photonic integrated circuits on the CMOS platform,” in Silicon Photonics, (,” Proc. SPIE 6125, 612502, 612502-10 (2006), http://dx.doi.org/10.1117/12.654455 .
[CrossRef]

Woodward, T. K.

Xu, Q.

Q. Xu, B. Schmidt, S. Pradhan, and M. Lipson, “Micrometre-scale silicon electro-optic modulator,” Nature 435(7040), 325–327 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Yamada, K.

Yoo, S. J. B.

S. S. Djordjevic, L. W. Luo, S. Ibrahim, N. K. Fontaine, C. B. Poitras, B. Guan, L. Zhou, K. Okamoto, Z. Ding, M. Lipson, and S. J. B. Yoo, “Fully reconfigurable silicon photonic lattice filters with four cascaded unit cells,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 23(1), 42–44 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Young-Kai, C.

Zhou, L.

S. S. Djordjevic, L. W. Luo, S. Ibrahim, N. K. Fontaine, C. B. Poitras, B. Guan, L. Zhou, K. Okamoto, Z. Ding, M. Lipson, and S. J. B. Yoo, “Fully reconfigurable silicon photonic lattice filters with four cascaded unit cells,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 23(1), 42–44 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Appl. Opt. (1)

IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. (2)

S. S. Djordjevic, L. W. Luo, S. Ibrahim, N. K. Fontaine, C. B. Poitras, B. Guan, L. Zhou, K. Okamoto, Z. Ding, M. Lipson, and S. J. B. Yoo, “Fully reconfigurable silicon photonic lattice filters with four cascaded unit cells,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 23(1), 42–44 (2011).
[CrossRef]

E. J. Norberg, R. S. Guzzon, S. C. Nicholes, J. S. Parker, and L. A. Coldren, “Programmable photonic lattice filters in InGaAsP–InP,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 22(2), 109–111 (2010).
[CrossRef]

IEEE Trans. Electron. Dev. (1)

L. T. Su, J. E. Chung, D. A. Antoniadis, K. E. Goodson, and M. I. Flik, “Measurement and modeling of self-heating in SOI nMOSFET's,” IEEE Trans. Electron. Dev. 41(1), 69–75 (1994).
[CrossRef]

IEEE Trans. Microw. Theory Tech. (1)

R. A. Minasian, “Photonic signal processing of microwave signals,” IEEE Trans. Microw. Theory Tech. 54(2), 832–846 (2006).
[CrossRef]

J. Lightwave Technol. (4)

Nat. Photonics (1)

D. J. Richardson, “Silicon photonics: Beating the electronics bottleneck,” Nat. Photonics 3(10), 562–564 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Nature (1)

Q. Xu, B. Schmidt, S. Pradhan, and M. Lipson, “Micrometre-scale silicon electro-optic modulator,” Nature 435(7040), 325–327 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Opt. Express (3)

Opt. Lett. (1)

Proc. SPIE (1)

L. C. Kimerling, D. Ahn, A. B. Apsel, M. Beals, D. Carothers, Y.-K. Chen, T. Conway, D. M. Gill, M. Grove, C.-Y. Hong, M. Lipson, J. Liu, J. Michel, D. Pan, S. S. Patel, A. T. Pomerene, M. Rasras, D. K. Sparacin, K.-Y. Tu, A. E. White, and C. W. Wong, ““Electronic-photonic integrated circuits on the CMOS platform,” in Silicon Photonics, (,” Proc. SPIE 6125, 612502, 612502-10 (2006), http://dx.doi.org/10.1117/12.654455 .
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Supplementary Material (2)

» Media 1: AVI (4505 KB)     
» Media 2: AVI (1322 KB)     

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Figures (9)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1

(a) Schematic of a single unit cell, red boxes indicate phase shifter electrodes. (b) Simulation showing the mode size in both the narrow (0.5 µm) and wide (3 µm) waveguides. (c) Schematic of a four-unit-cell filter.

Fig. 2
Fig. 2

An illustration showing the device fabrication process.

Fig. 3
Fig. 3

Unit cell data. (a) Example amplitude and phase measurement (grey) and fit (blue, red) of unit cell configured as a bandpass filter with a 400-MHz, 3-dB bandwidth. (b) Fitted pole and zero. (c) Extracted pole magnitude plotted for independent current sweeps of each phase shifter electrode in Fig. 1(a).

Fig. 4
Fig. 4

Measured ring phase-shifter phase shift and loss versus driving current.

Fig. 5
Fig. 5

(a) An illustration of the modulator structure used to measure the device reconfiguration speed. (b) The modulator response for a 15-MHz square wave current signal (0-5mA). (c) Modulator response for a 10-kHz square wave current input (0-5mA).

Fig. 6
Fig. 6

Measured impulse response (top) and transmission (bottom) for bandpass filters with (a) small pole (Media 1) (b) medium pole (c) large pole created from a single unit cell. Red curves indicate H 11 transmission and blue curves indicate the H 21 transmission. Insets show the drive currents to electrodes 1, 2, 3, 4 and 6 (bar plot) for each measured response and the corresponding pole and zero fit around the unit circle.

Fig. 7
Fig. 7

Single unit cell configured as a (a) notch filter (Media 2) and (b) bandpass filter. Insets show the drive currents to electrodes 1, 2, 3, 4 and 6 (bar plot) for each measured response and the corresponding pole and zero fit around the unit circle.

Fig. 8
Fig. 8

Four-unit-cell filter measurements. (a) 600 MHz −1-dB bandwidth bandpass filter optimized for the H 21 transmission. (b) 2 GHz −1-dB bandwidth bandpass filter optimized for the H 11 transmission.

Fig. 9
Fig. 9

Measured transmission across 95 FSRs. Inset shows filter shape within two FSRs.

Equations (3)

Equations on this page are rendered with MathJax. Learn more.

H ring = ρ r γ e j ϕ 6 z 1 1 ρ r γ e j ϕ 6 z 1 = N r D r
[ O 1 O 2 ] = H cell [ I 1 I 2 ] = 1 D r [ ρ o N r j κ o e j ϕ 1 D r j κ o N r ρ o e j ϕ 1 D r ] [ I 1 I 2 ]
H filter = i H cell , i

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