Abstract

We investigate through numerical studies and experiments the performance of a large scale, silica-on-silicon photonic integrated circuit for multi-format regeneration and wavelength-conversion. The circuit encompasses a monolithically integrated array of four SOAs inside two parallel Mach-Zehnder structures, four delay interferometers and a large number of silica waveguides and couplers. Exploiting phase-incoherent techniques, the circuit is capable of processing OOK signals at variable bit rates, DPSK signals at 22 or 44 Gb/s and DQPSK signals at 44 Gbaud. Simulation studies reveal the wavelength-conversion potential of the circuit with enhanced regenerative capabilities for OOK and DPSK modulation formats and acceptable quality degradation for DQPSK format. Regeneration of 22 Gb/s OOK signals with amplified spontaneous emission (ASE) noise and DPSK data signals degraded with amplitude, phase and ASE noise is experimentally validated demonstrating a power penalty improvement up to 1.5 dB.

© 2011 OSA

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2010 (1)

Ch. Kouloumentas, M. Bougioukos, A. Maziotis, and H. Avramopoulos, “DPSK regeneration at 40 Gb/s and Beyond Using a Fiber-Sagnac Interferometer,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 22(16), 1187–1189 (2010).
[CrossRef]

2009 (1)

2008 (2)

S. Sygletos, I. Tomkos, and J. Leuthold, “Technological challenges on the road toward transparent networking,” J. Opt. Netw. 7(4), 321–350 (2008).
[CrossRef]

I. Kang, C. Dorrer, Z. Liming, M. Dinu, M. Rasras, L. L. Buhl, S. Cabot, A. Bhardwaj, L. Xiang, M. A. Cappuzzo, L. Gomez, A. Wong-Foy, Y. F. Chen, N. K. Dutta, S. S. Patel, D. T. Neilson, C. R. Giles, A. Piccirilli, and J. Jaques, “Characterization of the Dynamical Processes in All-Optical Signal Processing Using Semiconductor Optical Amplifiers,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 14, 758–769 (2008).
[CrossRef]

2007 (2)

2006 (3)

2004 (1)

2003 (1)

1993 (1)

K. Tajima, “All-optical switch with switch-off time unrestricted by carrier lifetime,” Jpn. J. Appl. Phys. 32(Part 2, No. 12A), L1746–L1749 (1993).
[CrossRef]

Apostolopoulos, D.

Avramopoulos, H.

Bakopoulos, P.

Bhardwaj, A.

I. Kang, C. Dorrer, Z. Liming, M. Dinu, M. Rasras, L. L. Buhl, S. Cabot, A. Bhardwaj, L. Xiang, M. A. Cappuzzo, L. Gomez, A. Wong-Foy, Y. F. Chen, N. K. Dutta, S. S. Patel, D. T. Neilson, C. R. Giles, A. Piccirilli, and J. Jaques, “Characterization of the Dynamical Processes in All-Optical Signal Processing Using Semiconductor Optical Amplifiers,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 14, 758–769 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Bintjas, C.

Bornholdt, C.

P. Vorreau, A. Marculescu, J. Wang, G. Bottger, B. Sartorius, C. Bornholdt, J. Slovak, M. Schlak, C. Schmidt, S. Tsadka, W. Freude, and J. Leuthold, “Cascadability and Regenerative Properties of SOA All-Optical DPSK Wavelength Converters,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 18(18), 1970–1972 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Bottger, G.

P. Vorreau, A. Marculescu, J. Wang, G. Bottger, B. Sartorius, C. Bornholdt, J. Slovak, M. Schlak, C. Schmidt, S. Tsadka, W. Freude, and J. Leuthold, “Cascadability and Regenerative Properties of SOA All-Optical DPSK Wavelength Converters,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 18(18), 1970–1972 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Bougioukos, M.

Ch. Kouloumentas, M. Bougioukos, A. Maziotis, and H. Avramopoulos, “DPSK regeneration at 40 Gb/s and Beyond Using a Fiber-Sagnac Interferometer,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 22(16), 1187–1189 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Buhl, L. L.

I. Kang, C. Dorrer, Z. Liming, M. Dinu, M. Rasras, L. L. Buhl, S. Cabot, A. Bhardwaj, L. Xiang, M. A. Cappuzzo, L. Gomez, A. Wong-Foy, Y. F. Chen, N. K. Dutta, S. S. Patel, D. T. Neilson, C. R. Giles, A. Piccirilli, and J. Jaques, “Characterization of the Dynamical Processes in All-Optical Signal Processing Using Semiconductor Optical Amplifiers,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 14, 758–769 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Bunge, C.-A.

Cabot, S.

I. Kang, C. Dorrer, Z. Liming, M. Dinu, M. Rasras, L. L. Buhl, S. Cabot, A. Bhardwaj, L. Xiang, M. A. Cappuzzo, L. Gomez, A. Wong-Foy, Y. F. Chen, N. K. Dutta, S. S. Patel, D. T. Neilson, C. R. Giles, A. Piccirilli, and J. Jaques, “Characterization of the Dynamical Processes in All-Optical Signal Processing Using Semiconductor Optical Amplifiers,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 14, 758–769 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Cappuzzo, M. A.

I. Kang, C. Dorrer, Z. Liming, M. Dinu, M. Rasras, L. L. Buhl, S. Cabot, A. Bhardwaj, L. Xiang, M. A. Cappuzzo, L. Gomez, A. Wong-Foy, Y. F. Chen, N. K. Dutta, S. S. Patel, D. T. Neilson, C. R. Giles, A. Piccirilli, and J. Jaques, “Characterization of the Dynamical Processes in All-Optical Signal Processing Using Semiconductor Optical Amplifiers,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 14, 758–769 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Chen, Y. F.

I. Kang, C. Dorrer, Z. Liming, M. Dinu, M. Rasras, L. L. Buhl, S. Cabot, A. Bhardwaj, L. Xiang, M. A. Cappuzzo, L. Gomez, A. Wong-Foy, Y. F. Chen, N. K. Dutta, S. S. Patel, D. T. Neilson, C. R. Giles, A. Piccirilli, and J. Jaques, “Characterization of the Dynamical Processes in All-Optical Signal Processing Using Semiconductor Optical Amplifiers,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 14, 758–769 (2008).
[CrossRef]

de Melo, A. M.

Devgan, P.

Dinu, M.

I. Kang, C. Dorrer, Z. Liming, M. Dinu, M. Rasras, L. L. Buhl, S. Cabot, A. Bhardwaj, L. Xiang, M. A. Cappuzzo, L. Gomez, A. Wong-Foy, Y. F. Chen, N. K. Dutta, S. S. Patel, D. T. Neilson, C. R. Giles, A. Piccirilli, and J. Jaques, “Characterization of the Dynamical Processes in All-Optical Signal Processing Using Semiconductor Optical Amplifiers,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 14, 758–769 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Dorren, H. J. S.

Dorrer, C.

I. Kang, C. Dorrer, Z. Liming, M. Dinu, M. Rasras, L. L. Buhl, S. Cabot, A. Bhardwaj, L. Xiang, M. A. Cappuzzo, L. Gomez, A. Wong-Foy, Y. F. Chen, N. K. Dutta, S. S. Patel, D. T. Neilson, C. R. Giles, A. Piccirilli, and J. Jaques, “Characterization of the Dynamical Processes in All-Optical Signal Processing Using Semiconductor Optical Amplifiers,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 14, 758–769 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Dutta, N. K.

I. Kang, C. Dorrer, Z. Liming, M. Dinu, M. Rasras, L. L. Buhl, S. Cabot, A. Bhardwaj, L. Xiang, M. A. Cappuzzo, L. Gomez, A. Wong-Foy, Y. F. Chen, N. K. Dutta, S. S. Patel, D. T. Neilson, C. R. Giles, A. Piccirilli, and J. Jaques, “Characterization of the Dynamical Processes in All-Optical Signal Processing Using Semiconductor Optical Amplifiers,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 14, 758–769 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Elschner, R.

Freude, W.

J. Wang, A. Maitra, W. Freude, and J. Leuthold, “Regenerative properties of interferometricall-optical DPSK wavelength converters,” Opt. Express 17(25), 22639–22658 (2009).
[CrossRef]

P. Vorreau, A. Marculescu, J. Wang, G. Bottger, B. Sartorius, C. Bornholdt, J. Slovak, M. Schlak, C. Schmidt, S. Tsadka, W. Freude, and J. Leuthold, “Cascadability and Regenerative Properties of SOA All-Optical DPSK Wavelength Converters,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 18(18), 1970–1972 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Giles, C. R.

I. Kang, C. Dorrer, Z. Liming, M. Dinu, M. Rasras, L. L. Buhl, S. Cabot, A. Bhardwaj, L. Xiang, M. A. Cappuzzo, L. Gomez, A. Wong-Foy, Y. F. Chen, N. K. Dutta, S. S. Patel, D. T. Neilson, C. R. Giles, A. Piccirilli, and J. Jaques, “Characterization of the Dynamical Processes in All-Optical Signal Processing Using Semiconductor Optical Amplifiers,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 14, 758–769 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Gomez, L.

I. Kang, C. Dorrer, Z. Liming, M. Dinu, M. Rasras, L. L. Buhl, S. Cabot, A. Bhardwaj, L. Xiang, M. A. Cappuzzo, L. Gomez, A. Wong-Foy, Y. F. Chen, N. K. Dutta, S. S. Patel, D. T. Neilson, C. R. Giles, A. Piccirilli, and J. Jaques, “Characterization of the Dynamical Processes in All-Optical Signal Processing Using Semiconductor Optical Amplifiers,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 14, 758–769 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Grigoryan, V. S.

Guekos, G.

Holm-Nielsen, P. V.

Jaques, J.

I. Kang, C. Dorrer, Z. Liming, M. Dinu, M. Rasras, L. L. Buhl, S. Cabot, A. Bhardwaj, L. Xiang, M. A. Cappuzzo, L. Gomez, A. Wong-Foy, Y. F. Chen, N. K. Dutta, S. S. Patel, D. T. Neilson, C. R. Giles, A. Piccirilli, and J. Jaques, “Characterization of the Dynamical Processes in All-Optical Signal Processing Using Semiconductor Optical Amplifiers,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 14, 758–769 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Jeppesen, P.

Kanellos, G. T.

Kang, I.

I. Kang, C. Dorrer, Z. Liming, M. Dinu, M. Rasras, L. L. Buhl, S. Cabot, A. Bhardwaj, L. Xiang, M. A. Cappuzzo, L. Gomez, A. Wong-Foy, Y. F. Chen, N. K. Dutta, S. S. Patel, D. T. Neilson, C. R. Giles, A. Piccirilli, and J. Jaques, “Characterization of the Dynamical Processes in All-Optical Signal Processing Using Semiconductor Optical Amplifiers,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 14, 758–769 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Kehayas, E.

Kim, H.

Kouloumentas, Ch.

Ch. Kouloumentas, M. Bougioukos, A. Maziotis, and H. Avramopoulos, “DPSK regeneration at 40 Gb/s and Beyond Using a Fiber-Sagnac Interferometer,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 22(16), 1187–1189 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Kumar, P.

Lasri, J.

Leuthold, J.

J. Wang, A. Maitra, W. Freude, and J. Leuthold, “Regenerative properties of interferometricall-optical DPSK wavelength converters,” Opt. Express 17(25), 22639–22658 (2009).
[CrossRef]

S. Sygletos, I. Tomkos, and J. Leuthold, “Technological challenges on the road toward transparent networking,” J. Opt. Netw. 7(4), 321–350 (2008).
[CrossRef]

P. Vorreau, A. Marculescu, J. Wang, G. Bottger, B. Sartorius, C. Bornholdt, J. Slovak, M. Schlak, C. Schmidt, S. Tsadka, W. Freude, and J. Leuthold, “Cascadability and Regenerative Properties of SOA All-Optical DPSK Wavelength Converters,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 18(18), 1970–1972 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Liming, Z.

I. Kang, C. Dorrer, Z. Liming, M. Dinu, M. Rasras, L. L. Buhl, S. Cabot, A. Bhardwaj, L. Xiang, M. A. Cappuzzo, L. Gomez, A. Wong-Foy, Y. F. Chen, N. K. Dutta, S. S. Patel, D. T. Neilson, C. R. Giles, A. Piccirilli, and J. Jaques, “Characterization of the Dynamical Processes in All-Optical Signal Processing Using Semiconductor Optical Amplifiers,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 14, 758–769 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Liu, Y.

Maitra, A.

Marculescu, A.

P. Vorreau, A. Marculescu, J. Wang, G. Bottger, B. Sartorius, C. Bornholdt, J. Slovak, M. Schlak, C. Schmidt, S. Tsadka, W. Freude, and J. Leuthold, “Cascadability and Regenerative Properties of SOA All-Optical DPSK Wavelength Converters,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 18(18), 1970–1972 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Maxwell, G.

Maziotis, A.

Ch. Kouloumentas, M. Bougioukos, A. Maziotis, and H. Avramopoulos, “DPSK regeneration at 40 Gb/s and Beyond Using a Fiber-Sagnac Interferometer,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 22(16), 1187–1189 (2010).
[CrossRef]

McDougall, R.

Neilson, D. T.

I. Kang, C. Dorrer, Z. Liming, M. Dinu, M. Rasras, L. L. Buhl, S. Cabot, A. Bhardwaj, L. Xiang, M. A. Cappuzzo, L. Gomez, A. Wong-Foy, Y. F. Chen, N. K. Dutta, S. S. Patel, D. T. Neilson, C. R. Giles, A. Piccirilli, and J. Jaques, “Characterization of the Dynamical Processes in All-Optical Signal Processing Using Semiconductor Optical Amplifiers,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 14, 758–769 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Patel, S. S.

I. Kang, C. Dorrer, Z. Liming, M. Dinu, M. Rasras, L. L. Buhl, S. Cabot, A. Bhardwaj, L. Xiang, M. A. Cappuzzo, L. Gomez, A. Wong-Foy, Y. F. Chen, N. K. Dutta, S. S. Patel, D. T. Neilson, C. R. Giles, A. Piccirilli, and J. Jaques, “Characterization of the Dynamical Processes in All-Optical Signal Processing Using Semiconductor Optical Amplifiers,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 14, 758–769 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Petermann, K.

Petrantonakis, D.

Piccirilli, A.

I. Kang, C. Dorrer, Z. Liming, M. Dinu, M. Rasras, L. L. Buhl, S. Cabot, A. Bhardwaj, L. Xiang, M. A. Cappuzzo, L. Gomez, A. Wong-Foy, Y. F. Chen, N. K. Dutta, S. S. Patel, D. T. Neilson, C. R. Giles, A. Piccirilli, and J. Jaques, “Characterization of the Dynamical Processes in All-Optical Signal Processing Using Semiconductor Optical Amplifiers,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 14, 758–769 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Pleros, N.

Poustie, A.

Rasras, M.

I. Kang, C. Dorrer, Z. Liming, M. Dinu, M. Rasras, L. L. Buhl, S. Cabot, A. Bhardwaj, L. Xiang, M. A. Cappuzzo, L. Gomez, A. Wong-Foy, Y. F. Chen, N. K. Dutta, S. S. Patel, D. T. Neilson, C. R. Giles, A. Piccirilli, and J. Jaques, “Characterization of the Dynamical Processes in All-Optical Signal Processing Using Semiconductor Optical Amplifiers,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 14, 758–769 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Sartorius, B.

P. Vorreau, A. Marculescu, J. Wang, G. Bottger, B. Sartorius, C. Bornholdt, J. Slovak, M. Schlak, C. Schmidt, S. Tsadka, W. Freude, and J. Leuthold, “Cascadability and Regenerative Properties of SOA All-Optical DPSK Wavelength Converters,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 18(18), 1970–1972 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Schlak, M.

P. Vorreau, A. Marculescu, J. Wang, G. Bottger, B. Sartorius, C. Bornholdt, J. Slovak, M. Schlak, C. Schmidt, S. Tsadka, W. Freude, and J. Leuthold, “Cascadability and Regenerative Properties of SOA All-Optical DPSK Wavelength Converters,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 18(18), 1970–1972 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Schmidt, C.

P. Vorreau, A. Marculescu, J. Wang, G. Bottger, B. Sartorius, C. Bornholdt, J. Slovak, M. Schlak, C. Schmidt, S. Tsadka, W. Freude, and J. Leuthold, “Cascadability and Regenerative Properties of SOA All-Optical DPSK Wavelength Converters,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 18(18), 1970–1972 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Seoane, J.

Shin, M.

Slovak, J.

P. Vorreau, A. Marculescu, J. Wang, G. Bottger, B. Sartorius, C. Bornholdt, J. Slovak, M. Schlak, C. Schmidt, S. Tsadka, W. Freude, and J. Leuthold, “Cascadability and Regenerative Properties of SOA All-Optical DPSK Wavelength Converters,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 18(18), 1970–1972 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Stampoulidis, L.

Sygletos, S.

Tajima, K.

K. Tajima, “All-optical switch with switch-off time unrestricted by carrier lifetime,” Jpn. J. Appl. Phys. 32(Part 2, No. 12A), L1746–L1749 (1993).
[CrossRef]

Tomkos, I.

Tsadka, S.

P. Vorreau, A. Marculescu, J. Wang, G. Bottger, B. Sartorius, C. Bornholdt, J. Slovak, M. Schlak, C. Schmidt, S. Tsadka, W. Freude, and J. Leuthold, “Cascadability and Regenerative Properties of SOA All-Optical DPSK Wavelength Converters,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 18(18), 1970–1972 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Tsiokos, D.

Vlachos, K.

Vorreau, P.

P. Vorreau, A. Marculescu, J. Wang, G. Bottger, B. Sartorius, C. Bornholdt, J. Slovak, M. Schlak, C. Schmidt, S. Tsadka, W. Freude, and J. Leuthold, “Cascadability and Regenerative Properties of SOA All-Optical DPSK Wavelength Converters,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 18(18), 1970–1972 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Wang, J.

J. Wang, A. Maitra, W. Freude, and J. Leuthold, “Regenerative properties of interferometricall-optical DPSK wavelength converters,” Opt. Express 17(25), 22639–22658 (2009).
[CrossRef]

P. Vorreau, A. Marculescu, J. Wang, G. Bottger, B. Sartorius, C. Bornholdt, J. Slovak, M. Schlak, C. Schmidt, S. Tsadka, W. Freude, and J. Leuthold, “Cascadability and Regenerative Properties of SOA All-Optical DPSK Wavelength Converters,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 18(18), 1970–1972 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Winzer, P. J.

Wong-Foy, A.

I. Kang, C. Dorrer, Z. Liming, M. Dinu, M. Rasras, L. L. Buhl, S. Cabot, A. Bhardwaj, L. Xiang, M. A. Cappuzzo, L. Gomez, A. Wong-Foy, Y. F. Chen, N. K. Dutta, S. S. Patel, D. T. Neilson, C. R. Giles, A. Piccirilli, and J. Jaques, “Characterization of the Dynamical Processes in All-Optical Signal Processing Using Semiconductor Optical Amplifiers,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 14, 758–769 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Xiang, L.

I. Kang, C. Dorrer, Z. Liming, M. Dinu, M. Rasras, L. L. Buhl, S. Cabot, A. Bhardwaj, L. Xiang, M. A. Cappuzzo, L. Gomez, A. Wong-Foy, Y. F. Chen, N. K. Dutta, S. S. Patel, D. T. Neilson, C. R. Giles, A. Piccirilli, and J. Jaques, “Characterization of the Dynamical Processes in All-Optical Signal Processing Using Semiconductor Optical Amplifiers,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 14, 758–769 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Zakynthinos, P.

Zhang, S.

IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. (1)

I. Kang, C. Dorrer, Z. Liming, M. Dinu, M. Rasras, L. L. Buhl, S. Cabot, A. Bhardwaj, L. Xiang, M. A. Cappuzzo, L. Gomez, A. Wong-Foy, Y. F. Chen, N. K. Dutta, S. S. Patel, D. T. Neilson, C. R. Giles, A. Piccirilli, and J. Jaques, “Characterization of the Dynamical Processes in All-Optical Signal Processing Using Semiconductor Optical Amplifiers,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 14, 758–769 (2008).
[CrossRef]

IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. (2)

P. Vorreau, A. Marculescu, J. Wang, G. Bottger, B. Sartorius, C. Bornholdt, J. Slovak, M. Schlak, C. Schmidt, S. Tsadka, W. Freude, and J. Leuthold, “Cascadability and Regenerative Properties of SOA All-Optical DPSK Wavelength Converters,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 18(18), 1970–1972 (2006).
[CrossRef]

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Figures (8)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1

Concept of: (a) OOK regeneration, (b) DPSK regeneration, and (c) DQPSK wavelength conversion.

Fig. 2
Fig. 2

(a) Layout of the multi-format processor, (b) blueprint of its silica motherboard, and (c) packaged and pigtailed device used in the experimental studies.

Fig. 3
Fig. 3

Q-factor improvement at the output of the regenerator for: (a) OOK signals with different types and degrees of input signal degradation, and (b) decoded DPSK signals for different types and degrees of input DPSK signal degradation.

Fig. 4
Fig. 4

Upper row: eye-diagrams of the 22 Gb/s OOK signals at (a) the input, and (b) the output of the regenerator, corresponding to the maximum Q-factor improvement in Fig. 3a. Lower row: eye-diagrams of the decoded DPSK signals at (c) the input, and (d) the output of the regenerator, corresponding to the maximum Q-factor improvement in Fig. 3b.

Fig. 5
Fig. 5

Upper row: (a) Eye-diagram of the degraded input DQPSK signal, (b) constellation-diagram of the degraded input DQPSK signal, and (c) eye-diagram of the corresponding decoded I-component. Lower row: respective diagrams for the wavelength-converted QPSK signal at the output.

Fig. 6
Fig. 6

Experimental setup for OOK and PSK regeneration using the MFPC.

Fig. 7
Fig. 7

Measurements for operation with degraded OOK and PSK signals: BER curves for (a) OOK signals with ASE-noise, (b) PSK signals with ASE-noise, (c) PSK signals with phase-noise, and (d) PSK signals with amplitude-noise.

Fig. 8
Fig. 8

Experimental eye-diagrams of the back-to-back (left column) signals, the degraded input signals (middle column) and the regenerated output signals (right column): (a) OOK signals with added ASE noise, (b) PSK signals and corresponding decoded signals for ASE noise, (c) PSK signals and corresponding decoded signals for phase noise, and (d) PSK signals and corresponding decoded signals for amplitude noise. Time scale: 10ps/div.

Tables (2)

Tables Icon

Table 1 Main Parameters of the SOA Simulation Model

Tables Icon

Table 2 Quantification of Signal Degradation During the Wavelength-conversion of DQPSK Signals

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