Abstract

A high-sensitivity modem and high-dynamic range optical automatic gain controller (OAGC) have been developed to provide maximum link margin and to overcome the dynamic nature of free-space optical links. A sensitivity of −48.9 dBm (10 photons per bit) at 10 Gbps was achieved employing a return-to-zero differential phase shift keying based modem and a commercial Reed-Solomon forward error correction system. Low-noise optical gain was provided by an OAGC with a noise figure of 4.1 dB (including system required input loses) and a dynamic range of greater than 60 dB.

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2010 (1)

2009 (5)

L. B. Stotts, L. C. Andrews, P. C. Cherry, J. J. Foshee, P. J. Kolodzy, W. K. McIntire, M. Northcott, R. L. Phillips, H. A. Pike, B. Stadler, and D. Young, “Hybrid optical RF airborne communications,” Proc. IEEE 97, 1109–1127 (2009).
[CrossRef]

L. B. Stotts, B. Stadler, D. Hughes, P. Kolodzy, A. Pike, D. W. Young, J. E. Sluz, J. C. Juarez, B. Graves, D. Dougherty, J. Douglas, and T. Martin, “Optical communications in atmospheric turbulence,” Proc. SPIE 7464, 746403 (2009).
[CrossRef]

B. Smutny, H. Kaempfner, G. Muehlnikel, U. Sterr, B. Wandernoth, F. Heine, U. Hildebrand, D. Dallmann, M. Reinhardt, A. Freier, R. Lange, K. Boehmer, T. Feldhaus, J. Mueller, A. Weichert, P. Greulich, S. Seel, R. Meyer, and R. Czichy, “5.6 Gbps optical intersatellite communication link,” Proc. SPIE 7199, 719906 (2009).
[CrossRef]

T. G. Ulmer, S. R. Henion, and F. G. Walther, “Power penalty from amplified spontaneous emission in spatial diversity links,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 21, 170–172 (2009).
[CrossRef]

J. P. Helme, P. A. Houston, and C. H. Tan, “Large-signal charge control modeling of photoreceivers for applications up to 40 Gb/s,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 45, 834–840 (2009).
[CrossRef]

2008 (1)

L. B. Stotts, G. M. Lee, and B. Stadler, “Free space optical communications: coming of age,” Proc. SPIE 6951, 69510W (2008).
[CrossRef]

2006 (2)

N. Perlot, D. Giggenbach, H. Henniger, J. Horwarth, M. Knapek, and K. Zettl, “Measurements of the beam-wave fluctuations over a 142-km atmospheric path,” Proc. SPIE 6304, 63041O (2006).
[CrossRef]

R. Lange, B. Smutny, B. Wandernoth, R. Czichy, and D. Giggenbach, “142 km, 5.625 Gpbs free-space optical link based on homodyne BPSK modulation,” Proc. SPIE 6105, 61050A (2006).
[CrossRef]

2005 (1)

2004 (1)

N. W. Spellmeyer, J. C. Gottschalk, D. O. Caplan, and M. L. Stevens, “High-sensitivity 40-Gb/s RZDPSK with forward error correction,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 16, 1579–1581 (2004).
[CrossRef]

2003 (1)

H. Matsuda, A. Miura, Y. Okamura, H. Irie, K. Ito, T. Toyonaka, H. Takahashi, and T. Harada, “High performance of 10-Gb/s APD/preamplifier optical-receiver module with compact size,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 15, 278–280 (2003).
[CrossRef]

2002 (1)

H. Matsuda, A. Miura, H. Irie, S. Tanaka, K. Ito, S. Fujisaki, T. Toyonaka, H. Takahashi, H. Chiba, S. Irikura, R. Takeyari, and T. Harada, “High-sensitivity and wide-dynamic-range 10 Gbit/s APD/preamplifier optical receiver module,” Electron. Lett. 38, 650–651 (2002).
[CrossRef]

1999 (1)

1992 (1)

R. I. Laming, M. H. Zervas, and D. N. Payne, “Erbium-doped fiber amplifier with 54 dB gain and 3.1 dB noise figures,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 4, 1345–1347 (1992).
[CrossRef]

Andrews, L. C.

L. B. Stotts, L. C. Andrews, P. C. Cherry, J. J. Foshee, P. J. Kolodzy, W. K. McIntire, M. Northcott, R. L. Phillips, H. A. Pike, B. Stadler, and D. Young, “Hybrid optical RF airborne communications,” Proc. IEEE 97, 1109–1127 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Baber, D.

T. M. Fletcher, J. Cunningham, D. Baber, D. Wickholm, T. Goode, B. Gaughan, S. Burgan, A. Deck, D. W. Young, J. C. Juarez, J. E. Sluz, J. Cohen, and P. Stallings, “Observation of atmospheric effects for FALCON laser communication systems flight test,” Proc. SPIE 8038 (submitted).

Boehmer, K.

B. Smutny, H. Kaempfner, G. Muehlnikel, U. Sterr, B. Wandernoth, F. Heine, U. Hildebrand, D. Dallmann, M. Reinhardt, A. Freier, R. Lange, K. Boehmer, T. Feldhaus, J. Mueller, A. Weichert, P. Greulich, S. Seel, R. Meyer, and R. Czichy, “5.6 Gbps optical intersatellite communication link,” Proc. SPIE 7199, 719906 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Burgan, S.

T. M. Fletcher, J. Cunningham, D. Baber, D. Wickholm, T. Goode, B. Gaughan, S. Burgan, A. Deck, D. W. Young, J. C. Juarez, J. E. Sluz, J. Cohen, and P. Stallings, “Observation of atmospheric effects for FALCON laser communication systems flight test,” Proc. SPIE 8038 (submitted).

Caplan, D. O.

N. W. Spellmeyer, J. C. Gottschalk, D. O. Caplan, and M. L. Stevens, “High-sensitivity 40-Gb/s RZDPSK with forward error correction,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 16, 1579–1581 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Cherry, P. C.

L. B. Stotts, L. C. Andrews, P. C. Cherry, J. J. Foshee, P. J. Kolodzy, W. K. McIntire, M. Northcott, R. L. Phillips, H. A. Pike, B. Stadler, and D. Young, “Hybrid optical RF airborne communications,” Proc. IEEE 97, 1109–1127 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Chiba, H.

H. Matsuda, A. Miura, H. Irie, S. Tanaka, K. Ito, S. Fujisaki, T. Toyonaka, H. Takahashi, H. Chiba, S. Irikura, R. Takeyari, and T. Harada, “High-sensitivity and wide-dynamic-range 10 Gbit/s APD/preamplifier optical receiver module,” Electron. Lett. 38, 650–651 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Cohen, J.

T. M. Fletcher, J. Cunningham, D. Baber, D. Wickholm, T. Goode, B. Gaughan, S. Burgan, A. Deck, D. W. Young, J. C. Juarez, J. E. Sluz, J. Cohen, and P. Stallings, “Observation of atmospheric effects for FALCON laser communication systems flight test,” Proc. SPIE 8038 (submitted).

Cunningham, J.

T. M. Fletcher, J. Cunningham, D. Baber, D. Wickholm, T. Goode, B. Gaughan, S. Burgan, A. Deck, D. W. Young, J. C. Juarez, J. E. Sluz, J. Cohen, and P. Stallings, “Observation of atmospheric effects for FALCON laser communication systems flight test,” Proc. SPIE 8038 (submitted).

Czichy, R.

B. Smutny, H. Kaempfner, G. Muehlnikel, U. Sterr, B. Wandernoth, F. Heine, U. Hildebrand, D. Dallmann, M. Reinhardt, A. Freier, R. Lange, K. Boehmer, T. Feldhaus, J. Mueller, A. Weichert, P. Greulich, S. Seel, R. Meyer, and R. Czichy, “5.6 Gbps optical intersatellite communication link,” Proc. SPIE 7199, 719906 (2009).
[CrossRef]

R. Lange, B. Smutny, B. Wandernoth, R. Czichy, and D. Giggenbach, “142 km, 5.625 Gpbs free-space optical link based on homodyne BPSK modulation,” Proc. SPIE 6105, 61050A (2006).
[CrossRef]

Dallmann, D.

B. Smutny, H. Kaempfner, G. Muehlnikel, U. Sterr, B. Wandernoth, F. Heine, U. Hildebrand, D. Dallmann, M. Reinhardt, A. Freier, R. Lange, K. Boehmer, T. Feldhaus, J. Mueller, A. Weichert, P. Greulich, S. Seel, R. Meyer, and R. Czichy, “5.6 Gbps optical intersatellite communication link,” Proc. SPIE 7199, 719906 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Deck, A.

T. M. Fletcher, J. Cunningham, D. Baber, D. Wickholm, T. Goode, B. Gaughan, S. Burgan, A. Deck, D. W. Young, J. C. Juarez, J. E. Sluz, J. Cohen, and P. Stallings, “Observation of atmospheric effects for FALCON laser communication systems flight test,” Proc. SPIE 8038 (submitted).

Dougherty, D.

L. B. Stotts, P. Kolodzy, A. Pike, B. Graves, D. Dougherty, and J. Douglass, “Free-space optical communications link budget estimation,” Appl. Opt. 49(28), 5333–5343 (2010).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

L. B. Stotts, B. Stadler, D. Hughes, P. Kolodzy, A. Pike, D. W. Young, J. E. Sluz, J. C. Juarez, B. Graves, D. Dougherty, J. Douglas, and T. Martin, “Optical communications in atmospheric turbulence,” Proc. SPIE 7464, 746403 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Douglas, J.

L. B. Stotts, B. Stadler, D. Hughes, P. Kolodzy, A. Pike, D. W. Young, J. E. Sluz, J. C. Juarez, B. Graves, D. Dougherty, J. Douglas, and T. Martin, “Optical communications in atmospheric turbulence,” Proc. SPIE 7464, 746403 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Douglass, J.

Feldhaus, T.

B. Smutny, H. Kaempfner, G. Muehlnikel, U. Sterr, B. Wandernoth, F. Heine, U. Hildebrand, D. Dallmann, M. Reinhardt, A. Freier, R. Lange, K. Boehmer, T. Feldhaus, J. Mueller, A. Weichert, P. Greulich, S. Seel, R. Meyer, and R. Czichy, “5.6 Gbps optical intersatellite communication link,” Proc. SPIE 7199, 719906 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Fletcher, T. M.

T. M. Fletcher, J. Cunningham, D. Baber, D. Wickholm, T. Goode, B. Gaughan, S. Burgan, A. Deck, D. W. Young, J. C. Juarez, J. E. Sluz, J. Cohen, and P. Stallings, “Observation of atmospheric effects for FALCON laser communication systems flight test,” Proc. SPIE 8038 (submitted).

Foshee, J. J.

L. B. Stotts, L. C. Andrews, P. C. Cherry, J. J. Foshee, P. J. Kolodzy, W. K. McIntire, M. Northcott, R. L. Phillips, H. A. Pike, B. Stadler, and D. Young, “Hybrid optical RF airborne communications,” Proc. IEEE 97, 1109–1127 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Freier, A.

B. Smutny, H. Kaempfner, G. Muehlnikel, U. Sterr, B. Wandernoth, F. Heine, U. Hildebrand, D. Dallmann, M. Reinhardt, A. Freier, R. Lange, K. Boehmer, T. Feldhaus, J. Mueller, A. Weichert, P. Greulich, S. Seel, R. Meyer, and R. Czichy, “5.6 Gbps optical intersatellite communication link,” Proc. SPIE 7199, 719906 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Fujisaki, S.

H. Matsuda, A. Miura, H. Irie, S. Tanaka, K. Ito, S. Fujisaki, T. Toyonaka, H. Takahashi, H. Chiba, S. Irikura, R. Takeyari, and T. Harada, “High-sensitivity and wide-dynamic-range 10 Gbit/s APD/preamplifier optical receiver module,” Electron. Lett. 38, 650–651 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Gaughan, B.

T. M. Fletcher, J. Cunningham, D. Baber, D. Wickholm, T. Goode, B. Gaughan, S. Burgan, A. Deck, D. W. Young, J. C. Juarez, J. E. Sluz, J. Cohen, and P. Stallings, “Observation of atmospheric effects for FALCON laser communication systems flight test,” Proc. SPIE 8038 (submitted).

Giggenbach, D.

N. Perlot, D. Giggenbach, H. Henniger, J. Horwarth, M. Knapek, and K. Zettl, “Measurements of the beam-wave fluctuations over a 142-km atmospheric path,” Proc. SPIE 6304, 63041O (2006).
[CrossRef]

R. Lange, B. Smutny, B. Wandernoth, R. Czichy, and D. Giggenbach, “142 km, 5.625 Gpbs free-space optical link based on homodyne BPSK modulation,” Proc. SPIE 6105, 61050A (2006).
[CrossRef]

Gnauck, A. H.

Goode, T.

T. M. Fletcher, J. Cunningham, D. Baber, D. Wickholm, T. Goode, B. Gaughan, S. Burgan, A. Deck, D. W. Young, J. C. Juarez, J. E. Sluz, J. Cohen, and P. Stallings, “Observation of atmospheric effects for FALCON laser communication systems flight test,” Proc. SPIE 8038 (submitted).

Gottschalk, J. C.

N. W. Spellmeyer, J. C. Gottschalk, D. O. Caplan, and M. L. Stevens, “High-sensitivity 40-Gb/s RZDPSK with forward error correction,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 16, 1579–1581 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Graves, B.

L. B. Stotts, P. Kolodzy, A. Pike, B. Graves, D. Dougherty, and J. Douglass, “Free-space optical communications link budget estimation,” Appl. Opt. 49(28), 5333–5343 (2010).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

L. B. Stotts, B. Stadler, D. Hughes, P. Kolodzy, A. Pike, D. W. Young, J. E. Sluz, J. C. Juarez, B. Graves, D. Dougherty, J. Douglas, and T. Martin, “Optical communications in atmospheric turbulence,” Proc. SPIE 7464, 746403 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Greulich, P.

B. Smutny, H. Kaempfner, G. Muehlnikel, U. Sterr, B. Wandernoth, F. Heine, U. Hildebrand, D. Dallmann, M. Reinhardt, A. Freier, R. Lange, K. Boehmer, T. Feldhaus, J. Mueller, A. Weichert, P. Greulich, S. Seel, R. Meyer, and R. Czichy, “5.6 Gbps optical intersatellite communication link,” Proc. SPIE 7199, 719906 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Harada, T.

H. Matsuda, A. Miura, Y. Okamura, H. Irie, K. Ito, T. Toyonaka, H. Takahashi, and T. Harada, “High performance of 10-Gb/s APD/preamplifier optical-receiver module with compact size,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 15, 278–280 (2003).
[CrossRef]

H. Matsuda, A. Miura, H. Irie, S. Tanaka, K. Ito, S. Fujisaki, T. Toyonaka, H. Takahashi, H. Chiba, S. Irikura, R. Takeyari, and T. Harada, “High-sensitivity and wide-dynamic-range 10 Gbit/s APD/preamplifier optical receiver module,” Electron. Lett. 38, 650–651 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Heine, F.

B. Smutny, H. Kaempfner, G. Muehlnikel, U. Sterr, B. Wandernoth, F. Heine, U. Hildebrand, D. Dallmann, M. Reinhardt, A. Freier, R. Lange, K. Boehmer, T. Feldhaus, J. Mueller, A. Weichert, P. Greulich, S. Seel, R. Meyer, and R. Czichy, “5.6 Gbps optical intersatellite communication link,” Proc. SPIE 7199, 719906 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Helme, J. P.

J. P. Helme, P. A. Houston, and C. H. Tan, “Large-signal charge control modeling of photoreceivers for applications up to 40 Gb/s,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 45, 834–840 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Henion, S. R.

T. G. Ulmer, S. R. Henion, and F. G. Walther, “Power penalty from amplified spontaneous emission in spatial diversity links,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 21, 170–172 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Henniger, H.

N. Perlot, D. Giggenbach, H. Henniger, J. Horwarth, M. Knapek, and K. Zettl, “Measurements of the beam-wave fluctuations over a 142-km atmospheric path,” Proc. SPIE 6304, 63041O (2006).
[CrossRef]

Hildebrand, U.

B. Smutny, H. Kaempfner, G. Muehlnikel, U. Sterr, B. Wandernoth, F. Heine, U. Hildebrand, D. Dallmann, M. Reinhardt, A. Freier, R. Lange, K. Boehmer, T. Feldhaus, J. Mueller, A. Weichert, P. Greulich, S. Seel, R. Meyer, and R. Czichy, “5.6 Gbps optical intersatellite communication link,” Proc. SPIE 7199, 719906 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Horwarth, J.

N. Perlot, D. Giggenbach, H. Henniger, J. Horwarth, M. Knapek, and K. Zettl, “Measurements of the beam-wave fluctuations over a 142-km atmospheric path,” Proc. SPIE 6304, 63041O (2006).
[CrossRef]

Houston, P. A.

J. P. Helme, P. A. Houston, and C. H. Tan, “Large-signal charge control modeling of photoreceivers for applications up to 40 Gb/s,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 45, 834–840 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Hughes, D.

L. B. Stotts, B. Stadler, D. Hughes, P. Kolodzy, A. Pike, D. W. Young, J. E. Sluz, J. C. Juarez, B. Graves, D. Dougherty, J. Douglas, and T. Martin, “Optical communications in atmospheric turbulence,” Proc. SPIE 7464, 746403 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Hughes, D. H.

J. C. Juarez, D. W. Young, J. E. Sluz, J. L. Riggins, and D. H. Hughes, “Free-space optical channel propagation tests over a 147 km link,” Proc. SPIE 8038 (submitted).

Irie, H.

H. Matsuda, A. Miura, Y. Okamura, H. Irie, K. Ito, T. Toyonaka, H. Takahashi, and T. Harada, “High performance of 10-Gb/s APD/preamplifier optical-receiver module with compact size,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 15, 278–280 (2003).
[CrossRef]

H. Matsuda, A. Miura, H. Irie, S. Tanaka, K. Ito, S. Fujisaki, T. Toyonaka, H. Takahashi, H. Chiba, S. Irikura, R. Takeyari, and T. Harada, “High-sensitivity and wide-dynamic-range 10 Gbit/s APD/preamplifier optical receiver module,” Electron. Lett. 38, 650–651 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Irikura, S.

H. Matsuda, A. Miura, H. Irie, S. Tanaka, K. Ito, S. Fujisaki, T. Toyonaka, H. Takahashi, H. Chiba, S. Irikura, R. Takeyari, and T. Harada, “High-sensitivity and wide-dynamic-range 10 Gbit/s APD/preamplifier optical receiver module,” Electron. Lett. 38, 650–651 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Ito, K.

H. Matsuda, A. Miura, Y. Okamura, H. Irie, K. Ito, T. Toyonaka, H. Takahashi, and T. Harada, “High performance of 10-Gb/s APD/preamplifier optical-receiver module with compact size,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 15, 278–280 (2003).
[CrossRef]

H. Matsuda, A. Miura, H. Irie, S. Tanaka, K. Ito, S. Fujisaki, T. Toyonaka, H. Takahashi, H. Chiba, S. Irikura, R. Takeyari, and T. Harada, “High-sensitivity and wide-dynamic-range 10 Gbit/s APD/preamplifier optical receiver module,” Electron. Lett. 38, 650–651 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Juarez, J. C.

L. B. Stotts, B. Stadler, D. Hughes, P. Kolodzy, A. Pike, D. W. Young, J. E. Sluz, J. C. Juarez, B. Graves, D. Dougherty, J. Douglas, and T. Martin, “Optical communications in atmospheric turbulence,” Proc. SPIE 7464, 746403 (2009).
[CrossRef]

J. C. Juarez, D. W. Young, J. E. Sluz, J. L. Riggins, and D. H. Hughes, “Free-space optical channel propagation tests over a 147 km link,” Proc. SPIE 8038 (submitted).

T. M. Fletcher, J. Cunningham, D. Baber, D. Wickholm, T. Goode, B. Gaughan, S. Burgan, A. Deck, D. W. Young, J. C. Juarez, J. E. Sluz, J. Cohen, and P. Stallings, “Observation of atmospheric effects for FALCON laser communication systems flight test,” Proc. SPIE 8038 (submitted).

Kaempfner, H.

B. Smutny, H. Kaempfner, G. Muehlnikel, U. Sterr, B. Wandernoth, F. Heine, U. Hildebrand, D. Dallmann, M. Reinhardt, A. Freier, R. Lange, K. Boehmer, T. Feldhaus, J. Mueller, A. Weichert, P. Greulich, S. Seel, R. Meyer, and R. Czichy, “5.6 Gbps optical intersatellite communication link,” Proc. SPIE 7199, 719906 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Kalmar, A.

Knapek, M.

N. Perlot, D. Giggenbach, H. Henniger, J. Horwarth, M. Knapek, and K. Zettl, “Measurements of the beam-wave fluctuations over a 142-km atmospheric path,” Proc. SPIE 6304, 63041O (2006).
[CrossRef]

Kolodzy, P.

L. B. Stotts, P. Kolodzy, A. Pike, B. Graves, D. Dougherty, and J. Douglass, “Free-space optical communications link budget estimation,” Appl. Opt. 49(28), 5333–5343 (2010).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

L. B. Stotts, B. Stadler, D. Hughes, P. Kolodzy, A. Pike, D. W. Young, J. E. Sluz, J. C. Juarez, B. Graves, D. Dougherty, J. Douglas, and T. Martin, “Optical communications in atmospheric turbulence,” Proc. SPIE 7464, 746403 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Kolodzy, P. J.

L. B. Stotts, L. C. Andrews, P. C. Cherry, J. J. Foshee, P. J. Kolodzy, W. K. McIntire, M. Northcott, R. L. Phillips, H. A. Pike, B. Stadler, and D. Young, “Hybrid optical RF airborne communications,” Proc. IEEE 97, 1109–1127 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Laming, R. I.

R. I. Laming, M. H. Zervas, and D. N. Payne, “Erbium-doped fiber amplifier with 54 dB gain and 3.1 dB noise figures,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 4, 1345–1347 (1992).
[CrossRef]

Lange, R.

B. Smutny, H. Kaempfner, G. Muehlnikel, U. Sterr, B. Wandernoth, F. Heine, U. Hildebrand, D. Dallmann, M. Reinhardt, A. Freier, R. Lange, K. Boehmer, T. Feldhaus, J. Mueller, A. Weichert, P. Greulich, S. Seel, R. Meyer, and R. Czichy, “5.6 Gbps optical intersatellite communication link,” Proc. SPIE 7199, 719906 (2009).
[CrossRef]

R. Lange, B. Smutny, B. Wandernoth, R. Czichy, and D. Giggenbach, “142 km, 5.625 Gpbs free-space optical link based on homodyne BPSK modulation,” Proc. SPIE 6105, 61050A (2006).
[CrossRef]

Lee, G. M.

L. B. Stotts, G. M. Lee, and B. Stadler, “Free space optical communications: coming of age,” Proc. SPIE 6951, 69510W (2008).
[CrossRef]

Martin, T.

L. B. Stotts, B. Stadler, D. Hughes, P. Kolodzy, A. Pike, D. W. Young, J. E. Sluz, J. C. Juarez, B. Graves, D. Dougherty, J. Douglas, and T. Martin, “Optical communications in atmospheric turbulence,” Proc. SPIE 7464, 746403 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Matsuda, H.

H. Matsuda, A. Miura, Y. Okamura, H. Irie, K. Ito, T. Toyonaka, H. Takahashi, and T. Harada, “High performance of 10-Gb/s APD/preamplifier optical-receiver module with compact size,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 15, 278–280 (2003).
[CrossRef]

H. Matsuda, A. Miura, H. Irie, S. Tanaka, K. Ito, S. Fujisaki, T. Toyonaka, H. Takahashi, H. Chiba, S. Irikura, R. Takeyari, and T. Harada, “High-sensitivity and wide-dynamic-range 10 Gbit/s APD/preamplifier optical receiver module,” Electron. Lett. 38, 650–651 (2002).
[CrossRef]

McIntire, W. K.

L. B. Stotts, L. C. Andrews, P. C. Cherry, J. J. Foshee, P. J. Kolodzy, W. K. McIntire, M. Northcott, R. L. Phillips, H. A. Pike, B. Stadler, and D. Young, “Hybrid optical RF airborne communications,” Proc. IEEE 97, 1109–1127 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Meyer, R.

B. Smutny, H. Kaempfner, G. Muehlnikel, U. Sterr, B. Wandernoth, F. Heine, U. Hildebrand, D. Dallmann, M. Reinhardt, A. Freier, R. Lange, K. Boehmer, T. Feldhaus, J. Mueller, A. Weichert, P. Greulich, S. Seel, R. Meyer, and R. Czichy, “5.6 Gbps optical intersatellite communication link,” Proc. SPIE 7199, 719906 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Miura, A.

H. Matsuda, A. Miura, Y. Okamura, H. Irie, K. Ito, T. Toyonaka, H. Takahashi, and T. Harada, “High performance of 10-Gb/s APD/preamplifier optical-receiver module with compact size,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 15, 278–280 (2003).
[CrossRef]

H. Matsuda, A. Miura, H. Irie, S. Tanaka, K. Ito, S. Fujisaki, T. Toyonaka, H. Takahashi, H. Chiba, S. Irikura, R. Takeyari, and T. Harada, “High-sensitivity and wide-dynamic-range 10 Gbit/s APD/preamplifier optical receiver module,” Electron. Lett. 38, 650–651 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Muehlnikel, G.

B. Smutny, H. Kaempfner, G. Muehlnikel, U. Sterr, B. Wandernoth, F. Heine, U. Hildebrand, D. Dallmann, M. Reinhardt, A. Freier, R. Lange, K. Boehmer, T. Feldhaus, J. Mueller, A. Weichert, P. Greulich, S. Seel, R. Meyer, and R. Czichy, “5.6 Gbps optical intersatellite communication link,” Proc. SPIE 7199, 719906 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Mueller, J.

B. Smutny, H. Kaempfner, G. Muehlnikel, U. Sterr, B. Wandernoth, F. Heine, U. Hildebrand, D. Dallmann, M. Reinhardt, A. Freier, R. Lange, K. Boehmer, T. Feldhaus, J. Mueller, A. Weichert, P. Greulich, S. Seel, R. Meyer, and R. Czichy, “5.6 Gbps optical intersatellite communication link,” Proc. SPIE 7199, 719906 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Northcott, M.

L. B. Stotts, L. C. Andrews, P. C. Cherry, J. J. Foshee, P. J. Kolodzy, W. K. McIntire, M. Northcott, R. L. Phillips, H. A. Pike, B. Stadler, and D. Young, “Hybrid optical RF airborne communications,” Proc. IEEE 97, 1109–1127 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Okamura, Y.

H. Matsuda, A. Miura, Y. Okamura, H. Irie, K. Ito, T. Toyonaka, H. Takahashi, and T. Harada, “High performance of 10-Gb/s APD/preamplifier optical-receiver module with compact size,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 15, 278–280 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Payne, D. N.

R. I. Laming, M. H. Zervas, and D. N. Payne, “Erbium-doped fiber amplifier with 54 dB gain and 3.1 dB noise figures,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 4, 1345–1347 (1992).
[CrossRef]

Perlot, N.

N. Perlot, D. Giggenbach, H. Henniger, J. Horwarth, M. Knapek, and K. Zettl, “Measurements of the beam-wave fluctuations over a 142-km atmospheric path,” Proc. SPIE 6304, 63041O (2006).
[CrossRef]

Phillips, R. L.

L. B. Stotts, L. C. Andrews, P. C. Cherry, J. J. Foshee, P. J. Kolodzy, W. K. McIntire, M. Northcott, R. L. Phillips, H. A. Pike, B. Stadler, and D. Young, “Hybrid optical RF airborne communications,” Proc. IEEE 97, 1109–1127 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Pike, A.

L. B. Stotts, P. Kolodzy, A. Pike, B. Graves, D. Dougherty, and J. Douglass, “Free-space optical communications link budget estimation,” Appl. Opt. 49(28), 5333–5343 (2010).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

L. B. Stotts, B. Stadler, D. Hughes, P. Kolodzy, A. Pike, D. W. Young, J. E. Sluz, J. C. Juarez, B. Graves, D. Dougherty, J. Douglas, and T. Martin, “Optical communications in atmospheric turbulence,” Proc. SPIE 7464, 746403 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Pike, H. A.

L. B. Stotts, L. C. Andrews, P. C. Cherry, J. J. Foshee, P. J. Kolodzy, W. K. McIntire, M. Northcott, R. L. Phillips, H. A. Pike, B. Stadler, and D. Young, “Hybrid optical RF airborne communications,” Proc. IEEE 97, 1109–1127 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Reinhardt, M.

B. Smutny, H. Kaempfner, G. Muehlnikel, U. Sterr, B. Wandernoth, F. Heine, U. Hildebrand, D. Dallmann, M. Reinhardt, A. Freier, R. Lange, K. Boehmer, T. Feldhaus, J. Mueller, A. Weichert, P. Greulich, S. Seel, R. Meyer, and R. Czichy, “5.6 Gbps optical intersatellite communication link,” Proc. SPIE 7199, 719906 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Riggins, J. L.

J. C. Juarez, D. W. Young, J. E. Sluz, J. L. Riggins, and D. H. Hughes, “Free-space optical channel propagation tests over a 147 km link,” Proc. SPIE 8038 (submitted).

Seel, S.

B. Smutny, H. Kaempfner, G. Muehlnikel, U. Sterr, B. Wandernoth, F. Heine, U. Hildebrand, D. Dallmann, M. Reinhardt, A. Freier, R. Lange, K. Boehmer, T. Feldhaus, J. Mueller, A. Weichert, P. Greulich, S. Seel, R. Meyer, and R. Czichy, “5.6 Gbps optical intersatellite communication link,” Proc. SPIE 7199, 719906 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Sluz, J. E.

L. B. Stotts, B. Stadler, D. Hughes, P. Kolodzy, A. Pike, D. W. Young, J. E. Sluz, J. C. Juarez, B. Graves, D. Dougherty, J. Douglas, and T. Martin, “Optical communications in atmospheric turbulence,” Proc. SPIE 7464, 746403 (2009).
[CrossRef]

J. C. Juarez, D. W. Young, J. E. Sluz, J. L. Riggins, and D. H. Hughes, “Free-space optical channel propagation tests over a 147 km link,” Proc. SPIE 8038 (submitted).

T. M. Fletcher, J. Cunningham, D. Baber, D. Wickholm, T. Goode, B. Gaughan, S. Burgan, A. Deck, D. W. Young, J. C. Juarez, J. E. Sluz, J. Cohen, and P. Stallings, “Observation of atmospheric effects for FALCON laser communication systems flight test,” Proc. SPIE 8038 (submitted).

Smutny, B.

B. Smutny, H. Kaempfner, G. Muehlnikel, U. Sterr, B. Wandernoth, F. Heine, U. Hildebrand, D. Dallmann, M. Reinhardt, A. Freier, R. Lange, K. Boehmer, T. Feldhaus, J. Mueller, A. Weichert, P. Greulich, S. Seel, R. Meyer, and R. Czichy, “5.6 Gbps optical intersatellite communication link,” Proc. SPIE 7199, 719906 (2009).
[CrossRef]

R. Lange, B. Smutny, B. Wandernoth, R. Czichy, and D. Giggenbach, “142 km, 5.625 Gpbs free-space optical link based on homodyne BPSK modulation,” Proc. SPIE 6105, 61050A (2006).
[CrossRef]

Spellmeyer, N. W.

N. W. Spellmeyer, J. C. Gottschalk, D. O. Caplan, and M. L. Stevens, “High-sensitivity 40-Gb/s RZDPSK with forward error correction,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 16, 1579–1581 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Stadler, B.

L. B. Stotts, B. Stadler, D. Hughes, P. Kolodzy, A. Pike, D. W. Young, J. E. Sluz, J. C. Juarez, B. Graves, D. Dougherty, J. Douglas, and T. Martin, “Optical communications in atmospheric turbulence,” Proc. SPIE 7464, 746403 (2009).
[CrossRef]

L. B. Stotts, L. C. Andrews, P. C. Cherry, J. J. Foshee, P. J. Kolodzy, W. K. McIntire, M. Northcott, R. L. Phillips, H. A. Pike, B. Stadler, and D. Young, “Hybrid optical RF airborne communications,” Proc. IEEE 97, 1109–1127 (2009).
[CrossRef]

L. B. Stotts, G. M. Lee, and B. Stadler, “Free space optical communications: coming of age,” Proc. SPIE 6951, 69510W (2008).
[CrossRef]

Stallings, P.

T. M. Fletcher, J. Cunningham, D. Baber, D. Wickholm, T. Goode, B. Gaughan, S. Burgan, A. Deck, D. W. Young, J. C. Juarez, J. E. Sluz, J. Cohen, and P. Stallings, “Observation of atmospheric effects for FALCON laser communication systems flight test,” Proc. SPIE 8038 (submitted).

Sterr, U.

B. Smutny, H. Kaempfner, G. Muehlnikel, U. Sterr, B. Wandernoth, F. Heine, U. Hildebrand, D. Dallmann, M. Reinhardt, A. Freier, R. Lange, K. Boehmer, T. Feldhaus, J. Mueller, A. Weichert, P. Greulich, S. Seel, R. Meyer, and R. Czichy, “5.6 Gbps optical intersatellite communication link,” Proc. SPIE 7199, 719906 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Stevens, M. L.

N. W. Spellmeyer, J. C. Gottschalk, D. O. Caplan, and M. L. Stevens, “High-sensitivity 40-Gb/s RZDPSK with forward error correction,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 16, 1579–1581 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Stotts, L. B.

L. B. Stotts, P. Kolodzy, A. Pike, B. Graves, D. Dougherty, and J. Douglass, “Free-space optical communications link budget estimation,” Appl. Opt. 49(28), 5333–5343 (2010).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

L. B. Stotts, L. C. Andrews, P. C. Cherry, J. J. Foshee, P. J. Kolodzy, W. K. McIntire, M. Northcott, R. L. Phillips, H. A. Pike, B. Stadler, and D. Young, “Hybrid optical RF airborne communications,” Proc. IEEE 97, 1109–1127 (2009).
[CrossRef]

L. B. Stotts, B. Stadler, D. Hughes, P. Kolodzy, A. Pike, D. W. Young, J. E. Sluz, J. C. Juarez, B. Graves, D. Dougherty, J. Douglas, and T. Martin, “Optical communications in atmospheric turbulence,” Proc. SPIE 7464, 746403 (2009).
[CrossRef]

L. B. Stotts, G. M. Lee, and B. Stadler, “Free space optical communications: coming of age,” Proc. SPIE 6951, 69510W (2008).
[CrossRef]

Takahashi, H.

H. Matsuda, A. Miura, Y. Okamura, H. Irie, K. Ito, T. Toyonaka, H. Takahashi, and T. Harada, “High performance of 10-Gb/s APD/preamplifier optical-receiver module with compact size,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 15, 278–280 (2003).
[CrossRef]

H. Matsuda, A. Miura, H. Irie, S. Tanaka, K. Ito, S. Fujisaki, T. Toyonaka, H. Takahashi, H. Chiba, S. Irikura, R. Takeyari, and T. Harada, “High-sensitivity and wide-dynamic-range 10 Gbit/s APD/preamplifier optical receiver module,” Electron. Lett. 38, 650–651 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Takeyari, R.

H. Matsuda, A. Miura, H. Irie, S. Tanaka, K. Ito, S. Fujisaki, T. Toyonaka, H. Takahashi, H. Chiba, S. Irikura, R. Takeyari, and T. Harada, “High-sensitivity and wide-dynamic-range 10 Gbit/s APD/preamplifier optical receiver module,” Electron. Lett. 38, 650–651 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Tan, C. H.

J. P. Helme, P. A. Houston, and C. H. Tan, “Large-signal charge control modeling of photoreceivers for applications up to 40 Gb/s,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 45, 834–840 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Tanaka, S.

H. Matsuda, A. Miura, H. Irie, S. Tanaka, K. Ito, S. Fujisaki, T. Toyonaka, H. Takahashi, H. Chiba, S. Irikura, R. Takeyari, and T. Harada, “High-sensitivity and wide-dynamic-range 10 Gbit/s APD/preamplifier optical receiver module,” Electron. Lett. 38, 650–651 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Toyonaka, T.

H. Matsuda, A. Miura, Y. Okamura, H. Irie, K. Ito, T. Toyonaka, H. Takahashi, and T. Harada, “High performance of 10-Gb/s APD/preamplifier optical-receiver module with compact size,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 15, 278–280 (2003).
[CrossRef]

H. Matsuda, A. Miura, H. Irie, S. Tanaka, K. Ito, S. Fujisaki, T. Toyonaka, H. Takahashi, H. Chiba, S. Irikura, R. Takeyari, and T. Harada, “High-sensitivity and wide-dynamic-range 10 Gbit/s APD/preamplifier optical receiver module,” Electron. Lett. 38, 650–651 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Ulmer, T. G.

T. G. Ulmer, S. R. Henion, and F. G. Walther, “Power penalty from amplified spontaneous emission in spatial diversity links,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 21, 170–172 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Walther, F. G.

T. G. Ulmer, S. R. Henion, and F. G. Walther, “Power penalty from amplified spontaneous emission in spatial diversity links,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 21, 170–172 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Wandernoth, B.

B. Smutny, H. Kaempfner, G. Muehlnikel, U. Sterr, B. Wandernoth, F. Heine, U. Hildebrand, D. Dallmann, M. Reinhardt, A. Freier, R. Lange, K. Boehmer, T. Feldhaus, J. Mueller, A. Weichert, P. Greulich, S. Seel, R. Meyer, and R. Czichy, “5.6 Gbps optical intersatellite communication link,” Proc. SPIE 7199, 719906 (2009).
[CrossRef]

R. Lange, B. Smutny, B. Wandernoth, R. Czichy, and D. Giggenbach, “142 km, 5.625 Gpbs free-space optical link based on homodyne BPSK modulation,” Proc. SPIE 6105, 61050A (2006).
[CrossRef]

Weichert, A.

B. Smutny, H. Kaempfner, G. Muehlnikel, U. Sterr, B. Wandernoth, F. Heine, U. Hildebrand, D. Dallmann, M. Reinhardt, A. Freier, R. Lange, K. Boehmer, T. Feldhaus, J. Mueller, A. Weichert, P. Greulich, S. Seel, R. Meyer, and R. Czichy, “5.6 Gbps optical intersatellite communication link,” Proc. SPIE 7199, 719906 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Wickholm, D.

T. M. Fletcher, J. Cunningham, D. Baber, D. Wickholm, T. Goode, B. Gaughan, S. Burgan, A. Deck, D. W. Young, J. C. Juarez, J. E. Sluz, J. Cohen, and P. Stallings, “Observation of atmospheric effects for FALCON laser communication systems flight test,” Proc. SPIE 8038 (submitted).

Winzer, P. J.

Young, D.

L. B. Stotts, L. C. Andrews, P. C. Cherry, J. J. Foshee, P. J. Kolodzy, W. K. McIntire, M. Northcott, R. L. Phillips, H. A. Pike, B. Stadler, and D. Young, “Hybrid optical RF airborne communications,” Proc. IEEE 97, 1109–1127 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Young, D. W.

L. B. Stotts, B. Stadler, D. Hughes, P. Kolodzy, A. Pike, D. W. Young, J. E. Sluz, J. C. Juarez, B. Graves, D. Dougherty, J. Douglas, and T. Martin, “Optical communications in atmospheric turbulence,” Proc. SPIE 7464, 746403 (2009).
[CrossRef]

J. C. Juarez, D. W. Young, J. E. Sluz, J. L. Riggins, and D. H. Hughes, “Free-space optical channel propagation tests over a 147 km link,” Proc. SPIE 8038 (submitted).

T. M. Fletcher, J. Cunningham, D. Baber, D. Wickholm, T. Goode, B. Gaughan, S. Burgan, A. Deck, D. W. Young, J. C. Juarez, J. E. Sluz, J. Cohen, and P. Stallings, “Observation of atmospheric effects for FALCON laser communication systems flight test,” Proc. SPIE 8038 (submitted).

Zervas, M. H.

R. I. Laming, M. H. Zervas, and D. N. Payne, “Erbium-doped fiber amplifier with 54 dB gain and 3.1 dB noise figures,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 4, 1345–1347 (1992).
[CrossRef]

Zettl, K.

N. Perlot, D. Giggenbach, H. Henniger, J. Horwarth, M. Knapek, and K. Zettl, “Measurements of the beam-wave fluctuations over a 142-km atmospheric path,” Proc. SPIE 6304, 63041O (2006).
[CrossRef]

Appl. Opt. (1)

Electron. Lett. (1)

H. Matsuda, A. Miura, H. Irie, S. Tanaka, K. Ito, S. Fujisaki, T. Toyonaka, H. Takahashi, H. Chiba, S. Irikura, R. Takeyari, and T. Harada, “High-sensitivity and wide-dynamic-range 10 Gbit/s APD/preamplifier optical receiver module,” Electron. Lett. 38, 650–651 (2002).
[CrossRef]

IEEE J. Quantum Electron. (1)

J. P. Helme, P. A. Houston, and C. H. Tan, “Large-signal charge control modeling of photoreceivers for applications up to 40 Gb/s,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 45, 834–840 (2009).
[CrossRef]

IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. (4)

N. W. Spellmeyer, J. C. Gottschalk, D. O. Caplan, and M. L. Stevens, “High-sensitivity 40-Gb/s RZDPSK with forward error correction,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 16, 1579–1581 (2004).
[CrossRef]

R. I. Laming, M. H. Zervas, and D. N. Payne, “Erbium-doped fiber amplifier with 54 dB gain and 3.1 dB noise figures,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 4, 1345–1347 (1992).
[CrossRef]

H. Matsuda, A. Miura, Y. Okamura, H. Irie, K. Ito, T. Toyonaka, H. Takahashi, and T. Harada, “High performance of 10-Gb/s APD/preamplifier optical-receiver module with compact size,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 15, 278–280 (2003).
[CrossRef]

T. G. Ulmer, S. R. Henion, and F. G. Walther, “Power penalty from amplified spontaneous emission in spatial diversity links,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 21, 170–172 (2009).
[CrossRef]

J. Lightwave Technol. (2)

Proc. IEEE (1)

L. B. Stotts, L. C. Andrews, P. C. Cherry, J. J. Foshee, P. J. Kolodzy, W. K. McIntire, M. Northcott, R. L. Phillips, H. A. Pike, B. Stadler, and D. Young, “Hybrid optical RF airborne communications,” Proc. IEEE 97, 1109–1127 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Proc. SPIE (7)

L. B. Stotts, B. Stadler, D. Hughes, P. Kolodzy, A. Pike, D. W. Young, J. E. Sluz, J. C. Juarez, B. Graves, D. Dougherty, J. Douglas, and T. Martin, “Optical communications in atmospheric turbulence,” Proc. SPIE 7464, 746403 (2009).
[CrossRef]

L. B. Stotts, G. M. Lee, and B. Stadler, “Free space optical communications: coming of age,” Proc. SPIE 6951, 69510W (2008).
[CrossRef]

J. C. Juarez, D. W. Young, J. E. Sluz, J. L. Riggins, and D. H. Hughes, “Free-space optical channel propagation tests over a 147 km link,” Proc. SPIE 8038 (submitted).

B. Smutny, H. Kaempfner, G. Muehlnikel, U. Sterr, B. Wandernoth, F. Heine, U. Hildebrand, D. Dallmann, M. Reinhardt, A. Freier, R. Lange, K. Boehmer, T. Feldhaus, J. Mueller, A. Weichert, P. Greulich, S. Seel, R. Meyer, and R. Czichy, “5.6 Gbps optical intersatellite communication link,” Proc. SPIE 7199, 719906 (2009).
[CrossRef]

N. Perlot, D. Giggenbach, H. Henniger, J. Horwarth, M. Knapek, and K. Zettl, “Measurements of the beam-wave fluctuations over a 142-km atmospheric path,” Proc. SPIE 6304, 63041O (2006).
[CrossRef]

R. Lange, B. Smutny, B. Wandernoth, R. Czichy, and D. Giggenbach, “142 km, 5.625 Gpbs free-space optical link based on homodyne BPSK modulation,” Proc. SPIE 6105, 61050A (2006).
[CrossRef]

T. M. Fletcher, J. Cunningham, D. Baber, D. Wickholm, T. Goode, B. Gaughan, S. Burgan, A. Deck, D. W. Young, J. C. Juarez, J. E. Sluz, J. Cohen, and P. Stallings, “Observation of atmospheric effects for FALCON laser communication systems flight test,” Proc. SPIE 8038 (submitted).

Other (11)

J. Cunningham, D. Foulke, T. Goode, D. Baber, B. Gaughan, M. Fletcher, D. W. Young, J. C. Juarez, J. E. Sluz, and J. L. Riggins II, “Long range field testing of free space optical communication terminals on mobile platforms,” Proc. MILCOM 2009, 1–7 (2009).

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Figures (6)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1

Example of received power dynamics and operation of first generation OAGC during ORCA flight tests.

Fig. 2
Fig. 2

OAGC block diagram. CPU = central processing unit; PIF = power-in-fiber; POF = power-out-of-fiber.

Fig. 3
Fig. 3

RZ-DPSK long-haul transmitter (a) and receiver (b) block diagrams. DDMZ = dual-drive Mach-Zehnder; TX = transmitter; RX = receiver.

Fig. 4
Fig. 4

Modem and OAGC characterization setup. CL = client side interface, LI = line side interface, TLS = tunable laser source, CDR = clock and data recovery, DAQ = data acquisition.

Fig. 5
Fig. 5

Measured DPSK transceiver and OAGC BER baselines as a function of received optical power into the OAGC with a 100 GHz drop filter. Note: These measurements include the input losses into the OAGC.

Fig. 6
Fig. 6

OAGC normalized disturbance rejection for a sinusoidal input swing of −40 to 0 dBm.

Equations (1)

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N D R = 1 P O F p k p k / P I F p k p k

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