Abstract

A special holographic optical element (HOE) which is used as an image splitter is developed to generate a stereogram on a 2.2-in. liquid crystal display panel. The special designed holographic optical element can be attached on the conventional panel directly to replace the traditional image splitter in a stereoscopic display panel. Experimental results show that two images corresponding to slightly different viewing angles displayed on a panel can be separated effectively and can be delivered to the right eye and left eye of an observer individually. The diffraction efficiency for individual right and left image in this developed holographic optical element is about 43%, and the contrast ratio of the diffracted images induced by cross talk is larger than 60%. Theoretical analyses show the proposed technique generates good contrast ratio and brightness performance for stereogram application.

© 2011 OSA

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  1. J. Y. Son, V. V. Saveljev, Y. J. Choi, J. E. Bahn, S. K. Kim, and H. Choi, “Parameters for designing autostereoscopic imaging systems based on lenticular, parallax barrier, and integral photography plates,” Opt. Eng. 42(11), 3326–3333 (2003).
  2. W. X. Zhao, Q. H. Wang, A. H. Wang, and D. H. Li, “Autostereoscopic display based on two-layer lenticular lenses,” Opt. Lett. 35(24), 4127–4129 (2010).
    [PubMed]
  3. M. P. C. M. Krijn, S. T. de Zwart, D. K. G. de Boer, O. H. Willemsen, and M. Sluijter, “2-D/3-D displays based on switchable lenticulars,” J. Soc. Inf. Disp. 16(8), 847–855 (2008).
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    [PubMed]
  5. C. H. Chen, Y. P. Huang, S. C. Chuang, C. L. Wu, H. P. D. Shieh, W. Mphepö, C. T. Hsieh, and S. C. Hsu, “Liquid crystal panel for high efficiency barrier type autostereoscopic three-dimensional displays,” Appl. Opt. 48(18), 3446–3454 (2009).
    [PubMed]
  6. T. Järvenpää and M. Salmimaa, “Optical characterization of autostereoscopic 3-D displays,” J. Soc. Inf. Disp. 16(8), 825–833 (2008).
  7. C. H. Chen, H. H. Huang, T. H. Hsu, M.-H. Kuo, and C. H. Tsai, “Optical simulation for cross-talk evaluation and improvement of autostereoscopic 3-D displays with a projector array,” J. Soc. Inf. Disp. 18(9), 662–667 (2010).
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    [PubMed]
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  10. D. Trayner and E. Orr, “Autostereoscopic display using holographic optical elements,” Proc. SPIE 2653, 65–74 (1996).
  11. D. Trayner and E. Orr, “Developments in autostereoscopic displays using holographic optical elements,” Proc. SPIE 3012, 167–174 (1997).
  12. B. C. Cho, J. S. Gu, W. Y. Kim, and E. S. Kim, “Multiview autostereoscopic 3D display system using volume holographic optical element,” Proc. SPIE 4471, 43–50 (2001).
  13. B. C. Cho, J. S. Gu, and E. S. Kim, “Implementation of multiview 3D display system using volume holographic optical element,” Proc. SPIE 4567, 224–232 (2002).
  14. Y. H. Cho, R. Kawade, T. Kubota, and Y. Kawakami, “Control of morphology and diffraction efficiency of holographic gratings using siloxane-containing reactive diluent,” Sci. Technol. Adv. Mater. 6(5), 435–442 (2005).
  15. C. Y. Chen, Q. L. Deng, and H. C. Wu, “A high-brightness diffractive stereoscopic display technology,” Displays 31(4-5), 169–174 (2010).
  16. C. Y. Chen, T. Y. Hsieh, Q. L. Deng, W. C. Su, and Z. S. Cheng, “Design of a novel symmetric microprism array for dual-view display,” Displays 31(2), 99–103 (2010).

2011 (1)

2010 (4)

W. X. Zhao, Q. H. Wang, A. H. Wang, and D. H. Li, “Autostereoscopic display based on two-layer lenticular lenses,” Opt. Lett. 35(24), 4127–4129 (2010).
[PubMed]

C. H. Chen, H. H. Huang, T. H. Hsu, M.-H. Kuo, and C. H. Tsai, “Optical simulation for cross-talk evaluation and improvement of autostereoscopic 3-D displays with a projector array,” J. Soc. Inf. Disp. 18(9), 662–667 (2010).

C. Y. Chen, Q. L. Deng, and H. C. Wu, “A high-brightness diffractive stereoscopic display technology,” Displays 31(4-5), 169–174 (2010).

C. Y. Chen, T. Y. Hsieh, Q. L. Deng, W. C. Su, and Z. S. Cheng, “Design of a novel symmetric microprism array for dual-view display,” Displays 31(2), 99–103 (2010).

2009 (2)

2008 (3)

M. P. C. M. Krijn, S. T. de Zwart, D. K. G. de Boer, O. H. Willemsen, and M. Sluijter, “2-D/3-D displays based on switchable lenticulars,” J. Soc. Inf. Disp. 16(8), 847–855 (2008).

T. Järvenpää and M. Salmimaa, “Optical characterization of autostereoscopic 3-D displays,” J. Soc. Inf. Disp. 16(8), 825–833 (2008).

C. Y. Chen, M. C. Chang, M. D. Ke, C. C. Lin, and Y. M. Chen, “A novel high brightness parallax barrier stereoscopy technology using a reflective crown grating,” Microw. Opt. Technol. Lett. 50(6), 1610–1616 (2008).

2005 (1)

Y. H. Cho, R. Kawade, T. Kubota, and Y. Kawakami, “Control of morphology and diffraction efficiency of holographic gratings using siloxane-containing reactive diluent,” Sci. Technol. Adv. Mater. 6(5), 435–442 (2005).

2003 (1)

J. Y. Son, V. V. Saveljev, Y. J. Choi, J. E. Bahn, S. K. Kim, and H. Choi, “Parameters for designing autostereoscopic imaging systems based on lenticular, parallax barrier, and integral photography plates,” Opt. Eng. 42(11), 3326–3333 (2003).

2002 (1)

B. C. Cho, J. S. Gu, and E. S. Kim, “Implementation of multiview 3D display system using volume holographic optical element,” Proc. SPIE 4567, 224–232 (2002).

2001 (1)

B. C. Cho, J. S. Gu, W. Y. Kim, and E. S. Kim, “Multiview autostereoscopic 3D display system using volume holographic optical element,” Proc. SPIE 4471, 43–50 (2001).

1997 (1)

D. Trayner and E. Orr, “Developments in autostereoscopic displays using holographic optical elements,” Proc. SPIE 3012, 167–174 (1997).

1996 (1)

D. Trayner and E. Orr, “Autostereoscopic display using holographic optical elements,” Proc. SPIE 2653, 65–74 (1996).

Bahn, J. E.

J. Y. Son, V. V. Saveljev, Y. J. Choi, J. E. Bahn, S. K. Kim, and H. Choi, “Parameters for designing autostereoscopic imaging systems based on lenticular, parallax barrier, and integral photography plates,” Opt. Eng. 42(11), 3326–3333 (2003).

Chang, M. C.

C. Y. Chen, M. C. Chang, M. D. Ke, C. C. Lin, and Y. M. Chen, “A novel high brightness parallax barrier stereoscopy technology using a reflective crown grating,” Microw. Opt. Technol. Lett. 50(6), 1610–1616 (2008).

Chen, C. H.

C. H. Chen, H. H. Huang, T. H. Hsu, M.-H. Kuo, and C. H. Tsai, “Optical simulation for cross-talk evaluation and improvement of autostereoscopic 3-D displays with a projector array,” J. Soc. Inf. Disp. 18(9), 662–667 (2010).

C. H. Chen, Y. P. Huang, S. C. Chuang, C. L. Wu, H. P. D. Shieh, W. Mphepö, C. T. Hsieh, and S. C. Hsu, “Liquid crystal panel for high efficiency barrier type autostereoscopic three-dimensional displays,” Appl. Opt. 48(18), 3446–3454 (2009).
[PubMed]

Chen, C. Y.

C. Y. Chen, T. Y. Hsieh, Q. L. Deng, W. C. Su, and Z. S. Cheng, “Design of a novel symmetric microprism array for dual-view display,” Displays 31(2), 99–103 (2010).

C. Y. Chen, Q. L. Deng, and H. C. Wu, “A high-brightness diffractive stereoscopic display technology,” Displays 31(4-5), 169–174 (2010).

C. Y. Chen, M. C. Chang, M. D. Ke, C. C. Lin, and Y. M. Chen, “A novel high brightness parallax barrier stereoscopy technology using a reflective crown grating,” Microw. Opt. Technol. Lett. 50(6), 1610–1616 (2008).

Chen, Y. M.

C. Y. Chen, M. C. Chang, M. D. Ke, C. C. Lin, and Y. M. Chen, “A novel high brightness parallax barrier stereoscopy technology using a reflective crown grating,” Microw. Opt. Technol. Lett. 50(6), 1610–1616 (2008).

Cheng, Z. S.

C. Y. Chen, T. Y. Hsieh, Q. L. Deng, W. C. Su, and Z. S. Cheng, “Design of a novel symmetric microprism array for dual-view display,” Displays 31(2), 99–103 (2010).

Cho, B. C.

B. C. Cho, J. S. Gu, and E. S. Kim, “Implementation of multiview 3D display system using volume holographic optical element,” Proc. SPIE 4567, 224–232 (2002).

B. C. Cho, J. S. Gu, W. Y. Kim, and E. S. Kim, “Multiview autostereoscopic 3D display system using volume holographic optical element,” Proc. SPIE 4471, 43–50 (2001).

Cho, Y. H.

Y. H. Cho, R. Kawade, T. Kubota, and Y. Kawakami, “Control of morphology and diffraction efficiency of holographic gratings using siloxane-containing reactive diluent,” Sci. Technol. Adv. Mater. 6(5), 435–442 (2005).

Choi, H.

J. Y. Son, V. V. Saveljev, Y. J. Choi, J. E. Bahn, S. K. Kim, and H. Choi, “Parameters for designing autostereoscopic imaging systems based on lenticular, parallax barrier, and integral photography plates,” Opt. Eng. 42(11), 3326–3333 (2003).

Choi, Y. J.

J. Y. Son, V. V. Saveljev, Y. J. Choi, J. E. Bahn, S. K. Kim, and H. Choi, “Parameters for designing autostereoscopic imaging systems based on lenticular, parallax barrier, and integral photography plates,” Opt. Eng. 42(11), 3326–3333 (2003).

Chuang, S. C.

de Boer, D. K. G.

M. P. C. M. Krijn, S. T. de Zwart, D. K. G. de Boer, O. H. Willemsen, and M. Sluijter, “2-D/3-D displays based on switchable lenticulars,” J. Soc. Inf. Disp. 16(8), 847–855 (2008).

de Zwart, S. T.

M. P. C. M. Krijn, S. T. de Zwart, D. K. G. de Boer, O. H. Willemsen, and M. Sluijter, “2-D/3-D displays based on switchable lenticulars,” J. Soc. Inf. Disp. 16(8), 847–855 (2008).

Deng, Q. L.

C. Y. Chen, T. Y. Hsieh, Q. L. Deng, W. C. Su, and Z. S. Cheng, “Design of a novel symmetric microprism array for dual-view display,” Displays 31(2), 99–103 (2010).

C. Y. Chen, Q. L. Deng, and H. C. Wu, “A high-brightness diffractive stereoscopic display technology,” Displays 31(4-5), 169–174 (2010).

Gu, J.

Gu, J. S.

B. C. Cho, J. S. Gu, and E. S. Kim, “Implementation of multiview 3D display system using volume holographic optical element,” Proc. SPIE 4567, 224–232 (2002).

B. C. Cho, J. S. Gu, W. Y. Kim, and E. S. Kim, “Multiview autostereoscopic 3D display system using volume holographic optical element,” Proc. SPIE 4471, 43–50 (2001).

Hsieh, C. T.

Hsieh, T. Y.

C. Y. Chen, T. Y. Hsieh, Q. L. Deng, W. C. Su, and Z. S. Cheng, “Design of a novel symmetric microprism array for dual-view display,” Displays 31(2), 99–103 (2010).

Hsu, S. C.

Hsu, T. H.

C. H. Chen, H. H. Huang, T. H. Hsu, M.-H. Kuo, and C. H. Tsai, “Optical simulation for cross-talk evaluation and improvement of autostereoscopic 3-D displays with a projector array,” J. Soc. Inf. Disp. 18(9), 662–667 (2010).

Huang, H. H.

C. H. Chen, H. H. Huang, T. H. Hsu, M.-H. Kuo, and C. H. Tsai, “Optical simulation for cross-talk evaluation and improvement of autostereoscopic 3-D displays with a projector array,” J. Soc. Inf. Disp. 18(9), 662–667 (2010).

Huang, Y. P.

Järvenpää, T.

T. Järvenpää and M. Salmimaa, “Optical characterization of autostereoscopic 3-D displays,” J. Soc. Inf. Disp. 16(8), 825–833 (2008).

Kawade, R.

Y. H. Cho, R. Kawade, T. Kubota, and Y. Kawakami, “Control of morphology and diffraction efficiency of holographic gratings using siloxane-containing reactive diluent,” Sci. Technol. Adv. Mater. 6(5), 435–442 (2005).

Kawakami, Y.

Y. H. Cho, R. Kawade, T. Kubota, and Y. Kawakami, “Control of morphology and diffraction efficiency of holographic gratings using siloxane-containing reactive diluent,” Sci. Technol. Adv. Mater. 6(5), 435–442 (2005).

Ke, M. D.

C. Y. Chen, M. C. Chang, M. D. Ke, C. C. Lin, and Y. M. Chen, “A novel high brightness parallax barrier stereoscopy technology using a reflective crown grating,” Microw. Opt. Technol. Lett. 50(6), 1610–1616 (2008).

Kim, E. S.

B. C. Cho, J. S. Gu, and E. S. Kim, “Implementation of multiview 3D display system using volume holographic optical element,” Proc. SPIE 4567, 224–232 (2002).

B. C. Cho, J. S. Gu, W. Y. Kim, and E. S. Kim, “Multiview autostereoscopic 3D display system using volume holographic optical element,” Proc. SPIE 4471, 43–50 (2001).

Kim, S. K.

J. Y. Son, V. V. Saveljev, Y. J. Choi, J. E. Bahn, S. K. Kim, and H. Choi, “Parameters for designing autostereoscopic imaging systems based on lenticular, parallax barrier, and integral photography plates,” Opt. Eng. 42(11), 3326–3333 (2003).

Kim, W. Y.

B. C. Cho, J. S. Gu, W. Y. Kim, and E. S. Kim, “Multiview autostereoscopic 3D display system using volume holographic optical element,” Proc. SPIE 4471, 43–50 (2001).

Krijn, M. P. C. M.

M. P. C. M. Krijn, S. T. de Zwart, D. K. G. de Boer, O. H. Willemsen, and M. Sluijter, “2-D/3-D displays based on switchable lenticulars,” J. Soc. Inf. Disp. 16(8), 847–855 (2008).

Kubota, T.

Y. H. Cho, R. Kawade, T. Kubota, and Y. Kawakami, “Control of morphology and diffraction efficiency of holographic gratings using siloxane-containing reactive diluent,” Sci. Technol. Adv. Mater. 6(5), 435–442 (2005).

Kuo, M.-H.

C. H. Chen, H. H. Huang, T. H. Hsu, M.-H. Kuo, and C. H. Tsai, “Optical simulation for cross-talk evaluation and improvement of autostereoscopic 3-D displays with a projector array,” J. Soc. Inf. Disp. 18(9), 662–667 (2010).

Li, D. H.

Li, X. F.

Lin, C. C.

C. Y. Chen, M. C. Chang, M. D. Ke, C. C. Lin, and Y. M. Chen, “A novel high brightness parallax barrier stereoscopy technology using a reflective crown grating,” Microw. Opt. Technol. Lett. 50(6), 1610–1616 (2008).

Mphepö, W.

Orr, E.

D. Trayner and E. Orr, “Developments in autostereoscopic displays using holographic optical elements,” Proc. SPIE 3012, 167–174 (1997).

D. Trayner and E. Orr, “Autostereoscopic display using holographic optical elements,” Proc. SPIE 2653, 65–74 (1996).

Salmimaa, M.

T. Järvenpää and M. Salmimaa, “Optical characterization of autostereoscopic 3-D displays,” J. Soc. Inf. Disp. 16(8), 825–833 (2008).

Saveljev, V. V.

J. Y. Son, V. V. Saveljev, Y. J. Choi, J. E. Bahn, S. K. Kim, and H. Choi, “Parameters for designing autostereoscopic imaging systems based on lenticular, parallax barrier, and integral photography plates,” Opt. Eng. 42(11), 3326–3333 (2003).

Shieh, H. P. D.

Sluijter, M.

M. P. C. M. Krijn, S. T. de Zwart, D. K. G. de Boer, O. H. Willemsen, and M. Sluijter, “2-D/3-D displays based on switchable lenticulars,” J. Soc. Inf. Disp. 16(8), 847–855 (2008).

Son, J. Y.

J. Y. Son, V. V. Saveljev, Y. J. Choi, J. E. Bahn, S. K. Kim, and H. Choi, “Parameters for designing autostereoscopic imaging systems based on lenticular, parallax barrier, and integral photography plates,” Opt. Eng. 42(11), 3326–3333 (2003).

Su, W. C.

C. Y. Chen, T. Y. Hsieh, Q. L. Deng, W. C. Su, and Z. S. Cheng, “Design of a novel symmetric microprism array for dual-view display,” Displays 31(2), 99–103 (2010).

Tao, Y. H.

Trayner, D.

D. Trayner and E. Orr, “Developments in autostereoscopic displays using holographic optical elements,” Proc. SPIE 3012, 167–174 (1997).

D. Trayner and E. Orr, “Autostereoscopic display using holographic optical elements,” Proc. SPIE 2653, 65–74 (1996).

Tsai, C. H.

C. H. Chen, H. H. Huang, T. H. Hsu, M.-H. Kuo, and C. H. Tsai, “Optical simulation for cross-talk evaluation and improvement of autostereoscopic 3-D displays with a projector array,” J. Soc. Inf. Disp. 18(9), 662–667 (2010).

Wang, A. H.

Wang, Q. H.

Willemsen, O. H.

M. P. C. M. Krijn, S. T. de Zwart, D. K. G. de Boer, O. H. Willemsen, and M. Sluijter, “2-D/3-D displays based on switchable lenticulars,” J. Soc. Inf. Disp. 16(8), 847–855 (2008).

Wu, C. L.

Wu, H. C.

C. Y. Chen, Q. L. Deng, and H. C. Wu, “A high-brightness diffractive stereoscopic display technology,” Displays 31(4-5), 169–174 (2010).

Zhao, W. X.

Zhou, L.

Appl. Opt. (2)

Displays (2)

C. Y. Chen, Q. L. Deng, and H. C. Wu, “A high-brightness diffractive stereoscopic display technology,” Displays 31(4-5), 169–174 (2010).

C. Y. Chen, T. Y. Hsieh, Q. L. Deng, W. C. Su, and Z. S. Cheng, “Design of a novel symmetric microprism array for dual-view display,” Displays 31(2), 99–103 (2010).

J. Soc. Inf. Disp. (3)

M. P. C. M. Krijn, S. T. de Zwart, D. K. G. de Boer, O. H. Willemsen, and M. Sluijter, “2-D/3-D displays based on switchable lenticulars,” J. Soc. Inf. Disp. 16(8), 847–855 (2008).

T. Järvenpää and M. Salmimaa, “Optical characterization of autostereoscopic 3-D displays,” J. Soc. Inf. Disp. 16(8), 825–833 (2008).

C. H. Chen, H. H. Huang, T. H. Hsu, M.-H. Kuo, and C. H. Tsai, “Optical simulation for cross-talk evaluation and improvement of autostereoscopic 3-D displays with a projector array,” J. Soc. Inf. Disp. 18(9), 662–667 (2010).

Microw. Opt. Technol. Lett. (1)

C. Y. Chen, M. C. Chang, M. D. Ke, C. C. Lin, and Y. M. Chen, “A novel high brightness parallax barrier stereoscopy technology using a reflective crown grating,” Microw. Opt. Technol. Lett. 50(6), 1610–1616 (2008).

Opt. Eng. (1)

J. Y. Son, V. V. Saveljev, Y. J. Choi, J. E. Bahn, S. K. Kim, and H. Choi, “Parameters for designing autostereoscopic imaging systems based on lenticular, parallax barrier, and integral photography plates,” Opt. Eng. 42(11), 3326–3333 (2003).

Opt. Lett. (2)

Proc. SPIE (4)

D. Trayner and E. Orr, “Autostereoscopic display using holographic optical elements,” Proc. SPIE 2653, 65–74 (1996).

D. Trayner and E. Orr, “Developments in autostereoscopic displays using holographic optical elements,” Proc. SPIE 3012, 167–174 (1997).

B. C. Cho, J. S. Gu, W. Y. Kim, and E. S. Kim, “Multiview autostereoscopic 3D display system using volume holographic optical element,” Proc. SPIE 4471, 43–50 (2001).

B. C. Cho, J. S. Gu, and E. S. Kim, “Implementation of multiview 3D display system using volume holographic optical element,” Proc. SPIE 4567, 224–232 (2002).

Sci. Technol. Adv. Mater. (1)

Y. H. Cho, R. Kawade, T. Kubota, and Y. Kawakami, “Control of morphology and diffraction efficiency of holographic gratings using siloxane-containing reactive diluent,” Sci. Technol. Adv. Mater. 6(5), 435–442 (2005).

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Figures (6)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1

A holographic image splitter for stereogram.

Fig. 2
Fig. 2

Calculation of the HOE split angle.

Fig. 3
Fig. 3

(a) Experimental setup for fabrication of a holographic image splitter for stereogram application. SF, spatial filter; BS, beam splitters; FL, Fourier lens. (b) Fabrication geometry of sub-holograms for right images in this holographic image splitter. (c) Fabrication geometry of sub-holograms for left images in this holographic image splitter.

Fig. 4
Fig. 4

The experimental architecture for measuring diffraction efficiency of HOE.

Fig. 5
Fig. 5

The experimental architecture for implementing a stereogram using the proposed HOE.

Fig. 6
Fig. 6

Experimental result of a holographic image splitter.

Tables (1)

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Table 1 Diffraction intensity from even and odd pixels measured at location of right and left eye

Equations (2)

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α = tan 1 W H
C R R = R r R l R r + R l × 100 % C R L = L l L r L l + L r × 100 %

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