Abstract

We demonstrated a method to trim the beat frequency of dual-polarization fiber grating lasers by side-exposing the laser cavity to UV beam. The UV-side-illumination induces an additional birefringence of the cavity fiber and therefore permanently changes the beat frequency of the laser. The beat frequency can be trimmed up or trimmed down, depending on the UV incident direction relative to the intrinsic polarization axis of the active fiber. A trimming range as much as ~700MHz has been achieved. This method allows us to actively control the beat frequency of dual-polarization fiber grating lasers. A 6-channel RF-frequency division multiplexed polarimetric fiber grating laser array has been demonstrated.

© 2010 OSA

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References

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    [CrossRef]
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    [CrossRef]
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    [CrossRef]
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    [CrossRef]
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    [CrossRef]

2010 (1)

B. O. Guan and S. N. Wang, “Fiber grating laser current sensor based on magnetic force,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 22(4), 230–232 (2010).
[CrossRef]

2009 (2)

Y. Zhang and B. O. Guan, “High sensitivity distributed Bragg reflector fiber laser displacement sensor,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 21(5), 280–282 (2009).
[CrossRef]

B. O. Guan, Y. N. Tan, and H. Y. Tam, “Dual polarization fiber grating laser hydrophone,” Opt. Express 17(22), 19544–19550 (2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

2008 (2)

Y. Zhang, B. O. Guan, and H. Y. Tam, “Characteristics of the distributed Bragg reflector fiber laser sensor for lateral force measurement,” Opt. Commun. 281(18), 4619–4622 (2008).
[CrossRef]

G. A. Cranch, G. M. H. Flockhart, and C. K. Kirkendall, “Distributed feedback fiber laser strain sensors,” IEEE Sens. J. 8(7), 1161–1172 (2008).
[CrossRef]

2007 (1)

G. H. Ames and J. M. Maguire, “Erbium fiber laser accelerometer,” IEEE Sens. J. 7(4), 557–561 (2007).
[CrossRef]

2004 (1)

2001 (1)

1999 (1)

1998 (1)

J. L. Philipsen, M. O. Berendt, P. Varming, V. C. Lauridsen, J. H. Povlsen, J. Hubner, M. Kristensen, and B. Palsdottir, “Polarisation control of DFB fibre laser using UV-induced birefringent phase-shift,” Electron. Lett. 34(7), 678–679 (1998).
[CrossRef]

1997 (1)

H. Storøy, B. Sahlgren, and R. Stubbe, “Single polarization fibre DFB laser,” Electron. Lett. 33(1), 56–58 (1997).
[CrossRef]

1996 (1)

1994 (1)

1993 (1)

Ames, G. H.

G. H. Ames and J. M. Maguire, “Erbium fiber laser accelerometer,” IEEE Sens. J. 7(4), 557–561 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Ball, G. A.

Berendt, M. O.

J. L. Philipsen, M. O. Berendt, P. Varming, V. C. Lauridsen, J. H. Povlsen, J. Hubner, M. Kristensen, and B. Palsdottir, “Polarisation control of DFB fibre laser using UV-induced birefringent phase-shift,” Electron. Lett. 34(7), 678–679 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Bohnert, K.

Brändle, H.

Cranch, G. A.

G. A. Cranch, G. M. H. Flockhart, and C. K. Kirkendall, “Distributed feedback fiber laser strain sensors,” IEEE Sens. J. 8(7), 1161–1172 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Flockhart, G. M. H.

G. A. Cranch, G. M. H. Flockhart, and C. K. Kirkendall, “Distributed feedback fiber laser strain sensors,” IEEE Sens. J. 8(7), 1161–1172 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Frank, A.

Guan, B. O.

B. O. Guan and S. N. Wang, “Fiber grating laser current sensor based on magnetic force,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 22(4), 230–232 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Y. Zhang and B. O. Guan, “High sensitivity distributed Bragg reflector fiber laser displacement sensor,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 21(5), 280–282 (2009).
[CrossRef]

B. O. Guan, Y. N. Tan, and H. Y. Tam, “Dual polarization fiber grating laser hydrophone,” Opt. Express 17(22), 19544–19550 (2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Y. Zhang, B. O. Guan, and H. Y. Tam, “Characteristics of the distributed Bragg reflector fiber laser sensor for lateral force measurement,” Opt. Commun. 281(18), 4619–4622 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Hadeler, O.

Haroud, K.

Hubner, J.

J. L. Philipsen, M. O. Berendt, P. Varming, V. C. Lauridsen, J. H. Povlsen, J. Hubner, M. Kristensen, and B. Palsdottir, “Polarisation control of DFB fibre laser using UV-induced birefringent phase-shift,” Electron. Lett. 34(7), 678–679 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Ibsen, M.

Inniss, D.

Kirkendall, C. K.

G. A. Cranch, G. M. H. Flockhart, and C. K. Kirkendall, “Distributed feedback fiber laser strain sensors,” IEEE Sens. J. 8(7), 1161–1172 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Kosinski, S. G.

Kringlebotn, J. T.

Kristensen, M.

J. L. Philipsen, M. O. Berendt, P. Varming, V. C. Lauridsen, J. H. Povlsen, J. Hubner, M. Kristensen, and B. Palsdottir, “Polarisation control of DFB fibre laser using UV-induced birefringent phase-shift,” Electron. Lett. 34(7), 678–679 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Laming, R. I.

Lauridsen, V. C.

J. L. Philipsen, M. O. Berendt, P. Varming, V. C. Lauridsen, J. H. Povlsen, J. Hubner, M. Kristensen, and B. Palsdottir, “Polarisation control of DFB fibre laser using UV-induced birefringent phase-shift,” Electron. Lett. 34(7), 678–679 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Lemaire, P. J.

Loh, W. H.

Maguire, J. M.

G. H. Ames and J. M. Maguire, “Erbium fiber laser accelerometer,” IEEE Sens. J. 7(4), 557–561 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Meltz, G.

Morey, W. W.

Palsdottir, B.

J. L. Philipsen, M. O. Berendt, P. Varming, V. C. Lauridsen, J. H. Povlsen, J. Hubner, M. Kristensen, and B. Palsdottir, “Polarisation control of DFB fibre laser using UV-induced birefringent phase-shift,” Electron. Lett. 34(7), 678–679 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Philipsen, J. L.

J. L. Philipsen, M. O. Berendt, P. Varming, V. C. Lauridsen, J. H. Povlsen, J. Hubner, M. Kristensen, and B. Palsdottir, “Polarisation control of DFB fibre laser using UV-induced birefringent phase-shift,” Electron. Lett. 34(7), 678–679 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Povlsen, J. H.

J. L. Philipsen, M. O. Berendt, P. Varming, V. C. Lauridsen, J. H. Povlsen, J. Hubner, M. Kristensen, and B. Palsdottir, “Polarisation control of DFB fibre laser using UV-induced birefringent phase-shift,” Electron. Lett. 34(7), 678–679 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Reed, W. A.

Renner, H.

Rochat, E.

Rønnekleiv, E.

Sahlgren, B.

H. Storøy, B. Sahlgren, and R. Stubbe, “Single polarization fibre DFB laser,” Electron. Lett. 33(1), 56–58 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Storøy, H.

H. Storøy, B. Sahlgren, and R. Stubbe, “Single polarization fibre DFB laser,” Electron. Lett. 33(1), 56–58 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Stubbe, R.

H. Storøy, B. Sahlgren, and R. Stubbe, “Single polarization fibre DFB laser,” Electron. Lett. 33(1), 56–58 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Tam, H. Y.

B. O. Guan, Y. N. Tan, and H. Y. Tam, “Dual polarization fiber grating laser hydrophone,” Opt. Express 17(22), 19544–19550 (2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Y. Zhang, B. O. Guan, and H. Y. Tam, “Characteristics of the distributed Bragg reflector fiber laser sensor for lateral force measurement,” Opt. Commun. 281(18), 4619–4622 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Tan, Y. N.

Varming, P.

J. L. Philipsen, M. O. Berendt, P. Varming, V. C. Lauridsen, J. H. Povlsen, J. Hubner, M. Kristensen, and B. Palsdottir, “Polarisation control of DFB fibre laser using UV-induced birefringent phase-shift,” Electron. Lett. 34(7), 678–679 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Vengsarkar, A. M.

Wang, S. N.

B. O. Guan and S. N. Wang, “Fiber grating laser current sensor based on magnetic force,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 22(4), 230–232 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Zhang, Y.

Y. Zhang and B. O. Guan, “High sensitivity distributed Bragg reflector fiber laser displacement sensor,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 21(5), 280–282 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Y. Zhang, B. O. Guan, and H. Y. Tam, “Characteristics of the distributed Bragg reflector fiber laser sensor for lateral force measurement,” Opt. Commun. 281(18), 4619–4622 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Zhong, Q.

Appl. Opt. (2)

Electron. Lett. (2)

H. Storøy, B. Sahlgren, and R. Stubbe, “Single polarization fibre DFB laser,” Electron. Lett. 33(1), 56–58 (1997).
[CrossRef]

J. L. Philipsen, M. O. Berendt, P. Varming, V. C. Lauridsen, J. H. Povlsen, J. Hubner, M. Kristensen, and B. Palsdottir, “Polarisation control of DFB fibre laser using UV-induced birefringent phase-shift,” Electron. Lett. 34(7), 678–679 (1998).
[CrossRef]

IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. (2)

Y. Zhang and B. O. Guan, “High sensitivity distributed Bragg reflector fiber laser displacement sensor,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 21(5), 280–282 (2009).
[CrossRef]

B. O. Guan and S. N. Wang, “Fiber grating laser current sensor based on magnetic force,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 22(4), 230–232 (2010).
[CrossRef]

IEEE Sens. J. (2)

G. H. Ames and J. M. Maguire, “Erbium fiber laser accelerometer,” IEEE Sens. J. 7(4), 557–561 (2007).
[CrossRef]

G. A. Cranch, G. M. H. Flockhart, and C. K. Kirkendall, “Distributed feedback fiber laser strain sensors,” IEEE Sens. J. 8(7), 1161–1172 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Opt. Commun. (1)

Y. Zhang, B. O. Guan, and H. Y. Tam, “Characteristics of the distributed Bragg reflector fiber laser sensor for lateral force measurement,” Opt. Commun. 281(18), 4619–4622 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Opt. Express (2)

Opt. Lett. (3)

Other (2)

S. B. Foster, A. Tikhomirov, M. Englund, H. Inglis, G. Edvell, and M. Milnes, “A 16 Channel Fibre Laser Sensor Array,” 18th Int. Conf Optical Fiber Sensors, Cancún, Mexico, FA4 (2006)

D. J. Hill, B. Hodder, J. D. Freitas, S. D. Thomas, and L. Hickey, “DFB fibre-laser sensor developments,” in Proc. 17th Int. Conf. Optical Fiber Sensors, Bruges, Belgium, 904–907 (2005).

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Figures (6)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1

Cross section of active fiber exposed to UV beam.

Fig. 2
Fig. 2

Experiment setup for writing the DBR fiber lasers and trimming the laser beat frequency.

Fig. 3
Fig. 3

Beat frequency shift versus the number of UV pulses.

Fig. 4
Fig. 4

Spectrums of the polarization beat signal before and after exposing.

Fig. 5
Fig. 5

Refined trimming of the laser beat frequency.

Fig. 6
Fig. 6

(a) Optical spectrum of 6-channel multiplexed DBR laser array measured with optical spectrum analyzer; (b) Beat note spectrum of 6-channel DBR laser array measured with RF spectrum analyzer.

Equations (1)

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Δ ν = c n 0 λ 0 B ,

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