Abstract

This paper describes a theoretical study of the impact of dispersion map design upon the long-haul RZ-DPSK system using the dispersion flattened fiber. Numerical simulations are conducted to clarify the transmission performance of different dispersion map designs. As a result, number of dispersion blocks has a significant impact upon the transmission performance, and reduction of the number improves the nonlinear tolerance of the system.

© 2010 OSA

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References

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  1. T. Inoue, K. Ishida, T. Tokura, E. Shibano, H. Taga, K. Shimizu, K. Goto, and K. Motoshima, “150km repeater span transmission experiment over 9,000klm,” in European Conference of Optical Communication (ECOC), Stockholm, Sweden, 2004, paper Th4.1.3.
  2. J.-X. Cai, M. Nissov, W. Anderson, M. Vaa, C. R. Davidson, D. G. Foursa, L. Liu, Y. Cai, A. J. Lucero, W. W. Patterson, P. C. Corbett, A. N. Pilipetskii, and N. S. Bergano, “Long-haul 40 Gb/s RZ-DPSK transmission with long repeater spacing,” in Optical Fiber Communication Conference, Technical Digest (CD) (Optical Society of America, 2006), paper OFD3, http://www.opticsinfobase.org/abstract.cfm?URI=OFC-2006-OFD3 .
  3. C. Rasmussen, T. Fjelde, J. Bennike, F. Liu, S. Dey, B. Mikkelsen, P. Mamyshev, P. Serbe, P. vanderWagt, Y. Akasaka, D. Harris, D. Gapontsev, V. Ivshin, and P. Reeves-Hall, “DWDM 40G Transmission Over Trans-Pacific Distance (10 000 km) Using CSRZ-DPSK, Enhanced FEC, and All-Raman-Amplified 100-km UltraWave Fiber Spans,” J. Lightwave Technol. 22(1), 203–207 (2004), http://www.opticsinfobase.org/JLT/abstract.cfm?URI=JLT-22-1-203 .
    [CrossRef]
  4. N. S. Bergano, “Wavelength division multiplexing in long-haul transoceanic transmission systems,” J. Lightwave Technol. 23(12), 4125–4139 (2005), http://www.opticsinfobase.org/JLT/abstract.cfm?URI=JLT-23-12-41 .
    [CrossRef]
  5. G. Mohs, W. T. Anderson, and E. A. Golovchenko, “A New Dispersion Map for Undersea Optical Communication Systems,” in Optical Fiber Communication Conference and Exposition and The National Fiber Optic Engineers Conference, OSA Technical Digest Series (CD) (Optical Society of America, 2007), paper JThA41, http://www.opticsinfobase.org/abstract.cfm?URI=OFC-2007-JThA41 .
  6. S. Dupont, P. Marmier, L. d. Mouza, G. Charlet, and V. Letellier, “70 x 10 Gbps (mixed RZ-OOK and RZDPSK) upgrade of a 7224km conventional 32 x 10 Gbps designed system,” in European Conference of Optical Communication (ECOC), Berlin, Germany, 2007, Paper 2.3.5.
  7. H. Taga, S.-S. Shu, J.-Y. Wu, and W.-T. Shih, “A theoretical study of the effect of zero-crossing points within the dispersion map upon a longhaul RZ-DPSK system,” Opt. Express 16(9), 6163–6169 (2008), http://www.opticsinfobase.org/oe/abstract.cfm?URI=oe-16-9-6163 .
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  8. B. Bakhshi, M. Manna, G. Mohs, D. I. Kovsh, R. L. Lynch, M. Vaa, E. A. Golovchenko, W. W. Patterson, W. T. Anderson, P. Corbett, S. Jiang, M. M. Sanders, H. Li, G. T. Harvey, A. Lucero, and S. M. Abbott, “First Dispersion-Flattened Transpacific Undersea System: From Design to Terabit/s Field Trial,” J. Lightwave Technol. 22, 233- (2004), http://www.opticsinfobase.org/JLT/abstract.cfm?URI=JLT-22-1-233 .
  9. H. Taga, “A theoretical investigation of the long-haul RZ-DPSK system performance using DFF and NZDSF,” Opt. Express 17(8), 6032–6037 (2009), http://www.opticsinfobase.org/oe/abstract.cfm?URI=oe-17-8-6032 .
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  10. http://www.ofsoptics.com/resources/UWOceanFiber-fiber-115.pdf .
  11. X. Wei, X. Liu, and C. Xu, “Numerical simulation of the SPM penalty in a 10-Gb/s RZ-DPSK system,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 15(11), 1636–1638 (2003), http://ieeexplore.ieee.org/stamp/stamp.jsp?arnumber=1237613&isnumber=27767 .
    [CrossRef]

2009 (1)

2008 (1)

2005 (1)

2004 (1)

2003 (1)

X. Wei, X. Liu, and C. Xu, “Numerical simulation of the SPM penalty in a 10-Gb/s RZ-DPSK system,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 15(11), 1636–1638 (2003), http://ieeexplore.ieee.org/stamp/stamp.jsp?arnumber=1237613&isnumber=27767 .
[CrossRef]

Akasaka, Y.

Bennike, J.

Bergano, N. S.

Dey, S.

Fjelde, T.

Gapontsev, D.

Harris, D.

Ivshin, V.

Liu, F.

Liu, X.

X. Wei, X. Liu, and C. Xu, “Numerical simulation of the SPM penalty in a 10-Gb/s RZ-DPSK system,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 15(11), 1636–1638 (2003), http://ieeexplore.ieee.org/stamp/stamp.jsp?arnumber=1237613&isnumber=27767 .
[CrossRef]

Mamyshev, P.

Mikkelsen, B.

Rasmussen, C.

Reeves-Hall, P.

Serbe, P.

Shih, W.-T.

Shu, S.-S.

Taga, H.

vanderWagt, P.

Wei, X.

X. Wei, X. Liu, and C. Xu, “Numerical simulation of the SPM penalty in a 10-Gb/s RZ-DPSK system,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 15(11), 1636–1638 (2003), http://ieeexplore.ieee.org/stamp/stamp.jsp?arnumber=1237613&isnumber=27767 .
[CrossRef]

Wu, J.-Y.

Xu, C.

X. Wei, X. Liu, and C. Xu, “Numerical simulation of the SPM penalty in a 10-Gb/s RZ-DPSK system,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 15(11), 1636–1638 (2003), http://ieeexplore.ieee.org/stamp/stamp.jsp?arnumber=1237613&isnumber=27767 .
[CrossRef]

IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. (1)

X. Wei, X. Liu, and C. Xu, “Numerical simulation of the SPM penalty in a 10-Gb/s RZ-DPSK system,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 15(11), 1636–1638 (2003), http://ieeexplore.ieee.org/stamp/stamp.jsp?arnumber=1237613&isnumber=27767 .
[CrossRef]

J. Lightwave Technol. (2)

Opt. Express (2)

Other (6)

T. Inoue, K. Ishida, T. Tokura, E. Shibano, H. Taga, K. Shimizu, K. Goto, and K. Motoshima, “150km repeater span transmission experiment over 9,000klm,” in European Conference of Optical Communication (ECOC), Stockholm, Sweden, 2004, paper Th4.1.3.

J.-X. Cai, M. Nissov, W. Anderson, M. Vaa, C. R. Davidson, D. G. Foursa, L. Liu, Y. Cai, A. J. Lucero, W. W. Patterson, P. C. Corbett, A. N. Pilipetskii, and N. S. Bergano, “Long-haul 40 Gb/s RZ-DPSK transmission with long repeater spacing,” in Optical Fiber Communication Conference, Technical Digest (CD) (Optical Society of America, 2006), paper OFD3, http://www.opticsinfobase.org/abstract.cfm?URI=OFC-2006-OFD3 .

G. Mohs, W. T. Anderson, and E. A. Golovchenko, “A New Dispersion Map for Undersea Optical Communication Systems,” in Optical Fiber Communication Conference and Exposition and The National Fiber Optic Engineers Conference, OSA Technical Digest Series (CD) (Optical Society of America, 2007), paper JThA41, http://www.opticsinfobase.org/abstract.cfm?URI=OFC-2007-JThA41 .

S. Dupont, P. Marmier, L. d. Mouza, G. Charlet, and V. Letellier, “70 x 10 Gbps (mixed RZ-OOK and RZDPSK) upgrade of a 7224km conventional 32 x 10 Gbps designed system,” in European Conference of Optical Communication (ECOC), Berlin, Germany, 2007, Paper 2.3.5.

B. Bakhshi, M. Manna, G. Mohs, D. I. Kovsh, R. L. Lynch, M. Vaa, E. A. Golovchenko, W. W. Patterson, W. T. Anderson, P. Corbett, S. Jiang, M. M. Sanders, H. Li, G. T. Harvey, A. Lucero, and S. M. Abbott, “First Dispersion-Flattened Transpacific Undersea System: From Design to Terabit/s Field Trial,” J. Lightwave Technol. 22, 233- (2004), http://www.opticsinfobase.org/JLT/abstract.cfm?URI=JLT-22-1-233 .

http://www.ofsoptics.com/resources/UWOceanFiber-fiber-115.pdf .

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Figures (6)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1

A schematic diagram of the simulation model.

Fig. 2
Fig. 2

Dispersion maps of the simulated system

Fig. 3
Fig. 3

Simulated 96-channels transmission performance as a function of repeater output power.

Fig. 4
Fig. 4

Averaged Q-factor as a function of the repeater output power.

Fig. 5
Fig. 5

Modified dispersion map.

Fig. 6
Fig. 6

Averaged Q-factor of modified map as a function of the repeater output power.

Tables (1)

Tables Icon

Table 1 Parameters of the transmission fiber

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