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C. Qin, J. Tian, X. Yang, J. Feng, K. Liu, J. Liu, G. Yan, S. Zhu, and M. Xu, “Adaptive improved element free Galerkin method for quasi or multi spectral bioluminescence tomography,” Opt. Express 17, 21925–21934 (2009), http://www.opticsinfobase.org/oe/abstract.cfm?URI=oe-17-24-21925.

[CrossRef]
[PubMed]

J. Feng, K. Jia, C. Qin, G. Yan, S. Zhu, X. Zhang, J. Liu, and J. Tian, “Three-dimensional Bioluminescence Tomography based on Bayesian Approach,” Opt. Express 17, 16834–16848 (2009), http://www.opticsinfobase.org/oe/abstract.cfm?URI=oe-17-19-16834.

[CrossRef]
[PubMed]

Y. Lu, X. Zhang, A. Douraghy, D. Stout, J. Tian, T. F. Chan, and A. F. Chatziioannou, “Source Reconstruction for spectrally-resolved bioluminescence tomography with sparse a priori information,” Opt. Express 17, 8062–8080 (2009), http://www.opticsinfobase.org/oe/abstract.cfm?URI=oe-17-10-8062.

[CrossRef]
[PubMed]

Y. Lu, A. Douraghy, H. B. Machado, D. Stout, J. Tian, H. Herschman, and A. F. Chatziioannou, “Spectrally-resolved bioluminescence tomography with the third-order simplified spherical harmonics approximation. Physics in Medicine and Biology,” 59, 6477–6493 (2009).

X. L. Cheng, R. F. Gong, and W. M. Han, “Numerical approximation of bioluminescence tomography based on a new formulation,” Journal of Engineering Mathematics 63, 121–133 (2009).

[CrossRef]

M. Chua and H. Dehghani, “Image reconstruction in diffuse optical tomography based on simplified spherical harmonics approximation,” Opt. Express 17, 24208–24223, (2009), http://www.opticsinfobase.org/abstract.cfm?URI=oe-17-26-24208.

[CrossRef]

H. Dehghani, S. C. Davis, and B. W. Pogue, “Spectrally resolved bioluminescence tomography using the reciprocity approach,” Medical Physics 35, 4863–4871 (2008).

[CrossRef]
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[CrossRef]
[PubMed]

J. Tian, J. Bai, X.-P. Yan, S. Bao, Y. Li, W. Liang, and X. Yang, “Multimodality molecular imaging,” IEEE Eng. Med. Bio. Mag. 27, 48–57 (2008).

[CrossRef]

D. Qin, H. Zhao, Y. Tanikawa, and F. Gao, “Experimental determination of optical properties in turbid medium by TCSPC technique,” Proc. SPIE 6434, 64342E (2007).

[CrossRef]

Y. Lv, J. Tian, H. Li, W. Cong, G. Wang, W. Yang, C. Qin, and M. Xu, “Spectrally resolved bioluminescence tomography with adaptive finite element: methodology and simulation,” Phys. Med. Biol. 52, 1–16 (2007).

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[CrossRef]

W. M. Han, W. X. Cong, and G. Wang, “Mathematical theory and numerical analysis of bioluminescence tomography,” Inverse Problems 22, 1659–1675 (2006).

[CrossRef]

Y. Lv, J. Tian, W. Cong, G. Wang, J. Luo, W. Yang, and H. Li, “A multilevel adaptive finite element algorithm for bioluminescence tomography,” Opt. Express 14, 8211–8223 (2006), http://www.opticsinfobase.org/abstract.cfm?URI=oe-14-18-8211.

[CrossRef]
[PubMed]

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[CrossRef]
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[CrossRef]

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[CrossRef]

H. Li, J. Tian, F. Zhu, W. Cong, L. V. Wang, E. A. Hoffman, and G. Wang, “A mouse optical simulation enviroment (MOSE) to investigate bioluminescent phenomena in the living mouse with the Monte Carlo Method,” Acad. Radiol. 11, 1029–1038 (2004).

[CrossRef]
[PubMed]

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[CrossRef]
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[CrossRef]
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[CrossRef]
[PubMed]

S. R. Arridge, M. Schweiger, M. Hiraoka, and D. T. Delpy, “A finite element approach for modeling photon transport in tissue,” Med. Phys. 20, 299–309 (1993).

[CrossRef]
[PubMed]

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[CrossRef]

K. Levenberg, “A method for the solution of certain nonlinear problems,” Quart. Appl. Math. 2, 164–168 (1944).

G. Alexandrakis, F. R. Rannou, and A. F. Chatziioannou, “Tomographic bioluminescence imaging by use of a combined optical-PET (OPET) system: a computer simulation feasibility study,” Phys. Med. Biol. 50, 4225–4241 (2005).

[CrossRef]
[PubMed]

M. Schweiger, S. R. Arridge, M. Hiraoka, and D. T. Delpy, “The finite element method for the propagation of light in scattering media: Boundary and source conditions,” Med. Phys. 22, 1779–1792 (1995).

[CrossRef]
[PubMed]

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[CrossRef]
[PubMed]

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[CrossRef]
[PubMed]

J. Tian, J. Bai, X.-P. Yan, S. Bao, Y. Li, W. Liang, and X. Yang, “Multimodality molecular imaging,” IEEE Eng. Med. Bio. Mag. 27, 48–57 (2008).

[CrossRef]

J. Tian, J. Bai, X.-P. Yan, S. Bao, Y. Li, W. Liang, and X. Yang, “Multimodality molecular imaging,” IEEE Eng. Med. Bio. Mag. 27, 48–57 (2008).

[CrossRef]

V. Ntziachristos, C. Tung, C. Bremer, and R. Weissleder, “Fluorescence molecular tomography resolves protease activity in vivo,” Nat. Med. 8, 757–760 (2002).

[CrossRef]
[PubMed]

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[CrossRef]
[PubMed]

Y. Lu, X. Zhang, A. Douraghy, D. Stout, J. Tian, T. F. Chan, and A. F. Chatziioannou, “Source Reconstruction for spectrally-resolved bioluminescence tomography with sparse a priori information,” Opt. Express 17, 8062–8080 (2009), http://www.opticsinfobase.org/oe/abstract.cfm?URI=oe-17-10-8062.

[CrossRef]
[PubMed]

Y. Lu, X. Zhang, A. Douraghy, D. Stout, J. Tian, T. F. Chan, and A. F. Chatziioannou, “Source Reconstruction for spectrally-resolved bioluminescence tomography with sparse a priori information,” Opt. Express 17, 8062–8080 (2009), http://www.opticsinfobase.org/oe/abstract.cfm?URI=oe-17-10-8062.

[CrossRef]
[PubMed]

Y. Lu, A. Douraghy, H. B. Machado, D. Stout, J. Tian, H. Herschman, and A. F. Chatziioannou, “Spectrally-resolved bioluminescence tomography with the third-order simplified spherical harmonics approximation. Physics in Medicine and Biology,” 59, 6477–6493 (2009).

G. Alexandrakis, F. R. Rannou, and A. F. Chatziioannou, “Tomographic bioluminescence imaging by use of a combined optical-PET (OPET) system: a computer simulation feasibility study,” Phys. Med. Biol. 50, 4225–4241 (2005).

[CrossRef]
[PubMed]

X. L. Cheng, R. F. Gong, and W. M. Han, “Numerical approximation of bioluminescence tomography based on a new formulation,” Journal of Engineering Mathematics 63, 121–133 (2009).

[CrossRef]

W. Cong, D. Kumar, Y. Liu, A. Cong, and G. Wang, “A practical method to determine the light source distribution in bioluminescent imaging,” Proc. SPIE 5535, 679–686 (2004).

[CrossRef]

Y. Lv, J. Tian, H. Li, W. Cong, G. Wang, W. Yang, C. Qin, and M. Xu, “Spectrally resolved bioluminescence tomography with adaptive finite element: methodology and simulation,” Phys. Med. Biol. 52, 1–16 (2007).

[CrossRef]

Y. Lv, J. Tian, W. Cong, G. Wang, J. Luo, W. Yang, and H. Li, “A multilevel adaptive finite element algorithm for bioluminescence tomography,” Opt. Express 14, 8211–8223 (2006), http://www.opticsinfobase.org/abstract.cfm?URI=oe-14-18-8211.

[CrossRef]
[PubMed]

H. Li, J. Tian, F. Zhu, W. Cong, L. V. Wang, E. A. Hoffman, and G. Wang, “A mouse optical simulation enviroment (MOSE) to investigate bioluminescent phenomena in the living mouse with the Monte Carlo Method,” Acad. Radiol. 11, 1029–1038 (2004).

[CrossRef]
[PubMed]

W. Cong, D. Kumar, Y. Liu, A. Cong, and G. Wang, “A practical method to determine the light source distribution in bioluminescent imaging,” Proc. SPIE 5535, 679–686 (2004).

[CrossRef]

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[CrossRef]

C. Contag and M. H. Bachmann, “Advances in Bioluminescence imaging of gene expression,” Annu. Rev. Biomed. Eng. 4, 235–260 (2002).

[CrossRef]
[PubMed]

H. Dehghani, S. C. Davis, and B. W. Pogue, “Spectrally resolved bioluminescence tomography using the reciprocity approach,” Medical Physics 35, 4863–4871 (2008).

[CrossRef]
[PubMed]

M. Chua and H. Dehghani, “Image reconstruction in diffuse optical tomography based on simplified spherical harmonics approximation,” Opt. Express 17, 24208–24223, (2009), http://www.opticsinfobase.org/abstract.cfm?URI=oe-17-26-24208.

[CrossRef]

H. Dehghani, S. C. Davis, and B. W. Pogue, “Spectrally resolved bioluminescence tomography using the reciprocity approach,” Medical Physics 35, 4863–4871 (2008).

[CrossRef]
[PubMed]

M. Schweiger, S. R. Arridge, M. Hiraoka, and D. T. Delpy, “The finite element method for the propagation of light in scattering media: Boundary and source conditions,” Med. Phys. 22, 1779–1792 (1995).

[CrossRef]
[PubMed]

S. R. Arridge, M. Schweiger, M. Hiraoka, and D. T. Delpy, “A finite element approach for modeling photon transport in tissue,” Med. Phys. 20, 299–309 (1993).

[CrossRef]
[PubMed]

J. K. Willmann, N. van Bruggen, L. M. Dinkelborg, and S. S. Gambhir, “Molecular imaging in drug development,” Nat. Rev. Drug Discov. 7, 591–607 (2008).

[CrossRef]
[PubMed]

Y. Lu, A. Douraghy, H. B. Machado, D. Stout, J. Tian, H. Herschman, and A. F. Chatziioannou, “Spectrally-resolved bioluminescence tomography with the third-order simplified spherical harmonics approximation. Physics in Medicine and Biology,” 59, 6477–6493 (2009).

Y. Lu, X. Zhang, A. Douraghy, D. Stout, J. Tian, T. F. Chan, and A. F. Chatziioannou, “Source Reconstruction for spectrally-resolved bioluminescence tomography with sparse a priori information,” Opt. Express 17, 8062–8080 (2009), http://www.opticsinfobase.org/oe/abstract.cfm?URI=oe-17-10-8062.

[CrossRef]
[PubMed]

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J. Feng, K. Jia, C. Qin, G. Yan, S. Zhu, X. Zhang, J. Liu, and J. Tian, “Three-dimensional Bioluminescence Tomography based on Bayesian Approach,” Opt. Express 17, 16834–16848 (2009), http://www.opticsinfobase.org/oe/abstract.cfm?URI=oe-17-19-16834.

[CrossRef]
[PubMed]

C. Qin, J. Tian, X. Yang, J. Feng, K. Liu, J. Liu, G. Yan, S. Zhu, and M. Xu, “Adaptive improved element free Galerkin method for quasi or multi spectral bioluminescence tomography,” Opt. Express 17, 21925–21934 (2009), http://www.opticsinfobase.org/oe/abstract.cfm?URI=oe-17-24-21925.

[CrossRef]
[PubMed]

J. Feng, K. Jia, G. Yan, S. Zhu, C. Qin, Y. Lv, and J. Tian, “An optimal permissible source region strategy for multispectral bioluminescence tomography,” Opt. Express 16, 15640–15654 (2008), http://www.opticsinfobase.org/oe/abstract.cfm?URI=oe-16-20-15640.

[CrossRef]
[PubMed]

J. K. Willmann, N. van Bruggen, L. M. Dinkelborg, and S. S. Gambhir, “Molecular imaging in drug development,” Nat. Rev. Drug Discov. 7, 591–607 (2008).

[CrossRef]
[PubMed]

M. K. So, C. J. Xu, A. M. Loening, S. S. Gambhir, and J. H. Rao, “Self-illuminating quantum dot conjugates for in vivo imaging,” Nature Biotechnol. 24, 339–343 (2006).

[CrossRef]

D. Qin, H. Zhao, Y. Tanikawa, and F. Gao, “Experimental determination of optical properties in turbid medium by TCSPC technique,” Proc. SPIE 6434, 64342E (2007).

[CrossRef]

X. L. Cheng, R. F. Gong, and W. M. Han, “Numerical approximation of bioluminescence tomography based on a new formulation,” Journal of Engineering Mathematics 63, 121–133 (2009).

[CrossRef]

W. Gong, R. Li, N. N. Yan, and W.B. Zhao, “An improved error analysis for finite element approximation of bioluminescence tomography,” Journal of Computational Mathematics 26, 297–309 (2008).

J. J. Duderstadt and L. J. Hamilton, Nuclear Reactor analysis (Wiley, New York, 1976).

B. Zhang, J. Tian, D. Liu, L. Sun, X. Yang, and D. Han, “A multithread based new sparse matrix method in bioluminescence tomography”, presented at Conference 7626 of SPIE on Medical Imaging, San Diego, USA, 13–18 February 2010.

X. L. Cheng, R. F. Gong, and W. M. Han, “Numerical approximation of bioluminescence tomography based on a new formulation,” Journal of Engineering Mathematics 63, 121–133 (2009).

[CrossRef]

W. M. Han, W. X. Cong, and G. Wang, “Mathematical theory and numerical analysis of bioluminescence tomography,” Inverse Problems 22, 1659–1675 (2006).

[CrossRef]

Y. Lu, A. Douraghy, H. B. Machado, D. Stout, J. Tian, H. Herschman, and A. F. Chatziioannou, “Spectrally-resolved bioluminescence tomography with the third-order simplified spherical harmonics approximation. Physics in Medicine and Biology,” 59, 6477–6493 (2009).

M. Schweiger, S. R. Arridge, M. Hiraoka, and D. T. Delpy, “The finite element method for the propagation of light in scattering media: Boundary and source conditions,” Med. Phys. 22, 1779–1792 (1995).

[CrossRef]
[PubMed]

S. R. Arridge, M. Schweiger, M. Hiraoka, and D. T. Delpy, “A finite element approach for modeling photon transport in tissue,” Med. Phys. 20, 299–309 (1993).

[CrossRef]
[PubMed]

H. Li, J. Tian, F. Zhu, W. Cong, L. V. Wang, E. A. Hoffman, and G. Wang, “A mouse optical simulation enviroment (MOSE) to investigate bioluminescent phenomena in the living mouse with the Monte Carlo Method,” Acad. Radiol. 11, 1029–1038 (2004).

[CrossRef]
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[CrossRef]

J. Feng, K. Jia, C. Qin, G. Yan, S. Zhu, X. Zhang, J. Liu, and J. Tian, “Three-dimensional Bioluminescence Tomography based on Bayesian Approach,” Opt. Express 17, 16834–16848 (2009), http://www.opticsinfobase.org/oe/abstract.cfm?URI=oe-17-19-16834.

[CrossRef]
[PubMed]

J. Feng, K. Jia, G. Yan, S. Zhu, C. Qin, Y. Lv, and J. Tian, “An optimal permissible source region strategy for multispectral bioluminescence tomography,” Opt. Express 16, 15640–15654 (2008), http://www.opticsinfobase.org/oe/abstract.cfm?URI=oe-16-20-15640.

[CrossRef]
[PubMed]

W. Cong, D. Kumar, Y. Liu, A. Cong, and G. Wang, “A practical method to determine the light source distribution in bioluminescent imaging,” Proc. SPIE 5535, 679–686 (2004).

[CrossRef]

K. Levenberg, “A method for the solution of certain nonlinear problems,” Quart. Appl. Math. 2, 164–168 (1944).

Y. Lv, J. Tian, H. Li, W. Cong, G. Wang, W. Yang, C. Qin, and M. Xu, “Spectrally resolved bioluminescence tomography with adaptive finite element: methodology and simulation,” Phys. Med. Biol. 52, 1–16 (2007).

[CrossRef]

Y. Lv, J. Tian, W. Cong, G. Wang, J. Luo, W. Yang, and H. Li, “A multilevel adaptive finite element algorithm for bioluminescence tomography,” Opt. Express 14, 8211–8223 (2006), http://www.opticsinfobase.org/abstract.cfm?URI=oe-14-18-8211.

[CrossRef]
[PubMed]

H. Li, J. Tian, F. Zhu, W. Cong, L. V. Wang, E. A. Hoffman, and G. Wang, “A mouse optical simulation enviroment (MOSE) to investigate bioluminescent phenomena in the living mouse with the Monte Carlo Method,” Acad. Radiol. 11, 1029–1038 (2004).

[CrossRef]
[PubMed]

W. Gong, R. Li, N. N. Yan, and W.B. Zhao, “An improved error analysis for finite element approximation of bioluminescence tomography,” Journal of Computational Mathematics 26, 297–309 (2008).

J. Tian, J. Bai, X.-P. Yan, S. Bao, Y. Li, W. Liang, and X. Yang, “Multimodality molecular imaging,” IEEE Eng. Med. Bio. Mag. 27, 48–57 (2008).

[CrossRef]

J. Tian, J. Bai, X.-P. Yan, S. Bao, Y. Li, W. Liang, and X. Yang, “Multimodality molecular imaging,” IEEE Eng. Med. Bio. Mag. 27, 48–57 (2008).

[CrossRef]

B. Zhang, J. Tian, D. Liu, L. Sun, X. Yang, and D. Han, “A multithread based new sparse matrix method in bioluminescence tomography”, presented at Conference 7626 of SPIE on Medical Imaging, San Diego, USA, 13–18 February 2010.

J. Feng, K. Jia, C. Qin, G. Yan, S. Zhu, X. Zhang, J. Liu, and J. Tian, “Three-dimensional Bioluminescence Tomography based on Bayesian Approach,” Opt. Express 17, 16834–16848 (2009), http://www.opticsinfobase.org/oe/abstract.cfm?URI=oe-17-19-16834.

[CrossRef]
[PubMed]

C. Qin, J. Tian, X. Yang, J. Feng, K. Liu, J. Liu, G. Yan, S. Zhu, and M. Xu, “Adaptive improved element free Galerkin method for quasi or multi spectral bioluminescence tomography,” Opt. Express 17, 21925–21934 (2009), http://www.opticsinfobase.org/oe/abstract.cfm?URI=oe-17-24-21925.

[CrossRef]
[PubMed]

C. Qin, J. Tian, X. Yang, J. Feng, K. Liu, J. Liu, G. Yan, S. Zhu, and M. Xu, “Adaptive improved element free Galerkin method for quasi or multi spectral bioluminescence tomography,” Opt. Express 17, 21925–21934 (2009), http://www.opticsinfobase.org/oe/abstract.cfm?URI=oe-17-24-21925.

[CrossRef]
[PubMed]

W. Cong, D. Kumar, Y. Liu, A. Cong, and G. Wang, “A practical method to determine the light source distribution in bioluminescent imaging,” Proc. SPIE 5535, 679–686 (2004).

[CrossRef]

M. K. So, C. J. Xu, A. M. Loening, S. S. Gambhir, and J. H. Rao, “Self-illuminating quantum dot conjugates for in vivo imaging,” Nature Biotechnol. 24, 339–343 (2006).

[CrossRef]

Y. Lu, A. Douraghy, H. B. Machado, D. Stout, J. Tian, H. Herschman, and A. F. Chatziioannou, “Spectrally-resolved bioluminescence tomography with the third-order simplified spherical harmonics approximation. Physics in Medicine and Biology,” 59, 6477–6493 (2009).

Y. Lu, X. Zhang, A. Douraghy, D. Stout, J. Tian, T. F. Chan, and A. F. Chatziioannou, “Source Reconstruction for spectrally-resolved bioluminescence tomography with sparse a priori information,” Opt. Express 17, 8062–8080 (2009), http://www.opticsinfobase.org/oe/abstract.cfm?URI=oe-17-10-8062.

[CrossRef]
[PubMed]

Y. Lv, J. Tian, W. Cong, G. Wang, J. Luo, W. Yang, and H. Li, “A multilevel adaptive finite element algorithm for bioluminescence tomography,” Opt. Express 14, 8211–8223 (2006), http://www.opticsinfobase.org/abstract.cfm?URI=oe-14-18-8211.

[CrossRef]
[PubMed]

J. Feng, K. Jia, G. Yan, S. Zhu, C. Qin, Y. Lv, and J. Tian, “An optimal permissible source region strategy for multispectral bioluminescence tomography,” Opt. Express 16, 15640–15654 (2008), http://www.opticsinfobase.org/oe/abstract.cfm?URI=oe-16-20-15640.

[CrossRef]
[PubMed]

Y. Lv, J. Tian, H. Li, W. Cong, G. Wang, W. Yang, C. Qin, and M. Xu, “Spectrally resolved bioluminescence tomography with adaptive finite element: methodology and simulation,” Phys. Med. Biol. 52, 1–16 (2007).

[CrossRef]

Y. Lv, J. Tian, W. Cong, G. Wang, J. Luo, W. Yang, and H. Li, “A multilevel adaptive finite element algorithm for bioluminescence tomography,” Opt. Express 14, 8211–8223 (2006), http://www.opticsinfobase.org/abstract.cfm?URI=oe-14-18-8211.

[CrossRef]
[PubMed]

Y. Lu, A. Douraghy, H. B. Machado, D. Stout, J. Tian, H. Herschman, and A. F. Chatziioannou, “Spectrally-resolved bioluminescence tomography with the third-order simplified spherical harmonics approximation. Physics in Medicine and Biology,” 59, 6477–6493 (2009).

D. W. Marquardt, “An algorithm for least-squares estimation of nonlinear parameters,” SIAM J. Appl. Math. 11, 431–441 (1963).

[CrossRef]

V. Ntziachristos, J. Ripoll, L. H. V. Wang, and R. Weissleder, “Looking and listening to light: the evolution of whole-body photonic imaging,” Nature Biotechnol. 23, 313–320 (2005).

[CrossRef]

R. Schultz, J. Ripoll, and V. Ntziachristos, “Experimental fluorescence tomography of tissues with noncontact measurements,” IEEE Trans. Med. Imag. 23, 492–500 (2004).

[CrossRef]

R. Weissleder and V. Ntziachristos, “Shedding light onto live molecular targets,” Nature Medicine 9, 123–128 (2003).

[CrossRef]
[PubMed]

V. Ntziachristos, C. Tung, C. Bremer, and R. Weissleder, “Fluorescence molecular tomography resolves protease activity in vivo,” Nat. Med. 8, 757–760 (2002).

[CrossRef]
[PubMed]

R. Weissleder and M. J. Pittet, “Imaging in the era of molecular oncology,” Nature 452, 580–589 (2008).

[CrossRef]
[PubMed]

H. Dehghani, S. C. Davis, and B. W. Pogue, “Spectrally resolved bioluminescence tomography using the reciprocity approach,” Medical Physics 35, 4863–4871 (2008).

[CrossRef]
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[CrossRef]

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[CrossRef]

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[CrossRef]

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[CrossRef]

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[CrossRef]

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[CrossRef]

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[CrossRef]
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[CrossRef]
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[CrossRef]

Y. Lv, J. Tian, H. Li, W. Cong, G. Wang, W. Yang, C. Qin, and M. Xu, “Spectrally resolved bioluminescence tomography with adaptive finite element: methodology and simulation,” Phys. Med. Biol. 52, 1–16 (2007).

[CrossRef]

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Y. Lu, X. Zhang, A. Douraghy, D. Stout, J. Tian, T. F. Chan, and A. F. Chatziioannou, “Source Reconstruction for spectrally-resolved bioluminescence tomography with sparse a priori information,” Opt. Express 17, 8062–8080 (2009), http://www.opticsinfobase.org/oe/abstract.cfm?URI=oe-17-10-8062.

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J. Feng, K. Jia, C. Qin, G. Yan, S. Zhu, X. Zhang, J. Liu, and J. Tian, “Three-dimensional Bioluminescence Tomography based on Bayesian Approach,” Opt. Express 17, 16834–16848 (2009), http://www.opticsinfobase.org/oe/abstract.cfm?URI=oe-17-19-16834.

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[CrossRef]

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[CrossRef]

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[CrossRef]

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[CrossRef]

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[CrossRef]

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[CrossRef]
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[CrossRef]
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