Abstract

The absorption, excitation, and ultrabroadband near-infrared luminescence spectra of Bismuth were investigated in H2-annealed and γ-irradiated Bi:α-BaB2O4(α-BBO) single crystals, respectively. Energy-level diagrams of the near-infrared luminescent centers were fixed. The electronic transition energies of near-infrared active centers are basically consistent with the multiplets of free Bi+ ions. The minor difference of the energy-level diagrams of Bi+ ions in H2-annealed and γ-irradiated Bi:α-BaB2O4 crystals can be ascribed to the difference of the local lattice environments. The involved physical and chemical processes were discussed. The effect of Ar-, air-annealing and electron-irradiation on Bi:α-BaB2O4 crystal were also investigated.

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2009 (7)

V. O. Sokolov, V. G. Plotnichenko, and E. M. Dianov, “Centers of broadband near-IR luminescence in bismuth-doped glasses,” J. Phys. D Appl. Phys. 42(9), 095410 (2009).
[CrossRef]

J. Ruan, L. B. Su, J. R. Qiu, D. P. Chen, and J. Xu, “Bi-doped BaF2 crystal for broadband near-infrared light source,” Opt. Express 17(7), 5163–5169 (2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

H. T. Sun, T. Hasegawa, M. Fujii, F. Shimaoka, Z. H. Bai, M. Mizuhata, S. Hayashi, and S. Deki, “Significantly enhanced superbroadband near infrared emission in bismuth/aluminum doped high-silica zeolite derived nanoparticles,” Opt. Express 17(8), 6239–6244 (2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

H. T. Sun, Y. Miwa, F. Shimaoka, M. Fujii, A. Hosokawa, M. Mizuhata, S. Hayashi, and S. Deki, “Superbroadband near-IR nano-optical source based on bismuth-doped high-silica nanocrystalline zeolites,” Opt. Lett. 34(8), 1219–1221 (2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

E. F. Kustov, L. I. Bulatov, V. V. Dvoyrin, and V. M. Mashinsky, “Molecular orbital model of optical centers in Bismuth-doped glasses,” Opt. Lett. 34(10), 1549–1551 (2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

L. B. Su, P. Zhou, J. Yu, H. J. Li, L. H. Zheng, F. Wu, Y. Yang, Q. H. Yang, and J. Xu, “Spectroscopic properties and near-infrared broadband luminescence of Bi-doped SrB4O7 glasses and crystalline materials,” Opt. Express 17(16), 13554–13560 (2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

L. B. Su, J. Yu, P. Zhou, H. J. Li, L. H. Zheng, Y. Yang, F. Wu, H. P. Xia, and J. Xu, “Broadband near-infrared luminescence in γ-irradiated Bi-doped alpha-BaB2O4 single crystals,” Opt. Lett. 34(16), 2504–2506 (2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

2008 (5)

V. O. Sokolov, V. G. Plotnichenko, and E. M. Dianov, “Origin of broadband near-infrared luminescence in bismuth-doped glasses,” Opt. Lett. 33(13), 1488–1490 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

M. Yu. Sharonov, A. B. Bykov, V. Petricevic, and R. R. Alfano, “Spectroscopic study of optical centers formed in Bi-, Pb-, Sb-, Sn-, Te-, and In-doped germanate glasses,” Opt. Lett. 33(18), 2131–2133 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

A. G. Okhrimchuk, L. N. Butvina, E. M. Dianov, N. V. Lichkova, V. N. Zagorodnev, and K. N. Boldyrev, “Near-infrared luminescence of RbPb2Cl5:Bi crystals,” Opt. Lett. 33(19), 2182–2184 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

V. G. Truong, L. Bigot, A. Lerouge, M. Douay, and I. Razdobreev, “Study of thermal stability and luminescence quenching properties of Bismuth-doped silicate glasses for fiber laser applications,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 92(4), 041908 (2008).
[CrossRef]

S. F. Zhou, N. Jiang, B. Zhu, H. C. Yang, S. Ye, G. Lakshminarayana, J. H. Hao, and J. R. Qiu, “Multifunctional Bismuth-doped nanoporous silica glass: from blue-green, orange, red, and white light sources to ultra-broadband infrared amplifiers,” Adv. Funct. Mater. 18(9), 1407–1413 (2008).
[CrossRef]

2007 (3)

Y. Arai, T. Suzuki, Y. Ohishi, S. Morimoto, and S. Khonthon, “Ultrabroadband near-infrared emission from a colorless Bismuth-doped glass,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 90(26), 261110 (2007).
[CrossRef]

J. Ren, J. Qiu, D. Chen, C. Wang, X. Jiang, and C. Zhu, “Infrared luminescence properties of bismuth-doped barium silicate glasses,” J. Mater. Res. 22(7), 1954–1958 (2007).
[CrossRef]

I. Razdobreev, L. Bigot, V. Pureur, A. Favre, G. Bouwmans, and M. Douay, “Efficient all-fiber Bismuth-doped laser,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 90(3), 031103 (2007).
[CrossRef]

2006 (1)

H. P. Xia and X. J. Wang, “Near infrared broadband emission from Bi5+-doped Al2O3–GeO2–X (X=Na2O, BaO, Y2O3) glasses,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 89(5), 051917 (2006).
[CrossRef]

2005 (4)

E. M. Dianov, V. V. Dvoyrin, V. M. Mashinsky, A. A. Umnikov, M. V. Yashkov, and A. N. Gur'yanov, “CW bismuth fibre laser,” Quantum Electron. 35(12), 1083–1084 (2005).
[CrossRef]

J. E. Sansonetti and W. C. Martin, “Handbook of Basic Atomic Spectroscopic Data,” J. Phys. Chem. Ref. Data 34(4), 1559–2257 (2005).
[CrossRef]

X. G. Meng, J. R. Qiu, M. Y. Peng, D. P. Chen, Q. Z. Zhao, X. W. Jiang, and C. S. Zhu, “Near infrared broadband emission of Bismuth-doped aluminophosphate glass,” Opt. Express 13(5), 1628–1634 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

M. Peng, J. Qiu, D. Chen, X. Meng, and C. Zhu, “Superbroadband 1310 nm emission from Bismuth and Tantalum codoped germanium oxide glasses,” Opt. Lett. 30(18), 2433–2435 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

2003 (2)

A. A. Kaminskii, “Modern developments in the physics of crystalline laser materials,” Phys. Status Solidi 200(2), 215–296 (2003) (a).
[CrossRef]

U. Keller, “Recent developments in compact ultrafast lasers,” Nature 424(6950), 831–838 (2003).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

2002 (1)

T. Udem, R. Holzwarth, and T. W. Hänsch, “Optical frequency metrology,” Nature 416(6877), 233–237 (2002).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

2001 (3)

G. G. Paulus, F. Grasbon, H. Walther, P. Villoresi, M. Nisoli, S. Stagira, E. Priori, and S. De Silvestri, “Absolute-phase phenomena in photoionization with few-cycle laser pulses,” Nature 414(6860), 182–184 (2001).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

A. Rousse, C. Rischel, S. Fourmaux, I. Uschmann, S. Sebban, G. Grillon, Ph. Balcou, E. Förster, J. P. Geindre, P. Audebert, J. C. Gauthier, and D. Hulin, “Non-thermal melting in semiconductors measured at femtosecond resolution,” Nature 410(6824), 65–68 (2001).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Y. Fujimoto and M. Nakatsuka, “Infrared luminescence from bismuth-doped silica glass,” Jpn. J. Appl. Phys. 40(Part 2, No. 3B), 279–281 (2001).
[CrossRef]

1989 (1)

M. Fockele, F. Lohse, J.-M. Spaeth, and R. H. Barturam, “Identification and optical properties of axial lead centres in alkaline-earth fluorides,” J. Phys. Condens. Matter 1(1), 13–26 (1989).
[CrossRef]

1983 (1)

L. F. Mollenauer, N. D. Vieira, and L. Szeto, “Optical properties of the Tl0(1) center in KCl,” Phys. Rev. B 27(9), 5332–5346 (1983).
[CrossRef]

1982 (1)

Alfano, R. R.

Arai, Y.

Y. Arai, T. Suzuki, Y. Ohishi, S. Morimoto, and S. Khonthon, “Ultrabroadband near-infrared emission from a colorless Bismuth-doped glass,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 90(26), 261110 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Audebert, P.

A. Rousse, C. Rischel, S. Fourmaux, I. Uschmann, S. Sebban, G. Grillon, Ph. Balcou, E. Förster, J. P. Geindre, P. Audebert, J. C. Gauthier, and D. Hulin, “Non-thermal melting in semiconductors measured at femtosecond resolution,” Nature 410(6824), 65–68 (2001).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Bai, Z. H.

Balcou, Ph.

A. Rousse, C. Rischel, S. Fourmaux, I. Uschmann, S. Sebban, G. Grillon, Ph. Balcou, E. Förster, J. P. Geindre, P. Audebert, J. C. Gauthier, and D. Hulin, “Non-thermal melting in semiconductors measured at femtosecond resolution,” Nature 410(6824), 65–68 (2001).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Barturam, R. H.

M. Fockele, F. Lohse, J.-M. Spaeth, and R. H. Barturam, “Identification and optical properties of axial lead centres in alkaline-earth fluorides,” J. Phys. Condens. Matter 1(1), 13–26 (1989).
[CrossRef]

Bigot, L.

V. G. Truong, L. Bigot, A. Lerouge, M. Douay, and I. Razdobreev, “Study of thermal stability and luminescence quenching properties of Bismuth-doped silicate glasses for fiber laser applications,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 92(4), 041908 (2008).
[CrossRef]

I. Razdobreev, L. Bigot, V. Pureur, A. Favre, G. Bouwmans, and M. Douay, “Efficient all-fiber Bismuth-doped laser,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 90(3), 031103 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Boldyrev, K. N.

Bouwmans, G.

I. Razdobreev, L. Bigot, V. Pureur, A. Favre, G. Bouwmans, and M. Douay, “Efficient all-fiber Bismuth-doped laser,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 90(3), 031103 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Bulatov, L. I.

Butvina, L. N.

Bykov, A. B.

Chen, D.

J. Ren, J. Qiu, D. Chen, C. Wang, X. Jiang, and C. Zhu, “Infrared luminescence properties of bismuth-doped barium silicate glasses,” J. Mater. Res. 22(7), 1954–1958 (2007).
[CrossRef]

M. Peng, J. Qiu, D. Chen, X. Meng, and C. Zhu, “Superbroadband 1310 nm emission from Bismuth and Tantalum codoped germanium oxide glasses,” Opt. Lett. 30(18), 2433–2435 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Chen, D. P.

De Silvestri, S.

G. G. Paulus, F. Grasbon, H. Walther, P. Villoresi, M. Nisoli, S. Stagira, E. Priori, and S. De Silvestri, “Absolute-phase phenomena in photoionization with few-cycle laser pulses,” Nature 414(6860), 182–184 (2001).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Deki, S.

Dianov, E. M.

V. O. Sokolov, V. G. Plotnichenko, and E. M. Dianov, “Centers of broadband near-IR luminescence in bismuth-doped glasses,” J. Phys. D Appl. Phys. 42(9), 095410 (2009).
[CrossRef]

V. O. Sokolov, V. G. Plotnichenko, and E. M. Dianov, “Origin of broadband near-infrared luminescence in bismuth-doped glasses,” Opt. Lett. 33(13), 1488–1490 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

A. G. Okhrimchuk, L. N. Butvina, E. M. Dianov, N. V. Lichkova, V. N. Zagorodnev, and K. N. Boldyrev, “Near-infrared luminescence of RbPb2Cl5:Bi crystals,” Opt. Lett. 33(19), 2182–2184 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

E. M. Dianov, V. V. Dvoyrin, V. M. Mashinsky, A. A. Umnikov, M. V. Yashkov, and A. N. Gur'yanov, “CW bismuth fibre laser,” Quantum Electron. 35(12), 1083–1084 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Douay, M.

V. G. Truong, L. Bigot, A. Lerouge, M. Douay, and I. Razdobreev, “Study of thermal stability and luminescence quenching properties of Bismuth-doped silicate glasses for fiber laser applications,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 92(4), 041908 (2008).
[CrossRef]

I. Razdobreev, L. Bigot, V. Pureur, A. Favre, G. Bouwmans, and M. Douay, “Efficient all-fiber Bismuth-doped laser,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 90(3), 031103 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Dvoyrin, V. V.

E. F. Kustov, L. I. Bulatov, V. V. Dvoyrin, and V. M. Mashinsky, “Molecular orbital model of optical centers in Bismuth-doped glasses,” Opt. Lett. 34(10), 1549–1551 (2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

E. M. Dianov, V. V. Dvoyrin, V. M. Mashinsky, A. A. Umnikov, M. V. Yashkov, and A. N. Gur'yanov, “CW bismuth fibre laser,” Quantum Electron. 35(12), 1083–1084 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Favre, A.

I. Razdobreev, L. Bigot, V. Pureur, A. Favre, G. Bouwmans, and M. Douay, “Efficient all-fiber Bismuth-doped laser,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 90(3), 031103 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Fockele, M.

M. Fockele, F. Lohse, J.-M. Spaeth, and R. H. Barturam, “Identification and optical properties of axial lead centres in alkaline-earth fluorides,” J. Phys. Condens. Matter 1(1), 13–26 (1989).
[CrossRef]

Förster, E.

A. Rousse, C. Rischel, S. Fourmaux, I. Uschmann, S. Sebban, G. Grillon, Ph. Balcou, E. Förster, J. P. Geindre, P. Audebert, J. C. Gauthier, and D. Hulin, “Non-thermal melting in semiconductors measured at femtosecond resolution,” Nature 410(6824), 65–68 (2001).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Fourmaux, S.

A. Rousse, C. Rischel, S. Fourmaux, I. Uschmann, S. Sebban, G. Grillon, Ph. Balcou, E. Förster, J. P. Geindre, P. Audebert, J. C. Gauthier, and D. Hulin, “Non-thermal melting in semiconductors measured at femtosecond resolution,” Nature 410(6824), 65–68 (2001).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Fujii, M.

Fujimoto, Y.

Y. Fujimoto and M. Nakatsuka, “Infrared luminescence from bismuth-doped silica glass,” Jpn. J. Appl. Phys. 40(Part 2, No. 3B), 279–281 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Gauthier, J. C.

A. Rousse, C. Rischel, S. Fourmaux, I. Uschmann, S. Sebban, G. Grillon, Ph. Balcou, E. Förster, J. P. Geindre, P. Audebert, J. C. Gauthier, and D. Hulin, “Non-thermal melting in semiconductors measured at femtosecond resolution,” Nature 410(6824), 65–68 (2001).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Geindre, J. P.

A. Rousse, C. Rischel, S. Fourmaux, I. Uschmann, S. Sebban, G. Grillon, Ph. Balcou, E. Förster, J. P. Geindre, P. Audebert, J. C. Gauthier, and D. Hulin, “Non-thermal melting in semiconductors measured at femtosecond resolution,” Nature 410(6824), 65–68 (2001).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Grasbon, F.

G. G. Paulus, F. Grasbon, H. Walther, P. Villoresi, M. Nisoli, S. Stagira, E. Priori, and S. De Silvestri, “Absolute-phase phenomena in photoionization with few-cycle laser pulses,” Nature 414(6860), 182–184 (2001).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Grillon, G.

A. Rousse, C. Rischel, S. Fourmaux, I. Uschmann, S. Sebban, G. Grillon, Ph. Balcou, E. Förster, J. P. Geindre, P. Audebert, J. C. Gauthier, and D. Hulin, “Non-thermal melting in semiconductors measured at femtosecond resolution,” Nature 410(6824), 65–68 (2001).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Gur'yanov, A. N.

E. M. Dianov, V. V. Dvoyrin, V. M. Mashinsky, A. A. Umnikov, M. V. Yashkov, and A. N. Gur'yanov, “CW bismuth fibre laser,” Quantum Electron. 35(12), 1083–1084 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Hänsch, T. W.

T. Udem, R. Holzwarth, and T. W. Hänsch, “Optical frequency metrology,” Nature 416(6877), 233–237 (2002).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Hao, J. H.

S. F. Zhou, N. Jiang, B. Zhu, H. C. Yang, S. Ye, G. Lakshminarayana, J. H. Hao, and J. R. Qiu, “Multifunctional Bismuth-doped nanoporous silica glass: from blue-green, orange, red, and white light sources to ultra-broadband infrared amplifiers,” Adv. Funct. Mater. 18(9), 1407–1413 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Hasegawa, T.

Hayashi, S.

Holzwarth, R.

T. Udem, R. Holzwarth, and T. W. Hänsch, “Optical frequency metrology,” Nature 416(6877), 233–237 (2002).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Hosokawa, A.

Hulin, D.

A. Rousse, C. Rischel, S. Fourmaux, I. Uschmann, S. Sebban, G. Grillon, Ph. Balcou, E. Förster, J. P. Geindre, P. Audebert, J. C. Gauthier, and D. Hulin, “Non-thermal melting in semiconductors measured at femtosecond resolution,” Nature 410(6824), 65–68 (2001).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Jiang, N.

S. F. Zhou, N. Jiang, B. Zhu, H. C. Yang, S. Ye, G. Lakshminarayana, J. H. Hao, and J. R. Qiu, “Multifunctional Bismuth-doped nanoporous silica glass: from blue-green, orange, red, and white light sources to ultra-broadband infrared amplifiers,” Adv. Funct. Mater. 18(9), 1407–1413 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Jiang, X.

J. Ren, J. Qiu, D. Chen, C. Wang, X. Jiang, and C. Zhu, “Infrared luminescence properties of bismuth-doped barium silicate glasses,” J. Mater. Res. 22(7), 1954–1958 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Jiang, X. W.

Kaminskii, A. A.

A. A. Kaminskii, “Modern developments in the physics of crystalline laser materials,” Phys. Status Solidi 200(2), 215–296 (2003) (a).
[CrossRef]

Keller, U.

U. Keller, “Recent developments in compact ultrafast lasers,” Nature 424(6950), 831–838 (2003).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Khonthon, S.

Y. Arai, T. Suzuki, Y. Ohishi, S. Morimoto, and S. Khonthon, “Ultrabroadband near-infrared emission from a colorless Bismuth-doped glass,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 90(26), 261110 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Kustov, E. F.

Lakshminarayana, G.

S. F. Zhou, N. Jiang, B. Zhu, H. C. Yang, S. Ye, G. Lakshminarayana, J. H. Hao, and J. R. Qiu, “Multifunctional Bismuth-doped nanoporous silica glass: from blue-green, orange, red, and white light sources to ultra-broadband infrared amplifiers,” Adv. Funct. Mater. 18(9), 1407–1413 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Lerouge, A.

V. G. Truong, L. Bigot, A. Lerouge, M. Douay, and I. Razdobreev, “Study of thermal stability and luminescence quenching properties of Bismuth-doped silicate glasses for fiber laser applications,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 92(4), 041908 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Li, H. J.

Lichkova, N. V.

Lohse, F.

M. Fockele, F. Lohse, J.-M. Spaeth, and R. H. Barturam, “Identification and optical properties of axial lead centres in alkaline-earth fluorides,” J. Phys. Condens. Matter 1(1), 13–26 (1989).
[CrossRef]

Martin, W. C.

J. E. Sansonetti and W. C. Martin, “Handbook of Basic Atomic Spectroscopic Data,” J. Phys. Chem. Ref. Data 34(4), 1559–2257 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Mashinsky, V. M.

E. F. Kustov, L. I. Bulatov, V. V. Dvoyrin, and V. M. Mashinsky, “Molecular orbital model of optical centers in Bismuth-doped glasses,” Opt. Lett. 34(10), 1549–1551 (2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

E. M. Dianov, V. V. Dvoyrin, V. M. Mashinsky, A. A. Umnikov, M. V. Yashkov, and A. N. Gur'yanov, “CW bismuth fibre laser,” Quantum Electron. 35(12), 1083–1084 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Meng, X.

Meng, X. G.

Miwa, Y.

Mizuhata, M.

Mollenauer, L. F.

L. F. Mollenauer, N. D. Vieira, and L. Szeto, “Optical properties of the Tl0(1) center in KCl,” Phys. Rev. B 27(9), 5332–5346 (1983).
[CrossRef]

L. F. Mollenauer, N. D. Vieira, and L. Szeto, “Mode locking by synchronous pumping using a gain medium with microsecond decay times,” Opt. Lett. 7(9), 414–416 (1982).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Morimoto, S.

Y. Arai, T. Suzuki, Y. Ohishi, S. Morimoto, and S. Khonthon, “Ultrabroadband near-infrared emission from a colorless Bismuth-doped glass,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 90(26), 261110 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Nakatsuka, M.

Y. Fujimoto and M. Nakatsuka, “Infrared luminescence from bismuth-doped silica glass,” Jpn. J. Appl. Phys. 40(Part 2, No. 3B), 279–281 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Nisoli, M.

G. G. Paulus, F. Grasbon, H. Walther, P. Villoresi, M. Nisoli, S. Stagira, E. Priori, and S. De Silvestri, “Absolute-phase phenomena in photoionization with few-cycle laser pulses,” Nature 414(6860), 182–184 (2001).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Ohishi, Y.

Y. Arai, T. Suzuki, Y. Ohishi, S. Morimoto, and S. Khonthon, “Ultrabroadband near-infrared emission from a colorless Bismuth-doped glass,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 90(26), 261110 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Okhrimchuk, A. G.

Paulus, G. G.

G. G. Paulus, F. Grasbon, H. Walther, P. Villoresi, M. Nisoli, S. Stagira, E. Priori, and S. De Silvestri, “Absolute-phase phenomena in photoionization with few-cycle laser pulses,” Nature 414(6860), 182–184 (2001).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Peng, M.

Peng, M. Y.

Petricevic, V.

Plotnichenko, V. G.

V. O. Sokolov, V. G. Plotnichenko, and E. M. Dianov, “Centers of broadband near-IR luminescence in bismuth-doped glasses,” J. Phys. D Appl. Phys. 42(9), 095410 (2009).
[CrossRef]

V. O. Sokolov, V. G. Plotnichenko, and E. M. Dianov, “Origin of broadband near-infrared luminescence in bismuth-doped glasses,” Opt. Lett. 33(13), 1488–1490 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Priori, E.

G. G. Paulus, F. Grasbon, H. Walther, P. Villoresi, M. Nisoli, S. Stagira, E. Priori, and S. De Silvestri, “Absolute-phase phenomena in photoionization with few-cycle laser pulses,” Nature 414(6860), 182–184 (2001).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Pureur, V.

I. Razdobreev, L. Bigot, V. Pureur, A. Favre, G. Bouwmans, and M. Douay, “Efficient all-fiber Bismuth-doped laser,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 90(3), 031103 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Qiu, J.

J. Ren, J. Qiu, D. Chen, C. Wang, X. Jiang, and C. Zhu, “Infrared luminescence properties of bismuth-doped barium silicate glasses,” J. Mater. Res. 22(7), 1954–1958 (2007).
[CrossRef]

M. Peng, J. Qiu, D. Chen, X. Meng, and C. Zhu, “Superbroadband 1310 nm emission from Bismuth and Tantalum codoped germanium oxide glasses,” Opt. Lett. 30(18), 2433–2435 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Qiu, J. R.

J. Ruan, L. B. Su, J. R. Qiu, D. P. Chen, and J. Xu, “Bi-doped BaF2 crystal for broadband near-infrared light source,” Opt. Express 17(7), 5163–5169 (2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

S. F. Zhou, N. Jiang, B. Zhu, H. C. Yang, S. Ye, G. Lakshminarayana, J. H. Hao, and J. R. Qiu, “Multifunctional Bismuth-doped nanoporous silica glass: from blue-green, orange, red, and white light sources to ultra-broadband infrared amplifiers,” Adv. Funct. Mater. 18(9), 1407–1413 (2008).
[CrossRef]

X. G. Meng, J. R. Qiu, M. Y. Peng, D. P. Chen, Q. Z. Zhao, X. W. Jiang, and C. S. Zhu, “Near infrared broadband emission of Bismuth-doped aluminophosphate glass,” Opt. Express 13(5), 1628–1634 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Razdobreev, I.

V. G. Truong, L. Bigot, A. Lerouge, M. Douay, and I. Razdobreev, “Study of thermal stability and luminescence quenching properties of Bismuth-doped silicate glasses for fiber laser applications,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 92(4), 041908 (2008).
[CrossRef]

I. Razdobreev, L. Bigot, V. Pureur, A. Favre, G. Bouwmans, and M. Douay, “Efficient all-fiber Bismuth-doped laser,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 90(3), 031103 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Ren, J.

J. Ren, J. Qiu, D. Chen, C. Wang, X. Jiang, and C. Zhu, “Infrared luminescence properties of bismuth-doped barium silicate glasses,” J. Mater. Res. 22(7), 1954–1958 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Rischel, C.

A. Rousse, C. Rischel, S. Fourmaux, I. Uschmann, S. Sebban, G. Grillon, Ph. Balcou, E. Förster, J. P. Geindre, P. Audebert, J. C. Gauthier, and D. Hulin, “Non-thermal melting in semiconductors measured at femtosecond resolution,” Nature 410(6824), 65–68 (2001).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Rousse, A.

A. Rousse, C. Rischel, S. Fourmaux, I. Uschmann, S. Sebban, G. Grillon, Ph. Balcou, E. Förster, J. P. Geindre, P. Audebert, J. C. Gauthier, and D. Hulin, “Non-thermal melting in semiconductors measured at femtosecond resolution,” Nature 410(6824), 65–68 (2001).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Ruan, J.

Sansonetti, J. E.

J. E. Sansonetti and W. C. Martin, “Handbook of Basic Atomic Spectroscopic Data,” J. Phys. Chem. Ref. Data 34(4), 1559–2257 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Sebban, S.

A. Rousse, C. Rischel, S. Fourmaux, I. Uschmann, S. Sebban, G. Grillon, Ph. Balcou, E. Förster, J. P. Geindre, P. Audebert, J. C. Gauthier, and D. Hulin, “Non-thermal melting in semiconductors measured at femtosecond resolution,” Nature 410(6824), 65–68 (2001).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Sharonov, M. Yu.

Shimaoka, F.

Sokolov, V. O.

V. O. Sokolov, V. G. Plotnichenko, and E. M. Dianov, “Centers of broadband near-IR luminescence in bismuth-doped glasses,” J. Phys. D Appl. Phys. 42(9), 095410 (2009).
[CrossRef]

V. O. Sokolov, V. G. Plotnichenko, and E. M. Dianov, “Origin of broadband near-infrared luminescence in bismuth-doped glasses,” Opt. Lett. 33(13), 1488–1490 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Spaeth, J.-M.

M. Fockele, F. Lohse, J.-M. Spaeth, and R. H. Barturam, “Identification and optical properties of axial lead centres in alkaline-earth fluorides,” J. Phys. Condens. Matter 1(1), 13–26 (1989).
[CrossRef]

Stagira, S.

G. G. Paulus, F. Grasbon, H. Walther, P. Villoresi, M. Nisoli, S. Stagira, E. Priori, and S. De Silvestri, “Absolute-phase phenomena in photoionization with few-cycle laser pulses,” Nature 414(6860), 182–184 (2001).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Su, L. B.

Sun, H. T.

Suzuki, T.

Y. Arai, T. Suzuki, Y. Ohishi, S. Morimoto, and S. Khonthon, “Ultrabroadband near-infrared emission from a colorless Bismuth-doped glass,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 90(26), 261110 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Szeto, L.

L. F. Mollenauer, N. D. Vieira, and L. Szeto, “Optical properties of the Tl0(1) center in KCl,” Phys. Rev. B 27(9), 5332–5346 (1983).
[CrossRef]

L. F. Mollenauer, N. D. Vieira, and L. Szeto, “Mode locking by synchronous pumping using a gain medium with microsecond decay times,” Opt. Lett. 7(9), 414–416 (1982).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Truong, V. G.

V. G. Truong, L. Bigot, A. Lerouge, M. Douay, and I. Razdobreev, “Study of thermal stability and luminescence quenching properties of Bismuth-doped silicate glasses for fiber laser applications,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 92(4), 041908 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Udem, T.

T. Udem, R. Holzwarth, and T. W. Hänsch, “Optical frequency metrology,” Nature 416(6877), 233–237 (2002).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Umnikov, A. A.

E. M. Dianov, V. V. Dvoyrin, V. M. Mashinsky, A. A. Umnikov, M. V. Yashkov, and A. N. Gur'yanov, “CW bismuth fibre laser,” Quantum Electron. 35(12), 1083–1084 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Uschmann, I.

A. Rousse, C. Rischel, S. Fourmaux, I. Uschmann, S. Sebban, G. Grillon, Ph. Balcou, E. Förster, J. P. Geindre, P. Audebert, J. C. Gauthier, and D. Hulin, “Non-thermal melting in semiconductors measured at femtosecond resolution,” Nature 410(6824), 65–68 (2001).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Vieira, N. D.

L. F. Mollenauer, N. D. Vieira, and L. Szeto, “Optical properties of the Tl0(1) center in KCl,” Phys. Rev. B 27(9), 5332–5346 (1983).
[CrossRef]

L. F. Mollenauer, N. D. Vieira, and L. Szeto, “Mode locking by synchronous pumping using a gain medium with microsecond decay times,” Opt. Lett. 7(9), 414–416 (1982).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Villoresi, P.

G. G. Paulus, F. Grasbon, H. Walther, P. Villoresi, M. Nisoli, S. Stagira, E. Priori, and S. De Silvestri, “Absolute-phase phenomena in photoionization with few-cycle laser pulses,” Nature 414(6860), 182–184 (2001).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Walther, H.

G. G. Paulus, F. Grasbon, H. Walther, P. Villoresi, M. Nisoli, S. Stagira, E. Priori, and S. De Silvestri, “Absolute-phase phenomena in photoionization with few-cycle laser pulses,” Nature 414(6860), 182–184 (2001).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Wang, C.

J. Ren, J. Qiu, D. Chen, C. Wang, X. Jiang, and C. Zhu, “Infrared luminescence properties of bismuth-doped barium silicate glasses,” J. Mater. Res. 22(7), 1954–1958 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Wang, X. J.

H. P. Xia and X. J. Wang, “Near infrared broadband emission from Bi5+-doped Al2O3–GeO2–X (X=Na2O, BaO, Y2O3) glasses,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 89(5), 051917 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Wu, F.

Xia, H. P.

Xu, J.

Yang, H. C.

S. F. Zhou, N. Jiang, B. Zhu, H. C. Yang, S. Ye, G. Lakshminarayana, J. H. Hao, and J. R. Qiu, “Multifunctional Bismuth-doped nanoporous silica glass: from blue-green, orange, red, and white light sources to ultra-broadband infrared amplifiers,” Adv. Funct. Mater. 18(9), 1407–1413 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Yang, Q. H.

Yang, Y.

Yashkov, M. V.

E. M. Dianov, V. V. Dvoyrin, V. M. Mashinsky, A. A. Umnikov, M. V. Yashkov, and A. N. Gur'yanov, “CW bismuth fibre laser,” Quantum Electron. 35(12), 1083–1084 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Ye, S.

S. F. Zhou, N. Jiang, B. Zhu, H. C. Yang, S. Ye, G. Lakshminarayana, J. H. Hao, and J. R. Qiu, “Multifunctional Bismuth-doped nanoporous silica glass: from blue-green, orange, red, and white light sources to ultra-broadband infrared amplifiers,” Adv. Funct. Mater. 18(9), 1407–1413 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Yu, J.

Zagorodnev, V. N.

Zhao, Q. Z.

Zheng, L. H.

Zhou, P.

Zhou, S. F.

S. F. Zhou, N. Jiang, B. Zhu, H. C. Yang, S. Ye, G. Lakshminarayana, J. H. Hao, and J. R. Qiu, “Multifunctional Bismuth-doped nanoporous silica glass: from blue-green, orange, red, and white light sources to ultra-broadband infrared amplifiers,” Adv. Funct. Mater. 18(9), 1407–1413 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Zhu, B.

S. F. Zhou, N. Jiang, B. Zhu, H. C. Yang, S. Ye, G. Lakshminarayana, J. H. Hao, and J. R. Qiu, “Multifunctional Bismuth-doped nanoporous silica glass: from blue-green, orange, red, and white light sources to ultra-broadband infrared amplifiers,” Adv. Funct. Mater. 18(9), 1407–1413 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Zhu, C.

J. Ren, J. Qiu, D. Chen, C. Wang, X. Jiang, and C. Zhu, “Infrared luminescence properties of bismuth-doped barium silicate glasses,” J. Mater. Res. 22(7), 1954–1958 (2007).
[CrossRef]

M. Peng, J. Qiu, D. Chen, X. Meng, and C. Zhu, “Superbroadband 1310 nm emission from Bismuth and Tantalum codoped germanium oxide glasses,” Opt. Lett. 30(18), 2433–2435 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Zhu, C. S.

Adv. Funct. Mater. (1)

S. F. Zhou, N. Jiang, B. Zhu, H. C. Yang, S. Ye, G. Lakshminarayana, J. H. Hao, and J. R. Qiu, “Multifunctional Bismuth-doped nanoporous silica glass: from blue-green, orange, red, and white light sources to ultra-broadband infrared amplifiers,” Adv. Funct. Mater. 18(9), 1407–1413 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Appl. Phys. Lett. (4)

Y. Arai, T. Suzuki, Y. Ohishi, S. Morimoto, and S. Khonthon, “Ultrabroadband near-infrared emission from a colorless Bismuth-doped glass,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 90(26), 261110 (2007).
[CrossRef]

H. P. Xia and X. J. Wang, “Near infrared broadband emission from Bi5+-doped Al2O3–GeO2–X (X=Na2O, BaO, Y2O3) glasses,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 89(5), 051917 (2006).
[CrossRef]

V. G. Truong, L. Bigot, A. Lerouge, M. Douay, and I. Razdobreev, “Study of thermal stability and luminescence quenching properties of Bismuth-doped silicate glasses for fiber laser applications,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 92(4), 041908 (2008).
[CrossRef]

I. Razdobreev, L. Bigot, V. Pureur, A. Favre, G. Bouwmans, and M. Douay, “Efficient all-fiber Bismuth-doped laser,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 90(3), 031103 (2007).
[CrossRef]

J. Mater. Res. (1)

J. Ren, J. Qiu, D. Chen, C. Wang, X. Jiang, and C. Zhu, “Infrared luminescence properties of bismuth-doped barium silicate glasses,” J. Mater. Res. 22(7), 1954–1958 (2007).
[CrossRef]

J. Phys. Chem. Ref. Data (1)

J. E. Sansonetti and W. C. Martin, “Handbook of Basic Atomic Spectroscopic Data,” J. Phys. Chem. Ref. Data 34(4), 1559–2257 (2005).
[CrossRef]

J. Phys. Condens. Matter (1)

M. Fockele, F. Lohse, J.-M. Spaeth, and R. H. Barturam, “Identification and optical properties of axial lead centres in alkaline-earth fluorides,” J. Phys. Condens. Matter 1(1), 13–26 (1989).
[CrossRef]

J. Phys. D Appl. Phys. (1)

V. O. Sokolov, V. G. Plotnichenko, and E. M. Dianov, “Centers of broadband near-IR luminescence in bismuth-doped glasses,” J. Phys. D Appl. Phys. 42(9), 095410 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Jpn. J. Appl. Phys. (1)

Y. Fujimoto and M. Nakatsuka, “Infrared luminescence from bismuth-doped silica glass,” Jpn. J. Appl. Phys. 40(Part 2, No. 3B), 279–281 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Nature (4)

U. Keller, “Recent developments in compact ultrafast lasers,” Nature 424(6950), 831–838 (2003).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

T. Udem, R. Holzwarth, and T. W. Hänsch, “Optical frequency metrology,” Nature 416(6877), 233–237 (2002).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

G. G. Paulus, F. Grasbon, H. Walther, P. Villoresi, M. Nisoli, S. Stagira, E. Priori, and S. De Silvestri, “Absolute-phase phenomena in photoionization with few-cycle laser pulses,” Nature 414(6860), 182–184 (2001).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

A. Rousse, C. Rischel, S. Fourmaux, I. Uschmann, S. Sebban, G. Grillon, Ph. Balcou, E. Förster, J. P. Geindre, P. Audebert, J. C. Gauthier, and D. Hulin, “Non-thermal melting in semiconductors measured at femtosecond resolution,” Nature 410(6824), 65–68 (2001).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Opt. Express (4)

Opt. Lett. (8)

L. B. Su, J. Yu, P. Zhou, H. J. Li, L. H. Zheng, Y. Yang, F. Wu, H. P. Xia, and J. Xu, “Broadband near-infrared luminescence in γ-irradiated Bi-doped alpha-BaB2O4 single crystals,” Opt. Lett. 34(16), 2504–2506 (2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

H. T. Sun, Y. Miwa, F. Shimaoka, M. Fujii, A. Hosokawa, M. Mizuhata, S. Hayashi, and S. Deki, “Superbroadband near-IR nano-optical source based on bismuth-doped high-silica nanocrystalline zeolites,” Opt. Lett. 34(8), 1219–1221 (2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

V. O. Sokolov, V. G. Plotnichenko, and E. M. Dianov, “Origin of broadband near-infrared luminescence in bismuth-doped glasses,” Opt. Lett. 33(13), 1488–1490 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

E. F. Kustov, L. I. Bulatov, V. V. Dvoyrin, and V. M. Mashinsky, “Molecular orbital model of optical centers in Bismuth-doped glasses,” Opt. Lett. 34(10), 1549–1551 (2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

A. G. Okhrimchuk, L. N. Butvina, E. M. Dianov, N. V. Lichkova, V. N. Zagorodnev, and K. N. Boldyrev, “Near-infrared luminescence of RbPb2Cl5:Bi crystals,” Opt. Lett. 33(19), 2182–2184 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

M. Peng, J. Qiu, D. Chen, X. Meng, and C. Zhu, “Superbroadband 1310 nm emission from Bismuth and Tantalum codoped germanium oxide glasses,” Opt. Lett. 30(18), 2433–2435 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

M. Yu. Sharonov, A. B. Bykov, V. Petricevic, and R. R. Alfano, “Spectroscopic study of optical centers formed in Bi-, Pb-, Sb-, Sn-, Te-, and In-doped germanate glasses,” Opt. Lett. 33(18), 2131–2133 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

L. F. Mollenauer, N. D. Vieira, and L. Szeto, “Mode locking by synchronous pumping using a gain medium with microsecond decay times,” Opt. Lett. 7(9), 414–416 (1982).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Phys. Rev. B (1)

L. F. Mollenauer, N. D. Vieira, and L. Szeto, “Optical properties of the Tl0(1) center in KCl,” Phys. Rev. B 27(9), 5332–5346 (1983).
[CrossRef]

Phys. Status Solidi (1)

A. A. Kaminskii, “Modern developments in the physics of crystalline laser materials,” Phys. Status Solidi 200(2), 215–296 (2003) (a).
[CrossRef]

Quantum Electron. (1)

E. M. Dianov, V. V. Dvoyrin, V. M. Mashinsky, A. A. Umnikov, M. V. Yashkov, and A. N. Gur'yanov, “CW bismuth fibre laser,” Quantum Electron. 35(12), 1083–1084 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Other (1)

International Atomic Energy Agency, “Absorbed dose determination in photon and electron beams, an international code of practice,” 2nd ed. Vienna: IAEA, Technical Reports Series No.277.56–57. (1997).

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Figures (5)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1

NIR emission spectra of H2-annealed and γ-irradiated Bi:α-BaB2O4 crystals under excitation of 808 nm LD.

Fig. 2
Fig. 2

Absorption, excitation, and emission spectra of (a) γ-irradiated Bi:α-BaB2O4 crystal and (b) H2-annealed Bi:α-BaB2O4 crystal. The excitation source is 808 nm LD.

Fig. 3
Fig. 3

Schematic energy-level diagrams of Bi+ in the Bi:α-BaB2O4 crystals after H2-annealed and γ-irradiated.

Fig. 4
Fig. 4

Absorption spectra of electron-irradiated Bi:α- BaB2O4 crystal (solid line) and as-grown Bi:α-BaB2O4 crystal (dash line).

Fig. 5
Fig. 5

Near-infrared emission spectra of electron-irradiated Bi:α-BaB2O4 crystals under excitation of 808 nm LD

Tables (1)

Tables Icon

Table 1 Energies of multiplets of Bi+ ions in α-BaB2O4 crystals and free Bi+ ions [29]

Equations (2)

Equations on this page are rendered with MathJax. Learn more.

V B a ' ' V B a + 2 e
B i 3 + + 2 e B i +

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