Abstract

We demonstrate the extraction of a single soliton from a bunch of solitons generated by the pulse breakup effect. The bunch of solitons was generated in a 500-m fiber pumped by 25-ps pulses. For the extraction of single soliton from the bunch we use a nonlinear optical loop mirror (NOLM). At its output we detected a pulse with full width at half-maximum (FWHM) of 0.99 ps whose autocorrelation trace corresponds to that of a soliton. Our results demonstrate that the suggested method can be useful for soliton generation, and also for investigations of the initial stage of the soliton formation process.

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  1. F. Mollenauer, R. H. Stolen, and J. P. Gordon, “Experimental observation of picosecond pulse narrowing and soliton in optical fiber,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 45(13), 1095–1098 (1980).
    [CrossRef]
  2. L. F. Mollenauer, R. H. Stolen, J. P. Gordon, and W. J. Tomlinson, “Extreme picosecond pulse narrowing by means of soliton effect in single-mode optical fibers,” Opt. Lett. 8(5), 289–291 (1983).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  3. A. S. Gouveia-Neto, A. S. L. Gomes, and J. R. Taylor, “Generation of 33-fsec pulses at 132 µm through a high-order soliton effect in a single-mode optical fiber,” Opt. Lett. 12(6), 395–397 (1987).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  4. J. P. Gordon, “Theory of the soliton self-frequency shift,” Opt. Lett. 11(10), 662–664 (1986).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  5. F. M. Mitschke and L. F. Mollenauer, “Discovery of the soliton self-frequency shift,” Opt. Lett. 11(10), 659–661 (1986).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  6. K. Tai, A. Hasegawa, and N. Bekki, “Fission of optical solitons induced by stimulated Raman effect,” Opt. Lett. 13(5), 392–394 (1988).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  7. P. Beaud, W. Hodel, B. Zysset, and H. P. Weber, “Ultrashort pulse propagation, pulse breakup, and fundamental soliton formation in a single-mode optical fiber,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. QE-23(11), 1938–1946 (1987).
    [CrossRef]
  8. S. R. Friberg and K. W. Delong, “Breakup of bound higher-order solitons,” Opt. Lett. 17(14), 979–981 (1992).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  9. D. Krylov, L. Leng, K. Bergman, J. C. Bronski, and J. N. Kutz, “Observation of the breakup of a prechirped N-soliton in an optical fiber,” Opt. Lett. 24(17), 1191–1193 (1999).
    [CrossRef]
  10. M. G. Banaee and J. F. Young, “High-order soliton breakup and soliton self-frequency shifts in a microstructured optical fiber,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 23(7), 1484–1489 (2006).
    [CrossRef]
  11. C.-J. Rosenberg, D. Anderson, M. Desaix, P. Johannisson, and M. Lisak, “Evolution of optical pulses toward wave breaking in highly nonlinear fibers,” Opt. Commun. 273(1), 272–277 (2007).
    [CrossRef]
  12. P. Podlipensky, P. Szarniak, N. Y. Joly, and P. S. Russell, “Anomalous pulse breakup in small-core photonic crystal fibers,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 25(12), 2049–2056 (2008).
    [CrossRef]
  13. Hasegava and W. F. Brinkman, “Tunable coherent IR and FIR sources utilizing modulational instability,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. QE-16, 694–697 (1980).
    [CrossRef]
  14. A. S. Gouveia-Neto, M. E. Faldon, and J. R. Taylor, “Raman amplification of modulational instability and solitary-wave formation,” Opt. Lett. 13(11), 1029–1031 (1988).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  15. M. N. Islam, G. Sucha, I. Bar-Joseph, M. Wegener, J. P. Gordon, and D. S. Chemla, “Femtosecond distributed soliton spectrum in fibers,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 6(6), 1149–1158 (1989).
    [CrossRef]
  16. S. Mendoza-Vazquez, E. A. Kuzin, S. Chavez-Cerda, B. Ibarra-Escamilla, J. Gutierrez-Gutierrez, J. W. Haus, and R. Rojas-Laguna, “Pulse breakup and Raman-shifted solitons in a standard fiber with subnanosecond pumping in the presence of noise,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 23(11), 2336–2341 (2006).
    [CrossRef]
  17. J. K. Ranka, R. S. Windeler, and A. J. Stentz, “Visible continuum generation in air-silica microstructure optical fibers with anomalous dispersion at 800 nm,” Opt. Lett. 25(1), 25–27 (2000).
    [CrossRef]
  18. T. A. Birks, W. J. Wadsworth, and P. St. J. Russell, “Supercontinuum generation in tapered fibers,” Opt. Lett. 25(19), 1415–1417 (2000).
    [CrossRef]
  19. J. M. Dudley, L. Provino, N. Grossard, H. Maillotte, R. S. Windeler, B. J. Eggleton, and S. Coen, “Supercontinuum generation in air–silica microstructured fibers with nanosecond and femtosecond pulse pumping,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 19(4), 765–771 (2002).
    [CrossRef]
  20. A. K. Abeeluck and C. Headley, “Continuous-wave pumping in the anomalous- and normal-dispersion regimes of nonlinear fibers for supercontinuum generation,” Opt. Lett. 30(1), 61–63 (2005).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  21. K. J. Blow, N. J. Doran, and B. K. Nayar, “Experimental demonstration of optical soliton switching in an all-fiber nonlinear Sagnac interferometer,” Opt. Lett. 14(14), 754–756 (1989).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  22. M. N. Islam, E. R. Sunderman, R. H. Stolen, W. Pleibel, and J. R. Simpson, “Soliton switching in a fiber nonlinear loop mirror,” Opt. Lett. 14(15), 811–813 (1989).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  23. K. Smith, N. J. Doran, and P. G. J. Wigley, “Pulse shaping, compression, and pedestal suppression employing a nonlinear-optical loop mirror,” Opt. Lett. 15(22), 1294–1296 (1990).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  24. M. Bello-Jiménez, E. A. Kuzin, O. Pottiez, B. Ibarra-Escamilla, A. Flores-Rosas, and M. Durán-Sánchez, “Soliton extraction from a bunch of solitons resulting from pulse breakup by using a nonlinear optical loop mirror,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 26(7), 1456–1462 (2009).
    [CrossRef]
  25. B. Ibarra-Escamilla, E. A. Kuzin, P. Zaca-Morán, R. Grajales-Coutiño, F. Mendez-Martinez, O. Pottiez, R. Rojas-Laguna, and J. W. Haus, “Experimental investigation of the nonlinear optical loop mirror with twisted fiber and birefringence bias,” Opt. Express 13(26), 10760–10767 (2005).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  26. O. Pottiez, B. Ibarra-Escamilla, and E. A. Kuzin, “High-quality amplitude jitter reduction and extinction enhancement using a power-symmetric NOLM and a polarizer,” Opt. Express 15(5), 2564–2572 (2007).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  27. J. Satsuma and N. Yajima, “Initial value problems of one dimensional self-modulation of nonlinear waves in dispersive media,” Suppl. Prog. Theor. Phys. 55, 284–306 (1974).
    [CrossRef]
  28. G. P. Agrawal, Nonlinear Fiber Optics (Academic, San Diego, Ca., 2001).
  29. B. Ibarra-Escamilla, O. Pottiez, E. A. Kuzin, M. Duran-Sanchez, and J. W. Haus, “All-fiber passive mode-locked laser to generate ps pulses based in a symmetrical NOLM,” Laser Phys. 19(2), 368–370 (2009).
    [CrossRef]
  30. R. Ulrich and A. Simon, “Polarization optics of twisted single-mode fibers,” Appl. Opt. 18(13), 2241–2251 (1979).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  31. E. A. Kuzin, J. M. Estudillo Ayala, B. Ibarra Escamilla, and J. W. Haus, “Measurements of beat length in short low-birefringence fibers,” Opt. Lett. 26(15), 1134–1136 (2001).
    [CrossRef]
  32. V. E. Zakharov and A. B. Shabat, “Exact theory of twodimensional self-focusing and one-dimensional selfmodulation of waves in nonlinear media,” Sov. Phys. JETP 61, 62–69 (1972).
  33. N. Korneev, E. A. Kuzin, B. Ibarra-Escamilla, M. Bello-Jiménez, and A. Flores-Rosas, “Initial development of supercontinuum in fibers with anomalous dispersion pumped by nanosecond-long pulses,” Opt. Express 16(4), 2636–2645 (2008).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  34. O. Pottiez, E. A. Kuzin, B. Ibarra-Escamilla, and F. Méndez-Martínez, “Theoretical investigation of the NOLM with highly twisted fibre and a λ/4 birefringence bias,” Opt. Commun. 254(1-3), 152–167 (2005).
    [CrossRef]
  35. Y. Silberberg and Y. Barad, “Rotating vector solitary waves in isotropic fibers,” Opt. Lett. 20(3), 246–248 (1995).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  36. D. N. Payne, A. J. Barlow, and J. Hansen, “Development of low- and high-birefringence optical fibers,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. QE-18(4), 477–488 (1982).
    [CrossRef]

2009 (2)

M. Bello-Jiménez, E. A. Kuzin, O. Pottiez, B. Ibarra-Escamilla, A. Flores-Rosas, and M. Durán-Sánchez, “Soliton extraction from a bunch of solitons resulting from pulse breakup by using a nonlinear optical loop mirror,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 26(7), 1456–1462 (2009).
[CrossRef]

B. Ibarra-Escamilla, O. Pottiez, E. A. Kuzin, M. Duran-Sanchez, and J. W. Haus, “All-fiber passive mode-locked laser to generate ps pulses based in a symmetrical NOLM,” Laser Phys. 19(2), 368–370 (2009).
[CrossRef]

2008 (2)

N. Korneev, E. A. Kuzin, B. Ibarra-Escamilla, M. Bello-Jiménez, and A. Flores-Rosas, “Initial development of supercontinuum in fibers with anomalous dispersion pumped by nanosecond-long pulses,” Opt. Express 16(4), 2636–2645 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

P. Podlipensky, P. Szarniak, N. Y. Joly, and P. S. Russell, “Anomalous pulse breakup in small-core photonic crystal fibers,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 25(12), 2049–2056 (2008).
[CrossRef]

2007 (2)

C.-J. Rosenberg, D. Anderson, M. Desaix, P. Johannisson, and M. Lisak, “Evolution of optical pulses toward wave breaking in highly nonlinear fibers,” Opt. Commun. 273(1), 272–277 (2007).
[CrossRef]

O. Pottiez, B. Ibarra-Escamilla, and E. A. Kuzin, “High-quality amplitude jitter reduction and extinction enhancement using a power-symmetric NOLM and a polarizer,” Opt. Express 15(5), 2564–2572 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

2006 (2)

M. G. Banaee and J. F. Young, “High-order soliton breakup and soliton self-frequency shifts in a microstructured optical fiber,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 23(7), 1484–1489 (2006).
[CrossRef]

S. Mendoza-Vazquez, E. A. Kuzin, S. Chavez-Cerda, B. Ibarra-Escamilla, J. Gutierrez-Gutierrez, J. W. Haus, and R. Rojas-Laguna, “Pulse breakup and Raman-shifted solitons in a standard fiber with subnanosecond pumping in the presence of noise,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 23(11), 2336–2341 (2006).
[CrossRef]

2005 (3)

B. Ibarra-Escamilla, E. A. Kuzin, P. Zaca-Morán, R. Grajales-Coutiño, F. Mendez-Martinez, O. Pottiez, R. Rojas-Laguna, and J. W. Haus, “Experimental investigation of the nonlinear optical loop mirror with twisted fiber and birefringence bias,” Opt. Express 13(26), 10760–10767 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

A. K. Abeeluck and C. Headley, “Continuous-wave pumping in the anomalous- and normal-dispersion regimes of nonlinear fibers for supercontinuum generation,” Opt. Lett. 30(1), 61–63 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

O. Pottiez, E. A. Kuzin, B. Ibarra-Escamilla, and F. Méndez-Martínez, “Theoretical investigation of the NOLM with highly twisted fibre and a λ/4 birefringence bias,” Opt. Commun. 254(1-3), 152–167 (2005).
[CrossRef]

2002 (1)

J. M. Dudley, L. Provino, N. Grossard, H. Maillotte, R. S. Windeler, B. J. Eggleton, and S. Coen, “Supercontinuum generation in air–silica microstructured fibers with nanosecond and femtosecond pulse pumping,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 19(4), 765–771 (2002).
[CrossRef]

2001 (1)

E. A. Kuzin, J. M. Estudillo Ayala, B. Ibarra Escamilla, and J. W. Haus, “Measurements of beat length in short low-birefringence fibers,” Opt. Lett. 26(15), 1134–1136 (2001).
[CrossRef]

2000 (2)

J. K. Ranka, R. S. Windeler, and A. J. Stentz, “Visible continuum generation in air-silica microstructure optical fibers with anomalous dispersion at 800 nm,” Opt. Lett. 25(1), 25–27 (2000).
[CrossRef]

T. A. Birks, W. J. Wadsworth, and P. St. J. Russell, “Supercontinuum generation in tapered fibers,” Opt. Lett. 25(19), 1415–1417 (2000).
[CrossRef]

1999 (1)

D. Krylov, L. Leng, K. Bergman, J. C. Bronski, and J. N. Kutz, “Observation of the breakup of a prechirped N-soliton in an optical fiber,” Opt. Lett. 24(17), 1191–1193 (1999).
[CrossRef]

1995 (1)

Y. Silberberg and Y. Barad, “Rotating vector solitary waves in isotropic fibers,” Opt. Lett. 20(3), 246–248 (1995).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

1992 (1)

S. R. Friberg and K. W. Delong, “Breakup of bound higher-order solitons,” Opt. Lett. 17(14), 979–981 (1992).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

1990 (1)

K. Smith, N. J. Doran, and P. G. J. Wigley, “Pulse shaping, compression, and pedestal suppression employing a nonlinear-optical loop mirror,” Opt. Lett. 15(22), 1294–1296 (1990).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

1989 (3)

K. J. Blow, N. J. Doran, and B. K. Nayar, “Experimental demonstration of optical soliton switching in an all-fiber nonlinear Sagnac interferometer,” Opt. Lett. 14(14), 754–756 (1989).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

M. N. Islam, E. R. Sunderman, R. H. Stolen, W. Pleibel, and J. R. Simpson, “Soliton switching in a fiber nonlinear loop mirror,” Opt. Lett. 14(15), 811–813 (1989).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

M. N. Islam, G. Sucha, I. Bar-Joseph, M. Wegener, J. P. Gordon, and D. S. Chemla, “Femtosecond distributed soliton spectrum in fibers,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 6(6), 1149–1158 (1989).
[CrossRef]

1988 (2)

A. S. Gouveia-Neto, M. E. Faldon, and J. R. Taylor, “Raman amplification of modulational instability and solitary-wave formation,” Opt. Lett. 13(11), 1029–1031 (1988).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

K. Tai, A. Hasegawa, and N. Bekki, “Fission of optical solitons induced by stimulated Raman effect,” Opt. Lett. 13(5), 392–394 (1988).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

1987 (2)

P. Beaud, W. Hodel, B. Zysset, and H. P. Weber, “Ultrashort pulse propagation, pulse breakup, and fundamental soliton formation in a single-mode optical fiber,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. QE-23(11), 1938–1946 (1987).
[CrossRef]

A. S. Gouveia-Neto, A. S. L. Gomes, and J. R. Taylor, “Generation of 33-fsec pulses at 132 µm through a high-order soliton effect in a single-mode optical fiber,” Opt. Lett. 12(6), 395–397 (1987).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

1986 (2)

J. P. Gordon, “Theory of the soliton self-frequency shift,” Opt. Lett. 11(10), 662–664 (1986).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

F. M. Mitschke and L. F. Mollenauer, “Discovery of the soliton self-frequency shift,” Opt. Lett. 11(10), 659–661 (1986).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

1983 (1)

L. F. Mollenauer, R. H. Stolen, J. P. Gordon, and W. J. Tomlinson, “Extreme picosecond pulse narrowing by means of soliton effect in single-mode optical fibers,” Opt. Lett. 8(5), 289–291 (1983).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

1982 (1)

D. N. Payne, A. J. Barlow, and J. Hansen, “Development of low- and high-birefringence optical fibers,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. QE-18(4), 477–488 (1982).
[CrossRef]

1980 (2)

F. Mollenauer, R. H. Stolen, and J. P. Gordon, “Experimental observation of picosecond pulse narrowing and soliton in optical fiber,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 45(13), 1095–1098 (1980).
[CrossRef]

Hasegava and W. F. Brinkman, “Tunable coherent IR and FIR sources utilizing modulational instability,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. QE-16, 694–697 (1980).
[CrossRef]

1979 (1)

R. Ulrich and A. Simon, “Polarization optics of twisted single-mode fibers,” Appl. Opt. 18(13), 2241–2251 (1979).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

1974 (1)

J. Satsuma and N. Yajima, “Initial value problems of one dimensional self-modulation of nonlinear waves in dispersive media,” Suppl. Prog. Theor. Phys. 55, 284–306 (1974).
[CrossRef]

1972 (1)

V. E. Zakharov and A. B. Shabat, “Exact theory of twodimensional self-focusing and one-dimensional selfmodulation of waves in nonlinear media,” Sov. Phys. JETP 61, 62–69 (1972).

Abeeluck, A. K.

A. K. Abeeluck and C. Headley, “Continuous-wave pumping in the anomalous- and normal-dispersion regimes of nonlinear fibers for supercontinuum generation,” Opt. Lett. 30(1), 61–63 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Anderson, D.

C.-J. Rosenberg, D. Anderson, M. Desaix, P. Johannisson, and M. Lisak, “Evolution of optical pulses toward wave breaking in highly nonlinear fibers,” Opt. Commun. 273(1), 272–277 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Banaee, M. G.

M. G. Banaee and J. F. Young, “High-order soliton breakup and soliton self-frequency shifts in a microstructured optical fiber,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 23(7), 1484–1489 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Barad, Y.

Y. Silberberg and Y. Barad, “Rotating vector solitary waves in isotropic fibers,” Opt. Lett. 20(3), 246–248 (1995).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Bar-Joseph, I.

M. N. Islam, G. Sucha, I. Bar-Joseph, M. Wegener, J. P. Gordon, and D. S. Chemla, “Femtosecond distributed soliton spectrum in fibers,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 6(6), 1149–1158 (1989).
[CrossRef]

Barlow, A. J.

D. N. Payne, A. J. Barlow, and J. Hansen, “Development of low- and high-birefringence optical fibers,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. QE-18(4), 477–488 (1982).
[CrossRef]

Beaud, P.

P. Beaud, W. Hodel, B. Zysset, and H. P. Weber, “Ultrashort pulse propagation, pulse breakup, and fundamental soliton formation in a single-mode optical fiber,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. QE-23(11), 1938–1946 (1987).
[CrossRef]

Bekki, N.

K. Tai, A. Hasegawa, and N. Bekki, “Fission of optical solitons induced by stimulated Raman effect,” Opt. Lett. 13(5), 392–394 (1988).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Bello-Jiménez, M.

M. Bello-Jiménez, E. A. Kuzin, O. Pottiez, B. Ibarra-Escamilla, A. Flores-Rosas, and M. Durán-Sánchez, “Soliton extraction from a bunch of solitons resulting from pulse breakup by using a nonlinear optical loop mirror,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 26(7), 1456–1462 (2009).
[CrossRef]

N. Korneev, E. A. Kuzin, B. Ibarra-Escamilla, M. Bello-Jiménez, and A. Flores-Rosas, “Initial development of supercontinuum in fibers with anomalous dispersion pumped by nanosecond-long pulses,” Opt. Express 16(4), 2636–2645 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Bergman, K.

D. Krylov, L. Leng, K. Bergman, J. C. Bronski, and J. N. Kutz, “Observation of the breakup of a prechirped N-soliton in an optical fiber,” Opt. Lett. 24(17), 1191–1193 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Birks, T. A.

T. A. Birks, W. J. Wadsworth, and P. St. J. Russell, “Supercontinuum generation in tapered fibers,” Opt. Lett. 25(19), 1415–1417 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Blow, K. J.

K. J. Blow, N. J. Doran, and B. K. Nayar, “Experimental demonstration of optical soliton switching in an all-fiber nonlinear Sagnac interferometer,” Opt. Lett. 14(14), 754–756 (1989).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Brinkman, W. F.

Hasegava and W. F. Brinkman, “Tunable coherent IR and FIR sources utilizing modulational instability,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. QE-16, 694–697 (1980).
[CrossRef]

Bronski, J. C.

D. Krylov, L. Leng, K. Bergman, J. C. Bronski, and J. N. Kutz, “Observation of the breakup of a prechirped N-soliton in an optical fiber,” Opt. Lett. 24(17), 1191–1193 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Chavez-Cerda, S.

S. Mendoza-Vazquez, E. A. Kuzin, S. Chavez-Cerda, B. Ibarra-Escamilla, J. Gutierrez-Gutierrez, J. W. Haus, and R. Rojas-Laguna, “Pulse breakup and Raman-shifted solitons in a standard fiber with subnanosecond pumping in the presence of noise,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 23(11), 2336–2341 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Chemla, D. S.

M. N. Islam, G. Sucha, I. Bar-Joseph, M. Wegener, J. P. Gordon, and D. S. Chemla, “Femtosecond distributed soliton spectrum in fibers,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 6(6), 1149–1158 (1989).
[CrossRef]

Coen, S.

J. M. Dudley, L. Provino, N. Grossard, H. Maillotte, R. S. Windeler, B. J. Eggleton, and S. Coen, “Supercontinuum generation in air–silica microstructured fibers with nanosecond and femtosecond pulse pumping,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 19(4), 765–771 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Delong, K. W.

S. R. Friberg and K. W. Delong, “Breakup of bound higher-order solitons,” Opt. Lett. 17(14), 979–981 (1992).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Desaix, M.

C.-J. Rosenberg, D. Anderson, M. Desaix, P. Johannisson, and M. Lisak, “Evolution of optical pulses toward wave breaking in highly nonlinear fibers,” Opt. Commun. 273(1), 272–277 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Doran, N. J.

K. Smith, N. J. Doran, and P. G. J. Wigley, “Pulse shaping, compression, and pedestal suppression employing a nonlinear-optical loop mirror,” Opt. Lett. 15(22), 1294–1296 (1990).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

K. J. Blow, N. J. Doran, and B. K. Nayar, “Experimental demonstration of optical soliton switching in an all-fiber nonlinear Sagnac interferometer,” Opt. Lett. 14(14), 754–756 (1989).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Dudley, J. M.

J. M. Dudley, L. Provino, N. Grossard, H. Maillotte, R. S. Windeler, B. J. Eggleton, and S. Coen, “Supercontinuum generation in air–silica microstructured fibers with nanosecond and femtosecond pulse pumping,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 19(4), 765–771 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Duran-Sanchez, M.

B. Ibarra-Escamilla, O. Pottiez, E. A. Kuzin, M. Duran-Sanchez, and J. W. Haus, “All-fiber passive mode-locked laser to generate ps pulses based in a symmetrical NOLM,” Laser Phys. 19(2), 368–370 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Durán-Sánchez, M.

M. Bello-Jiménez, E. A. Kuzin, O. Pottiez, B. Ibarra-Escamilla, A. Flores-Rosas, and M. Durán-Sánchez, “Soliton extraction from a bunch of solitons resulting from pulse breakup by using a nonlinear optical loop mirror,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 26(7), 1456–1462 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Eggleton, B. J.

J. M. Dudley, L. Provino, N. Grossard, H. Maillotte, R. S. Windeler, B. J. Eggleton, and S. Coen, “Supercontinuum generation in air–silica microstructured fibers with nanosecond and femtosecond pulse pumping,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 19(4), 765–771 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Estudillo Ayala, J. M.

E. A. Kuzin, J. M. Estudillo Ayala, B. Ibarra Escamilla, and J. W. Haus, “Measurements of beat length in short low-birefringence fibers,” Opt. Lett. 26(15), 1134–1136 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Faldon, M. E.

A. S. Gouveia-Neto, M. E. Faldon, and J. R. Taylor, “Raman amplification of modulational instability and solitary-wave formation,” Opt. Lett. 13(11), 1029–1031 (1988).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Flores-Rosas, A.

M. Bello-Jiménez, E. A. Kuzin, O. Pottiez, B. Ibarra-Escamilla, A. Flores-Rosas, and M. Durán-Sánchez, “Soliton extraction from a bunch of solitons resulting from pulse breakup by using a nonlinear optical loop mirror,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 26(7), 1456–1462 (2009).
[CrossRef]

N. Korneev, E. A. Kuzin, B. Ibarra-Escamilla, M. Bello-Jiménez, and A. Flores-Rosas, “Initial development of supercontinuum in fibers with anomalous dispersion pumped by nanosecond-long pulses,” Opt. Express 16(4), 2636–2645 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Friberg, S. R.

S. R. Friberg and K. W. Delong, “Breakup of bound higher-order solitons,” Opt. Lett. 17(14), 979–981 (1992).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Gomes, A. S. L.

A. S. Gouveia-Neto, A. S. L. Gomes, and J. R. Taylor, “Generation of 33-fsec pulses at 132 µm through a high-order soliton effect in a single-mode optical fiber,” Opt. Lett. 12(6), 395–397 (1987).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Gordon, J. P.

M. N. Islam, G. Sucha, I. Bar-Joseph, M. Wegener, J. P. Gordon, and D. S. Chemla, “Femtosecond distributed soliton spectrum in fibers,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 6(6), 1149–1158 (1989).
[CrossRef]

J. P. Gordon, “Theory of the soliton self-frequency shift,” Opt. Lett. 11(10), 662–664 (1986).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

L. F. Mollenauer, R. H. Stolen, J. P. Gordon, and W. J. Tomlinson, “Extreme picosecond pulse narrowing by means of soliton effect in single-mode optical fibers,” Opt. Lett. 8(5), 289–291 (1983).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

F. Mollenauer, R. H. Stolen, and J. P. Gordon, “Experimental observation of picosecond pulse narrowing and soliton in optical fiber,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 45(13), 1095–1098 (1980).
[CrossRef]

Gouveia-Neto, A. S.

A. S. Gouveia-Neto, M. E. Faldon, and J. R. Taylor, “Raman amplification of modulational instability and solitary-wave formation,” Opt. Lett. 13(11), 1029–1031 (1988).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

A. S. Gouveia-Neto, A. S. L. Gomes, and J. R. Taylor, “Generation of 33-fsec pulses at 132 µm through a high-order soliton effect in a single-mode optical fiber,” Opt. Lett. 12(6), 395–397 (1987).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Grajales-Coutiño, R.

B. Ibarra-Escamilla, E. A. Kuzin, P. Zaca-Morán, R. Grajales-Coutiño, F. Mendez-Martinez, O. Pottiez, R. Rojas-Laguna, and J. W. Haus, “Experimental investigation of the nonlinear optical loop mirror with twisted fiber and birefringence bias,” Opt. Express 13(26), 10760–10767 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Grossard, N.

J. M. Dudley, L. Provino, N. Grossard, H. Maillotte, R. S. Windeler, B. J. Eggleton, and S. Coen, “Supercontinuum generation in air–silica microstructured fibers with nanosecond and femtosecond pulse pumping,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 19(4), 765–771 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Gutierrez-Gutierrez, J.

S. Mendoza-Vazquez, E. A. Kuzin, S. Chavez-Cerda, B. Ibarra-Escamilla, J. Gutierrez-Gutierrez, J. W. Haus, and R. Rojas-Laguna, “Pulse breakup and Raman-shifted solitons in a standard fiber with subnanosecond pumping in the presence of noise,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 23(11), 2336–2341 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Hansen, J.

D. N. Payne, A. J. Barlow, and J. Hansen, “Development of low- and high-birefringence optical fibers,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. QE-18(4), 477–488 (1982).
[CrossRef]

Hasegava,

Hasegava and W. F. Brinkman, “Tunable coherent IR and FIR sources utilizing modulational instability,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. QE-16, 694–697 (1980).
[CrossRef]

Hasegawa, A.

K. Tai, A. Hasegawa, and N. Bekki, “Fission of optical solitons induced by stimulated Raman effect,” Opt. Lett. 13(5), 392–394 (1988).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Haus, J. W.

B. Ibarra-Escamilla, O. Pottiez, E. A. Kuzin, M. Duran-Sanchez, and J. W. Haus, “All-fiber passive mode-locked laser to generate ps pulses based in a symmetrical NOLM,” Laser Phys. 19(2), 368–370 (2009).
[CrossRef]

S. Mendoza-Vazquez, E. A. Kuzin, S. Chavez-Cerda, B. Ibarra-Escamilla, J. Gutierrez-Gutierrez, J. W. Haus, and R. Rojas-Laguna, “Pulse breakup and Raman-shifted solitons in a standard fiber with subnanosecond pumping in the presence of noise,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 23(11), 2336–2341 (2006).
[CrossRef]

B. Ibarra-Escamilla, E. A. Kuzin, P. Zaca-Morán, R. Grajales-Coutiño, F. Mendez-Martinez, O. Pottiez, R. Rojas-Laguna, and J. W. Haus, “Experimental investigation of the nonlinear optical loop mirror with twisted fiber and birefringence bias,” Opt. Express 13(26), 10760–10767 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

E. A. Kuzin, J. M. Estudillo Ayala, B. Ibarra Escamilla, and J. W. Haus, “Measurements of beat length in short low-birefringence fibers,” Opt. Lett. 26(15), 1134–1136 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Headley, C.

A. K. Abeeluck and C. Headley, “Continuous-wave pumping in the anomalous- and normal-dispersion regimes of nonlinear fibers for supercontinuum generation,” Opt. Lett. 30(1), 61–63 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Hodel, W.

P. Beaud, W. Hodel, B. Zysset, and H. P. Weber, “Ultrashort pulse propagation, pulse breakup, and fundamental soliton formation in a single-mode optical fiber,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. QE-23(11), 1938–1946 (1987).
[CrossRef]

Ibarra Escamilla, B.

E. A. Kuzin, J. M. Estudillo Ayala, B. Ibarra Escamilla, and J. W. Haus, “Measurements of beat length in short low-birefringence fibers,” Opt. Lett. 26(15), 1134–1136 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Ibarra-Escamilla, B.

B. Ibarra-Escamilla, O. Pottiez, E. A. Kuzin, M. Duran-Sanchez, and J. W. Haus, “All-fiber passive mode-locked laser to generate ps pulses based in a symmetrical NOLM,” Laser Phys. 19(2), 368–370 (2009).
[CrossRef]

M. Bello-Jiménez, E. A. Kuzin, O. Pottiez, B. Ibarra-Escamilla, A. Flores-Rosas, and M. Durán-Sánchez, “Soliton extraction from a bunch of solitons resulting from pulse breakup by using a nonlinear optical loop mirror,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 26(7), 1456–1462 (2009).
[CrossRef]

N. Korneev, E. A. Kuzin, B. Ibarra-Escamilla, M. Bello-Jiménez, and A. Flores-Rosas, “Initial development of supercontinuum in fibers with anomalous dispersion pumped by nanosecond-long pulses,” Opt. Express 16(4), 2636–2645 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

O. Pottiez, B. Ibarra-Escamilla, and E. A. Kuzin, “High-quality amplitude jitter reduction and extinction enhancement using a power-symmetric NOLM and a polarizer,” Opt. Express 15(5), 2564–2572 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

S. Mendoza-Vazquez, E. A. Kuzin, S. Chavez-Cerda, B. Ibarra-Escamilla, J. Gutierrez-Gutierrez, J. W. Haus, and R. Rojas-Laguna, “Pulse breakup and Raman-shifted solitons in a standard fiber with subnanosecond pumping in the presence of noise,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 23(11), 2336–2341 (2006).
[CrossRef]

B. Ibarra-Escamilla, E. A. Kuzin, P. Zaca-Morán, R. Grajales-Coutiño, F. Mendez-Martinez, O. Pottiez, R. Rojas-Laguna, and J. W. Haus, “Experimental investigation of the nonlinear optical loop mirror with twisted fiber and birefringence bias,” Opt. Express 13(26), 10760–10767 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

O. Pottiez, E. A. Kuzin, B. Ibarra-Escamilla, and F. Méndez-Martínez, “Theoretical investigation of the NOLM with highly twisted fibre and a λ/4 birefringence bias,” Opt. Commun. 254(1-3), 152–167 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Islam, M. N.

M. N. Islam, E. R. Sunderman, R. H. Stolen, W. Pleibel, and J. R. Simpson, “Soliton switching in a fiber nonlinear loop mirror,” Opt. Lett. 14(15), 811–813 (1989).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

M. N. Islam, G. Sucha, I. Bar-Joseph, M. Wegener, J. P. Gordon, and D. S. Chemla, “Femtosecond distributed soliton spectrum in fibers,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 6(6), 1149–1158 (1989).
[CrossRef]

Johannisson, P.

C.-J. Rosenberg, D. Anderson, M. Desaix, P. Johannisson, and M. Lisak, “Evolution of optical pulses toward wave breaking in highly nonlinear fibers,” Opt. Commun. 273(1), 272–277 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Joly, N. Y.

P. Podlipensky, P. Szarniak, N. Y. Joly, and P. S. Russell, “Anomalous pulse breakup in small-core photonic crystal fibers,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 25(12), 2049–2056 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Korneev, N.

N. Korneev, E. A. Kuzin, B. Ibarra-Escamilla, M. Bello-Jiménez, and A. Flores-Rosas, “Initial development of supercontinuum in fibers with anomalous dispersion pumped by nanosecond-long pulses,” Opt. Express 16(4), 2636–2645 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Krylov, D.

D. Krylov, L. Leng, K. Bergman, J. C. Bronski, and J. N. Kutz, “Observation of the breakup of a prechirped N-soliton in an optical fiber,” Opt. Lett. 24(17), 1191–1193 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Kutz, J. N.

D. Krylov, L. Leng, K. Bergman, J. C. Bronski, and J. N. Kutz, “Observation of the breakup of a prechirped N-soliton in an optical fiber,” Opt. Lett. 24(17), 1191–1193 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Kuzin, E. A.

M. Bello-Jiménez, E. A. Kuzin, O. Pottiez, B. Ibarra-Escamilla, A. Flores-Rosas, and M. Durán-Sánchez, “Soliton extraction from a bunch of solitons resulting from pulse breakup by using a nonlinear optical loop mirror,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 26(7), 1456–1462 (2009).
[CrossRef]

B. Ibarra-Escamilla, O. Pottiez, E. A. Kuzin, M. Duran-Sanchez, and J. W. Haus, “All-fiber passive mode-locked laser to generate ps pulses based in a symmetrical NOLM,” Laser Phys. 19(2), 368–370 (2009).
[CrossRef]

N. Korneev, E. A. Kuzin, B. Ibarra-Escamilla, M. Bello-Jiménez, and A. Flores-Rosas, “Initial development of supercontinuum in fibers with anomalous dispersion pumped by nanosecond-long pulses,” Opt. Express 16(4), 2636–2645 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

O. Pottiez, B. Ibarra-Escamilla, and E. A. Kuzin, “High-quality amplitude jitter reduction and extinction enhancement using a power-symmetric NOLM and a polarizer,” Opt. Express 15(5), 2564–2572 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

S. Mendoza-Vazquez, E. A. Kuzin, S. Chavez-Cerda, B. Ibarra-Escamilla, J. Gutierrez-Gutierrez, J. W. Haus, and R. Rojas-Laguna, “Pulse breakup and Raman-shifted solitons in a standard fiber with subnanosecond pumping in the presence of noise,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 23(11), 2336–2341 (2006).
[CrossRef]

B. Ibarra-Escamilla, E. A. Kuzin, P. Zaca-Morán, R. Grajales-Coutiño, F. Mendez-Martinez, O. Pottiez, R. Rojas-Laguna, and J. W. Haus, “Experimental investigation of the nonlinear optical loop mirror with twisted fiber and birefringence bias,” Opt. Express 13(26), 10760–10767 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

O. Pottiez, E. A. Kuzin, B. Ibarra-Escamilla, and F. Méndez-Martínez, “Theoretical investigation of the NOLM with highly twisted fibre and a λ/4 birefringence bias,” Opt. Commun. 254(1-3), 152–167 (2005).
[CrossRef]

E. A. Kuzin, J. M. Estudillo Ayala, B. Ibarra Escamilla, and J. W. Haus, “Measurements of beat length in short low-birefringence fibers,” Opt. Lett. 26(15), 1134–1136 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Leng, L.

D. Krylov, L. Leng, K. Bergman, J. C. Bronski, and J. N. Kutz, “Observation of the breakup of a prechirped N-soliton in an optical fiber,” Opt. Lett. 24(17), 1191–1193 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Lisak, M.

C.-J. Rosenberg, D. Anderson, M. Desaix, P. Johannisson, and M. Lisak, “Evolution of optical pulses toward wave breaking in highly nonlinear fibers,” Opt. Commun. 273(1), 272–277 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Maillotte, H.

J. M. Dudley, L. Provino, N. Grossard, H. Maillotte, R. S. Windeler, B. J. Eggleton, and S. Coen, “Supercontinuum generation in air–silica microstructured fibers with nanosecond and femtosecond pulse pumping,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 19(4), 765–771 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Mendez-Martinez, F.

B. Ibarra-Escamilla, E. A. Kuzin, P. Zaca-Morán, R. Grajales-Coutiño, F. Mendez-Martinez, O. Pottiez, R. Rojas-Laguna, and J. W. Haus, “Experimental investigation of the nonlinear optical loop mirror with twisted fiber and birefringence bias,” Opt. Express 13(26), 10760–10767 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Méndez-Martínez, F.

O. Pottiez, E. A. Kuzin, B. Ibarra-Escamilla, and F. Méndez-Martínez, “Theoretical investigation of the NOLM with highly twisted fibre and a λ/4 birefringence bias,” Opt. Commun. 254(1-3), 152–167 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Mendoza-Vazquez, S.

S. Mendoza-Vazquez, E. A. Kuzin, S. Chavez-Cerda, B. Ibarra-Escamilla, J. Gutierrez-Gutierrez, J. W. Haus, and R. Rojas-Laguna, “Pulse breakup and Raman-shifted solitons in a standard fiber with subnanosecond pumping in the presence of noise,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 23(11), 2336–2341 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Mitschke, F. M.

F. M. Mitschke and L. F. Mollenauer, “Discovery of the soliton self-frequency shift,” Opt. Lett. 11(10), 659–661 (1986).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Mollenauer, F.

F. Mollenauer, R. H. Stolen, and J. P. Gordon, “Experimental observation of picosecond pulse narrowing and soliton in optical fiber,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 45(13), 1095–1098 (1980).
[CrossRef]

Mollenauer, L. F.

F. M. Mitschke and L. F. Mollenauer, “Discovery of the soliton self-frequency shift,” Opt. Lett. 11(10), 659–661 (1986).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

L. F. Mollenauer, R. H. Stolen, J. P. Gordon, and W. J. Tomlinson, “Extreme picosecond pulse narrowing by means of soliton effect in single-mode optical fibers,” Opt. Lett. 8(5), 289–291 (1983).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Nayar, B. K.

K. J. Blow, N. J. Doran, and B. K. Nayar, “Experimental demonstration of optical soliton switching in an all-fiber nonlinear Sagnac interferometer,” Opt. Lett. 14(14), 754–756 (1989).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Payne, D. N.

D. N. Payne, A. J. Barlow, and J. Hansen, “Development of low- and high-birefringence optical fibers,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. QE-18(4), 477–488 (1982).
[CrossRef]

Pleibel, W.

M. N. Islam, E. R. Sunderman, R. H. Stolen, W. Pleibel, and J. R. Simpson, “Soliton switching in a fiber nonlinear loop mirror,” Opt. Lett. 14(15), 811–813 (1989).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Podlipensky, P.

P. Podlipensky, P. Szarniak, N. Y. Joly, and P. S. Russell, “Anomalous pulse breakup in small-core photonic crystal fibers,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 25(12), 2049–2056 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Pottiez, O.

M. Bello-Jiménez, E. A. Kuzin, O. Pottiez, B. Ibarra-Escamilla, A. Flores-Rosas, and M. Durán-Sánchez, “Soliton extraction from a bunch of solitons resulting from pulse breakup by using a nonlinear optical loop mirror,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 26(7), 1456–1462 (2009).
[CrossRef]

B. Ibarra-Escamilla, O. Pottiez, E. A. Kuzin, M. Duran-Sanchez, and J. W. Haus, “All-fiber passive mode-locked laser to generate ps pulses based in a symmetrical NOLM,” Laser Phys. 19(2), 368–370 (2009).
[CrossRef]

O. Pottiez, B. Ibarra-Escamilla, and E. A. Kuzin, “High-quality amplitude jitter reduction and extinction enhancement using a power-symmetric NOLM and a polarizer,” Opt. Express 15(5), 2564–2572 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

B. Ibarra-Escamilla, E. A. Kuzin, P. Zaca-Morán, R. Grajales-Coutiño, F. Mendez-Martinez, O. Pottiez, R. Rojas-Laguna, and J. W. Haus, “Experimental investigation of the nonlinear optical loop mirror with twisted fiber and birefringence bias,” Opt. Express 13(26), 10760–10767 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

O. Pottiez, E. A. Kuzin, B. Ibarra-Escamilla, and F. Méndez-Martínez, “Theoretical investigation of the NOLM with highly twisted fibre and a λ/4 birefringence bias,” Opt. Commun. 254(1-3), 152–167 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Provino, L.

J. M. Dudley, L. Provino, N. Grossard, H. Maillotte, R. S. Windeler, B. J. Eggleton, and S. Coen, “Supercontinuum generation in air–silica microstructured fibers with nanosecond and femtosecond pulse pumping,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 19(4), 765–771 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Ranka, J. K.

J. K. Ranka, R. S. Windeler, and A. J. Stentz, “Visible continuum generation in air-silica microstructure optical fibers with anomalous dispersion at 800 nm,” Opt. Lett. 25(1), 25–27 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Rojas-Laguna, R.

S. Mendoza-Vazquez, E. A. Kuzin, S. Chavez-Cerda, B. Ibarra-Escamilla, J. Gutierrez-Gutierrez, J. W. Haus, and R. Rojas-Laguna, “Pulse breakup and Raman-shifted solitons in a standard fiber with subnanosecond pumping in the presence of noise,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 23(11), 2336–2341 (2006).
[CrossRef]

B. Ibarra-Escamilla, E. A. Kuzin, P. Zaca-Morán, R. Grajales-Coutiño, F. Mendez-Martinez, O. Pottiez, R. Rojas-Laguna, and J. W. Haus, “Experimental investigation of the nonlinear optical loop mirror with twisted fiber and birefringence bias,” Opt. Express 13(26), 10760–10767 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Rosenberg, C.-J.

C.-J. Rosenberg, D. Anderson, M. Desaix, P. Johannisson, and M. Lisak, “Evolution of optical pulses toward wave breaking in highly nonlinear fibers,” Opt. Commun. 273(1), 272–277 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Russell, P. S.

P. Podlipensky, P. Szarniak, N. Y. Joly, and P. S. Russell, “Anomalous pulse breakup in small-core photonic crystal fibers,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 25(12), 2049–2056 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Russell, P. St. J.

T. A. Birks, W. J. Wadsworth, and P. St. J. Russell, “Supercontinuum generation in tapered fibers,” Opt. Lett. 25(19), 1415–1417 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Satsuma, J.

J. Satsuma and N. Yajima, “Initial value problems of one dimensional self-modulation of nonlinear waves in dispersive media,” Suppl. Prog. Theor. Phys. 55, 284–306 (1974).
[CrossRef]

Shabat, A. B.

V. E. Zakharov and A. B. Shabat, “Exact theory of twodimensional self-focusing and one-dimensional selfmodulation of waves in nonlinear media,” Sov. Phys. JETP 61, 62–69 (1972).

Silberberg, Y.

Y. Silberberg and Y. Barad, “Rotating vector solitary waves in isotropic fibers,” Opt. Lett. 20(3), 246–248 (1995).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Simon, A.

R. Ulrich and A. Simon, “Polarization optics of twisted single-mode fibers,” Appl. Opt. 18(13), 2241–2251 (1979).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Simpson, J. R.

M. N. Islam, E. R. Sunderman, R. H. Stolen, W. Pleibel, and J. R. Simpson, “Soliton switching in a fiber nonlinear loop mirror,” Opt. Lett. 14(15), 811–813 (1989).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Smith, K.

K. Smith, N. J. Doran, and P. G. J. Wigley, “Pulse shaping, compression, and pedestal suppression employing a nonlinear-optical loop mirror,” Opt. Lett. 15(22), 1294–1296 (1990).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Stentz, A. J.

J. K. Ranka, R. S. Windeler, and A. J. Stentz, “Visible continuum generation in air-silica microstructure optical fibers with anomalous dispersion at 800 nm,” Opt. Lett. 25(1), 25–27 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Stolen, R. H.

M. N. Islam, E. R. Sunderman, R. H. Stolen, W. Pleibel, and J. R. Simpson, “Soliton switching in a fiber nonlinear loop mirror,” Opt. Lett. 14(15), 811–813 (1989).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

L. F. Mollenauer, R. H. Stolen, J. P. Gordon, and W. J. Tomlinson, “Extreme picosecond pulse narrowing by means of soliton effect in single-mode optical fibers,” Opt. Lett. 8(5), 289–291 (1983).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

F. Mollenauer, R. H. Stolen, and J. P. Gordon, “Experimental observation of picosecond pulse narrowing and soliton in optical fiber,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 45(13), 1095–1098 (1980).
[CrossRef]

Sucha, G.

M. N. Islam, G. Sucha, I. Bar-Joseph, M. Wegener, J. P. Gordon, and D. S. Chemla, “Femtosecond distributed soliton spectrum in fibers,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 6(6), 1149–1158 (1989).
[CrossRef]

Sunderman, E. R.

M. N. Islam, E. R. Sunderman, R. H. Stolen, W. Pleibel, and J. R. Simpson, “Soliton switching in a fiber nonlinear loop mirror,” Opt. Lett. 14(15), 811–813 (1989).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Szarniak, P.

P. Podlipensky, P. Szarniak, N. Y. Joly, and P. S. Russell, “Anomalous pulse breakup in small-core photonic crystal fibers,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 25(12), 2049–2056 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Tai, K.

K. Tai, A. Hasegawa, and N. Bekki, “Fission of optical solitons induced by stimulated Raman effect,” Opt. Lett. 13(5), 392–394 (1988).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Taylor, J. R.

A. S. Gouveia-Neto, M. E. Faldon, and J. R. Taylor, “Raman amplification of modulational instability and solitary-wave formation,” Opt. Lett. 13(11), 1029–1031 (1988).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

A. S. Gouveia-Neto, A. S. L. Gomes, and J. R. Taylor, “Generation of 33-fsec pulses at 132 µm through a high-order soliton effect in a single-mode optical fiber,” Opt. Lett. 12(6), 395–397 (1987).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Tomlinson, W. J.

L. F. Mollenauer, R. H. Stolen, J. P. Gordon, and W. J. Tomlinson, “Extreme picosecond pulse narrowing by means of soliton effect in single-mode optical fibers,” Opt. Lett. 8(5), 289–291 (1983).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Ulrich, R.

R. Ulrich and A. Simon, “Polarization optics of twisted single-mode fibers,” Appl. Opt. 18(13), 2241–2251 (1979).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Wadsworth, W. J.

T. A. Birks, W. J. Wadsworth, and P. St. J. Russell, “Supercontinuum generation in tapered fibers,” Opt. Lett. 25(19), 1415–1417 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Weber, H. P.

P. Beaud, W. Hodel, B. Zysset, and H. P. Weber, “Ultrashort pulse propagation, pulse breakup, and fundamental soliton formation in a single-mode optical fiber,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. QE-23(11), 1938–1946 (1987).
[CrossRef]

Wegener, M.

M. N. Islam, G. Sucha, I. Bar-Joseph, M. Wegener, J. P. Gordon, and D. S. Chemla, “Femtosecond distributed soliton spectrum in fibers,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 6(6), 1149–1158 (1989).
[CrossRef]

Wigley, P. G. J.

K. Smith, N. J. Doran, and P. G. J. Wigley, “Pulse shaping, compression, and pedestal suppression employing a nonlinear-optical loop mirror,” Opt. Lett. 15(22), 1294–1296 (1990).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Windeler, R. S.

J. M. Dudley, L. Provino, N. Grossard, H. Maillotte, R. S. Windeler, B. J. Eggleton, and S. Coen, “Supercontinuum generation in air–silica microstructured fibers with nanosecond and femtosecond pulse pumping,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 19(4), 765–771 (2002).
[CrossRef]

J. K. Ranka, R. S. Windeler, and A. J. Stentz, “Visible continuum generation in air-silica microstructure optical fibers with anomalous dispersion at 800 nm,” Opt. Lett. 25(1), 25–27 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Yajima, N.

J. Satsuma and N. Yajima, “Initial value problems of one dimensional self-modulation of nonlinear waves in dispersive media,” Suppl. Prog. Theor. Phys. 55, 284–306 (1974).
[CrossRef]

Young, J. F.

M. G. Banaee and J. F. Young, “High-order soliton breakup and soliton self-frequency shifts in a microstructured optical fiber,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 23(7), 1484–1489 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Zaca-Morán, P.

B. Ibarra-Escamilla, E. A. Kuzin, P. Zaca-Morán, R. Grajales-Coutiño, F. Mendez-Martinez, O. Pottiez, R. Rojas-Laguna, and J. W. Haus, “Experimental investigation of the nonlinear optical loop mirror with twisted fiber and birefringence bias,” Opt. Express 13(26), 10760–10767 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Zakharov, V. E.

V. E. Zakharov and A. B. Shabat, “Exact theory of twodimensional self-focusing and one-dimensional selfmodulation of waves in nonlinear media,” Sov. Phys. JETP 61, 62–69 (1972).

Zysset, B.

P. Beaud, W. Hodel, B. Zysset, and H. P. Weber, “Ultrashort pulse propagation, pulse breakup, and fundamental soliton formation in a single-mode optical fiber,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. QE-23(11), 1938–1946 (1987).
[CrossRef]

Appl. Opt. (1)

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Figures (7)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1

Experimental setup used for the investigation of the soliton extraction.

Fig. 2
Fig. 2

NOLM transmission considering different amplification values of the EDFA-2.

Fig. 3
Fig. 3

Autocorrelation traces (blue line) at the Fiber 1 output at pump powers of: (a) 5 W, (b) 9 W, and (c) 20 W. The red line corresponds to the autocorrelation function of the input pulse.

Fig. 4
Fig. 4

Autocorrelation traces at the NOLM output at different amplifications of the EDFA-2.

Fig. 5
Fig. 5

Autocorrelation traces at the NOLM output corresponding to the cases shown in Fig. 3(a), Fig. 3(b), and Fig. 3(c) respectively.

Fig. 6
Fig. 6

(a) Nonlinear NOLM transmission considering two different angles of the QWR1; Autocorrelation traces at the NOLM output considering a QWR1 angle of 10 degrees with respect to the angle of zero low-power transmission for the cases discussed in Fig. 5(b) and Fig. 5(c) respectively.

Fig. 7
Fig. 7

Autocorrelation trace at the output of the 1 Km fiber.

Equations (2)

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A + z = Δ β 2 A + T + i β 2 2 2 A + T 2 + i 2 3 γ ( | A + | 2 + 2 | A | 2 ) A + ,
A z = Δ β 2 A T + i β 2 2 2 A T 2 + i 2 3 γ ( | A | 2 + 2 | A + | 2 ) A ,

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