Abstract

We demonstrate the extraction of a single soliton from a bunch of solitons generated by the pulse breakup effect. The bunch of solitons was generated in a 500-m fiber pumped by 25-ps pulses. For the extraction of single soliton from the bunch we use a nonlinear optical loop mirror (NOLM). At its output we detected a pulse with full width at half-maximum (FWHM) of 0.99 ps whose autocorrelation trace corresponds to that of a soliton. Our results demonstrate that the suggested method can be useful for soliton generation, and also for investigations of the initial stage of the soliton formation process.

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    [Crossref]
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    [Crossref] [PubMed]
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    [Crossref] [PubMed]
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    [Crossref]
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    [Crossref] [PubMed]
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    [Crossref]

2009 (2)

M. Bello-Jiménez, E. A. Kuzin, O. Pottiez, B. Ibarra-Escamilla, A. Flores-Rosas, and M. Durán-Sánchez, “Soliton extraction from a bunch of solitons resulting from pulse breakup by using a nonlinear optical loop mirror,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 26(7), 1456–1462 (2009).
[Crossref]

B. Ibarra-Escamilla, O. Pottiez, E. A. Kuzin, M. Duran-Sanchez, and J. W. Haus, “All-fiber passive mode-locked laser to generate ps pulses based in a symmetrical NOLM,” Laser Phys. 19(2), 368–370 (2009).
[Crossref]

2008 (2)

2007 (2)

C.-J. Rosenberg, D. Anderson, M. Desaix, P. Johannisson, and M. Lisak, “Evolution of optical pulses toward wave breaking in highly nonlinear fibers,” Opt. Commun. 273(1), 272–277 (2007).
[Crossref]

O. Pottiez, B. Ibarra-Escamilla, and E. A. Kuzin, “High-quality amplitude jitter reduction and extinction enhancement using a power-symmetric NOLM and a polarizer,” Opt. Express 15(5), 2564–2572 (2007).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

2006 (2)

2005 (3)

2002 (1)

2001 (1)

2000 (2)

1999 (1)

1995 (1)

1992 (1)

1990 (1)

1989 (3)

1988 (2)

1987 (2)

P. Beaud, W. Hodel, B. Zysset, and H. P. Weber, “Ultrashort pulse propagation, pulse breakup, and fundamental soliton formation in a single-mode optical fiber,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. QE-23(11), 1938–1946 (1987).
[Crossref]

A. S. Gouveia-Neto, A. S. L. Gomes, and J. R. Taylor, “Generation of 33-fsec pulses at 132 µm through a high-order soliton effect in a single-mode optical fiber,” Opt. Lett. 12(6), 395–397 (1987).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

1986 (2)

1983 (1)

1982 (1)

D. N. Payne, A. J. Barlow, and J. Hansen, “Development of low- and high-birefringence optical fibers,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. QE-18(4), 477–488 (1982).
[Crossref]

1980 (2)

F. Mollenauer, R. H. Stolen, and J. P. Gordon, “Experimental observation of picosecond pulse narrowing and soliton in optical fiber,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 45(13), 1095–1098 (1980).
[Crossref]

Hasegava and W. F. Brinkman, “Tunable coherent IR and FIR sources utilizing modulational instability,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. QE-16, 694–697 (1980).
[Crossref]

1979 (1)

1974 (1)

J. Satsuma and N. Yajima, “Initial value problems of one dimensional self-modulation of nonlinear waves in dispersive media,” Suppl. Prog. Theor. Phys. 55, 284–306 (1974).
[Crossref]

1972 (1)

V. E. Zakharov and A. B. Shabat, “Exact theory of twodimensional self-focusing and one-dimensional selfmodulation of waves in nonlinear media,” Sov. Phys. JETP 61, 62–69 (1972).

Abeeluck, A. K.

Anderson, D.

C.-J. Rosenberg, D. Anderson, M. Desaix, P. Johannisson, and M. Lisak, “Evolution of optical pulses toward wave breaking in highly nonlinear fibers,” Opt. Commun. 273(1), 272–277 (2007).
[Crossref]

Banaee, M. G.

Barad, Y.

Bar-Joseph, I.

Barlow, A. J.

D. N. Payne, A. J. Barlow, and J. Hansen, “Development of low- and high-birefringence optical fibers,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. QE-18(4), 477–488 (1982).
[Crossref]

Beaud, P.

P. Beaud, W. Hodel, B. Zysset, and H. P. Weber, “Ultrashort pulse propagation, pulse breakup, and fundamental soliton formation in a single-mode optical fiber,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. QE-23(11), 1938–1946 (1987).
[Crossref]

Bekki, N.

Bello-Jiménez, M.

Bergman, K.

Birks, T. A.

Blow, K. J.

Brinkman, W. F.

Hasegava and W. F. Brinkman, “Tunable coherent IR and FIR sources utilizing modulational instability,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. QE-16, 694–697 (1980).
[Crossref]

Bronski, J. C.

Chavez-Cerda, S.

Chemla, D. S.

Coen, S.

Delong, K. W.

Desaix, M.

C.-J. Rosenberg, D. Anderson, M. Desaix, P. Johannisson, and M. Lisak, “Evolution of optical pulses toward wave breaking in highly nonlinear fibers,” Opt. Commun. 273(1), 272–277 (2007).
[Crossref]

Doran, N. J.

Dudley, J. M.

Duran-Sanchez, M.

B. Ibarra-Escamilla, O. Pottiez, E. A. Kuzin, M. Duran-Sanchez, and J. W. Haus, “All-fiber passive mode-locked laser to generate ps pulses based in a symmetrical NOLM,” Laser Phys. 19(2), 368–370 (2009).
[Crossref]

Durán-Sánchez, M.

Eggleton, B. J.

Estudillo Ayala, J. M.

Faldon, M. E.

Flores-Rosas, A.

Friberg, S. R.

Gomes, A. S. L.

Gordon, J. P.

Gouveia-Neto, A. S.

Grajales-Coutiño, R.

Grossard, N.

Gutierrez-Gutierrez, J.

Hansen, J.

D. N. Payne, A. J. Barlow, and J. Hansen, “Development of low- and high-birefringence optical fibers,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. QE-18(4), 477–488 (1982).
[Crossref]

Hasegava,

Hasegava and W. F. Brinkman, “Tunable coherent IR and FIR sources utilizing modulational instability,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. QE-16, 694–697 (1980).
[Crossref]

Hasegawa, A.

Haus, J. W.

Headley, C.

Hodel, W.

P. Beaud, W. Hodel, B. Zysset, and H. P. Weber, “Ultrashort pulse propagation, pulse breakup, and fundamental soliton formation in a single-mode optical fiber,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. QE-23(11), 1938–1946 (1987).
[Crossref]

Ibarra Escamilla, B.

Ibarra-Escamilla, B.

B. Ibarra-Escamilla, O. Pottiez, E. A. Kuzin, M. Duran-Sanchez, and J. W. Haus, “All-fiber passive mode-locked laser to generate ps pulses based in a symmetrical NOLM,” Laser Phys. 19(2), 368–370 (2009).
[Crossref]

M. Bello-Jiménez, E. A. Kuzin, O. Pottiez, B. Ibarra-Escamilla, A. Flores-Rosas, and M. Durán-Sánchez, “Soliton extraction from a bunch of solitons resulting from pulse breakup by using a nonlinear optical loop mirror,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 26(7), 1456–1462 (2009).
[Crossref]

N. Korneev, E. A. Kuzin, B. Ibarra-Escamilla, M. Bello-Jiménez, and A. Flores-Rosas, “Initial development of supercontinuum in fibers with anomalous dispersion pumped by nanosecond-long pulses,” Opt. Express 16(4), 2636–2645 (2008).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

O. Pottiez, B. Ibarra-Escamilla, and E. A. Kuzin, “High-quality amplitude jitter reduction and extinction enhancement using a power-symmetric NOLM and a polarizer,” Opt. Express 15(5), 2564–2572 (2007).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

S. Mendoza-Vazquez, E. A. Kuzin, S. Chavez-Cerda, B. Ibarra-Escamilla, J. Gutierrez-Gutierrez, J. W. Haus, and R. Rojas-Laguna, “Pulse breakup and Raman-shifted solitons in a standard fiber with subnanosecond pumping in the presence of noise,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 23(11), 2336–2341 (2006).
[Crossref]

B. Ibarra-Escamilla, E. A. Kuzin, P. Zaca-Morán, R. Grajales-Coutiño, F. Mendez-Martinez, O. Pottiez, R. Rojas-Laguna, and J. W. Haus, “Experimental investigation of the nonlinear optical loop mirror with twisted fiber and birefringence bias,” Opt. Express 13(26), 10760–10767 (2005).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

O. Pottiez, E. A. Kuzin, B. Ibarra-Escamilla, and F. Méndez-Martínez, “Theoretical investigation of the NOLM with highly twisted fibre and a λ/4 birefringence bias,” Opt. Commun. 254(1-3), 152–167 (2005).
[Crossref]

Islam, M. N.

Johannisson, P.

C.-J. Rosenberg, D. Anderson, M. Desaix, P. Johannisson, and M. Lisak, “Evolution of optical pulses toward wave breaking in highly nonlinear fibers,” Opt. Commun. 273(1), 272–277 (2007).
[Crossref]

Joly, N. Y.

Korneev, N.

Krylov, D.

Kutz, J. N.

Kuzin, E. A.

M. Bello-Jiménez, E. A. Kuzin, O. Pottiez, B. Ibarra-Escamilla, A. Flores-Rosas, and M. Durán-Sánchez, “Soliton extraction from a bunch of solitons resulting from pulse breakup by using a nonlinear optical loop mirror,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 26(7), 1456–1462 (2009).
[Crossref]

B. Ibarra-Escamilla, O. Pottiez, E. A. Kuzin, M. Duran-Sanchez, and J. W. Haus, “All-fiber passive mode-locked laser to generate ps pulses based in a symmetrical NOLM,” Laser Phys. 19(2), 368–370 (2009).
[Crossref]

N. Korneev, E. A. Kuzin, B. Ibarra-Escamilla, M. Bello-Jiménez, and A. Flores-Rosas, “Initial development of supercontinuum in fibers with anomalous dispersion pumped by nanosecond-long pulses,” Opt. Express 16(4), 2636–2645 (2008).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

O. Pottiez, B. Ibarra-Escamilla, and E. A. Kuzin, “High-quality amplitude jitter reduction and extinction enhancement using a power-symmetric NOLM and a polarizer,” Opt. Express 15(5), 2564–2572 (2007).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

S. Mendoza-Vazquez, E. A. Kuzin, S. Chavez-Cerda, B. Ibarra-Escamilla, J. Gutierrez-Gutierrez, J. W. Haus, and R. Rojas-Laguna, “Pulse breakup and Raman-shifted solitons in a standard fiber with subnanosecond pumping in the presence of noise,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 23(11), 2336–2341 (2006).
[Crossref]

B. Ibarra-Escamilla, E. A. Kuzin, P. Zaca-Morán, R. Grajales-Coutiño, F. Mendez-Martinez, O. Pottiez, R. Rojas-Laguna, and J. W. Haus, “Experimental investigation of the nonlinear optical loop mirror with twisted fiber and birefringence bias,” Opt. Express 13(26), 10760–10767 (2005).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

O. Pottiez, E. A. Kuzin, B. Ibarra-Escamilla, and F. Méndez-Martínez, “Theoretical investigation of the NOLM with highly twisted fibre and a λ/4 birefringence bias,” Opt. Commun. 254(1-3), 152–167 (2005).
[Crossref]

E. A. Kuzin, J. M. Estudillo Ayala, B. Ibarra Escamilla, and J. W. Haus, “Measurements of beat length in short low-birefringence fibers,” Opt. Lett. 26(15), 1134–1136 (2001).
[Crossref]

Leng, L.

Lisak, M.

C.-J. Rosenberg, D. Anderson, M. Desaix, P. Johannisson, and M. Lisak, “Evolution of optical pulses toward wave breaking in highly nonlinear fibers,” Opt. Commun. 273(1), 272–277 (2007).
[Crossref]

Maillotte, H.

Mendez-Martinez, F.

Méndez-Martínez, F.

O. Pottiez, E. A. Kuzin, B. Ibarra-Escamilla, and F. Méndez-Martínez, “Theoretical investigation of the NOLM with highly twisted fibre and a λ/4 birefringence bias,” Opt. Commun. 254(1-3), 152–167 (2005).
[Crossref]

Mendoza-Vazquez, S.

Mitschke, F. M.

Mollenauer, F.

F. Mollenauer, R. H. Stolen, and J. P. Gordon, “Experimental observation of picosecond pulse narrowing and soliton in optical fiber,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 45(13), 1095–1098 (1980).
[Crossref]

Mollenauer, L. F.

Nayar, B. K.

Payne, D. N.

D. N. Payne, A. J. Barlow, and J. Hansen, “Development of low- and high-birefringence optical fibers,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. QE-18(4), 477–488 (1982).
[Crossref]

Pleibel, W.

Podlipensky, P.

Pottiez, O.

Provino, L.

Ranka, J. K.

Rojas-Laguna, R.

Rosenberg, C.-J.

C.-J. Rosenberg, D. Anderson, M. Desaix, P. Johannisson, and M. Lisak, “Evolution of optical pulses toward wave breaking in highly nonlinear fibers,” Opt. Commun. 273(1), 272–277 (2007).
[Crossref]

Russell, P. S.

Russell, P. St. J.

Satsuma, J.

J. Satsuma and N. Yajima, “Initial value problems of one dimensional self-modulation of nonlinear waves in dispersive media,” Suppl. Prog. Theor. Phys. 55, 284–306 (1974).
[Crossref]

Shabat, A. B.

V. E. Zakharov and A. B. Shabat, “Exact theory of twodimensional self-focusing and one-dimensional selfmodulation of waves in nonlinear media,” Sov. Phys. JETP 61, 62–69 (1972).

Silberberg, Y.

Simon, A.

Simpson, J. R.

Smith, K.

Stentz, A. J.

Stolen, R. H.

Sucha, G.

Sunderman, E. R.

Szarniak, P.

Tai, K.

Taylor, J. R.

Tomlinson, W. J.

Ulrich, R.

Wadsworth, W. J.

Weber, H. P.

P. Beaud, W. Hodel, B. Zysset, and H. P. Weber, “Ultrashort pulse propagation, pulse breakup, and fundamental soliton formation in a single-mode optical fiber,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. QE-23(11), 1938–1946 (1987).
[Crossref]

Wegener, M.

Wigley, P. G. J.

Windeler, R. S.

Yajima, N.

J. Satsuma and N. Yajima, “Initial value problems of one dimensional self-modulation of nonlinear waves in dispersive media,” Suppl. Prog. Theor. Phys. 55, 284–306 (1974).
[Crossref]

Young, J. F.

Zaca-Morán, P.

Zakharov, V. E.

V. E. Zakharov and A. B. Shabat, “Exact theory of twodimensional self-focusing and one-dimensional selfmodulation of waves in nonlinear media,” Sov. Phys. JETP 61, 62–69 (1972).

Zysset, B.

P. Beaud, W. Hodel, B. Zysset, and H. P. Weber, “Ultrashort pulse propagation, pulse breakup, and fundamental soliton formation in a single-mode optical fiber,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. QE-23(11), 1938–1946 (1987).
[Crossref]

Appl. Opt. (1)

IEEE J. Quantum Electron. (3)

D. N. Payne, A. J. Barlow, and J. Hansen, “Development of low- and high-birefringence optical fibers,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. QE-18(4), 477–488 (1982).
[Crossref]

P. Beaud, W. Hodel, B. Zysset, and H. P. Weber, “Ultrashort pulse propagation, pulse breakup, and fundamental soliton formation in a single-mode optical fiber,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. QE-23(11), 1938–1946 (1987).
[Crossref]

Hasegava and W. F. Brinkman, “Tunable coherent IR and FIR sources utilizing modulational instability,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. QE-16, 694–697 (1980).
[Crossref]

J. Opt. Soc. Am. B (6)

Laser Phys. (1)

B. Ibarra-Escamilla, O. Pottiez, E. A. Kuzin, M. Duran-Sanchez, and J. W. Haus, “All-fiber passive mode-locked laser to generate ps pulses based in a symmetrical NOLM,” Laser Phys. 19(2), 368–370 (2009).
[Crossref]

Opt. Commun. (2)

O. Pottiez, E. A. Kuzin, B. Ibarra-Escamilla, and F. Méndez-Martínez, “Theoretical investigation of the NOLM with highly twisted fibre and a λ/4 birefringence bias,” Opt. Commun. 254(1-3), 152–167 (2005).
[Crossref]

C.-J. Rosenberg, D. Anderson, M. Desaix, P. Johannisson, and M. Lisak, “Evolution of optical pulses toward wave breaking in highly nonlinear fibers,” Opt. Commun. 273(1), 272–277 (2007).
[Crossref]

Opt. Express (3)

Opt. Lett. (16)

A. K. Abeeluck and C. Headley, “Continuous-wave pumping in the anomalous- and normal-dispersion regimes of nonlinear fibers for supercontinuum generation,” Opt. Lett. 30(1), 61–63 (2005).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

K. J. Blow, N. J. Doran, and B. K. Nayar, “Experimental demonstration of optical soliton switching in an all-fiber nonlinear Sagnac interferometer,” Opt. Lett. 14(14), 754–756 (1989).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

M. N. Islam, E. R. Sunderman, R. H. Stolen, W. Pleibel, and J. R. Simpson, “Soliton switching in a fiber nonlinear loop mirror,” Opt. Lett. 14(15), 811–813 (1989).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

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[Crossref]

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Sov. Phys. JETP (1)

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Other (1)

G. P. Agrawal, Nonlinear Fiber Optics (Academic, San Diego, Ca., 2001).

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Figures (7)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1

Experimental setup used for the investigation of the soliton extraction.

Fig. 2
Fig. 2

NOLM transmission considering different amplification values of the EDFA-2.

Fig. 3
Fig. 3

Autocorrelation traces (blue line) at the Fiber 1 output at pump powers of: (a) 5 W, (b) 9 W, and (c) 20 W. The red line corresponds to the autocorrelation function of the input pulse.

Fig. 4
Fig. 4

Autocorrelation traces at the NOLM output at different amplifications of the EDFA-2.

Fig. 5
Fig. 5

Autocorrelation traces at the NOLM output corresponding to the cases shown in Fig. 3(a), Fig. 3(b), and Fig. 3(c) respectively.

Fig. 6
Fig. 6

(a) Nonlinear NOLM transmission considering two different angles of the QWR1; Autocorrelation traces at the NOLM output considering a QWR1 angle of 10 degrees with respect to the angle of zero low-power transmission for the cases discussed in Fig. 5(b) and Fig. 5(c) respectively.

Fig. 7
Fig. 7

Autocorrelation trace at the output of the 1 Km fiber.

Equations (2)

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A + z = Δ β 2 A + T + i β 2 2 2 A + T 2 + i 2 3 γ ( | A + | 2 + 2 | A | 2 ) A + ,
A z = Δ β 2 A T + i β 2 2 2 A T 2 + i 2 3 γ ( | A | 2 + 2 | A + | 2 ) A ,

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