Abstract

We present an ultra-compact comb filter using an add-drop ring resonator with an Archimedean spiral cavity. The cavity consists of two interleaved spiral branches which are connected in the center using arcs of circle of a radius that causes minimum bend loss. We describe the design procedure and examine the physical parameters governing the resonator performance. As an example, we demonstrate experimentally a comb filter with a 25 GHz channel spacing made of silicon photonic wires and only occupies an area of 80 × 90 µm2, approximately a 70 fold size reduction compared to a racetrack resonator. The filter transmission is free of spurious reflections, attesting to the smooth transition between different sections of the resonator cavity. Over a 40 channel wavelength span, the filter exhibits a quality factor Q > 35,000, extinction ratios > 10 dB, and an excellent power uniformity with variations < 0.5 dB for both the through and drop ports.

© 2010 OSA

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    [CrossRef]
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    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  3. Q. Wu, H. Chan, P. Chu, C. Yu, and D. Hand, “Compact tunable three-dimensional polymer optical waveguide comb filter,” Opt. Commun. 277(1), 89–92 (2007).
    [CrossRef]
  4. J. Berthold, A. Saleh, L. Blair, and J. Simmons, “Optical networking: Past, present, and future,” J. Lightwave Technol. 26(9), 1104–1118 (2008).
    [CrossRef]
  5. R. Beausoleil, P. Kuekes, G. Snider, S. Wang, and R. Williams, “Nanoelectronic and nanophotonic interconnect,” Proc. IEEE 96(2), 230–247 (2008).
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    [CrossRef]
  8. P. Dong, S. F. Preble, and M. Lipson, “All-optical compact silicon comb switch,” Opt. Express 15(15), 9600–9605 (2007).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  9. D. Wang, F. Tong, X. Fang, W. Jin, P. Wai, and J. Gong, “Multiwavelength erbium-doped fiber ring laser source with a hybrid gain medium,” Opt. Commun. 228(4-6), 295–301 (2003).
    [CrossRef]
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    [CrossRef]
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    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
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    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
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    [CrossRef]
  14. D. Rezzonico, A. Guarino, C. Herzog, M. Jazbinsek, and P. Gunter, “High-finesse laterally coupled organic-inorganic hybrid polymer microring resonators for VLSI photonics,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 18(7), 865–867 (2006).
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    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  17. W. R. McKinnon, D.-X. Xu, C. Storey, E. Post, A. Densmore, A. Delâge, P. Waldron, J. H. Schmid, and S. Janz, “Extracting coupling and loss coefficientsfrom a ring resonator,” Opt. Express 17(21), 18971–18982 (2009).
    [CrossRef]

2009 (2)

A. Densmore, S. Janz, R. Ma, J. H. Schmid, D. X. Xu, A. Delâge, J. Lapointe, M. Vachon, and P. Cheben, “Compact and low power thermo-optic switch using folded silicon waveguides,” Opt. Express 17(13), 10457–10465 (2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

W. R. McKinnon, D.-X. Xu, C. Storey, E. Post, A. Densmore, A. Delâge, P. Waldron, J. H. Schmid, and S. Janz, “Extracting coupling and loss coefficientsfrom a ring resonator,” Opt. Express 17(21), 18971–18982 (2009).
[CrossRef]

2008 (6)

D.-X. Xu, A. Densmore, A. Delâge, P. Waldron, R. McKinnon, S. Janz, J. Lapointe, G. Lopinski, T. Mischki, E. Post, P. Cheben, and J. H. Schmid, “Folded cavity SOI microring sensors for high sensitivity and real time measurement of biomolecular binding,” Opt. Express 16(19), 15137–15148 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

W. Tomlinson, “Evolution of passive optical component technologies for fiber-optic communication systems,” J. Lightwave Technol. 26(9), 1046–1063 (2008).
[CrossRef]

G. Sun, D. S. Moon, A. Lin, W. T. Han, and Y. Chung, “Tunable multiwavelength fiber laser using a comb filter based on erbium-ytterbium co-doped polarization maintaining fiber loop mirror,” Opt. Express 16(6), 3652–3658 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

J. Berthold, A. Saleh, L. Blair, and J. Simmons, “Optical networking: Past, present, and future,” J. Lightwave Technol. 26(9), 1104–1118 (2008).
[CrossRef]

R. Beausoleil, P. Kuekes, G. Snider, S. Wang, and R. Williams, “Nanoelectronic and nanophotonic interconnect,” Proc. IEEE 96(2), 230–247 (2008).
[CrossRef]

B. Lee, A. Biberman, P. Dong, M. Lipson, and K. Bergman, “All-optical comb switch for multiwavelength message routing in silicon photonic networks,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 20(10), 767–769 (2008).
[CrossRef]

2007 (3)

P. Dong, S. F. Preble, and M. Lipson, “All-optical compact silicon comb switch,” Opt. Express 15(15), 9600–9605 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Q. Wu, H. Chan, P. Chu, C. Yu, and D. Hand, “Compact tunable three-dimensional polymer optical waveguide comb filter,” Opt. Commun. 277(1), 89–92 (2007).
[CrossRef]

D.-X. Xu, A. Densmore, P. Waldron, J. Lapointe, E. Post, A. Delâge, S. Janz, P. Cheben, J. H. Schmid, and B. Lamontagne, “High bandwidth SOI photonic wire ring resonators using MMI couplers,” Opt. Express 15(6), 3149–3155 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

2006 (1)

D. Rezzonico, A. Guarino, C. Herzog, M. Jazbinsek, and P. Gunter, “High-finesse laterally coupled organic-inorganic hybrid polymer microring resonators for VLSI photonics,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 18(7), 865–867 (2006).
[CrossRef]

2005 (1)

S. Bidnyk, A. Balakrishnan, A. Delage, P. A. Mae Gao, P. Krug, Muthukumaran, and M. Pearson, “Planar comb filters based on aberration-free elliptical grating facets,” J. Lightwave Technol. 23(3), 1239–1243 (2005).
[CrossRef]

2003 (1)

D. Wang, F. Tong, X. Fang, W. Jin, P. Wai, and J. Gong, “Multiwavelength erbium-doped fiber ring laser source with a hybrid gain medium,” Opt. Commun. 228(4-6), 295–301 (2003).
[CrossRef]

1999 (1)

S. Chu, B. Little, W. Pan, T. Kaneko, S. Sato, and Y. Kokubun, “An eight-channel add-drop filter using vertically coupled microring resonators over a cross grid,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 11(6), 691–693 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Balakrishnan, A.

S. Bidnyk, A. Balakrishnan, A. Delage, P. A. Mae Gao, P. Krug, Muthukumaran, and M. Pearson, “Planar comb filters based on aberration-free elliptical grating facets,” J. Lightwave Technol. 23(3), 1239–1243 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Beausoleil, R.

R. Beausoleil, P. Kuekes, G. Snider, S. Wang, and R. Williams, “Nanoelectronic and nanophotonic interconnect,” Proc. IEEE 96(2), 230–247 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Bergman, K.

B. Lee, A. Biberman, P. Dong, M. Lipson, and K. Bergman, “All-optical comb switch for multiwavelength message routing in silicon photonic networks,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 20(10), 767–769 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Berthold, J.

J. Berthold, A. Saleh, L. Blair, and J. Simmons, “Optical networking: Past, present, and future,” J. Lightwave Technol. 26(9), 1104–1118 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Biberman, A.

B. Lee, A. Biberman, P. Dong, M. Lipson, and K. Bergman, “All-optical comb switch for multiwavelength message routing in silicon photonic networks,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 20(10), 767–769 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Bidnyk, S.

S. Bidnyk, A. Balakrishnan, A. Delage, P. A. Mae Gao, P. Krug, Muthukumaran, and M. Pearson, “Planar comb filters based on aberration-free elliptical grating facets,” J. Lightwave Technol. 23(3), 1239–1243 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Blair, L.

J. Berthold, A. Saleh, L. Blair, and J. Simmons, “Optical networking: Past, present, and future,” J. Lightwave Technol. 26(9), 1104–1118 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Chan, H.

Q. Wu, H. Chan, P. Chu, C. Yu, and D. Hand, “Compact tunable three-dimensional polymer optical waveguide comb filter,” Opt. Commun. 277(1), 89–92 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Cheben, P.

A. Densmore, S. Janz, R. Ma, J. H. Schmid, D. X. Xu, A. Delâge, J. Lapointe, M. Vachon, and P. Cheben, “Compact and low power thermo-optic switch using folded silicon waveguides,” Opt. Express 17(13), 10457–10465 (2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

D.-X. Xu, A. Densmore, A. Delâge, P. Waldron, R. McKinnon, S. Janz, J. Lapointe, G. Lopinski, T. Mischki, E. Post, P. Cheben, and J. H. Schmid, “Folded cavity SOI microring sensors for high sensitivity and real time measurement of biomolecular binding,” Opt. Express 16(19), 15137–15148 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

D.-X. Xu, A. Densmore, P. Waldron, J. Lapointe, E. Post, A. Delâge, S. Janz, P. Cheben, J. H. Schmid, and B. Lamontagne, “High bandwidth SOI photonic wire ring resonators using MMI couplers,” Opt. Express 15(6), 3149–3155 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Chu, P.

Q. Wu, H. Chan, P. Chu, C. Yu, and D. Hand, “Compact tunable three-dimensional polymer optical waveguide comb filter,” Opt. Commun. 277(1), 89–92 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Chu, S.

S. Chu, B. Little, W. Pan, T. Kaneko, S. Sato, and Y. Kokubun, “An eight-channel add-drop filter using vertically coupled microring resonators over a cross grid,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 11(6), 691–693 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Chung, Y.

G. Sun, D. S. Moon, A. Lin, W. T. Han, and Y. Chung, “Tunable multiwavelength fiber laser using a comb filter based on erbium-ytterbium co-doped polarization maintaining fiber loop mirror,” Opt. Express 16(6), 3652–3658 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Delage, A.

S. Bidnyk, A. Balakrishnan, A. Delage, P. A. Mae Gao, P. Krug, Muthukumaran, and M. Pearson, “Planar comb filters based on aberration-free elliptical grating facets,” J. Lightwave Technol. 23(3), 1239–1243 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Delâge, A.

A. Densmore, S. Janz, R. Ma, J. H. Schmid, D. X. Xu, A. Delâge, J. Lapointe, M. Vachon, and P. Cheben, “Compact and low power thermo-optic switch using folded silicon waveguides,” Opt. Express 17(13), 10457–10465 (2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

W. R. McKinnon, D.-X. Xu, C. Storey, E. Post, A. Densmore, A. Delâge, P. Waldron, J. H. Schmid, and S. Janz, “Extracting coupling and loss coefficientsfrom a ring resonator,” Opt. Express 17(21), 18971–18982 (2009).
[CrossRef]

D.-X. Xu, A. Densmore, A. Delâge, P. Waldron, R. McKinnon, S. Janz, J. Lapointe, G. Lopinski, T. Mischki, E. Post, P. Cheben, and J. H. Schmid, “Folded cavity SOI microring sensors for high sensitivity and real time measurement of biomolecular binding,” Opt. Express 16(19), 15137–15148 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

D.-X. Xu, A. Densmore, P. Waldron, J. Lapointe, E. Post, A. Delâge, S. Janz, P. Cheben, J. H. Schmid, and B. Lamontagne, “High bandwidth SOI photonic wire ring resonators using MMI couplers,” Opt. Express 15(6), 3149–3155 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Densmore, A.

W. R. McKinnon, D.-X. Xu, C. Storey, E. Post, A. Densmore, A. Delâge, P. Waldron, J. H. Schmid, and S. Janz, “Extracting coupling and loss coefficientsfrom a ring resonator,” Opt. Express 17(21), 18971–18982 (2009).
[CrossRef]

A. Densmore, S. Janz, R. Ma, J. H. Schmid, D. X. Xu, A. Delâge, J. Lapointe, M. Vachon, and P. Cheben, “Compact and low power thermo-optic switch using folded silicon waveguides,” Opt. Express 17(13), 10457–10465 (2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

D.-X. Xu, A. Densmore, A. Delâge, P. Waldron, R. McKinnon, S. Janz, J. Lapointe, G. Lopinski, T. Mischki, E. Post, P. Cheben, and J. H. Schmid, “Folded cavity SOI microring sensors for high sensitivity and real time measurement of biomolecular binding,” Opt. Express 16(19), 15137–15148 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

D.-X. Xu, A. Densmore, P. Waldron, J. Lapointe, E. Post, A. Delâge, S. Janz, P. Cheben, J. H. Schmid, and B. Lamontagne, “High bandwidth SOI photonic wire ring resonators using MMI couplers,” Opt. Express 15(6), 3149–3155 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Dong, P.

B. Lee, A. Biberman, P. Dong, M. Lipson, and K. Bergman, “All-optical comb switch for multiwavelength message routing in silicon photonic networks,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 20(10), 767–769 (2008).
[CrossRef]

P. Dong, S. F. Preble, and M. Lipson, “All-optical compact silicon comb switch,” Opt. Express 15(15), 9600–9605 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Fang, X.

D. Wang, F. Tong, X. Fang, W. Jin, P. Wai, and J. Gong, “Multiwavelength erbium-doped fiber ring laser source with a hybrid gain medium,” Opt. Commun. 228(4-6), 295–301 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Gong, J.

D. Wang, F. Tong, X. Fang, W. Jin, P. Wai, and J. Gong, “Multiwavelength erbium-doped fiber ring laser source with a hybrid gain medium,” Opt. Commun. 228(4-6), 295–301 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Guarino, A.

D. Rezzonico, A. Guarino, C. Herzog, M. Jazbinsek, and P. Gunter, “High-finesse laterally coupled organic-inorganic hybrid polymer microring resonators for VLSI photonics,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 18(7), 865–867 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Gunter, P.

D. Rezzonico, A. Guarino, C. Herzog, M. Jazbinsek, and P. Gunter, “High-finesse laterally coupled organic-inorganic hybrid polymer microring resonators for VLSI photonics,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 18(7), 865–867 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Han, W. T.

G. Sun, D. S. Moon, A. Lin, W. T. Han, and Y. Chung, “Tunable multiwavelength fiber laser using a comb filter based on erbium-ytterbium co-doped polarization maintaining fiber loop mirror,” Opt. Express 16(6), 3652–3658 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Hand, D.

Q. Wu, H. Chan, P. Chu, C. Yu, and D. Hand, “Compact tunable three-dimensional polymer optical waveguide comb filter,” Opt. Commun. 277(1), 89–92 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Herzog, C.

D. Rezzonico, A. Guarino, C. Herzog, M. Jazbinsek, and P. Gunter, “High-finesse laterally coupled organic-inorganic hybrid polymer microring resonators for VLSI photonics,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 18(7), 865–867 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Janz, S.

A. Densmore, S. Janz, R. Ma, J. H. Schmid, D. X. Xu, A. Delâge, J. Lapointe, M. Vachon, and P. Cheben, “Compact and low power thermo-optic switch using folded silicon waveguides,” Opt. Express 17(13), 10457–10465 (2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

W. R. McKinnon, D.-X. Xu, C. Storey, E. Post, A. Densmore, A. Delâge, P. Waldron, J. H. Schmid, and S. Janz, “Extracting coupling and loss coefficientsfrom a ring resonator,” Opt. Express 17(21), 18971–18982 (2009).
[CrossRef]

D.-X. Xu, A. Densmore, A. Delâge, P. Waldron, R. McKinnon, S. Janz, J. Lapointe, G. Lopinski, T. Mischki, E. Post, P. Cheben, and J. H. Schmid, “Folded cavity SOI microring sensors for high sensitivity and real time measurement of biomolecular binding,” Opt. Express 16(19), 15137–15148 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

D.-X. Xu, A. Densmore, P. Waldron, J. Lapointe, E. Post, A. Delâge, S. Janz, P. Cheben, J. H. Schmid, and B. Lamontagne, “High bandwidth SOI photonic wire ring resonators using MMI couplers,” Opt. Express 15(6), 3149–3155 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Jazbinsek, M.

D. Rezzonico, A. Guarino, C. Herzog, M. Jazbinsek, and P. Gunter, “High-finesse laterally coupled organic-inorganic hybrid polymer microring resonators for VLSI photonics,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 18(7), 865–867 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Jin, W.

D. Wang, F. Tong, X. Fang, W. Jin, P. Wai, and J. Gong, “Multiwavelength erbium-doped fiber ring laser source with a hybrid gain medium,” Opt. Commun. 228(4-6), 295–301 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Kaneko, T.

S. Chu, B. Little, W. Pan, T. Kaneko, S. Sato, and Y. Kokubun, “An eight-channel add-drop filter using vertically coupled microring resonators over a cross grid,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 11(6), 691–693 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Kokubun, Y.

S. Chu, B. Little, W. Pan, T. Kaneko, S. Sato, and Y. Kokubun, “An eight-channel add-drop filter using vertically coupled microring resonators over a cross grid,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 11(6), 691–693 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Krug, P.

S. Bidnyk, A. Balakrishnan, A. Delage, P. A. Mae Gao, P. Krug, Muthukumaran, and M. Pearson, “Planar comb filters based on aberration-free elliptical grating facets,” J. Lightwave Technol. 23(3), 1239–1243 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Kuekes, P.

R. Beausoleil, P. Kuekes, G. Snider, S. Wang, and R. Williams, “Nanoelectronic and nanophotonic interconnect,” Proc. IEEE 96(2), 230–247 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Lamontagne, B.

D.-X. Xu, A. Densmore, P. Waldron, J. Lapointe, E. Post, A. Delâge, S. Janz, P. Cheben, J. H. Schmid, and B. Lamontagne, “High bandwidth SOI photonic wire ring resonators using MMI couplers,” Opt. Express 15(6), 3149–3155 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Lapointe, J.

A. Densmore, S. Janz, R. Ma, J. H. Schmid, D. X. Xu, A. Delâge, J. Lapointe, M. Vachon, and P. Cheben, “Compact and low power thermo-optic switch using folded silicon waveguides,” Opt. Express 17(13), 10457–10465 (2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

D.-X. Xu, A. Densmore, A. Delâge, P. Waldron, R. McKinnon, S. Janz, J. Lapointe, G. Lopinski, T. Mischki, E. Post, P. Cheben, and J. H. Schmid, “Folded cavity SOI microring sensors for high sensitivity and real time measurement of biomolecular binding,” Opt. Express 16(19), 15137–15148 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

D.-X. Xu, A. Densmore, P. Waldron, J. Lapointe, E. Post, A. Delâge, S. Janz, P. Cheben, J. H. Schmid, and B. Lamontagne, “High bandwidth SOI photonic wire ring resonators using MMI couplers,” Opt. Express 15(6), 3149–3155 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Lee, B.

B. Lee, A. Biberman, P. Dong, M. Lipson, and K. Bergman, “All-optical comb switch for multiwavelength message routing in silicon photonic networks,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 20(10), 767–769 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Lin, A.

G. Sun, D. S. Moon, A. Lin, W. T. Han, and Y. Chung, “Tunable multiwavelength fiber laser using a comb filter based on erbium-ytterbium co-doped polarization maintaining fiber loop mirror,” Opt. Express 16(6), 3652–3658 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Lipson, M.

B. Lee, A. Biberman, P. Dong, M. Lipson, and K. Bergman, “All-optical comb switch for multiwavelength message routing in silicon photonic networks,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 20(10), 767–769 (2008).
[CrossRef]

P. Dong, S. F. Preble, and M. Lipson, “All-optical compact silicon comb switch,” Opt. Express 15(15), 9600–9605 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Little, B.

S. Chu, B. Little, W. Pan, T. Kaneko, S. Sato, and Y. Kokubun, “An eight-channel add-drop filter using vertically coupled microring resonators over a cross grid,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 11(6), 691–693 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Lopinski, G.

D.-X. Xu, A. Densmore, A. Delâge, P. Waldron, R. McKinnon, S. Janz, J. Lapointe, G. Lopinski, T. Mischki, E. Post, P. Cheben, and J. H. Schmid, “Folded cavity SOI microring sensors for high sensitivity and real time measurement of biomolecular binding,” Opt. Express 16(19), 15137–15148 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Ma, R.

A. Densmore, S. Janz, R. Ma, J. H. Schmid, D. X. Xu, A. Delâge, J. Lapointe, M. Vachon, and P. Cheben, “Compact and low power thermo-optic switch using folded silicon waveguides,” Opt. Express 17(13), 10457–10465 (2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Mae Gao, P. A.

S. Bidnyk, A. Balakrishnan, A. Delage, P. A. Mae Gao, P. Krug, Muthukumaran, and M. Pearson, “Planar comb filters based on aberration-free elliptical grating facets,” J. Lightwave Technol. 23(3), 1239–1243 (2005).
[CrossRef]

McKinnon, R.

D.-X. Xu, A. Densmore, A. Delâge, P. Waldron, R. McKinnon, S. Janz, J. Lapointe, G. Lopinski, T. Mischki, E. Post, P. Cheben, and J. H. Schmid, “Folded cavity SOI microring sensors for high sensitivity and real time measurement of biomolecular binding,” Opt. Express 16(19), 15137–15148 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

McKinnon, W. R.

W. R. McKinnon, D.-X. Xu, C. Storey, E. Post, A. Densmore, A. Delâge, P. Waldron, J. H. Schmid, and S. Janz, “Extracting coupling and loss coefficientsfrom a ring resonator,” Opt. Express 17(21), 18971–18982 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Mischki, T.

D.-X. Xu, A. Densmore, A. Delâge, P. Waldron, R. McKinnon, S. Janz, J. Lapointe, G. Lopinski, T. Mischki, E. Post, P. Cheben, and J. H. Schmid, “Folded cavity SOI microring sensors for high sensitivity and real time measurement of biomolecular binding,” Opt. Express 16(19), 15137–15148 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Moon, D. S.

G. Sun, D. S. Moon, A. Lin, W. T. Han, and Y. Chung, “Tunable multiwavelength fiber laser using a comb filter based on erbium-ytterbium co-doped polarization maintaining fiber loop mirror,” Opt. Express 16(6), 3652–3658 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Muthukumaran,

S. Bidnyk, A. Balakrishnan, A. Delage, P. A. Mae Gao, P. Krug, Muthukumaran, and M. Pearson, “Planar comb filters based on aberration-free elliptical grating facets,” J. Lightwave Technol. 23(3), 1239–1243 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Pan, W.

S. Chu, B. Little, W. Pan, T. Kaneko, S. Sato, and Y. Kokubun, “An eight-channel add-drop filter using vertically coupled microring resonators over a cross grid,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 11(6), 691–693 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Pearson, M.

S. Bidnyk, A. Balakrishnan, A. Delage, P. A. Mae Gao, P. Krug, Muthukumaran, and M. Pearson, “Planar comb filters based on aberration-free elliptical grating facets,” J. Lightwave Technol. 23(3), 1239–1243 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Post, E.

W. R. McKinnon, D.-X. Xu, C. Storey, E. Post, A. Densmore, A. Delâge, P. Waldron, J. H. Schmid, and S. Janz, “Extracting coupling and loss coefficientsfrom a ring resonator,” Opt. Express 17(21), 18971–18982 (2009).
[CrossRef]

D.-X. Xu, A. Densmore, A. Delâge, P. Waldron, R. McKinnon, S. Janz, J. Lapointe, G. Lopinski, T. Mischki, E. Post, P. Cheben, and J. H. Schmid, “Folded cavity SOI microring sensors for high sensitivity and real time measurement of biomolecular binding,” Opt. Express 16(19), 15137–15148 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

D.-X. Xu, A. Densmore, P. Waldron, J. Lapointe, E. Post, A. Delâge, S. Janz, P. Cheben, J. H. Schmid, and B. Lamontagne, “High bandwidth SOI photonic wire ring resonators using MMI couplers,” Opt. Express 15(6), 3149–3155 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Preble, S. F.

P. Dong, S. F. Preble, and M. Lipson, “All-optical compact silicon comb switch,” Opt. Express 15(15), 9600–9605 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Rezzonico, D.

D. Rezzonico, A. Guarino, C. Herzog, M. Jazbinsek, and P. Gunter, “High-finesse laterally coupled organic-inorganic hybrid polymer microring resonators for VLSI photonics,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 18(7), 865–867 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Saleh, A.

J. Berthold, A. Saleh, L. Blair, and J. Simmons, “Optical networking: Past, present, and future,” J. Lightwave Technol. 26(9), 1104–1118 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Sato, S.

S. Chu, B. Little, W. Pan, T. Kaneko, S. Sato, and Y. Kokubun, “An eight-channel add-drop filter using vertically coupled microring resonators over a cross grid,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 11(6), 691–693 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Schmid, J. H.

A. Densmore, S. Janz, R. Ma, J. H. Schmid, D. X. Xu, A. Delâge, J. Lapointe, M. Vachon, and P. Cheben, “Compact and low power thermo-optic switch using folded silicon waveguides,” Opt. Express 17(13), 10457–10465 (2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

W. R. McKinnon, D.-X. Xu, C. Storey, E. Post, A. Densmore, A. Delâge, P. Waldron, J. H. Schmid, and S. Janz, “Extracting coupling and loss coefficientsfrom a ring resonator,” Opt. Express 17(21), 18971–18982 (2009).
[CrossRef]

D.-X. Xu, A. Densmore, A. Delâge, P. Waldron, R. McKinnon, S. Janz, J. Lapointe, G. Lopinski, T. Mischki, E. Post, P. Cheben, and J. H. Schmid, “Folded cavity SOI microring sensors for high sensitivity and real time measurement of biomolecular binding,” Opt. Express 16(19), 15137–15148 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

D.-X. Xu, A. Densmore, P. Waldron, J. Lapointe, E. Post, A. Delâge, S. Janz, P. Cheben, J. H. Schmid, and B. Lamontagne, “High bandwidth SOI photonic wire ring resonators using MMI couplers,” Opt. Express 15(6), 3149–3155 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Simmons, J.

J. Berthold, A. Saleh, L. Blair, and J. Simmons, “Optical networking: Past, present, and future,” J. Lightwave Technol. 26(9), 1104–1118 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Snider, G.

R. Beausoleil, P. Kuekes, G. Snider, S. Wang, and R. Williams, “Nanoelectronic and nanophotonic interconnect,” Proc. IEEE 96(2), 230–247 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Storey, C.

W. R. McKinnon, D.-X. Xu, C. Storey, E. Post, A. Densmore, A. Delâge, P. Waldron, J. H. Schmid, and S. Janz, “Extracting coupling and loss coefficientsfrom a ring resonator,” Opt. Express 17(21), 18971–18982 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Sun, G.

G. Sun, D. S. Moon, A. Lin, W. T. Han, and Y. Chung, “Tunable multiwavelength fiber laser using a comb filter based on erbium-ytterbium co-doped polarization maintaining fiber loop mirror,” Opt. Express 16(6), 3652–3658 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Tomlinson, W.

W. Tomlinson, “Evolution of passive optical component technologies for fiber-optic communication systems,” J. Lightwave Technol. 26(9), 1046–1063 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Tong, F.

D. Wang, F. Tong, X. Fang, W. Jin, P. Wai, and J. Gong, “Multiwavelength erbium-doped fiber ring laser source with a hybrid gain medium,” Opt. Commun. 228(4-6), 295–301 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Vachon, M.

A. Densmore, S. Janz, R. Ma, J. H. Schmid, D. X. Xu, A. Delâge, J. Lapointe, M. Vachon, and P. Cheben, “Compact and low power thermo-optic switch using folded silicon waveguides,” Opt. Express 17(13), 10457–10465 (2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Wai, P.

D. Wang, F. Tong, X. Fang, W. Jin, P. Wai, and J. Gong, “Multiwavelength erbium-doped fiber ring laser source with a hybrid gain medium,” Opt. Commun. 228(4-6), 295–301 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Waldron, P.

W. R. McKinnon, D.-X. Xu, C. Storey, E. Post, A. Densmore, A. Delâge, P. Waldron, J. H. Schmid, and S. Janz, “Extracting coupling and loss coefficientsfrom a ring resonator,” Opt. Express 17(21), 18971–18982 (2009).
[CrossRef]

D.-X. Xu, A. Densmore, A. Delâge, P. Waldron, R. McKinnon, S. Janz, J. Lapointe, G. Lopinski, T. Mischki, E. Post, P. Cheben, and J. H. Schmid, “Folded cavity SOI microring sensors for high sensitivity and real time measurement of biomolecular binding,” Opt. Express 16(19), 15137–15148 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

D.-X. Xu, A. Densmore, P. Waldron, J. Lapointe, E. Post, A. Delâge, S. Janz, P. Cheben, J. H. Schmid, and B. Lamontagne, “High bandwidth SOI photonic wire ring resonators using MMI couplers,” Opt. Express 15(6), 3149–3155 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Wang, D.

D. Wang, F. Tong, X. Fang, W. Jin, P. Wai, and J. Gong, “Multiwavelength erbium-doped fiber ring laser source with a hybrid gain medium,” Opt. Commun. 228(4-6), 295–301 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Wang, S.

R. Beausoleil, P. Kuekes, G. Snider, S. Wang, and R. Williams, “Nanoelectronic and nanophotonic interconnect,” Proc. IEEE 96(2), 230–247 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Williams, R.

R. Beausoleil, P. Kuekes, G. Snider, S. Wang, and R. Williams, “Nanoelectronic and nanophotonic interconnect,” Proc. IEEE 96(2), 230–247 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Wu, Q.

Q. Wu, H. Chan, P. Chu, C. Yu, and D. Hand, “Compact tunable three-dimensional polymer optical waveguide comb filter,” Opt. Commun. 277(1), 89–92 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Xu, D. X.

A. Densmore, S. Janz, R. Ma, J. H. Schmid, D. X. Xu, A. Delâge, J. Lapointe, M. Vachon, and P. Cheben, “Compact and low power thermo-optic switch using folded silicon waveguides,” Opt. Express 17(13), 10457–10465 (2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Xu, D.-X.

W. R. McKinnon, D.-X. Xu, C. Storey, E. Post, A. Densmore, A. Delâge, P. Waldron, J. H. Schmid, and S. Janz, “Extracting coupling and loss coefficientsfrom a ring resonator,” Opt. Express 17(21), 18971–18982 (2009).
[CrossRef]

D.-X. Xu, A. Densmore, A. Delâge, P. Waldron, R. McKinnon, S. Janz, J. Lapointe, G. Lopinski, T. Mischki, E. Post, P. Cheben, and J. H. Schmid, “Folded cavity SOI microring sensors for high sensitivity and real time measurement of biomolecular binding,” Opt. Express 16(19), 15137–15148 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

D.-X. Xu, A. Densmore, P. Waldron, J. Lapointe, E. Post, A. Delâge, S. Janz, P. Cheben, J. H. Schmid, and B. Lamontagne, “High bandwidth SOI photonic wire ring resonators using MMI couplers,” Opt. Express 15(6), 3149–3155 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Yu, C.

Q. Wu, H. Chan, P. Chu, C. Yu, and D. Hand, “Compact tunable three-dimensional polymer optical waveguide comb filter,” Opt. Commun. 277(1), 89–92 (2007).
[CrossRef]

IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. (3)

B. Lee, A. Biberman, P. Dong, M. Lipson, and K. Bergman, “All-optical comb switch for multiwavelength message routing in silicon photonic networks,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 20(10), 767–769 (2008).
[CrossRef]

S. Chu, B. Little, W. Pan, T. Kaneko, S. Sato, and Y. Kokubun, “An eight-channel add-drop filter using vertically coupled microring resonators over a cross grid,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 11(6), 691–693 (1999).
[CrossRef]

D. Rezzonico, A. Guarino, C. Herzog, M. Jazbinsek, and P. Gunter, “High-finesse laterally coupled organic-inorganic hybrid polymer microring resonators for VLSI photonics,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 18(7), 865–867 (2006).
[CrossRef]

J. Lightwave Technol. (3)

S. Bidnyk, A. Balakrishnan, A. Delage, P. A. Mae Gao, P. Krug, Muthukumaran, and M. Pearson, “Planar comb filters based on aberration-free elliptical grating facets,” J. Lightwave Technol. 23(3), 1239–1243 (2005).
[CrossRef]

W. Tomlinson, “Evolution of passive optical component technologies for fiber-optic communication systems,” J. Lightwave Technol. 26(9), 1046–1063 (2008).
[CrossRef]

J. Berthold, A. Saleh, L. Blair, and J. Simmons, “Optical networking: Past, present, and future,” J. Lightwave Technol. 26(9), 1104–1118 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Opt. Commun. (2)

Q. Wu, H. Chan, P. Chu, C. Yu, and D. Hand, “Compact tunable three-dimensional polymer optical waveguide comb filter,” Opt. Commun. 277(1), 89–92 (2007).
[CrossRef]

D. Wang, F. Tong, X. Fang, W. Jin, P. Wai, and J. Gong, “Multiwavelength erbium-doped fiber ring laser source with a hybrid gain medium,” Opt. Commun. 228(4-6), 295–301 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Opt. Express (6)

P. Dong, S. F. Preble, and M. Lipson, “All-optical compact silicon comb switch,” Opt. Express 15(15), 9600–9605 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

G. Sun, D. S. Moon, A. Lin, W. T. Han, and Y. Chung, “Tunable multiwavelength fiber laser using a comb filter based on erbium-ytterbium co-doped polarization maintaining fiber loop mirror,” Opt. Express 16(6), 3652–3658 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

A. Densmore, S. Janz, R. Ma, J. H. Schmid, D. X. Xu, A. Delâge, J. Lapointe, M. Vachon, and P. Cheben, “Compact and low power thermo-optic switch using folded silicon waveguides,” Opt. Express 17(13), 10457–10465 (2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

D.-X. Xu, A. Densmore, A. Delâge, P. Waldron, R. McKinnon, S. Janz, J. Lapointe, G. Lopinski, T. Mischki, E. Post, P. Cheben, and J. H. Schmid, “Folded cavity SOI microring sensors for high sensitivity and real time measurement of biomolecular binding,” Opt. Express 16(19), 15137–15148 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

D.-X. Xu, A. Densmore, P. Waldron, J. Lapointe, E. Post, A. Delâge, S. Janz, P. Cheben, J. H. Schmid, and B. Lamontagne, “High bandwidth SOI photonic wire ring resonators using MMI couplers,” Opt. Express 15(6), 3149–3155 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

W. R. McKinnon, D.-X. Xu, C. Storey, E. Post, A. Densmore, A. Delâge, P. Waldron, J. H. Schmid, and S. Janz, “Extracting coupling and loss coefficientsfrom a ring resonator,” Opt. Express 17(21), 18971–18982 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Proc. IEEE (1)

R. Beausoleil, P. Kuekes, G. Snider, S. Wang, and R. Williams, “Nanoelectronic and nanophotonic interconnect,” Proc. IEEE 96(2), 230–247 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Other (2)

A. Shacham, K. Bergman, and L. Carloni, “On the design of a photonic network-on-chip,” (IEEE Computer Society Washington, DC, USA, 2007), pp. 53–64.

J. Heebner, R. Grover, and T. Ibrahim, Optical microresonators: theory, fabrication, and applications (Springer Verlag, 2007).

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Figures (6)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1

(a) SEM image of an Archimedean spiral cavity add-drop ring resonator (Ring F in Table 1). Here α1 is the field loss factor incurred between the two couplers, and α2 is the loss factor for the rest of the cavity length. (b) Center portion of the resonator cavity, where the red and blue outlined sections indicate the two interleaved Archimedean spiral waveguides, joined in the center by two arcs of circle (outlined in green) of radius Rmin. The red and blue single lines are the part of the spiral not used in the cavity. The waveguide center-to-center separation is Sw.

Fig. 2
Fig. 2

Transmission spectra of all-pass resonators (a) Ring A with L = 430 µm and a FSR of 1.09 nm at λ = 1520 nm; (b) Ring C with L = 1350 µm and a FSR of 0.35 nm.

Fig. 3
Fig. 3

(a) Extracted coupling coefficient t for Ring A – E which have varied cavity length L and minimum bend radius Rmin of 2 and 5 µm, but the same couplers.; (b) Corresponding field loss factor α.

Fig. 4
Fig. 4

Measured transmission spectra of add-drop resonator Ring F. (a) Through port, (b) Drop port, and (c) Close-up of a single resonance for both ports.

Fig. 5
Fig. 5

(a) Measured transmission maxima and minima of the through and drop ports in Ring F. (b) Extracted through-port coupling coefficient t1 and lumped loss α ' = at2 in Ring F, and the equivalent coupling coefficient t2 that is extracted from Ring C which has the same coupler as the drop port in Ring F.

Fig. 6
Fig. 6

Calculated transmission maxima and minima in an add-drop resonator as a function of (1 – t2), using the following parameters: t1 = 0.78 and a = 0.83. Dashed vertical line indicates the case for Ring F at λ = 1575 nm where t2 = 0.84.

Tables (1)

Tables Icon

Table 1 Spiral resonator minimum radius Rmin for the center arc of circle, cavity length L, device area and the FSR at a wavelength of 1550 nm, for all-pass resonators A–E and add-drop resonator F.

Equations (7)

Equations on this page are rendered with MathJax. Learn more.

R s ( θ ) = ( S w / π ) θ ,         θ > 0
x 1 , 2 = ± R s cos θ ,             y 1 , 2 = R s sin θ
θ min = 4 π 2 R min 2 / S w 2 1 ,
x 0 = S w 2 π cos θ min ( θ min tan θ min ) ,
  y 0 = S w 2 π cos θ min ( θ min tan θ min + 1 ) .
I T = t 1 2 2 α t 1 t 2 cos ϕ + ( α t 2 ) 2 1 2 α t 1 t 2 cos ϕ + ( α t 1 t 2 ) 2 ,
I D = ( 1 t 1 2 ) ( 1 t 2 2 ) α 1 2 1 2 α t 1 t 2 cos ϕ + ( α t 1 t 2 ) 2 .

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