Abstract

We report time domain measurements of the group-velocity-dispersion-induced and nonlinearity-induced chirping of femtosecond pulses in subwavelength silicon-on-insulator waveguides. We observe that at a critical input power level, these two effects compensate each other leading to soliton formation. Formation of the fundamental optical soliton is observed at a peak power of a few Watts inside the waveguide. Interferometric cross-correlation traces reveal compression of the soliton pulses, while spectral measurements show pronounced dispersive (Cherenkov) waves emitted by solitons into the wavelength range of normal group velocity dispersion.

© 2010 OSA

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  1. J. Leuthold, C. Koos, and W. Freude, “Nonlinear silicon photonics,” Nat. Photonics 4, 535–544 (2010).
    [Crossref]
  2. R. M. Osgood, N. C. Panoiu, J. I. Dadap, X. Liu, X. Chen, I. W. Hsieh, E. Dulkeith, W. M. Green, and Y. A. Vlasov, Engineering Nonlinearities in, “Nanoscale Optical Systems: Physics and Applications in Dispersion-Engineered Si Nanophotonic Wires,” Adv. Opt. Photonics 1, 162–235 (2009).
    [Crossref]
  3. M. A. Foster, A. C. Turner, J. E. Sharping, B. S. Schmidt, M. Lipson, and A. L. Gaeta “Broad-band optical parametric gain on a silicon photonic chip,” Nature 441, 960–963 (2006).
    [Crossref] [PubMed]
  4. I. W. Hsieh, X. Chen, J. I. Dadap, N. C. Panoiu, R. M. Osgood, R. M. McNab, J. Sharee, and Y. A. Vlasov “Ultrafast-pulse self-phase modulation and third-order dispersion in Si photonic wire-waveguides”. Opt. Express 14, 12380–12387 (2006).
    [Crossref] [PubMed]
  5. D. V. Skryabin and A. V. Gorbach “Looking at a soliton through the prism of optical supercontinuum,” Rev. Mod. Phys. 82, 1287–1299 (2010).
    [Crossref]
  6. J. Zhang, Q. Lin, G. Piredda, R. W. Boyd, G. P. Agrawal, and P. M. Fauchet “Optical solitons in a silicon waveguide,” Opt. Express 15, 7682–7688 (2007).
    [Crossref] [PubMed]
  7. W. Ding, C. Benton, A. V. Gorbach, W. J. Wadsworth, J. C. Knight, D. V. Skryabin, M. Gnan, M. Sorrel, and R. M. De-La-Rue “Solitons and spectral broadening in long silicon-on- insulator photonic wires,” Opt. Express16, 3310–3319 (2008).
    [Crossref] [PubMed]
  8. M. Gnan, S. Thoms, D. S. Macintyre, R. M. De La Rue, and M. Sorel “Fabrication of low-loss photonic wires in silicon-on-insulator using hydrogen silsesquioxane electron-beam resist,” Electron. Lett. 44, 115–116 (2008).
    [Crossref]
  9. D. Strickland and G. Mourou, “Compression of amplified chirped optical pulses,” Opt. Commun. 56, 219–221 (1985).
    [Crossref]
  10. K. L. Sala, G. A. Kenney-Wallace, and G. E. Hall, “CW autocorrelation measurements of picosecond laser pulses,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron.16, 990–996 (1980).
    [Crossref]
  11. T. Vallaitis, S. Bogatscher, L. Alloatti, P. Dumon, R. Baets, M.L. Scimeca, I. Biaggio, F. Diederich, C. Koos, W. Freude, and J. Leuthold, “Optical properties of highly nonlinear silicon-organic hybrid (SOH) waveguide geometries,” Opt. Express 17, 17357–17368 (2009).
    [Crossref] [PubMed]
  12. L. Yin, Q. Lin, and G. P. Agrawal, “Soliton fission and supercontinuum generation in silicon waveguides,” Opt. Lett. 32, 391–393 (2007).
    [Crossref] [PubMed]
  13. C. J. Benton, A. V. Gorbach, and D. V. Skryabin, “Spatiotemporal quasisolitons and resonant radiation in arrays of silicon-on-insulator photonic wires,” Phys. Rev. A 78, 033818 (2008).
    [Crossref]
  14. A. V. Gorbach, W. Ding, O.K. Staines, C.E. de Nobriga, G.D. Hobbs, W. J. Wadsworth, J. C. Knight, D. V. Skryabin, A. Samarelli, M. Sorel, and R. M. De La Rue, “Spatiotemporal nonlinear optics in arrays of subwavelength waveguides,” Phys. Rev. A82, 041802 (2010).
    [Crossref]

2010 (2)

J. Leuthold, C. Koos, and W. Freude, “Nonlinear silicon photonics,” Nat. Photonics 4, 535–544 (2010).
[Crossref]

D. V. Skryabin and A. V. Gorbach “Looking at a soliton through the prism of optical supercontinuum,” Rev. Mod. Phys. 82, 1287–1299 (2010).
[Crossref]

2009 (2)

R. M. Osgood, N. C. Panoiu, J. I. Dadap, X. Liu, X. Chen, I. W. Hsieh, E. Dulkeith, W. M. Green, and Y. A. Vlasov, Engineering Nonlinearities in, “Nanoscale Optical Systems: Physics and Applications in Dispersion-Engineered Si Nanophotonic Wires,” Adv. Opt. Photonics 1, 162–235 (2009).
[Crossref]

T. Vallaitis, S. Bogatscher, L. Alloatti, P. Dumon, R. Baets, M.L. Scimeca, I. Biaggio, F. Diederich, C. Koos, W. Freude, and J. Leuthold, “Optical properties of highly nonlinear silicon-organic hybrid (SOH) waveguide geometries,” Opt. Express 17, 17357–17368 (2009).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

2008 (2)

C. J. Benton, A. V. Gorbach, and D. V. Skryabin, “Spatiotemporal quasisolitons and resonant radiation in arrays of silicon-on-insulator photonic wires,” Phys. Rev. A 78, 033818 (2008).
[Crossref]

M. Gnan, S. Thoms, D. S. Macintyre, R. M. De La Rue, and M. Sorel “Fabrication of low-loss photonic wires in silicon-on-insulator using hydrogen silsesquioxane electron-beam resist,” Electron. Lett. 44, 115–116 (2008).
[Crossref]

2007 (2)

2006 (2)

1985 (1)

D. Strickland and G. Mourou, “Compression of amplified chirped optical pulses,” Opt. Commun. 56, 219–221 (1985).
[Crossref]

Agrawal, G. P.

Alloatti, L.

Baets, R.

Benton, C.

W. Ding, C. Benton, A. V. Gorbach, W. J. Wadsworth, J. C. Knight, D. V. Skryabin, M. Gnan, M. Sorrel, and R. M. De-La-Rue “Solitons and spectral broadening in long silicon-on- insulator photonic wires,” Opt. Express16, 3310–3319 (2008).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Benton, C. J.

C. J. Benton, A. V. Gorbach, and D. V. Skryabin, “Spatiotemporal quasisolitons and resonant radiation in arrays of silicon-on-insulator photonic wires,” Phys. Rev. A 78, 033818 (2008).
[Crossref]

Biaggio, I.

Bogatscher, S.

Boyd, R. W.

Chen, X.

R. M. Osgood, N. C. Panoiu, J. I. Dadap, X. Liu, X. Chen, I. W. Hsieh, E. Dulkeith, W. M. Green, and Y. A. Vlasov, Engineering Nonlinearities in, “Nanoscale Optical Systems: Physics and Applications in Dispersion-Engineered Si Nanophotonic Wires,” Adv. Opt. Photonics 1, 162–235 (2009).
[Crossref]

I. W. Hsieh, X. Chen, J. I. Dadap, N. C. Panoiu, R. M. Osgood, R. M. McNab, J. Sharee, and Y. A. Vlasov “Ultrafast-pulse self-phase modulation and third-order dispersion in Si photonic wire-waveguides”. Opt. Express 14, 12380–12387 (2006).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Dadap, J. I.

R. M. Osgood, N. C. Panoiu, J. I. Dadap, X. Liu, X. Chen, I. W. Hsieh, E. Dulkeith, W. M. Green, and Y. A. Vlasov, Engineering Nonlinearities in, “Nanoscale Optical Systems: Physics and Applications in Dispersion-Engineered Si Nanophotonic Wires,” Adv. Opt. Photonics 1, 162–235 (2009).
[Crossref]

I. W. Hsieh, X. Chen, J. I. Dadap, N. C. Panoiu, R. M. Osgood, R. M. McNab, J. Sharee, and Y. A. Vlasov “Ultrafast-pulse self-phase modulation and third-order dispersion in Si photonic wire-waveguides”. Opt. Express 14, 12380–12387 (2006).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

De La Rue, R. M.

M. Gnan, S. Thoms, D. S. Macintyre, R. M. De La Rue, and M. Sorel “Fabrication of low-loss photonic wires in silicon-on-insulator using hydrogen silsesquioxane electron-beam resist,” Electron. Lett. 44, 115–116 (2008).
[Crossref]

A. V. Gorbach, W. Ding, O.K. Staines, C.E. de Nobriga, G.D. Hobbs, W. J. Wadsworth, J. C. Knight, D. V. Skryabin, A. Samarelli, M. Sorel, and R. M. De La Rue, “Spatiotemporal nonlinear optics in arrays of subwavelength waveguides,” Phys. Rev. A82, 041802 (2010).
[Crossref]

de Nobriga, C.E.

A. V. Gorbach, W. Ding, O.K. Staines, C.E. de Nobriga, G.D. Hobbs, W. J. Wadsworth, J. C. Knight, D. V. Skryabin, A. Samarelli, M. Sorel, and R. M. De La Rue, “Spatiotemporal nonlinear optics in arrays of subwavelength waveguides,” Phys. Rev. A82, 041802 (2010).
[Crossref]

De-La-Rue, R. M.

W. Ding, C. Benton, A. V. Gorbach, W. J. Wadsworth, J. C. Knight, D. V. Skryabin, M. Gnan, M. Sorrel, and R. M. De-La-Rue “Solitons and spectral broadening in long silicon-on- insulator photonic wires,” Opt. Express16, 3310–3319 (2008).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Diederich, F.

Ding, W.

W. Ding, C. Benton, A. V. Gorbach, W. J. Wadsworth, J. C. Knight, D. V. Skryabin, M. Gnan, M. Sorrel, and R. M. De-La-Rue “Solitons and spectral broadening in long silicon-on- insulator photonic wires,” Opt. Express16, 3310–3319 (2008).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

A. V. Gorbach, W. Ding, O.K. Staines, C.E. de Nobriga, G.D. Hobbs, W. J. Wadsworth, J. C. Knight, D. V. Skryabin, A. Samarelli, M. Sorel, and R. M. De La Rue, “Spatiotemporal nonlinear optics in arrays of subwavelength waveguides,” Phys. Rev. A82, 041802 (2010).
[Crossref]

Dulkeith, E.

R. M. Osgood, N. C. Panoiu, J. I. Dadap, X. Liu, X. Chen, I. W. Hsieh, E. Dulkeith, W. M. Green, and Y. A. Vlasov, Engineering Nonlinearities in, “Nanoscale Optical Systems: Physics and Applications in Dispersion-Engineered Si Nanophotonic Wires,” Adv. Opt. Photonics 1, 162–235 (2009).
[Crossref]

Dumon, P.

Fauchet, P. M.

Foster, M. A.

M. A. Foster, A. C. Turner, J. E. Sharping, B. S. Schmidt, M. Lipson, and A. L. Gaeta “Broad-band optical parametric gain on a silicon photonic chip,” Nature 441, 960–963 (2006).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Freude, W.

Gaeta, A. L.

M. A. Foster, A. C. Turner, J. E. Sharping, B. S. Schmidt, M. Lipson, and A. L. Gaeta “Broad-band optical parametric gain on a silicon photonic chip,” Nature 441, 960–963 (2006).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Gnan, M.

M. Gnan, S. Thoms, D. S. Macintyre, R. M. De La Rue, and M. Sorel “Fabrication of low-loss photonic wires in silicon-on-insulator using hydrogen silsesquioxane electron-beam resist,” Electron. Lett. 44, 115–116 (2008).
[Crossref]

W. Ding, C. Benton, A. V. Gorbach, W. J. Wadsworth, J. C. Knight, D. V. Skryabin, M. Gnan, M. Sorrel, and R. M. De-La-Rue “Solitons and spectral broadening in long silicon-on- insulator photonic wires,” Opt. Express16, 3310–3319 (2008).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Gorbach, A. V.

D. V. Skryabin and A. V. Gorbach “Looking at a soliton through the prism of optical supercontinuum,” Rev. Mod. Phys. 82, 1287–1299 (2010).
[Crossref]

C. J. Benton, A. V. Gorbach, and D. V. Skryabin, “Spatiotemporal quasisolitons and resonant radiation in arrays of silicon-on-insulator photonic wires,” Phys. Rev. A 78, 033818 (2008).
[Crossref]

A. V. Gorbach, W. Ding, O.K. Staines, C.E. de Nobriga, G.D. Hobbs, W. J. Wadsworth, J. C. Knight, D. V. Skryabin, A. Samarelli, M. Sorel, and R. M. De La Rue, “Spatiotemporal nonlinear optics in arrays of subwavelength waveguides,” Phys. Rev. A82, 041802 (2010).
[Crossref]

W. Ding, C. Benton, A. V. Gorbach, W. J. Wadsworth, J. C. Knight, D. V. Skryabin, M. Gnan, M. Sorrel, and R. M. De-La-Rue “Solitons and spectral broadening in long silicon-on- insulator photonic wires,” Opt. Express16, 3310–3319 (2008).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Green, W. M.

R. M. Osgood, N. C. Panoiu, J. I. Dadap, X. Liu, X. Chen, I. W. Hsieh, E. Dulkeith, W. M. Green, and Y. A. Vlasov, Engineering Nonlinearities in, “Nanoscale Optical Systems: Physics and Applications in Dispersion-Engineered Si Nanophotonic Wires,” Adv. Opt. Photonics 1, 162–235 (2009).
[Crossref]

Hall, G. E.

K. L. Sala, G. A. Kenney-Wallace, and G. E. Hall, “CW autocorrelation measurements of picosecond laser pulses,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron.16, 990–996 (1980).
[Crossref]

Hobbs, G.D.

A. V. Gorbach, W. Ding, O.K. Staines, C.E. de Nobriga, G.D. Hobbs, W. J. Wadsworth, J. C. Knight, D. V. Skryabin, A. Samarelli, M. Sorel, and R. M. De La Rue, “Spatiotemporal nonlinear optics in arrays of subwavelength waveguides,” Phys. Rev. A82, 041802 (2010).
[Crossref]

Hsieh, I. W.

R. M. Osgood, N. C. Panoiu, J. I. Dadap, X. Liu, X. Chen, I. W. Hsieh, E. Dulkeith, W. M. Green, and Y. A. Vlasov, Engineering Nonlinearities in, “Nanoscale Optical Systems: Physics and Applications in Dispersion-Engineered Si Nanophotonic Wires,” Adv. Opt. Photonics 1, 162–235 (2009).
[Crossref]

I. W. Hsieh, X. Chen, J. I. Dadap, N. C. Panoiu, R. M. Osgood, R. M. McNab, J. Sharee, and Y. A. Vlasov “Ultrafast-pulse self-phase modulation and third-order dispersion in Si photonic wire-waveguides”. Opt. Express 14, 12380–12387 (2006).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Kenney-Wallace, G. A.

K. L. Sala, G. A. Kenney-Wallace, and G. E. Hall, “CW autocorrelation measurements of picosecond laser pulses,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron.16, 990–996 (1980).
[Crossref]

Knight, J. C.

A. V. Gorbach, W. Ding, O.K. Staines, C.E. de Nobriga, G.D. Hobbs, W. J. Wadsworth, J. C. Knight, D. V. Skryabin, A. Samarelli, M. Sorel, and R. M. De La Rue, “Spatiotemporal nonlinear optics in arrays of subwavelength waveguides,” Phys. Rev. A82, 041802 (2010).
[Crossref]

W. Ding, C. Benton, A. V. Gorbach, W. J. Wadsworth, J. C. Knight, D. V. Skryabin, M. Gnan, M. Sorrel, and R. M. De-La-Rue “Solitons and spectral broadening in long silicon-on- insulator photonic wires,” Opt. Express16, 3310–3319 (2008).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Koos, C.

Leuthold, J.

Lin, Q.

Lipson, M.

M. A. Foster, A. C. Turner, J. E. Sharping, B. S. Schmidt, M. Lipson, and A. L. Gaeta “Broad-band optical parametric gain on a silicon photonic chip,” Nature 441, 960–963 (2006).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Liu, X.

R. M. Osgood, N. C. Panoiu, J. I. Dadap, X. Liu, X. Chen, I. W. Hsieh, E. Dulkeith, W. M. Green, and Y. A. Vlasov, Engineering Nonlinearities in, “Nanoscale Optical Systems: Physics and Applications in Dispersion-Engineered Si Nanophotonic Wires,” Adv. Opt. Photonics 1, 162–235 (2009).
[Crossref]

Macintyre, D. S.

M. Gnan, S. Thoms, D. S. Macintyre, R. M. De La Rue, and M. Sorel “Fabrication of low-loss photonic wires in silicon-on-insulator using hydrogen silsesquioxane electron-beam resist,” Electron. Lett. 44, 115–116 (2008).
[Crossref]

McNab, R. M.

Mourou, G.

D. Strickland and G. Mourou, “Compression of amplified chirped optical pulses,” Opt. Commun. 56, 219–221 (1985).
[Crossref]

Osgood, R. M.

R. M. Osgood, N. C. Panoiu, J. I. Dadap, X. Liu, X. Chen, I. W. Hsieh, E. Dulkeith, W. M. Green, and Y. A. Vlasov, Engineering Nonlinearities in, “Nanoscale Optical Systems: Physics and Applications in Dispersion-Engineered Si Nanophotonic Wires,” Adv. Opt. Photonics 1, 162–235 (2009).
[Crossref]

I. W. Hsieh, X. Chen, J. I. Dadap, N. C. Panoiu, R. M. Osgood, R. M. McNab, J. Sharee, and Y. A. Vlasov “Ultrafast-pulse self-phase modulation and third-order dispersion in Si photonic wire-waveguides”. Opt. Express 14, 12380–12387 (2006).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Panoiu, N. C.

R. M. Osgood, N. C. Panoiu, J. I. Dadap, X. Liu, X. Chen, I. W. Hsieh, E. Dulkeith, W. M. Green, and Y. A. Vlasov, Engineering Nonlinearities in, “Nanoscale Optical Systems: Physics and Applications in Dispersion-Engineered Si Nanophotonic Wires,” Adv. Opt. Photonics 1, 162–235 (2009).
[Crossref]

I. W. Hsieh, X. Chen, J. I. Dadap, N. C. Panoiu, R. M. Osgood, R. M. McNab, J. Sharee, and Y. A. Vlasov “Ultrafast-pulse self-phase modulation and third-order dispersion in Si photonic wire-waveguides”. Opt. Express 14, 12380–12387 (2006).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Piredda, G.

Sala, K. L.

K. L. Sala, G. A. Kenney-Wallace, and G. E. Hall, “CW autocorrelation measurements of picosecond laser pulses,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron.16, 990–996 (1980).
[Crossref]

Samarelli, A.

A. V. Gorbach, W. Ding, O.K. Staines, C.E. de Nobriga, G.D. Hobbs, W. J. Wadsworth, J. C. Knight, D. V. Skryabin, A. Samarelli, M. Sorel, and R. M. De La Rue, “Spatiotemporal nonlinear optics in arrays of subwavelength waveguides,” Phys. Rev. A82, 041802 (2010).
[Crossref]

Schmidt, B. S.

M. A. Foster, A. C. Turner, J. E. Sharping, B. S. Schmidt, M. Lipson, and A. L. Gaeta “Broad-band optical parametric gain on a silicon photonic chip,” Nature 441, 960–963 (2006).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Scimeca, M.L.

Sharee, J.

Sharping, J. E.

M. A. Foster, A. C. Turner, J. E. Sharping, B. S. Schmidt, M. Lipson, and A. L. Gaeta “Broad-band optical parametric gain on a silicon photonic chip,” Nature 441, 960–963 (2006).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Skryabin, D. V.

D. V. Skryabin and A. V. Gorbach “Looking at a soliton through the prism of optical supercontinuum,” Rev. Mod. Phys. 82, 1287–1299 (2010).
[Crossref]

C. J. Benton, A. V. Gorbach, and D. V. Skryabin, “Spatiotemporal quasisolitons and resonant radiation in arrays of silicon-on-insulator photonic wires,” Phys. Rev. A 78, 033818 (2008).
[Crossref]

A. V. Gorbach, W. Ding, O.K. Staines, C.E. de Nobriga, G.D. Hobbs, W. J. Wadsworth, J. C. Knight, D. V. Skryabin, A. Samarelli, M. Sorel, and R. M. De La Rue, “Spatiotemporal nonlinear optics in arrays of subwavelength waveguides,” Phys. Rev. A82, 041802 (2010).
[Crossref]

W. Ding, C. Benton, A. V. Gorbach, W. J. Wadsworth, J. C. Knight, D. V. Skryabin, M. Gnan, M. Sorrel, and R. M. De-La-Rue “Solitons and spectral broadening in long silicon-on- insulator photonic wires,” Opt. Express16, 3310–3319 (2008).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Sorel, M.

M. Gnan, S. Thoms, D. S. Macintyre, R. M. De La Rue, and M. Sorel “Fabrication of low-loss photonic wires in silicon-on-insulator using hydrogen silsesquioxane electron-beam resist,” Electron. Lett. 44, 115–116 (2008).
[Crossref]

A. V. Gorbach, W. Ding, O.K. Staines, C.E. de Nobriga, G.D. Hobbs, W. J. Wadsworth, J. C. Knight, D. V. Skryabin, A. Samarelli, M. Sorel, and R. M. De La Rue, “Spatiotemporal nonlinear optics in arrays of subwavelength waveguides,” Phys. Rev. A82, 041802 (2010).
[Crossref]

Sorrel, M.

W. Ding, C. Benton, A. V. Gorbach, W. J. Wadsworth, J. C. Knight, D. V. Skryabin, M. Gnan, M. Sorrel, and R. M. De-La-Rue “Solitons and spectral broadening in long silicon-on- insulator photonic wires,” Opt. Express16, 3310–3319 (2008).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Staines, O.K.

A. V. Gorbach, W. Ding, O.K. Staines, C.E. de Nobriga, G.D. Hobbs, W. J. Wadsworth, J. C. Knight, D. V. Skryabin, A. Samarelli, M. Sorel, and R. M. De La Rue, “Spatiotemporal nonlinear optics in arrays of subwavelength waveguides,” Phys. Rev. A82, 041802 (2010).
[Crossref]

Strickland, D.

D. Strickland and G. Mourou, “Compression of amplified chirped optical pulses,” Opt. Commun. 56, 219–221 (1985).
[Crossref]

Thoms, S.

M. Gnan, S. Thoms, D. S. Macintyre, R. M. De La Rue, and M. Sorel “Fabrication of low-loss photonic wires in silicon-on-insulator using hydrogen silsesquioxane electron-beam resist,” Electron. Lett. 44, 115–116 (2008).
[Crossref]

Turner, A. C.

M. A. Foster, A. C. Turner, J. E. Sharping, B. S. Schmidt, M. Lipson, and A. L. Gaeta “Broad-band optical parametric gain on a silicon photonic chip,” Nature 441, 960–963 (2006).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Vallaitis, T.

Vlasov, Y. A.

R. M. Osgood, N. C. Panoiu, J. I. Dadap, X. Liu, X. Chen, I. W. Hsieh, E. Dulkeith, W. M. Green, and Y. A. Vlasov, Engineering Nonlinearities in, “Nanoscale Optical Systems: Physics and Applications in Dispersion-Engineered Si Nanophotonic Wires,” Adv. Opt. Photonics 1, 162–235 (2009).
[Crossref]

I. W. Hsieh, X. Chen, J. I. Dadap, N. C. Panoiu, R. M. Osgood, R. M. McNab, J. Sharee, and Y. A. Vlasov “Ultrafast-pulse self-phase modulation and third-order dispersion in Si photonic wire-waveguides”. Opt. Express 14, 12380–12387 (2006).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Wadsworth, W. J.

A. V. Gorbach, W. Ding, O.K. Staines, C.E. de Nobriga, G.D. Hobbs, W. J. Wadsworth, J. C. Knight, D. V. Skryabin, A. Samarelli, M. Sorel, and R. M. De La Rue, “Spatiotemporal nonlinear optics in arrays of subwavelength waveguides,” Phys. Rev. A82, 041802 (2010).
[Crossref]

W. Ding, C. Benton, A. V. Gorbach, W. J. Wadsworth, J. C. Knight, D. V. Skryabin, M. Gnan, M. Sorrel, and R. M. De-La-Rue “Solitons and spectral broadening in long silicon-on- insulator photonic wires,” Opt. Express16, 3310–3319 (2008).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Yin, L.

Zhang, J.

Adv. Opt. Photonics (1)

R. M. Osgood, N. C. Panoiu, J. I. Dadap, X. Liu, X. Chen, I. W. Hsieh, E. Dulkeith, W. M. Green, and Y. A. Vlasov, Engineering Nonlinearities in, “Nanoscale Optical Systems: Physics and Applications in Dispersion-Engineered Si Nanophotonic Wires,” Adv. Opt. Photonics 1, 162–235 (2009).
[Crossref]

Electron. Lett. (1)

M. Gnan, S. Thoms, D. S. Macintyre, R. M. De La Rue, and M. Sorel “Fabrication of low-loss photonic wires in silicon-on-insulator using hydrogen silsesquioxane electron-beam resist,” Electron. Lett. 44, 115–116 (2008).
[Crossref]

Nat. Photonics (1)

J. Leuthold, C. Koos, and W. Freude, “Nonlinear silicon photonics,” Nat. Photonics 4, 535–544 (2010).
[Crossref]

Nature (1)

M. A. Foster, A. C. Turner, J. E. Sharping, B. S. Schmidt, M. Lipson, and A. L. Gaeta “Broad-band optical parametric gain on a silicon photonic chip,” Nature 441, 960–963 (2006).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Opt. Commun. (1)

D. Strickland and G. Mourou, “Compression of amplified chirped optical pulses,” Opt. Commun. 56, 219–221 (1985).
[Crossref]

Opt. Express (3)

Opt. Lett. (1)

Phys. Rev. A (1)

C. J. Benton, A. V. Gorbach, and D. V. Skryabin, “Spatiotemporal quasisolitons and resonant radiation in arrays of silicon-on-insulator photonic wires,” Phys. Rev. A 78, 033818 (2008).
[Crossref]

Rev. Mod. Phys. (1)

D. V. Skryabin and A. V. Gorbach “Looking at a soliton through the prism of optical supercontinuum,” Rev. Mod. Phys. 82, 1287–1299 (2010).
[Crossref]

Other (3)

W. Ding, C. Benton, A. V. Gorbach, W. J. Wadsworth, J. C. Knight, D. V. Skryabin, M. Gnan, M. Sorrel, and R. M. De-La-Rue “Solitons and spectral broadening in long silicon-on- insulator photonic wires,” Opt. Express16, 3310–3319 (2008).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

K. L. Sala, G. A. Kenney-Wallace, and G. E. Hall, “CW autocorrelation measurements of picosecond laser pulses,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron.16, 990–996 (1980).
[Crossref]

A. V. Gorbach, W. Ding, O.K. Staines, C.E. de Nobriga, G.D. Hobbs, W. J. Wadsworth, J. C. Knight, D. V. Skryabin, A. Samarelli, M. Sorel, and R. M. De La Rue, “Spatiotemporal nonlinear optics in arrays of subwavelength waveguides,” Phys. Rev. A82, 041802 (2010).
[Crossref]

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Figures (6)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1

(a) Measured group index (solid squares) and 5th order polynomial fit (curve) of the SOI waveguide as a function of wavelength. (b) Group velocity dispersion (GVD), β2, as a function of wavelength. The vertical line shows the carrier wavelength of the pump pulse. The gray area shows the predicted region for Cherenkov radiation.

Fig. 2
Fig. 2

Experimental setup. ISO: isolator; BPF: band-pass filter; Pol.: polarizer; BS: beam splitter; DUT: device under test; FM: flip mirror. Dashed lines stand for optical beams. The insert plot shows the interferometric auto-correlation trace of the input pulses.

Fig. 3
Fig. 3

(Color online) (a) Measured interferometric cross-correlation traces with varying input power levels. The first three curves are multiplied by 3, 2.5, and 2 respectively. The symbols L, C, and T represent the leading, central, and trailing regions of the pulse. (b) FWHM of the intensity cross-correlation traces as a function of input power. The red line stands for the FWHM of the intensity auto-correlation trace of the input pulse. (c) Averaged wavelength in the leading (black squares), central (red circles), and trailing (green triangles) regions of the interferometric cross-correlation traces as a function of input power.

Fig. 4
Fig. 4

(Color online) Measured output spectra with increasing input power (log scale). The vertical dashed line shows the zero GVD wavelength.

Fig. 5
Fig. 5

(Color online) (a) Output spectra and (b) the corresponding cross-correlation traces for 50μW (black), 1mW (red), and 4mW (blue) of the input power, respectively.

Fig. 6
Fig. 6

(a) Output power as a function of input power. (b) Integral of the cross-correlation traces with varying input power level. The grey area represents the error introduced by the integration process.

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