Abstract

We report fabrication of the lead silicate microstructured fibers (MOFs) with core holes as small as 20nm, the smallest holes fabricated within the core of an optical fiber to date. We show that light confinement and average mode intensity within such holes are strongly dependent on the hole size. Light confinement within 80nm and 250nm core hole within the fabricated MOFs has been experimentally characterized using Scanning Near-field Optical Microscopy (SNOM).

© 2010 OSA

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    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  2. S. Afshar V and T. M. Monro, “A full vectorial model for pulse propagation in emerging waveguides with subwavelength structures part I: Kerr nonlinearity,” Opt. Express 17(4), 2298–2318 (2009), http://www.opticsinfobase.org/oe/abstract.cfm?URI=oe-17-4-2298 .
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  3. T. M. Monro, W. Belardi, K. Furusawa, J. C. Baggett, N. G. R. Broderick, and D. J. Richardson, “Sensing with microstructured opticals,” Meas. Sci. Technol. 12(7), 854–858 (2001).
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    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  6. A. Martínez, J. Blasco, P. Sanchis, J. V. Galán, J. García-Rupérez, E. Jordana, P. Gautier, Y. Lebour, S. Hernández, R. Guider, N. Daldosso, B. Garrido, J. M. Fedeli, L. Pavesi, J. Martí, and R. Spano, “Ultrafast all-optical switching in a silicon-nanocrystal-based silicon slot waveguide at telecom wavelengths,” Nano Lett. 10(4), 1506–1511 (2010).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  7. J. Blasco, J. V. Galán, P. Sanchis, J. M. Martínez, A. Martínez, E. Jordana, J. M. Fedeli, and J. Martí, “FWM in silicon nanocrystal-based sandwiched slot waveguides,” Opt. Commun. 283(3), 435–437 (2010).
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    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
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    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  10. T. Fujisawa and M. Koshiba, “Polarization-independent optical directional coupler based on slot waveguides,” Opt. Lett. 31(1), 56–58 (2006).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  11. L. Zhang, Y. Yue, Y. Xiao-Li, R. G. Beausoleil, and A. E. Willner, “Highly dispersive slot waveguides,” Opt. Express 17(9), 7095–7101 (2009).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
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    [CrossRef]
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  15. G. S. Wiederhecker, C. M. B. Cordeiro, F. Couny, F. Benabid, S. A. Maier, J. C. Knight, C. H. B. Cruz, and H. L. Fragnito, “Field enhancement within an optical fibre with a subwavelength air core,” Nat. Photonics 1(2), 115–118 (2007).
    [CrossRef]
  16. H. Ebendorff-Heidepriem and T. M. Monro, “Extrusion of complex preforms for microstructured optical fibers,” Opt. Express 15(23), 15086–15092 (2007), http://www.opticsinfobase.org/oe/abstract.cfm?URI=oe-15-23-15086 .
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  17. H. Ebendorff-Heidepriem, S. C. Warren-Smith, and T. M. Monro, “Suspended nanowires: fabrication, design and characterization of fibers with nanoscale cores,” Opt. Express 17(4), 2646–2657 (2009), http://www.opticsinfobase.org/oe/abstract.cfm?URI=oe-17-4-2646 .
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
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    [CrossRef]
  19. S. C. Warren-Smith, H. Ebendorff-Heidepriem, T. C. Foo, R. Moore, C. Davis, and T. M. Monro, “Exposed-core microstructured optical fibers for real-time fluorescence sensing,” Opt. Express 17(21), 18533–18542 (2009), http://www.opticsinfobase.org/oe/abstract.cfm?URI=oe-17-21-18533 .
    [CrossRef]
  20. C. J. Voyce, A. D. Fitt, J. R. Hayes, and T. M. Monro, “Mathematical modeling of the self-pressurizing mechanism for microstructured fiber drawing,” J. Lightwave Technol. 27(7), 871–878 (2009).
    [CrossRef]
  21. F. T. Geyling and G. M. Homsy, “Extensional instabilities of the glass fiber drawing process,” Glass Technol. 21, 95–102 (1980).
  22. P. D. Lacharmoise, N. G. Tognalli, A. R. Goni, M. I. Alonso, A. Fainstein, R. M. Cole, J. J. Baumberg, J. Garcia de Abajo, and P. N. Bartlett, “Imaging optical near field at metallic nanoscale voids,” Phys. Rev. B 78(12), 125410 (2008).
    [CrossRef]
  23. http://www.azonano.com/details.asp?ArticleID=2250
  24. J. Yao, Z. Liu, Y. Liu, Y. Wang, C. Sun, G. Bartal, A. M. Stacy, and X. Zhang, “Optical negative refraction in bulk metamaterials of nanowires,” Science 321(5891), 930 (2008).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  25. Y. Liu, G. Bartal, and X. Zhang, “All-angle negative refraction and imaging in a bulk medium made of metallic nanowires in the visible region,” Opt. Express 16(20), 15439–15448 (2008), http://www.opticsinfobase.org/oe/abstract.cfm?URI=oe-16-20-15439 .
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  26. F. Keilmann, “Near-field microscopy by elastic light scattering from a tip,” Philos. Trans. R. Soc. Lond. A 362(1817), 787–805 (2004).
    [CrossRef]

2010 (4)

A. Martínez, J. Blasco, P. Sanchis, J. V. Galán, J. García-Rupérez, E. Jordana, P. Gautier, Y. Lebour, S. Hernández, R. Guider, N. Daldosso, B. Garrido, J. M. Fedeli, L. Pavesi, J. Martí, and R. Spano, “Ultrafast all-optical switching in a silicon-nanocrystal-based silicon slot waveguide at telecom wavelengths,” Nano Lett. 10(4), 1506–1511 (2010).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

J. Blasco, J. V. Galán, P. Sanchis, J. M. Martínez, A. Martínez, E. Jordana, J. M. Fedeli, and J. Martí, “FWM in silicon nanocrystal-based sandwiched slot waveguides,” Opt. Commun. 283(3), 435–437 (2010).
[CrossRef]

K. B. Gylfason, C. F. Carlborg, A. Kaźmierczak, F. Dortu, H. Sohlström, L. Vivien, C. A. Barrios, W. van der Wijngaart, and G. Stemme, “On-chip temperature compensation in an integrated slot-waveguide ring resonator refractive index sensor array,” Opt. Express 18(4), 3226–3237 (2010), http://www.opticsexpress.org/ .
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

C. F. Carlborg, K. B. Gylfason, A. Kaźmierczak, F. Dortu, M. J. Bañuls Polo, A. Maquieira Catala, G. M. Kresbach, H. Sohlström, T. Moh, L. Vivien, J. Popplewell, G. Ronan, C. A. Barrios, G. Stemme, and W. van der Wijngaart, “A packaged optical slot-waveguide ring resonator sensor array for multiplex label-free assays in labs-on-chips,” Lab Chip 10(3), 281 (2010).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

2009 (6)

S. Afshar V and T. M. Monro, “A full vectorial model for pulse propagation in emerging waveguides with subwavelength structures part I: Kerr nonlinearity,” Opt. Express 17(4), 2298–2318 (2009), http://www.opticsinfobase.org/oe/abstract.cfm?URI=oe-17-4-2298 .
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

L. Zhang, Y. Yue, Y. Xiao-Li, R. G. Beausoleil, and A. E. Willner, “Highly dispersive slot waveguides,” Opt. Express 17(9), 7095–7101 (2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

M. P. Hiscocks, C. H. Su, B. C. Gibson, A. D. Greentree, L. C. L. Hollenberg, and F. Ladouceur, “Slot-waveguide cavities for optical quantum information applications,” Opt. Express 17(9), 7295–7303 (2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

H. Ebendorff-Heidepriem, S. C. Warren-Smith, and T. M. Monro, “Suspended nanowires: fabrication, design and characterization of fibers with nanoscale cores,” Opt. Express 17(4), 2646–2657 (2009), http://www.opticsinfobase.org/oe/abstract.cfm?URI=oe-17-4-2646 .
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

S. C. Warren-Smith, H. Ebendorff-Heidepriem, T. C. Foo, R. Moore, C. Davis, and T. M. Monro, “Exposed-core microstructured optical fibers for real-time fluorescence sensing,” Opt. Express 17(21), 18533–18542 (2009), http://www.opticsinfobase.org/oe/abstract.cfm?URI=oe-17-21-18533 .
[CrossRef]

C. J. Voyce, A. D. Fitt, J. R. Hayes, and T. M. Monro, “Mathematical modeling of the self-pressurizing mechanism for microstructured fiber drawing,” J. Lightwave Technol. 27(7), 871–878 (2009).
[CrossRef]

2008 (6)

P. D. Lacharmoise, N. G. Tognalli, A. R. Goni, M. I. Alonso, A. Fainstein, R. M. Cole, J. J. Baumberg, J. Garcia de Abajo, and P. N. Bartlett, “Imaging optical near field at metallic nanoscale voids,” Phys. Rev. B 78(12), 125410 (2008).
[CrossRef]

J. Yao, Z. Liu, Y. Liu, Y. Wang, C. Sun, G. Bartal, A. M. Stacy, and X. Zhang, “Optical negative refraction in bulk metamaterials of nanowires,” Science 321(5891), 930 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Y. Liu, G. Bartal, and X. Zhang, “All-angle negative refraction and imaging in a bulk medium made of metallic nanowires in the visible region,” Opt. Express 16(20), 15439–15448 (2008), http://www.opticsinfobase.org/oe/abstract.cfm?URI=oe-16-20-15439 .
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

W. Zhang, V. Afshar, H. Ebendorff-Heidepriem, and T. M. Monro, “Record nonlinearity in optical fiber,” Electron. Lett. 44(25), 1453–U115 (2008).
[CrossRef]

J. Xiao, X. Liu, and X. Sun, “Design of a compact polarisation splitter in horizontal multiple-slotted waveguide structures,” Jpn. J. Appl. Phys. 47(5), 3748–3754 (2008).
[CrossRef]

M. A. Foster, A. C. Turner, M. Lipson, and A. L. Gaeta, “Nonlinear optics in photonic nanowires,” Opt. Express 16(2), 1300–1320 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

2007 (2)

G. S. Wiederhecker, C. M. B. Cordeiro, F. Couny, F. Benabid, S. A. Maier, J. C. Knight, C. H. B. Cruz, and H. L. Fragnito, “Field enhancement within an optical fibre with a subwavelength air core,” Nat. Photonics 1(2), 115–118 (2007).
[CrossRef]

H. Ebendorff-Heidepriem and T. M. Monro, “Extrusion of complex preforms for microstructured optical fibers,” Opt. Express 15(23), 15086–15092 (2007), http://www.opticsinfobase.org/oe/abstract.cfm?URI=oe-15-23-15086 .
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

2006 (1)

T. Fujisawa and M. Koshiba, “Polarization-independent optical directional coupler based on slot waveguides,” Opt. Lett. 31(1), 56–58 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

2005 (1)

T. Baehr-Jones, M. Hochberg, C. Walker, and A. Scherer, “High-Q optical resonators in silicon-on insulator-based slot waveguides,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 86(8), 081101 (2005).
[CrossRef]

2004 (2)

V. R. Almeida, Q. Xu, C. A. Barrios, and M. Lipson, “Guiding and confining light in void nanostructure,” Opt. Lett. 29(11), 1209–1211 (2004).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

F. Keilmann, “Near-field microscopy by elastic light scattering from a tip,” Philos. Trans. R. Soc. Lond. A 362(1817), 787–805 (2004).
[CrossRef]

2001 (1)

T. M. Monro, W. Belardi, K. Furusawa, J. C. Baggett, N. G. R. Broderick, and D. J. Richardson, “Sensing with microstructured opticals,” Meas. Sci. Technol. 12(7), 854–858 (2001).
[CrossRef]

1980 (1)

F. T. Geyling and G. M. Homsy, “Extensional instabilities of the glass fiber drawing process,” Glass Technol. 21, 95–102 (1980).

Afshar, V.

W. Zhang, V. Afshar, H. Ebendorff-Heidepriem, and T. M. Monro, “Record nonlinearity in optical fiber,” Electron. Lett. 44(25), 1453–U115 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Afshar V, S.

S. Afshar V and T. M. Monro, “A full vectorial model for pulse propagation in emerging waveguides with subwavelength structures part I: Kerr nonlinearity,” Opt. Express 17(4), 2298–2318 (2009), http://www.opticsinfobase.org/oe/abstract.cfm?URI=oe-17-4-2298 .
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Almeida, V. R.

V. R. Almeida, Q. Xu, C. A. Barrios, and M. Lipson, “Guiding and confining light in void nanostructure,” Opt. Lett. 29(11), 1209–1211 (2004).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Alonso, M. I.

P. D. Lacharmoise, N. G. Tognalli, A. R. Goni, M. I. Alonso, A. Fainstein, R. M. Cole, J. J. Baumberg, J. Garcia de Abajo, and P. N. Bartlett, “Imaging optical near field at metallic nanoscale voids,” Phys. Rev. B 78(12), 125410 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Baehr-Jones, T.

T. Baehr-Jones, M. Hochberg, C. Walker, and A. Scherer, “High-Q optical resonators in silicon-on insulator-based slot waveguides,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 86(8), 081101 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Baggett, J. C.

T. M. Monro, W. Belardi, K. Furusawa, J. C. Baggett, N. G. R. Broderick, and D. J. Richardson, “Sensing with microstructured opticals,” Meas. Sci. Technol. 12(7), 854–858 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Bañuls Polo, M. J.

C. F. Carlborg, K. B. Gylfason, A. Kaźmierczak, F. Dortu, M. J. Bañuls Polo, A. Maquieira Catala, G. M. Kresbach, H. Sohlström, T. Moh, L. Vivien, J. Popplewell, G. Ronan, C. A. Barrios, G. Stemme, and W. van der Wijngaart, “A packaged optical slot-waveguide ring resonator sensor array for multiplex label-free assays in labs-on-chips,” Lab Chip 10(3), 281 (2010).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Barrios, C. A.

C. F. Carlborg, K. B. Gylfason, A. Kaźmierczak, F. Dortu, M. J. Bañuls Polo, A. Maquieira Catala, G. M. Kresbach, H. Sohlström, T. Moh, L. Vivien, J. Popplewell, G. Ronan, C. A. Barrios, G. Stemme, and W. van der Wijngaart, “A packaged optical slot-waveguide ring resonator sensor array for multiplex label-free assays in labs-on-chips,” Lab Chip 10(3), 281 (2010).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

K. B. Gylfason, C. F. Carlborg, A. Kaźmierczak, F. Dortu, H. Sohlström, L. Vivien, C. A. Barrios, W. van der Wijngaart, and G. Stemme, “On-chip temperature compensation in an integrated slot-waveguide ring resonator refractive index sensor array,” Opt. Express 18(4), 3226–3237 (2010), http://www.opticsexpress.org/ .
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

V. R. Almeida, Q. Xu, C. A. Barrios, and M. Lipson, “Guiding and confining light in void nanostructure,” Opt. Lett. 29(11), 1209–1211 (2004).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Bartal, G.

J. Yao, Z. Liu, Y. Liu, Y. Wang, C. Sun, G. Bartal, A. M. Stacy, and X. Zhang, “Optical negative refraction in bulk metamaterials of nanowires,” Science 321(5891), 930 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Y. Liu, G. Bartal, and X. Zhang, “All-angle negative refraction and imaging in a bulk medium made of metallic nanowires in the visible region,” Opt. Express 16(20), 15439–15448 (2008), http://www.opticsinfobase.org/oe/abstract.cfm?URI=oe-16-20-15439 .
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Bartlett, P. N.

P. D. Lacharmoise, N. G. Tognalli, A. R. Goni, M. I. Alonso, A. Fainstein, R. M. Cole, J. J. Baumberg, J. Garcia de Abajo, and P. N. Bartlett, “Imaging optical near field at metallic nanoscale voids,” Phys. Rev. B 78(12), 125410 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Baumberg, J. J.

P. D. Lacharmoise, N. G. Tognalli, A. R. Goni, M. I. Alonso, A. Fainstein, R. M. Cole, J. J. Baumberg, J. Garcia de Abajo, and P. N. Bartlett, “Imaging optical near field at metallic nanoscale voids,” Phys. Rev. B 78(12), 125410 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Beausoleil, R. G.

L. Zhang, Y. Yue, Y. Xiao-Li, R. G. Beausoleil, and A. E. Willner, “Highly dispersive slot waveguides,” Opt. Express 17(9), 7095–7101 (2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Belardi, W.

T. M. Monro, W. Belardi, K. Furusawa, J. C. Baggett, N. G. R. Broderick, and D. J. Richardson, “Sensing with microstructured opticals,” Meas. Sci. Technol. 12(7), 854–858 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Benabid, F.

G. S. Wiederhecker, C. M. B. Cordeiro, F. Couny, F. Benabid, S. A. Maier, J. C. Knight, C. H. B. Cruz, and H. L. Fragnito, “Field enhancement within an optical fibre with a subwavelength air core,” Nat. Photonics 1(2), 115–118 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Blasco, J.

A. Martínez, J. Blasco, P. Sanchis, J. V. Galán, J. García-Rupérez, E. Jordana, P. Gautier, Y. Lebour, S. Hernández, R. Guider, N. Daldosso, B. Garrido, J. M. Fedeli, L. Pavesi, J. Martí, and R. Spano, “Ultrafast all-optical switching in a silicon-nanocrystal-based silicon slot waveguide at telecom wavelengths,” Nano Lett. 10(4), 1506–1511 (2010).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

J. Blasco, J. V. Galán, P. Sanchis, J. M. Martínez, A. Martínez, E. Jordana, J. M. Fedeli, and J. Martí, “FWM in silicon nanocrystal-based sandwiched slot waveguides,” Opt. Commun. 283(3), 435–437 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Broderick, N. G. R.

T. M. Monro, W. Belardi, K. Furusawa, J. C. Baggett, N. G. R. Broderick, and D. J. Richardson, “Sensing with microstructured opticals,” Meas. Sci. Technol. 12(7), 854–858 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Carlborg, C. F.

C. F. Carlborg, K. B. Gylfason, A. Kaźmierczak, F. Dortu, M. J. Bañuls Polo, A. Maquieira Catala, G. M. Kresbach, H. Sohlström, T. Moh, L. Vivien, J. Popplewell, G. Ronan, C. A. Barrios, G. Stemme, and W. van der Wijngaart, “A packaged optical slot-waveguide ring resonator sensor array for multiplex label-free assays in labs-on-chips,” Lab Chip 10(3), 281 (2010).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

K. B. Gylfason, C. F. Carlborg, A. Kaźmierczak, F. Dortu, H. Sohlström, L. Vivien, C. A. Barrios, W. van der Wijngaart, and G. Stemme, “On-chip temperature compensation in an integrated slot-waveguide ring resonator refractive index sensor array,” Opt. Express 18(4), 3226–3237 (2010), http://www.opticsexpress.org/ .
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Cole, R. M.

P. D. Lacharmoise, N. G. Tognalli, A. R. Goni, M. I. Alonso, A. Fainstein, R. M. Cole, J. J. Baumberg, J. Garcia de Abajo, and P. N. Bartlett, “Imaging optical near field at metallic nanoscale voids,” Phys. Rev. B 78(12), 125410 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Cordeiro, C. M. B.

G. S. Wiederhecker, C. M. B. Cordeiro, F. Couny, F. Benabid, S. A. Maier, J. C. Knight, C. H. B. Cruz, and H. L. Fragnito, “Field enhancement within an optical fibre with a subwavelength air core,” Nat. Photonics 1(2), 115–118 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Couny, F.

G. S. Wiederhecker, C. M. B. Cordeiro, F. Couny, F. Benabid, S. A. Maier, J. C. Knight, C. H. B. Cruz, and H. L. Fragnito, “Field enhancement within an optical fibre with a subwavelength air core,” Nat. Photonics 1(2), 115–118 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Cruz, C. H. B.

G. S. Wiederhecker, C. M. B. Cordeiro, F. Couny, F. Benabid, S. A. Maier, J. C. Knight, C. H. B. Cruz, and H. L. Fragnito, “Field enhancement within an optical fibre with a subwavelength air core,” Nat. Photonics 1(2), 115–118 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Daldosso, N.

A. Martínez, J. Blasco, P. Sanchis, J. V. Galán, J. García-Rupérez, E. Jordana, P. Gautier, Y. Lebour, S. Hernández, R. Guider, N. Daldosso, B. Garrido, J. M. Fedeli, L. Pavesi, J. Martí, and R. Spano, “Ultrafast all-optical switching in a silicon-nanocrystal-based silicon slot waveguide at telecom wavelengths,” Nano Lett. 10(4), 1506–1511 (2010).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Davis, C.

S. C. Warren-Smith, H. Ebendorff-Heidepriem, T. C. Foo, R. Moore, C. Davis, and T. M. Monro, “Exposed-core microstructured optical fibers for real-time fluorescence sensing,” Opt. Express 17(21), 18533–18542 (2009), http://www.opticsinfobase.org/oe/abstract.cfm?URI=oe-17-21-18533 .
[CrossRef]

Dortu, F.

K. B. Gylfason, C. F. Carlborg, A. Kaźmierczak, F. Dortu, H. Sohlström, L. Vivien, C. A. Barrios, W. van der Wijngaart, and G. Stemme, “On-chip temperature compensation in an integrated slot-waveguide ring resonator refractive index sensor array,” Opt. Express 18(4), 3226–3237 (2010), http://www.opticsexpress.org/ .
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

C. F. Carlborg, K. B. Gylfason, A. Kaźmierczak, F. Dortu, M. J. Bañuls Polo, A. Maquieira Catala, G. M. Kresbach, H. Sohlström, T. Moh, L. Vivien, J. Popplewell, G. Ronan, C. A. Barrios, G. Stemme, and W. van der Wijngaart, “A packaged optical slot-waveguide ring resonator sensor array for multiplex label-free assays in labs-on-chips,” Lab Chip 10(3), 281 (2010).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Ebendorff-Heidepriem, H.

H. Ebendorff-Heidepriem, S. C. Warren-Smith, and T. M. Monro, “Suspended nanowires: fabrication, design and characterization of fibers with nanoscale cores,” Opt. Express 17(4), 2646–2657 (2009), http://www.opticsinfobase.org/oe/abstract.cfm?URI=oe-17-4-2646 .
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

S. C. Warren-Smith, H. Ebendorff-Heidepriem, T. C. Foo, R. Moore, C. Davis, and T. M. Monro, “Exposed-core microstructured optical fibers for real-time fluorescence sensing,” Opt. Express 17(21), 18533–18542 (2009), http://www.opticsinfobase.org/oe/abstract.cfm?URI=oe-17-21-18533 .
[CrossRef]

W. Zhang, V. Afshar, H. Ebendorff-Heidepriem, and T. M. Monro, “Record nonlinearity in optical fiber,” Electron. Lett. 44(25), 1453–U115 (2008).
[CrossRef]

H. Ebendorff-Heidepriem and T. M. Monro, “Extrusion of complex preforms for microstructured optical fibers,” Opt. Express 15(23), 15086–15092 (2007), http://www.opticsinfobase.org/oe/abstract.cfm?URI=oe-15-23-15086 .
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Fainstein, A.

P. D. Lacharmoise, N. G. Tognalli, A. R. Goni, M. I. Alonso, A. Fainstein, R. M. Cole, J. J. Baumberg, J. Garcia de Abajo, and P. N. Bartlett, “Imaging optical near field at metallic nanoscale voids,” Phys. Rev. B 78(12), 125410 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Fedeli, J. M.

J. Blasco, J. V. Galán, P. Sanchis, J. M. Martínez, A. Martínez, E. Jordana, J. M. Fedeli, and J. Martí, “FWM in silicon nanocrystal-based sandwiched slot waveguides,” Opt. Commun. 283(3), 435–437 (2010).
[CrossRef]

A. Martínez, J. Blasco, P. Sanchis, J. V. Galán, J. García-Rupérez, E. Jordana, P. Gautier, Y. Lebour, S. Hernández, R. Guider, N. Daldosso, B. Garrido, J. M. Fedeli, L. Pavesi, J. Martí, and R. Spano, “Ultrafast all-optical switching in a silicon-nanocrystal-based silicon slot waveguide at telecom wavelengths,” Nano Lett. 10(4), 1506–1511 (2010).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Fitt, A. D.

C. J. Voyce, A. D. Fitt, J. R. Hayes, and T. M. Monro, “Mathematical modeling of the self-pressurizing mechanism for microstructured fiber drawing,” J. Lightwave Technol. 27(7), 871–878 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Foo, T. C.

S. C. Warren-Smith, H. Ebendorff-Heidepriem, T. C. Foo, R. Moore, C. Davis, and T. M. Monro, “Exposed-core microstructured optical fibers for real-time fluorescence sensing,” Opt. Express 17(21), 18533–18542 (2009), http://www.opticsinfobase.org/oe/abstract.cfm?URI=oe-17-21-18533 .
[CrossRef]

Foster, M. A.

M. A. Foster, A. C. Turner, M. Lipson, and A. L. Gaeta, “Nonlinear optics in photonic nanowires,” Opt. Express 16(2), 1300–1320 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Fragnito, H. L.

G. S. Wiederhecker, C. M. B. Cordeiro, F. Couny, F. Benabid, S. A. Maier, J. C. Knight, C. H. B. Cruz, and H. L. Fragnito, “Field enhancement within an optical fibre with a subwavelength air core,” Nat. Photonics 1(2), 115–118 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Fujisawa, T.

T. Fujisawa and M. Koshiba, “Polarization-independent optical directional coupler based on slot waveguides,” Opt. Lett. 31(1), 56–58 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Furusawa, K.

T. M. Monro, W. Belardi, K. Furusawa, J. C. Baggett, N. G. R. Broderick, and D. J. Richardson, “Sensing with microstructured opticals,” Meas. Sci. Technol. 12(7), 854–858 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Gaeta, A. L.

M. A. Foster, A. C. Turner, M. Lipson, and A. L. Gaeta, “Nonlinear optics in photonic nanowires,” Opt. Express 16(2), 1300–1320 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Galán, J. V.

J. Blasco, J. V. Galán, P. Sanchis, J. M. Martínez, A. Martínez, E. Jordana, J. M. Fedeli, and J. Martí, “FWM in silicon nanocrystal-based sandwiched slot waveguides,” Opt. Commun. 283(3), 435–437 (2010).
[CrossRef]

A. Martínez, J. Blasco, P. Sanchis, J. V. Galán, J. García-Rupérez, E. Jordana, P. Gautier, Y. Lebour, S. Hernández, R. Guider, N. Daldosso, B. Garrido, J. M. Fedeli, L. Pavesi, J. Martí, and R. Spano, “Ultrafast all-optical switching in a silicon-nanocrystal-based silicon slot waveguide at telecom wavelengths,” Nano Lett. 10(4), 1506–1511 (2010).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Garcia de Abajo, J.

P. D. Lacharmoise, N. G. Tognalli, A. R. Goni, M. I. Alonso, A. Fainstein, R. M. Cole, J. J. Baumberg, J. Garcia de Abajo, and P. N. Bartlett, “Imaging optical near field at metallic nanoscale voids,” Phys. Rev. B 78(12), 125410 (2008).
[CrossRef]

García-Rupérez, J.

A. Martínez, J. Blasco, P. Sanchis, J. V. Galán, J. García-Rupérez, E. Jordana, P. Gautier, Y. Lebour, S. Hernández, R. Guider, N. Daldosso, B. Garrido, J. M. Fedeli, L. Pavesi, J. Martí, and R. Spano, “Ultrafast all-optical switching in a silicon-nanocrystal-based silicon slot waveguide at telecom wavelengths,” Nano Lett. 10(4), 1506–1511 (2010).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Garrido, B.

A. Martínez, J. Blasco, P. Sanchis, J. V. Galán, J. García-Rupérez, E. Jordana, P. Gautier, Y. Lebour, S. Hernández, R. Guider, N. Daldosso, B. Garrido, J. M. Fedeli, L. Pavesi, J. Martí, and R. Spano, “Ultrafast all-optical switching in a silicon-nanocrystal-based silicon slot waveguide at telecom wavelengths,” Nano Lett. 10(4), 1506–1511 (2010).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Gautier, P.

A. Martínez, J. Blasco, P. Sanchis, J. V. Galán, J. García-Rupérez, E. Jordana, P. Gautier, Y. Lebour, S. Hernández, R. Guider, N. Daldosso, B. Garrido, J. M. Fedeli, L. Pavesi, J. Martí, and R. Spano, “Ultrafast all-optical switching in a silicon-nanocrystal-based silicon slot waveguide at telecom wavelengths,” Nano Lett. 10(4), 1506–1511 (2010).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Geyling, F. T.

F. T. Geyling and G. M. Homsy, “Extensional instabilities of the glass fiber drawing process,” Glass Technol. 21, 95–102 (1980).

Gibson, B. C.

M. P. Hiscocks, C. H. Su, B. C. Gibson, A. D. Greentree, L. C. L. Hollenberg, and F. Ladouceur, “Slot-waveguide cavities for optical quantum information applications,” Opt. Express 17(9), 7295–7303 (2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Goni, A. R.

P. D. Lacharmoise, N. G. Tognalli, A. R. Goni, M. I. Alonso, A. Fainstein, R. M. Cole, J. J. Baumberg, J. Garcia de Abajo, and P. N. Bartlett, “Imaging optical near field at metallic nanoscale voids,” Phys. Rev. B 78(12), 125410 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Greentree, A. D.

M. P. Hiscocks, C. H. Su, B. C. Gibson, A. D. Greentree, L. C. L. Hollenberg, and F. Ladouceur, “Slot-waveguide cavities for optical quantum information applications,” Opt. Express 17(9), 7295–7303 (2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Guider, R.

A. Martínez, J. Blasco, P. Sanchis, J. V. Galán, J. García-Rupérez, E. Jordana, P. Gautier, Y. Lebour, S. Hernández, R. Guider, N. Daldosso, B. Garrido, J. M. Fedeli, L. Pavesi, J. Martí, and R. Spano, “Ultrafast all-optical switching in a silicon-nanocrystal-based silicon slot waveguide at telecom wavelengths,” Nano Lett. 10(4), 1506–1511 (2010).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Gylfason, K. B.

K. B. Gylfason, C. F. Carlborg, A. Kaźmierczak, F. Dortu, H. Sohlström, L. Vivien, C. A. Barrios, W. van der Wijngaart, and G. Stemme, “On-chip temperature compensation in an integrated slot-waveguide ring resonator refractive index sensor array,” Opt. Express 18(4), 3226–3237 (2010), http://www.opticsexpress.org/ .
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

C. F. Carlborg, K. B. Gylfason, A. Kaźmierczak, F. Dortu, M. J. Bañuls Polo, A. Maquieira Catala, G. M. Kresbach, H. Sohlström, T. Moh, L. Vivien, J. Popplewell, G. Ronan, C. A. Barrios, G. Stemme, and W. van der Wijngaart, “A packaged optical slot-waveguide ring resonator sensor array for multiplex label-free assays in labs-on-chips,” Lab Chip 10(3), 281 (2010).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Hayes, J. R.

C. J. Voyce, A. D. Fitt, J. R. Hayes, and T. M. Monro, “Mathematical modeling of the self-pressurizing mechanism for microstructured fiber drawing,” J. Lightwave Technol. 27(7), 871–878 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Hernández, S.

A. Martínez, J. Blasco, P. Sanchis, J. V. Galán, J. García-Rupérez, E. Jordana, P. Gautier, Y. Lebour, S. Hernández, R. Guider, N. Daldosso, B. Garrido, J. M. Fedeli, L. Pavesi, J. Martí, and R. Spano, “Ultrafast all-optical switching in a silicon-nanocrystal-based silicon slot waveguide at telecom wavelengths,” Nano Lett. 10(4), 1506–1511 (2010).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Hiscocks, M. P.

M. P. Hiscocks, C. H. Su, B. C. Gibson, A. D. Greentree, L. C. L. Hollenberg, and F. Ladouceur, “Slot-waveguide cavities for optical quantum information applications,” Opt. Express 17(9), 7295–7303 (2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Hochberg, M.

T. Baehr-Jones, M. Hochberg, C. Walker, and A. Scherer, “High-Q optical resonators in silicon-on insulator-based slot waveguides,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 86(8), 081101 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Hollenberg, L. C. L.

M. P. Hiscocks, C. H. Su, B. C. Gibson, A. D. Greentree, L. C. L. Hollenberg, and F. Ladouceur, “Slot-waveguide cavities for optical quantum information applications,” Opt. Express 17(9), 7295–7303 (2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Homsy, G. M.

F. T. Geyling and G. M. Homsy, “Extensional instabilities of the glass fiber drawing process,” Glass Technol. 21, 95–102 (1980).

Jordana, E.

A. Martínez, J. Blasco, P. Sanchis, J. V. Galán, J. García-Rupérez, E. Jordana, P. Gautier, Y. Lebour, S. Hernández, R. Guider, N. Daldosso, B. Garrido, J. M. Fedeli, L. Pavesi, J. Martí, and R. Spano, “Ultrafast all-optical switching in a silicon-nanocrystal-based silicon slot waveguide at telecom wavelengths,” Nano Lett. 10(4), 1506–1511 (2010).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

J. Blasco, J. V. Galán, P. Sanchis, J. M. Martínez, A. Martínez, E. Jordana, J. M. Fedeli, and J. Martí, “FWM in silicon nanocrystal-based sandwiched slot waveguides,” Opt. Commun. 283(3), 435–437 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Kazmierczak, A.

C. F. Carlborg, K. B. Gylfason, A. Kaźmierczak, F. Dortu, M. J. Bañuls Polo, A. Maquieira Catala, G. M. Kresbach, H. Sohlström, T. Moh, L. Vivien, J. Popplewell, G. Ronan, C. A. Barrios, G. Stemme, and W. van der Wijngaart, “A packaged optical slot-waveguide ring resonator sensor array for multiplex label-free assays in labs-on-chips,” Lab Chip 10(3), 281 (2010).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

K. B. Gylfason, C. F. Carlborg, A. Kaźmierczak, F. Dortu, H. Sohlström, L. Vivien, C. A. Barrios, W. van der Wijngaart, and G. Stemme, “On-chip temperature compensation in an integrated slot-waveguide ring resonator refractive index sensor array,” Opt. Express 18(4), 3226–3237 (2010), http://www.opticsexpress.org/ .
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Keilmann, F.

F. Keilmann, “Near-field microscopy by elastic light scattering from a tip,” Philos. Trans. R. Soc. Lond. A 362(1817), 787–805 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Knight, J. C.

G. S. Wiederhecker, C. M. B. Cordeiro, F. Couny, F. Benabid, S. A. Maier, J. C. Knight, C. H. B. Cruz, and H. L. Fragnito, “Field enhancement within an optical fibre with a subwavelength air core,” Nat. Photonics 1(2), 115–118 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Koshiba, M.

T. Fujisawa and M. Koshiba, “Polarization-independent optical directional coupler based on slot waveguides,” Opt. Lett. 31(1), 56–58 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Kresbach, G. M.

C. F. Carlborg, K. B. Gylfason, A. Kaźmierczak, F. Dortu, M. J. Bañuls Polo, A. Maquieira Catala, G. M. Kresbach, H. Sohlström, T. Moh, L. Vivien, J. Popplewell, G. Ronan, C. A. Barrios, G. Stemme, and W. van der Wijngaart, “A packaged optical slot-waveguide ring resonator sensor array for multiplex label-free assays in labs-on-chips,” Lab Chip 10(3), 281 (2010).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Lacharmoise, P. D.

P. D. Lacharmoise, N. G. Tognalli, A. R. Goni, M. I. Alonso, A. Fainstein, R. M. Cole, J. J. Baumberg, J. Garcia de Abajo, and P. N. Bartlett, “Imaging optical near field at metallic nanoscale voids,” Phys. Rev. B 78(12), 125410 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Ladouceur, F.

M. P. Hiscocks, C. H. Su, B. C. Gibson, A. D. Greentree, L. C. L. Hollenberg, and F. Ladouceur, “Slot-waveguide cavities for optical quantum information applications,” Opt. Express 17(9), 7295–7303 (2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Lebour, Y.

A. Martínez, J. Blasco, P. Sanchis, J. V. Galán, J. García-Rupérez, E. Jordana, P. Gautier, Y. Lebour, S. Hernández, R. Guider, N. Daldosso, B. Garrido, J. M. Fedeli, L. Pavesi, J. Martí, and R. Spano, “Ultrafast all-optical switching in a silicon-nanocrystal-based silicon slot waveguide at telecom wavelengths,” Nano Lett. 10(4), 1506–1511 (2010).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Lipson, M.

M. A. Foster, A. C. Turner, M. Lipson, and A. L. Gaeta, “Nonlinear optics in photonic nanowires,” Opt. Express 16(2), 1300–1320 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

V. R. Almeida, Q. Xu, C. A. Barrios, and M. Lipson, “Guiding and confining light in void nanostructure,” Opt. Lett. 29(11), 1209–1211 (2004).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Liu, X.

J. Xiao, X. Liu, and X. Sun, “Design of a compact polarisation splitter in horizontal multiple-slotted waveguide structures,” Jpn. J. Appl. Phys. 47(5), 3748–3754 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Liu, Y.

Y. Liu, G. Bartal, and X. Zhang, “All-angle negative refraction and imaging in a bulk medium made of metallic nanowires in the visible region,” Opt. Express 16(20), 15439–15448 (2008), http://www.opticsinfobase.org/oe/abstract.cfm?URI=oe-16-20-15439 .
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

J. Yao, Z. Liu, Y. Liu, Y. Wang, C. Sun, G. Bartal, A. M. Stacy, and X. Zhang, “Optical negative refraction in bulk metamaterials of nanowires,” Science 321(5891), 930 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Liu, Z.

J. Yao, Z. Liu, Y. Liu, Y. Wang, C. Sun, G. Bartal, A. M. Stacy, and X. Zhang, “Optical negative refraction in bulk metamaterials of nanowires,” Science 321(5891), 930 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Maier, S. A.

G. S. Wiederhecker, C. M. B. Cordeiro, F. Couny, F. Benabid, S. A. Maier, J. C. Knight, C. H. B. Cruz, and H. L. Fragnito, “Field enhancement within an optical fibre with a subwavelength air core,” Nat. Photonics 1(2), 115–118 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Maquieira Catala, A.

C. F. Carlborg, K. B. Gylfason, A. Kaźmierczak, F. Dortu, M. J. Bañuls Polo, A. Maquieira Catala, G. M. Kresbach, H. Sohlström, T. Moh, L. Vivien, J. Popplewell, G. Ronan, C. A. Barrios, G. Stemme, and W. van der Wijngaart, “A packaged optical slot-waveguide ring resonator sensor array for multiplex label-free assays in labs-on-chips,” Lab Chip 10(3), 281 (2010).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Martí, J.

J. Blasco, J. V. Galán, P. Sanchis, J. M. Martínez, A. Martínez, E. Jordana, J. M. Fedeli, and J. Martí, “FWM in silicon nanocrystal-based sandwiched slot waveguides,” Opt. Commun. 283(3), 435–437 (2010).
[CrossRef]

A. Martínez, J. Blasco, P. Sanchis, J. V. Galán, J. García-Rupérez, E. Jordana, P. Gautier, Y. Lebour, S. Hernández, R. Guider, N. Daldosso, B. Garrido, J. M. Fedeli, L. Pavesi, J. Martí, and R. Spano, “Ultrafast all-optical switching in a silicon-nanocrystal-based silicon slot waveguide at telecom wavelengths,” Nano Lett. 10(4), 1506–1511 (2010).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Martínez, A.

A. Martínez, J. Blasco, P. Sanchis, J. V. Galán, J. García-Rupérez, E. Jordana, P. Gautier, Y. Lebour, S. Hernández, R. Guider, N. Daldosso, B. Garrido, J. M. Fedeli, L. Pavesi, J. Martí, and R. Spano, “Ultrafast all-optical switching in a silicon-nanocrystal-based silicon slot waveguide at telecom wavelengths,” Nano Lett. 10(4), 1506–1511 (2010).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

J. Blasco, J. V. Galán, P. Sanchis, J. M. Martínez, A. Martínez, E. Jordana, J. M. Fedeli, and J. Martí, “FWM in silicon nanocrystal-based sandwiched slot waveguides,” Opt. Commun. 283(3), 435–437 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Martínez, J. M.

J. Blasco, J. V. Galán, P. Sanchis, J. M. Martínez, A. Martínez, E. Jordana, J. M. Fedeli, and J. Martí, “FWM in silicon nanocrystal-based sandwiched slot waveguides,” Opt. Commun. 283(3), 435–437 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Moh, T.

C. F. Carlborg, K. B. Gylfason, A. Kaźmierczak, F. Dortu, M. J. Bañuls Polo, A. Maquieira Catala, G. M. Kresbach, H. Sohlström, T. Moh, L. Vivien, J. Popplewell, G. Ronan, C. A. Barrios, G. Stemme, and W. van der Wijngaart, “A packaged optical slot-waveguide ring resonator sensor array for multiplex label-free assays in labs-on-chips,” Lab Chip 10(3), 281 (2010).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Monro, T. M.

S. Afshar V and T. M. Monro, “A full vectorial model for pulse propagation in emerging waveguides with subwavelength structures part I: Kerr nonlinearity,” Opt. Express 17(4), 2298–2318 (2009), http://www.opticsinfobase.org/oe/abstract.cfm?URI=oe-17-4-2298 .
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

C. J. Voyce, A. D. Fitt, J. R. Hayes, and T. M. Monro, “Mathematical modeling of the self-pressurizing mechanism for microstructured fiber drawing,” J. Lightwave Technol. 27(7), 871–878 (2009).
[CrossRef]

H. Ebendorff-Heidepriem, S. C. Warren-Smith, and T. M. Monro, “Suspended nanowires: fabrication, design and characterization of fibers with nanoscale cores,” Opt. Express 17(4), 2646–2657 (2009), http://www.opticsinfobase.org/oe/abstract.cfm?URI=oe-17-4-2646 .
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

S. C. Warren-Smith, H. Ebendorff-Heidepriem, T. C. Foo, R. Moore, C. Davis, and T. M. Monro, “Exposed-core microstructured optical fibers for real-time fluorescence sensing,” Opt. Express 17(21), 18533–18542 (2009), http://www.opticsinfobase.org/oe/abstract.cfm?URI=oe-17-21-18533 .
[CrossRef]

W. Zhang, V. Afshar, H. Ebendorff-Heidepriem, and T. M. Monro, “Record nonlinearity in optical fiber,” Electron. Lett. 44(25), 1453–U115 (2008).
[CrossRef]

H. Ebendorff-Heidepriem and T. M. Monro, “Extrusion of complex preforms for microstructured optical fibers,” Opt. Express 15(23), 15086–15092 (2007), http://www.opticsinfobase.org/oe/abstract.cfm?URI=oe-15-23-15086 .
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

T. M. Monro, W. Belardi, K. Furusawa, J. C. Baggett, N. G. R. Broderick, and D. J. Richardson, “Sensing with microstructured opticals,” Meas. Sci. Technol. 12(7), 854–858 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Moore, R.

S. C. Warren-Smith, H. Ebendorff-Heidepriem, T. C. Foo, R. Moore, C. Davis, and T. M. Monro, “Exposed-core microstructured optical fibers for real-time fluorescence sensing,” Opt. Express 17(21), 18533–18542 (2009), http://www.opticsinfobase.org/oe/abstract.cfm?URI=oe-17-21-18533 .
[CrossRef]

Pavesi, L.

A. Martínez, J. Blasco, P. Sanchis, J. V. Galán, J. García-Rupérez, E. Jordana, P. Gautier, Y. Lebour, S. Hernández, R. Guider, N. Daldosso, B. Garrido, J. M. Fedeli, L. Pavesi, J. Martí, and R. Spano, “Ultrafast all-optical switching in a silicon-nanocrystal-based silicon slot waveguide at telecom wavelengths,” Nano Lett. 10(4), 1506–1511 (2010).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Popplewell, J.

C. F. Carlborg, K. B. Gylfason, A. Kaźmierczak, F. Dortu, M. J. Bañuls Polo, A. Maquieira Catala, G. M. Kresbach, H. Sohlström, T. Moh, L. Vivien, J. Popplewell, G. Ronan, C. A. Barrios, G. Stemme, and W. van der Wijngaart, “A packaged optical slot-waveguide ring resonator sensor array for multiplex label-free assays in labs-on-chips,” Lab Chip 10(3), 281 (2010).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Richardson, D. J.

T. M. Monro, W. Belardi, K. Furusawa, J. C. Baggett, N. G. R. Broderick, and D. J. Richardson, “Sensing with microstructured opticals,” Meas. Sci. Technol. 12(7), 854–858 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Ronan, G.

C. F. Carlborg, K. B. Gylfason, A. Kaźmierczak, F. Dortu, M. J. Bañuls Polo, A. Maquieira Catala, G. M. Kresbach, H. Sohlström, T. Moh, L. Vivien, J. Popplewell, G. Ronan, C. A. Barrios, G. Stemme, and W. van der Wijngaart, “A packaged optical slot-waveguide ring resonator sensor array for multiplex label-free assays in labs-on-chips,” Lab Chip 10(3), 281 (2010).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Sanchis, P.

J. Blasco, J. V. Galán, P. Sanchis, J. M. Martínez, A. Martínez, E. Jordana, J. M. Fedeli, and J. Martí, “FWM in silicon nanocrystal-based sandwiched slot waveguides,” Opt. Commun. 283(3), 435–437 (2010).
[CrossRef]

A. Martínez, J. Blasco, P. Sanchis, J. V. Galán, J. García-Rupérez, E. Jordana, P. Gautier, Y. Lebour, S. Hernández, R. Guider, N. Daldosso, B. Garrido, J. M. Fedeli, L. Pavesi, J. Martí, and R. Spano, “Ultrafast all-optical switching in a silicon-nanocrystal-based silicon slot waveguide at telecom wavelengths,” Nano Lett. 10(4), 1506–1511 (2010).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Scherer, A.

T. Baehr-Jones, M. Hochberg, C. Walker, and A. Scherer, “High-Q optical resonators in silicon-on insulator-based slot waveguides,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 86(8), 081101 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Sohlström, H.

K. B. Gylfason, C. F. Carlborg, A. Kaźmierczak, F. Dortu, H. Sohlström, L. Vivien, C. A. Barrios, W. van der Wijngaart, and G. Stemme, “On-chip temperature compensation in an integrated slot-waveguide ring resonator refractive index sensor array,” Opt. Express 18(4), 3226–3237 (2010), http://www.opticsexpress.org/ .
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

C. F. Carlborg, K. B. Gylfason, A. Kaźmierczak, F. Dortu, M. J. Bañuls Polo, A. Maquieira Catala, G. M. Kresbach, H. Sohlström, T. Moh, L. Vivien, J. Popplewell, G. Ronan, C. A. Barrios, G. Stemme, and W. van der Wijngaart, “A packaged optical slot-waveguide ring resonator sensor array for multiplex label-free assays in labs-on-chips,” Lab Chip 10(3), 281 (2010).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Spano, R.

A. Martínez, J. Blasco, P. Sanchis, J. V. Galán, J. García-Rupérez, E. Jordana, P. Gautier, Y. Lebour, S. Hernández, R. Guider, N. Daldosso, B. Garrido, J. M. Fedeli, L. Pavesi, J. Martí, and R. Spano, “Ultrafast all-optical switching in a silicon-nanocrystal-based silicon slot waveguide at telecom wavelengths,” Nano Lett. 10(4), 1506–1511 (2010).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Stacy, A. M.

J. Yao, Z. Liu, Y. Liu, Y. Wang, C. Sun, G. Bartal, A. M. Stacy, and X. Zhang, “Optical negative refraction in bulk metamaterials of nanowires,” Science 321(5891), 930 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Stemme, G.

C. F. Carlborg, K. B. Gylfason, A. Kaźmierczak, F. Dortu, M. J. Bañuls Polo, A. Maquieira Catala, G. M. Kresbach, H. Sohlström, T. Moh, L. Vivien, J. Popplewell, G. Ronan, C. A. Barrios, G. Stemme, and W. van der Wijngaart, “A packaged optical slot-waveguide ring resonator sensor array for multiplex label-free assays in labs-on-chips,” Lab Chip 10(3), 281 (2010).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

K. B. Gylfason, C. F. Carlborg, A. Kaźmierczak, F. Dortu, H. Sohlström, L. Vivien, C. A. Barrios, W. van der Wijngaart, and G. Stemme, “On-chip temperature compensation in an integrated slot-waveguide ring resonator refractive index sensor array,” Opt. Express 18(4), 3226–3237 (2010), http://www.opticsexpress.org/ .
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Su, C. H.

M. P. Hiscocks, C. H. Su, B. C. Gibson, A. D. Greentree, L. C. L. Hollenberg, and F. Ladouceur, “Slot-waveguide cavities for optical quantum information applications,” Opt. Express 17(9), 7295–7303 (2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Sun, C.

J. Yao, Z. Liu, Y. Liu, Y. Wang, C. Sun, G. Bartal, A. M. Stacy, and X. Zhang, “Optical negative refraction in bulk metamaterials of nanowires,” Science 321(5891), 930 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Sun, X.

J. Xiao, X. Liu, and X. Sun, “Design of a compact polarisation splitter in horizontal multiple-slotted waveguide structures,” Jpn. J. Appl. Phys. 47(5), 3748–3754 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Tognalli, N. G.

P. D. Lacharmoise, N. G. Tognalli, A. R. Goni, M. I. Alonso, A. Fainstein, R. M. Cole, J. J. Baumberg, J. Garcia de Abajo, and P. N. Bartlett, “Imaging optical near field at metallic nanoscale voids,” Phys. Rev. B 78(12), 125410 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Turner, A. C.

M. A. Foster, A. C. Turner, M. Lipson, and A. L. Gaeta, “Nonlinear optics in photonic nanowires,” Opt. Express 16(2), 1300–1320 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

van der Wijngaart, W.

C. F. Carlborg, K. B. Gylfason, A. Kaźmierczak, F. Dortu, M. J. Bañuls Polo, A. Maquieira Catala, G. M. Kresbach, H. Sohlström, T. Moh, L. Vivien, J. Popplewell, G. Ronan, C. A. Barrios, G. Stemme, and W. van der Wijngaart, “A packaged optical slot-waveguide ring resonator sensor array for multiplex label-free assays in labs-on-chips,” Lab Chip 10(3), 281 (2010).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

K. B. Gylfason, C. F. Carlborg, A. Kaźmierczak, F. Dortu, H. Sohlström, L. Vivien, C. A. Barrios, W. van der Wijngaart, and G. Stemme, “On-chip temperature compensation in an integrated slot-waveguide ring resonator refractive index sensor array,” Opt. Express 18(4), 3226–3237 (2010), http://www.opticsexpress.org/ .
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Vivien, L.

K. B. Gylfason, C. F. Carlborg, A. Kaźmierczak, F. Dortu, H. Sohlström, L. Vivien, C. A. Barrios, W. van der Wijngaart, and G. Stemme, “On-chip temperature compensation in an integrated slot-waveguide ring resonator refractive index sensor array,” Opt. Express 18(4), 3226–3237 (2010), http://www.opticsexpress.org/ .
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

C. F. Carlborg, K. B. Gylfason, A. Kaźmierczak, F. Dortu, M. J. Bañuls Polo, A. Maquieira Catala, G. M. Kresbach, H. Sohlström, T. Moh, L. Vivien, J. Popplewell, G. Ronan, C. A. Barrios, G. Stemme, and W. van der Wijngaart, “A packaged optical slot-waveguide ring resonator sensor array for multiplex label-free assays in labs-on-chips,” Lab Chip 10(3), 281 (2010).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Voyce, C. J.

C. J. Voyce, A. D. Fitt, J. R. Hayes, and T. M. Monro, “Mathematical modeling of the self-pressurizing mechanism for microstructured fiber drawing,” J. Lightwave Technol. 27(7), 871–878 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Walker, C.

T. Baehr-Jones, M. Hochberg, C. Walker, and A. Scherer, “High-Q optical resonators in silicon-on insulator-based slot waveguides,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 86(8), 081101 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Wang, Y.

J. Yao, Z. Liu, Y. Liu, Y. Wang, C. Sun, G. Bartal, A. M. Stacy, and X. Zhang, “Optical negative refraction in bulk metamaterials of nanowires,” Science 321(5891), 930 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Warren-Smith, S. C.

H. Ebendorff-Heidepriem, S. C. Warren-Smith, and T. M. Monro, “Suspended nanowires: fabrication, design and characterization of fibers with nanoscale cores,” Opt. Express 17(4), 2646–2657 (2009), http://www.opticsinfobase.org/oe/abstract.cfm?URI=oe-17-4-2646 .
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

S. C. Warren-Smith, H. Ebendorff-Heidepriem, T. C. Foo, R. Moore, C. Davis, and T. M. Monro, “Exposed-core microstructured optical fibers for real-time fluorescence sensing,” Opt. Express 17(21), 18533–18542 (2009), http://www.opticsinfobase.org/oe/abstract.cfm?URI=oe-17-21-18533 .
[CrossRef]

Wiederhecker, G. S.

G. S. Wiederhecker, C. M. B. Cordeiro, F. Couny, F. Benabid, S. A. Maier, J. C. Knight, C. H. B. Cruz, and H. L. Fragnito, “Field enhancement within an optical fibre with a subwavelength air core,” Nat. Photonics 1(2), 115–118 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Willner, A. E.

L. Zhang, Y. Yue, Y. Xiao-Li, R. G. Beausoleil, and A. E. Willner, “Highly dispersive slot waveguides,” Opt. Express 17(9), 7095–7101 (2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Xiao, J.

J. Xiao, X. Liu, and X. Sun, “Design of a compact polarisation splitter in horizontal multiple-slotted waveguide structures,” Jpn. J. Appl. Phys. 47(5), 3748–3754 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Xiao-Li, Y.

L. Zhang, Y. Yue, Y. Xiao-Li, R. G. Beausoleil, and A. E. Willner, “Highly dispersive slot waveguides,” Opt. Express 17(9), 7095–7101 (2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Xu, Q.

V. R. Almeida, Q. Xu, C. A. Barrios, and M. Lipson, “Guiding and confining light in void nanostructure,” Opt. Lett. 29(11), 1209–1211 (2004).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Yao, J.

J. Yao, Z. Liu, Y. Liu, Y. Wang, C. Sun, G. Bartal, A. M. Stacy, and X. Zhang, “Optical negative refraction in bulk metamaterials of nanowires,” Science 321(5891), 930 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Yue, Y.

L. Zhang, Y. Yue, Y. Xiao-Li, R. G. Beausoleil, and A. E. Willner, “Highly dispersive slot waveguides,” Opt. Express 17(9), 7095–7101 (2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Zhang, L.

L. Zhang, Y. Yue, Y. Xiao-Li, R. G. Beausoleil, and A. E. Willner, “Highly dispersive slot waveguides,” Opt. Express 17(9), 7095–7101 (2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Zhang, W.

W. Zhang, V. Afshar, H. Ebendorff-Heidepriem, and T. M. Monro, “Record nonlinearity in optical fiber,” Electron. Lett. 44(25), 1453–U115 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Zhang, X.

Y. Liu, G. Bartal, and X. Zhang, “All-angle negative refraction and imaging in a bulk medium made of metallic nanowires in the visible region,” Opt. Express 16(20), 15439–15448 (2008), http://www.opticsinfobase.org/oe/abstract.cfm?URI=oe-16-20-15439 .
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

J. Yao, Z. Liu, Y. Liu, Y. Wang, C. Sun, G. Bartal, A. M. Stacy, and X. Zhang, “Optical negative refraction in bulk metamaterials of nanowires,” Science 321(5891), 930 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Appl. Phys. Lett. (1)

T. Baehr-Jones, M. Hochberg, C. Walker, and A. Scherer, “High-Q optical resonators in silicon-on insulator-based slot waveguides,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 86(8), 081101 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Electron. Lett. (1)

W. Zhang, V. Afshar, H. Ebendorff-Heidepriem, and T. M. Monro, “Record nonlinearity in optical fiber,” Electron. Lett. 44(25), 1453–U115 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Glass Technol. (1)

F. T. Geyling and G. M. Homsy, “Extensional instabilities of the glass fiber drawing process,” Glass Technol. 21, 95–102 (1980).

J. Lightwave Technol. (1)

C. J. Voyce, A. D. Fitt, J. R. Hayes, and T. M. Monro, “Mathematical modeling of the self-pressurizing mechanism for microstructured fiber drawing,” J. Lightwave Technol. 27(7), 871–878 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Jpn. J. Appl. Phys. (1)

J. Xiao, X. Liu, and X. Sun, “Design of a compact polarisation splitter in horizontal multiple-slotted waveguide structures,” Jpn. J. Appl. Phys. 47(5), 3748–3754 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Lab Chip (1)

C. F. Carlborg, K. B. Gylfason, A. Kaźmierczak, F. Dortu, M. J. Bañuls Polo, A. Maquieira Catala, G. M. Kresbach, H. Sohlström, T. Moh, L. Vivien, J. Popplewell, G. Ronan, C. A. Barrios, G. Stemme, and W. van der Wijngaart, “A packaged optical slot-waveguide ring resonator sensor array for multiplex label-free assays in labs-on-chips,” Lab Chip 10(3), 281 (2010).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Meas. Sci. Technol. (1)

T. M. Monro, W. Belardi, K. Furusawa, J. C. Baggett, N. G. R. Broderick, and D. J. Richardson, “Sensing with microstructured opticals,” Meas. Sci. Technol. 12(7), 854–858 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Nano Lett. (1)

A. Martínez, J. Blasco, P. Sanchis, J. V. Galán, J. García-Rupérez, E. Jordana, P. Gautier, Y. Lebour, S. Hernández, R. Guider, N. Daldosso, B. Garrido, J. M. Fedeli, L. Pavesi, J. Martí, and R. Spano, “Ultrafast all-optical switching in a silicon-nanocrystal-based silicon slot waveguide at telecom wavelengths,” Nano Lett. 10(4), 1506–1511 (2010).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Nat. Photonics (1)

G. S. Wiederhecker, C. M. B. Cordeiro, F. Couny, F. Benabid, S. A. Maier, J. C. Knight, C. H. B. Cruz, and H. L. Fragnito, “Field enhancement within an optical fibre with a subwavelength air core,” Nat. Photonics 1(2), 115–118 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Opt. Commun. (1)

J. Blasco, J. V. Galán, P. Sanchis, J. M. Martínez, A. Martínez, E. Jordana, J. M. Fedeli, and J. Martí, “FWM in silicon nanocrystal-based sandwiched slot waveguides,” Opt. Commun. 283(3), 435–437 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Opt. Express (9)

K. B. Gylfason, C. F. Carlborg, A. Kaźmierczak, F. Dortu, H. Sohlström, L. Vivien, C. A. Barrios, W. van der Wijngaart, and G. Stemme, “On-chip temperature compensation in an integrated slot-waveguide ring resonator refractive index sensor array,” Opt. Express 18(4), 3226–3237 (2010), http://www.opticsexpress.org/ .
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

M. A. Foster, A. C. Turner, M. Lipson, and A. L. Gaeta, “Nonlinear optics in photonic nanowires,” Opt. Express 16(2), 1300–1320 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

S. Afshar V and T. M. Monro, “A full vectorial model for pulse propagation in emerging waveguides with subwavelength structures part I: Kerr nonlinearity,” Opt. Express 17(4), 2298–2318 (2009), http://www.opticsinfobase.org/oe/abstract.cfm?URI=oe-17-4-2298 .
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

H. Ebendorff-Heidepriem and T. M. Monro, “Extrusion of complex preforms for microstructured optical fibers,” Opt. Express 15(23), 15086–15092 (2007), http://www.opticsinfobase.org/oe/abstract.cfm?URI=oe-15-23-15086 .
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

H. Ebendorff-Heidepriem, S. C. Warren-Smith, and T. M. Monro, “Suspended nanowires: fabrication, design and characterization of fibers with nanoscale cores,” Opt. Express 17(4), 2646–2657 (2009), http://www.opticsinfobase.org/oe/abstract.cfm?URI=oe-17-4-2646 .
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

M. P. Hiscocks, C. H. Su, B. C. Gibson, A. D. Greentree, L. C. L. Hollenberg, and F. Ladouceur, “Slot-waveguide cavities for optical quantum information applications,” Opt. Express 17(9), 7295–7303 (2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

L. Zhang, Y. Yue, Y. Xiao-Li, R. G. Beausoleil, and A. E. Willner, “Highly dispersive slot waveguides,” Opt. Express 17(9), 7095–7101 (2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Y. Liu, G. Bartal, and X. Zhang, “All-angle negative refraction and imaging in a bulk medium made of metallic nanowires in the visible region,” Opt. Express 16(20), 15439–15448 (2008), http://www.opticsinfobase.org/oe/abstract.cfm?URI=oe-16-20-15439 .
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

S. C. Warren-Smith, H. Ebendorff-Heidepriem, T. C. Foo, R. Moore, C. Davis, and T. M. Monro, “Exposed-core microstructured optical fibers for real-time fluorescence sensing,” Opt. Express 17(21), 18533–18542 (2009), http://www.opticsinfobase.org/oe/abstract.cfm?URI=oe-17-21-18533 .
[CrossRef]

Opt. Lett. (2)

V. R. Almeida, Q. Xu, C. A. Barrios, and M. Lipson, “Guiding and confining light in void nanostructure,” Opt. Lett. 29(11), 1209–1211 (2004).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

T. Fujisawa and M. Koshiba, “Polarization-independent optical directional coupler based on slot waveguides,” Opt. Lett. 31(1), 56–58 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Philos. Trans. R. Soc. Lond. A (1)

F. Keilmann, “Near-field microscopy by elastic light scattering from a tip,” Philos. Trans. R. Soc. Lond. A 362(1817), 787–805 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Phys. Rev. B (1)

P. D. Lacharmoise, N. G. Tognalli, A. R. Goni, M. I. Alonso, A. Fainstein, R. M. Cole, J. J. Baumberg, J. Garcia de Abajo, and P. N. Bartlett, “Imaging optical near field at metallic nanoscale voids,” Phys. Rev. B 78(12), 125410 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Science (1)

J. Yao, Z. Liu, Y. Liu, Y. Wang, C. Sun, G. Bartal, A. M. Stacy, and X. Zhang, “Optical negative refraction in bulk metamaterials of nanowires,” Science 321(5891), 930 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Other (2)

http://www.azonano.com/details.asp?ArticleID=2250

C. R. Pollock, Fundamentals of Optoelectronics (Ceramic Book & Literature Service, 2003), Chap. 1.

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Figures (5)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1

Extruded elements: (a) tube core preform; (b) cladding-preform; (c) jacket tube. SEM images of (d) whole ; (e) fiber cladding region; (f) core region with hole of 45nm diameter; (g) images of core hole with diameters of 20nm, 45nm, and 80nm.

Fig. 2
Fig. 2

Modeled parameters for the fabricated F2 MOFs. (a). the confined power and average mode intensity inside the central core hole as a function of the hole diameter; (b). cross section of the power flow of the mode field for definition of the contrast. The cross section direction is parallel to the polarisation direction of the electric field; (c) and (d). contrast dependence on propagation distance to the fiber endface. (c) for the wavelength of 632nm, and (d) for 1550nm.

Fig. 3
Fig. 3

Observation of the mode field in near field using SNOM for a MOF with a 80nm core hole size. (a) topography of the fiber endface; (b) cross sectional profile of (a) in the core region; (c) measured near field intensity; (d) modeled power flow at the plane 10nm from the fiber end; (e) cross-section profiles of (c) (red curve) and (d) (black curve).

Fig. 4
Fig. 4

Comparison of the measured and modeled field intensity from one MOF at two wavelengths of 632nm and 1550nm. The core and cetral hole diameter of the MOF is 2 μm and 250nm, respectively. The first column is the modeled power flow and the second column is their corresponding cross sections. The third column is the measured power flow at 20nm distance to the fiber endface and the fourth column is their corresponding cross sections.

Fig. 5
Fig. 5

Contrast of the power flow patterns at the 20nm distance from the fiber end as a function of the core hole diameter of the MOFs at the wavelength of 1550nm.

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