Abstract

A mid-infrared synchronously pumped optical parametric oscillator pumped by a femtosecond erbium-doped fiber laser is demonstrated and characterised. The idler is tunable from 3.7–4.7 μm, with a maximum average power of 37 mW and a pulse length of ∼ 480 fs at 4 μm. We compare the experimental results with numerical results based on an extensive simulation model.

© 2010 Optical Society of America

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  1. K. C. Burr, C. L. Tang, M. A. Arbore, and M. M. Fejer, "Broadly tunable mid-infrared femtosecond optical parametric oscillator using all-solid-state-pumped periodically poled lithium niobate," Opt. Lett. 22, 1458-1460 (1997).
    [CrossRef]
  2. E. C. Cheung, K. Koch, and G. T. Moore, "Silver thiogallate, singly resonant optical parametric oscillator pumped by a continuous-wave mode-locked Nd:YAG laser," Opt. Lett. 19, 631-633 (1994).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  3. S. Marzenell, R. Beigang, and R. Wallenstein, "Synchronously pumped femtosecond optical parametric oscillator based on AgGaSe2 tunable from 2 μm to 8 μm," Appl. Phys. B 69, 423-428 (1999).
    [CrossRef]
  4. M. Ebrahimzadeh, "Mid-infrared ultrafast and continuous-wave optical parametric oscillators," Top. Appl. Phys. 89, 179-218 (2003).
  5. G. Anstett, F. Ruebel, and J. A. L’Huillier, "Generation of powerful tunable mid-infrared picosecond laser radiation using frequency conversion in periodically poled Lithium niobate," in "Advanced Solid-State Photonics (ASSP) on CD-ROM," (The Optical Society, Washington, DC, 2010), Paper AWD3.
  6. J.-B. Dherbecourt, A. Godard, M. Raybaut, J.-M. Melkonian, and M. Lefebvre, "Picosecond synchronously pumped ZnGeP2 optical parametric oscillator," Opt. Lett. 35, 2197-2199 (2010).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  7. T. Südmeyer, E. Innerhofer, F. Brunner, R. Paschotta, T. Usami, H. Ito, S. Kurimura, K. Kitamura, D. C. Hanna, and U. Keller, "High-power femtosecond fiber-feedback optical parametric oscillator based on periodically poled stoichiometric LiTaO3," Opt. Lett. 29, 1111-1113 (2004).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  8. M. V. O’Connor, M. A. Watson, D. P. Shepherd, D. C. Hanna, J. H. V. Price, A. Malinowski, J. Nilsson, N. G. R. Broderick, D. J. Richardson, and L. Lefort, "Synchronously pumped optical parametric oscillator driven by a femtosecond mode-locked fiber laser," Opt. Lett. 27, 1052-1054 (2002).
    [CrossRef]
  9. F. Adler, K. C. Cossel, M. J. Thorpe, I. Hartl, M. E. Fermann, and J. Ye, "Phase-stabilized, 1.5 W frequency comb at 2.8-4.8 μm," Opt. Lett. 34, 1330-1332 (2009).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  10. T. P. Lamour, L. Kornaszewski, J. H. Sun, and D. T. Reid, "Yb:fiber-laser-pumped high-energy picosecond optical parametric oscillator," Opt. Express 17, 14229-14234 (2009).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  11. F. Kienle, K. K. Chen, S.-u. Alam, C. B. E. Gawith, J. I. Mackenzie, D. C. Hanna, D. J. Richardson, and D. P. Shepherd, "High-power, variable repetition rate, picosecond optical parametric oscillator pumped by an amplified gain-switched diode," Opt. Express 18, 7602-7610 (2010).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  12. O. Kokabee, A. Esteban-Martin, and M. Ebrahim-Zadeh, "Efficient, high-power, ytterbium-fiber-laser-pumped picosecond optical parametric oscillator," Opt. Lett. 35, 3210-3212 (2010).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  13. A. P. Sukhorukov, and A. K. Shchednova, "Parametric amplification of light in the field of a modulated laser wave," Sov. Phys. JETP 33, 677-682 (1971).
  14. G. Arisholm, "General analysis of group velocity effects in collinear optical parametric amplifiers and generators," Opt. Express 15, 6513-6527 (2007).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  15. J. R. Schwesyg, C. R. Phillips, K. Ioakeimidi, M. C. C. Kajiyama, M. Falk, D. H. Jundt, K. Buse, and M. M. Fejer, "Suppression of mid-infrared light absorption in undoped congruent lithium niobate crystals," Opt. Lett. 35, 1070-1072 (2010).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  16. P. E. Britton, H. L. Offerhaus, D. J. Richardson, P. G. R. Smith, G. W. Ross, and D. C. Hanna, "Parametric oscillator directly pumped by a 1.55-μm erbium-fiber laser," Opt. Lett. 24, 975-977 (1999).
    [CrossRef]
  17. S. Desmoulins, and F. Di Teodoro, "Watt-level, high-repetition-rate, mid-infrared pulses generated by wavelength conversion of an eye-safe fiber source," Opt. Lett. 32, 56-58 (2007).
    [CrossRef]
  18. A. Galvanauskas, M. A. Arbore, M. M. Fejer, M. E. Fermann, and D. Harter, "Fiber-laser-based femtosecond parametric generator in bulk periodically poled LiNbO3," Opt. Lett. 22, 105-107 (1997).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  19. C. Erny, K. Moutzouris, J. Biegert, D. Kühlke, F. Adler, A. Leitenstorfer, and U. Keller, "Mid-infrared difference frequency generation of ultrashort pulses tunable between 3.2 and 4.8 μm from a compact fiber source," Opt. Lett. 32, 1138-1140 (2007).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  20. M. W. Haakestad, H. Fonnum, E. Lippert, and K. Stenersen, "Mid-infrared optical parametric oscillator pumped by a femtosecond erbium-doped fiber laser," in "Advanced Solid-State Photonics (ASSP) on CD-ROM," (The Optical Society, Washington, DC, 2010), Paper ATuA25.
  21. K. L. Vodopyanov, N. C. Leindecker, R. L. Byer, and V. Pervak, "More than 1000-nm-wide mid-IR frequency comb based on divide-by-2 optical parametric oscillator," in "Conference on Lasers and Electro-Optics, OSA Technical Digest (CD)," (Optical Society of America, 2010), Paper CThH5.
  22. R. Trebino, K. W. DeLong, D. N. Fittinghoff, J. N. Sweetser, M. A. Krumbugel, B. A. Richman, and D. J. Kane, "Measuring ultrashort laser pulses in the time-frequency domain using frequency-resolved optical gating," Rev. Sci. Instrum. 68, 3277-3295 (1997).
    [CrossRef]
  23. L. E. Myers, and W. R. Bosenberg, "Periodically poled lithium niobate and quasi-phase-matched optical parametric oscillators," IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 33, 1663-1672 (1997).
    [CrossRef]
  24. T. Andres, P. Haag, S. Zelt, J.-P. Meyn, A. Borsutzky, R. Beigang, and R. Wallenstein, "Synchronously pumped femtosecond optical parametric oscillator of congruent and stoichiometric MgO-doped periodically poled lithium noibate," Appl. Phys. B 76, 241-244 (2003).
    [CrossRef]
  25. D. H. Jundt, "Temperature-dependent Sellmeier equation for the index of refraction, ne, in congruent lithium niobate," Opt. Lett. 22, 1553-1555 (1997).
    [CrossRef]
  26. G. Arisholm, G. Rustad, and K. Stenersen, "Importance of pump-beam group velocity for back conversion in optical parametric oscillators," J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 18, 1882-1890 (2001).
    [CrossRef]
  27. A. V. Smith, "Bandwidth and group-velocity effects in nanosecond optical parametric amplifiers and oscillators," J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 22, 1953-1965 (2005).
    [CrossRef]
  28. R. W. Boyd, Nonlinear Optics (Academic Press, San Diego, 2003), chap. 2.
  29. G. Arisholm, "Quantum noise initiation and macroscopic fluctuations in optical parametric oscillators," J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 16, 117-127 (1999).
    [CrossRef]

2010

2009

2007

2005

2004

2003

T. Andres, P. Haag, S. Zelt, J.-P. Meyn, A. Borsutzky, R. Beigang, and R. Wallenstein, "Synchronously pumped femtosecond optical parametric oscillator of congruent and stoichiometric MgO-doped periodically poled lithium noibate," Appl. Phys. B 76, 241-244 (2003).
[CrossRef]

M. Ebrahimzadeh, "Mid-infrared ultrafast and continuous-wave optical parametric oscillators," Top. Appl. Phys. 89, 179-218 (2003).

2002

2001

1999

1997

A. Galvanauskas, M. A. Arbore, M. M. Fejer, M. E. Fermann, and D. Harter, "Fiber-laser-based femtosecond parametric generator in bulk periodically poled LiNbO3," Opt. Lett. 22, 105-107 (1997).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

K. C. Burr, C. L. Tang, M. A. Arbore, and M. M. Fejer, "Broadly tunable mid-infrared femtosecond optical parametric oscillator using all-solid-state-pumped periodically poled lithium niobate," Opt. Lett. 22, 1458-1460 (1997).
[CrossRef]

D. H. Jundt, "Temperature-dependent Sellmeier equation for the index of refraction, ne, in congruent lithium niobate," Opt. Lett. 22, 1553-1555 (1997).
[CrossRef]

R. Trebino, K. W. DeLong, D. N. Fittinghoff, J. N. Sweetser, M. A. Krumbugel, B. A. Richman, and D. J. Kane, "Measuring ultrashort laser pulses in the time-frequency domain using frequency-resolved optical gating," Rev. Sci. Instrum. 68, 3277-3295 (1997).
[CrossRef]

L. E. Myers, and W. R. Bosenberg, "Periodically poled lithium niobate and quasi-phase-matched optical parametric oscillators," IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 33, 1663-1672 (1997).
[CrossRef]

1994

1971

A. P. Sukhorukov, and A. K. Shchednova, "Parametric amplification of light in the field of a modulated laser wave," Sov. Phys. JETP 33, 677-682 (1971).

Adler, F.

Alam, S.-u.

Andres, T.

T. Andres, P. Haag, S. Zelt, J.-P. Meyn, A. Borsutzky, R. Beigang, and R. Wallenstein, "Synchronously pumped femtosecond optical parametric oscillator of congruent and stoichiometric MgO-doped periodically poled lithium noibate," Appl. Phys. B 76, 241-244 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Arbore, M. A.

Arisholm, G.

Beigang, R.

T. Andres, P. Haag, S. Zelt, J.-P. Meyn, A. Borsutzky, R. Beigang, and R. Wallenstein, "Synchronously pumped femtosecond optical parametric oscillator of congruent and stoichiometric MgO-doped periodically poled lithium noibate," Appl. Phys. B 76, 241-244 (2003).
[CrossRef]

S. Marzenell, R. Beigang, and R. Wallenstein, "Synchronously pumped femtosecond optical parametric oscillator based on AgGaSe2 tunable from 2 μm to 8 μm," Appl. Phys. B 69, 423-428 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Biegert, J.

Borsutzky, A.

T. Andres, P. Haag, S. Zelt, J.-P. Meyn, A. Borsutzky, R. Beigang, and R. Wallenstein, "Synchronously pumped femtosecond optical parametric oscillator of congruent and stoichiometric MgO-doped periodically poled lithium noibate," Appl. Phys. B 76, 241-244 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Bosenberg, W. R.

L. E. Myers, and W. R. Bosenberg, "Periodically poled lithium niobate and quasi-phase-matched optical parametric oscillators," IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 33, 1663-1672 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Britton, P. E.

Broderick, N. G. R.

Brunner, F.

Burr, K. C.

Buse, K.

Chen, K. K.

Cheung, E. C.

Cossel, K. C.

DeLong, K. W.

R. Trebino, K. W. DeLong, D. N. Fittinghoff, J. N. Sweetser, M. A. Krumbugel, B. A. Richman, and D. J. Kane, "Measuring ultrashort laser pulses in the time-frequency domain using frequency-resolved optical gating," Rev. Sci. Instrum. 68, 3277-3295 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Desmoulins, S.

Dherbecourt, J.-B.

Di Teodoro, F.

Ebrahimzadeh, M.

M. Ebrahimzadeh, "Mid-infrared ultrafast and continuous-wave optical parametric oscillators," Top. Appl. Phys. 89, 179-218 (2003).

Ebrahim-Zadeh, M.

Erny, C.

Esteban-Martin, A.

Falk, M.

Fejer, M. M.

Fermann, M. E.

Fittinghoff, D. N.

R. Trebino, K. W. DeLong, D. N. Fittinghoff, J. N. Sweetser, M. A. Krumbugel, B. A. Richman, and D. J. Kane, "Measuring ultrashort laser pulses in the time-frequency domain using frequency-resolved optical gating," Rev. Sci. Instrum. 68, 3277-3295 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Galvanauskas, A.

Gawith, C. B. E.

Godard, A.

Haag, P.

T. Andres, P. Haag, S. Zelt, J.-P. Meyn, A. Borsutzky, R. Beigang, and R. Wallenstein, "Synchronously pumped femtosecond optical parametric oscillator of congruent and stoichiometric MgO-doped periodically poled lithium noibate," Appl. Phys. B 76, 241-244 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Hanna, D. C.

Harter, D.

Hartl, I.

Innerhofer, E.

Ioakeimidi, K.

Ito, H.

Jundt, D. H.

Kajiyama, M. C. C.

Kane, D. J.

R. Trebino, K. W. DeLong, D. N. Fittinghoff, J. N. Sweetser, M. A. Krumbugel, B. A. Richman, and D. J. Kane, "Measuring ultrashort laser pulses in the time-frequency domain using frequency-resolved optical gating," Rev. Sci. Instrum. 68, 3277-3295 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Keller, U.

Kienle, F.

Kitamura, K.

Koch, K.

Kokabee, O.

Kornaszewski, L.

Krumbugel, M. A.

R. Trebino, K. W. DeLong, D. N. Fittinghoff, J. N. Sweetser, M. A. Krumbugel, B. A. Richman, and D. J. Kane, "Measuring ultrashort laser pulses in the time-frequency domain using frequency-resolved optical gating," Rev. Sci. Instrum. 68, 3277-3295 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Kühlke, D.

Kurimura, S.

Lamour, T. P.

Lefebvre, M.

Lefort, L.

Leitenstorfer, A.

Mackenzie, J. I.

Malinowski, A.

Marzenell, S.

S. Marzenell, R. Beigang, and R. Wallenstein, "Synchronously pumped femtosecond optical parametric oscillator based on AgGaSe2 tunable from 2 μm to 8 μm," Appl. Phys. B 69, 423-428 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Melkonian, J.-M.

Meyn, J.-P.

T. Andres, P. Haag, S. Zelt, J.-P. Meyn, A. Borsutzky, R. Beigang, and R. Wallenstein, "Synchronously pumped femtosecond optical parametric oscillator of congruent and stoichiometric MgO-doped periodically poled lithium noibate," Appl. Phys. B 76, 241-244 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Moore, G. T.

Moutzouris, K.

Myers, L. E.

L. E. Myers, and W. R. Bosenberg, "Periodically poled lithium niobate and quasi-phase-matched optical parametric oscillators," IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 33, 1663-1672 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Nilsson, J.

O’Connor, M. V.

Offerhaus, H. L.

Paschotta, R.

Phillips, C. R.

Price, J. H. V.

Raybaut, M.

Reid, D. T.

Richardson, D. J.

Richman, B. A.

R. Trebino, K. W. DeLong, D. N. Fittinghoff, J. N. Sweetser, M. A. Krumbugel, B. A. Richman, and D. J. Kane, "Measuring ultrashort laser pulses in the time-frequency domain using frequency-resolved optical gating," Rev. Sci. Instrum. 68, 3277-3295 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Ross, G. W.

Rustad, G.

Schwesyg, J. R.

Shchednova, A. K.

A. P. Sukhorukov, and A. K. Shchednova, "Parametric amplification of light in the field of a modulated laser wave," Sov. Phys. JETP 33, 677-682 (1971).

Shepherd, D. P.

Smith, A. V.

Smith, P. G. R.

Stenersen, K.

Südmeyer, T.

Sukhorukov, A. P.

A. P. Sukhorukov, and A. K. Shchednova, "Parametric amplification of light in the field of a modulated laser wave," Sov. Phys. JETP 33, 677-682 (1971).

Sun, J. H.

Sweetser, J. N.

R. Trebino, K. W. DeLong, D. N. Fittinghoff, J. N. Sweetser, M. A. Krumbugel, B. A. Richman, and D. J. Kane, "Measuring ultrashort laser pulses in the time-frequency domain using frequency-resolved optical gating," Rev. Sci. Instrum. 68, 3277-3295 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Tang, C. L.

Thorpe, M. J.

Trebino, R.

R. Trebino, K. W. DeLong, D. N. Fittinghoff, J. N. Sweetser, M. A. Krumbugel, B. A. Richman, and D. J. Kane, "Measuring ultrashort laser pulses in the time-frequency domain using frequency-resolved optical gating," Rev. Sci. Instrum. 68, 3277-3295 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Usami, T.

Wallenstein, R.

T. Andres, P. Haag, S. Zelt, J.-P. Meyn, A. Borsutzky, R. Beigang, and R. Wallenstein, "Synchronously pumped femtosecond optical parametric oscillator of congruent and stoichiometric MgO-doped periodically poled lithium noibate," Appl. Phys. B 76, 241-244 (2003).
[CrossRef]

S. Marzenell, R. Beigang, and R. Wallenstein, "Synchronously pumped femtosecond optical parametric oscillator based on AgGaSe2 tunable from 2 μm to 8 μm," Appl. Phys. B 69, 423-428 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Watson, M. A.

Ye, J.

Zelt, S.

T. Andres, P. Haag, S. Zelt, J.-P. Meyn, A. Borsutzky, R. Beigang, and R. Wallenstein, "Synchronously pumped femtosecond optical parametric oscillator of congruent and stoichiometric MgO-doped periodically poled lithium noibate," Appl. Phys. B 76, 241-244 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Appl. Phys. B

S. Marzenell, R. Beigang, and R. Wallenstein, "Synchronously pumped femtosecond optical parametric oscillator based on AgGaSe2 tunable from 2 μm to 8 μm," Appl. Phys. B 69, 423-428 (1999).
[CrossRef]

T. Andres, P. Haag, S. Zelt, J.-P. Meyn, A. Borsutzky, R. Beigang, and R. Wallenstein, "Synchronously pumped femtosecond optical parametric oscillator of congruent and stoichiometric MgO-doped periodically poled lithium noibate," Appl. Phys. B 76, 241-244 (2003).
[CrossRef]

IEEE J. Quantum Electron.

L. E. Myers, and W. R. Bosenberg, "Periodically poled lithium niobate and quasi-phase-matched optical parametric oscillators," IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 33, 1663-1672 (1997).
[CrossRef]

J. Opt. Soc. Am. B

Opt. Express

Opt. Lett.

F. Adler, K. C. Cossel, M. J. Thorpe, I. Hartl, M. E. Fermann, and J. Ye, "Phase-stabilized, 1.5 W frequency comb at 2.8-4.8 μm," Opt. Lett. 34, 1330-1332 (2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

E. C. Cheung, K. Koch, and G. T. Moore, "Silver thiogallate, singly resonant optical parametric oscillator pumped by a continuous-wave mode-locked Nd:YAG laser," Opt. Lett. 19, 631-633 (1994).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

J. R. Schwesyg, C. R. Phillips, K. Ioakeimidi, M. C. C. Kajiyama, M. Falk, D. H. Jundt, K. Buse, and M. M. Fejer, "Suppression of mid-infrared light absorption in undoped congruent lithium niobate crystals," Opt. Lett. 35, 1070-1072 (2010).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

J.-B. Dherbecourt, A. Godard, M. Raybaut, J.-M. Melkonian, and M. Lefebvre, "Picosecond synchronously pumped ZnGeP2 optical parametric oscillator," Opt. Lett. 35, 2197-2199 (2010).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

O. Kokabee, A. Esteban-Martin, and M. Ebrahim-Zadeh, "Efficient, high-power, ytterbium-fiber-laser-pumped picosecond optical parametric oscillator," Opt. Lett. 35, 3210-3212 (2010).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

S. Desmoulins, and F. Di Teodoro, "Watt-level, high-repetition-rate, mid-infrared pulses generated by wavelength conversion of an eye-safe fiber source," Opt. Lett. 32, 56-58 (2007).
[CrossRef]

C. Erny, K. Moutzouris, J. Biegert, D. Kühlke, F. Adler, A. Leitenstorfer, and U. Keller, "Mid-infrared difference frequency generation of ultrashort pulses tunable between 3.2 and 4.8 μm from a compact fiber source," Opt. Lett. 32, 1138-1140 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

M. V. O’Connor, M. A. Watson, D. P. Shepherd, D. C. Hanna, J. H. V. Price, A. Malinowski, J. Nilsson, N. G. R. Broderick, D. J. Richardson, and L. Lefort, "Synchronously pumped optical parametric oscillator driven by a femtosecond mode-locked fiber laser," Opt. Lett. 27, 1052-1054 (2002).
[CrossRef]

T. Südmeyer, E. Innerhofer, F. Brunner, R. Paschotta, T. Usami, H. Ito, S. Kurimura, K. Kitamura, D. C. Hanna, and U. Keller, "High-power femtosecond fiber-feedback optical parametric oscillator based on periodically poled stoichiometric LiTaO3," Opt. Lett. 29, 1111-1113 (2004).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

A. Galvanauskas, M. A. Arbore, M. M. Fejer, M. E. Fermann, and D. Harter, "Fiber-laser-based femtosecond parametric generator in bulk periodically poled LiNbO3," Opt. Lett. 22, 105-107 (1997).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

K. C. Burr, C. L. Tang, M. A. Arbore, and M. M. Fejer, "Broadly tunable mid-infrared femtosecond optical parametric oscillator using all-solid-state-pumped periodically poled lithium niobate," Opt. Lett. 22, 1458-1460 (1997).
[CrossRef]

D. H. Jundt, "Temperature-dependent Sellmeier equation for the index of refraction, ne, in congruent lithium niobate," Opt. Lett. 22, 1553-1555 (1997).
[CrossRef]

P. E. Britton, H. L. Offerhaus, D. J. Richardson, P. G. R. Smith, G. W. Ross, and D. C. Hanna, "Parametric oscillator directly pumped by a 1.55-μm erbium-fiber laser," Opt. Lett. 24, 975-977 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Rev. Sci. Instrum.

R. Trebino, K. W. DeLong, D. N. Fittinghoff, J. N. Sweetser, M. A. Krumbugel, B. A. Richman, and D. J. Kane, "Measuring ultrashort laser pulses in the time-frequency domain using frequency-resolved optical gating," Rev. Sci. Instrum. 68, 3277-3295 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Sov. Phys. JETP

A. P. Sukhorukov, and A. K. Shchednova, "Parametric amplification of light in the field of a modulated laser wave," Sov. Phys. JETP 33, 677-682 (1971).

Top. Appl. Phys.

M. Ebrahimzadeh, "Mid-infrared ultrafast and continuous-wave optical parametric oscillators," Top. Appl. Phys. 89, 179-218 (2003).

Other

G. Anstett, F. Ruebel, and J. A. L’Huillier, "Generation of powerful tunable mid-infrared picosecond laser radiation using frequency conversion in periodically poled Lithium niobate," in "Advanced Solid-State Photonics (ASSP) on CD-ROM," (The Optical Society, Washington, DC, 2010), Paper AWD3.

M. W. Haakestad, H. Fonnum, E. Lippert, and K. Stenersen, "Mid-infrared optical parametric oscillator pumped by a femtosecond erbium-doped fiber laser," in "Advanced Solid-State Photonics (ASSP) on CD-ROM," (The Optical Society, Washington, DC, 2010), Paper ATuA25.

K. L. Vodopyanov, N. C. Leindecker, R. L. Byer, and V. Pervak, "More than 1000-nm-wide mid-IR frequency comb based on divide-by-2 optical parametric oscillator," in "Conference on Lasers and Electro-Optics, OSA Technical Digest (CD)," (Optical Society of America, 2010), Paper CThH5.

R. W. Boyd, Nonlinear Optics (Academic Press, San Diego, 2003), chap. 2.

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Figures (8)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1

(a) Measured pump spectrum. (b) Measured intensity autocorrelation for pump, and calculated autocorrelation for test pulse. (c) Test pulse for simulations.

Fig. 2
Fig. 2

Calculated temporal walk-off, v i 1 v s 1 between idler and signal, and v p 1 v s 1 between pump and signal, where v is the group velocity in the nonlinear crystal. The pump wavelength is 1.55 μm.

Fig. 3
Fig. 3

Schematic overview of the synchronously pumped OPO.

Fig. 4
Fig. 4

(a) Measured and simulated input-output curve for 32.5 μm grating. (b) Measured and simulated idler output at full pump power for different grating periods. The pump power is measured in front of L1, and the idler power is measured after L2. The simulations are corrected for the 14% pump loss from outside L1 to inside the nonlinear crystal and the estimated idler losses in the range 20–40% from inside the crystal to after L2.

Fig. 5
Fig. 5

Measured and simulated depleted/undepleted pump spectra, 32.5 μm grating period and full pump power.

Fig. 6
Fig. 6

(a) Measured idler spectra (normalised) for for different grating periods, (b) Measured idler spectra, 32.5 μm grating period, for varying crystal temperature.

Fig. 7
Fig. 7

(a) Measured and simulated intensity autocorrelation for the idler with 32.5 μm grating period. (b) Simulated pulse shape for the idler.

Fig. 8
Fig. 8

Measured and simulated idler power (normalised) as a function of resonator length, 32.5 μm grating period.

Tables (1)

Tables Icon

Table 1 Measured and simulated idler bandwidth (FWHM). The table also shows an estimated idler bandwidth based on the phase-matching acceptance bandwidth

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