Abstract

We introduce a novel architecture for next generation passive optical network (PON) base on the Single-carrier Frequency Division Multiple Address (SC-FDMA) technique. Both downstream and upstream SCFDMA-PON transmissions (5 Gb/s total, 2.5 Gb/s for each user) are experimentally demonstrated over 22.2 km standard single mode fiber and an additional simulated 1:32 optical splitter. We also test the tolerance range of the synchronization error and prove it matches the cyclic prefix period in our scheme, which means the packet transmission accuracy from different optical network units can be relaxed in the upstream.

© 2010 OSA

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  1. T. Koonen, “Fiber to the Home/Fiber to the Premises: What, Where, and When?” Proc. IEEE 94(5), 911–934 (2006).
    [CrossRef]
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    [CrossRef]
  3. R. Davey, J. Kani, F. Bourgart, and K. McCammon, “Options for Future Optical Access Networks,” IEEE Commun. Mag. 44(10), 50–56 (2006).
    [CrossRef]
  4. D. Qian, J. Hu, J. Yu, P. N. Ji, L. Xu, T. Wang, M. Cvijetic, and T. Kusano, “Experimental Demonstration of a Novel OFDM-A Based 10 Gb/s PON Architecture,” in Proc. 33th European Conf. on Opt. Commun. (ECOC 2007), paper Mo 5.4.1, 2007.
  5. D. Qian, N. Cvijetic, J. Hu, and T. Wang, “108Gb/s OFDMA-PON with Polarization Multiplexing and Direct-Detection,” in Optical Fiber Communication Conference, OSA Technical Digest (CD) (Optical Society of America, 2009), paper PDPD5.
  6. D. Qian, J. Hu, P. Ji, T. Wang, and M. Cvijetic, “10-Gb/s OFDMA-PON for Delivery of Heterogeneous Services,” in Optical Fiber Communication Conference and Exposition and The National Fiber Optic Engineers Conference, OSA Technical Digest (CD) (Optical Society of America, 2008), paper OWH4.
  7. P. Tien, Y. Lin, and M. C. Yuang, “A Novel OFDMA-PON Architecture toward Seamless Broadband and Wireless Integration,” in Optical Fiber Communication Conference, OSA Technical Digest (CD) (Optical Society of America, 2009), paper OMV2.
  8. C.-W. Chow, C.-H. Yeh, C.-H. Wang, F.-Y. Shih, C.-L. Pan, and S. Chi, “WDM extended reach passive optical networks using OFDM-QAM,” Opt. Express 16(16), 12096–12101 (2008), http://www.opticsinfobase.org/abstract.cfm?URI=oe-16-16-12096 .
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  9. 3rd Generation Partnership Project, “Physical Layer Aspects for Evolved Universal Terrestrial Radio Access (UTRA),” (2006), http://www.3gpp.org/ftp/Specs/html-info/25814.htm .
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    [CrossRef]
  11. D. Falconer, S. L. Ariyavisitakul, A. Benyamin-Seeyar, and B. Eidson, “Frequency Domain Equalization for Single-Carrier Broadband Wireless Systems,” IEEE Commun. Mag. 40(4), 58–66 (2002).
    [CrossRef]
  12. H. G. Myung, J. Lim, and D. J. Goodman, “Single Carrier FDMA for Uplink Wireless Transmission,” IEEE Trans. Veh. Mag. 1(3), 30–38 (2006).
    [CrossRef]
  13. D. Qian, N. Cvijetic, J. Hu, and T. Wang, “108 Gb/s OFDMA-PON With Polarization Multiplexing and Direct Detection,” J. Lightwave Technol. 28(4), 484–493 (2010).
    [CrossRef]
  14. D. Qian, J. Hu, P. N. Ji, and T. Wang, “10.8-Gb/s OFDMA-PON Transmission Performance Study,” in National Fiber Optic Engineers Conference, OSA Technical Digest (CD) (Optical Society of America, 2009), paper NME6.
  15. D. Qian, N. Cvijetic, Y. Huang, J. Yu, and T. Wang, “100km Long Reach Upstream 36Gb/s-OFDMA-PON over a Single Wavelength with Source-Free ONUs,” in Proc. 35th European Conf. on Opt. Commun. (ECOC 2009), paper 8.5.1, 2009.
  16. Q. Yang, W. Shieh, and Y. Ma, “Guard-band influence on orthogonal-band-multiplexed coherent optical OFDM,” Opt. Lett. 33(19), 2239–2241 (2008).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  17. J.-J. van de Beek, P. O. Borjesson, M.-L. Boucheret, D. Landstrom, J. M. Arenas, P. Odling, C. Ostberg, M. Wahlqvist, and S. K. Wilson, “A Time and Frequency Synchronization Scheme for Multiuser OFDM,” IEEE J. Sel. Areas Comm. 17(11), 1900–1914 (1999).
    [CrossRef]
  18. V. J. Urick, J. X. Qiu, and F. Bucholtz, “Wide-band QAM-over-fiber Using Phase Modulation and Interferometric Demodulation,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 16(10), 2374–2376 (2004).
    [CrossRef]
  19. W. Shieh, W. Chen, and R. S. Tucker, “Polarisation mode dispersion mitigation in coherent optical orthogonal frequency division multiplexed systems,” Electron. Lett. 42(17), 996–997 (2006).
    [CrossRef]

2010 (1)

2008 (2)

2007 (1)

2006 (5)

T. Koonen, “Fiber to the Home/Fiber to the Premises: What, Where, and When?” Proc. IEEE 94(5), 911–934 (2006).
[CrossRef]

R. Davey, J. Kani, F. Bourgart, and K. McCammon, “Options for Future Optical Access Networks,” IEEE Commun. Mag. 44(10), 50–56 (2006).
[CrossRef]

H. Ekström, A. Furuskär, J. Karlsson, M. Meyer, S. Parkvall, J. Torsner, and M. Wahlqvist, “Technical Solutions for the 3G Long-Term Evolution,” IEEE Commun. Mag. 44(3), 38–45 (2006).
[CrossRef]

H. G. Myung, J. Lim, and D. J. Goodman, “Single Carrier FDMA for Uplink Wireless Transmission,” IEEE Trans. Veh. Mag. 1(3), 30–38 (2006).
[CrossRef]

W. Shieh, W. Chen, and R. S. Tucker, “Polarisation mode dispersion mitigation in coherent optical orthogonal frequency division multiplexed systems,” Electron. Lett. 42(17), 996–997 (2006).
[CrossRef]

2004 (1)

V. J. Urick, J. X. Qiu, and F. Bucholtz, “Wide-band QAM-over-fiber Using Phase Modulation and Interferometric Demodulation,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 16(10), 2374–2376 (2004).
[CrossRef]

2002 (1)

D. Falconer, S. L. Ariyavisitakul, A. Benyamin-Seeyar, and B. Eidson, “Frequency Domain Equalization for Single-Carrier Broadband Wireless Systems,” IEEE Commun. Mag. 40(4), 58–66 (2002).
[CrossRef]

1999 (1)

J.-J. van de Beek, P. O. Borjesson, M.-L. Boucheret, D. Landstrom, J. M. Arenas, P. Odling, C. Ostberg, M. Wahlqvist, and S. K. Wilson, “A Time and Frequency Synchronization Scheme for Multiuser OFDM,” IEEE J. Sel. Areas Comm. 17(11), 1900–1914 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Arenas, J. M.

J.-J. van de Beek, P. O. Borjesson, M.-L. Boucheret, D. Landstrom, J. M. Arenas, P. Odling, C. Ostberg, M. Wahlqvist, and S. K. Wilson, “A Time and Frequency Synchronization Scheme for Multiuser OFDM,” IEEE J. Sel. Areas Comm. 17(11), 1900–1914 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Ariyavisitakul, S. L.

D. Falconer, S. L. Ariyavisitakul, A. Benyamin-Seeyar, and B. Eidson, “Frequency Domain Equalization for Single-Carrier Broadband Wireless Systems,” IEEE Commun. Mag. 40(4), 58–66 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Benyamin-Seeyar, A.

D. Falconer, S. L. Ariyavisitakul, A. Benyamin-Seeyar, and B. Eidson, “Frequency Domain Equalization for Single-Carrier Broadband Wireless Systems,” IEEE Commun. Mag. 40(4), 58–66 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Borjesson, P. O.

J.-J. van de Beek, P. O. Borjesson, M.-L. Boucheret, D. Landstrom, J. M. Arenas, P. Odling, C. Ostberg, M. Wahlqvist, and S. K. Wilson, “A Time and Frequency Synchronization Scheme for Multiuser OFDM,” IEEE J. Sel. Areas Comm. 17(11), 1900–1914 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Boucheret, M.-L.

J.-J. van de Beek, P. O. Borjesson, M.-L. Boucheret, D. Landstrom, J. M. Arenas, P. Odling, C. Ostberg, M. Wahlqvist, and S. K. Wilson, “A Time and Frequency Synchronization Scheme for Multiuser OFDM,” IEEE J. Sel. Areas Comm. 17(11), 1900–1914 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Bourgart, F.

R. Davey, J. Kani, F. Bourgart, and K. McCammon, “Options for Future Optical Access Networks,” IEEE Commun. Mag. 44(10), 50–56 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Bucholtz, F.

V. J. Urick, J. X. Qiu, and F. Bucholtz, “Wide-band QAM-over-fiber Using Phase Modulation and Interferometric Demodulation,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 16(10), 2374–2376 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Chen, W.

W. Shieh, W. Chen, and R. S. Tucker, “Polarisation mode dispersion mitigation in coherent optical orthogonal frequency division multiplexed systems,” Electron. Lett. 42(17), 996–997 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Cheng, N.

Chi, S.

Chow, C.-W.

Cvijetic, N.

Davey, R.

R. Davey, J. Kani, F. Bourgart, and K. McCammon, “Options for Future Optical Access Networks,” IEEE Commun. Mag. 44(10), 50–56 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Eidson, B.

D. Falconer, S. L. Ariyavisitakul, A. Benyamin-Seeyar, and B. Eidson, “Frequency Domain Equalization for Single-Carrier Broadband Wireless Systems,” IEEE Commun. Mag. 40(4), 58–66 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Ekström, H.

H. Ekström, A. Furuskär, J. Karlsson, M. Meyer, S. Parkvall, J. Torsner, and M. Wahlqvist, “Technical Solutions for the 3G Long-Term Evolution,” IEEE Commun. Mag. 44(3), 38–45 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Falconer, D.

D. Falconer, S. L. Ariyavisitakul, A. Benyamin-Seeyar, and B. Eidson, “Frequency Domain Equalization for Single-Carrier Broadband Wireless Systems,” IEEE Commun. Mag. 40(4), 58–66 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Furuskär, A.

H. Ekström, A. Furuskär, J. Karlsson, M. Meyer, S. Parkvall, J. Torsner, and M. Wahlqvist, “Technical Solutions for the 3G Long-Term Evolution,” IEEE Commun. Mag. 44(3), 38–45 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Goodman, D. J.

H. G. Myung, J. Lim, and D. J. Goodman, “Single Carrier FDMA for Uplink Wireless Transmission,” IEEE Trans. Veh. Mag. 1(3), 30–38 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Gutierrez, D.

Hu, J.

Kani, J.

R. Davey, J. Kani, F. Bourgart, and K. McCammon, “Options for Future Optical Access Networks,” IEEE Commun. Mag. 44(10), 50–56 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Karlsson, J.

H. Ekström, A. Furuskär, J. Karlsson, M. Meyer, S. Parkvall, J. Torsner, and M. Wahlqvist, “Technical Solutions for the 3G Long-Term Evolution,” IEEE Commun. Mag. 44(3), 38–45 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Kazovsky, L. G.

Koonen, T.

T. Koonen, “Fiber to the Home/Fiber to the Premises: What, Where, and When?” Proc. IEEE 94(5), 911–934 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Landstrom, D.

J.-J. van de Beek, P. O. Borjesson, M.-L. Boucheret, D. Landstrom, J. M. Arenas, P. Odling, C. Ostberg, M. Wahlqvist, and S. K. Wilson, “A Time and Frequency Synchronization Scheme for Multiuser OFDM,” IEEE J. Sel. Areas Comm. 17(11), 1900–1914 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Lim, J.

H. G. Myung, J. Lim, and D. J. Goodman, “Single Carrier FDMA for Uplink Wireless Transmission,” IEEE Trans. Veh. Mag. 1(3), 30–38 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Ma, Y.

McCammon, K.

R. Davey, J. Kani, F. Bourgart, and K. McCammon, “Options for Future Optical Access Networks,” IEEE Commun. Mag. 44(10), 50–56 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Meyer, M.

H. Ekström, A. Furuskär, J. Karlsson, M. Meyer, S. Parkvall, J. Torsner, and M. Wahlqvist, “Technical Solutions for the 3G Long-Term Evolution,” IEEE Commun. Mag. 44(3), 38–45 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Myung, H. G.

H. G. Myung, J. Lim, and D. J. Goodman, “Single Carrier FDMA for Uplink Wireless Transmission,” IEEE Trans. Veh. Mag. 1(3), 30–38 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Odling, P.

J.-J. van de Beek, P. O. Borjesson, M.-L. Boucheret, D. Landstrom, J. M. Arenas, P. Odling, C. Ostberg, M. Wahlqvist, and S. K. Wilson, “A Time and Frequency Synchronization Scheme for Multiuser OFDM,” IEEE J. Sel. Areas Comm. 17(11), 1900–1914 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Ostberg, C.

J.-J. van de Beek, P. O. Borjesson, M.-L. Boucheret, D. Landstrom, J. M. Arenas, P. Odling, C. Ostberg, M. Wahlqvist, and S. K. Wilson, “A Time and Frequency Synchronization Scheme for Multiuser OFDM,” IEEE J. Sel. Areas Comm. 17(11), 1900–1914 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Pan, C.-L.

Parkvall, S.

H. Ekström, A. Furuskär, J. Karlsson, M. Meyer, S. Parkvall, J. Torsner, and M. Wahlqvist, “Technical Solutions for the 3G Long-Term Evolution,” IEEE Commun. Mag. 44(3), 38–45 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Qian, D.

Qiu, J. X.

V. J. Urick, J. X. Qiu, and F. Bucholtz, “Wide-band QAM-over-fiber Using Phase Modulation and Interferometric Demodulation,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 16(10), 2374–2376 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Shaw, W.-T.

Shieh, W.

Q. Yang, W. Shieh, and Y. Ma, “Guard-band influence on orthogonal-band-multiplexed coherent optical OFDM,” Opt. Lett. 33(19), 2239–2241 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

W. Shieh, W. Chen, and R. S. Tucker, “Polarisation mode dispersion mitigation in coherent optical orthogonal frequency division multiplexed systems,” Electron. Lett. 42(17), 996–997 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Shih, F.-Y.

Torsner, J.

H. Ekström, A. Furuskär, J. Karlsson, M. Meyer, S. Parkvall, J. Torsner, and M. Wahlqvist, “Technical Solutions for the 3G Long-Term Evolution,” IEEE Commun. Mag. 44(3), 38–45 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Tucker, R. S.

W. Shieh, W. Chen, and R. S. Tucker, “Polarisation mode dispersion mitigation in coherent optical orthogonal frequency division multiplexed systems,” Electron. Lett. 42(17), 996–997 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Urick, V. J.

V. J. Urick, J. X. Qiu, and F. Bucholtz, “Wide-band QAM-over-fiber Using Phase Modulation and Interferometric Demodulation,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 16(10), 2374–2376 (2004).
[CrossRef]

van de Beek, J.-J.

J.-J. van de Beek, P. O. Borjesson, M.-L. Boucheret, D. Landstrom, J. M. Arenas, P. Odling, C. Ostberg, M. Wahlqvist, and S. K. Wilson, “A Time and Frequency Synchronization Scheme for Multiuser OFDM,” IEEE J. Sel. Areas Comm. 17(11), 1900–1914 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Wahlqvist, M.

H. Ekström, A. Furuskär, J. Karlsson, M. Meyer, S. Parkvall, J. Torsner, and M. Wahlqvist, “Technical Solutions for the 3G Long-Term Evolution,” IEEE Commun. Mag. 44(3), 38–45 (2006).
[CrossRef]

J.-J. van de Beek, P. O. Borjesson, M.-L. Boucheret, D. Landstrom, J. M. Arenas, P. Odling, C. Ostberg, M. Wahlqvist, and S. K. Wilson, “A Time and Frequency Synchronization Scheme for Multiuser OFDM,” IEEE J. Sel. Areas Comm. 17(11), 1900–1914 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Wang, C.-H.

Wang, T.

Wilson, S. K.

J.-J. van de Beek, P. O. Borjesson, M.-L. Boucheret, D. Landstrom, J. M. Arenas, P. Odling, C. Ostberg, M. Wahlqvist, and S. K. Wilson, “A Time and Frequency Synchronization Scheme for Multiuser OFDM,” IEEE J. Sel. Areas Comm. 17(11), 1900–1914 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Wong, S.-W.

Yang, Q.

Yeh, C.-H.

Electron. Lett. (1)

W. Shieh, W. Chen, and R. S. Tucker, “Polarisation mode dispersion mitigation in coherent optical orthogonal frequency division multiplexed systems,” Electron. Lett. 42(17), 996–997 (2006).
[CrossRef]

IEEE Commun. Mag. (3)

R. Davey, J. Kani, F. Bourgart, and K. McCammon, “Options for Future Optical Access Networks,” IEEE Commun. Mag. 44(10), 50–56 (2006).
[CrossRef]

H. Ekström, A. Furuskär, J. Karlsson, M. Meyer, S. Parkvall, J. Torsner, and M. Wahlqvist, “Technical Solutions for the 3G Long-Term Evolution,” IEEE Commun. Mag. 44(3), 38–45 (2006).
[CrossRef]

D. Falconer, S. L. Ariyavisitakul, A. Benyamin-Seeyar, and B. Eidson, “Frequency Domain Equalization for Single-Carrier Broadband Wireless Systems,” IEEE Commun. Mag. 40(4), 58–66 (2002).
[CrossRef]

IEEE J. Sel. Areas Comm. (1)

J.-J. van de Beek, P. O. Borjesson, M.-L. Boucheret, D. Landstrom, J. M. Arenas, P. Odling, C. Ostberg, M. Wahlqvist, and S. K. Wilson, “A Time and Frequency Synchronization Scheme for Multiuser OFDM,” IEEE J. Sel. Areas Comm. 17(11), 1900–1914 (1999).
[CrossRef]

IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. (1)

V. J. Urick, J. X. Qiu, and F. Bucholtz, “Wide-band QAM-over-fiber Using Phase Modulation and Interferometric Demodulation,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 16(10), 2374–2376 (2004).
[CrossRef]

IEEE Trans. Veh. Mag. (1)

H. G. Myung, J. Lim, and D. J. Goodman, “Single Carrier FDMA for Uplink Wireless Transmission,” IEEE Trans. Veh. Mag. 1(3), 30–38 (2006).
[CrossRef]

J. Lightwave Technol. (2)

Opt. Express (1)

Opt. Lett. (1)

Proc. IEEE (1)

T. Koonen, “Fiber to the Home/Fiber to the Premises: What, Where, and When?” Proc. IEEE 94(5), 911–934 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Other (7)

D. Qian, J. Hu, P. N. Ji, and T. Wang, “10.8-Gb/s OFDMA-PON Transmission Performance Study,” in National Fiber Optic Engineers Conference, OSA Technical Digest (CD) (Optical Society of America, 2009), paper NME6.

D. Qian, N. Cvijetic, Y. Huang, J. Yu, and T. Wang, “100km Long Reach Upstream 36Gb/s-OFDMA-PON over a Single Wavelength with Source-Free ONUs,” in Proc. 35th European Conf. on Opt. Commun. (ECOC 2009), paper 8.5.1, 2009.

D. Qian, J. Hu, J. Yu, P. N. Ji, L. Xu, T. Wang, M. Cvijetic, and T. Kusano, “Experimental Demonstration of a Novel OFDM-A Based 10 Gb/s PON Architecture,” in Proc. 33th European Conf. on Opt. Commun. (ECOC 2007), paper Mo 5.4.1, 2007.

D. Qian, N. Cvijetic, J. Hu, and T. Wang, “108Gb/s OFDMA-PON with Polarization Multiplexing and Direct-Detection,” in Optical Fiber Communication Conference, OSA Technical Digest (CD) (Optical Society of America, 2009), paper PDPD5.

D. Qian, J. Hu, P. Ji, T. Wang, and M. Cvijetic, “10-Gb/s OFDMA-PON for Delivery of Heterogeneous Services,” in Optical Fiber Communication Conference and Exposition and The National Fiber Optic Engineers Conference, OSA Technical Digest (CD) (Optical Society of America, 2008), paper OWH4.

P. Tien, Y. Lin, and M. C. Yuang, “A Novel OFDMA-PON Architecture toward Seamless Broadband and Wireless Integration,” in Optical Fiber Communication Conference, OSA Technical Digest (CD) (Optical Society of America, 2009), paper OMV2.

3rd Generation Partnership Project, “Physical Layer Aspects for Evolved Universal Terrestrial Radio Access (UTRA),” (2006), http://www.3gpp.org/ftp/Specs/html-info/25814.htm .

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Figures (9)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1

DSP block diagrams for (a) the SC-FDMA coder (b) the SC-FDMA decoder.

Fig. 2
Fig. 2

Frequency spectrum division for SCFDMA-PON.

Fig. 3
Fig. 3

Basic time-frequency resource structure for SC-FDMA frame.

Fig. 4
Fig. 4

An example to show the tolerance range of the packet latency in SCFDMA-PON.

Fig. 5
Fig. 5

Experimental setup for downstream and upstream SCFDMA-PON. (LD: laser doxide, EA: electrical amplifier, VOA: variable optical attenuator, PD: photodiode).

Fig. 6
Fig. 6

Signal spectrums. (a) downstream for ONU-1&2; (b) simultaneous ONU-1&2 upstream of SC-FDMA signals; (c) single ONU-1 upstream of SC-FDMA signals; (d) single ONU-2 upstream of SC-FDMA signals.

Fig. 7
Fig. 7

SC-FDMA downstream BER performance.

Fig. 8
Fig. 8

SC-FDMA upstream BER performance of ONU-1 (a) and ONU-2 (b).

Fig. 9
Fig. 9

The BER performance under different synchronization errors. (Take the ONU-1 as the synchronization criterion).

Metrics