Abstract

In this paper, we demonstrated a far-field scheme for the manipulation of locally excited surface plasmon polaritons (SPPs). This scheme features steering and shaping capabilities, and relies on the focusing of a high numerical aperture, in conjunction with spatially inhomogeneous polarized (SIP) illumination. We were able to control the propagation and direction of SPPs, via the field distribution of polarization at the entrance pupil, without the need for an aperture, protrusion or any other near-field features. Depending on the axial position of the focus, the field distribution of excited SPPs revealed either counter-propagating interference or a multi-casting plasmonic source. The results of near-field imaging demonstrated the versatility of the SPPs, showing strong agreement with the predictions made during simulations. Due to the simplicity and versatility of the proposed method, we believe that it could have a significant impact the processes employed in the excitation of a variety of SPPs.

© 2010 OSA

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2010 (1)

2009 (4)

2008 (3)

P. S. Tan, X. C. Yuan, J. Lin, Q. Wang, T. Mei, R. E. Burge, and G. G. Mu, “Surface plasmon polaritons generated by optical vortex beams,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 92(11), 3 (2008).
[CrossRef]

A. G. Curto and F. J. G. Abajo, “Near-field optical phase antennas for long-range plasmon coupling,” Nano Lett. 8(8), 2479–2484 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

P. S. Tan, X. C. Yuan, J. Lin, Q. Wang, and R. E. Burge, “Analysis of surface plasmon interference pattern formed by optical vortex beams,” Opt. Express 16(22), 18451–18456 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

2007 (5)

2006 (2)

2005 (4)

2004 (1)

M. I. Stockman, “Nanofocusing of optical energy in tapered plasmonic waveguides,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 93(13), 137404 (2004).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

2003 (1)

W. L. Barnes, A. Dereux, and T. W. Ebbesen, “Surface plasmon subwavelength optics,” Nature 424(6950), 824–830 (2003).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

2002 (1)

H. Ditlbacher, J. R. Krenn, G. Schider, A. Leitner, and F. R. Aussenegg, “Two-dimensional optics with surface plasmon polaritons,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 81(10), 1762–1764 (2002).
[CrossRef]

2001 (1)

1998 (2)

H. Kano, S. Mizuguchi, and S. Kawata, “Excitation of surface-plasmon polaritons by a focused laser beam,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 15(4), 1381–1386 (1998).
[CrossRef]

M. F. Xiao, R. Machorro, and J. Siqueiros, “Interference in far-field radiation of two contra-propagating surface plasmon polaritons in the Kretchmann configuration,” J. Vac. Sci. Technol. A 16(3), 1420–1424 (1998).
[CrossRef]

1997 (2)

T. Wilson, R. Juskaitis, and P. Higdon, “The imaging of dielectric point scatterers in conventional and confocal polarisation microscopes,” Opt. Commun. 141(5-6), 298–313 (1997).
[CrossRef]

S. I. Bozhevolnyi and F. A. Pudonin, “Two-dimensional micro-optics of surface plasmons,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 78(14), 2823–2826 (1997).
[CrossRef]

1996 (1)

B. Hecht, H. Bielefeldt, L. Novotny, Y. Inouye, and D. W. Pohl, “Local excitation, scattering, and interference of surface plasmons,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 77(9), 1889–1892 (1996).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

1995 (1)

1993 (1)

1989 (1)

1988 (1)

H. Raether, “Surface-plasmons on smooth and rough surfaces and on gratings,” Springer Tracts Mod. Phys. 111, 1–133 (1988).

1959 (2)

E. Wolf, “Electromagnetic Diffraction in Optical Systems. I. An Integral Representation of the Image Field,” Proc. R. Soc. Lond. A Math. Phys. Sci. 253(1274), 349–357 (1959).
[CrossRef]

B. Richards and E. Wolf, “Electromagnetic Diffraction in Optical Systems. II. Structure of the Image Field in an Aplanatic System,” Proc. R. Soc. Lond. A Math. Phys. Sci. 253(1274), 358–379 (1959).
[CrossRef]

Abajo, F. J. G.

A. G. Curto and F. J. G. Abajo, “Near-field optical phase antennas for long-range plasmon coupling,” Nano Lett. 8(8), 2479–2484 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Aït-Ameur, K.

Aussenegg, F. R.

H. Ditlbacher, J. R. Krenn, G. Schider, A. Leitner, and F. R. Aussenegg, “Two-dimensional optics with surface plasmon polaritons,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 81(10), 1762–1764 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Baida, F.

Baida, F. I.

Barchiesi, D.

Barnes, W. L.

W. L. Barnes, A. Dereux, and T. W. Ebbesen, “Surface plasmon subwavelength optics,” Nature 424(6950), 824–830 (2003).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Bielefeldt, H.

B. Hecht, H. Bielefeldt, L. Novotny, Y. Inouye, and D. W. Pohl, “Local excitation, scattering, and interference of surface plasmons,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 77(9), 1889–1892 (1996).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Booker, G. R.

Bouhelier, A.

Bozhevolnyi, S. I.

S. I. Bozhevolnyi and F. A. Pudonin, “Two-dimensional micro-optics of surface plasmons,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 78(14), 2823–2826 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Brown, D. E.

L. L. Yin, V. K. Vlasko-Vlasov, J. Pearson, J. M. Hiller, J. Hua, U. Welp, D. E. Brown, and C. W. Kimball, “Subwavelength focusing and guiding of surface plasmons,” Nano Lett. 5(7), 1399–1402 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Brown, T. G.

Bruyant, A.

Burge, R. E.

P. S. Tan, X. C. Yuan, J. Lin, Q. Wang, and R. E. Burge, “Analysis of surface plasmon interference pattern formed by optical vortex beams,” Opt. Express 16(22), 18451–18456 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

P. S. Tan, X. C. Yuan, J. Lin, Q. Wang, T. Mei, R. E. Burge, and G. G. Mu, “Surface plasmon polaritons generated by optical vortex beams,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 92(11), 3 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Chang, R. S.

Charraut, D.

Chen, W. B.

Chen, Z. Y.

L. Z. Rao, J. X. Pu, Z. Y. Chen, and P. Yei, “Focus shaping of cylindrically polarized vortex beams by a high numerical-aperture lens,” Opt. Laser Technol. 41, 241–246 (2009).

Colas des Francs, G.

Courjon, D.

Curto, A. G.

A. G. Curto and F. J. G. Abajo, “Near-field optical phase antennas for long-range plasmon coupling,” Nano Lett. 8(8), 2479–2484 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

de Saint Denis, R.

Dereux, A.

Ditlbacher, H.

H. Ditlbacher, J. R. Krenn, G. Schider, A. Leitner, and F. R. Aussenegg, “Two-dimensional optics with surface plasmon polaritons,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 81(10), 1762–1764 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Ebbesen, T. W.

W. L. Barnes, A. Dereux, and T. W. Ebbesen, “Surface plasmon subwavelength optics,” Nature 424(6950), 824–830 (2003).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Gan, X. S.

Grosjean, T.

Gu, M.

Hecht, B.

B. Hecht, H. Bielefeldt, L. Novotny, Y. Inouye, and D. W. Pohl, “Local excitation, scattering, and interference of surface plasmons,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 77(9), 1889–1892 (1996).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Hierle, R.

Higdon, P.

T. Wilson, R. Juskaitis, and P. Higdon, “The imaging of dielectric point scatterers in conventional and confocal polarisation microscopes,” Opt. Commun. 141(5-6), 298–313 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Hiller, J. M.

L. L. Yin, V. K. Vlasko-Vlasov, J. Pearson, J. M. Hiller, J. Hua, U. Welp, D. E. Brown, and C. W. Kimball, “Subwavelength focusing and guiding of surface plasmons,” Nano Lett. 5(7), 1399–1402 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Hu, Z. J.

Hua, J.

L. L. Yin, V. K. Vlasko-Vlasov, J. Pearson, J. M. Hiller, J. Hua, U. Welp, D. E. Brown, and C. W. Kimball, “Subwavelength focusing and guiding of surface plasmons,” Nano Lett. 5(7), 1399–1402 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Huang, C.

Huser, T.

Ibrahim, I. A.

Iglesias, I.

I. Iglesias and B. Vohnsen, “Polarization structuring for focal volume shaping in high-resolution microscopy,” Opt. Commun. 271(1), 40–47 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Ignatovich, F.

Inouye, Y.

B. Hecht, H. Bielefeldt, L. Novotny, Y. Inouye, and D. W. Pohl, “Local excitation, scattering, and interference of surface plasmons,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 77(9), 1889–1892 (1996).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Jia, B. H.

Juskaitis, R.

T. Wilson, R. Juskaitis, and P. Higdon, “The imaging of dielectric point scatterers in conventional and confocal polarisation microscopes,” Opt. Commun. 141(5-6), 298–313 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Kalaidji, D.

Kano, H.

Kawata, S.

Kimball, C. W.

L. L. Yin, V. K. Vlasko-Vlasov, J. Pearson, J. M. Hiller, J. Hua, U. Welp, D. E. Brown, and C. W. Kimball, “Subwavelength focusing and guiding of surface plasmons,” Nano Lett. 5(7), 1399–1402 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Krenn, J. R.

H. Ditlbacher, J. R. Krenn, G. Schider, A. Leitner, and F. R. Aussenegg, “Two-dimensional optics with surface plasmon polaritons,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 81(10), 1762–1764 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Leitner, A.

H. Ditlbacher, J. R. Krenn, G. Schider, A. Leitner, and F. R. Aussenegg, “Two-dimensional optics with surface plasmon polaritons,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 81(10), 1762–1764 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Lin, J.

P. S. Tan, X. C. Yuan, J. Lin, Q. Wang, T. Mei, R. E. Burge, and G. G. Mu, “Surface plasmon polaritons generated by optical vortex beams,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 92(11), 3 (2008).
[CrossRef]

P. S. Tan, X. C. Yuan, J. Lin, Q. Wang, and R. E. Burge, “Analysis of surface plasmon interference pattern formed by optical vortex beams,” Opt. Express 16(22), 18451–18456 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Liu, S. G.

Machorro, R.

M. F. Xiao, R. Machorro, and J. Siqueiros, “Interference in far-field radiation of two contra-propagating surface plasmon polaritons in the Kretchmann configuration,” J. Vac. Sci. Technol. A 16(3), 1420–1424 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Mansuripur, M.

Marthouret, N.

Mei, T.

P. S. Tan, X. C. Yuan, J. Lin, Q. Wang, T. Mei, R. E. Burge, and G. G. Mu, “Surface plasmon polaritons generated by optical vortex beams,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 92(11), 3 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Mizuguchi, S.

Mu, G. G.

P. S. Tan, X. C. Yuan, J. Lin, Q. Wang, T. Mei, R. E. Burge, and G. G. Mu, “Surface plasmon polaritons generated by optical vortex beams,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 92(11), 3 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Nesterov, A. V.

Niziev, V. G.

Novotny, L.

Passilly, N.

Pearson, J.

L. L. Yin, V. K. Vlasko-Vlasov, J. Pearson, J. M. Hiller, J. Hua, U. Welp, D. E. Brown, and C. W. Kimball, “Subwavelength focusing and guiding of surface plasmons,” Nano Lett. 5(7), 1399–1402 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Piquerey, V.

Pohl, D. W.

F. I. Baida, D. Van Labeke, A. Bouhelier, T. Huser, and D. W. Pohl, “Propagation and diffraction of locally excited surface plasmons,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. A 18(7), 1552–1561 (2001).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

B. Hecht, H. Bielefeldt, L. Novotny, Y. Inouye, and D. W. Pohl, “Local excitation, scattering, and interference of surface plasmons,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 77(9), 1889–1892 (1996).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Pu, J. X.

L. Z. Rao, J. X. Pu, Z. Y. Chen, and P. Yei, “Focus shaping of cylindrically polarized vortex beams by a high numerical-aperture lens,” Opt. Laser Technol. 41, 241–246 (2009).

Pudonin, F. A.

S. I. Bozhevolnyi and F. A. Pudonin, “Two-dimensional micro-optics of surface plasmons,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 78(14), 2823–2826 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Raether, H.

H. Raether, “Surface-plasmons on smooth and rough surfaces and on gratings,” Springer Tracts Mod. Phys. 111, 1–133 (1988).

Rao, L. Z.

L. Z. Rao, J. X. Pu, Z. Y. Chen, and P. Yei, “Focus shaping of cylindrically polarized vortex beams by a high numerical-aperture lens,” Opt. Laser Technol. 41, 241–246 (2009).

Richards, B.

B. Richards and E. Wolf, “Electromagnetic Diffraction in Optical Systems. II. Structure of the Image Field in an Aplanatic System,” Proc. R. Soc. Lond. A Math. Phys. Sci. 253(1274), 358–379 (1959).
[CrossRef]

Roch, J. F. O.

Saleh, S. S.

Sandoz, P.

Schider, G.

H. Ditlbacher, J. R. Krenn, G. Schider, A. Leitner, and F. R. Aussenegg, “Two-dimensional optics with surface plasmon polaritons,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 81(10), 1762–1764 (2002).
[CrossRef]

See, C. W.

Siqueiros, J.

M. F. Xiao, R. Machorro, and J. Siqueiros, “Interference in far-field radiation of two contra-propagating surface plasmon polaritons in the Kretchmann configuration,” J. Vac. Sci. Technol. A 16(3), 1420–1424 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Somekh, M. G.

Spajer, M.

Spilman, A. K.

Stabler, G.

Stockman, M. I.

M. I. Stockman, “Nanofocusing of optical energy in tapered plasmonic waveguides,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 93(13), 137404 (2004).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Suarez, M. A.

Tan, P. S.

Török, P.

Treussart, F.

Van Labeke, D.

Varga, P.

Vlasko-Vlasov, V. K.

L. L. Yin, V. K. Vlasko-Vlasov, J. Pearson, J. M. Hiller, J. Hua, U. Welp, D. E. Brown, and C. W. Kimball, “Subwavelength focusing and guiding of surface plasmons,” Nano Lett. 5(7), 1399–1402 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Vohnsen, B.

I. Iglesias and B. Vohnsen, “Polarization structuring for focal volume shaping in high-resolution microscopy,” Opt. Commun. 271(1), 40–47 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Wang, Q.

P. S. Tan, X. C. Yuan, J. Lin, Q. Wang, T. Mei, R. E. Burge, and G. G. Mu, “Surface plasmon polaritons generated by optical vortex beams,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 92(11), 3 (2008).
[CrossRef]

P. S. Tan, X. C. Yuan, J. Lin, Q. Wang, and R. E. Burge, “Analysis of surface plasmon interference pattern formed by optical vortex beams,” Opt. Express 16(22), 18451–18456 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Weeber, J. C.

Welp, U.

L. L. Yin, V. K. Vlasko-Vlasov, J. Pearson, J. M. Hiller, J. Hua, U. Welp, D. E. Brown, and C. W. Kimball, “Subwavelength focusing and guiding of surface plasmons,” Nano Lett. 5(7), 1399–1402 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Wiederrecht, G. P.

Wilson, T.

T. Wilson, R. Juskaitis, and P. Higdon, “The imaging of dielectric point scatterers in conventional and confocal polarisation microscopes,” Opt. Commun. 141(5-6), 298–313 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Wolf, E.

E. Wolf, “Electromagnetic Diffraction in Optical Systems. I. An Integral Representation of the Image Field,” Proc. R. Soc. Lond. A Math. Phys. Sci. 253(1274), 349–357 (1959).
[CrossRef]

B. Richards and E. Wolf, “Electromagnetic Diffraction in Optical Systems. II. Structure of the Image Field in an Aplanatic System,” Proc. R. Soc. Lond. A Math. Phys. Sci. 253(1274), 358–379 (1959).
[CrossRef]

Xiao, M. F.

M. F. Xiao, R. Machorro, and J. Siqueiros, “Interference in far-field radiation of two contra-propagating surface plasmon polaritons in the Kretchmann configuration,” J. Vac. Sci. Technol. A 16(3), 1420–1424 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Yei, P.

L. Z. Rao, J. X. Pu, Z. Y. Chen, and P. Yei, “Focus shaping of cylindrically polarized vortex beams by a high numerical-aperture lens,” Opt. Laser Technol. 41, 241–246 (2009).

Yin, L. L.

L. L. Yin, V. K. Vlasko-Vlasov, J. Pearson, J. M. Hiller, J. Hua, U. Welp, D. E. Brown, and C. W. Kimball, “Subwavelength focusing and guiding of surface plasmons,” Nano Lett. 5(7), 1399–1402 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Yuan, X. C.

Zhan, Q. W.

Zhang, J.

Zhu, S. W.

Appl. Opt. (4)

Appl. Phys. Lett. (2)

P. S. Tan, X. C. Yuan, J. Lin, Q. Wang, T. Mei, R. E. Burge, and G. G. Mu, “Surface plasmon polaritons generated by optical vortex beams,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 92(11), 3 (2008).
[CrossRef]

H. Ditlbacher, J. R. Krenn, G. Schider, A. Leitner, and F. R. Aussenegg, “Two-dimensional optics with surface plasmon polaritons,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 81(10), 1762–1764 (2002).
[CrossRef]

J. Opt. Soc. Am. A (5)

J. Opt. Soc. Am. B (1)

J. Vac. Sci. Technol. A (1)

M. F. Xiao, R. Machorro, and J. Siqueiros, “Interference in far-field radiation of two contra-propagating surface plasmon polaritons in the Kretchmann configuration,” J. Vac. Sci. Technol. A 16(3), 1420–1424 (1998).
[CrossRef]

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Supplementary Material (4)

» Media 1: MOV (2930 KB)     
» Media 2: MOV (791 KB)     
» Media 3: MOV (1696 KB)     
» Media 4: MOV (3081 KB)     

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