Abstract

An Nd-doped Lu1.5Y1.5Al5O12 (Nd:LuYAG) crystal was obtained by Czochralski method. Absorption and emission spectra were recorded at low and room temperature. Continuous wave (CW) and passively Q-switched laser operations of Nd:LuYAG crystal were, to our knowledge, demonstrated for the first time. A CW output power of 1.67 W with slope efficiency of 39.8% was obtained. In the passively Q-switched operation, the shortest pulse width, largest pulse energy, and highest peak power were achieved to be 9.6 ns, 61.7µJ, and 6.4 kW, respectively, with Cr4+:YAG crystals as the saturable absorbers.

© 2010 OSA

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  1. T. Y. Fan and R. L. Byer, “Diode laser-pumped solid-state lasers,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 24(6), 895–912 (1988).
    [CrossRef]
  2. L. Zheng, J. Xu, L. Su, H. Li, Q. Wang, W. Ryba-Romanowski, R. Lisiecki, and F. Wu, “Estimation of low-temperature spectra behavior in Nd-doped Sc2SiO5 single crystal,” Opt. Lett. 34(22), 3481–3483 (2009).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  3. Y. Zhi, C. Dong, J. Zhang, Z. Jia, B. Zhang, Y. Zhang, S. Wang, J. He, and X. Tao, “Continuous-wave and passively Q-switched laser performance of LD-end-pumped 1062 nm Nd:GAGG laser,” Opt. Express 18(8), 7584–7589 (2010).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  4. Y. Cheng, X. D. Xu, Z. Xin, X. B. Yang, X. D. Xiao, D. Z. Li, C. C. Zhao, J. Xu, and S. M. Zhou, “Crystal growth, optical properties, and continuous-wave laser operation of Nd3+-doped CaNb2O6 crystal,” Laser Phys. Lett. 6(10), 740–745 (2009).
    [CrossRef]
  5. X. D. Xu, X. D. Wang, J. Q. Meng, Y. Cheng, D. Z. Li, S. S. Cheng, F. Wu, Z. W. Zhao, and J. Xu, “Crystal growth, spectral and laser properties of Nd:LuAG single crystal,” Laser Phys. Lett. 6(9), 678–681 (2009).
    [CrossRef]
  6. J. Zhang, X. T. Tao, C. M. Dong, Z. T. Jia, H. H. Yu, Y. Z. Zhang, Y. C. Zhi, and M. H. Jiang, “Crystal growth, optical properties, and CW laser operation at 1.06 µm of Nd:GAGG crystals,” Laser Phys. Lett. 6(5), 355–358 (2009).
    [CrossRef]
  7. H. H. Yu, H. J. Zhang, Z. P. Wang, J. Y. Wang, Y. G. Yu, Z. B. Shi, X. Y. Zhang, and M. H. Jiang, “High-power dual-wavelength laser with disordered Nd:CNGG crystals,” Opt. Lett. 34(2), 151–153 (2009).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  8. W. D. Tan, C. Y. Su, R. J. Knize, G. Q. Xie, L. J. Li, and D. Y. Tang, “Mode locking of ceramic Nd:yttrium aluminum garnet with graphene as a saturable absorber,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 96(3), 031106 (2010).
    [CrossRef]
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    [CrossRef]
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    [CrossRef]
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    [CrossRef]
  12. Y. Kuwano, K. Suda, N. Ishizawa, and T. Yamada, “Crystal growth and properties of (Lu,Y)3Al5O12,” J. Cryst. Growth 260(1-2), 159–165 (2004).
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    [CrossRef]

2010 (3)

W. D. Tan, C. Y. Su, R. J. Knize, G. Q. Xie, L. J. Li, and D. Y. Tang, “Mode locking of ceramic Nd:yttrium aluminum garnet with graphene as a saturable absorber,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 96(3), 031106 (2010).
[CrossRef]

S. Zhang, L. Xu, M. Wang, H. Peng, F. Chen, J. Xu, and B. Zhao, “Continuous wave and passively Q-switched laser performance of the mixed crystal Nd:Lu0.15Y0.85VO4,” Laser Phys. Lett. 7(5), 339–342 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Y. Zhi, C. Dong, J. Zhang, Z. Jia, B. Zhang, Y. Zhang, S. Wang, J. He, and X. Tao, “Continuous-wave and passively Q-switched laser performance of LD-end-pumped 1062 nm Nd:GAGG laser,” Opt. Express 18(8), 7584–7589 (2010).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

2009 (5)

Y. Cheng, X. D. Xu, Z. Xin, X. B. Yang, X. D. Xiao, D. Z. Li, C. C. Zhao, J. Xu, and S. M. Zhou, “Crystal growth, optical properties, and continuous-wave laser operation of Nd3+-doped CaNb2O6 crystal,” Laser Phys. Lett. 6(10), 740–745 (2009).
[CrossRef]

X. D. Xu, X. D. Wang, J. Q. Meng, Y. Cheng, D. Z. Li, S. S. Cheng, F. Wu, Z. W. Zhao, and J. Xu, “Crystal growth, spectral and laser properties of Nd:LuAG single crystal,” Laser Phys. Lett. 6(9), 678–681 (2009).
[CrossRef]

J. Zhang, X. T. Tao, C. M. Dong, Z. T. Jia, H. H. Yu, Y. Z. Zhang, Y. C. Zhi, and M. H. Jiang, “Crystal growth, optical properties, and CW laser operation at 1.06 µm of Nd:GAGG crystals,” Laser Phys. Lett. 6(5), 355–358 (2009).
[CrossRef]

H. H. Yu, H. J. Zhang, Z. P. Wang, J. Y. Wang, Y. G. Yu, Z. B. Shi, X. Y. Zhang, and M. H. Jiang, “High-power dual-wavelength laser with disordered Nd:CNGG crystals,” Opt. Lett. 34(2), 151–153 (2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

L. Zheng, J. Xu, L. Su, H. Li, Q. Wang, W. Ryba-Romanowski, R. Lisiecki, and F. Wu, “Estimation of low-temperature spectra behavior in Nd-doped Sc2SiO5 single crystal,” Opt. Lett. 34(22), 3481–3483 (2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

2008 (1)

H. Yu, H. Zhang, Z. Wang, J. Wang, Y. Yu, M. Jiang, and X. Zhang, “Passively Q-switched laser performance of c-cut Nd:Gd0.63Y0.37VO4 crystal,” Opt. Commun. 281(20), 5199–5201 (2008).
[CrossRef]

2007 (1)

H. Yu, H. Zhang, Z. Wang, J. Wang, Y. Yu, Z. Shao, M. Jiang, and X. Zhang, “Continuous wave and passively Q-switched laser performance of a Nd-doped mixed crystal Nd:Lu0.5Gd0.5VO4,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 90(23), 231110 (2007).
[CrossRef]

2004 (1)

Y. Kuwano, K. Suda, N. Ishizawa, and T. Yamada, “Crystal growth and properties of (Lu,Y)3Al5O12,” J. Cryst. Growth 260(1-2), 159–165 (2004).
[CrossRef]

1991 (1)

J. J. Zayhowski and P. L. Kelley, “Optimization of Q-switched lasers,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 27(9), 2220–2225 (1991).
[CrossRef]

1988 (1)

T. Y. Fan and R. L. Byer, “Diode laser-pumped solid-state lasers,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 24(6), 895–912 (1988).
[CrossRef]

Byer, R. L.

T. Y. Fan and R. L. Byer, “Diode laser-pumped solid-state lasers,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 24(6), 895–912 (1988).
[CrossRef]

Chen, F.

S. Zhang, L. Xu, M. Wang, H. Peng, F. Chen, J. Xu, and B. Zhao, “Continuous wave and passively Q-switched laser performance of the mixed crystal Nd:Lu0.15Y0.85VO4,” Laser Phys. Lett. 7(5), 339–342 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Cheng, S. S.

X. D. Xu, X. D. Wang, J. Q. Meng, Y. Cheng, D. Z. Li, S. S. Cheng, F. Wu, Z. W. Zhao, and J. Xu, “Crystal growth, spectral and laser properties of Nd:LuAG single crystal,” Laser Phys. Lett. 6(9), 678–681 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Cheng, Y.

X. D. Xu, X. D. Wang, J. Q. Meng, Y. Cheng, D. Z. Li, S. S. Cheng, F. Wu, Z. W. Zhao, and J. Xu, “Crystal growth, spectral and laser properties of Nd:LuAG single crystal,” Laser Phys. Lett. 6(9), 678–681 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Y. Cheng, X. D. Xu, Z. Xin, X. B. Yang, X. D. Xiao, D. Z. Li, C. C. Zhao, J. Xu, and S. M. Zhou, “Crystal growth, optical properties, and continuous-wave laser operation of Nd3+-doped CaNb2O6 crystal,” Laser Phys. Lett. 6(10), 740–745 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Dong, C.

Dong, C. M.

J. Zhang, X. T. Tao, C. M. Dong, Z. T. Jia, H. H. Yu, Y. Z. Zhang, Y. C. Zhi, and M. H. Jiang, “Crystal growth, optical properties, and CW laser operation at 1.06 µm of Nd:GAGG crystals,” Laser Phys. Lett. 6(5), 355–358 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Fan, T. Y.

T. Y. Fan and R. L. Byer, “Diode laser-pumped solid-state lasers,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 24(6), 895–912 (1988).
[CrossRef]

He, J.

Ishizawa, N.

Y. Kuwano, K. Suda, N. Ishizawa, and T. Yamada, “Crystal growth and properties of (Lu,Y)3Al5O12,” J. Cryst. Growth 260(1-2), 159–165 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Jia, Z.

Jia, Z. T.

J. Zhang, X. T. Tao, C. M. Dong, Z. T. Jia, H. H. Yu, Y. Z. Zhang, Y. C. Zhi, and M. H. Jiang, “Crystal growth, optical properties, and CW laser operation at 1.06 µm of Nd:GAGG crystals,” Laser Phys. Lett. 6(5), 355–358 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Jiang, M.

H. Yu, H. Zhang, Z. Wang, J. Wang, Y. Yu, M. Jiang, and X. Zhang, “Passively Q-switched laser performance of c-cut Nd:Gd0.63Y0.37VO4 crystal,” Opt. Commun. 281(20), 5199–5201 (2008).
[CrossRef]

H. Yu, H. Zhang, Z. Wang, J. Wang, Y. Yu, Z. Shao, M. Jiang, and X. Zhang, “Continuous wave and passively Q-switched laser performance of a Nd-doped mixed crystal Nd:Lu0.5Gd0.5VO4,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 90(23), 231110 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Jiang, M. H.

H. H. Yu, H. J. Zhang, Z. P. Wang, J. Y. Wang, Y. G. Yu, Z. B. Shi, X. Y. Zhang, and M. H. Jiang, “High-power dual-wavelength laser with disordered Nd:CNGG crystals,” Opt. Lett. 34(2), 151–153 (2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

J. Zhang, X. T. Tao, C. M. Dong, Z. T. Jia, H. H. Yu, Y. Z. Zhang, Y. C. Zhi, and M. H. Jiang, “Crystal growth, optical properties, and CW laser operation at 1.06 µm of Nd:GAGG crystals,” Laser Phys. Lett. 6(5), 355–358 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Kelley, P. L.

J. J. Zayhowski and P. L. Kelley, “Optimization of Q-switched lasers,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 27(9), 2220–2225 (1991).
[CrossRef]

Knize, R. J.

W. D. Tan, C. Y. Su, R. J. Knize, G. Q. Xie, L. J. Li, and D. Y. Tang, “Mode locking of ceramic Nd:yttrium aluminum garnet with graphene as a saturable absorber,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 96(3), 031106 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Kuwano, Y.

Y. Kuwano, K. Suda, N. Ishizawa, and T. Yamada, “Crystal growth and properties of (Lu,Y)3Al5O12,” J. Cryst. Growth 260(1-2), 159–165 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Li, D. Z.

Y. Cheng, X. D. Xu, Z. Xin, X. B. Yang, X. D. Xiao, D. Z. Li, C. C. Zhao, J. Xu, and S. M. Zhou, “Crystal growth, optical properties, and continuous-wave laser operation of Nd3+-doped CaNb2O6 crystal,” Laser Phys. Lett. 6(10), 740–745 (2009).
[CrossRef]

X. D. Xu, X. D. Wang, J. Q. Meng, Y. Cheng, D. Z. Li, S. S. Cheng, F. Wu, Z. W. Zhao, and J. Xu, “Crystal growth, spectral and laser properties of Nd:LuAG single crystal,” Laser Phys. Lett. 6(9), 678–681 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Li, H.

Li, L. J.

W. D. Tan, C. Y. Su, R. J. Knize, G. Q. Xie, L. J. Li, and D. Y. Tang, “Mode locking of ceramic Nd:yttrium aluminum garnet with graphene as a saturable absorber,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 96(3), 031106 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Lisiecki, R.

Meng, J. Q.

X. D. Xu, X. D. Wang, J. Q. Meng, Y. Cheng, D. Z. Li, S. S. Cheng, F. Wu, Z. W. Zhao, and J. Xu, “Crystal growth, spectral and laser properties of Nd:LuAG single crystal,” Laser Phys. Lett. 6(9), 678–681 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Peng, H.

S. Zhang, L. Xu, M. Wang, H. Peng, F. Chen, J. Xu, and B. Zhao, “Continuous wave and passively Q-switched laser performance of the mixed crystal Nd:Lu0.15Y0.85VO4,” Laser Phys. Lett. 7(5), 339–342 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Ryba-Romanowski, W.

Shao, Z.

H. Yu, H. Zhang, Z. Wang, J. Wang, Y. Yu, Z. Shao, M. Jiang, and X. Zhang, “Continuous wave and passively Q-switched laser performance of a Nd-doped mixed crystal Nd:Lu0.5Gd0.5VO4,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 90(23), 231110 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Shi, Z. B.

Su, C. Y.

W. D. Tan, C. Y. Su, R. J. Knize, G. Q. Xie, L. J. Li, and D. Y. Tang, “Mode locking of ceramic Nd:yttrium aluminum garnet with graphene as a saturable absorber,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 96(3), 031106 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Su, L.

Suda, K.

Y. Kuwano, K. Suda, N. Ishizawa, and T. Yamada, “Crystal growth and properties of (Lu,Y)3Al5O12,” J. Cryst. Growth 260(1-2), 159–165 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Tan, W. D.

W. D. Tan, C. Y. Su, R. J. Knize, G. Q. Xie, L. J. Li, and D. Y. Tang, “Mode locking of ceramic Nd:yttrium aluminum garnet with graphene as a saturable absorber,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 96(3), 031106 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Tang, D. Y.

W. D. Tan, C. Y. Su, R. J. Knize, G. Q. Xie, L. J. Li, and D. Y. Tang, “Mode locking of ceramic Nd:yttrium aluminum garnet with graphene as a saturable absorber,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 96(3), 031106 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Tao, X.

Tao, X. T.

J. Zhang, X. T. Tao, C. M. Dong, Z. T. Jia, H. H. Yu, Y. Z. Zhang, Y. C. Zhi, and M. H. Jiang, “Crystal growth, optical properties, and CW laser operation at 1.06 µm of Nd:GAGG crystals,” Laser Phys. Lett. 6(5), 355–358 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Wang, J.

H. Yu, H. Zhang, Z. Wang, J. Wang, Y. Yu, M. Jiang, and X. Zhang, “Passively Q-switched laser performance of c-cut Nd:Gd0.63Y0.37VO4 crystal,” Opt. Commun. 281(20), 5199–5201 (2008).
[CrossRef]

H. Yu, H. Zhang, Z. Wang, J. Wang, Y. Yu, Z. Shao, M. Jiang, and X. Zhang, “Continuous wave and passively Q-switched laser performance of a Nd-doped mixed crystal Nd:Lu0.5Gd0.5VO4,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 90(23), 231110 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Wang, J. Y.

Wang, M.

S. Zhang, L. Xu, M. Wang, H. Peng, F. Chen, J. Xu, and B. Zhao, “Continuous wave and passively Q-switched laser performance of the mixed crystal Nd:Lu0.15Y0.85VO4,” Laser Phys. Lett. 7(5), 339–342 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Wang, Q.

Wang, S.

Wang, X. D.

X. D. Xu, X. D. Wang, J. Q. Meng, Y. Cheng, D. Z. Li, S. S. Cheng, F. Wu, Z. W. Zhao, and J. Xu, “Crystal growth, spectral and laser properties of Nd:LuAG single crystal,” Laser Phys. Lett. 6(9), 678–681 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Wang, Z.

H. Yu, H. Zhang, Z. Wang, J. Wang, Y. Yu, M. Jiang, and X. Zhang, “Passively Q-switched laser performance of c-cut Nd:Gd0.63Y0.37VO4 crystal,” Opt. Commun. 281(20), 5199–5201 (2008).
[CrossRef]

H. Yu, H. Zhang, Z. Wang, J. Wang, Y. Yu, Z. Shao, M. Jiang, and X. Zhang, “Continuous wave and passively Q-switched laser performance of a Nd-doped mixed crystal Nd:Lu0.5Gd0.5VO4,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 90(23), 231110 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Wang, Z. P.

Wu, F.

L. Zheng, J. Xu, L. Su, H. Li, Q. Wang, W. Ryba-Romanowski, R. Lisiecki, and F. Wu, “Estimation of low-temperature spectra behavior in Nd-doped Sc2SiO5 single crystal,” Opt. Lett. 34(22), 3481–3483 (2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

X. D. Xu, X. D. Wang, J. Q. Meng, Y. Cheng, D. Z. Li, S. S. Cheng, F. Wu, Z. W. Zhao, and J. Xu, “Crystal growth, spectral and laser properties of Nd:LuAG single crystal,” Laser Phys. Lett. 6(9), 678–681 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Xiao, X. D.

Y. Cheng, X. D. Xu, Z. Xin, X. B. Yang, X. D. Xiao, D. Z. Li, C. C. Zhao, J. Xu, and S. M. Zhou, “Crystal growth, optical properties, and continuous-wave laser operation of Nd3+-doped CaNb2O6 crystal,” Laser Phys. Lett. 6(10), 740–745 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Xie, G. Q.

W. D. Tan, C. Y. Su, R. J. Knize, G. Q. Xie, L. J. Li, and D. Y. Tang, “Mode locking of ceramic Nd:yttrium aluminum garnet with graphene as a saturable absorber,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 96(3), 031106 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Xin, Z.

Y. Cheng, X. D. Xu, Z. Xin, X. B. Yang, X. D. Xiao, D. Z. Li, C. C. Zhao, J. Xu, and S. M. Zhou, “Crystal growth, optical properties, and continuous-wave laser operation of Nd3+-doped CaNb2O6 crystal,” Laser Phys. Lett. 6(10), 740–745 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Xu, J.

S. Zhang, L. Xu, M. Wang, H. Peng, F. Chen, J. Xu, and B. Zhao, “Continuous wave and passively Q-switched laser performance of the mixed crystal Nd:Lu0.15Y0.85VO4,” Laser Phys. Lett. 7(5), 339–342 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Y. Cheng, X. D. Xu, Z. Xin, X. B. Yang, X. D. Xiao, D. Z. Li, C. C. Zhao, J. Xu, and S. M. Zhou, “Crystal growth, optical properties, and continuous-wave laser operation of Nd3+-doped CaNb2O6 crystal,” Laser Phys. Lett. 6(10), 740–745 (2009).
[CrossRef]

X. D. Xu, X. D. Wang, J. Q. Meng, Y. Cheng, D. Z. Li, S. S. Cheng, F. Wu, Z. W. Zhao, and J. Xu, “Crystal growth, spectral and laser properties of Nd:LuAG single crystal,” Laser Phys. Lett. 6(9), 678–681 (2009).
[CrossRef]

L. Zheng, J. Xu, L. Su, H. Li, Q. Wang, W. Ryba-Romanowski, R. Lisiecki, and F. Wu, “Estimation of low-temperature spectra behavior in Nd-doped Sc2SiO5 single crystal,” Opt. Lett. 34(22), 3481–3483 (2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Xu, L.

S. Zhang, L. Xu, M. Wang, H. Peng, F. Chen, J. Xu, and B. Zhao, “Continuous wave and passively Q-switched laser performance of the mixed crystal Nd:Lu0.15Y0.85VO4,” Laser Phys. Lett. 7(5), 339–342 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Xu, X. D.

Y. Cheng, X. D. Xu, Z. Xin, X. B. Yang, X. D. Xiao, D. Z. Li, C. C. Zhao, J. Xu, and S. M. Zhou, “Crystal growth, optical properties, and continuous-wave laser operation of Nd3+-doped CaNb2O6 crystal,” Laser Phys. Lett. 6(10), 740–745 (2009).
[CrossRef]

X. D. Xu, X. D. Wang, J. Q. Meng, Y. Cheng, D. Z. Li, S. S. Cheng, F. Wu, Z. W. Zhao, and J. Xu, “Crystal growth, spectral and laser properties of Nd:LuAG single crystal,” Laser Phys. Lett. 6(9), 678–681 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Yamada, T.

Y. Kuwano, K. Suda, N. Ishizawa, and T. Yamada, “Crystal growth and properties of (Lu,Y)3Al5O12,” J. Cryst. Growth 260(1-2), 159–165 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Yang, X. B.

Y. Cheng, X. D. Xu, Z. Xin, X. B. Yang, X. D. Xiao, D. Z. Li, C. C. Zhao, J. Xu, and S. M. Zhou, “Crystal growth, optical properties, and continuous-wave laser operation of Nd3+-doped CaNb2O6 crystal,” Laser Phys. Lett. 6(10), 740–745 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Yu, H.

H. Yu, H. Zhang, Z. Wang, J. Wang, Y. Yu, M. Jiang, and X. Zhang, “Passively Q-switched laser performance of c-cut Nd:Gd0.63Y0.37VO4 crystal,” Opt. Commun. 281(20), 5199–5201 (2008).
[CrossRef]

H. Yu, H. Zhang, Z. Wang, J. Wang, Y. Yu, Z. Shao, M. Jiang, and X. Zhang, “Continuous wave and passively Q-switched laser performance of a Nd-doped mixed crystal Nd:Lu0.5Gd0.5VO4,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 90(23), 231110 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Yu, H. H.

H. H. Yu, H. J. Zhang, Z. P. Wang, J. Y. Wang, Y. G. Yu, Z. B. Shi, X. Y. Zhang, and M. H. Jiang, “High-power dual-wavelength laser with disordered Nd:CNGG crystals,” Opt. Lett. 34(2), 151–153 (2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

J. Zhang, X. T. Tao, C. M. Dong, Z. T. Jia, H. H. Yu, Y. Z. Zhang, Y. C. Zhi, and M. H. Jiang, “Crystal growth, optical properties, and CW laser operation at 1.06 µm of Nd:GAGG crystals,” Laser Phys. Lett. 6(5), 355–358 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Yu, Y.

H. Yu, H. Zhang, Z. Wang, J. Wang, Y. Yu, M. Jiang, and X. Zhang, “Passively Q-switched laser performance of c-cut Nd:Gd0.63Y0.37VO4 crystal,” Opt. Commun. 281(20), 5199–5201 (2008).
[CrossRef]

H. Yu, H. Zhang, Z. Wang, J. Wang, Y. Yu, Z. Shao, M. Jiang, and X. Zhang, “Continuous wave and passively Q-switched laser performance of a Nd-doped mixed crystal Nd:Lu0.5Gd0.5VO4,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 90(23), 231110 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Yu, Y. G.

Zayhowski, J. J.

J. J. Zayhowski and P. L. Kelley, “Optimization of Q-switched lasers,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 27(9), 2220–2225 (1991).
[CrossRef]

Zhang, B.

Zhang, H.

H. Yu, H. Zhang, Z. Wang, J. Wang, Y. Yu, M. Jiang, and X. Zhang, “Passively Q-switched laser performance of c-cut Nd:Gd0.63Y0.37VO4 crystal,” Opt. Commun. 281(20), 5199–5201 (2008).
[CrossRef]

H. Yu, H. Zhang, Z. Wang, J. Wang, Y. Yu, Z. Shao, M. Jiang, and X. Zhang, “Continuous wave and passively Q-switched laser performance of a Nd-doped mixed crystal Nd:Lu0.5Gd0.5VO4,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 90(23), 231110 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Zhang, H. J.

Zhang, J.

Y. Zhi, C. Dong, J. Zhang, Z. Jia, B. Zhang, Y. Zhang, S. Wang, J. He, and X. Tao, “Continuous-wave and passively Q-switched laser performance of LD-end-pumped 1062 nm Nd:GAGG laser,” Opt. Express 18(8), 7584–7589 (2010).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

J. Zhang, X. T. Tao, C. M. Dong, Z. T. Jia, H. H. Yu, Y. Z. Zhang, Y. C. Zhi, and M. H. Jiang, “Crystal growth, optical properties, and CW laser operation at 1.06 µm of Nd:GAGG crystals,” Laser Phys. Lett. 6(5), 355–358 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Zhang, S.

S. Zhang, L. Xu, M. Wang, H. Peng, F. Chen, J. Xu, and B. Zhao, “Continuous wave and passively Q-switched laser performance of the mixed crystal Nd:Lu0.15Y0.85VO4,” Laser Phys. Lett. 7(5), 339–342 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Zhang, X.

H. Yu, H. Zhang, Z. Wang, J. Wang, Y. Yu, M. Jiang, and X. Zhang, “Passively Q-switched laser performance of c-cut Nd:Gd0.63Y0.37VO4 crystal,” Opt. Commun. 281(20), 5199–5201 (2008).
[CrossRef]

H. Yu, H. Zhang, Z. Wang, J. Wang, Y. Yu, Z. Shao, M. Jiang, and X. Zhang, “Continuous wave and passively Q-switched laser performance of a Nd-doped mixed crystal Nd:Lu0.5Gd0.5VO4,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 90(23), 231110 (2007).
[CrossRef]

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J. Zhang, X. T. Tao, C. M. Dong, Z. T. Jia, H. H. Yu, Y. Z. Zhang, Y. C. Zhi, and M. H. Jiang, “Crystal growth, optical properties, and CW laser operation at 1.06 µm of Nd:GAGG crystals,” Laser Phys. Lett. 6(5), 355–358 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Zhao, B.

S. Zhang, L. Xu, M. Wang, H. Peng, F. Chen, J. Xu, and B. Zhao, “Continuous wave and passively Q-switched laser performance of the mixed crystal Nd:Lu0.15Y0.85VO4,” Laser Phys. Lett. 7(5), 339–342 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Zhao, C. C.

Y. Cheng, X. D. Xu, Z. Xin, X. B. Yang, X. D. Xiao, D. Z. Li, C. C. Zhao, J. Xu, and S. M. Zhou, “Crystal growth, optical properties, and continuous-wave laser operation of Nd3+-doped CaNb2O6 crystal,” Laser Phys. Lett. 6(10), 740–745 (2009).
[CrossRef]

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X. D. Xu, X. D. Wang, J. Q. Meng, Y. Cheng, D. Z. Li, S. S. Cheng, F. Wu, Z. W. Zhao, and J. Xu, “Crystal growth, spectral and laser properties of Nd:LuAG single crystal,” Laser Phys. Lett. 6(9), 678–681 (2009).
[CrossRef]

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Zhi, Y.

Zhi, Y. C.

J. Zhang, X. T. Tao, C. M. Dong, Z. T. Jia, H. H. Yu, Y. Z. Zhang, Y. C. Zhi, and M. H. Jiang, “Crystal growth, optical properties, and CW laser operation at 1.06 µm of Nd:GAGG crystals,” Laser Phys. Lett. 6(5), 355–358 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Zhou, S. M.

Y. Cheng, X. D. Xu, Z. Xin, X. B. Yang, X. D. Xiao, D. Z. Li, C. C. Zhao, J. Xu, and S. M. Zhou, “Crystal growth, optical properties, and continuous-wave laser operation of Nd3+-doped CaNb2O6 crystal,” Laser Phys. Lett. 6(10), 740–745 (2009).
[CrossRef]

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[CrossRef]

H. Yu, H. Zhang, Z. Wang, J. Wang, Y. Yu, Z. Shao, M. Jiang, and X. Zhang, “Continuous wave and passively Q-switched laser performance of a Nd-doped mixed crystal Nd:Lu0.5Gd0.5VO4,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 90(23), 231110 (2007).
[CrossRef]

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[CrossRef]

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[CrossRef]

Laser Phys. Lett. (4)

S. Zhang, L. Xu, M. Wang, H. Peng, F. Chen, J. Xu, and B. Zhao, “Continuous wave and passively Q-switched laser performance of the mixed crystal Nd:Lu0.15Y0.85VO4,” Laser Phys. Lett. 7(5), 339–342 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Y. Cheng, X. D. Xu, Z. Xin, X. B. Yang, X. D. Xiao, D. Z. Li, C. C. Zhao, J. Xu, and S. M. Zhou, “Crystal growth, optical properties, and continuous-wave laser operation of Nd3+-doped CaNb2O6 crystal,” Laser Phys. Lett. 6(10), 740–745 (2009).
[CrossRef]

X. D. Xu, X. D. Wang, J. Q. Meng, Y. Cheng, D. Z. Li, S. S. Cheng, F. Wu, Z. W. Zhao, and J. Xu, “Crystal growth, spectral and laser properties of Nd:LuAG single crystal,” Laser Phys. Lett. 6(9), 678–681 (2009).
[CrossRef]

J. Zhang, X. T. Tao, C. M. Dong, Z. T. Jia, H. H. Yu, Y. Z. Zhang, Y. C. Zhi, and M. H. Jiang, “Crystal growth, optical properties, and CW laser operation at 1.06 µm of Nd:GAGG crystals,” Laser Phys. Lett. 6(5), 355–358 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Opt. Commun. (1)

H. Yu, H. Zhang, Z. Wang, J. Wang, Y. Yu, M. Jiang, and X. Zhang, “Passively Q-switched laser performance of c-cut Nd:Gd0.63Y0.37VO4 crystal,” Opt. Commun. 281(20), 5199–5201 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Opt. Express (1)

Opt. Lett. (2)

Other (1)

A. A. Kaminskii, Laser Crystals, (Nauka Ed., Moscow, 1975)

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Figures (6)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1

Low-temperature optical spectra of Nd3+ ions in the LuYAG crystal. Panel (a) shows absorption of Nd3+ ions; Panel (b) corresponds to the Nd3+ emission acquired under the 808 nm excitation.

Fig. 2
Fig. 2

Room temperature absorption spectrum of 4 I 9/22 H 9/2 + 4 F 5/2 transition and fluorescence spectrum corresponding to 4 F 3/24 I 11/2 transiton.

Fig. 3
Fig. 3

Experimental configuration of the Nd:LuYAG laser.

Fig. 4
Fig. 4

Continuous-wave output power of Nd:LuYAG microchip laser as a function of absorbed pump power and average output power as a function of the absorbed pump power for Q-switched Nd:LuYAG lasers with different Cr4+:YAG as saturable absorber.

Fig. 5
Fig. 5

(a) The pulse width versus the absorbed pump power with different saturable absorber initial transmission; (b) The pulse repetition rate versus the absorbed pump power with different saturable absorber initial transmission.

Fig. 6
Fig. 6

Typical pulse profile of the Q-switched Nd:LuYAG laser with the width of 9.6 ns

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