Abstract

Photonic Crystal Fibers can be tailored to increase the effective Kerr nonlinearity, while producing smaller amounts of excess noise compared to standard silicon fibers. Using these features of Photonic Crystal Fibers we create polarization squeezed states with increased purity compared to standard fiber squeezing experiments. Explicit we produce squeezed states in counter propagating pulses along the same fiber axis to achieve near identical dispersion properties. This enables the production of polarization squeezing through interference in a polarization type Sagnac interferometer. We observe Stokes parameter squeezing of -3.9 ± 0.3dB and anti-squeezing of 16.2 ± 0.3dB.

© 2010 Optical Society of America

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    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
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2008 (1)

2007 (2)

M. Lassen, M. Sabuncu, P. Buchhave, and U. L. Andersen, "Generation of polarization squeezing with periodically poled KTP at 1064 nm," Opt. Express 15(8), 5077-5082 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

J. Milanovic, J. Heersink, C. Marquardt, A. Huck, U. Andersen, and G. Leuchs, "Polarization squeezing with photonic crystal fibers," Laser Phys. 17(4), 559-566 (2007).
[CrossRef]

2006 (2)

J. F. Corney, P. D. Drummond, J. Heersink, V. Josse, G. Leuchs, and U. L. Andersen, "Many-Body Quantum Dynamics of Polarization Squeezing in Optical Fibers," Phys. Rev. Lett. 97(2), 023606 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

D. Elser, U. L. Andersen, A. Korn, O. Gl¨ockl, S. Lorenz, C. Marquardt, and G. Leuchs, "Reduction of Guided Acoustic Wave Brillouin Scattering in Photonic Crystal Fibers," Phys. Rev. Lett. 97(13), 133901 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

2005 (2)

J. Heersink, V. Josse, G. Leuchs, and U. L. Andersen, "Efficient polarization squeezing in optical fibers," Opt. Lett. 30(10), 1192-1194 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

N. Korolkova and R. Loudon, "Nonseparability and squeezing of continuous polarization variables," Phys. Rev. A 71(3), 032343 (2005).
[CrossRef]

2003 (4)

P. Russell, "Photonic Crystal Fibers," Science 299(5605), 358-362 (2003).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

J. Heersink, T. Gaber, S. Lorenz, O. Gloeckl, N. Korolkova, and G. Leuchs, "Polarization squeezing of intense pulses with a fiber-optic Sagnac interferometer," Phys. Rev. A 68(1), 013815 (2003).
[CrossRef]

V. Josse, A. Dantan, L. Vernac, A. Bramati, M. Pinard, and E. Giacobino, "Polarization Squeezing with Cold Atoms," Phys. Rev. Lett. 91(10), 103601 (2003).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

K. L. Corwin, N. R. Newbury, J. M. Dudley, S. Coen, S. A. Diddams, K. Weber, and R. S. Windeler, "Fundamental Noise Limitations to Supercontinuum Generation in Microstructure Fiber," Phys. Rev. Lett. 90(11), 113904 (2003).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

2002 (3)

N. Korolkova, G. Leuchs, R. Loudon, T. C. Ralph, and C. Silberhorn, "Polarization squeezing and continuousvariable polarization entanglement," Phys. Rev. A 65(5), 052306 (2002).
[CrossRef]

W. P. Bowen, N. Treps, R. Schnabel, and P. K. Lam, "Experimental Demonstration of Continuous Variable Polarization Entanglement," Phys. Rev. Lett. 89(25), 253601 (2002).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

M. Fiorentino, J. E. Sharping, P. Kumar, A. Porzio, and R. S. Windeler, "Soliton squeezing in microstructure fiber," Opt. Lett. 27(8), 649-651 (2002).
[CrossRef]

2001 (1)

C. Silberhorn, P. K. Lam, O. Weiss, F. K¨onig, N. Korolkova, and G. Leuchs, "Generation of Continuous Variable Einstein-Podolsky-Rosen Entanglement via the Kerr Nonlinearity in an Optical Fiber," Phys. Rev. Lett. 86(19), 4267 (2001).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

2000 (1)

Q1Q2. A. Luis and L. L. Sanchez-Soto, "Quantum phase difference, phase measurements, and Stokes operators," Prog. Opt. 41, 421-481 (2000).
[CrossRef]

1998 (2)

J. L. Sørensen, J. Hald, and E. S. Polzik, "Quantum Noise of an Atomic Spin Polarization Measurement," Phys. Rev. Lett. 80(16), 3487-3490 (1998).
[CrossRef]

S. Schmitt, J. Ficker, M. Wolff, F. Konig, A. Sizmann, and G. Leuchs, "Photon-Number Squeezed Solitons from an Asymmetric Fiber-Optic Sagnac Interferometer," Phys. Rev. Lett. 81(12), 2446-2449 (1998).
[CrossRef]

1993 (2)

P. D. Drummond, R. M. Shelby, S. R. Friberg, and Y. Yamamoto, "Quantum solitons in optical fibres," Nature 365(6444), 307-313 (1993).
[CrossRef]

A. S. Chirkin, A. A. Orlov, and D. Y. Parashchuk, "Quantum theory of two-mode interactions in optically anisotropic media with cubic nonlinearities: Generation of quadrature- and polarization-squeezed light," Quantum Electron. 23(10), 870-874 (1993).
[CrossRef]

1986 (2)

M. Kitagawa and Y. Yamamoto, "Number-phase minimum-uncertainty state with reduced number uncertainty in a Kerr nonlinear interferometer," Phys. Rev. A 34(5), 3974-3988 (1986).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

R. M. Shelby, M. D. Levenson, S. H. Perlmutter, R. G. DeVoe, and D. F. Walls, "Broad-Band Parametric Deamplification of Quantum Noise in an Optical Fiber," Phys. Rev. Lett. 57(6), 691 (1986).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Andersen, U.

J. Milanovic, J. Heersink, C. Marquardt, A. Huck, U. Andersen, and G. Leuchs, "Polarization squeezing with photonic crystal fibers," Laser Phys. 17(4), 559-566 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Andersen, U. L.

Bowen, W. P.

W. P. Bowen, N. Treps, R. Schnabel, and P. K. Lam, "Experimental Demonstration of Continuous Variable Polarization Entanglement," Phys. Rev. Lett. 89(25), 253601 (2002).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Bramati, A.

V. Josse, A. Dantan, L. Vernac, A. Bramati, M. Pinard, and E. Giacobino, "Polarization Squeezing with Cold Atoms," Phys. Rev. Lett. 91(10), 103601 (2003).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Buchhave, P.

Chirkin, A. S.

A. S. Chirkin, A. A. Orlov, and D. Y. Parashchuk, "Quantum theory of two-mode interactions in optically anisotropic media with cubic nonlinearities: Generation of quadrature- and polarization-squeezed light," Quantum Electron. 23(10), 870-874 (1993).
[CrossRef]

Coen, S.

K. L. Corwin, N. R. Newbury, J. M. Dudley, S. Coen, S. A. Diddams, K. Weber, and R. S. Windeler, "Fundamental Noise Limitations to Supercontinuum Generation in Microstructure Fiber," Phys. Rev. Lett. 90(11), 113904 (2003).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Corney, J. F.

R. Dong, J. Heersink, J. F. Corney, P. D. Drummond, U. L. Andersen, and G. Leuchs, "Experimental evidence for Raman-induced limits to efficient squeezing in optical fibers," Opt. Lett. 33(2), 116-118 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

J. F. Corney, P. D. Drummond, J. Heersink, V. Josse, G. Leuchs, and U. L. Andersen, "Many-Body Quantum Dynamics of Polarization Squeezing in Optical Fibers," Phys. Rev. Lett. 97(2), 023606 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Corwin, K. L.

K. L. Corwin, N. R. Newbury, J. M. Dudley, S. Coen, S. A. Diddams, K. Weber, and R. S. Windeler, "Fundamental Noise Limitations to Supercontinuum Generation in Microstructure Fiber," Phys. Rev. Lett. 90(11), 113904 (2003).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Dantan, A.

V. Josse, A. Dantan, L. Vernac, A. Bramati, M. Pinard, and E. Giacobino, "Polarization Squeezing with Cold Atoms," Phys. Rev. Lett. 91(10), 103601 (2003).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

DeVoe, R. G.

R. M. Shelby, M. D. Levenson, S. H. Perlmutter, R. G. DeVoe, and D. F. Walls, "Broad-Band Parametric Deamplification of Quantum Noise in an Optical Fiber," Phys. Rev. Lett. 57(6), 691 (1986).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Diddams, S. A.

K. L. Corwin, N. R. Newbury, J. M. Dudley, S. Coen, S. A. Diddams, K. Weber, and R. S. Windeler, "Fundamental Noise Limitations to Supercontinuum Generation in Microstructure Fiber," Phys. Rev. Lett. 90(11), 113904 (2003).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Dong, R.

Drummond, P. D.

R. Dong, J. Heersink, J. F. Corney, P. D. Drummond, U. L. Andersen, and G. Leuchs, "Experimental evidence for Raman-induced limits to efficient squeezing in optical fibers," Opt. Lett. 33(2), 116-118 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

J. F. Corney, P. D. Drummond, J. Heersink, V. Josse, G. Leuchs, and U. L. Andersen, "Many-Body Quantum Dynamics of Polarization Squeezing in Optical Fibers," Phys. Rev. Lett. 97(2), 023606 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

P. D. Drummond, R. M. Shelby, S. R. Friberg, and Y. Yamamoto, "Quantum solitons in optical fibres," Nature 365(6444), 307-313 (1993).
[CrossRef]

Dudley, J. M.

K. L. Corwin, N. R. Newbury, J. M. Dudley, S. Coen, S. A. Diddams, K. Weber, and R. S. Windeler, "Fundamental Noise Limitations to Supercontinuum Generation in Microstructure Fiber," Phys. Rev. Lett. 90(11), 113904 (2003).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Elser, D.

D. Elser, U. L. Andersen, A. Korn, O. Gl¨ockl, S. Lorenz, C. Marquardt, and G. Leuchs, "Reduction of Guided Acoustic Wave Brillouin Scattering in Photonic Crystal Fibers," Phys. Rev. Lett. 97(13), 133901 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Ficker, J.

S. Schmitt, J. Ficker, M. Wolff, F. Konig, A. Sizmann, and G. Leuchs, "Photon-Number Squeezed Solitons from an Asymmetric Fiber-Optic Sagnac Interferometer," Phys. Rev. Lett. 81(12), 2446-2449 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Fiorentino, M.

Friberg, S. R.

P. D. Drummond, R. M. Shelby, S. R. Friberg, and Y. Yamamoto, "Quantum solitons in optical fibres," Nature 365(6444), 307-313 (1993).
[CrossRef]

Gaber, T.

J. Heersink, T. Gaber, S. Lorenz, O. Gloeckl, N. Korolkova, and G. Leuchs, "Polarization squeezing of intense pulses with a fiber-optic Sagnac interferometer," Phys. Rev. A 68(1), 013815 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Giacobino, E.

V. Josse, A. Dantan, L. Vernac, A. Bramati, M. Pinard, and E. Giacobino, "Polarization Squeezing with Cold Atoms," Phys. Rev. Lett. 91(10), 103601 (2003).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Gl¨ockl, O.

D. Elser, U. L. Andersen, A. Korn, O. Gl¨ockl, S. Lorenz, C. Marquardt, and G. Leuchs, "Reduction of Guided Acoustic Wave Brillouin Scattering in Photonic Crystal Fibers," Phys. Rev. Lett. 97(13), 133901 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Gloeckl, O.

J. Heersink, T. Gaber, S. Lorenz, O. Gloeckl, N. Korolkova, and G. Leuchs, "Polarization squeezing of intense pulses with a fiber-optic Sagnac interferometer," Phys. Rev. A 68(1), 013815 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Hald, J.

J. L. Sørensen, J. Hald, and E. S. Polzik, "Quantum Noise of an Atomic Spin Polarization Measurement," Phys. Rev. Lett. 80(16), 3487-3490 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Heersink, J.

R. Dong, J. Heersink, J. F. Corney, P. D. Drummond, U. L. Andersen, and G. Leuchs, "Experimental evidence for Raman-induced limits to efficient squeezing in optical fibers," Opt. Lett. 33(2), 116-118 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

J. Milanovic, J. Heersink, C. Marquardt, A. Huck, U. Andersen, and G. Leuchs, "Polarization squeezing with photonic crystal fibers," Laser Phys. 17(4), 559-566 (2007).
[CrossRef]

J. F. Corney, P. D. Drummond, J. Heersink, V. Josse, G. Leuchs, and U. L. Andersen, "Many-Body Quantum Dynamics of Polarization Squeezing in Optical Fibers," Phys. Rev. Lett. 97(2), 023606 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

J. Heersink, V. Josse, G. Leuchs, and U. L. Andersen, "Efficient polarization squeezing in optical fibers," Opt. Lett. 30(10), 1192-1194 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

J. Heersink, T. Gaber, S. Lorenz, O. Gloeckl, N. Korolkova, and G. Leuchs, "Polarization squeezing of intense pulses with a fiber-optic Sagnac interferometer," Phys. Rev. A 68(1), 013815 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Huck, A.

J. Milanovic, J. Heersink, C. Marquardt, A. Huck, U. Andersen, and G. Leuchs, "Polarization squeezing with photonic crystal fibers," Laser Phys. 17(4), 559-566 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Josse, V.

J. F. Corney, P. D. Drummond, J. Heersink, V. Josse, G. Leuchs, and U. L. Andersen, "Many-Body Quantum Dynamics of Polarization Squeezing in Optical Fibers," Phys. Rev. Lett. 97(2), 023606 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

J. Heersink, V. Josse, G. Leuchs, and U. L. Andersen, "Efficient polarization squeezing in optical fibers," Opt. Lett. 30(10), 1192-1194 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

V. Josse, A. Dantan, L. Vernac, A. Bramati, M. Pinard, and E. Giacobino, "Polarization Squeezing with Cold Atoms," Phys. Rev. Lett. 91(10), 103601 (2003).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

K¨onig, F.

C. Silberhorn, P. K. Lam, O. Weiss, F. K¨onig, N. Korolkova, and G. Leuchs, "Generation of Continuous Variable Einstein-Podolsky-Rosen Entanglement via the Kerr Nonlinearity in an Optical Fiber," Phys. Rev. Lett. 86(19), 4267 (2001).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Kitagawa, M.

M. Kitagawa and Y. Yamamoto, "Number-phase minimum-uncertainty state with reduced number uncertainty in a Kerr nonlinear interferometer," Phys. Rev. A 34(5), 3974-3988 (1986).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Konig, F.

S. Schmitt, J. Ficker, M. Wolff, F. Konig, A. Sizmann, and G. Leuchs, "Photon-Number Squeezed Solitons from an Asymmetric Fiber-Optic Sagnac Interferometer," Phys. Rev. Lett. 81(12), 2446-2449 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Korn, A.

D. Elser, U. L. Andersen, A. Korn, O. Gl¨ockl, S. Lorenz, C. Marquardt, and G. Leuchs, "Reduction of Guided Acoustic Wave Brillouin Scattering in Photonic Crystal Fibers," Phys. Rev. Lett. 97(13), 133901 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Korolkova, N.

N. Korolkova and R. Loudon, "Nonseparability and squeezing of continuous polarization variables," Phys. Rev. A 71(3), 032343 (2005).
[CrossRef]

J. Heersink, T. Gaber, S. Lorenz, O. Gloeckl, N. Korolkova, and G. Leuchs, "Polarization squeezing of intense pulses with a fiber-optic Sagnac interferometer," Phys. Rev. A 68(1), 013815 (2003).
[CrossRef]

N. Korolkova, G. Leuchs, R. Loudon, T. C. Ralph, and C. Silberhorn, "Polarization squeezing and continuousvariable polarization entanglement," Phys. Rev. A 65(5), 052306 (2002).
[CrossRef]

C. Silberhorn, P. K. Lam, O. Weiss, F. K¨onig, N. Korolkova, and G. Leuchs, "Generation of Continuous Variable Einstein-Podolsky-Rosen Entanglement via the Kerr Nonlinearity in an Optical Fiber," Phys. Rev. Lett. 86(19), 4267 (2001).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Kumar, P.

Lam, P. K.

W. P. Bowen, N. Treps, R. Schnabel, and P. K. Lam, "Experimental Demonstration of Continuous Variable Polarization Entanglement," Phys. Rev. Lett. 89(25), 253601 (2002).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

C. Silberhorn, P. K. Lam, O. Weiss, F. K¨onig, N. Korolkova, and G. Leuchs, "Generation of Continuous Variable Einstein-Podolsky-Rosen Entanglement via the Kerr Nonlinearity in an Optical Fiber," Phys. Rev. Lett. 86(19), 4267 (2001).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Lassen, M.

Leuchs, G.

R. Dong, J. Heersink, J. F. Corney, P. D. Drummond, U. L. Andersen, and G. Leuchs, "Experimental evidence for Raman-induced limits to efficient squeezing in optical fibers," Opt. Lett. 33(2), 116-118 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

J. Milanovic, J. Heersink, C. Marquardt, A. Huck, U. Andersen, and G. Leuchs, "Polarization squeezing with photonic crystal fibers," Laser Phys. 17(4), 559-566 (2007).
[CrossRef]

J. F. Corney, P. D. Drummond, J. Heersink, V. Josse, G. Leuchs, and U. L. Andersen, "Many-Body Quantum Dynamics of Polarization Squeezing in Optical Fibers," Phys. Rev. Lett. 97(2), 023606 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

D. Elser, U. L. Andersen, A. Korn, O. Gl¨ockl, S. Lorenz, C. Marquardt, and G. Leuchs, "Reduction of Guided Acoustic Wave Brillouin Scattering in Photonic Crystal Fibers," Phys. Rev. Lett. 97(13), 133901 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

J. Heersink, V. Josse, G. Leuchs, and U. L. Andersen, "Efficient polarization squeezing in optical fibers," Opt. Lett. 30(10), 1192-1194 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

J. Heersink, T. Gaber, S. Lorenz, O. Gloeckl, N. Korolkova, and G. Leuchs, "Polarization squeezing of intense pulses with a fiber-optic Sagnac interferometer," Phys. Rev. A 68(1), 013815 (2003).
[CrossRef]

N. Korolkova, G. Leuchs, R. Loudon, T. C. Ralph, and C. Silberhorn, "Polarization squeezing and continuousvariable polarization entanglement," Phys. Rev. A 65(5), 052306 (2002).
[CrossRef]

C. Silberhorn, P. K. Lam, O. Weiss, F. K¨onig, N. Korolkova, and G. Leuchs, "Generation of Continuous Variable Einstein-Podolsky-Rosen Entanglement via the Kerr Nonlinearity in an Optical Fiber," Phys. Rev. Lett. 86(19), 4267 (2001).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

S. Schmitt, J. Ficker, M. Wolff, F. Konig, A. Sizmann, and G. Leuchs, "Photon-Number Squeezed Solitons from an Asymmetric Fiber-Optic Sagnac Interferometer," Phys. Rev. Lett. 81(12), 2446-2449 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Levenson, M. D.

R. M. Shelby, M. D. Levenson, S. H. Perlmutter, R. G. DeVoe, and D. F. Walls, "Broad-Band Parametric Deamplification of Quantum Noise in an Optical Fiber," Phys. Rev. Lett. 57(6), 691 (1986).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Lorenz, S.

D. Elser, U. L. Andersen, A. Korn, O. Gl¨ockl, S. Lorenz, C. Marquardt, and G. Leuchs, "Reduction of Guided Acoustic Wave Brillouin Scattering in Photonic Crystal Fibers," Phys. Rev. Lett. 97(13), 133901 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

J. Heersink, T. Gaber, S. Lorenz, O. Gloeckl, N. Korolkova, and G. Leuchs, "Polarization squeezing of intense pulses with a fiber-optic Sagnac interferometer," Phys. Rev. A 68(1), 013815 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Loudon, R.

N. Korolkova and R. Loudon, "Nonseparability and squeezing of continuous polarization variables," Phys. Rev. A 71(3), 032343 (2005).
[CrossRef]

N. Korolkova, G. Leuchs, R. Loudon, T. C. Ralph, and C. Silberhorn, "Polarization squeezing and continuousvariable polarization entanglement," Phys. Rev. A 65(5), 052306 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Luis, A.

Q1Q2. A. Luis and L. L. Sanchez-Soto, "Quantum phase difference, phase measurements, and Stokes operators," Prog. Opt. 41, 421-481 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Marquardt, C.

J. Milanovic, J. Heersink, C. Marquardt, A. Huck, U. Andersen, and G. Leuchs, "Polarization squeezing with photonic crystal fibers," Laser Phys. 17(4), 559-566 (2007).
[CrossRef]

D. Elser, U. L. Andersen, A. Korn, O. Gl¨ockl, S. Lorenz, C. Marquardt, and G. Leuchs, "Reduction of Guided Acoustic Wave Brillouin Scattering in Photonic Crystal Fibers," Phys. Rev. Lett. 97(13), 133901 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Milanovic, J.

J. Milanovic, J. Heersink, C. Marquardt, A. Huck, U. Andersen, and G. Leuchs, "Polarization squeezing with photonic crystal fibers," Laser Phys. 17(4), 559-566 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Newbury, N. R.

K. L. Corwin, N. R. Newbury, J. M. Dudley, S. Coen, S. A. Diddams, K. Weber, and R. S. Windeler, "Fundamental Noise Limitations to Supercontinuum Generation in Microstructure Fiber," Phys. Rev. Lett. 90(11), 113904 (2003).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Orlov, A. A.

A. S. Chirkin, A. A. Orlov, and D. Y. Parashchuk, "Quantum theory of two-mode interactions in optically anisotropic media with cubic nonlinearities: Generation of quadrature- and polarization-squeezed light," Quantum Electron. 23(10), 870-874 (1993).
[CrossRef]

Parashchuk, D. Y.

A. S. Chirkin, A. A. Orlov, and D. Y. Parashchuk, "Quantum theory of two-mode interactions in optically anisotropic media with cubic nonlinearities: Generation of quadrature- and polarization-squeezed light," Quantum Electron. 23(10), 870-874 (1993).
[CrossRef]

Perlmutter, S. H.

R. M. Shelby, M. D. Levenson, S. H. Perlmutter, R. G. DeVoe, and D. F. Walls, "Broad-Band Parametric Deamplification of Quantum Noise in an Optical Fiber," Phys. Rev. Lett. 57(6), 691 (1986).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Pinard, M.

V. Josse, A. Dantan, L. Vernac, A. Bramati, M. Pinard, and E. Giacobino, "Polarization Squeezing with Cold Atoms," Phys. Rev. Lett. 91(10), 103601 (2003).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Polzik, E. S.

J. L. Sørensen, J. Hald, and E. S. Polzik, "Quantum Noise of an Atomic Spin Polarization Measurement," Phys. Rev. Lett. 80(16), 3487-3490 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Porzio, A.

Ralph, T. C.

N. Korolkova, G. Leuchs, R. Loudon, T. C. Ralph, and C. Silberhorn, "Polarization squeezing and continuousvariable polarization entanglement," Phys. Rev. A 65(5), 052306 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Russell, P.

P. Russell, "Photonic Crystal Fibers," Science 299(5605), 358-362 (2003).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Sabuncu, M.

Schmitt, S.

S. Schmitt, J. Ficker, M. Wolff, F. Konig, A. Sizmann, and G. Leuchs, "Photon-Number Squeezed Solitons from an Asymmetric Fiber-Optic Sagnac Interferometer," Phys. Rev. Lett. 81(12), 2446-2449 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Schnabel, R.

W. P. Bowen, N. Treps, R. Schnabel, and P. K. Lam, "Experimental Demonstration of Continuous Variable Polarization Entanglement," Phys. Rev. Lett. 89(25), 253601 (2002).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Sharping, J. E.

Shelby, R. M.

P. D. Drummond, R. M. Shelby, S. R. Friberg, and Y. Yamamoto, "Quantum solitons in optical fibres," Nature 365(6444), 307-313 (1993).
[CrossRef]

R. M. Shelby, M. D. Levenson, S. H. Perlmutter, R. G. DeVoe, and D. F. Walls, "Broad-Band Parametric Deamplification of Quantum Noise in an Optical Fiber," Phys. Rev. Lett. 57(6), 691 (1986).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Silberhorn, C.

N. Korolkova, G. Leuchs, R. Loudon, T. C. Ralph, and C. Silberhorn, "Polarization squeezing and continuousvariable polarization entanglement," Phys. Rev. A 65(5), 052306 (2002).
[CrossRef]

C. Silberhorn, P. K. Lam, O. Weiss, F. K¨onig, N. Korolkova, and G. Leuchs, "Generation of Continuous Variable Einstein-Podolsky-Rosen Entanglement via the Kerr Nonlinearity in an Optical Fiber," Phys. Rev. Lett. 86(19), 4267 (2001).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Sizmann, A.

S. Schmitt, J. Ficker, M. Wolff, F. Konig, A. Sizmann, and G. Leuchs, "Photon-Number Squeezed Solitons from an Asymmetric Fiber-Optic Sagnac Interferometer," Phys. Rev. Lett. 81(12), 2446-2449 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Sørensen, J. L.

J. L. Sørensen, J. Hald, and E. S. Polzik, "Quantum Noise of an Atomic Spin Polarization Measurement," Phys. Rev. Lett. 80(16), 3487-3490 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Treps, N.

W. P. Bowen, N. Treps, R. Schnabel, and P. K. Lam, "Experimental Demonstration of Continuous Variable Polarization Entanglement," Phys. Rev. Lett. 89(25), 253601 (2002).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Vernac, L.

V. Josse, A. Dantan, L. Vernac, A. Bramati, M. Pinard, and E. Giacobino, "Polarization Squeezing with Cold Atoms," Phys. Rev. Lett. 91(10), 103601 (2003).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Walls, D. F.

R. M. Shelby, M. D. Levenson, S. H. Perlmutter, R. G. DeVoe, and D. F. Walls, "Broad-Band Parametric Deamplification of Quantum Noise in an Optical Fiber," Phys. Rev. Lett. 57(6), 691 (1986).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Weber, K.

K. L. Corwin, N. R. Newbury, J. M. Dudley, S. Coen, S. A. Diddams, K. Weber, and R. S. Windeler, "Fundamental Noise Limitations to Supercontinuum Generation in Microstructure Fiber," Phys. Rev. Lett. 90(11), 113904 (2003).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Weiss, O.

C. Silberhorn, P. K. Lam, O. Weiss, F. K¨onig, N. Korolkova, and G. Leuchs, "Generation of Continuous Variable Einstein-Podolsky-Rosen Entanglement via the Kerr Nonlinearity in an Optical Fiber," Phys. Rev. Lett. 86(19), 4267 (2001).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Windeler, R. S.

K. L. Corwin, N. R. Newbury, J. M. Dudley, S. Coen, S. A. Diddams, K. Weber, and R. S. Windeler, "Fundamental Noise Limitations to Supercontinuum Generation in Microstructure Fiber," Phys. Rev. Lett. 90(11), 113904 (2003).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

M. Fiorentino, J. E. Sharping, P. Kumar, A. Porzio, and R. S. Windeler, "Soliton squeezing in microstructure fiber," Opt. Lett. 27(8), 649-651 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Wolff, M.

S. Schmitt, J. Ficker, M. Wolff, F. Konig, A. Sizmann, and G. Leuchs, "Photon-Number Squeezed Solitons from an Asymmetric Fiber-Optic Sagnac Interferometer," Phys. Rev. Lett. 81(12), 2446-2449 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Yamamoto, Y.

P. D. Drummond, R. M. Shelby, S. R. Friberg, and Y. Yamamoto, "Quantum solitons in optical fibres," Nature 365(6444), 307-313 (1993).
[CrossRef]

M. Kitagawa and Y. Yamamoto, "Number-phase minimum-uncertainty state with reduced number uncertainty in a Kerr nonlinear interferometer," Phys. Rev. A 34(5), 3974-3988 (1986).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Laser Phys. (1)

J. Milanovic, J. Heersink, C. Marquardt, A. Huck, U. Andersen, and G. Leuchs, "Polarization squeezing with photonic crystal fibers," Laser Phys. 17(4), 559-566 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Nature (1)

P. D. Drummond, R. M. Shelby, S. R. Friberg, and Y. Yamamoto, "Quantum solitons in optical fibres," Nature 365(6444), 307-313 (1993).
[CrossRef]

Opt. Express (1)

Opt. Lett. (3)

Phys. Rev. A (4)

M. Kitagawa and Y. Yamamoto, "Number-phase minimum-uncertainty state with reduced number uncertainty in a Kerr nonlinear interferometer," Phys. Rev. A 34(5), 3974-3988 (1986).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

N. Korolkova and R. Loudon, "Nonseparability and squeezing of continuous polarization variables," Phys. Rev. A 71(3), 032343 (2005).
[CrossRef]

N. Korolkova, G. Leuchs, R. Loudon, T. C. Ralph, and C. Silberhorn, "Polarization squeezing and continuousvariable polarization entanglement," Phys. Rev. A 65(5), 052306 (2002).
[CrossRef]

J. Heersink, T. Gaber, S. Lorenz, O. Gloeckl, N. Korolkova, and G. Leuchs, "Polarization squeezing of intense pulses with a fiber-optic Sagnac interferometer," Phys. Rev. A 68(1), 013815 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Phys. Rev. Lett. (9)

V. Josse, A. Dantan, L. Vernac, A. Bramati, M. Pinard, and E. Giacobino, "Polarization Squeezing with Cold Atoms," Phys. Rev. Lett. 91(10), 103601 (2003).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

J. L. Sørensen, J. Hald, and E. S. Polzik, "Quantum Noise of an Atomic Spin Polarization Measurement," Phys. Rev. Lett. 80(16), 3487-3490 (1998).
[CrossRef]

C. Silberhorn, P. K. Lam, O. Weiss, F. K¨onig, N. Korolkova, and G. Leuchs, "Generation of Continuous Variable Einstein-Podolsky-Rosen Entanglement via the Kerr Nonlinearity in an Optical Fiber," Phys. Rev. Lett. 86(19), 4267 (2001).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

K. L. Corwin, N. R. Newbury, J. M. Dudley, S. Coen, S. A. Diddams, K. Weber, and R. S. Windeler, "Fundamental Noise Limitations to Supercontinuum Generation in Microstructure Fiber," Phys. Rev. Lett. 90(11), 113904 (2003).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

W. P. Bowen, N. Treps, R. Schnabel, and P. K. Lam, "Experimental Demonstration of Continuous Variable Polarization Entanglement," Phys. Rev. Lett. 89(25), 253601 (2002).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

S. Schmitt, J. Ficker, M. Wolff, F. Konig, A. Sizmann, and G. Leuchs, "Photon-Number Squeezed Solitons from an Asymmetric Fiber-Optic Sagnac Interferometer," Phys. Rev. Lett. 81(12), 2446-2449 (1998).
[CrossRef]

D. Elser, U. L. Andersen, A. Korn, O. Gl¨ockl, S. Lorenz, C. Marquardt, and G. Leuchs, "Reduction of Guided Acoustic Wave Brillouin Scattering in Photonic Crystal Fibers," Phys. Rev. Lett. 97(13), 133901 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

J. F. Corney, P. D. Drummond, J. Heersink, V. Josse, G. Leuchs, and U. L. Andersen, "Many-Body Quantum Dynamics of Polarization Squeezing in Optical Fibers," Phys. Rev. Lett. 97(2), 023606 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

R. M. Shelby, M. D. Levenson, S. H. Perlmutter, R. G. DeVoe, and D. F. Walls, "Broad-Band Parametric Deamplification of Quantum Noise in an Optical Fiber," Phys. Rev. Lett. 57(6), 691 (1986).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Prog. Opt. (1)

Q1Q2. A. Luis and L. L. Sanchez-Soto, "Quantum phase difference, phase measurements, and Stokes operators," Prog. Opt. 41, 421-481 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Quantum Electron. (1)

A. S. Chirkin, A. A. Orlov, and D. Y. Parashchuk, "Quantum theory of two-mode interactions in optically anisotropic media with cubic nonlinearities: Generation of quadrature- and polarization-squeezed light," Quantum Electron. 23(10), 870-874 (1993).
[CrossRef]

Science (1)

P. Russell, "Photonic Crystal Fibers," Science 299(5605), 358-362 (2003).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Other (7)

S. L. Braunstein and A. K. Pati, Quantum Information with Continuous Variables, 1st ed. (Kluwer Academic Publ, 2003).

G. Stokes, On the composition and resolution of streams of polarized light from different sources (Cambridge Philosophical Society, Cambridge, 1852).

J. Jauch, The theory of photons and electrons the relativistic quantum field theory of charged particles with spin one-half, (Addison-Wesley Pub. Co., Cambridge Mass., 1955).

B. Robson, The theory of polarization phenomena (Clarendon Press, Oxford, 1974).

A. E. Siegman, Lasers, new edition ed. (Univ Science Books, 1986).

B. E. Saleh and M. C. Teich, Fundamentals of Photonics, 2.Rev. ed. ed. (Wiley & Sons, 2007).

M. Born, Principles of optics : electromagnetic theory of propagation, interference and diffraction of light, 7th ed. (Cambridge University Press, Cambridge, New York, 1999).
[PubMed]

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Figures (3)

Fig. 1.
Fig. 1.

Schematic of the experimental squeezing setup. BS: beam splitter PBS: polarizing beam splitter. HWP: half-wave plate. QWP: quarter-wave plate.

Fig. 2.
Fig. 2.

The black circles show the experimentally measured visibility (left scale) whereas the blue stars show the theoretical maximum for the spectral overlap ��max of the corresponding spectra (right scale). The marked areas (2)-(4) are pulse energies for which the measured output spectra are shown in detail: (2) 7.3pJ, (3) 14.6pJ and (4) 21.9pJ. The gray and blue shaded areas are the s- and p-polarized outputs from PBS1, respectively. (NL-PM-750 fiber, 810nm center input wavelength.)

Fig. 3.
Fig. 3.

Measured noise power versus the optical pulse energy. Red squares and black triangles show squeezing and anti-squeezing, respectively (left scale). We observed a maximal squeezing of -3.9 ±0.3dB with an anti-squeezing of 16.2 ±0.3dB. The blue stars show the purity of the squeezed state (right scale). All data is measured at a frequency of 17 MHz. The squeezing is only corrected for electronic detector noise which is 13dB below the shot noise.

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