Abstract

We generate squeezed state of light at 860 nm with a monolithic optical parametric oscillator. The optical parametric oscillator consists of a periodically poled KTiOPO4 crystal, both ends of which are spherically polished and mirror-coated. We achieve both phase matching and cavity resonance by controlling only the temperature of the crystal. We observe up to −8.0±0.2 dB of squeezing with the bandwidth of 142 MHz. Our technique makes it possible to drive many monolithic cavities simultaneously by a single laser. Hence our monolithic optical parametric oscillator is quite suitable to continuous-variable quantum information experiments where we need a large number of highly squeezed light beams.

© 2010 OSA

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References

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  1. C. M. Caves, “Quantum-mechanical noise in an interferometer,” Phys. Rev. D 23, 1693–1708 (1981).
    [Crossref]
  2. K. Goda, O. Miyakawa, E. E. Mikhailov, S. Saraf, R. Adhikari, K. Mckenzie, R. Ward, S. Vass, A. J. Weinstein, and N. Mavalvala, “A quantum-enhanced prototype gravitational-wave detector,” Nature Phys. 4, 472–476 (2008).
    [Crossref]
  3. S. L. Braunstein and A. K. Pati, Quantum Information with Continuous Variables (Kluwer Academic Publishers, Dordrecht, 2003).
  4. N. J. Cerf, G. Leuchs, and E. S. Polzik, Quantum Information with Continuous Variables of Atoms and Light (Imperial College Press, 2007).
    [Crossref]
  5. R. Ukai, N. Iwata, Y. Shimokawa, S. C. Armstrong, A. Politi, J. Yoshikawa, P. van Loock, and A. Furusawa, “Demonstration of unconditional one-way quantum computations for continuous variables,” arXiv: 1001.4860 [quant-ph] (2010).
  6. T. Aoki, G. Takahashi, T. Kajiya, J. Yoshikawa, S. L. Braunstein, P. van Loock, and A. Furusawa, “Quantum error correction beyond qubits,” Nature Phys. 5, 541–546 (2009).
    [Crossref]
  7. R. E. Slusher, L. W. Hollberg, B. Yurke, J. C. Mertz, and J. F. Valley, “Observation of Squeezed States Generated by Four-Wave Mixing in an Optical Cavity,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 55, 2409–2412 (1985).
    [Crossref] [PubMed]
  8. L. A. Wu, H. J. Kimble, J. L. Hall, and H. Wu, “Generation of Squeezed States by Parametric Down Conversion,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 57, 2520–2523 (1986).
    [Crossref] [PubMed]
  9. R. M. Shelby, M. D. Levenson, S. H. Perlmutter, R. G. DeVoe, and D. F. Walls, “Broad-Band Parametric Deamplification of Quantum Noise in an Optical Fiber,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 57, 691–694 (1986).
    [Crossref] [PubMed]
  10. S. Suzuki, H. Yonezawa, F. Kannari, M. Sasaki, and A. Furusawa, “7 dB quadrature squeezing at 860 nm with periodically poled KTiOPO4,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 89, 061116 (2006).
    [Crossref]
  11. Y. Takeno, M. Yukawa, H. Yonezawa, and A. Furusawa, “Observation of -9 dB quadrature squeezing with improvement of phase stability in homodyne measurement,” Opt. Express 15, 4321–4327 (2007).
    [Crossref] [PubMed]
  12. K. Goda, E. E. Mikhailov, O. Miyakawa, S. Saraf, S. Vass, A. Weinstein, and N. Mavalvala, “Generation of a stable low-frequency squeezed vacuum field with periodically poled KTiOPO4 at 1064 nm,” Opt. Lett. 33, 92–94 (2008).
    [Crossref] [PubMed]
  13. H. Vahlbruch, M. Mehmet, S. Chelkowski, B. Hage, A. Franzen, N. Lastzka, S. Goßler, K. Danzmann, and R. Schnabel, “Observation of Squeezed Light with 10-dB Quantum-Noise Reduction,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 100, 033602 (2008).
    [Crossref] [PubMed]
  14. G. Masada, T. Suzudo, Y. Satoh, H. Ishizuki, T. Taira, and A. Furusawa, “Efficient generation of highly squeezed light with periodically poled MgO:LiNbO3,” Opt. Express 18, 13114–13121(2010).
    [Crossref] [PubMed]
  15. M. Mehmet, H. Vahlbruch, N. Lastzka, K. Danzmann, and R. Schnabel, “Observation of squeezed states with strong photon-number oscillations,” Phys Rev A 81, 013814 (2010).
    [Crossref]
  16. H. Vahlbruch, A. Khalaidovski, N. Lastzka, C. Gräf, K. Danzmann, and R. Schnabel, “The GEO600 squeezed light source,” Class. Quantum Grav. 27, 084027 (2010).
    [Crossref]
  17. P. K. Lam, T. C. Ralph, B. C. Buchler, D. E. McClelland, H-A. Bachor, and J. Gao, “Optimization and transfer of vacuum squeezing from an optical parametric oscillator,” J. Opt. B: Quantum Semiclass. Opt. 1, 469–474 (1999).
    [Crossref]
  18. A. Yariv, Optical Electronics in Modern Communications5th ed. (Oxford University Press, Oxford New York, 1997).
  19. G. G. Gurzadian, V. G. Dmitriev, and D. N. Nikogosian, Handbook of Nonlinear Optical Crystals (Springer, 1999).

2010 (3)

G. Masada, T. Suzudo, Y. Satoh, H. Ishizuki, T. Taira, and A. Furusawa, “Efficient generation of highly squeezed light with periodically poled MgO:LiNbO3,” Opt. Express 18, 13114–13121(2010).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

M. Mehmet, H. Vahlbruch, N. Lastzka, K. Danzmann, and R. Schnabel, “Observation of squeezed states with strong photon-number oscillations,” Phys Rev A 81, 013814 (2010).
[Crossref]

H. Vahlbruch, A. Khalaidovski, N. Lastzka, C. Gräf, K. Danzmann, and R. Schnabel, “The GEO600 squeezed light source,” Class. Quantum Grav. 27, 084027 (2010).
[Crossref]

2009 (1)

T. Aoki, G. Takahashi, T. Kajiya, J. Yoshikawa, S. L. Braunstein, P. van Loock, and A. Furusawa, “Quantum error correction beyond qubits,” Nature Phys. 5, 541–546 (2009).
[Crossref]

2008 (3)

K. Goda, O. Miyakawa, E. E. Mikhailov, S. Saraf, R. Adhikari, K. Mckenzie, R. Ward, S. Vass, A. J. Weinstein, and N. Mavalvala, “A quantum-enhanced prototype gravitational-wave detector,” Nature Phys. 4, 472–476 (2008).
[Crossref]

K. Goda, E. E. Mikhailov, O. Miyakawa, S. Saraf, S. Vass, A. Weinstein, and N. Mavalvala, “Generation of a stable low-frequency squeezed vacuum field with periodically poled KTiOPO4 at 1064 nm,” Opt. Lett. 33, 92–94 (2008).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

H. Vahlbruch, M. Mehmet, S. Chelkowski, B. Hage, A. Franzen, N. Lastzka, S. Goßler, K. Danzmann, and R. Schnabel, “Observation of Squeezed Light with 10-dB Quantum-Noise Reduction,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 100, 033602 (2008).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

2007 (1)

2006 (1)

S. Suzuki, H. Yonezawa, F. Kannari, M. Sasaki, and A. Furusawa, “7 dB quadrature squeezing at 860 nm with periodically poled KTiOPO4,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 89, 061116 (2006).
[Crossref]

1999 (1)

P. K. Lam, T. C. Ralph, B. C. Buchler, D. E. McClelland, H-A. Bachor, and J. Gao, “Optimization and transfer of vacuum squeezing from an optical parametric oscillator,” J. Opt. B: Quantum Semiclass. Opt. 1, 469–474 (1999).
[Crossref]

1986 (2)

L. A. Wu, H. J. Kimble, J. L. Hall, and H. Wu, “Generation of Squeezed States by Parametric Down Conversion,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 57, 2520–2523 (1986).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

R. M. Shelby, M. D. Levenson, S. H. Perlmutter, R. G. DeVoe, and D. F. Walls, “Broad-Band Parametric Deamplification of Quantum Noise in an Optical Fiber,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 57, 691–694 (1986).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

1985 (1)

R. E. Slusher, L. W. Hollberg, B. Yurke, J. C. Mertz, and J. F. Valley, “Observation of Squeezed States Generated by Four-Wave Mixing in an Optical Cavity,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 55, 2409–2412 (1985).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

1981 (1)

C. M. Caves, “Quantum-mechanical noise in an interferometer,” Phys. Rev. D 23, 1693–1708 (1981).
[Crossref]

Adhikari, R.

K. Goda, O. Miyakawa, E. E. Mikhailov, S. Saraf, R. Adhikari, K. Mckenzie, R. Ward, S. Vass, A. J. Weinstein, and N. Mavalvala, “A quantum-enhanced prototype gravitational-wave detector,” Nature Phys. 4, 472–476 (2008).
[Crossref]

Aoki, T.

T. Aoki, G. Takahashi, T. Kajiya, J. Yoshikawa, S. L. Braunstein, P. van Loock, and A. Furusawa, “Quantum error correction beyond qubits,” Nature Phys. 5, 541–546 (2009).
[Crossref]

Armstrong, S. C.

R. Ukai, N. Iwata, Y. Shimokawa, S. C. Armstrong, A. Politi, J. Yoshikawa, P. van Loock, and A. Furusawa, “Demonstration of unconditional one-way quantum computations for continuous variables,” arXiv: 1001.4860 [quant-ph] (2010).

Bachor, H-A.

P. K. Lam, T. C. Ralph, B. C. Buchler, D. E. McClelland, H-A. Bachor, and J. Gao, “Optimization and transfer of vacuum squeezing from an optical parametric oscillator,” J. Opt. B: Quantum Semiclass. Opt. 1, 469–474 (1999).
[Crossref]

Braunstein, S. L.

T. Aoki, G. Takahashi, T. Kajiya, J. Yoshikawa, S. L. Braunstein, P. van Loock, and A. Furusawa, “Quantum error correction beyond qubits,” Nature Phys. 5, 541–546 (2009).
[Crossref]

S. L. Braunstein and A. K. Pati, Quantum Information with Continuous Variables (Kluwer Academic Publishers, Dordrecht, 2003).

Buchler, B. C.

P. K. Lam, T. C. Ralph, B. C. Buchler, D. E. McClelland, H-A. Bachor, and J. Gao, “Optimization and transfer of vacuum squeezing from an optical parametric oscillator,” J. Opt. B: Quantum Semiclass. Opt. 1, 469–474 (1999).
[Crossref]

Caves, C. M.

C. M. Caves, “Quantum-mechanical noise in an interferometer,” Phys. Rev. D 23, 1693–1708 (1981).
[Crossref]

Cerf, N. J.

N. J. Cerf, G. Leuchs, and E. S. Polzik, Quantum Information with Continuous Variables of Atoms and Light (Imperial College Press, 2007).
[Crossref]

Chelkowski, S.

H. Vahlbruch, M. Mehmet, S. Chelkowski, B. Hage, A. Franzen, N. Lastzka, S. Goßler, K. Danzmann, and R. Schnabel, “Observation of Squeezed Light with 10-dB Quantum-Noise Reduction,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 100, 033602 (2008).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Danzmann, K.

M. Mehmet, H. Vahlbruch, N. Lastzka, K. Danzmann, and R. Schnabel, “Observation of squeezed states with strong photon-number oscillations,” Phys Rev A 81, 013814 (2010).
[Crossref]

H. Vahlbruch, A. Khalaidovski, N. Lastzka, C. Gräf, K. Danzmann, and R. Schnabel, “The GEO600 squeezed light source,” Class. Quantum Grav. 27, 084027 (2010).
[Crossref]

H. Vahlbruch, M. Mehmet, S. Chelkowski, B. Hage, A. Franzen, N. Lastzka, S. Goßler, K. Danzmann, and R. Schnabel, “Observation of Squeezed Light with 10-dB Quantum-Noise Reduction,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 100, 033602 (2008).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

DeVoe, R. G.

R. M. Shelby, M. D. Levenson, S. H. Perlmutter, R. G. DeVoe, and D. F. Walls, “Broad-Band Parametric Deamplification of Quantum Noise in an Optical Fiber,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 57, 691–694 (1986).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Dmitriev, V. G.

G. G. Gurzadian, V. G. Dmitriev, and D. N. Nikogosian, Handbook of Nonlinear Optical Crystals (Springer, 1999).

Franzen, A.

H. Vahlbruch, M. Mehmet, S. Chelkowski, B. Hage, A. Franzen, N. Lastzka, S. Goßler, K. Danzmann, and R. Schnabel, “Observation of Squeezed Light with 10-dB Quantum-Noise Reduction,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 100, 033602 (2008).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Furusawa, A.

G. Masada, T. Suzudo, Y. Satoh, H. Ishizuki, T. Taira, and A. Furusawa, “Efficient generation of highly squeezed light with periodically poled MgO:LiNbO3,” Opt. Express 18, 13114–13121(2010).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

T. Aoki, G. Takahashi, T. Kajiya, J. Yoshikawa, S. L. Braunstein, P. van Loock, and A. Furusawa, “Quantum error correction beyond qubits,” Nature Phys. 5, 541–546 (2009).
[Crossref]

Y. Takeno, M. Yukawa, H. Yonezawa, and A. Furusawa, “Observation of -9 dB quadrature squeezing with improvement of phase stability in homodyne measurement,” Opt. Express 15, 4321–4327 (2007).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

S. Suzuki, H. Yonezawa, F. Kannari, M. Sasaki, and A. Furusawa, “7 dB quadrature squeezing at 860 nm with periodically poled KTiOPO4,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 89, 061116 (2006).
[Crossref]

R. Ukai, N. Iwata, Y. Shimokawa, S. C. Armstrong, A. Politi, J. Yoshikawa, P. van Loock, and A. Furusawa, “Demonstration of unconditional one-way quantum computations for continuous variables,” arXiv: 1001.4860 [quant-ph] (2010).

Gao, J.

P. K. Lam, T. C. Ralph, B. C. Buchler, D. E. McClelland, H-A. Bachor, and J. Gao, “Optimization and transfer of vacuum squeezing from an optical parametric oscillator,” J. Opt. B: Quantum Semiclass. Opt. 1, 469–474 (1999).
[Crossref]

Goda, K.

K. Goda, O. Miyakawa, E. E. Mikhailov, S. Saraf, R. Adhikari, K. Mckenzie, R. Ward, S. Vass, A. J. Weinstein, and N. Mavalvala, “A quantum-enhanced prototype gravitational-wave detector,” Nature Phys. 4, 472–476 (2008).
[Crossref]

K. Goda, E. E. Mikhailov, O. Miyakawa, S. Saraf, S. Vass, A. Weinstein, and N. Mavalvala, “Generation of a stable low-frequency squeezed vacuum field with periodically poled KTiOPO4 at 1064 nm,” Opt. Lett. 33, 92–94 (2008).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Goßler, S.

H. Vahlbruch, M. Mehmet, S. Chelkowski, B. Hage, A. Franzen, N. Lastzka, S. Goßler, K. Danzmann, and R. Schnabel, “Observation of Squeezed Light with 10-dB Quantum-Noise Reduction,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 100, 033602 (2008).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Gräf, C.

H. Vahlbruch, A. Khalaidovski, N. Lastzka, C. Gräf, K. Danzmann, and R. Schnabel, “The GEO600 squeezed light source,” Class. Quantum Grav. 27, 084027 (2010).
[Crossref]

Gurzadian, G. G.

G. G. Gurzadian, V. G. Dmitriev, and D. N. Nikogosian, Handbook of Nonlinear Optical Crystals (Springer, 1999).

Hage, B.

H. Vahlbruch, M. Mehmet, S. Chelkowski, B. Hage, A. Franzen, N. Lastzka, S. Goßler, K. Danzmann, and R. Schnabel, “Observation of Squeezed Light with 10-dB Quantum-Noise Reduction,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 100, 033602 (2008).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Hall, J. L.

L. A. Wu, H. J. Kimble, J. L. Hall, and H. Wu, “Generation of Squeezed States by Parametric Down Conversion,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 57, 2520–2523 (1986).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Hollberg, L. W.

R. E. Slusher, L. W. Hollberg, B. Yurke, J. C. Mertz, and J. F. Valley, “Observation of Squeezed States Generated by Four-Wave Mixing in an Optical Cavity,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 55, 2409–2412 (1985).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Ishizuki, H.

Iwata, N.

R. Ukai, N. Iwata, Y. Shimokawa, S. C. Armstrong, A. Politi, J. Yoshikawa, P. van Loock, and A. Furusawa, “Demonstration of unconditional one-way quantum computations for continuous variables,” arXiv: 1001.4860 [quant-ph] (2010).

Kajiya, T.

T. Aoki, G. Takahashi, T. Kajiya, J. Yoshikawa, S. L. Braunstein, P. van Loock, and A. Furusawa, “Quantum error correction beyond qubits,” Nature Phys. 5, 541–546 (2009).
[Crossref]

Kannari, F.

S. Suzuki, H. Yonezawa, F. Kannari, M. Sasaki, and A. Furusawa, “7 dB quadrature squeezing at 860 nm with periodically poled KTiOPO4,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 89, 061116 (2006).
[Crossref]

Khalaidovski, A.

H. Vahlbruch, A. Khalaidovski, N. Lastzka, C. Gräf, K. Danzmann, and R. Schnabel, “The GEO600 squeezed light source,” Class. Quantum Grav. 27, 084027 (2010).
[Crossref]

Kimble, H. J.

L. A. Wu, H. J. Kimble, J. L. Hall, and H. Wu, “Generation of Squeezed States by Parametric Down Conversion,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 57, 2520–2523 (1986).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Lam, P. K.

P. K. Lam, T. C. Ralph, B. C. Buchler, D. E. McClelland, H-A. Bachor, and J. Gao, “Optimization and transfer of vacuum squeezing from an optical parametric oscillator,” J. Opt. B: Quantum Semiclass. Opt. 1, 469–474 (1999).
[Crossref]

Lastzka, N.

H. Vahlbruch, A. Khalaidovski, N. Lastzka, C. Gräf, K. Danzmann, and R. Schnabel, “The GEO600 squeezed light source,” Class. Quantum Grav. 27, 084027 (2010).
[Crossref]

M. Mehmet, H. Vahlbruch, N. Lastzka, K. Danzmann, and R. Schnabel, “Observation of squeezed states with strong photon-number oscillations,” Phys Rev A 81, 013814 (2010).
[Crossref]

H. Vahlbruch, M. Mehmet, S. Chelkowski, B. Hage, A. Franzen, N. Lastzka, S. Goßler, K. Danzmann, and R. Schnabel, “Observation of Squeezed Light with 10-dB Quantum-Noise Reduction,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 100, 033602 (2008).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Leuchs, G.

N. J. Cerf, G. Leuchs, and E. S. Polzik, Quantum Information with Continuous Variables of Atoms and Light (Imperial College Press, 2007).
[Crossref]

Levenson, M. D.

R. M. Shelby, M. D. Levenson, S. H. Perlmutter, R. G. DeVoe, and D. F. Walls, “Broad-Band Parametric Deamplification of Quantum Noise in an Optical Fiber,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 57, 691–694 (1986).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Masada, G.

Mavalvala, N.

K. Goda, E. E. Mikhailov, O. Miyakawa, S. Saraf, S. Vass, A. Weinstein, and N. Mavalvala, “Generation of a stable low-frequency squeezed vacuum field with periodically poled KTiOPO4 at 1064 nm,” Opt. Lett. 33, 92–94 (2008).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

K. Goda, O. Miyakawa, E. E. Mikhailov, S. Saraf, R. Adhikari, K. Mckenzie, R. Ward, S. Vass, A. J. Weinstein, and N. Mavalvala, “A quantum-enhanced prototype gravitational-wave detector,” Nature Phys. 4, 472–476 (2008).
[Crossref]

McClelland, D. E.

P. K. Lam, T. C. Ralph, B. C. Buchler, D. E. McClelland, H-A. Bachor, and J. Gao, “Optimization and transfer of vacuum squeezing from an optical parametric oscillator,” J. Opt. B: Quantum Semiclass. Opt. 1, 469–474 (1999).
[Crossref]

Mckenzie, K.

K. Goda, O. Miyakawa, E. E. Mikhailov, S. Saraf, R. Adhikari, K. Mckenzie, R. Ward, S. Vass, A. J. Weinstein, and N. Mavalvala, “A quantum-enhanced prototype gravitational-wave detector,” Nature Phys. 4, 472–476 (2008).
[Crossref]

Mehmet, M.

M. Mehmet, H. Vahlbruch, N. Lastzka, K. Danzmann, and R. Schnabel, “Observation of squeezed states with strong photon-number oscillations,” Phys Rev A 81, 013814 (2010).
[Crossref]

H. Vahlbruch, M. Mehmet, S. Chelkowski, B. Hage, A. Franzen, N. Lastzka, S. Goßler, K. Danzmann, and R. Schnabel, “Observation of Squeezed Light with 10-dB Quantum-Noise Reduction,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 100, 033602 (2008).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Mertz, J. C.

R. E. Slusher, L. W. Hollberg, B. Yurke, J. C. Mertz, and J. F. Valley, “Observation of Squeezed States Generated by Four-Wave Mixing in an Optical Cavity,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 55, 2409–2412 (1985).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Mikhailov, E. E.

K. Goda, O. Miyakawa, E. E. Mikhailov, S. Saraf, R. Adhikari, K. Mckenzie, R. Ward, S. Vass, A. J. Weinstein, and N. Mavalvala, “A quantum-enhanced prototype gravitational-wave detector,” Nature Phys. 4, 472–476 (2008).
[Crossref]

K. Goda, E. E. Mikhailov, O. Miyakawa, S. Saraf, S. Vass, A. Weinstein, and N. Mavalvala, “Generation of a stable low-frequency squeezed vacuum field with periodically poled KTiOPO4 at 1064 nm,” Opt. Lett. 33, 92–94 (2008).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Miyakawa, O.

K. Goda, E. E. Mikhailov, O. Miyakawa, S. Saraf, S. Vass, A. Weinstein, and N. Mavalvala, “Generation of a stable low-frequency squeezed vacuum field with periodically poled KTiOPO4 at 1064 nm,” Opt. Lett. 33, 92–94 (2008).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

K. Goda, O. Miyakawa, E. E. Mikhailov, S. Saraf, R. Adhikari, K. Mckenzie, R. Ward, S. Vass, A. J. Weinstein, and N. Mavalvala, “A quantum-enhanced prototype gravitational-wave detector,” Nature Phys. 4, 472–476 (2008).
[Crossref]

Nikogosian, D. N.

G. G. Gurzadian, V. G. Dmitriev, and D. N. Nikogosian, Handbook of Nonlinear Optical Crystals (Springer, 1999).

Pati, A. K.

S. L. Braunstein and A. K. Pati, Quantum Information with Continuous Variables (Kluwer Academic Publishers, Dordrecht, 2003).

Perlmutter, S. H.

R. M. Shelby, M. D. Levenson, S. H. Perlmutter, R. G. DeVoe, and D. F. Walls, “Broad-Band Parametric Deamplification of Quantum Noise in an Optical Fiber,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 57, 691–694 (1986).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Politi, A.

R. Ukai, N. Iwata, Y. Shimokawa, S. C. Armstrong, A. Politi, J. Yoshikawa, P. van Loock, and A. Furusawa, “Demonstration of unconditional one-way quantum computations for continuous variables,” arXiv: 1001.4860 [quant-ph] (2010).

Polzik, E. S.

N. J. Cerf, G. Leuchs, and E. S. Polzik, Quantum Information with Continuous Variables of Atoms and Light (Imperial College Press, 2007).
[Crossref]

Ralph, T. C.

P. K. Lam, T. C. Ralph, B. C. Buchler, D. E. McClelland, H-A. Bachor, and J. Gao, “Optimization and transfer of vacuum squeezing from an optical parametric oscillator,” J. Opt. B: Quantum Semiclass. Opt. 1, 469–474 (1999).
[Crossref]

Saraf, S.

K. Goda, O. Miyakawa, E. E. Mikhailov, S. Saraf, R. Adhikari, K. Mckenzie, R. Ward, S. Vass, A. J. Weinstein, and N. Mavalvala, “A quantum-enhanced prototype gravitational-wave detector,” Nature Phys. 4, 472–476 (2008).
[Crossref]

K. Goda, E. E. Mikhailov, O. Miyakawa, S. Saraf, S. Vass, A. Weinstein, and N. Mavalvala, “Generation of a stable low-frequency squeezed vacuum field with periodically poled KTiOPO4 at 1064 nm,” Opt. Lett. 33, 92–94 (2008).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Sasaki, M.

S. Suzuki, H. Yonezawa, F. Kannari, M. Sasaki, and A. Furusawa, “7 dB quadrature squeezing at 860 nm with periodically poled KTiOPO4,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 89, 061116 (2006).
[Crossref]

Satoh, Y.

Schnabel, R.

H. Vahlbruch, A. Khalaidovski, N. Lastzka, C. Gräf, K. Danzmann, and R. Schnabel, “The GEO600 squeezed light source,” Class. Quantum Grav. 27, 084027 (2010).
[Crossref]

M. Mehmet, H. Vahlbruch, N. Lastzka, K. Danzmann, and R. Schnabel, “Observation of squeezed states with strong photon-number oscillations,” Phys Rev A 81, 013814 (2010).
[Crossref]

H. Vahlbruch, M. Mehmet, S. Chelkowski, B. Hage, A. Franzen, N. Lastzka, S. Goßler, K. Danzmann, and R. Schnabel, “Observation of Squeezed Light with 10-dB Quantum-Noise Reduction,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 100, 033602 (2008).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Shelby, R. M.

R. M. Shelby, M. D. Levenson, S. H. Perlmutter, R. G. DeVoe, and D. F. Walls, “Broad-Band Parametric Deamplification of Quantum Noise in an Optical Fiber,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 57, 691–694 (1986).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Shimokawa, Y.

R. Ukai, N. Iwata, Y. Shimokawa, S. C. Armstrong, A. Politi, J. Yoshikawa, P. van Loock, and A. Furusawa, “Demonstration of unconditional one-way quantum computations for continuous variables,” arXiv: 1001.4860 [quant-ph] (2010).

Slusher, R. E.

R. E. Slusher, L. W. Hollberg, B. Yurke, J. C. Mertz, and J. F. Valley, “Observation of Squeezed States Generated by Four-Wave Mixing in an Optical Cavity,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 55, 2409–2412 (1985).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Suzudo, T.

Suzuki, S.

S. Suzuki, H. Yonezawa, F. Kannari, M. Sasaki, and A. Furusawa, “7 dB quadrature squeezing at 860 nm with periodically poled KTiOPO4,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 89, 061116 (2006).
[Crossref]

Taira, T.

Takahashi, G.

T. Aoki, G. Takahashi, T. Kajiya, J. Yoshikawa, S. L. Braunstein, P. van Loock, and A. Furusawa, “Quantum error correction beyond qubits,” Nature Phys. 5, 541–546 (2009).
[Crossref]

Takeno, Y.

Ukai, R.

R. Ukai, N. Iwata, Y. Shimokawa, S. C. Armstrong, A. Politi, J. Yoshikawa, P. van Loock, and A. Furusawa, “Demonstration of unconditional one-way quantum computations for continuous variables,” arXiv: 1001.4860 [quant-ph] (2010).

Vahlbruch, H.

M. Mehmet, H. Vahlbruch, N. Lastzka, K. Danzmann, and R. Schnabel, “Observation of squeezed states with strong photon-number oscillations,” Phys Rev A 81, 013814 (2010).
[Crossref]

H. Vahlbruch, A. Khalaidovski, N. Lastzka, C. Gräf, K. Danzmann, and R. Schnabel, “The GEO600 squeezed light source,” Class. Quantum Grav. 27, 084027 (2010).
[Crossref]

H. Vahlbruch, M. Mehmet, S. Chelkowski, B. Hage, A. Franzen, N. Lastzka, S. Goßler, K. Danzmann, and R. Schnabel, “Observation of Squeezed Light with 10-dB Quantum-Noise Reduction,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 100, 033602 (2008).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Valley, J. F.

R. E. Slusher, L. W. Hollberg, B. Yurke, J. C. Mertz, and J. F. Valley, “Observation of Squeezed States Generated by Four-Wave Mixing in an Optical Cavity,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 55, 2409–2412 (1985).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

van Loock, P.

T. Aoki, G. Takahashi, T. Kajiya, J. Yoshikawa, S. L. Braunstein, P. van Loock, and A. Furusawa, “Quantum error correction beyond qubits,” Nature Phys. 5, 541–546 (2009).
[Crossref]

R. Ukai, N. Iwata, Y. Shimokawa, S. C. Armstrong, A. Politi, J. Yoshikawa, P. van Loock, and A. Furusawa, “Demonstration of unconditional one-way quantum computations for continuous variables,” arXiv: 1001.4860 [quant-ph] (2010).

Vass, S.

K. Goda, O. Miyakawa, E. E. Mikhailov, S. Saraf, R. Adhikari, K. Mckenzie, R. Ward, S. Vass, A. J. Weinstein, and N. Mavalvala, “A quantum-enhanced prototype gravitational-wave detector,” Nature Phys. 4, 472–476 (2008).
[Crossref]

K. Goda, E. E. Mikhailov, O. Miyakawa, S. Saraf, S. Vass, A. Weinstein, and N. Mavalvala, “Generation of a stable low-frequency squeezed vacuum field with periodically poled KTiOPO4 at 1064 nm,” Opt. Lett. 33, 92–94 (2008).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Walls, D. F.

R. M. Shelby, M. D. Levenson, S. H. Perlmutter, R. G. DeVoe, and D. F. Walls, “Broad-Band Parametric Deamplification of Quantum Noise in an Optical Fiber,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 57, 691–694 (1986).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Ward, R.

K. Goda, O. Miyakawa, E. E. Mikhailov, S. Saraf, R. Adhikari, K. Mckenzie, R. Ward, S. Vass, A. J. Weinstein, and N. Mavalvala, “A quantum-enhanced prototype gravitational-wave detector,” Nature Phys. 4, 472–476 (2008).
[Crossref]

Weinstein, A.

Weinstein, A. J.

K. Goda, O. Miyakawa, E. E. Mikhailov, S. Saraf, R. Adhikari, K. Mckenzie, R. Ward, S. Vass, A. J. Weinstein, and N. Mavalvala, “A quantum-enhanced prototype gravitational-wave detector,” Nature Phys. 4, 472–476 (2008).
[Crossref]

Wu, H.

L. A. Wu, H. J. Kimble, J. L. Hall, and H. Wu, “Generation of Squeezed States by Parametric Down Conversion,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 57, 2520–2523 (1986).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Wu, L. A.

L. A. Wu, H. J. Kimble, J. L. Hall, and H. Wu, “Generation of Squeezed States by Parametric Down Conversion,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 57, 2520–2523 (1986).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Yariv, A.

A. Yariv, Optical Electronics in Modern Communications5th ed. (Oxford University Press, Oxford New York, 1997).

Yonezawa, H.

Y. Takeno, M. Yukawa, H. Yonezawa, and A. Furusawa, “Observation of -9 dB quadrature squeezing with improvement of phase stability in homodyne measurement,” Opt. Express 15, 4321–4327 (2007).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

S. Suzuki, H. Yonezawa, F. Kannari, M. Sasaki, and A. Furusawa, “7 dB quadrature squeezing at 860 nm with periodically poled KTiOPO4,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 89, 061116 (2006).
[Crossref]

Yoshikawa, J.

T. Aoki, G. Takahashi, T. Kajiya, J. Yoshikawa, S. L. Braunstein, P. van Loock, and A. Furusawa, “Quantum error correction beyond qubits,” Nature Phys. 5, 541–546 (2009).
[Crossref]

R. Ukai, N. Iwata, Y. Shimokawa, S. C. Armstrong, A. Politi, J. Yoshikawa, P. van Loock, and A. Furusawa, “Demonstration of unconditional one-way quantum computations for continuous variables,” arXiv: 1001.4860 [quant-ph] (2010).

Yukawa, M.

Yurke, B.

R. E. Slusher, L. W. Hollberg, B. Yurke, J. C. Mertz, and J. F. Valley, “Observation of Squeezed States Generated by Four-Wave Mixing in an Optical Cavity,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 55, 2409–2412 (1985).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Appl. Phys. Lett. (1)

S. Suzuki, H. Yonezawa, F. Kannari, M. Sasaki, and A. Furusawa, “7 dB quadrature squeezing at 860 nm with periodically poled KTiOPO4,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 89, 061116 (2006).
[Crossref]

Class. Quantum Grav. (1)

H. Vahlbruch, A. Khalaidovski, N. Lastzka, C. Gräf, K. Danzmann, and R. Schnabel, “The GEO600 squeezed light source,” Class. Quantum Grav. 27, 084027 (2010).
[Crossref]

J. Opt. B: Quantum Semiclass. Opt. (1)

P. K. Lam, T. C. Ralph, B. C. Buchler, D. E. McClelland, H-A. Bachor, and J. Gao, “Optimization and transfer of vacuum squeezing from an optical parametric oscillator,” J. Opt. B: Quantum Semiclass. Opt. 1, 469–474 (1999).
[Crossref]

Nature Phys. (2)

K. Goda, O. Miyakawa, E. E. Mikhailov, S. Saraf, R. Adhikari, K. Mckenzie, R. Ward, S. Vass, A. J. Weinstein, and N. Mavalvala, “A quantum-enhanced prototype gravitational-wave detector,” Nature Phys. 4, 472–476 (2008).
[Crossref]

T. Aoki, G. Takahashi, T. Kajiya, J. Yoshikawa, S. L. Braunstein, P. van Loock, and A. Furusawa, “Quantum error correction beyond qubits,” Nature Phys. 5, 541–546 (2009).
[Crossref]

Opt. Express (2)

Opt. Lett. (1)

Phys Rev A (1)

M. Mehmet, H. Vahlbruch, N. Lastzka, K. Danzmann, and R. Schnabel, “Observation of squeezed states with strong photon-number oscillations,” Phys Rev A 81, 013814 (2010).
[Crossref]

Phys. Rev. D (1)

C. M. Caves, “Quantum-mechanical noise in an interferometer,” Phys. Rev. D 23, 1693–1708 (1981).
[Crossref]

Phys. Rev. Lett. (4)

H. Vahlbruch, M. Mehmet, S. Chelkowski, B. Hage, A. Franzen, N. Lastzka, S. Goßler, K. Danzmann, and R. Schnabel, “Observation of Squeezed Light with 10-dB Quantum-Noise Reduction,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 100, 033602 (2008).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

R. E. Slusher, L. W. Hollberg, B. Yurke, J. C. Mertz, and J. F. Valley, “Observation of Squeezed States Generated by Four-Wave Mixing in an Optical Cavity,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 55, 2409–2412 (1985).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

L. A. Wu, H. J. Kimble, J. L. Hall, and H. Wu, “Generation of Squeezed States by Parametric Down Conversion,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 57, 2520–2523 (1986).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

R. M. Shelby, M. D. Levenson, S. H. Perlmutter, R. G. DeVoe, and D. F. Walls, “Broad-Band Parametric Deamplification of Quantum Noise in an Optical Fiber,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 57, 691–694 (1986).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Other (5)

S. L. Braunstein and A. K. Pati, Quantum Information with Continuous Variables (Kluwer Academic Publishers, Dordrecht, 2003).

N. J. Cerf, G. Leuchs, and E. S. Polzik, Quantum Information with Continuous Variables of Atoms and Light (Imperial College Press, 2007).
[Crossref]

R. Ukai, N. Iwata, Y. Shimokawa, S. C. Armstrong, A. Politi, J. Yoshikawa, P. van Loock, and A. Furusawa, “Demonstration of unconditional one-way quantum computations for continuous variables,” arXiv: 1001.4860 [quant-ph] (2010).

A. Yariv, Optical Electronics in Modern Communications5th ed. (Oxford University Press, Oxford New York, 1997).

G. G. Gurzadian, V. G. Dmitriev, and D. N. Nikogosian, Handbook of Nonlinear Optical Crystals (Springer, 1999).

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Figures (4)

Fig. 1.
Fig. 1.

Theoretical calculation of phase matching and resonance condition. Blue line is OPO transmittance power (resonance condition). Red line is conversion efficiency η from fundamental to second harmonic beam (phase matching condition).

Fig. 2.
Fig. 2.

Experimental setup. Abbreviations are, EOM: electro-optic modulator, BSs: beam splitter, MCC: mode cleaning cavity, PZTs: piezoelectric transducer, and DMs: dichroic mirror (high reflection for 860 nm and high transmittance for 430 nm).

Fig. 3.
Fig. 3.

Measurement results of squeezed states. Here we use OPO No.1. All the data was measured at 2 MHz. (a) Measured at the fixed pump power (130 mW). Trace (i) is the normalized shot noise level. Trace (ii) and (iii) are the normalized squeezing and anti-squeezing level. (b) Pump power dependence of squeezing and anti-squeezing level. Trace(i) and (ii) correspond to the normalized squeezing and anti-squeezing level. Solid curves indicate the theoretical values.

Fig. 4.
Fig. 4.

Broadband measurement of squeezed states. Trace (i) and (ii) correspond to the normalized squeezing and anti-squeezing level. Dark noise is subtracted. Solid black lines indicate the theoretical values. Spikes at 9.1 and 36.7 MHz are modulation signals for cavity locking.

Tables (1)

Tables Icon

Table 1. Measured data for three OPOs.

Equations (6)

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η sin 2 ( Δ kl 2 ) ( Δ kl 2 ) 2 ,
Δ k = ( Δ n z ( 2 ω ) Δ n z ( ω ) ) 4 π λ .
Δ T PM λ 2 l d n z ( 2 w ) dT d n z ( ω ) dT 1 .
Δ T FSR = λ 2 l d n z ( ω ) dT 1 .
R ± R ± cos 2 θ ˜ + R sin 2 θ ˜ ,
R ± = 1 ± κ T T + L 4 x ( 1 x ) 2 + ( f f 0 ) 2 .

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