Abstract

We report the performance of an X-ray phase contrast microscope for laboratory sources with 300 nm spatial resolution. The microscope is based on a commercial X-ray microfocus source equipped with a planar X-ray waveguide able to produce a sub-micrometer x-ray beam in one dimension. Phase contrast images of representative samples are reported. The achieved contrast and resolution is discussed for different configurations. The proposed approach could represent a simple, inexpensive, solution for sub-micrometer resolution imaging with small laboratory setups.

© 2010 OSA

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    [CrossRef]
  2. A. Momose, “Phase-contrast X-ray imaging based on interferometry,” J. Synchrotron Radiat. 9(3), 136–142 (2002).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  3. C. David, B. Nöhammer, H. H. Solak, and E. Ziegler, “Differential x-ray phase contrast imaging using a shearing interferometer,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 81(17), 3287–3289 (2002).
    [CrossRef]
  4. D. Chapman, W. Thomlinson, R. E. Johnston, D. Washburn, E. Pisano, N. Gmür, Z. Zhong, R. Menk, F. Arfelli, and D. Sayers, “Diffraction enhanced x-ray imaging,” Phys. Med. Biol. 42(11), 2015–2025 (1997).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  5. P. Cloetens, R. Barrett, J. Baruchel, J.-P. Guigay, and M. Schlenker, “Phase objects in synchrotron radiation hard x-ray imaging,” J. Phys. D Appl. Phys. 29(1), 133–146 (1996).
    [CrossRef]
  6. K. A. Nugent, T. E. Gureyev, D. J. Cookson, D. Paganin, and Z. Barnea, “Quantitative phase imaging using hard x-rays,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 77(14), 2961–2964 (1996).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  7. A. Pogany, D. Gao, and S. W. Wilkins, “Contrast and resolution in imaging with a microfocus x-ray source,” Rev. Sci. Instrum. 68(7), 2774–2782 (1997).
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    [CrossRef]
  10. R. Toth, J. C. Kieffer, S. Fourmaux, T. Ozaki, and A. Krol, “In-line phase-contrast imaging with a laser-based hard x-ray source,” Rev. Sci. Instrum. 76(8), 083701 (2005).
    [CrossRef]
  11. S. C. Mayo, P. R. Miller, S. W. Wilkins, T. J. Davis, D. Gao, T. E. Gureyev, D. Paganin, D. J. Parry, A. Pogany, and A. W. Stevenson, “Quantitative X-ray projection microscopy: phase-contrast and multi-spectral imaging,” J. Microsc. 207(2), 79–96 (2002).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
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  13. S. Lagomarsino, W. Jark, S. Di Fonzo, A. Cedola, B. Mueller, P. Engstrom, and C. Riekel, “Sub-micro-meter X-ray beam production by a thin film wave-guide,” J. Appl. Phys. 79(8), 4471–4473 (1996).
    [CrossRef]
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    [CrossRef]
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    [CrossRef]
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    [CrossRef]
  17. L. De Caro, A. Cedola, C. Giannini, I. Bukreeva, and S. Lagomarsino, “In-line phase-contrast imaging for strong absorbing objects,” Phys. Med. Biol. 53(22), 6619–6637 (2008).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  18. I. Bukreeva, D. Pelliccia, A. Cedola, F. Scarinci, M. Ilie, C. Giannini, L. De Caro, and S. Lagomarsino, “Analysis of tapered front-coupling X-ray waveguides,” J. Synchrotron Radiat. 17(1), 61–68 (2010).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
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    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  21. L. De Caro, C. Giannini, D. Pelliccia, C. Mocuta, T. H. Metzger, A. Guagliardi, A. Cedola, I. Burkeeva, and S. Lagomarsino, “In-line holography and coherent diffractive imaging with x-ray waveguides,” Phys. Rev. B 77(8), 081408 (2008).
    [CrossRef]
  22. F. Pfeiffer, C. David, M. Burghammer, C. Riekel, and T. Salditt, “Two-dimensional x-ray waveguides and point sources,” Science 297(5579), 230–234 (2002).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]

2010

I. Bukreeva, D. Pelliccia, A. Cedola, F. Scarinci, M. Ilie, C. Giannini, L. De Caro, and S. Lagomarsino, “Analysis of tapered front-coupling X-ray waveguides,” J. Synchrotron Radiat. 17(1), 61–68 (2010).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

2009

2008

L. De Caro, A. Cedola, C. Giannini, I. Bukreeva, and S. Lagomarsino, “In-line phase-contrast imaging for strong absorbing objects,” Phys. Med. Biol. 53(22), 6619–6637 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

L. De Caro, C. Giannini, D. Pelliccia, C. Mocuta, T. H. Metzger, A. Guagliardi, A. Cedola, I. Burkeeva, and S. Lagomarsino, “In-line holography and coherent diffractive imaging with x-ray waveguides,” Phys. Rev. B 77(8), 081408 (2008).
[CrossRef]

2007

D. Pelliccia, I. Bukreeva, M. Ilie, W. Jark, A. Cedola, F. Scarinci, and S. Lagomarsino, “Computer simulations and experimental results on air-gap X-ray waveguides,” Spectrochim. Acta, B At. Spectrosc. 62(6-7), 615–621 (2007).
[CrossRef]

2006

S. Almaviva, F. Bonfigli, I. Franzini, A. Lai, R. M. Montereali, D. Pelliccia, A. Cedola, and S. Lagomarsino, “Hard x-ray contact microscopy with 250 nm spatial resolution using a LiF film detector and a tabletop microsource,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 89(5), 054102 (2006).
[CrossRef]

2005

R. Toth, J. C. Kieffer, S. Fourmaux, T. Ozaki, and A. Krol, “In-line phase-contrast imaging with a laser-based hard x-ray source,” Rev. Sci. Instrum. 76(8), 083701 (2005).
[CrossRef]

2003

L. De Caro, C. Giannini, S. Di Fonzo, W. Jark, A. Cedola, and S. Lagomarsino, “Spatial coherence of x-ray planar waveguide exiting radiation,” Opt. Commun. 217(1-6), 31–45 (2003).
[CrossRef]

S. C. Mayo, T. J. Davis, T. E. Gureyev, P. R. Miller, D. Paganin, A. Pogany, A. W. Stevenson, and S. W. Wilkins, “X-ray phase-contrast microscopy and microtomography,” Opt. Express 11(19), 2289–2302 (2003).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

2002

A. Momose, “Phase-contrast X-ray imaging based on interferometry,” J. Synchrotron Radiat. 9(3), 136–142 (2002).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

C. David, B. Nöhammer, H. H. Solak, and E. Ziegler, “Differential x-ray phase contrast imaging using a shearing interferometer,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 81(17), 3287–3289 (2002).
[CrossRef]

S. C. Mayo, P. R. Miller, S. W. Wilkins, T. J. Davis, D. Gao, T. E. Gureyev, D. Paganin, D. J. Parry, A. Pogany, and A. W. Stevenson, “Quantitative X-ray projection microscopy: phase-contrast and multi-spectral imaging,” J. Microsc. 207(2), 79–96 (2002).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

F. Pfeiffer, C. David, M. Burghammer, C. Riekel, and T. Salditt, “Two-dimensional x-ray waveguides and point sources,” Science 297(5579), 230–234 (2002).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

2000

S. Di Fonzo, W. Jark, S. Lagomarsino, C. Giannini, L. De Caro, A. Cedola, and M. Müller, “Non-destructive determination of local strain with 100-nanometre spatial resolution,” Nature 403(6770), 638–640 (2000).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

1997

D. Chapman, W. Thomlinson, R. E. Johnston, D. Washburn, E. Pisano, N. Gmür, Z. Zhong, R. Menk, F. Arfelli, and D. Sayers, “Diffraction enhanced x-ray imaging,” Phys. Med. Biol. 42(11), 2015–2025 (1997).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

A. Pogany, D. Gao, and S. W. Wilkins, “Contrast and resolution in imaging with a microfocus x-ray source,” Rev. Sci. Instrum. 68(7), 2774–2782 (1997).
[CrossRef]

1996

S. Lagomarsino, W. Jark, S. Di Fonzo, A. Cedola, B. Mueller, P. Engstrom, and C. Riekel, “Sub-micro-meter X-ray beam production by a thin film wave-guide,” J. Appl. Phys. 79(8), 4471–4473 (1996).
[CrossRef]

W. Jark, S. Di Fonzo, S. Lagomarsino, A. Cedola, E. di Fabrizio, A. Bram, and C. Riekel, “Properties of a submicrometer x-ray beam at the exit of a waveguide,” J. Appl. Phys. 80(9), 4831–4836 (1996).
[CrossRef]

P. Cloetens, R. Barrett, J. Baruchel, J.-P. Guigay, and M. Schlenker, “Phase objects in synchrotron radiation hard x-ray imaging,” J. Phys. D Appl. Phys. 29(1), 133–146 (1996).
[CrossRef]

K. A. Nugent, T. E. Gureyev, D. J. Cookson, D. Paganin, and Z. Barnea, “Quantitative phase imaging using hard x-rays,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 77(14), 2961–2964 (1996).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

1965

U. Bonse and M. Hart, “An x-ray interferometer,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 6(8), 155–156 (1965).
[CrossRef]

Almaviva, S.

S. Almaviva, F. Bonfigli, I. Franzini, A. Lai, R. M. Montereali, D. Pelliccia, A. Cedola, and S. Lagomarsino, “Hard x-ray contact microscopy with 250 nm spatial resolution using a LiF film detector and a tabletop microsource,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 89(5), 054102 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Arfelli, F.

D. Chapman, W. Thomlinson, R. E. Johnston, D. Washburn, E. Pisano, N. Gmür, Z. Zhong, R. Menk, F. Arfelli, and D. Sayers, “Diffraction enhanced x-ray imaging,” Phys. Med. Biol. 42(11), 2015–2025 (1997).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Barnea, Z.

K. A. Nugent, T. E. Gureyev, D. J. Cookson, D. Paganin, and Z. Barnea, “Quantitative phase imaging using hard x-rays,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 77(14), 2961–2964 (1996).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Barrett, R.

P. Cloetens, R. Barrett, J. Baruchel, J.-P. Guigay, and M. Schlenker, “Phase objects in synchrotron radiation hard x-ray imaging,” J. Phys. D Appl. Phys. 29(1), 133–146 (1996).
[CrossRef]

Baruchel, J.

P. Cloetens, R. Barrett, J. Baruchel, J.-P. Guigay, and M. Schlenker, “Phase objects in synchrotron radiation hard x-ray imaging,” J. Phys. D Appl. Phys. 29(1), 133–146 (1996).
[CrossRef]

Bonfigli, F.

S. Almaviva, F. Bonfigli, I. Franzini, A. Lai, R. M. Montereali, D. Pelliccia, A. Cedola, and S. Lagomarsino, “Hard x-ray contact microscopy with 250 nm spatial resolution using a LiF film detector and a tabletop microsource,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 89(5), 054102 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Bonse, U.

U. Bonse and M. Hart, “An x-ray interferometer,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 6(8), 155–156 (1965).
[CrossRef]

Bram, A.

W. Jark, S. Di Fonzo, S. Lagomarsino, A. Cedola, E. di Fabrizio, A. Bram, and C. Riekel, “Properties of a submicrometer x-ray beam at the exit of a waveguide,” J. Appl. Phys. 80(9), 4831–4836 (1996).
[CrossRef]

Bukreeva, I.

I. Bukreeva, D. Pelliccia, A. Cedola, F. Scarinci, M. Ilie, C. Giannini, L. De Caro, and S. Lagomarsino, “Analysis of tapered front-coupling X-ray waveguides,” J. Synchrotron Radiat. 17(1), 61–68 (2010).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

L. De Caro, A. Cedola, C. Giannini, I. Bukreeva, and S. Lagomarsino, “In-line phase-contrast imaging for strong absorbing objects,” Phys. Med. Biol. 53(22), 6619–6637 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

D. Pelliccia, I. Bukreeva, M. Ilie, W. Jark, A. Cedola, F. Scarinci, and S. Lagomarsino, “Computer simulations and experimental results on air-gap X-ray waveguides,” Spectrochim. Acta, B At. Spectrosc. 62(6-7), 615–621 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Bulanov, S. V.

Burghammer, M.

F. Pfeiffer, C. David, M. Burghammer, C. Riekel, and T. Salditt, “Two-dimensional x-ray waveguides and point sources,” Science 297(5579), 230–234 (2002).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Burkeeva, I.

L. De Caro, C. Giannini, D. Pelliccia, C. Mocuta, T. H. Metzger, A. Guagliardi, A. Cedola, I. Burkeeva, and S. Lagomarsino, “In-line holography and coherent diffractive imaging with x-ray waveguides,” Phys. Rev. B 77(8), 081408 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Cedola, A.

I. Bukreeva, D. Pelliccia, A. Cedola, F. Scarinci, M. Ilie, C. Giannini, L. De Caro, and S. Lagomarsino, “Analysis of tapered front-coupling X-ray waveguides,” J. Synchrotron Radiat. 17(1), 61–68 (2010).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

L. De Caro, C. Giannini, D. Pelliccia, C. Mocuta, T. H. Metzger, A. Guagliardi, A. Cedola, I. Burkeeva, and S. Lagomarsino, “In-line holography and coherent diffractive imaging with x-ray waveguides,” Phys. Rev. B 77(8), 081408 (2008).
[CrossRef]

L. De Caro, A. Cedola, C. Giannini, I. Bukreeva, and S. Lagomarsino, “In-line phase-contrast imaging for strong absorbing objects,” Phys. Med. Biol. 53(22), 6619–6637 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

D. Pelliccia, I. Bukreeva, M. Ilie, W. Jark, A. Cedola, F. Scarinci, and S. Lagomarsino, “Computer simulations and experimental results on air-gap X-ray waveguides,” Spectrochim. Acta, B At. Spectrosc. 62(6-7), 615–621 (2007).
[CrossRef]

S. Almaviva, F. Bonfigli, I. Franzini, A. Lai, R. M. Montereali, D. Pelliccia, A. Cedola, and S. Lagomarsino, “Hard x-ray contact microscopy with 250 nm spatial resolution using a LiF film detector and a tabletop microsource,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 89(5), 054102 (2006).
[CrossRef]

L. De Caro, C. Giannini, S. Di Fonzo, W. Jark, A. Cedola, and S. Lagomarsino, “Spatial coherence of x-ray planar waveguide exiting radiation,” Opt. Commun. 217(1-6), 31–45 (2003).
[CrossRef]

S. Di Fonzo, W. Jark, S. Lagomarsino, C. Giannini, L. De Caro, A. Cedola, and M. Müller, “Non-destructive determination of local strain with 100-nanometre spatial resolution,” Nature 403(6770), 638–640 (2000).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

W. Jark, S. Di Fonzo, S. Lagomarsino, A. Cedola, E. di Fabrizio, A. Bram, and C. Riekel, “Properties of a submicrometer x-ray beam at the exit of a waveguide,” J. Appl. Phys. 80(9), 4831–4836 (1996).
[CrossRef]

S. Lagomarsino, W. Jark, S. Di Fonzo, A. Cedola, B. Mueller, P. Engstrom, and C. Riekel, “Sub-micro-meter X-ray beam production by a thin film wave-guide,” J. Appl. Phys. 79(8), 4471–4473 (1996).
[CrossRef]

Chapman, D.

D. Chapman, W. Thomlinson, R. E. Johnston, D. Washburn, E. Pisano, N. Gmür, Z. Zhong, R. Menk, F. Arfelli, and D. Sayers, “Diffraction enhanced x-ray imaging,” Phys. Med. Biol. 42(11), 2015–2025 (1997).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Cloetens, P.

P. Cloetens, R. Barrett, J. Baruchel, J.-P. Guigay, and M. Schlenker, “Phase objects in synchrotron radiation hard x-ray imaging,” J. Phys. D Appl. Phys. 29(1), 133–146 (1996).
[CrossRef]

Cookson, D. J.

K. A. Nugent, T. E. Gureyev, D. J. Cookson, D. Paganin, and Z. Barnea, “Quantitative phase imaging using hard x-rays,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 77(14), 2961–2964 (1996).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Daido, H.

David, C.

F. Pfeiffer, C. David, M. Burghammer, C. Riekel, and T. Salditt, “Two-dimensional x-ray waveguides and point sources,” Science 297(5579), 230–234 (2002).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

C. David, B. Nöhammer, H. H. Solak, and E. Ziegler, “Differential x-ray phase contrast imaging using a shearing interferometer,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 81(17), 3287–3289 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Davis, T. J.

S. C. Mayo, T. J. Davis, T. E. Gureyev, P. R. Miller, D. Paganin, A. Pogany, A. W. Stevenson, and S. W. Wilkins, “X-ray phase-contrast microscopy and microtomography,” Opt. Express 11(19), 2289–2302 (2003).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

S. C. Mayo, P. R. Miller, S. W. Wilkins, T. J. Davis, D. Gao, T. E. Gureyev, D. Paganin, D. J. Parry, A. Pogany, and A. W. Stevenson, “Quantitative X-ray projection microscopy: phase-contrast and multi-spectral imaging,” J. Microsc. 207(2), 79–96 (2002).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

De Caro, L.

I. Bukreeva, D. Pelliccia, A. Cedola, F. Scarinci, M. Ilie, C. Giannini, L. De Caro, and S. Lagomarsino, “Analysis of tapered front-coupling X-ray waveguides,” J. Synchrotron Radiat. 17(1), 61–68 (2010).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

L. De Caro, C. Giannini, D. Pelliccia, C. Mocuta, T. H. Metzger, A. Guagliardi, A. Cedola, I. Burkeeva, and S. Lagomarsino, “In-line holography and coherent diffractive imaging with x-ray waveguides,” Phys. Rev. B 77(8), 081408 (2008).
[CrossRef]

L. De Caro, A. Cedola, C. Giannini, I. Bukreeva, and S. Lagomarsino, “In-line phase-contrast imaging for strong absorbing objects,” Phys. Med. Biol. 53(22), 6619–6637 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

L. De Caro, C. Giannini, S. Di Fonzo, W. Jark, A. Cedola, and S. Lagomarsino, “Spatial coherence of x-ray planar waveguide exiting radiation,” Opt. Commun. 217(1-6), 31–45 (2003).
[CrossRef]

S. Di Fonzo, W. Jark, S. Lagomarsino, C. Giannini, L. De Caro, A. Cedola, and M. Müller, “Non-destructive determination of local strain with 100-nanometre spatial resolution,” Nature 403(6770), 638–640 (2000).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

di Fabrizio, E.

W. Jark, S. Di Fonzo, S. Lagomarsino, A. Cedola, E. di Fabrizio, A. Bram, and C. Riekel, “Properties of a submicrometer x-ray beam at the exit of a waveguide,” J. Appl. Phys. 80(9), 4831–4836 (1996).
[CrossRef]

Di Fonzo, S.

L. De Caro, C. Giannini, S. Di Fonzo, W. Jark, A. Cedola, and S. Lagomarsino, “Spatial coherence of x-ray planar waveguide exiting radiation,” Opt. Commun. 217(1-6), 31–45 (2003).
[CrossRef]

S. Di Fonzo, W. Jark, S. Lagomarsino, C. Giannini, L. De Caro, A. Cedola, and M. Müller, “Non-destructive determination of local strain with 100-nanometre spatial resolution,” Nature 403(6770), 638–640 (2000).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

W. Jark, S. Di Fonzo, S. Lagomarsino, A. Cedola, E. di Fabrizio, A. Bram, and C. Riekel, “Properties of a submicrometer x-ray beam at the exit of a waveguide,” J. Appl. Phys. 80(9), 4831–4836 (1996).
[CrossRef]

S. Lagomarsino, W. Jark, S. Di Fonzo, A. Cedola, B. Mueller, P. Engstrom, and C. Riekel, “Sub-micro-meter X-ray beam production by a thin film wave-guide,” J. Appl. Phys. 79(8), 4471–4473 (1996).
[CrossRef]

Engstrom, P.

S. Lagomarsino, W. Jark, S. Di Fonzo, A. Cedola, B. Mueller, P. Engstrom, and C. Riekel, “Sub-micro-meter X-ray beam production by a thin film wave-guide,” J. Appl. Phys. 79(8), 4471–4473 (1996).
[CrossRef]

Faenov, A. Ya.

Fourmaux, S.

R. Toth, J. C. Kieffer, S. Fourmaux, T. Ozaki, and A. Krol, “In-line phase-contrast imaging with a laser-based hard x-ray source,” Rev. Sci. Instrum. 76(8), 083701 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Franzini, I.

S. Almaviva, F. Bonfigli, I. Franzini, A. Lai, R. M. Montereali, D. Pelliccia, A. Cedola, and S. Lagomarsino, “Hard x-ray contact microscopy with 250 nm spatial resolution using a LiF film detector and a tabletop microsource,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 89(5), 054102 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Fukuda, Y.

Gao, D.

S. C. Mayo, P. R. Miller, S. W. Wilkins, T. J. Davis, D. Gao, T. E. Gureyev, D. Paganin, D. J. Parry, A. Pogany, and A. W. Stevenson, “Quantitative X-ray projection microscopy: phase-contrast and multi-spectral imaging,” J. Microsc. 207(2), 79–96 (2002).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

A. Pogany, D. Gao, and S. W. Wilkins, “Contrast and resolution in imaging with a microfocus x-ray source,” Rev. Sci. Instrum. 68(7), 2774–2782 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Gasilov, S. V.

Giannini, C.

I. Bukreeva, D. Pelliccia, A. Cedola, F. Scarinci, M. Ilie, C. Giannini, L. De Caro, and S. Lagomarsino, “Analysis of tapered front-coupling X-ray waveguides,” J. Synchrotron Radiat. 17(1), 61–68 (2010).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

L. De Caro, C. Giannini, D. Pelliccia, C. Mocuta, T. H. Metzger, A. Guagliardi, A. Cedola, I. Burkeeva, and S. Lagomarsino, “In-line holography and coherent diffractive imaging with x-ray waveguides,” Phys. Rev. B 77(8), 081408 (2008).
[CrossRef]

L. De Caro, A. Cedola, C. Giannini, I. Bukreeva, and S. Lagomarsino, “In-line phase-contrast imaging for strong absorbing objects,” Phys. Med. Biol. 53(22), 6619–6637 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

L. De Caro, C. Giannini, S. Di Fonzo, W. Jark, A. Cedola, and S. Lagomarsino, “Spatial coherence of x-ray planar waveguide exiting radiation,” Opt. Commun. 217(1-6), 31–45 (2003).
[CrossRef]

S. Di Fonzo, W. Jark, S. Lagomarsino, C. Giannini, L. De Caro, A. Cedola, and M. Müller, “Non-destructive determination of local strain with 100-nanometre spatial resolution,” Nature 403(6770), 638–640 (2000).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Gmür, N.

D. Chapman, W. Thomlinson, R. E. Johnston, D. Washburn, E. Pisano, N. Gmür, Z. Zhong, R. Menk, F. Arfelli, and D. Sayers, “Diffraction enhanced x-ray imaging,” Phys. Med. Biol. 42(11), 2015–2025 (1997).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Guagliardi, A.

L. De Caro, C. Giannini, D. Pelliccia, C. Mocuta, T. H. Metzger, A. Guagliardi, A. Cedola, I. Burkeeva, and S. Lagomarsino, “In-line holography and coherent diffractive imaging with x-ray waveguides,” Phys. Rev. B 77(8), 081408 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Guigay, J.-P.

P. Cloetens, R. Barrett, J. Baruchel, J.-P. Guigay, and M. Schlenker, “Phase objects in synchrotron radiation hard x-ray imaging,” J. Phys. D Appl. Phys. 29(1), 133–146 (1996).
[CrossRef]

Gureyev, T. E.

S. C. Mayo, T. J. Davis, T. E. Gureyev, P. R. Miller, D. Paganin, A. Pogany, A. W. Stevenson, and S. W. Wilkins, “X-ray phase-contrast microscopy and microtomography,” Opt. Express 11(19), 2289–2302 (2003).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

S. C. Mayo, P. R. Miller, S. W. Wilkins, T. J. Davis, D. Gao, T. E. Gureyev, D. Paganin, D. J. Parry, A. Pogany, and A. W. Stevenson, “Quantitative X-ray projection microscopy: phase-contrast and multi-spectral imaging,” J. Microsc. 207(2), 79–96 (2002).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

K. A. Nugent, T. E. Gureyev, D. J. Cookson, D. Paganin, and Z. Barnea, “Quantitative phase imaging using hard x-rays,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 77(14), 2961–2964 (1996).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Hart, M.

U. Bonse and M. Hart, “An x-ray interferometer,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 6(8), 155–156 (1965).
[CrossRef]

Ilie, M.

I. Bukreeva, D. Pelliccia, A. Cedola, F. Scarinci, M. Ilie, C. Giannini, L. De Caro, and S. Lagomarsino, “Analysis of tapered front-coupling X-ray waveguides,” J. Synchrotron Radiat. 17(1), 61–68 (2010).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

D. Pelliccia, I. Bukreeva, M. Ilie, W. Jark, A. Cedola, F. Scarinci, and S. Lagomarsino, “Computer simulations and experimental results on air-gap X-ray waveguides,” Spectrochim. Acta, B At. Spectrosc. 62(6-7), 615–621 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Jark, W.

D. Pelliccia, I. Bukreeva, M. Ilie, W. Jark, A. Cedola, F. Scarinci, and S. Lagomarsino, “Computer simulations and experimental results on air-gap X-ray waveguides,” Spectrochim. Acta, B At. Spectrosc. 62(6-7), 615–621 (2007).
[CrossRef]

L. De Caro, C. Giannini, S. Di Fonzo, W. Jark, A. Cedola, and S. Lagomarsino, “Spatial coherence of x-ray planar waveguide exiting radiation,” Opt. Commun. 217(1-6), 31–45 (2003).
[CrossRef]

S. Di Fonzo, W. Jark, S. Lagomarsino, C. Giannini, L. De Caro, A. Cedola, and M. Müller, “Non-destructive determination of local strain with 100-nanometre spatial resolution,” Nature 403(6770), 638–640 (2000).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

W. Jark, S. Di Fonzo, S. Lagomarsino, A. Cedola, E. di Fabrizio, A. Bram, and C. Riekel, “Properties of a submicrometer x-ray beam at the exit of a waveguide,” J. Appl. Phys. 80(9), 4831–4836 (1996).
[CrossRef]

S. Lagomarsino, W. Jark, S. Di Fonzo, A. Cedola, B. Mueller, P. Engstrom, and C. Riekel, “Sub-micro-meter X-ray beam production by a thin film wave-guide,” J. Appl. Phys. 79(8), 4471–4473 (1996).
[CrossRef]

Johnston, R. E.

D. Chapman, W. Thomlinson, R. E. Johnston, D. Washburn, E. Pisano, N. Gmür, Z. Zhong, R. Menk, F. Arfelli, and D. Sayers, “Diffraction enhanced x-ray imaging,” Phys. Med. Biol. 42(11), 2015–2025 (1997).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Kando, M.

Kato, Y.

Kawachi, T.

Kieffer, J. C.

R. Toth, J. C. Kieffer, S. Fourmaux, T. Ozaki, and A. Krol, “In-line phase-contrast imaging with a laser-based hard x-ray source,” Rev. Sci. Instrum. 76(8), 083701 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Krol, A.

R. Toth, J. C. Kieffer, S. Fourmaux, T. Ozaki, and A. Krol, “In-line phase-contrast imaging with a laser-based hard x-ray source,” Rev. Sci. Instrum. 76(8), 083701 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Lagomarsino, S.

I. Bukreeva, D. Pelliccia, A. Cedola, F. Scarinci, M. Ilie, C. Giannini, L. De Caro, and S. Lagomarsino, “Analysis of tapered front-coupling X-ray waveguides,” J. Synchrotron Radiat. 17(1), 61–68 (2010).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

L. De Caro, C. Giannini, D. Pelliccia, C. Mocuta, T. H. Metzger, A. Guagliardi, A. Cedola, I. Burkeeva, and S. Lagomarsino, “In-line holography and coherent diffractive imaging with x-ray waveguides,” Phys. Rev. B 77(8), 081408 (2008).
[CrossRef]

L. De Caro, A. Cedola, C. Giannini, I. Bukreeva, and S. Lagomarsino, “In-line phase-contrast imaging for strong absorbing objects,” Phys. Med. Biol. 53(22), 6619–6637 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

D. Pelliccia, I. Bukreeva, M. Ilie, W. Jark, A. Cedola, F. Scarinci, and S. Lagomarsino, “Computer simulations and experimental results on air-gap X-ray waveguides,” Spectrochim. Acta, B At. Spectrosc. 62(6-7), 615–621 (2007).
[CrossRef]

S. Almaviva, F. Bonfigli, I. Franzini, A. Lai, R. M. Montereali, D. Pelliccia, A. Cedola, and S. Lagomarsino, “Hard x-ray contact microscopy with 250 nm spatial resolution using a LiF film detector and a tabletop microsource,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 89(5), 054102 (2006).
[CrossRef]

L. De Caro, C. Giannini, S. Di Fonzo, W. Jark, A. Cedola, and S. Lagomarsino, “Spatial coherence of x-ray planar waveguide exiting radiation,” Opt. Commun. 217(1-6), 31–45 (2003).
[CrossRef]

S. Di Fonzo, W. Jark, S. Lagomarsino, C. Giannini, L. De Caro, A. Cedola, and M. Müller, “Non-destructive determination of local strain with 100-nanometre spatial resolution,” Nature 403(6770), 638–640 (2000).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

W. Jark, S. Di Fonzo, S. Lagomarsino, A. Cedola, E. di Fabrizio, A. Bram, and C. Riekel, “Properties of a submicrometer x-ray beam at the exit of a waveguide,” J. Appl. Phys. 80(9), 4831–4836 (1996).
[CrossRef]

S. Lagomarsino, W. Jark, S. Di Fonzo, A. Cedola, B. Mueller, P. Engstrom, and C. Riekel, “Sub-micro-meter X-ray beam production by a thin film wave-guide,” J. Appl. Phys. 79(8), 4471–4473 (1996).
[CrossRef]

Lai, A.

S. Almaviva, F. Bonfigli, I. Franzini, A. Lai, R. M. Montereali, D. Pelliccia, A. Cedola, and S. Lagomarsino, “Hard x-ray contact microscopy with 250 nm spatial resolution using a LiF film detector and a tabletop microsource,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 89(5), 054102 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Mayo, S. C.

S. C. Mayo, T. J. Davis, T. E. Gureyev, P. R. Miller, D. Paganin, A. Pogany, A. W. Stevenson, and S. W. Wilkins, “X-ray phase-contrast microscopy and microtomography,” Opt. Express 11(19), 2289–2302 (2003).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

S. C. Mayo, P. R. Miller, S. W. Wilkins, T. J. Davis, D. Gao, T. E. Gureyev, D. Paganin, D. J. Parry, A. Pogany, and A. W. Stevenson, “Quantitative X-ray projection microscopy: phase-contrast and multi-spectral imaging,” J. Microsc. 207(2), 79–96 (2002).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Menk, R.

D. Chapman, W. Thomlinson, R. E. Johnston, D. Washburn, E. Pisano, N. Gmür, Z. Zhong, R. Menk, F. Arfelli, and D. Sayers, “Diffraction enhanced x-ray imaging,” Phys. Med. Biol. 42(11), 2015–2025 (1997).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Metzger, T. H.

L. De Caro, C. Giannini, D. Pelliccia, C. Mocuta, T. H. Metzger, A. Guagliardi, A. Cedola, I. Burkeeva, and S. Lagomarsino, “In-line holography and coherent diffractive imaging with x-ray waveguides,” Phys. Rev. B 77(8), 081408 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Miller, P. R.

S. C. Mayo, T. J. Davis, T. E. Gureyev, P. R. Miller, D. Paganin, A. Pogany, A. W. Stevenson, and S. W. Wilkins, “X-ray phase-contrast microscopy and microtomography,” Opt. Express 11(19), 2289–2302 (2003).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

S. C. Mayo, P. R. Miller, S. W. Wilkins, T. J. Davis, D. Gao, T. E. Gureyev, D. Paganin, D. J. Parry, A. Pogany, and A. W. Stevenson, “Quantitative X-ray projection microscopy: phase-contrast and multi-spectral imaging,” J. Microsc. 207(2), 79–96 (2002).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Mocuta, C.

L. De Caro, C. Giannini, D. Pelliccia, C. Mocuta, T. H. Metzger, A. Guagliardi, A. Cedola, I. Burkeeva, and S. Lagomarsino, “In-line holography and coherent diffractive imaging with x-ray waveguides,” Phys. Rev. B 77(8), 081408 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Momose, A.

A. Momose, “Phase-contrast X-ray imaging based on interferometry,” J. Synchrotron Radiat. 9(3), 136–142 (2002).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Montereali, R. M.

S. Almaviva, F. Bonfigli, I. Franzini, A. Lai, R. M. Montereali, D. Pelliccia, A. Cedola, and S. Lagomarsino, “Hard x-ray contact microscopy with 250 nm spatial resolution using a LiF film detector and a tabletop microsource,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 89(5), 054102 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Mueller, B.

S. Lagomarsino, W. Jark, S. Di Fonzo, A. Cedola, B. Mueller, P. Engstrom, and C. Riekel, “Sub-micro-meter X-ray beam production by a thin film wave-guide,” J. Appl. Phys. 79(8), 4471–4473 (1996).
[CrossRef]

Müller, M.

S. Di Fonzo, W. Jark, S. Lagomarsino, C. Giannini, L. De Caro, A. Cedola, and M. Müller, “Non-destructive determination of local strain with 100-nanometre spatial resolution,” Nature 403(6770), 638–640 (2000).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Nöhammer, B.

C. David, B. Nöhammer, H. H. Solak, and E. Ziegler, “Differential x-ray phase contrast imaging using a shearing interferometer,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 81(17), 3287–3289 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Nugent, K. A.

K. A. Nugent, T. E. Gureyev, D. J. Cookson, D. Paganin, and Z. Barnea, “Quantitative phase imaging using hard x-rays,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 77(14), 2961–2964 (1996).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Ozaki, T.

R. Toth, J. C. Kieffer, S. Fourmaux, T. Ozaki, and A. Krol, “In-line phase-contrast imaging with a laser-based hard x-ray source,” Rev. Sci. Instrum. 76(8), 083701 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Paganin, D.

S. C. Mayo, T. J. Davis, T. E. Gureyev, P. R. Miller, D. Paganin, A. Pogany, A. W. Stevenson, and S. W. Wilkins, “X-ray phase-contrast microscopy and microtomography,” Opt. Express 11(19), 2289–2302 (2003).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

S. C. Mayo, P. R. Miller, S. W. Wilkins, T. J. Davis, D. Gao, T. E. Gureyev, D. Paganin, D. J. Parry, A. Pogany, and A. W. Stevenson, “Quantitative X-ray projection microscopy: phase-contrast and multi-spectral imaging,” J. Microsc. 207(2), 79–96 (2002).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

K. A. Nugent, T. E. Gureyev, D. J. Cookson, D. Paganin, and Z. Barnea, “Quantitative phase imaging using hard x-rays,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 77(14), 2961–2964 (1996).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Parry, D. J.

S. C. Mayo, P. R. Miller, S. W. Wilkins, T. J. Davis, D. Gao, T. E. Gureyev, D. Paganin, D. J. Parry, A. Pogany, and A. W. Stevenson, “Quantitative X-ray projection microscopy: phase-contrast and multi-spectral imaging,” J. Microsc. 207(2), 79–96 (2002).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Pelliccia, D.

I. Bukreeva, D. Pelliccia, A. Cedola, F. Scarinci, M. Ilie, C. Giannini, L. De Caro, and S. Lagomarsino, “Analysis of tapered front-coupling X-ray waveguides,” J. Synchrotron Radiat. 17(1), 61–68 (2010).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

L. De Caro, C. Giannini, D. Pelliccia, C. Mocuta, T. H. Metzger, A. Guagliardi, A. Cedola, I. Burkeeva, and S. Lagomarsino, “In-line holography and coherent diffractive imaging with x-ray waveguides,” Phys. Rev. B 77(8), 081408 (2008).
[CrossRef]

D. Pelliccia, I. Bukreeva, M. Ilie, W. Jark, A. Cedola, F. Scarinci, and S. Lagomarsino, “Computer simulations and experimental results on air-gap X-ray waveguides,” Spectrochim. Acta, B At. Spectrosc. 62(6-7), 615–621 (2007).
[CrossRef]

S. Almaviva, F. Bonfigli, I. Franzini, A. Lai, R. M. Montereali, D. Pelliccia, A. Cedola, and S. Lagomarsino, “Hard x-ray contact microscopy with 250 nm spatial resolution using a LiF film detector and a tabletop microsource,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 89(5), 054102 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Pfeiffer, F.

F. Pfeiffer, C. David, M. Burghammer, C. Riekel, and T. Salditt, “Two-dimensional x-ray waveguides and point sources,” Science 297(5579), 230–234 (2002).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Pikuz, T. A.

Pisano, E.

D. Chapman, W. Thomlinson, R. E. Johnston, D. Washburn, E. Pisano, N. Gmür, Z. Zhong, R. Menk, F. Arfelli, and D. Sayers, “Diffraction enhanced x-ray imaging,” Phys. Med. Biol. 42(11), 2015–2025 (1997).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Pogany, A.

S. C. Mayo, T. J. Davis, T. E. Gureyev, P. R. Miller, D. Paganin, A. Pogany, A. W. Stevenson, and S. W. Wilkins, “X-ray phase-contrast microscopy and microtomography,” Opt. Express 11(19), 2289–2302 (2003).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

S. C. Mayo, P. R. Miller, S. W. Wilkins, T. J. Davis, D. Gao, T. E. Gureyev, D. Paganin, D. J. Parry, A. Pogany, and A. W. Stevenson, “Quantitative X-ray projection microscopy: phase-contrast and multi-spectral imaging,” J. Microsc. 207(2), 79–96 (2002).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

A. Pogany, D. Gao, and S. W. Wilkins, “Contrast and resolution in imaging with a microfocus x-ray source,” Rev. Sci. Instrum. 68(7), 2774–2782 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Riekel, C.

F. Pfeiffer, C. David, M. Burghammer, C. Riekel, and T. Salditt, “Two-dimensional x-ray waveguides and point sources,” Science 297(5579), 230–234 (2002).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

W. Jark, S. Di Fonzo, S. Lagomarsino, A. Cedola, E. di Fabrizio, A. Bram, and C. Riekel, “Properties of a submicrometer x-ray beam at the exit of a waveguide,” J. Appl. Phys. 80(9), 4831–4836 (1996).
[CrossRef]

S. Lagomarsino, W. Jark, S. Di Fonzo, A. Cedola, B. Mueller, P. Engstrom, and C. Riekel, “Sub-micro-meter X-ray beam production by a thin film wave-guide,” J. Appl. Phys. 79(8), 4471–4473 (1996).
[CrossRef]

Salditt, T.

F. Pfeiffer, C. David, M. Burghammer, C. Riekel, and T. Salditt, “Two-dimensional x-ray waveguides and point sources,” Science 297(5579), 230–234 (2002).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Sayers, D.

D. Chapman, W. Thomlinson, R. E. Johnston, D. Washburn, E. Pisano, N. Gmür, Z. Zhong, R. Menk, F. Arfelli, and D. Sayers, “Diffraction enhanced x-ray imaging,” Phys. Med. Biol. 42(11), 2015–2025 (1997).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Scarinci, F.

I. Bukreeva, D. Pelliccia, A. Cedola, F. Scarinci, M. Ilie, C. Giannini, L. De Caro, and S. Lagomarsino, “Analysis of tapered front-coupling X-ray waveguides,” J. Synchrotron Radiat. 17(1), 61–68 (2010).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

D. Pelliccia, I. Bukreeva, M. Ilie, W. Jark, A. Cedola, F. Scarinci, and S. Lagomarsino, “Computer simulations and experimental results on air-gap X-ray waveguides,” Spectrochim. Acta, B At. Spectrosc. 62(6-7), 615–621 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Schlenker, M.

P. Cloetens, R. Barrett, J. Baruchel, J.-P. Guigay, and M. Schlenker, “Phase objects in synchrotron radiation hard x-ray imaging,” J. Phys. D Appl. Phys. 29(1), 133–146 (1996).
[CrossRef]

Skobelev, I. Yu.

Solak, H. H.

C. David, B. Nöhammer, H. H. Solak, and E. Ziegler, “Differential x-ray phase contrast imaging using a shearing interferometer,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 81(17), 3287–3289 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Stevenson, A. W.

S. C. Mayo, T. J. Davis, T. E. Gureyev, P. R. Miller, D. Paganin, A. Pogany, A. W. Stevenson, and S. W. Wilkins, “X-ray phase-contrast microscopy and microtomography,” Opt. Express 11(19), 2289–2302 (2003).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

S. C. Mayo, P. R. Miller, S. W. Wilkins, T. J. Davis, D. Gao, T. E. Gureyev, D. Paganin, D. J. Parry, A. Pogany, and A. W. Stevenson, “Quantitative X-ray projection microscopy: phase-contrast and multi-spectral imaging,” J. Microsc. 207(2), 79–96 (2002).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Thomlinson, W.

D. Chapman, W. Thomlinson, R. E. Johnston, D. Washburn, E. Pisano, N. Gmür, Z. Zhong, R. Menk, F. Arfelli, and D. Sayers, “Diffraction enhanced x-ray imaging,” Phys. Med. Biol. 42(11), 2015–2025 (1997).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Toth, R.

R. Toth, J. C. Kieffer, S. Fourmaux, T. Ozaki, and A. Krol, “In-line phase-contrast imaging with a laser-based hard x-ray source,” Rev. Sci. Instrum. 76(8), 083701 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Washburn, D.

D. Chapman, W. Thomlinson, R. E. Johnston, D. Washburn, E. Pisano, N. Gmür, Z. Zhong, R. Menk, F. Arfelli, and D. Sayers, “Diffraction enhanced x-ray imaging,” Phys. Med. Biol. 42(11), 2015–2025 (1997).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Wilkins, S. W.

S. C. Mayo, T. J. Davis, T. E. Gureyev, P. R. Miller, D. Paganin, A. Pogany, A. W. Stevenson, and S. W. Wilkins, “X-ray phase-contrast microscopy and microtomography,” Opt. Express 11(19), 2289–2302 (2003).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

S. C. Mayo, P. R. Miller, S. W. Wilkins, T. J. Davis, D. Gao, T. E. Gureyev, D. Paganin, D. J. Parry, A. Pogany, and A. W. Stevenson, “Quantitative X-ray projection microscopy: phase-contrast and multi-spectral imaging,” J. Microsc. 207(2), 79–96 (2002).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

A. Pogany, D. Gao, and S. W. Wilkins, “Contrast and resolution in imaging with a microfocus x-ray source,” Rev. Sci. Instrum. 68(7), 2774–2782 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Zhong, Z.

D. Chapman, W. Thomlinson, R. E. Johnston, D. Washburn, E. Pisano, N. Gmür, Z. Zhong, R. Menk, F. Arfelli, and D. Sayers, “Diffraction enhanced x-ray imaging,” Phys. Med. Biol. 42(11), 2015–2025 (1997).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Ziegler, E.

C. David, B. Nöhammer, H. H. Solak, and E. Ziegler, “Differential x-ray phase contrast imaging using a shearing interferometer,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 81(17), 3287–3289 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Appl. Phys. Lett.

U. Bonse and M. Hart, “An x-ray interferometer,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 6(8), 155–156 (1965).
[CrossRef]

C. David, B. Nöhammer, H. H. Solak, and E. Ziegler, “Differential x-ray phase contrast imaging using a shearing interferometer,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 81(17), 3287–3289 (2002).
[CrossRef]

S. Almaviva, F. Bonfigli, I. Franzini, A. Lai, R. M. Montereali, D. Pelliccia, A. Cedola, and S. Lagomarsino, “Hard x-ray contact microscopy with 250 nm spatial resolution using a LiF film detector and a tabletop microsource,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 89(5), 054102 (2006).
[CrossRef]

J. Appl. Phys.

S. Lagomarsino, W. Jark, S. Di Fonzo, A. Cedola, B. Mueller, P. Engstrom, and C. Riekel, “Sub-micro-meter X-ray beam production by a thin film wave-guide,” J. Appl. Phys. 79(8), 4471–4473 (1996).
[CrossRef]

W. Jark, S. Di Fonzo, S. Lagomarsino, A. Cedola, E. di Fabrizio, A. Bram, and C. Riekel, “Properties of a submicrometer x-ray beam at the exit of a waveguide,” J. Appl. Phys. 80(9), 4831–4836 (1996).
[CrossRef]

J. Microsc.

S. C. Mayo, P. R. Miller, S. W. Wilkins, T. J. Davis, D. Gao, T. E. Gureyev, D. Paganin, D. J. Parry, A. Pogany, and A. W. Stevenson, “Quantitative X-ray projection microscopy: phase-contrast and multi-spectral imaging,” J. Microsc. 207(2), 79–96 (2002).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

J. Phys. D Appl. Phys.

P. Cloetens, R. Barrett, J. Baruchel, J.-P. Guigay, and M. Schlenker, “Phase objects in synchrotron radiation hard x-ray imaging,” J. Phys. D Appl. Phys. 29(1), 133–146 (1996).
[CrossRef]

J. Synchrotron Radiat.

A. Momose, “Phase-contrast X-ray imaging based on interferometry,” J. Synchrotron Radiat. 9(3), 136–142 (2002).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

I. Bukreeva, D. Pelliccia, A. Cedola, F. Scarinci, M. Ilie, C. Giannini, L. De Caro, and S. Lagomarsino, “Analysis of tapered front-coupling X-ray waveguides,” J. Synchrotron Radiat. 17(1), 61–68 (2010).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Nature

S. Di Fonzo, W. Jark, S. Lagomarsino, C. Giannini, L. De Caro, A. Cedola, and M. Müller, “Non-destructive determination of local strain with 100-nanometre spatial resolution,” Nature 403(6770), 638–640 (2000).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Opt. Commun.

L. De Caro, C. Giannini, S. Di Fonzo, W. Jark, A. Cedola, and S. Lagomarsino, “Spatial coherence of x-ray planar waveguide exiting radiation,” Opt. Commun. 217(1-6), 31–45 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Opt. Express

Opt. Lett.

Phys. Med. Biol.

L. De Caro, A. Cedola, C. Giannini, I. Bukreeva, and S. Lagomarsino, “In-line phase-contrast imaging for strong absorbing objects,” Phys. Med. Biol. 53(22), 6619–6637 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

D. Chapman, W. Thomlinson, R. E. Johnston, D. Washburn, E. Pisano, N. Gmür, Z. Zhong, R. Menk, F. Arfelli, and D. Sayers, “Diffraction enhanced x-ray imaging,” Phys. Med. Biol. 42(11), 2015–2025 (1997).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Phys. Rev. B

L. De Caro, C. Giannini, D. Pelliccia, C. Mocuta, T. H. Metzger, A. Guagliardi, A. Cedola, I. Burkeeva, and S. Lagomarsino, “In-line holography and coherent diffractive imaging with x-ray waveguides,” Phys. Rev. B 77(8), 081408 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Phys. Rev. Lett.

K. A. Nugent, T. E. Gureyev, D. J. Cookson, D. Paganin, and Z. Barnea, “Quantitative phase imaging using hard x-rays,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 77(14), 2961–2964 (1996).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Rev. Sci. Instrum.

A. Pogany, D. Gao, and S. W. Wilkins, “Contrast and resolution in imaging with a microfocus x-ray source,” Rev. Sci. Instrum. 68(7), 2774–2782 (1997).
[CrossRef]

R. Toth, J. C. Kieffer, S. Fourmaux, T. Ozaki, and A. Krol, “In-line phase-contrast imaging with a laser-based hard x-ray source,” Rev. Sci. Instrum. 76(8), 083701 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Science

F. Pfeiffer, C. David, M. Burghammer, C. Riekel, and T. Salditt, “Two-dimensional x-ray waveguides and point sources,” Science 297(5579), 230–234 (2002).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Spectrochim. Acta, B At. Spectrosc.

D. Pelliccia, I. Bukreeva, M. Ilie, W. Jark, A. Cedola, F. Scarinci, and S. Lagomarsino, “Computer simulations and experimental results on air-gap X-ray waveguides,” Spectrochim. Acta, B At. Spectrosc. 62(6-7), 615–621 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Other

M. Born, and E. Wolf, Principles of Optics (Pergamon Press, Oxford, 1986).

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