Abstract

We proposed and demonstrated an all-fiber laser to generate cylindrical vector beam. A pair of fiber-based collimators was used to select the cylindrical vector beam operating. The radially and azimuthally polarized modes can be switchable just by applying pressure to a section of fiber in our fiber laser system. A 70 cm long Yb-doped fiber was used as gain medium and the lasing wavelength was around 1030 nm.

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  1. K. S. Youngworth and T. G. Brown, “Focusing of high numerical aperture cylindrical vector beams,” Opt. Express 7(2), 77–87 (2000).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
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    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  3. D. P. Rhodes, G. P. T. Lancaster, J. Livesey, D. McGloin, J. Arlt, and K. Dholakia, “Guiding a cold atomic beam along a co-propagating and oblique hollow light guide,” Opt. Commun. 214(1-6), 247–254 (2002).
    [CrossRef]
  4. S. M. Iftiquar, “A tunable doughnut laser beam for cold-atom experiments,” J. Opt. B Quantum Semiclassical Opt. 5(1), 40–43 (2003).
    [CrossRef]
  5. G. Volpe, G. P. Singh, and D. Petrov, “Optical tweezers with cylindrical vector beams produced by optical fiber,” Proc. SPIE 5514, 283–292 (2004).
    [CrossRef]
  6. Q. Zhan, “Trapping metallic Rayleigh particles with radial polarization,” Opt. Lett. 12, 3377–3382 (2004).
  7. M. Meier, H. Glur, E. Wyss, Th. Feurer, and V. Romano, “Laser microhole drilling using Q-switched radially and tangentially polarized beams,” Proc. of SPIE. 6053, (2006)
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    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
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    [CrossRef]
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    [CrossRef]
  11. G. Volpe and D. Petrov, “Generation of cylindrical vector beams with few-mode fibers excited by Laguerre–Gaussian beams,” Opt. Commun. 237(1-3), 89–95 (2004).
    [CrossRef]
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    [CrossRef]
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    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
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    [CrossRef]
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    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  17. K. Yonezawa, Y. Kozawa, and S. Sato, “Generation of a radially polarized laser beam by use of the birefringence of a c-cut NdYVO4 crystal,” Opt. Lett. 31(14), 2151–2153 (2006).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
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    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
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    [CrossRef]

2007 (1)

2006 (3)

2005 (1)

2004 (3)

G. Volpe, G. P. Singh, and D. Petrov, “Optical tweezers with cylindrical vector beams produced by optical fiber,” Proc. SPIE 5514, 283–292 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Q. Zhan, “Trapping metallic Rayleigh particles with radial polarization,” Opt. Lett. 12, 3377–3382 (2004).

G. Volpe and D. Petrov, “Generation of cylindrical vector beams with few-mode fibers excited by Laguerre–Gaussian beams,” Opt. Commun. 237(1-3), 89–95 (2004).
[CrossRef]

2003 (1)

S. M. Iftiquar, “A tunable doughnut laser beam for cold-atom experiments,” J. Opt. B Quantum Semiclassical Opt. 5(1), 40–43 (2003).
[CrossRef]

2002 (3)

Z. Bomzon, G. Biener, V. Kleiner, and E. Hasman, “Radially and azimuthally polarized beams generated by space-variant dielectric subwavelength gratings,” Opt. Lett. 27(5), 285–287 (2002).
[CrossRef]

T. Grosjean, D. Courjon, and M. Spajer, “An all-fiber device for generating radially and other polarized light beams,” Opt. Commun. 203(1-2), 1–5 (2002).
[CrossRef]

D. P. Rhodes, G. P. T. Lancaster, J. Livesey, D. McGloin, J. Arlt, and K. Dholakia, “Guiding a cold atomic beam along a co-propagating and oblique hollow light guide,” Opt. Commun. 214(1-6), 247–254 (2002).
[CrossRef]

2000 (3)

B. Sick, B. Hecht, and L. Novotny, “Orientational imaging of single molecules by annular illumination,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 85(21), 4482–4485 (2000).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

R. Oron, S. Blit, N. Davidson, A. A. Friesem, Z. Bomzon, and E. Hasman, “The formation of laser beams with pure azimuthal or radial polarization,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 77(21), 3322–3324 (2000).
[CrossRef]

K. S. Youngworth and T. G. Brown, “Focusing of high numerical aperture cylindrical vector beams,” Opt. Express 7(2), 77–87 (2000).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

1997 (1)

R. Paschotta, J. Nilsson, A. C. Tropper, and D. C. Hanna, “Ytterbium-doped fiber amplifiers,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 33(7), 1049–1056 (1997).
[CrossRef]

1990 (1)

1972 (1)

D. Pohl, “Operation of a Ruby Laser in the Purely Transverse Electric Mode TE01,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 20(7), 266–267 (1972).
[CrossRef]

Arlt, J.

D. P. Rhodes, G. P. T. Lancaster, J. Livesey, D. McGloin, J. Arlt, and K. Dholakia, “Guiding a cold atomic beam along a co-propagating and oblique hollow light guide,” Opt. Commun. 214(1-6), 247–254 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Biener, G.

Blit, S.

R. Oron, S. Blit, N. Davidson, A. A. Friesem, Z. Bomzon, and E. Hasman, “The formation of laser beams with pure azimuthal or radial polarization,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 77(21), 3322–3324 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Bomzon, Z.

Z. Bomzon, G. Biener, V. Kleiner, and E. Hasman, “Radially and azimuthally polarized beams generated by space-variant dielectric subwavelength gratings,” Opt. Lett. 27(5), 285–287 (2002).
[CrossRef]

R. Oron, S. Blit, N. Davidson, A. A. Friesem, Z. Bomzon, and E. Hasman, “The formation of laser beams with pure azimuthal or radial polarization,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 77(21), 3322–3324 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Bouhelier, A.

Brown, T. G.

Bruyant, A.

Chang, R. S.

Colas des Francs, G.

Courjon, D.

T. Grosjean, D. Courjon, and M. Spajer, “An all-fiber device for generating radially and other polarized light beams,” Opt. Commun. 203(1-2), 1–5 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Davidson, N.

R. Oron, S. Blit, N. Davidson, A. A. Friesem, Z. Bomzon, and E. Hasman, “The formation of laser beams with pure azimuthal or radial polarization,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 77(21), 3322–3324 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Dereux, A.

Dholakia, K.

D. P. Rhodes, G. P. T. Lancaster, J. Livesey, D. McGloin, J. Arlt, and K. Dholakia, “Guiding a cold atomic beam along a co-propagating and oblique hollow light guide,” Opt. Commun. 214(1-6), 247–254 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Ford, D. H.

Friesem, A. A.

R. Oron, S. Blit, N. Davidson, A. A. Friesem, Z. Bomzon, and E. Hasman, “The formation of laser beams with pure azimuthal or radial polarization,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 77(21), 3322–3324 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Grosjean, T.

T. Grosjean, D. Courjon, and M. Spajer, “An all-fiber device for generating radially and other polarized light beams,” Opt. Commun. 203(1-2), 1–5 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Hanna, D. C.

R. Paschotta, J. Nilsson, A. C. Tropper, and D. C. Hanna, “Ytterbium-doped fiber amplifiers,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 33(7), 1049–1056 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Hasman, E.

Z. Bomzon, G. Biener, V. Kleiner, and E. Hasman, “Radially and azimuthally polarized beams generated by space-variant dielectric subwavelength gratings,” Opt. Lett. 27(5), 285–287 (2002).
[CrossRef]

R. Oron, S. Blit, N. Davidson, A. A. Friesem, Z. Bomzon, and E. Hasman, “The formation of laser beams with pure azimuthal or radial polarization,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 77(21), 3322–3324 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Hecht, B.

B. Sick, B. Hecht, and L. Novotny, “Orientational imaging of single molecules by annular illumination,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 85(21), 4482–4485 (2000).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Hirayama, T.

Huang, C.

Iftiquar, S. M.

S. M. Iftiquar, “A tunable doughnut laser beam for cold-atom experiments,” J. Opt. B Quantum Semiclassical Opt. 5(1), 40–43 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Ignatovich, F.

Kimura, W. D.

Kleiner, V.

Kozawa, Y.

Lancaster, G. P. T.

D. P. Rhodes, G. P. T. Lancaster, J. Livesey, D. McGloin, J. Arlt, and K. Dholakia, “Guiding a cold atomic beam along a co-propagating and oblique hollow light guide,” Opt. Commun. 214(1-6), 247–254 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Livesey, J.

D. P. Rhodes, G. P. T. Lancaster, J. Livesey, D. McGloin, J. Arlt, and K. Dholakia, “Guiding a cold atomic beam along a co-propagating and oblique hollow light guide,” Opt. Commun. 214(1-6), 247–254 (2002).
[CrossRef]

McGloin, D.

D. P. Rhodes, G. P. T. Lancaster, J. Livesey, D. McGloin, J. Arlt, and K. Dholakia, “Guiding a cold atomic beam along a co-propagating and oblique hollow light guide,” Opt. Commun. 214(1-6), 247–254 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Nakamura, T.

Nesterov, A. V.

Nilsson, J.

R. Paschotta, J. Nilsson, A. C. Tropper, and D. C. Hanna, “Ytterbium-doped fiber amplifiers,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 33(7), 1049–1056 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Niziev, V. G.

Novotny, L.

Oron, R.

R. Oron, S. Blit, N. Davidson, A. A. Friesem, Z. Bomzon, and E. Hasman, “The formation of laser beams with pure azimuthal or radial polarization,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 77(21), 3322–3324 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Paschotta, R.

R. Paschotta, J. Nilsson, A. C. Tropper, and D. C. Hanna, “Ytterbium-doped fiber amplifiers,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 33(7), 1049–1056 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Petrov, D.

G. Volpe and D. Petrov, “Generation of cylindrical vector beams with few-mode fibers excited by Laguerre–Gaussian beams,” Opt. Commun. 237(1-3), 89–95 (2004).
[CrossRef]

G. Volpe, G. P. Singh, and D. Petrov, “Optical tweezers with cylindrical vector beams produced by optical fiber,” Proc. SPIE 5514, 283–292 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Pohl, D.

D. Pohl, “Operation of a Ruby Laser in the Purely Transverse Electric Mode TE01,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 20(7), 266–267 (1972).
[CrossRef]

Rhodes, D. P.

D. P. Rhodes, G. P. T. Lancaster, J. Livesey, D. McGloin, J. Arlt, and K. Dholakia, “Guiding a cold atomic beam along a co-propagating and oblique hollow light guide,” Opt. Commun. 214(1-6), 247–254 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Sato, S.

Sick, B.

B. Sick, B. Hecht, and L. Novotny, “Orientational imaging of single molecules by annular illumination,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 85(21), 4482–4485 (2000).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Singh, G. P.

G. Volpe, G. P. Singh, and D. Petrov, “Optical tweezers with cylindrical vector beams produced by optical fiber,” Proc. SPIE 5514, 283–292 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Spajer, M.

T. Grosjean, D. Courjon, and M. Spajer, “An all-fiber device for generating radially and other polarized light beams,” Opt. Commun. 203(1-2), 1–5 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Tidwell, S. C.

Tropper, A. C.

R. Paschotta, J. Nilsson, A. C. Tropper, and D. C. Hanna, “Ytterbium-doped fiber amplifiers,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 33(7), 1049–1056 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Volpe, G.

G. Volpe, G. P. Singh, and D. Petrov, “Optical tweezers with cylindrical vector beams produced by optical fiber,” Proc. SPIE 5514, 283–292 (2004).
[CrossRef]

G. Volpe and D. Petrov, “Generation of cylindrical vector beams with few-mode fibers excited by Laguerre–Gaussian beams,” Opt. Commun. 237(1-3), 89–95 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Weeber, J.-C.

Wiederrecht, G. P.

Yonezawa, K.

Youngworth, K. S.

Zhan, Q.

Q. Zhan, “Trapping metallic Rayleigh particles with radial polarization,” Opt. Lett. 12, 3377–3382 (2004).

Appl. Opt. (2)

Appl. Phys. Lett. (2)

R. Oron, S. Blit, N. Davidson, A. A. Friesem, Z. Bomzon, and E. Hasman, “The formation of laser beams with pure azimuthal or radial polarization,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 77(21), 3322–3324 (2000).
[CrossRef]

D. Pohl, “Operation of a Ruby Laser in the Purely Transverse Electric Mode TE01,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 20(7), 266–267 (1972).
[CrossRef]

IEEE J. Quantum Electron. (1)

R. Paschotta, J. Nilsson, A. C. Tropper, and D. C. Hanna, “Ytterbium-doped fiber amplifiers,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 33(7), 1049–1056 (1997).
[CrossRef]

J. Opt. B Quantum Semiclassical Opt. (1)

S. M. Iftiquar, “A tunable doughnut laser beam for cold-atom experiments,” J. Opt. B Quantum Semiclassical Opt. 5(1), 40–43 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Opt. Commun. (3)

D. P. Rhodes, G. P. T. Lancaster, J. Livesey, D. McGloin, J. Arlt, and K. Dholakia, “Guiding a cold atomic beam along a co-propagating and oblique hollow light guide,” Opt. Commun. 214(1-6), 247–254 (2002).
[CrossRef]

T. Grosjean, D. Courjon, and M. Spajer, “An all-fiber device for generating radially and other polarized light beams,” Opt. Commun. 203(1-2), 1–5 (2002).
[CrossRef]

G. Volpe and D. Petrov, “Generation of cylindrical vector beams with few-mode fibers excited by Laguerre–Gaussian beams,” Opt. Commun. 237(1-3), 89–95 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Opt. Express (2)

Opt. Lett. (5)

Phys. Rev. Lett. (1)

B. Sick, B. Hecht, and L. Novotny, “Orientational imaging of single molecules by annular illumination,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 85(21), 4482–4485 (2000).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Proc. SPIE (1)

G. Volpe, G. P. Singh, and D. Petrov, “Optical tweezers with cylindrical vector beams produced by optical fiber,” Proc. SPIE 5514, 283–292 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Other (2)

M. Meier, H. Glur, E. Wyss, Th. Feurer, and V. Romano, “Laser microhole drilling using Q-switched radially and tangentially polarized beams,” Proc. of SPIE. 6053, (2006)

A. W. Snyder, and J. D. Love, Optical waveguide theory (Chapman & Hall 1983), Chapter 20.

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Figures (6)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1

Experimental setup for generating CV beam.

Fig. 2
Fig. 2

Intensity profile distributions for radial symmetry beam: (a) without polarizer, (b)-(e) with linear polarizer in different polarized directions.

Fig. 3
Fig. 3

Laser output versus pump power.

Fig. 4
Fig. 4

Laser spectrum with 50 mW pump power.

Fig. 5
Fig. 5

Intensity profile distributions for azimuthal symmetry with linear polarizer in different polarized directions.

Fig. 6
Fig. 6

Multi-peaks output spectrum observed in the CV beam laser.

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