Abstract

A new continuous-wave singly resonant optical parametric oscillator is described. It is capable of stable, widely tunable single-frequency output in the mid-infrared region. A magnesium oxide doped periodically poled LiNbO3 crystal provides the parametric amplification. The signal beam is in resonance with a 4-mirror linear cavity, where a diffraction grating in the Littrow configuration replaces one end mirror. The output frequency is tunable by rotating the grating. No additional components are needed inside the resonator.

© 2009 Optical Society of America

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  1. G. D. Boyd and D. A. Kleinman, "Parametric interaction of focused Gaussian light beams," J. Appl. Phys. 39, 3597-3639 (1968).
    [CrossRef]
  2. A. K. Y. Ngai, S. T. Persijn, G. von Basum, and F. J. M. Harren, "Automatically tunable continuous-wave optical parametric oscillator for high-resolution spectroscopy and sensitive trace-gas detection," Appl. Phys. B 85, 173- 180 (2006).
    [CrossRef]
  3. S. T. Lin, Y. Y. Lin, Y. C. Huang, A. C. Chiang, and J. T. Shy, "Observation of thermal-induced optical guiding and bistability in a mid-IR continuous-wave, singly resonant optical parametric oscillator," Opt. Lett. 33, 2338- 2340 (2008).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  4. M. Vainio, J. Peltola, S. Persijn, F. J. M. Harren, and L. Halonen, "Singly resonant cw OPO with simple wavelength tuning," Opt. Express 16, 11141-11146 (2008).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  5. J. Kiessling, R. Sowade, I. Breunig, K. Buse, and V. Dierolf, "Cascaded optical parametric oscillations generating tunable terahertz waves in periodically poled lithium niobate crystals," Opt. Express 17, 87-91 (2009).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  6. R. Sowade, I. Breunig, J. Kiessling, and K. Buse, "Influence of the pump threshold on the single-frequency output power of singly resonant optical parametric oscillators," Appl. Phys. B (2009).
    [CrossRef]
  7. L. B. Kreuzer, "Single and multimode oscillation of the singly resonant optical parametric oscillator," in Proceedings of the Joint Conference on Lasers and Opto-Electronics, pp. 52-63 (The Institution of Electronic and Radio Engineers, 1969). Revised Edition.
  8. S. E. Bisson, K. M. Armstrong, T. J. Kulp, and M. Hartings, "Broadly tunable, mode-hop-tuned cw optical parametric oscillator based on periodically poled lithium niobate," Appl. Opt. 40, 6049-6055 (2001).
    [CrossRef]
  9. M. van Herpen, S. te Linkel Hekkert, S. E. Bisson, and F. J. M. Harren, "Wide single-mode tuning of a 3.0- 3.8-?m, 700-mW, continuous-wave Nd:YAG-pumped optical parametric oscillator based on periodically poled lithium niobate," Opt. Lett. 27, 640-642 (2002).
    [CrossRef]
  10. M. M. J. W. van Herpen, S. Li, S. E. Bisson, S. te Lintel Hekkert, and F. J. M. Harren, "Tuning and stability of a continuous-wave mid-infrared high-power single resonant optical parametric oscillator," Appl. Phys. B 75, 329-333 (2002).
    [CrossRef]
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    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  12. Q1. D. C. Hanna, M. V. O’Connor, M. A. Watson, and D. P. Shepherd, "Synchronously pumped optical parametric oscillator with diffraction-grating tuning," J. Phys. D 34, 2440-2454 (2001).
    [CrossRef]
  13. B. Jacobsson, V. Pasiskevicius, F. Laurell, E. Rotari, V. Smirnov, and L. Glebov, "Tunable narrowband optical parametric oscillator using a transversely chirped Bragg grating," Opt. Lett. 34, 449-451 (2009).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
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    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
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    [CrossRef]
  16. A. Henderson and R. Stafford, "Intra-cavity power effects in singly resonant cw OPOs," Appl. Phys. B 85, 181- 184 (2006).
    [CrossRef]

2009 (3)

2008 (2)

2006 (2)

A. Henderson and R. Stafford, "Intra-cavity power effects in singly resonant cw OPOs," Appl. Phys. B 85, 181- 184 (2006).
[CrossRef]

A. K. Y. Ngai, S. T. Persijn, G. von Basum, and F. J. M. Harren, "Automatically tunable continuous-wave optical parametric oscillator for high-resolution spectroscopy and sensitive trace-gas detection," Appl. Phys. B 85, 173- 180 (2006).
[CrossRef]

2004 (1)

2002 (2)

M. van Herpen, S. te Linkel Hekkert, S. E. Bisson, and F. J. M. Harren, "Wide single-mode tuning of a 3.0- 3.8-?m, 700-mW, continuous-wave Nd:YAG-pumped optical parametric oscillator based on periodically poled lithium niobate," Opt. Lett. 27, 640-642 (2002).
[CrossRef]

M. M. J. W. van Herpen, S. Li, S. E. Bisson, S. te Lintel Hekkert, and F. J. M. Harren, "Tuning and stability of a continuous-wave mid-infrared high-power single resonant optical parametric oscillator," Appl. Phys. B 75, 329-333 (2002).
[CrossRef]

2001 (2)

Q1. D. C. Hanna, M. V. O’Connor, M. A. Watson, and D. P. Shepherd, "Synchronously pumped optical parametric oscillator with diffraction-grating tuning," J. Phys. D 34, 2440-2454 (2001).
[CrossRef]

S. E. Bisson, K. M. Armstrong, T. J. Kulp, and M. Hartings, "Broadly tunable, mode-hop-tuned cw optical parametric oscillator based on periodically poled lithium niobate," Appl. Opt. 40, 6049-6055 (2001).
[CrossRef]

1968 (1)

G. D. Boyd and D. A. Kleinman, "Parametric interaction of focused Gaussian light beams," J. Appl. Phys. 39, 3597-3639 (1968).
[CrossRef]

1966 (1)

Armstrong, K. M.

Bisson, S. E.

Boyd, G. D.

G. D. Boyd and D. A. Kleinman, "Parametric interaction of focused Gaussian light beams," J. Appl. Phys. 39, 3597-3639 (1968).
[CrossRef]

Breunig, I.

Buse, K.

Chiang, A. C.

Dierolf, V.

Dunn, M.

Glebov, L.

Halonen, L.

M. Vainio, J. Peltola, S. Persijn, F. J. M. Harren, and L. Halonen, "Thermal effects in singly resonant continuouswave optical parametric oscillators," Appl. Phys. B 94, 411-427 (2009).
[CrossRef]

M. Vainio, J. Peltola, S. Persijn, F. J. M. Harren, and L. Halonen, "Singly resonant cw OPO with simple wavelength tuning," Opt. Express 16, 11141-11146 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Hanna, D. C.

Q1. D. C. Hanna, M. V. O’Connor, M. A. Watson, and D. P. Shepherd, "Synchronously pumped optical parametric oscillator with diffraction-grating tuning," J. Phys. D 34, 2440-2454 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Harren, F. J. M.

M. Vainio, J. Peltola, S. Persijn, F. J. M. Harren, and L. Halonen, "Thermal effects in singly resonant continuouswave optical parametric oscillators," Appl. Phys. B 94, 411-427 (2009).
[CrossRef]

M. Vainio, J. Peltola, S. Persijn, F. J. M. Harren, and L. Halonen, "Singly resonant cw OPO with simple wavelength tuning," Opt. Express 16, 11141-11146 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

A. K. Y. Ngai, S. T. Persijn, G. von Basum, and F. J. M. Harren, "Automatically tunable continuous-wave optical parametric oscillator for high-resolution spectroscopy and sensitive trace-gas detection," Appl. Phys. B 85, 173- 180 (2006).
[CrossRef]

M. M. J. W. van Herpen, S. Li, S. E. Bisson, S. te Lintel Hekkert, and F. J. M. Harren, "Tuning and stability of a continuous-wave mid-infrared high-power single resonant optical parametric oscillator," Appl. Phys. B 75, 329-333 (2002).
[CrossRef]

M. van Herpen, S. te Linkel Hekkert, S. E. Bisson, and F. J. M. Harren, "Wide single-mode tuning of a 3.0- 3.8-?m, 700-mW, continuous-wave Nd:YAG-pumped optical parametric oscillator based on periodically poled lithium niobate," Opt. Lett. 27, 640-642 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Hartings, M.

Henderson, A.

A. Henderson and R. Stafford, "Intra-cavity power effects in singly resonant cw OPOs," Appl. Phys. B 85, 181- 184 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Huang, Y. C.

Jacobsson, B.

Kiessling, J.

Kleinman, D. A.

G. D. Boyd and D. A. Kleinman, "Parametric interaction of focused Gaussian light beams," J. Appl. Phys. 39, 3597-3639 (1968).
[CrossRef]

Kogelnik, H.

Kulp, T. J.

Laurell, F.

Li, S.

M. M. J. W. van Herpen, S. Li, S. E. Bisson, S. te Lintel Hekkert, and F. J. M. Harren, "Tuning and stability of a continuous-wave mid-infrared high-power single resonant optical parametric oscillator," Appl. Phys. B 75, 329-333 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Lin, S. T.

Lin, Y. Y.

Lindsay, I.

Linkel, T.

Ngai, A. K. Y.

A. K. Y. Ngai, S. T. Persijn, G. von Basum, and F. J. M. Harren, "Automatically tunable continuous-wave optical parametric oscillator for high-resolution spectroscopy and sensitive trace-gas detection," Appl. Phys. B 85, 173- 180 (2006).
[CrossRef]

O’Connor, M. V.

Q1. D. C. Hanna, M. V. O’Connor, M. A. Watson, and D. P. Shepherd, "Synchronously pumped optical parametric oscillator with diffraction-grating tuning," J. Phys. D 34, 2440-2454 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Pasiskevicius, V.

Peltola, J.

M. Vainio, J. Peltola, S. Persijn, F. J. M. Harren, and L. Halonen, "Thermal effects in singly resonant continuouswave optical parametric oscillators," Appl. Phys. B 94, 411-427 (2009).
[CrossRef]

M. Vainio, J. Peltola, S. Persijn, F. J. M. Harren, and L. Halonen, "Singly resonant cw OPO with simple wavelength tuning," Opt. Express 16, 11141-11146 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Persijn, S.

M. Vainio, J. Peltola, S. Persijn, F. J. M. Harren, and L. Halonen, "Thermal effects in singly resonant continuouswave optical parametric oscillators," Appl. Phys. B 94, 411-427 (2009).
[CrossRef]

M. Vainio, J. Peltola, S. Persijn, F. J. M. Harren, and L. Halonen, "Singly resonant cw OPO with simple wavelength tuning," Opt. Express 16, 11141-11146 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Persijn, S. T.

A. K. Y. Ngai, S. T. Persijn, G. von Basum, and F. J. M. Harren, "Automatically tunable continuous-wave optical parametric oscillator for high-resolution spectroscopy and sensitive trace-gas detection," Appl. Phys. B 85, 173- 180 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Rotari, E.

Shepherd, D. P.

Q1. D. C. Hanna, M. V. O’Connor, M. A. Watson, and D. P. Shepherd, "Synchronously pumped optical parametric oscillator with diffraction-grating tuning," J. Phys. D 34, 2440-2454 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Shy, J. T.

Smirnov, V.

Sowade, R.

Stafford, R.

A. Henderson and R. Stafford, "Intra-cavity power effects in singly resonant cw OPOs," Appl. Phys. B 85, 181- 184 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Stothard, D.

te Linkel Hekkert, S.

te Lintel Hekkert, S.

M. M. J. W. van Herpen, S. Li, S. E. Bisson, S. te Lintel Hekkert, and F. J. M. Harren, "Tuning and stability of a continuous-wave mid-infrared high-power single resonant optical parametric oscillator," Appl. Phys. B 75, 329-333 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Vainio, M.

M. Vainio, J. Peltola, S. Persijn, F. J. M. Harren, and L. Halonen, "Thermal effects in singly resonant continuouswave optical parametric oscillators," Appl. Phys. B 94, 411-427 (2009).
[CrossRef]

M. Vainio, J. Peltola, S. Persijn, F. J. M. Harren, and L. Halonen, "Singly resonant cw OPO with simple wavelength tuning," Opt. Express 16, 11141-11146 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

van Herpen, M.

van Herpen, M. M. J. W.

M. M. J. W. van Herpen, S. Li, S. E. Bisson, S. te Lintel Hekkert, and F. J. M. Harren, "Tuning and stability of a continuous-wave mid-infrared high-power single resonant optical parametric oscillator," Appl. Phys. B 75, 329-333 (2002).
[CrossRef]

von Basum, G.

A. K. Y. Ngai, S. T. Persijn, G. von Basum, and F. J. M. Harren, "Automatically tunable continuous-wave optical parametric oscillator for high-resolution spectroscopy and sensitive trace-gas detection," Appl. Phys. B 85, 173- 180 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Watson, M. A.

Q1. D. C. Hanna, M. V. O’Connor, M. A. Watson, and D. P. Shepherd, "Synchronously pumped optical parametric oscillator with diffraction-grating tuning," J. Phys. D 34, 2440-2454 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Appl. Opt. (2)

Appl. Phys. B (4)

M. Vainio, J. Peltola, S. Persijn, F. J. M. Harren, and L. Halonen, "Thermal effects in singly resonant continuouswave optical parametric oscillators," Appl. Phys. B 94, 411-427 (2009).
[CrossRef]

A. Henderson and R. Stafford, "Intra-cavity power effects in singly resonant cw OPOs," Appl. Phys. B 85, 181- 184 (2006).
[CrossRef]

M. M. J. W. van Herpen, S. Li, S. E. Bisson, S. te Lintel Hekkert, and F. J. M. Harren, "Tuning and stability of a continuous-wave mid-infrared high-power single resonant optical parametric oscillator," Appl. Phys. B 75, 329-333 (2002).
[CrossRef]

A. K. Y. Ngai, S. T. Persijn, G. von Basum, and F. J. M. Harren, "Automatically tunable continuous-wave optical parametric oscillator for high-resolution spectroscopy and sensitive trace-gas detection," Appl. Phys. B 85, 173- 180 (2006).
[CrossRef]

J. Appl. Phys. (1)

G. D. Boyd and D. A. Kleinman, "Parametric interaction of focused Gaussian light beams," J. Appl. Phys. 39, 3597-3639 (1968).
[CrossRef]

J. Phys. D (1)

Q1. D. C. Hanna, M. V. O’Connor, M. A. Watson, and D. P. Shepherd, "Synchronously pumped optical parametric oscillator with diffraction-grating tuning," J. Phys. D 34, 2440-2454 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Opt. Express (3)

Opt. Lett. (3)

Other (2)

R. Sowade, I. Breunig, J. Kiessling, and K. Buse, "Influence of the pump threshold on the single-frequency output power of singly resonant optical parametric oscillators," Appl. Phys. B (2009).
[CrossRef]

L. B. Kreuzer, "Single and multimode oscillation of the singly resonant optical parametric oscillator," in Proceedings of the Joint Conference on Lasers and Opto-Electronics, pp. 52-63 (The Institution of Electronic and Radio Engineers, 1969). Revised Edition.

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Figures (3)

Fig. 1.
Fig. 1.

The layout of the linear cavity setup of the GOPO. The symbol HWP denotes a half-wave plate, PBS a polarizing beam splitter, L a lens, HR a highly reflecting mirror, and DBS a dichroic beam splitter. The distance between the concave mirrors is 138 mm and the distances between the concave mirrors and the ends of the cavity are 270 mm.

Fig. 2.
Fig. 2.

(a) A typical measured frequency of the output idler beam of the GOPO while rotating the diffraction grating (crystal temperature 118°C). (b) Comparison of frequency tuning for three tuning elements: two YAG etalons of different thickness and the diffraction grating (crystal temperature 120°C).

Fig. 3.
Fig. 3.

(a) The long-term stability of the GOPO. The GOPO cavity is enclosed inside a plastic protective housing to reduce the effects of ambient air currents. In this measurement, the drift of the idler frequency over 14 hours is about 250 MHz without mode-hops. The resolution of the wavemeter is about 80 MHz. (b) The power of the output idler beam as a function of the pump power with different components at the end of the OPO cavity.

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