Abstract

We demonstrate widely tunable wavelength conversion based on cross-phase modulation induced nonlinear polarization rotation in a carbon nanotubes (CNTs) deposited D-shaped fiber. A 5-centimeter-long CNT-deposited D-shaped fiber is used as the nonlinear medium for wavelength conversion of a 10 Gb/s non-return-to-zero signal. Wavelength tunable converted signal over 40 nm is obtained with around 2.5-dB power penalty in the bit-error-rate measurements.

© 2009 Optical Society of America

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  1. S. Iijima and T. Ichihashi, "Single shell carbon nanotubes of one nanometer diameter," Nature 363, 603-605 (1993).
    [CrossRef]
  2. A. Thess, R. Lee, P. Nikolaev, H. Dai, P. Petit, J. Robert, C. Xu,Y. H. Lee, S. G. Kim, D. T. Colbert, G. Scuseria, D. Tománek, J. E. Fischer, and R. E. Smalley, "Crystalline ropes of metallic carbon nanotubes," Science 273, 483-487 (1996).
    [CrossRef]
  3. Ph. Avouris, M. Freitag, and V. Perebeinos, "Carbon Nanotube Optics and Optoelectronics," Nat. Phton. 2, 341-350 (2008).
    [CrossRef]
  4. S. Y. Set, H. Yaguchi, Y. Tanaka, and M. Jablonski, "Ultrafast fiber pulsed lasers incorporating carbon nanotubes," IEEE J Select.Top. Quantum Electron. 10, 137-146 (2004).
    [CrossRef]
  5. S. Yamashita, Y. Inoue, S. Maruyama, Y. Murakami, H. Yaguchi, M. Jablonski, and S. Y. Set, "Saturable absorbers incorporating carbon nanotubes directly synthesized onto substrates/fibers and their applications to mode-locked fiber lasers," Opt. Lett. 29, 1581-1583 (2004).
    [CrossRef]
  6. Y. C. Chen, N. R. Raravikar, L. S. Schadler, P. M. Ajayan, Y. P. Zhao, T. M. Lu, G. C. Wang, and X. C. Zhang, "Ultrafast optical switching properties of single-walled carbon nanotube polymer composites at 1.55 ?m," App. Phys. Lett. 81, 975-977 (2002).
    [CrossRef]
  7. S. Tatsuura, M. Furuki, Y. Sato, I. Iwasa, M. Tian, and H. Mitsu, "Semiconductor carbon nanotubes as ultrafast switching materials for optical telecommunications," Adv. Mater. 15, 534-537 (2003).
    [CrossRef]
  8. S. Y. Set, H. Yaguchi, Y. Tanaka, and M. Jablonski, "A noise suppressing satiable absorber at 1550 nm based on carbon nanotube technology," in Proc. OFC 2003, paper FL2, Atlanta, GA, USA (2003).
  9. Q3Q4. Vl. A. Margulis, E. A. Gaiduk, and E. N. Zhidkin, "Third-order optical nonlinearity of semiconductor carbon nanotubes: third harmonic generation," Diamond Relat. Mater. 8, 1240-1245 (1999).
    [CrossRef]
  10. Y. W. Song, S. Y. Set, and S. Yamashita, "Novel Kerr shutter using carbon nanotubes deposited onto a 5-cm D-shaped fiber," in Proc. CLEO 2006, paper CMA4, Long Beach, CA, USA (2006).
  11. K. Kashiwagi, S. Yamashita, H. Yaguchi, C. S. Goh, and S. Y. Set, "All optical switching using carbon nanotubes loaded planar waveguide," in Proc. CLEO 2006, paper CMA5, Long Beach, CA, USA (2006).
  12. S. J. B. Yoo, "Wavelength conversion technologies for WDM network applications," J. Lightwave Technol. 14, 955-966 (1996).
    [CrossRef]
  13. G. P. Agrawal, Nonlinear Fiber Optics, 3rd ed. (New York: Academic, 210-216, 2001).

2008

Ph. Avouris, M. Freitag, and V. Perebeinos, "Carbon Nanotube Optics and Optoelectronics," Nat. Phton. 2, 341-350 (2008).
[CrossRef]

2004

2003

S. Tatsuura, M. Furuki, Y. Sato, I. Iwasa, M. Tian, and H. Mitsu, "Semiconductor carbon nanotubes as ultrafast switching materials for optical telecommunications," Adv. Mater. 15, 534-537 (2003).
[CrossRef]

2002

Y. C. Chen, N. R. Raravikar, L. S. Schadler, P. M. Ajayan, Y. P. Zhao, T. M. Lu, G. C. Wang, and X. C. Zhang, "Ultrafast optical switching properties of single-walled carbon nanotube polymer composites at 1.55 ?m," App. Phys. Lett. 81, 975-977 (2002).
[CrossRef]

1999

Q3Q4. Vl. A. Margulis, E. A. Gaiduk, and E. N. Zhidkin, "Third-order optical nonlinearity of semiconductor carbon nanotubes: third harmonic generation," Diamond Relat. Mater. 8, 1240-1245 (1999).
[CrossRef]

1996

S. J. B. Yoo, "Wavelength conversion technologies for WDM network applications," J. Lightwave Technol. 14, 955-966 (1996).
[CrossRef]

A. Thess, R. Lee, P. Nikolaev, H. Dai, P. Petit, J. Robert, C. Xu,Y. H. Lee, S. G. Kim, D. T. Colbert, G. Scuseria, D. Tománek, J. E. Fischer, and R. E. Smalley, "Crystalline ropes of metallic carbon nanotubes," Science 273, 483-487 (1996).
[CrossRef]

1993

S. Iijima and T. Ichihashi, "Single shell carbon nanotubes of one nanometer diameter," Nature 363, 603-605 (1993).
[CrossRef]

Ajayan, P. M.

Y. C. Chen, N. R. Raravikar, L. S. Schadler, P. M. Ajayan, Y. P. Zhao, T. M. Lu, G. C. Wang, and X. C. Zhang, "Ultrafast optical switching properties of single-walled carbon nanotube polymer composites at 1.55 ?m," App. Phys. Lett. 81, 975-977 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Avouris, Ph.

Ph. Avouris, M. Freitag, and V. Perebeinos, "Carbon Nanotube Optics and Optoelectronics," Nat. Phton. 2, 341-350 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Chen, Y. C.

Y. C. Chen, N. R. Raravikar, L. S. Schadler, P. M. Ajayan, Y. P. Zhao, T. M. Lu, G. C. Wang, and X. C. Zhang, "Ultrafast optical switching properties of single-walled carbon nanotube polymer composites at 1.55 ?m," App. Phys. Lett. 81, 975-977 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Colbert, D. T.

A. Thess, R. Lee, P. Nikolaev, H. Dai, P. Petit, J. Robert, C. Xu,Y. H. Lee, S. G. Kim, D. T. Colbert, G. Scuseria, D. Tománek, J. E. Fischer, and R. E. Smalley, "Crystalline ropes of metallic carbon nanotubes," Science 273, 483-487 (1996).
[CrossRef]

Dai, H.

A. Thess, R. Lee, P. Nikolaev, H. Dai, P. Petit, J. Robert, C. Xu,Y. H. Lee, S. G. Kim, D. T. Colbert, G. Scuseria, D. Tománek, J. E. Fischer, and R. E. Smalley, "Crystalline ropes of metallic carbon nanotubes," Science 273, 483-487 (1996).
[CrossRef]

Fischer, J. E.

A. Thess, R. Lee, P. Nikolaev, H. Dai, P. Petit, J. Robert, C. Xu,Y. H. Lee, S. G. Kim, D. T. Colbert, G. Scuseria, D. Tománek, J. E. Fischer, and R. E. Smalley, "Crystalline ropes of metallic carbon nanotubes," Science 273, 483-487 (1996).
[CrossRef]

Freitag, M.

Ph. Avouris, M. Freitag, and V. Perebeinos, "Carbon Nanotube Optics and Optoelectronics," Nat. Phton. 2, 341-350 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Furuki, M.

S. Tatsuura, M. Furuki, Y. Sato, I. Iwasa, M. Tian, and H. Mitsu, "Semiconductor carbon nanotubes as ultrafast switching materials for optical telecommunications," Adv. Mater. 15, 534-537 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Ichihashi, T.

S. Iijima and T. Ichihashi, "Single shell carbon nanotubes of one nanometer diameter," Nature 363, 603-605 (1993).
[CrossRef]

Iijima, S.

S. Iijima and T. Ichihashi, "Single shell carbon nanotubes of one nanometer diameter," Nature 363, 603-605 (1993).
[CrossRef]

Inoue, Y.

Iwasa, I.

S. Tatsuura, M. Furuki, Y. Sato, I. Iwasa, M. Tian, and H. Mitsu, "Semiconductor carbon nanotubes as ultrafast switching materials for optical telecommunications," Adv. Mater. 15, 534-537 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Jablonski, M.

Kim, S. G.

A. Thess, R. Lee, P. Nikolaev, H. Dai, P. Petit, J. Robert, C. Xu,Y. H. Lee, S. G. Kim, D. T. Colbert, G. Scuseria, D. Tománek, J. E. Fischer, and R. E. Smalley, "Crystalline ropes of metallic carbon nanotubes," Science 273, 483-487 (1996).
[CrossRef]

Lee, R.

A. Thess, R. Lee, P. Nikolaev, H. Dai, P. Petit, J. Robert, C. Xu,Y. H. Lee, S. G. Kim, D. T. Colbert, G. Scuseria, D. Tománek, J. E. Fischer, and R. E. Smalley, "Crystalline ropes of metallic carbon nanotubes," Science 273, 483-487 (1996).
[CrossRef]

Lee, Y. H.

A. Thess, R. Lee, P. Nikolaev, H. Dai, P. Petit, J. Robert, C. Xu,Y. H. Lee, S. G. Kim, D. T. Colbert, G. Scuseria, D. Tománek, J. E. Fischer, and R. E. Smalley, "Crystalline ropes of metallic carbon nanotubes," Science 273, 483-487 (1996).
[CrossRef]

Lu, T. M.

Y. C. Chen, N. R. Raravikar, L. S. Schadler, P. M. Ajayan, Y. P. Zhao, T. M. Lu, G. C. Wang, and X. C. Zhang, "Ultrafast optical switching properties of single-walled carbon nanotube polymer composites at 1.55 ?m," App. Phys. Lett. 81, 975-977 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Maruyama, S.

Mitsu, H.

S. Tatsuura, M. Furuki, Y. Sato, I. Iwasa, M. Tian, and H. Mitsu, "Semiconductor carbon nanotubes as ultrafast switching materials for optical telecommunications," Adv. Mater. 15, 534-537 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Murakami, Y.

Nikolaev, P.

A. Thess, R. Lee, P. Nikolaev, H. Dai, P. Petit, J. Robert, C. Xu,Y. H. Lee, S. G. Kim, D. T. Colbert, G. Scuseria, D. Tománek, J. E. Fischer, and R. E. Smalley, "Crystalline ropes of metallic carbon nanotubes," Science 273, 483-487 (1996).
[CrossRef]

Perebeinos, V.

Ph. Avouris, M. Freitag, and V. Perebeinos, "Carbon Nanotube Optics and Optoelectronics," Nat. Phton. 2, 341-350 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Petit, P.

A. Thess, R. Lee, P. Nikolaev, H. Dai, P. Petit, J. Robert, C. Xu,Y. H. Lee, S. G. Kim, D. T. Colbert, G. Scuseria, D. Tománek, J. E. Fischer, and R. E. Smalley, "Crystalline ropes of metallic carbon nanotubes," Science 273, 483-487 (1996).
[CrossRef]

Raravikar, N. R.

Y. C. Chen, N. R. Raravikar, L. S. Schadler, P. M. Ajayan, Y. P. Zhao, T. M. Lu, G. C. Wang, and X. C. Zhang, "Ultrafast optical switching properties of single-walled carbon nanotube polymer composites at 1.55 ?m," App. Phys. Lett. 81, 975-977 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Robert, J.

A. Thess, R. Lee, P. Nikolaev, H. Dai, P. Petit, J. Robert, C. Xu,Y. H. Lee, S. G. Kim, D. T. Colbert, G. Scuseria, D. Tománek, J. E. Fischer, and R. E. Smalley, "Crystalline ropes of metallic carbon nanotubes," Science 273, 483-487 (1996).
[CrossRef]

Sato, Y.

S. Tatsuura, M. Furuki, Y. Sato, I. Iwasa, M. Tian, and H. Mitsu, "Semiconductor carbon nanotubes as ultrafast switching materials for optical telecommunications," Adv. Mater. 15, 534-537 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Schadler, L. S.

Y. C. Chen, N. R. Raravikar, L. S. Schadler, P. M. Ajayan, Y. P. Zhao, T. M. Lu, G. C. Wang, and X. C. Zhang, "Ultrafast optical switching properties of single-walled carbon nanotube polymer composites at 1.55 ?m," App. Phys. Lett. 81, 975-977 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Scuseria, G.

A. Thess, R. Lee, P. Nikolaev, H. Dai, P. Petit, J. Robert, C. Xu,Y. H. Lee, S. G. Kim, D. T. Colbert, G. Scuseria, D. Tománek, J. E. Fischer, and R. E. Smalley, "Crystalline ropes of metallic carbon nanotubes," Science 273, 483-487 (1996).
[CrossRef]

Set, S. Y.

Smalley, R. E.

A. Thess, R. Lee, P. Nikolaev, H. Dai, P. Petit, J. Robert, C. Xu,Y. H. Lee, S. G. Kim, D. T. Colbert, G. Scuseria, D. Tománek, J. E. Fischer, and R. E. Smalley, "Crystalline ropes of metallic carbon nanotubes," Science 273, 483-487 (1996).
[CrossRef]

Tanaka, Y.

S. Y. Set, H. Yaguchi, Y. Tanaka, and M. Jablonski, "Ultrafast fiber pulsed lasers incorporating carbon nanotubes," IEEE J Select.Top. Quantum Electron. 10, 137-146 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Tatsuura, S.

S. Tatsuura, M. Furuki, Y. Sato, I. Iwasa, M. Tian, and H. Mitsu, "Semiconductor carbon nanotubes as ultrafast switching materials for optical telecommunications," Adv. Mater. 15, 534-537 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Thess, A.

A. Thess, R. Lee, P. Nikolaev, H. Dai, P. Petit, J. Robert, C. Xu,Y. H. Lee, S. G. Kim, D. T. Colbert, G. Scuseria, D. Tománek, J. E. Fischer, and R. E. Smalley, "Crystalline ropes of metallic carbon nanotubes," Science 273, 483-487 (1996).
[CrossRef]

Tian, M.

S. Tatsuura, M. Furuki, Y. Sato, I. Iwasa, M. Tian, and H. Mitsu, "Semiconductor carbon nanotubes as ultrafast switching materials for optical telecommunications," Adv. Mater. 15, 534-537 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Tománek, D.

A. Thess, R. Lee, P. Nikolaev, H. Dai, P. Petit, J. Robert, C. Xu,Y. H. Lee, S. G. Kim, D. T. Colbert, G. Scuseria, D. Tománek, J. E. Fischer, and R. E. Smalley, "Crystalline ropes of metallic carbon nanotubes," Science 273, 483-487 (1996).
[CrossRef]

Wang, G. C.

Y. C. Chen, N. R. Raravikar, L. S. Schadler, P. M. Ajayan, Y. P. Zhao, T. M. Lu, G. C. Wang, and X. C. Zhang, "Ultrafast optical switching properties of single-walled carbon nanotube polymer composites at 1.55 ?m," App. Phys. Lett. 81, 975-977 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Xu, C.

A. Thess, R. Lee, P. Nikolaev, H. Dai, P. Petit, J. Robert, C. Xu,Y. H. Lee, S. G. Kim, D. T. Colbert, G. Scuseria, D. Tománek, J. E. Fischer, and R. E. Smalley, "Crystalline ropes of metallic carbon nanotubes," Science 273, 483-487 (1996).
[CrossRef]

Yaguchi, H.

Yamashita, S.

Yoo, S. J. B.

S. J. B. Yoo, "Wavelength conversion technologies for WDM network applications," J. Lightwave Technol. 14, 955-966 (1996).
[CrossRef]

Zhang, X. C.

Y. C. Chen, N. R. Raravikar, L. S. Schadler, P. M. Ajayan, Y. P. Zhao, T. M. Lu, G. C. Wang, and X. C. Zhang, "Ultrafast optical switching properties of single-walled carbon nanotube polymer composites at 1.55 ?m," App. Phys. Lett. 81, 975-977 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Zhao, Y. P.

Y. C. Chen, N. R. Raravikar, L. S. Schadler, P. M. Ajayan, Y. P. Zhao, T. M. Lu, G. C. Wang, and X. C. Zhang, "Ultrafast optical switching properties of single-walled carbon nanotube polymer composites at 1.55 ?m," App. Phys. Lett. 81, 975-977 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Adv. Mater.

S. Tatsuura, M. Furuki, Y. Sato, I. Iwasa, M. Tian, and H. Mitsu, "Semiconductor carbon nanotubes as ultrafast switching materials for optical telecommunications," Adv. Mater. 15, 534-537 (2003).
[CrossRef]

App. Phys. Lett.

Y. C. Chen, N. R. Raravikar, L. S. Schadler, P. M. Ajayan, Y. P. Zhao, T. M. Lu, G. C. Wang, and X. C. Zhang, "Ultrafast optical switching properties of single-walled carbon nanotube polymer composites at 1.55 ?m," App. Phys. Lett. 81, 975-977 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Diamond Relat. Mater.

Q3Q4. Vl. A. Margulis, E. A. Gaiduk, and E. N. Zhidkin, "Third-order optical nonlinearity of semiconductor carbon nanotubes: third harmonic generation," Diamond Relat. Mater. 8, 1240-1245 (1999).
[CrossRef]

J. Lightwave Technol.

S. J. B. Yoo, "Wavelength conversion technologies for WDM network applications," J. Lightwave Technol. 14, 955-966 (1996).
[CrossRef]

Nat. Phton.

Ph. Avouris, M. Freitag, and V. Perebeinos, "Carbon Nanotube Optics and Optoelectronics," Nat. Phton. 2, 341-350 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Nature

S. Iijima and T. Ichihashi, "Single shell carbon nanotubes of one nanometer diameter," Nature 363, 603-605 (1993).
[CrossRef]

Opt. Lett.

Science

A. Thess, R. Lee, P. Nikolaev, H. Dai, P. Petit, J. Robert, C. Xu,Y. H. Lee, S. G. Kim, D. T. Colbert, G. Scuseria, D. Tománek, J. E. Fischer, and R. E. Smalley, "Crystalline ropes of metallic carbon nanotubes," Science 273, 483-487 (1996).
[CrossRef]

Top. Quantum Electron.

S. Y. Set, H. Yaguchi, Y. Tanaka, and M. Jablonski, "Ultrafast fiber pulsed lasers incorporating carbon nanotubes," IEEE J Select.Top. Quantum Electron. 10, 137-146 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Other

S. Y. Set, H. Yaguchi, Y. Tanaka, and M. Jablonski, "A noise suppressing satiable absorber at 1550 nm based on carbon nanotube technology," in Proc. OFC 2003, paper FL2, Atlanta, GA, USA (2003).

G. P. Agrawal, Nonlinear Fiber Optics, 3rd ed. (New York: Academic, 210-216, 2001).

Y. W. Song, S. Y. Set, and S. Yamashita, "Novel Kerr shutter using carbon nanotubes deposited onto a 5-cm D-shaped fiber," in Proc. CLEO 2006, paper CMA4, Long Beach, CA, USA (2006).

K. Kashiwagi, S. Yamashita, H. Yaguchi, C. S. Goh, and S. Y. Set, "All optical switching using carbon nanotubes loaded planar waveguide," in Proc. CLEO 2006, paper CMA5, Long Beach, CA, USA (2006).

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