Abstract

We have proposed and experimentally investigated polarization insensitive all-optical up-conversion for ROF system based on FWM in a semiconductor optical amplifier (SOA). The parallel pump is generated based on odd-order optical sidebands and carrier suppression using an external intensity modulator and a cascaded optical filter. Therefore, the two pumps are always parallel and phase locked, which makes system polarization insensitive. After FWM in a SOA and optical filtering, similar to single sideband (SSB) 40GHz optical millimeter-wave is generated only using 10GHz RF as local oscillator (LO). The receiver sensitivity at a BER of 10-9 for the up-converted signals is -28.4dBm. The power penalty for the up-converted downstream signals is smaller than 1dBm after 20km SSMF-28 transmission.

© 2009 Optical Society of America

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    [CrossRef]
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    [CrossRef]
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    [CrossRef]
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  14. M. Huang, J. Yu, Z. Jia, and G. K. Chang, "Simultaneous Generation of Centralized Lightwaves and Double/Single Sideband Optical Millimeter-Wave Requiring Only Low-Frequency Local Oscillator Signals for Radio-Over-Fiber Systems," J. Lightwave Technol. 26, 2653 - 2662 (2008).
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2009 (3)

2008 (7)

M. Huang, J. Yu, Z. Jia, and G. K. Chang, "Simultaneous Generation of Centralized Lightwaves and Double/Single Sideband Optical Millimeter-Wave Requiring Only Low-Frequency Local Oscillator Signals for Radio-Over-Fiber Systems," J. Lightwave Technol. 26, 2653 - 2662 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Z. Jia, J. Yu, T. Hsuech, A. Chowdhury, H. Chien, J. A. Buck, G. K. Chang, "Multiband Signal Generation and Dispersion-Tolerant Transmission Based on Photonic Frequency Tripling Technology for 60-GHz Radio-Over-Fiber Systems," IEEE Photon Technol. Lett. 20, 1470 - 1472 (2008).
[CrossRef]

J. Ma, X. Xin, J. Yu, C. Yu, K. Wang, H. Huang, and L. Rao, "Optical millimeter wave generated by octupling the frequency of the local oscillator," J. Opt. Netw. 7, 837-845 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Z. Xu, J. Yu, and X. Zhang, "Electroabsorption modulator frequency down-converison for uplink radio-over-fiber," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 20, 1875-1877 (2008).
[CrossRef]

C. T. Lin, S. P. Dai, J. Chen, P. T. Shih, P. C. Peng, and S. Chi, "A novel direct detection microwave photonic vector modulation scheme for radio-over-fiber system," IEEE photon. Technol. Lett. 20, 1106-1108 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Z. Dong, J. Lu, Y. Pi, X. Lei, L. Chen, and J. Yu, "Optical millimeter-wave signal generation and wavelength reuse for upstream connection in radio-over-fiber systems," J. Opt. Netw. 7, 736-741 (2008)
[CrossRef]

J. Yu, M. Huang, Z. Jia, T. Wang, and G. K. Chang, "A novel scheme to generate single-sideband millimeter-wave signals by using low-frequency local oscillator signal," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 20, 478-480 (2008).
[CrossRef]

2007 (2)

2006 (3)

J. Yu, Z. Jia, and G. K. Chang, "Optical Millimeter Wave Generation or Up-conversion using External Modulator," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 18, 265-267 (2006).
[CrossRef]

J. Yu, Z. Jia, L. Xu, L Chen, T Wang and G Chang, "A DWDM optical mm-wave generation for ROF downstream link using optical phase modulator and optical interleaver," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 18, 1418-1420 (2006).

J. Ma, J. Yu, C. Yu, Z. Jia, X. Sang, Z. Zhou, T. Wang, and G. K. Chang, "Wavelength conversion based on four-wave mixing in high-nonlinear dispersion shifted fiber using a dual-pump configuration," J. Lightwave Technol. 24, 2851-2858 (2006).
[CrossRef]

1999 (1)

K. Kitayama and R. Griffin, "Optical downconversion from millimeter-wave to IF band over 50-km-long optical fiber link using an electroabsorption modulator," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 11, 287-289 (1999).
[CrossRef]

1992 (1)

H. Ogawa, D. Polifko, and S. Bamba, "Millimeter-wave fiber optics systems for personal radio communication," IEEE Trans. Microwave Theory Tech. 40, 2285-2293 (1992).
[CrossRef]

1990 (1)

A. J. Cooper, "Fiber/radio for the provision of cordless/mobile telephony services in the access network," Electron. Lett. 26, 2054-2056 (1990).
[CrossRef]

Alphones, A.

Bakaul, M.

Bamba, S.

H. Ogawa, D. Polifko, and S. Bamba, "Millimeter-wave fiber optics systems for personal radio communication," IEEE Trans. Microwave Theory Tech. 40, 2285-2293 (1992).
[CrossRef]

Buck, J. A.

Z. Jia, J. Yu, T. Hsuech, A. Chowdhury, H. Chien, J. A. Buck, G. K. Chang, "Multiband Signal Generation and Dispersion-Tolerant Transmission Based on Photonic Frequency Tripling Technology for 60-GHz Radio-Over-Fiber Systems," IEEE Photon Technol. Lett. 20, 1470 - 1472 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Cabon, B.

Chang, G

J. Yu, Z. Jia, L. Xu, L Chen, T Wang and G Chang, "A DWDM optical mm-wave generation for ROF downstream link using optical phase modulator and optical interleaver," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 18, 1418-1420 (2006).

Chang, G. K.

Z. Jia, J. Yu, T. Hsuech, A. Chowdhury, H. Chien, J. A. Buck, G. K. Chang, "Multiband Signal Generation and Dispersion-Tolerant Transmission Based on Photonic Frequency Tripling Technology for 60-GHz Radio-Over-Fiber Systems," IEEE Photon Technol. Lett. 20, 1470 - 1472 (2008).
[CrossRef]

J. Yu, M. Huang, Z. Jia, T. Wang, and G. K. Chang, "A novel scheme to generate single-sideband millimeter-wave signals by using low-frequency local oscillator signal," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 20, 478-480 (2008).
[CrossRef]

M. Huang, J. Yu, Z. Jia, and G. K. Chang, "Simultaneous Generation of Centralized Lightwaves and Double/Single Sideband Optical Millimeter-Wave Requiring Only Low-Frequency Local Oscillator Signals for Radio-Over-Fiber Systems," J. Lightwave Technol. 26, 2653 - 2662 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Z. Jia, JianjunYu , G. Ellinas, and G. K. Chang, "Key enabling technologies for optical-wireless networks: optical millimeter-wave generation, wavelength reuse, and architecture," J. Lightwave Technol. 25,3452-3471 (2007).
[CrossRef]

J. Ma, J. Yu, C. Yu, Z. Jia, X. Sang, Z. Zhou, T. Wang, and G. K. Chang, "Wavelength conversion based on four-wave mixing in high-nonlinear dispersion shifted fiber using a dual-pump configuration," J. Lightwave Technol. 24, 2851-2858 (2006).
[CrossRef]

J. Yu, Z. Jia, and G. K. Chang, "Optical Millimeter Wave Generation or Up-conversion using External Modulator," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 18, 265-267 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Chen, J.

J. Chen, C.-T. Lin, P. T. Shih, W.-Jr.  Jiang, S.-P.  Dai, Y.-M.  Lin, P.-C.  Peng, and S. Chi, "Generation of optical millimeter-wave signals and vector formats using an integrated optical I/Q modulator," J. Opt. Netw. 8, 188-200 (2009).
[CrossRef]

C. T. Lin, S. P. Dai, J. Chen, P. T. Shih, P. C. Peng, and S. Chi, "A novel direct detection microwave photonic vector modulation scheme for radio-over-fiber system," IEEE photon. Technol. Lett. 20, 1106-1108 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Chen, L

J. Yu, Z. Jia, L. Xu, L Chen, T Wang and G Chang, "A DWDM optical mm-wave generation for ROF downstream link using optical phase modulator and optical interleaver," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 18, 1418-1420 (2006).

Chen, L.

Chi, S.

J. Chen, C.-T. Lin, P. T. Shih, W.-Jr.  Jiang, S.-P.  Dai, Y.-M.  Lin, P.-C.  Peng, and S. Chi, "Generation of optical millimeter-wave signals and vector formats using an integrated optical I/Q modulator," J. Opt. Netw. 8, 188-200 (2009).
[CrossRef]

C. T. Lin, S. P. Dai, J. Chen, P. T. Shih, P. C. Peng, and S. Chi, "A novel direct detection microwave photonic vector modulation scheme for radio-over-fiber system," IEEE photon. Technol. Lett. 20, 1106-1108 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Chien, H.

Z. Jia, J. Yu, T. Hsuech, A. Chowdhury, H. Chien, J. A. Buck, G. K. Chang, "Multiband Signal Generation and Dispersion-Tolerant Transmission Based on Photonic Frequency Tripling Technology for 60-GHz Radio-Over-Fiber Systems," IEEE Photon Technol. Lett. 20, 1470 - 1472 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Chowdhury, A.

Z. Jia, J. Yu, T. Hsuech, A. Chowdhury, H. Chien, J. A. Buck, G. K. Chang, "Multiband Signal Generation and Dispersion-Tolerant Transmission Based on Photonic Frequency Tripling Technology for 60-GHz Radio-Over-Fiber Systems," IEEE Photon Technol. Lett. 20, 1470 - 1472 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Cooper, A. J.

A. J. Cooper, "Fiber/radio for the provision of cordless/mobile telephony services in the access network," Electron. Lett. 26, 2054-2056 (1990).
[CrossRef]

Csörnyei, M.

Dai, S. P.

C. T. Lin, S. P. Dai, J. Chen, P. T. Shih, P. C. Peng, and S. Chi, "A novel direct detection microwave photonic vector modulation scheme for radio-over-fiber system," IEEE photon. Technol. Lett. 20, 1106-1108 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Dai, S.-P.

Dong, Z.

Ellinas, G.

Gomes, N. J.

Griffin, R.

K. Kitayama and R. Griffin, "Optical downconversion from millimeter-wave to IF band over 50-km-long optical fiber link using an electroabsorption modulator," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 11, 287-289 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Hsuech, T.

Z. Jia, J. Yu, T. Hsuech, A. Chowdhury, H. Chien, J. A. Buck, G. K. Chang, "Multiband Signal Generation and Dispersion-Tolerant Transmission Based on Photonic Frequency Tripling Technology for 60-GHz Radio-Over-Fiber Systems," IEEE Photon Technol. Lett. 20, 1470 - 1472 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Huang, H.

Huang, M.

M. Huang, J. Yu, Z. Jia, and G. K. Chang, "Simultaneous Generation of Centralized Lightwaves and Double/Single Sideband Optical Millimeter-Wave Requiring Only Low-Frequency Local Oscillator Signals for Radio-Over-Fiber Systems," J. Lightwave Technol. 26, 2653 - 2662 (2008).
[CrossRef]

J. Yu, M. Huang, Z. Jia, T. Wang, and G. K. Chang, "A novel scheme to generate single-sideband millimeter-wave signals by using low-frequency local oscillator signal," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 20, 478-480 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Iezekiel, S.

Jia, Z.

J. Yu, M. Huang, Z. Jia, T. Wang, and G. K. Chang, "A novel scheme to generate single-sideband millimeter-wave signals by using low-frequency local oscillator signal," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 20, 478-480 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Z. Jia, J. Yu, T. Hsuech, A. Chowdhury, H. Chien, J. A. Buck, G. K. Chang, "Multiband Signal Generation and Dispersion-Tolerant Transmission Based on Photonic Frequency Tripling Technology for 60-GHz Radio-Over-Fiber Systems," IEEE Photon Technol. Lett. 20, 1470 - 1472 (2008).
[CrossRef]

M. Huang, J. Yu, Z. Jia, and G. K. Chang, "Simultaneous Generation of Centralized Lightwaves and Double/Single Sideband Optical Millimeter-Wave Requiring Only Low-Frequency Local Oscillator Signals for Radio-Over-Fiber Systems," J. Lightwave Technol. 26, 2653 - 2662 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Z. Jia, JianjunYu , G. Ellinas, and G. K. Chang, "Key enabling technologies for optical-wireless networks: optical millimeter-wave generation, wavelength reuse, and architecture," J. Lightwave Technol. 25,3452-3471 (2007).
[CrossRef]

J. Ma, J. Yu, C. Yu, Z. Jia, X. Sang, Z. Zhou, T. Wang, and G. K. Chang, "Wavelength conversion based on four-wave mixing in high-nonlinear dispersion shifted fiber using a dual-pump configuration," J. Lightwave Technol. 24, 2851-2858 (2006).
[CrossRef]

J. Yu, Z. Jia, and G. K. Chang, "Optical Millimeter Wave Generation or Up-conversion using External Modulator," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 18, 265-267 (2006).
[CrossRef]

J. Yu, Z. Jia, L. Xu, L Chen, T Wang and G Chang, "A DWDM optical mm-wave generation for ROF downstream link using optical phase modulator and optical interleaver," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 18, 1418-1420 (2006).

Jiang, W.-Jr.

Jianjun, Z.

Kitayama, K.

K. Kitayama and R. Griffin, "Optical downconversion from millimeter-wave to IF band over 50-km-long optical fiber link using an electroabsorption modulator," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 11, 287-289 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Lee, K.-L.

Lei, X.

Lethien, C.

Lim, C.

Lin, C. T.

C. T. Lin, S. P. Dai, J. Chen, P. T. Shih, P. C. Peng, and S. Chi, "A novel direct detection microwave photonic vector modulation scheme for radio-over-fiber system," IEEE photon. Technol. Lett. 20, 1106-1108 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Lin, C.-T.

Lin, Y.-M.

Lu, J.

Ma, J.

Mitchell, J. E.

Morant, M.

Nirmalathas, A.

Novak, D.

Ogawa, H.

H. Ogawa, D. Polifko, and S. Bamba, "Millimeter-wave fiber optics systems for personal radio communication," IEEE Trans. Microwave Theory Tech. 40, 2285-2293 (1992).
[CrossRef]

Peng, P. C.

C. T. Lin, S. P. Dai, J. Chen, P. T. Shih, P. C. Peng, and S. Chi, "A novel direct detection microwave photonic vector modulation scheme for radio-over-fiber system," IEEE photon. Technol. Lett. 20, 1106-1108 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Peng, P.-C.

Pi, Y.

Polifko, D.

H. Ogawa, D. Polifko, and S. Bamba, "Millimeter-wave fiber optics systems for personal radio communication," IEEE Trans. Microwave Theory Tech. 40, 2285-2293 (1992).
[CrossRef]

Rao, L.

Sang, X.

Shih, P. T.

J. Chen, C.-T. Lin, P. T. Shih, W.-Jr.  Jiang, S.-P.  Dai, Y.-M.  Lin, P.-C.  Peng, and S. Chi, "Generation of optical millimeter-wave signals and vector formats using an integrated optical I/Q modulator," J. Opt. Netw. 8, 188-200 (2009).
[CrossRef]

C. T. Lin, S. P. Dai, J. Chen, P. T. Shih, P. C. Peng, and S. Chi, "A novel direct detection microwave photonic vector modulation scheme for radio-over-fiber system," IEEE photon. Technol. Lett. 20, 1106-1108 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Stöhr, A.

Wang, K.

Wang, T

J. Yu, Z. Jia, L. Xu, L Chen, T Wang and G Chang, "A DWDM optical mm-wave generation for ROF downstream link using optical phase modulator and optical interleaver," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 18, 1418-1420 (2006).

Wang, T.

J. Yu, M. Huang, Z. Jia, T. Wang, and G. K. Chang, "A novel scheme to generate single-sideband millimeter-wave signals by using low-frequency local oscillator signal," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 20, 478-480 (2008).
[CrossRef]

J. Ma, J. Yu, C. Yu, Z. Jia, X. Sang, Z. Zhou, T. Wang, and G. K. Chang, "Wavelength conversion based on four-wave mixing in high-nonlinear dispersion shifted fiber using a dual-pump configuration," J. Lightwave Technol. 24, 2851-2858 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Waterhouse, R.

Xin, X.

Xu, L.

J. Yu, Z. Jia, L. Xu, L Chen, T Wang and G Chang, "A DWDM optical mm-wave generation for ROF downstream link using optical phase modulator and optical interleaver," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 18, 1418-1420 (2006).

Xu, Z.

Z. Xu, J. Yu, and X. Zhang, "Electroabsorption modulator frequency down-converison for uplink radio-over-fiber," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 20, 1875-1877 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Z. Xu, X. Zhang and J. Yu, "Frequency up-conversion of multiple RF signals using optical carrier suppression for radio over fiber downlinks," Opt Express 15, 16737-16747 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Yu, C.

Yu, J.

Z. Jia, J. Yu, T. Hsuech, A. Chowdhury, H. Chien, J. A. Buck, G. K. Chang, "Multiband Signal Generation and Dispersion-Tolerant Transmission Based on Photonic Frequency Tripling Technology for 60-GHz Radio-Over-Fiber Systems," IEEE Photon Technol. Lett. 20, 1470 - 1472 (2008).
[CrossRef]

M. Huang, J. Yu, Z. Jia, and G. K. Chang, "Simultaneous Generation of Centralized Lightwaves and Double/Single Sideband Optical Millimeter-Wave Requiring Only Low-Frequency Local Oscillator Signals for Radio-Over-Fiber Systems," J. Lightwave Technol. 26, 2653 - 2662 (2008).
[CrossRef]

J. Ma, X. Xin, J. Yu, C. Yu, K. Wang, H. Huang, and L. Rao, "Optical millimeter wave generated by octupling the frequency of the local oscillator," J. Opt. Netw. 7, 837-845 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Z. Xu, J. Yu, and X. Zhang, "Electroabsorption modulator frequency down-converison for uplink radio-over-fiber," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 20, 1875-1877 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Z. Dong, J. Lu, Y. Pi, X. Lei, L. Chen, and J. Yu, "Optical millimeter-wave signal generation and wavelength reuse for upstream connection in radio-over-fiber systems," J. Opt. Netw. 7, 736-741 (2008)
[CrossRef]

J. Yu, M. Huang, Z. Jia, T. Wang, and G. K. Chang, "A novel scheme to generate single-sideband millimeter-wave signals by using low-frequency local oscillator signal," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 20, 478-480 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Z. Xu, X. Zhang and J. Yu, "Frequency up-conversion of multiple RF signals using optical carrier suppression for radio over fiber downlinks," Opt Express 15, 16737-16747 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

J. Yu, Z. Jia, and G. K. Chang, "Optical Millimeter Wave Generation or Up-conversion using External Modulator," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 18, 265-267 (2006).
[CrossRef]

J. Yu, Z. Jia, L. Xu, L Chen, T Wang and G Chang, "A DWDM optical mm-wave generation for ROF downstream link using optical phase modulator and optical interleaver," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 18, 1418-1420 (2006).

J. Ma, J. Yu, C. Yu, Z. Jia, X. Sang, Z. Zhou, T. Wang, and G. K. Chang, "Wavelength conversion based on four-wave mixing in high-nonlinear dispersion shifted fiber using a dual-pump configuration," J. Lightwave Technol. 24, 2851-2858 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Zhang, X.

Z. Xu, J. Yu, and X. Zhang, "Electroabsorption modulator frequency down-converison for uplink radio-over-fiber," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 20, 1875-1877 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Z. Xu, X. Zhang and J. Yu, "Frequency up-conversion of multiple RF signals using optical carrier suppression for radio over fiber downlinks," Opt Express 15, 16737-16747 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Zhou, Z.

Electron. Lett. (1)

A. J. Cooper, "Fiber/radio for the provision of cordless/mobile telephony services in the access network," Electron. Lett. 26, 2054-2056 (1990).
[CrossRef]

IEEE Photon Technol. Lett. (1)

Z. Jia, J. Yu, T. Hsuech, A. Chowdhury, H. Chien, J. A. Buck, G. K. Chang, "Multiband Signal Generation and Dispersion-Tolerant Transmission Based on Photonic Frequency Tripling Technology for 60-GHz Radio-Over-Fiber Systems," IEEE Photon Technol. Lett. 20, 1470 - 1472 (2008).
[CrossRef]

IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. (5)

Z. Xu, J. Yu, and X. Zhang, "Electroabsorption modulator frequency down-converison for uplink radio-over-fiber," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 20, 1875-1877 (2008).
[CrossRef]

C. T. Lin, S. P. Dai, J. Chen, P. T. Shih, P. C. Peng, and S. Chi, "A novel direct detection microwave photonic vector modulation scheme for radio-over-fiber system," IEEE photon. Technol. Lett. 20, 1106-1108 (2008).
[CrossRef]

K. Kitayama and R. Griffin, "Optical downconversion from millimeter-wave to IF band over 50-km-long optical fiber link using an electroabsorption modulator," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 11, 287-289 (1999).
[CrossRef]

J. Yu, Z. Jia, and G. K. Chang, "Optical Millimeter Wave Generation or Up-conversion using External Modulator," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 18, 265-267 (2006).
[CrossRef]

J. Yu, Z. Jia, L. Xu, L Chen, T Wang and G Chang, "A DWDM optical mm-wave generation for ROF downstream link using optical phase modulator and optical interleaver," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 18, 1418-1420 (2006).

J. Yu, M. Huang, Z. Jia, T. Wang, and G. K. Chang, "A novel scheme to generate single-sideband millimeter-wave signals by using low-frequency local oscillator signal," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 20, 478-480 (2008).
[CrossRef]

IEEE Trans. Microwave Theory Tech. (1)

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[CrossRef]

J. Lightwave Technol. (3)

J. Opt. Netw. (5)

Opt Express (1)

Z. Xu, X. Zhang and J. Yu, "Frequency up-conversion of multiple RF signals using optical carrier suppression for radio over fiber downlinks," Opt Express 15, 16737-16747 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Other (2)

H. J. Kim, H. J. Song, J. I. Song, "All-optical frequency up-conversion technique using four-wave mixing in semiconductor optical amplifiers for radio-over-fiber applications," Microwave symposium. 2007 IEEE/MTT-S International, 67-70 (2007).

J. Yu, Z. Jia, Y. K. Yeo, and G. K. Chang, "Spectrally non-inverting wavelength conversion based on FWM in HNL-DSF and its application in label switching optical network," in Proceedings of 25th ECOC, 32 (2005).

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Figures (4)

Fig. 1.
Fig. 1.

The principle of polarization-insensitive all-optical up-conversion for ROF system based on parallel pump FWM in a SOA. FBG: fiber Bragg grating. OC: optical coupler. SOA: semiconductor optical amplifier. TOF: tunable optical filter. IL: interleaver. EA: electrical amplifier. IM: intensity modulator. SSB: single sideband. DSB: double sideband. PD: photo-diode. BER: bit error ratio. RX: receiver.

Fig. 2.
Fig. 2.

Experimental setup and optical spectra for optical signal up-conversion. FBG: fiber Bragg grating. OC: optical coupler. SOA: semiconductor optical amplifier. TOF: tunable optical filter. EA: electrical amplifier. IM: intensity modulator. SSB: single sideband. DSB: double sideband. PD: photo-diode. BER: bit error ratio. EDFA: erbium-doped optical fiber amplifier.

Fig. 3.
Fig. 3.

Eye diagrams of the 40GHz optical millimeter wave signal, (a) Downstream signals before transmission (b) Downstream signal after transmission over 20km SMF-28.

Fig. 4.
Fig. 4.

BER curves. (a) Eye diagram of down-converted electrical signal before transmission. (b) Eye diagram of down-converted electrical signal after transmission over 20km SSMF-28.

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