Abstract

Recently, there is a great interest in pushing communication technologies to 100 Gb/s. However, there are still many challenges to perform high speed (> 40 Gb/s) clock and data recovery, and data time-division-multiplexing (TDM). Here, we propose and numerically analyze an asynchronous optical packet retimer using parabolic or sinusoidal phase modulation and linear dispersion. This scheme is named pulse position locking (PPL). Numerical simulation shows that this scheme can effectively resynchronize input signals with arbitrary delays to the local clock, and reduce input jitter. The scheme can also be applied to TDM 10 Gb/s and 40 Gb/s signals to over 100 Gb/s.

© 2009 Optical Society of America

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References

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  1. P. J. Winzer, G. Raybon, and M. Duelk, "107-Gb/s optical ETDM transmitter for 100G Ethernet transport," Proc. of ECOC, Glasgow, U.K., 2005, Postdeadline paper Th4.1.1.
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  4. "IEEE802.3 Higher Speed Study Group," http://grouper.ieee.org/groups/802/3/10G_study/public/index.html
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    [CrossRef]
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    [CrossRef]
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    [CrossRef]
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    [CrossRef]
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    [CrossRef]
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    [CrossRef]
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    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  13. P. Vorreau, D. Hillerkuss, F. Parmigiani, S. Sygletos, R. Bonk, P. Petropoulos, D. Richardson, G. Zarris, D. Simeonidou, D. Klonidis, I. Tomkos, R. Weerasuriya, S. Ibrahim, A. D. Ellis, R. Morais, P. Monteiro, S. Ben Ezra, S. Tsadka, W. Freude, and J. Leuthold, "2R/3R optical grooming switch with time slot interchange," Proc ECOC’08, Brussels, Belgium, Post Deadline Paper Th.3.F.4, (2008).

2008

2006

F. Parmigiani, P. Petropoulos, M. Ibsen, and D. J. Richardson, "Pulse retiming based on XPM using parabolic pulses formed in a fiber Bragg grating," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 18, 829-831 (2006).
[CrossRef]

2004

J. A. Harrison, K. J. Blow, and A. J. Poustie, "All-optical bit-level retiming and jitter suppression," Opt. Commun. 240, 221-226 (2004).
[CrossRef]

1999

I. D. Phillips, P. Gunning, A. D. Ellis, J. K. Lucek, D. G. Moodie, A. E. Kelly, and D. Cotter, "10-Gb/s asynchronous digital optical regeneratior," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 11, 892-894 (1999).
[CrossRef]

1998

1994

T. Widdowson, D. J. Malyon, A. D. Ellis, K. Smith, and K. J. Blow, "Soliton shepherding: All-optical active soliton control over global distances," Electron. Lett. 30, 990-991 (1994).
[CrossRef]

1993

N. J. Smith, K. J. Blow, W. J. Firth, and K. Smith, "Soliton dynamics in the presence of phase modulators," Opt. Commun. 102, 324-328 (1993).
[CrossRef]

1989

Blow, K. J.

J. A. Harrison, K. J. Blow, and A. J. Poustie, "All-optical bit-level retiming and jitter suppression," Opt. Commun. 240, 221-226 (2004).
[CrossRef]

T. Widdowson, D. J. Malyon, A. D. Ellis, K. Smith, and K. J. Blow, "Soliton shepherding: All-optical active soliton control over global distances," Electron. Lett. 30, 990-991 (1994).
[CrossRef]

N. J. Smith, K. J. Blow, W. J. Firth, and K. Smith, "Soliton dynamics in the presence of phase modulators," Opt. Commun. 102, 324-328 (1993).
[CrossRef]

Bonk, R.

Chow, C. W.

Cotter, D.

Ellis, A. D.

A. D. Ellis, D. Cotter, S. Ibrahim, R. Weerasuriya, C. W. Chow, J. Leuthold, W. Freude, S. Sygletos, P. Vorreau, R. Bonk, D. Hillerkuss, I. Tomkos, A. Tzanakaki, C. Kouloumentas, D. J. Richardson, P. Petropoulos, F. Parmigiani, G. Zarris, and D. Simeonidou, "Optical interconnection of core and metro networks," J. Opt. Netw. 7, 928-935 (2008).
[CrossRef]

I. D. Phillips, P. Gunning, A. D. Ellis, J. K. Lucek, D. G. Moodie, A. E. Kelly, and D. Cotter, "10-Gb/s asynchronous digital optical regeneratior," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 11, 892-894 (1999).
[CrossRef]

D. Cotter and A. D. Ellis, "Asynchronous digital optical regeneration and networks," J. Lightwave Technol. 16, 2068-2080 (1998)
[CrossRef]

T. Widdowson, D. J. Malyon, A. D. Ellis, K. Smith, and K. J. Blow, "Soliton shepherding: All-optical active soliton control over global distances," Electron. Lett. 30, 990-991 (1994).
[CrossRef]

Firth, W. J.

N. J. Smith, K. J. Blow, W. J. Firth, and K. Smith, "Soliton dynamics in the presence of phase modulators," Opt. Commun. 102, 324-328 (1993).
[CrossRef]

Freude, W.

Gunning, P.

I. D. Phillips, P. Gunning, A. D. Ellis, J. K. Lucek, D. G. Moodie, A. E. Kelly, and D. Cotter, "10-Gb/s asynchronous digital optical regeneratior," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 11, 892-894 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Harrison, J. A.

J. A. Harrison, K. J. Blow, and A. J. Poustie, "All-optical bit-level retiming and jitter suppression," Opt. Commun. 240, 221-226 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Hillerkuss, D.

Ibrahim, S.

Ibsen, M.

F. Parmigiani, P. Petropoulos, M. Ibsen, and D. J. Richardson, "Pulse retiming based on XPM using parabolic pulses formed in a fiber Bragg grating," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 18, 829-831 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Kelly, A. E.

I. D. Phillips, P. Gunning, A. D. Ellis, J. K. Lucek, D. G. Moodie, A. E. Kelly, and D. Cotter, "10-Gb/s asynchronous digital optical regeneratior," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 11, 892-894 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Kolner, B. H.

Kouloumentas, C.

Leuthold, J.

Lucek, J. K.

I. D. Phillips, P. Gunning, A. D. Ellis, J. K. Lucek, D. G. Moodie, A. E. Kelly, and D. Cotter, "10-Gb/s asynchronous digital optical regeneratior," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 11, 892-894 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Malyon, D. J.

T. Widdowson, D. J. Malyon, A. D. Ellis, K. Smith, and K. J. Blow, "Soliton shepherding: All-optical active soliton control over global distances," Electron. Lett. 30, 990-991 (1994).
[CrossRef]

Moodie, D. G.

I. D. Phillips, P. Gunning, A. D. Ellis, J. K. Lucek, D. G. Moodie, A. E. Kelly, and D. Cotter, "10-Gb/s asynchronous digital optical regeneratior," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 11, 892-894 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Nazarathy, M.

Parmigiani, F.

Petropoulos, P.

Phillips, I. D.

I. D. Phillips, P. Gunning, A. D. Ellis, J. K. Lucek, D. G. Moodie, A. E. Kelly, and D. Cotter, "10-Gb/s asynchronous digital optical regeneratior," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 11, 892-894 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Poustie, A. J.

J. A. Harrison, K. J. Blow, and A. J. Poustie, "All-optical bit-level retiming and jitter suppression," Opt. Commun. 240, 221-226 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Richardson, D. J.

Simeonidou, D.

Smith, K.

T. Widdowson, D. J. Malyon, A. D. Ellis, K. Smith, and K. J. Blow, "Soliton shepherding: All-optical active soliton control over global distances," Electron. Lett. 30, 990-991 (1994).
[CrossRef]

N. J. Smith, K. J. Blow, W. J. Firth, and K. Smith, "Soliton dynamics in the presence of phase modulators," Opt. Commun. 102, 324-328 (1993).
[CrossRef]

Smith, N. J.

N. J. Smith, K. J. Blow, W. J. Firth, and K. Smith, "Soliton dynamics in the presence of phase modulators," Opt. Commun. 102, 324-328 (1993).
[CrossRef]

Sygletos, S.

Tomkos, I.

Tzanakaki, A.

Vorreau, P.

Weerasuriya, R.

Widdowson, T.

T. Widdowson, D. J. Malyon, A. D. Ellis, K. Smith, and K. J. Blow, "Soliton shepherding: All-optical active soliton control over global distances," Electron. Lett. 30, 990-991 (1994).
[CrossRef]

Zarris, G.

Electron. Lett.

T. Widdowson, D. J. Malyon, A. D. Ellis, K. Smith, and K. J. Blow, "Soliton shepherding: All-optical active soliton control over global distances," Electron. Lett. 30, 990-991 (1994).
[CrossRef]

IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett.

F. Parmigiani, P. Petropoulos, M. Ibsen, and D. J. Richardson, "Pulse retiming based on XPM using parabolic pulses formed in a fiber Bragg grating," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 18, 829-831 (2006).
[CrossRef]

I. D. Phillips, P. Gunning, A. D. Ellis, J. K. Lucek, D. G. Moodie, A. E. Kelly, and D. Cotter, "10-Gb/s asynchronous digital optical regeneratior," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 11, 892-894 (1999).
[CrossRef]

J. Lightwave Technol.

J. Opt. Netw.

Opt. Commun.

N. J. Smith, K. J. Blow, W. J. Firth, and K. Smith, "Soliton dynamics in the presence of phase modulators," Opt. Commun. 102, 324-328 (1993).
[CrossRef]

J. A. Harrison, K. J. Blow, and A. J. Poustie, "All-optical bit-level retiming and jitter suppression," Opt. Commun. 240, 221-226 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Opt. Lett.

Other

P. Vorreau, D. Hillerkuss, F. Parmigiani, S. Sygletos, R. Bonk, P. Petropoulos, D. Richardson, G. Zarris, D. Simeonidou, D. Klonidis, I. Tomkos, R. Weerasuriya, S. Ibrahim, A. D. Ellis, R. Morais, P. Monteiro, S. Ben Ezra, S. Tsadka, W. Freude, and J. Leuthold, "2R/3R optical grooming switch with time slot interchange," Proc ECOC’08, Brussels, Belgium, Post Deadline Paper Th.3.F.4, (2008).

P. J. Winzer, G. Raybon, and M. Duelk, "107-Gb/s optical ETDM transmitter for 100G Ethernet transport," Proc. of ECOC, Glasgow, U.K., 2005, Postdeadline paper Th4.1.1.

M. Daikoku, I. Morita, H. Taga, H. Tanaka, T. Kawanishi, T. Sakamoto, T. Miyazaki, and T. Fujita, "100 Gb/s DQPSK transmission experiment without OTDM for 100G Ethernet transport," Proc. of OFC, Anaheim, USA, 2006, Postdeadline Paper PDP36.

C. W. Chow and A. D. Ellis, "Serial OTDM for 100 Gb/s Ethernet applications," Proc. of CLEO, Long Beach, USA, 2006, Postdeadline Paper, CPDB6.

"IEEE802.3 Higher Speed Study Group," http://grouper.ieee.org/groups/802/3/10G_study/public/index.html

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Figures (5)

Fig. 1.
Fig. 1.

Schematic of TDM 10GbE and 40GbE data from local servers to 100GbE data to remote servers.

Fig. 2.
Fig. 2.

Setup of PPL scheme. PM: phase modulator, SMF: single mode fiber, OBPF: optical bandpass filter.

Fig. 3.
Fig. 3.

Optical power and EOP of the PPL retiming unit at relative delay between input signal and local clock at 40 GHz, driven by (a) parabolic and (b) sinusoidal signals.

Fig. 4.
Fig. 4.

Schematic timing diagrams of (a) phase shift and (b) wavelength shift in parabolic driving; (c) phase shift and (d) wavelength shift in sinusoidal driving. Incoming pulses will be time aligned after passing through the SMF.

Fig. 5.
Fig. 5.

Jitter improvement versus input rms timing jitter. Inset: 40Gbit/s eye diagrams of (a) input, output at (b) best and (c) worst delay when input jitter 10.25ps rms.

Equations (3)

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Δ φ = π ( T / 2 ) 2 t 2
Δ λ = λ 2 c ( T / 2 ) 2 t
D L = c ( T / 2 ) 2 λ 2

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