Abstract

A compact planar channel four-port drop filter is developed experimentally and theoretically in the three-dimensional woodpile photonic crystal having a complete band gap. This consists of two waveguides separated by a defect in a single layer of the photonic crystal. Frequencies for channel dropping can be tuned throughout the band gap, by changing the size of the defect. Quality factors of ~1000 were measured. Simulations demonstrate directional energy transfer between the input and out put waveguides, through excitation of fields in the defect region. The planar nature of the filter is much more amenable to fabrication at optical length wavelengths.

© 2009 Optical Society of America

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    [CrossRef]
  4. P. Kohli, J. Chatterton, D. Stieler, G. Tuttle, M. Li, X. Hu, Z. Ye, and K. M. Ho, "Fine tuning resonant frequencies for a single cavity defect in three-dimensional layer-by-layer photonic crystal," Opt. Express 16, 19844-19849 (2008).
    [CrossRef]
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    [CrossRef]
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2008

2006

H. Ren, C. Jiang, W. Hu, M. Gao, and J. Wang, "Photonic crystal channel drop filter with a wavelength-selective reflection micro-cavity," Opt. Express 14, 2446-2458 (2006).
[CrossRef]

P. Kohli, C. Christensen, J. Muehlmeier, R. Biswas, G. Tuttle, and K.M. Ho, "Add-drop filters in three-dimensional layer-by-layer photonic crystals using waveguides and resonant cavities," Appl. Phys. Lett. 89, 0231103-0231106 (2006).
[CrossRef]

2005

2004

C. Sell, C. Christensen, J. Muehlmeier, G. Tuttle, Z. Y. Li, and K. M. Ho, "Waveguide networks in three-dimensional layer-by-layer photonic crystals," Appl. Phys. Lett. 84, 4605-4607 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Y. F. Chau, T. J. Yang, and W. D. Lee, "Coupling technique for efficient interfacing between silica waveguides and planer photonic crystal circuits," Appl. Opt. 43, 6656 (2004).
[CrossRef]

2003

G. Subramania, S.Y. Lin, J. R. Wendt, and J. M. Rivera, "Tuning the microcavity resonant wavelength in a two-dimensional photonic crystal by modifying the cavity geometry," Appl. Phys. Lett. 83, 4491-4494 (2003).
[CrossRef]

A. Martinez, J. Martí, J. Bravo-Abad, and J. Sanchez-Dehesa, "Wavelength demultiplexing structure based on coupled-cavity waveguides in photonic crystals," Fiber Integr. Opt. 22, 151-160 (2003).

M. Okano, S. Kako, and S. Noda, "Coupling between a point-defect and a line-defect waveguide in three-dimensional photonic crystal," Phys. Rev. B. 68, 235110 (2003).
[CrossRef]

M. Bayindir and E. Ozbay, "Dropping of electromagnetic waves through localized modes in three-dimensional photonic band gap structures," Appl. Phys. Lett. 81, 4514-4516 (2003).
[CrossRef]

C. Sell, C. Christensen, G. Tuttle, Z. Y. Li, and K. M. Ho, "Propagation loss in three-dimensional photonic crystal waveguides with imperfect confinement," Phys. Rev. B 68, 113106 (2003).
[CrossRef]

2002

M. Imada, S. Noda, A. Chutinan, M. Mochizuki, and T. Tanaka, "Channel drop filter using a single defect in a 2-D photonic crystal slab waveguide," J. Lightwave Technol. 20, 873-878 (2002).
[CrossRef]

2001

Z.Y. Li and K. M. Ho, "Waveguides in 3-dimensional layer-by-layer photonic crystals," J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 5, 801 (2001).

2000

S. Noda, A. Chutinan, and S. Noda, "Design for waveguides in 3-dimensional photonic crystals," Jpn. J. Appl. Phys. 39, 2353 (2000).
[CrossRef]

1999

C. Manolatou, M. J. Khan, S. Fan, P. R. Villeneuve, H. A. Haus, and J. D. Joannopoulos, "Coupling of modes analysis of resonant channel add-drop filters," IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 35, 1322 (1999).
[CrossRef]

1994

E. Ozbay, A. Abeyta, G. Tuttle, M. Tringides, R. Biswas, C. M. Soukoulis, C. T. Chan, and K. M. Ho, "Measurement of a three-dimensional photonic band gap in a crystal structure made of dielectric rods," Phys. Rev. B 50, 1945-1948 (1994).
[CrossRef]

1987

E. Yablonovich, "Inhibited spontaneous emission in solid-state physics and electronics," Phys. Rev. Lett. 58, 2059-2062 (1987).
[CrossRef]

Abeyta, A.

E. Ozbay, A. Abeyta, G. Tuttle, M. Tringides, R. Biswas, C. M. Soukoulis, C. T. Chan, and K. M. Ho, "Measurement of a three-dimensional photonic band gap in a crystal structure made of dielectric rods," Phys. Rev. B 50, 1945-1948 (1994).
[CrossRef]

Bayindir, M.

M. Bayindir and E. Ozbay, "Dropping of electromagnetic waves through localized modes in three-dimensional photonic band gap structures," Appl. Phys. Lett. 81, 4514-4516 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Biswas, R.

P. Kohli, C. Christensen, J. Muehlmeier, R. Biswas, G. Tuttle, and K.M. Ho, "Add-drop filters in three-dimensional layer-by-layer photonic crystals using waveguides and resonant cavities," Appl. Phys. Lett. 89, 0231103-0231106 (2006).
[CrossRef]

E. Ozbay, A. Abeyta, G. Tuttle, M. Tringides, R. Biswas, C. M. Soukoulis, C. T. Chan, and K. M. Ho, "Measurement of a three-dimensional photonic band gap in a crystal structure made of dielectric rods," Phys. Rev. B 50, 1945-1948 (1994).
[CrossRef]

Bravo-Abad, J.

A. Martinez, J. Martí, J. Bravo-Abad, and J. Sanchez-Dehesa, "Wavelength demultiplexing structure based on coupled-cavity waveguides in photonic crystals," Fiber Integr. Opt. 22, 151-160 (2003).

Chan, C. T.

E. Ozbay, A. Abeyta, G. Tuttle, M. Tringides, R. Biswas, C. M. Soukoulis, C. T. Chan, and K. M. Ho, "Measurement of a three-dimensional photonic band gap in a crystal structure made of dielectric rods," Phys. Rev. B 50, 1945-1948 (1994).
[CrossRef]

Chatterton, J.

Chau, Y. F.

Cheng, B.-Y.

R.-J. Liu, Z.-Y. Li, Z.-F. Feng, B.-Y. Cheng, and D.-Z. Zhang, "Channel-drop filters in three-dimensional woodpile photonic crystals," J. Appl. Phys. 103, 094514 (2008)
[CrossRef]

Chong, M. H.

Christensen, C.

P. Kohli, C. Christensen, J. Muehlmeier, R. Biswas, G. Tuttle, and K.M. Ho, "Add-drop filters in three-dimensional layer-by-layer photonic crystals using waveguides and resonant cavities," Appl. Phys. Lett. 89, 0231103-0231106 (2006).
[CrossRef]

C. Sell, C. Christensen, J. Muehlmeier, G. Tuttle, Z. Y. Li, and K. M. Ho, "Waveguide networks in three-dimensional layer-by-layer photonic crystals," Appl. Phys. Lett. 84, 4605-4607 (2004).
[CrossRef]

C. Sell, C. Christensen, G. Tuttle, Z. Y. Li, and K. M. Ho, "Propagation loss in three-dimensional photonic crystal waveguides with imperfect confinement," Phys. Rev. B 68, 113106 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Chutinan, A.

M. Imada, S. Noda, A. Chutinan, M. Mochizuki, and T. Tanaka, "Channel drop filter using a single defect in a 2-D photonic crystal slab waveguide," J. Lightwave Technol. 20, 873-878 (2002).
[CrossRef]

S. Noda, A. Chutinan, and S. Noda, "Design for waveguides in 3-dimensional photonic crystals," Jpn. J. Appl. Phys. 39, 2353 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Day, S.

De La Rue, R. M.

Drouard, E.

Fan, S.

C. Manolatou, M. J. Khan, S. Fan, P. R. Villeneuve, H. A. Haus, and J. D. Joannopoulos, "Coupling of modes analysis of resonant channel add-drop filters," IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 35, 1322 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Feng, Z.-F.

R.-J. Liu, Z.-Y. Li, Z.-F. Feng, B.-Y. Cheng, and D.-Z. Zhang, "Channel-drop filters in three-dimensional woodpile photonic crystals," J. Appl. Phys. 103, 094514 (2008)
[CrossRef]

Gallagher, D.

Gao, M.

Grillet, C.

Hattori, H.

Haus, H. A.

C. Manolatou, M. J. Khan, S. Fan, P. R. Villeneuve, H. A. Haus, and J. D. Joannopoulos, "Coupling of modes analysis of resonant channel add-drop filters," IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 35, 1322 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Ho, K. M.

P. Kohli, J. Chatterton, D. Stieler, G. Tuttle, M. Li, X. Hu, Z. Ye, and K. M. Ho, "Fine tuning resonant frequencies for a single cavity defect in three-dimensional layer-by-layer photonic crystal," Opt. Express 16, 19844-19849 (2008).
[CrossRef]

C. Sell, C. Christensen, J. Muehlmeier, G. Tuttle, Z. Y. Li, and K. M. Ho, "Waveguide networks in three-dimensional layer-by-layer photonic crystals," Appl. Phys. Lett. 84, 4605-4607 (2004).
[CrossRef]

C. Sell, C. Christensen, G. Tuttle, Z. Y. Li, and K. M. Ho, "Propagation loss in three-dimensional photonic crystal waveguides with imperfect confinement," Phys. Rev. B 68, 113106 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Z.Y. Li and K. M. Ho, "Waveguides in 3-dimensional layer-by-layer photonic crystals," J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 5, 801 (2001).

E. Ozbay, A. Abeyta, G. Tuttle, M. Tringides, R. Biswas, C. M. Soukoulis, C. T. Chan, and K. M. Ho, "Measurement of a three-dimensional photonic band gap in a crystal structure made of dielectric rods," Phys. Rev. B 50, 1945-1948 (1994).
[CrossRef]

Ho, K.M.

P. Kohli, C. Christensen, J. Muehlmeier, R. Biswas, G. Tuttle, and K.M. Ho, "Add-drop filters in three-dimensional layer-by-layer photonic crystals using waveguides and resonant cavities," Appl. Phys. Lett. 89, 0231103-0231106 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Hu, W.

Hu, X.

Imada, M.

M. Imada, S. Noda, A. Chutinan, M. Mochizuki, and T. Tanaka, "Channel drop filter using a single defect in a 2-D photonic crystal slab waveguide," J. Lightwave Technol. 20, 873-878 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Jiang, C.

Jin, C.

Joannopoulos, J. D.

C. Manolatou, M. J. Khan, S. Fan, P. R. Villeneuve, H. A. Haus, and J. D. Joannopoulos, "Coupling of modes analysis of resonant channel add-drop filters," IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 35, 1322 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Johnson, N. P.

Jugessur, A. S.

Kako, S.

M. Okano, S. Kako, and S. Noda, "Coupling between a point-defect and a line-defect waveguide in three-dimensional photonic crystal," Phys. Rev. B. 68, 235110 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Kazmierczak, A.

Khan, M. J.

C. Manolatou, M. J. Khan, S. Fan, P. R. Villeneuve, H. A. Haus, and J. D. Joannopoulos, "Coupling of modes analysis of resonant channel add-drop filters," IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 35, 1322 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Kohli, P.

P. Kohli, J. Chatterton, D. Stieler, G. Tuttle, M. Li, X. Hu, Z. Ye, and K. M. Ho, "Fine tuning resonant frequencies for a single cavity defect in three-dimensional layer-by-layer photonic crystal," Opt. Express 16, 19844-19849 (2008).
[CrossRef]

P. Kohli, C. Christensen, J. Muehlmeier, R. Biswas, G. Tuttle, and K.M. Ho, "Add-drop filters in three-dimensional layer-by-layer photonic crystals using waveguides and resonant cavities," Appl. Phys. Lett. 89, 0231103-0231106 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Lee, W. D.

Letartre, X.

Li, M.

Li, Z. Y.

C. Sell, C. Christensen, J. Muehlmeier, G. Tuttle, Z. Y. Li, and K. M. Ho, "Waveguide networks in three-dimensional layer-by-layer photonic crystals," Appl. Phys. Lett. 84, 4605-4607 (2004).
[CrossRef]

C. Sell, C. Christensen, G. Tuttle, Z. Y. Li, and K. M. Ho, "Propagation loss in three-dimensional photonic crystal waveguides with imperfect confinement," Phys. Rev. B 68, 113106 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Li, Z.Y.

Z.Y. Li and K. M. Ho, "Waveguides in 3-dimensional layer-by-layer photonic crystals," J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 5, 801 (2001).

Li, Z.-Y.

R.-J. Liu, Z.-Y. Li, Z.-F. Feng, B.-Y. Cheng, and D.-Z. Zhang, "Channel-drop filters in three-dimensional woodpile photonic crystals," J. Appl. Phys. 103, 094514 (2008)
[CrossRef]

Lin, S.Y.

G. Subramania, S.Y. Lin, J. R. Wendt, and J. M. Rivera, "Tuning the microcavity resonant wavelength in a two-dimensional photonic crystal by modifying the cavity geometry," Appl. Phys. Lett. 83, 4491-4494 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Liu, R.-J.

R.-J. Liu, Z.-Y. Li, Z.-F. Feng, B.-Y. Cheng, and D.-Z. Zhang, "Channel-drop filters in three-dimensional woodpile photonic crystals," J. Appl. Phys. 103, 094514 (2008)
[CrossRef]

Manolatou, C.

C. Manolatou, M. J. Khan, S. Fan, P. R. Villeneuve, H. A. Haus, and J. D. Joannopoulos, "Coupling of modes analysis of resonant channel add-drop filters," IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 35, 1322 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Martí, J.

A. Martinez, J. Martí, J. Bravo-Abad, and J. Sanchez-Dehesa, "Wavelength demultiplexing structure based on coupled-cavity waveguides in photonic crystals," Fiber Integr. Opt. 22, 151-160 (2003).

Martinez, A.

A. Martinez, J. Martí, J. Bravo-Abad, and J. Sanchez-Dehesa, "Wavelength demultiplexing structure based on coupled-cavity waveguides in photonic crystals," Fiber Integr. Opt. 22, 151-160 (2003).

Mochizuki, M.

M. Imada, S. Noda, A. Chutinan, M. Mochizuki, and T. Tanaka, "Channel drop filter using a single defect in a 2-D photonic crystal slab waveguide," J. Lightwave Technol. 20, 873-878 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Muehlmeier, J.

P. Kohli, C. Christensen, J. Muehlmeier, R. Biswas, G. Tuttle, and K.M. Ho, "Add-drop filters in three-dimensional layer-by-layer photonic crystals using waveguides and resonant cavities," Appl. Phys. Lett. 89, 0231103-0231106 (2006).
[CrossRef]

C. Sell, C. Christensen, J. Muehlmeier, G. Tuttle, Z. Y. Li, and K. M. Ho, "Waveguide networks in three-dimensional layer-by-layer photonic crystals," Appl. Phys. Lett. 84, 4605-4607 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Noda, S.

M. Okano, S. Kako, and S. Noda, "Coupling between a point-defect and a line-defect waveguide in three-dimensional photonic crystal," Phys. Rev. B. 68, 235110 (2003).
[CrossRef]

M. Imada, S. Noda, A. Chutinan, M. Mochizuki, and T. Tanaka, "Channel drop filter using a single defect in a 2-D photonic crystal slab waveguide," J. Lightwave Technol. 20, 873-878 (2002).
[CrossRef]

S. Noda, A. Chutinan, and S. Noda, "Design for waveguides in 3-dimensional photonic crystals," Jpn. J. Appl. Phys. 39, 2353 (2000).
[CrossRef]

S. Noda, A. Chutinan, and S. Noda, "Design for waveguides in 3-dimensional photonic crystals," Jpn. J. Appl. Phys. 39, 2353 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Okano, M.

M. Okano, S. Kako, and S. Noda, "Coupling between a point-defect and a line-defect waveguide in three-dimensional photonic crystal," Phys. Rev. B. 68, 235110 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Ozbay, E.

M. Bayindir and E. Ozbay, "Dropping of electromagnetic waves through localized modes in three-dimensional photonic band gap structures," Appl. Phys. Lett. 81, 4514-4516 (2003).
[CrossRef]

E. Ozbay, A. Abeyta, G. Tuttle, M. Tringides, R. Biswas, C. M. Soukoulis, C. T. Chan, and K. M. Ho, "Measurement of a three-dimensional photonic band gap in a crystal structure made of dielectric rods," Phys. Rev. B 50, 1945-1948 (1994).
[CrossRef]

Ren, H.

Rivera, J. M.

G. Subramania, S.Y. Lin, J. R. Wendt, and J. M. Rivera, "Tuning the microcavity resonant wavelength in a two-dimensional photonic crystal by modifying the cavity geometry," Appl. Phys. Lett. 83, 4491-4494 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Rojo-Romeo, P.

Sanchez-Dehesa, J.

A. Martinez, J. Martí, J. Bravo-Abad, and J. Sanchez-Dehesa, "Wavelength demultiplexing structure based on coupled-cavity waveguides in photonic crystals," Fiber Integr. Opt. 22, 151-160 (2003).

Sell, C.

C. Sell, C. Christensen, J. Muehlmeier, G. Tuttle, Z. Y. Li, and K. M. Ho, "Waveguide networks in three-dimensional layer-by-layer photonic crystals," Appl. Phys. Lett. 84, 4605-4607 (2004).
[CrossRef]

C. Sell, C. Christensen, G. Tuttle, Z. Y. Li, and K. M. Ho, "Propagation loss in three-dimensional photonic crystal waveguides with imperfect confinement," Phys. Rev. B 68, 113106 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Soukoulis, C. M.

E. Ozbay, A. Abeyta, G. Tuttle, M. Tringides, R. Biswas, C. M. Soukoulis, C. T. Chan, and K. M. Ho, "Measurement of a three-dimensional photonic band gap in a crystal structure made of dielectric rods," Phys. Rev. B 50, 1945-1948 (1994).
[CrossRef]

Stieler, D.

Subramania, G.

G. Subramania, S.Y. Lin, J. R. Wendt, and J. M. Rivera, "Tuning the microcavity resonant wavelength in a two-dimensional photonic crystal by modifying the cavity geometry," Appl. Phys. Lett. 83, 4491-4494 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Tanaka, T.

M. Imada, S. Noda, A. Chutinan, M. Mochizuki, and T. Tanaka, "Channel drop filter using a single defect in a 2-D photonic crystal slab waveguide," J. Lightwave Technol. 20, 873-878 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Tringides, M.

E. Ozbay, A. Abeyta, G. Tuttle, M. Tringides, R. Biswas, C. M. Soukoulis, C. T. Chan, and K. M. Ho, "Measurement of a three-dimensional photonic band gap in a crystal structure made of dielectric rods," Phys. Rev. B 50, 1945-1948 (1994).
[CrossRef]

Tuttle, G.

P. Kohli, J. Chatterton, D. Stieler, G. Tuttle, M. Li, X. Hu, Z. Ye, and K. M. Ho, "Fine tuning resonant frequencies for a single cavity defect in three-dimensional layer-by-layer photonic crystal," Opt. Express 16, 19844-19849 (2008).
[CrossRef]

P. Kohli, C. Christensen, J. Muehlmeier, R. Biswas, G. Tuttle, and K.M. Ho, "Add-drop filters in three-dimensional layer-by-layer photonic crystals using waveguides and resonant cavities," Appl. Phys. Lett. 89, 0231103-0231106 (2006).
[CrossRef]

C. Sell, C. Christensen, J. Muehlmeier, G. Tuttle, Z. Y. Li, and K. M. Ho, "Waveguide networks in three-dimensional layer-by-layer photonic crystals," Appl. Phys. Lett. 84, 4605-4607 (2004).
[CrossRef]

C. Sell, C. Christensen, G. Tuttle, Z. Y. Li, and K. M. Ho, "Propagation loss in three-dimensional photonic crystal waveguides with imperfect confinement," Phys. Rev. B 68, 113106 (2003).
[CrossRef]

E. Ozbay, A. Abeyta, G. Tuttle, M. Tringides, R. Biswas, C. M. Soukoulis, C. T. Chan, and K. M. Ho, "Measurement of a three-dimensional photonic band gap in a crystal structure made of dielectric rods," Phys. Rev. B 50, 1945-1948 (1994).
[CrossRef]

Viktorovitch, P.

Villeneuve, P. R.

C. Manolatou, M. J. Khan, S. Fan, P. R. Villeneuve, H. A. Haus, and J. D. Joannopoulos, "Coupling of modes analysis of resonant channel add-drop filters," IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 35, 1322 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Wang, J.

Wendt, J. R.

G. Subramania, S.Y. Lin, J. R. Wendt, and J. M. Rivera, "Tuning the microcavity resonant wavelength in a two-dimensional photonic crystal by modifying the cavity geometry," Appl. Phys. Lett. 83, 4491-4494 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Yablonovich, E.

E. Yablonovich, "Inhibited spontaneous emission in solid-state physics and electronics," Phys. Rev. Lett. 58, 2059-2062 (1987).
[CrossRef]

Yang, T. J.

Ye, Z.

Zhang, D.-Z.

R.-J. Liu, Z.-Y. Li, Z.-F. Feng, B.-Y. Cheng, and D.-Z. Zhang, "Channel-drop filters in three-dimensional woodpile photonic crystals," J. Appl. Phys. 103, 094514 (2008)
[CrossRef]

Appl. Opt.

Appl. Phys. Lett.

C. Sell, C. Christensen, J. Muehlmeier, G. Tuttle, Z. Y. Li, and K. M. Ho, "Waveguide networks in three-dimensional layer-by-layer photonic crystals," Appl. Phys. Lett. 84, 4605-4607 (2004).
[CrossRef]

M. Bayindir and E. Ozbay, "Dropping of electromagnetic waves through localized modes in three-dimensional photonic band gap structures," Appl. Phys. Lett. 81, 4514-4516 (2003).
[CrossRef]

G. Subramania, S.Y. Lin, J. R. Wendt, and J. M. Rivera, "Tuning the microcavity resonant wavelength in a two-dimensional photonic crystal by modifying the cavity geometry," Appl. Phys. Lett. 83, 4491-4494 (2003).
[CrossRef]

P. Kohli, C. Christensen, J. Muehlmeier, R. Biswas, G. Tuttle, and K.M. Ho, "Add-drop filters in three-dimensional layer-by-layer photonic crystals using waveguides and resonant cavities," Appl. Phys. Lett. 89, 0231103-0231106 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Fiber Integr. Opt.

A. Martinez, J. Martí, J. Bravo-Abad, and J. Sanchez-Dehesa, "Wavelength demultiplexing structure based on coupled-cavity waveguides in photonic crystals," Fiber Integr. Opt. 22, 151-160 (2003).

IEEE J. Quantum Electron.

C. Manolatou, M. J. Khan, S. Fan, P. R. Villeneuve, H. A. Haus, and J. D. Joannopoulos, "Coupling of modes analysis of resonant channel add-drop filters," IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 35, 1322 (1999).
[CrossRef]

J. Appl. Phys.

R.-J. Liu, Z.-Y. Li, Z.-F. Feng, B.-Y. Cheng, and D.-Z. Zhang, "Channel-drop filters in three-dimensional woodpile photonic crystals," J. Appl. Phys. 103, 094514 (2008)
[CrossRef]

J. Lightwave Technol.

M. Imada, S. Noda, A. Chutinan, M. Mochizuki, and T. Tanaka, "Channel drop filter using a single defect in a 2-D photonic crystal slab waveguide," J. Lightwave Technol. 20, 873-878 (2002).
[CrossRef]

J. Opt. Soc. Am. B

Z.Y. Li and K. M. Ho, "Waveguides in 3-dimensional layer-by-layer photonic crystals," J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 5, 801 (2001).

Jpn. J. Appl. Phys.

S. Noda, A. Chutinan, and S. Noda, "Design for waveguides in 3-dimensional photonic crystals," Jpn. J. Appl. Phys. 39, 2353 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Opt. Express

Phys. Rev. B

C. Sell, C. Christensen, G. Tuttle, Z. Y. Li, and K. M. Ho, "Propagation loss in three-dimensional photonic crystal waveguides with imperfect confinement," Phys. Rev. B 68, 113106 (2003).
[CrossRef]

E. Ozbay, A. Abeyta, G. Tuttle, M. Tringides, R. Biswas, C. M. Soukoulis, C. T. Chan, and K. M. Ho, "Measurement of a three-dimensional photonic band gap in a crystal structure made of dielectric rods," Phys. Rev. B 50, 1945-1948 (1994).
[CrossRef]

Phys. Rev. B.

M. Okano, S. Kako, and S. Noda, "Coupling between a point-defect and a line-defect waveguide in three-dimensional photonic crystal," Phys. Rev. B. 68, 235110 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Phys. Rev. Lett.

E. Yablonovich, "Inhibited spontaneous emission in solid-state physics and electronics," Phys. Rev. Lett. 58, 2059-2062 (1987).
[CrossRef]

Other

A. Tavlove and S. Hagness, Computational Electromagnetics: The Finite-Difference Time-Domain Method (Artech House, Boston, 1995).

R. J. Liu, Z. F. Feng, and Z. Y. Li, "Channel drop filters in 3D photonic crystal," in Proceedings of IEEE International Symposium on Biophotonics, Nanophotonics and Metamaterials. (Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers, New York, 2006), pp. 398-401.

G. Manzacca, D. Paciotti, A. Marchese, M. S. Moreolo, and G. Cincotti, "2D photonic crystal cavity-based WDM multiplexer," in Proceedings of IEEE International Conference on Transparent Optical Networks. (Institute of Electrical and Electronic Engineers, New York, 2006), 4, pp. 233-236.

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Figures (4)

Fig. 1.
Fig. 1.

Planar channel drop filter with 2 uc of cavity-WG separation.

Fig. 2.
Fig. 2.

Experimentally measured relationship between air cavity size and transfer frequency for (a) 2 uc or (b) 3 uc of cavity-WG separation.

Fig. 3.
Fig. 3.

Experimental spectra showing the response of a planar channel drop filter with 2 uc of cavity-WG separation and a 2 uc air cavity.

Fig. 4.
Fig. 4.

(a). FDTD of the field pattern for a planar channel drop filter with 2 uc of cavity-WG separation and a 2 uc air cavity simulated at a frequency of 12.19 GHz after 3.09 ns (3000 steps). Yellow lines indicate cavity and waveguide positions. (b). FDTD simulations of the frequency dependent transmission and channel dropping.

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