Abstract

Transmission performances of 6,000km RZ-DPSK system using dispersion flattened fiber (DFF) and non-zero dispersion shifted fiber (NZDSF) were theoretically investigated and compared. Both fibers showed similar performance when the repeater output power was small, but the DFF showed superior performance in the higher repeater output power regime. The result shows that the merit of the DFF is fully utilized when the repeater output power is high enough.

© 2009 Optical Society of America

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References

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  1. B. Bakhshi, M. Manna, G. Mohs, D. I. Kovsh, R. L. Lynch, M. Vaa, E. A. Golovchenko, W. W. Patterson, W. T. Anderson, P. Corbett, S. Jiang, M. M. Sanders, H. Li, G. T. Harvey, A. Lucero, and S. M. Abbott, "First dispersion-flattened transpacific undersea system: from design to Terabit/s field trial," J. Lightwave Technol. 22, 233-241 (2004), http://www.opticsinfobase.org/JLT/abstract.cfm?URI=JLT-22-1-233.
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    [CrossRef]
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  4. J.-X. Cai, M. Nissov, W. Anderson, M. Vaa, C. R. Davidson, D. G. Foursa, L. Liu, Y. Cai, A. J. Lucero, W. W. Patterson, P.C. Corbett, A. N. Pilipetskii, and N. S. Bergano, "Long-haul 40 Gb/s RZ-DPSK transmission with long repeater spacing," in Optical Fiber Communication Conference, Technical Digest (CD) (Optical Society of America, 2006), paper OFD3, http://www.opticsinfobase.org/abstract.cfm?URI=OFC-2006-OFD3.
    [CrossRef]
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    [CrossRef]
  6. G. P. Agrawal, Nonlinear Fiber Optics (Fourth Ed.), (Academic Press, San Diego, CA, 2006).
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    [CrossRef]
  8. G. Bosco, A. Carena, V. Curri, R. Gaudino, P. Poggiolini, and S. Benedetto, "Suppression of spurious tones induced by the split-step method in fiber systems simulation," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 12, 489-491 (2000), http://ieeexplore.ieee.org/stamp/stamp.jsp?arnumber=841262&isnumber=18181.
    [CrossRef]
  9. R.-J. Essiambre and P. J. Winzer, "Fibre nonlinearities in electronically pre-distorted transmission," in European Conference of Optical Communication (ECOC), Glasgow, United Kingdom, 2005, paper Tu3.2.2.
    [CrossRef]
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  11. H. Taga, S. Shu, J. Wu, and W. Shih, "A theoretical study of the effect of zero-crossing points within the dispersion map upon a longhaul RZ-DPSK system," Opt. Express 16, 6163-6169 (2008) http://www.opticsinfobase.org/oe/abstract.cfm?URI=oe-16-9-6163.
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  12. H. Taga, S.-S. Shu, J.-Y. Wu, and W.-T. Shih, "A theoretical study of the effect of the dispersion map upon a long-haul RZ-DPSK transmission system," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 19, 2060-2062 (2007), http://ieeexplore.ieee.org/stamp/stamp.jsp?arnumber=4390960&isnumber=4390052.
    [CrossRef]
  13. X. Wei, X. Liu, and C. Xu, "Numerical simulation of the SPM penalty in a 10-Gb/s RZ-DPSK system," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 15, 1636-1638 (2003), http://ieeexplore.ieee.org/stamp/stamp.jsp?arnumber=1237613&isnumber=27767.
    [CrossRef]

2008

2007

H. Taga, S.-S. Shu, J.-Y. Wu, and W.-T. Shih, "A theoretical study of the effect of the dispersion map upon a long-haul RZ-DPSK transmission system," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 19, 2060-2062 (2007), http://ieeexplore.ieee.org/stamp/stamp.jsp?arnumber=4390960&isnumber=4390052.
[CrossRef]

2004

2003

X. Wei, X. Liu, and C. Xu, "Numerical simulation of the SPM penalty in a 10-Gb/s RZ-DPSK system," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 15, 1636-1638 (2003), http://ieeexplore.ieee.org/stamp/stamp.jsp?arnumber=1237613&isnumber=27767.
[CrossRef]

2000

G. Bosco, A. Carena, V. Curri, R. Gaudino, P. Poggiolini, and S. Benedetto, "Suppression of spurious tones induced by the split-step method in fiber systems simulation," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 12, 489-491 (2000), http://ieeexplore.ieee.org/stamp/stamp.jsp?arnumber=841262&isnumber=18181.
[CrossRef]

1987

N. Shibata, R. P. Braun, and R. G. Waarts, "Phase-mismatch dependence of efficiency of wave generation through four-wave mixing in a single-mode optical fiber," IEEE J. Quantum Electron. QE-23, 1205-1210 (1987). http://ieeexplore.ieee.org/stamp/stamp.jsp?arnumber=1073489&isnumber=23108
[CrossRef]

Abbott, S. M.

Anderson, W. T.

Bakhshi, B.

Benedetto, S.

G. Bosco, A. Carena, V. Curri, R. Gaudino, P. Poggiolini, and S. Benedetto, "Suppression of spurious tones induced by the split-step method in fiber systems simulation," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 12, 489-491 (2000), http://ieeexplore.ieee.org/stamp/stamp.jsp?arnumber=841262&isnumber=18181.
[CrossRef]

Bennike, J.

Bosco, G.

G. Bosco, A. Carena, V. Curri, R. Gaudino, P. Poggiolini, and S. Benedetto, "Suppression of spurious tones induced by the split-step method in fiber systems simulation," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 12, 489-491 (2000), http://ieeexplore.ieee.org/stamp/stamp.jsp?arnumber=841262&isnumber=18181.
[CrossRef]

Braun, R. P.

N. Shibata, R. P. Braun, and R. G. Waarts, "Phase-mismatch dependence of efficiency of wave generation through four-wave mixing in a single-mode optical fiber," IEEE J. Quantum Electron. QE-23, 1205-1210 (1987). http://ieeexplore.ieee.org/stamp/stamp.jsp?arnumber=1073489&isnumber=23108
[CrossRef]

Carena, A.

G. Bosco, A. Carena, V. Curri, R. Gaudino, P. Poggiolini, and S. Benedetto, "Suppression of spurious tones induced by the split-step method in fiber systems simulation," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 12, 489-491 (2000), http://ieeexplore.ieee.org/stamp/stamp.jsp?arnumber=841262&isnumber=18181.
[CrossRef]

Corbett, P.

Curri, V.

G. Bosco, A. Carena, V. Curri, R. Gaudino, P. Poggiolini, and S. Benedetto, "Suppression of spurious tones induced by the split-step method in fiber systems simulation," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 12, 489-491 (2000), http://ieeexplore.ieee.org/stamp/stamp.jsp?arnumber=841262&isnumber=18181.
[CrossRef]

Dey, S.

Fjelde, T.

Gaudino, R.

G. Bosco, A. Carena, V. Curri, R. Gaudino, P. Poggiolini, and S. Benedetto, "Suppression of spurious tones induced by the split-step method in fiber systems simulation," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 12, 489-491 (2000), http://ieeexplore.ieee.org/stamp/stamp.jsp?arnumber=841262&isnumber=18181.
[CrossRef]

Golovchenko, E. A.

Harvey, G. T.

Jiang, S.

Kovsh, D. I.

Li, H.

Liu, F.

Liu, X.

X. Wei, X. Liu, and C. Xu, "Numerical simulation of the SPM penalty in a 10-Gb/s RZ-DPSK system," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 15, 1636-1638 (2003), http://ieeexplore.ieee.org/stamp/stamp.jsp?arnumber=1237613&isnumber=27767.
[CrossRef]

Lucero, A.

Lynch, R. L.

Mamyshev, P.

Manna, M.

Mikkelsen, B.

Mohs, G.

Patterson, W. W.

Poggiolini, P.

G. Bosco, A. Carena, V. Curri, R. Gaudino, P. Poggiolini, and S. Benedetto, "Suppression of spurious tones induced by the split-step method in fiber systems simulation," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 12, 489-491 (2000), http://ieeexplore.ieee.org/stamp/stamp.jsp?arnumber=841262&isnumber=18181.
[CrossRef]

Rasmussen, C.

Sanders, M. M.

Serbe, P.

Shibata, N.

N. Shibata, R. P. Braun, and R. G. Waarts, "Phase-mismatch dependence of efficiency of wave generation through four-wave mixing in a single-mode optical fiber," IEEE J. Quantum Electron. QE-23, 1205-1210 (1987). http://ieeexplore.ieee.org/stamp/stamp.jsp?arnumber=1073489&isnumber=23108
[CrossRef]

Shih, W.

Shih, W.-T.

H. Taga, S.-S. Shu, J.-Y. Wu, and W.-T. Shih, "A theoretical study of the effect of the dispersion map upon a long-haul RZ-DPSK transmission system," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 19, 2060-2062 (2007), http://ieeexplore.ieee.org/stamp/stamp.jsp?arnumber=4390960&isnumber=4390052.
[CrossRef]

Shu, S.

Shu, S.-S.

H. Taga, S.-S. Shu, J.-Y. Wu, and W.-T. Shih, "A theoretical study of the effect of the dispersion map upon a long-haul RZ-DPSK transmission system," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 19, 2060-2062 (2007), http://ieeexplore.ieee.org/stamp/stamp.jsp?arnumber=4390960&isnumber=4390052.
[CrossRef]

Taga, H.

H. Taga, S. Shu, J. Wu, and W. Shih, "A theoretical study of the effect of zero-crossing points within the dispersion map upon a longhaul RZ-DPSK system," Opt. Express 16, 6163-6169 (2008) http://www.opticsinfobase.org/oe/abstract.cfm?URI=oe-16-9-6163.
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

H. Taga, S.-S. Shu, J.-Y. Wu, and W.-T. Shih, "A theoretical study of the effect of the dispersion map upon a long-haul RZ-DPSK transmission system," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 19, 2060-2062 (2007), http://ieeexplore.ieee.org/stamp/stamp.jsp?arnumber=4390960&isnumber=4390052.
[CrossRef]

Vaa, M.

Waarts, R. G.

N. Shibata, R. P. Braun, and R. G. Waarts, "Phase-mismatch dependence of efficiency of wave generation through four-wave mixing in a single-mode optical fiber," IEEE J. Quantum Electron. QE-23, 1205-1210 (1987). http://ieeexplore.ieee.org/stamp/stamp.jsp?arnumber=1073489&isnumber=23108
[CrossRef]

Wei, X.

X. Wei, X. Liu, and C. Xu, "Numerical simulation of the SPM penalty in a 10-Gb/s RZ-DPSK system," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 15, 1636-1638 (2003), http://ieeexplore.ieee.org/stamp/stamp.jsp?arnumber=1237613&isnumber=27767.
[CrossRef]

Wu, J.

Wu, J.-Y.

H. Taga, S.-S. Shu, J.-Y. Wu, and W.-T. Shih, "A theoretical study of the effect of the dispersion map upon a long-haul RZ-DPSK transmission system," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 19, 2060-2062 (2007), http://ieeexplore.ieee.org/stamp/stamp.jsp?arnumber=4390960&isnumber=4390052.
[CrossRef]

Xu, C.

X. Wei, X. Liu, and C. Xu, "Numerical simulation of the SPM penalty in a 10-Gb/s RZ-DPSK system," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 15, 1636-1638 (2003), http://ieeexplore.ieee.org/stamp/stamp.jsp?arnumber=1237613&isnumber=27767.
[CrossRef]

IEEE J. Quantum Electron.

N. Shibata, R. P. Braun, and R. G. Waarts, "Phase-mismatch dependence of efficiency of wave generation through four-wave mixing in a single-mode optical fiber," IEEE J. Quantum Electron. QE-23, 1205-1210 (1987). http://ieeexplore.ieee.org/stamp/stamp.jsp?arnumber=1073489&isnumber=23108
[CrossRef]

IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett.

G. Bosco, A. Carena, V. Curri, R. Gaudino, P. Poggiolini, and S. Benedetto, "Suppression of spurious tones induced by the split-step method in fiber systems simulation," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 12, 489-491 (2000), http://ieeexplore.ieee.org/stamp/stamp.jsp?arnumber=841262&isnumber=18181.
[CrossRef]

H. Taga, S.-S. Shu, J.-Y. Wu, and W.-T. Shih, "A theoretical study of the effect of the dispersion map upon a long-haul RZ-DPSK transmission system," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 19, 2060-2062 (2007), http://ieeexplore.ieee.org/stamp/stamp.jsp?arnumber=4390960&isnumber=4390052.
[CrossRef]

X. Wei, X. Liu, and C. Xu, "Numerical simulation of the SPM penalty in a 10-Gb/s RZ-DPSK system," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 15, 1636-1638 (2003), http://ieeexplore.ieee.org/stamp/stamp.jsp?arnumber=1237613&isnumber=27767.
[CrossRef]

J. Lightwave Technol.

Opt. Express

Other

G. P. Agrawal, Nonlinear Fiber Optics (Fourth Ed.), (Academic Press, San Diego, CA, 2006).

Pilipetskii, "High-capacity undersea long-haul systems," IEEE J. of Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 12, 484-496 (2006), http://ieeexplore.ieee.org/stamp/stamp.jsp?arnumber=1668089&isnumber=34924.
[CrossRef]

T. Inoue, K. Ishida, T. Tokura, E. Shibano, H. Taga, K. Shimizu, K. Goto, and K. Motoshima, "150km repeater span transmission experiment over 9,000klm," in European Conference of Optical Communication (ECOC), Stockholm, Sweden, 2004, paper Th4.1.3.

J.-X. Cai, M. Nissov, W. Anderson, M. Vaa, C. R. Davidson, D. G. Foursa, L. Liu, Y. Cai, A. J. Lucero, W. W. Patterson, P.C. Corbett, A. N. Pilipetskii, and N. S. Bergano, "Long-haul 40 Gb/s RZ-DPSK transmission with long repeater spacing," in Optical Fiber Communication Conference, Technical Digest (CD) (Optical Society of America, 2006), paper OFD3, http://www.opticsinfobase.org/abstract.cfm?URI=OFC-2006-OFD3.
[CrossRef]

R.-J. Essiambre and P. J. Winzer, "Fibre nonlinearities in electronically pre-distorted transmission," in European Conference of Optical Communication (ECOC), Glasgow, United Kingdom, 2005, paper Tu3.2.2.
[CrossRef]

http://www.ofsoptics.com/resources/UWOceanFiber-fiber-115.pdf

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Figures (6)

Fig. 1.
Fig. 1.

A schematic diagram of the simulation model.

Fig. 2.
Fig. 2.

Dispersion map of the DFF system and the NZDSF system

Fig. 3.
Fig. 3.

Averaged Q-factor of 96 channels as a function of repeater output power.

Fig. 4.
Fig. 4.

96 channels transmission performance at +14dBm repeater output power.

Fig. 5.
Fig. 5.

96 channels transmission performance at +16dBm repeater output power.

Fig. 6.
Fig. 6.

96 channels transmission performance at optimum repeater output power.

Tables (1)

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Table 1. Parameters of the transmission fiber

Equations (1)

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A j z + i 2 β 2 j 2 A j T 2 β 3 j 6 3 A j T 3 + α j 2 A j = i γ j ( A j 2 + 2 k j A k 2 ) A j

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