Abstract

We design a distributed feedback guided-wave device in liquid crystals, utilizing a simple geometry based on electro-optic molecular reorientation in uniaxial nematics. We numerically test the structure and demonstrate an effective Bragg reflector with voltage-tunable resonance.

© 2009 Optical Society of America

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  1. I. C. Khoo, Liquid Crystals: physical properties and nonlinear optical phenomena (Wiley, New York, 1995).
  2. D. K. Yang and S. T. Wu, Fundamentals of Liquid Crystals (John Wiley & Sons, New York, 2006).
  3. A. d’Alessandro and R. Asquini, "Liquid Crystal Devices for photonic switching applications: State of the Art and future developments," Mol. Cryst. Liq. Cryst. 398, 207-221 (2003).
    [CrossRef]
  4. C.-Y. Liu and L.-W. Chen, "Tunable photonic crystal waveguide coupler with nematic liquid crystals," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 16, 1849-1851 (2004).
    [CrossRef]
  5. R. Asquini, A. Fratalocchi, A. d'Alessandro and G. Assanto, "Electro-optic routing in a nematic liquid crystal waveguide,"Appl. Opt. 44, 4136-4143 (2005).
    [CrossRef]
  6. M. Peccianti, G. Assanto, A. De Luca, C. Umeton and I. C. Khoo, "Electrically Assisted Self-Confinement and Waveguiding in planar Nematic Liquid Crystal cells," Appl. Phys. Lett. 77, 7-9 (2000).
    [CrossRef]
  7. A. Fratalocchi, R. Asquini and G. Assanto, "Integrated electro-optic switch in liquid crystals," Opt. Express 13, 32-37 (2005).
    [CrossRef]
  8. A. d’Alessandro, R. Beccherelli, B. Bellini, I. Manolis, R. Asquini, and D. Donisi, "Integrated Optics Using Smectic and Nematic Liquid Crystals," Ferroel. 344, 247-254 (2006).
    [CrossRef]
  9. A. d’Alessandro, B. Bellini, D. Donisi, R. Beccherelli, and R. Asquini, "Nematic Liquid Crystal Optical Channel Waveguides on Silicon," IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 42, 1084-1090 (2006).
    [CrossRef]
  10. C. Desimpel, J. Beeckman, K. Neyts, S. Verstuyft, D. Van Thourhout, K. D'have and P. Rudquist, "Realization of a Four-Electrode LC Device with In-Plane Rotation," IEEE Trans. Electron Dev. 54, 1295-1300 (2007).
    [CrossRef]
  11. A. Di Falco and G. Assanto, "Tunable wavelength-selective add-drop in Liquid Crystals on Silicon microresonator,"Opt. Commun. 279, 210-213 (2007).
    [CrossRef]
  12. A. Fratalocchi, G. Assanto, K. Brzdąkiewicz and M. A. Karpierz, "Discrete Propagation and Spatial Solitons in Nematic Liquid Crystals," Opt. Lett. 29, 1530-1532 (2004).
    [CrossRef]
  13. A. Fratalocchi and G. Assanto, "Nonlinear All-optical Switch with nematic liquid crystals," Appl. Phys. Lett. 86, 051109 (2005).
    [CrossRef]
  14. A. Fratalocchi, G. Assanto, K. Brzdakiewicz and M. A. Karpierz, "All-optical switching and beam steering in tunable waveguide arrays,"Appl. Phys. Lett. 86, 51112 (2005).
    [CrossRef]
  15. M. Peccianti, A. Dyadyusha, M. Kaczmarek and G. Assanto, "Tunable refraction and reflection of self-confined light beams," Nature Phys. 2, 737-742 (2006).
    [CrossRef]
  16. C. Kamaga, Y. Segawa, S. Tikhodeev and T. Ishihara, "Optical fuse effect in a tunable liquid crystal waveguide with a Cr grating coupler," Appl. Phys. Lett. 91, 173119 (2007).
    [CrossRef]
  17. G. Assanto, A. Fratalocchi and M. Peccianti, "Spatial solitons in nematic liquid crystals: from bulk to discrete," Opt. Express 15, 5248-5259 (2007).
    [CrossRef]
  18. A. Alberucci, G. Assanto, "All-optical isolation by directional coupling," Opt. Lett. 33, 1641-1643 (2008).
    [CrossRef]
  19. L. Sirleto, G. Coppola, G. Breglio, G. Abbate, G. C. Righini, M. J. Oton, "Electro-optical switch and continuously tunable filter based on a Bragg grating in a planar waveguide with a liquid crystal overlayer," Opt. Eng. 41, 2890-2898 (2002).
    [CrossRef]
  20. U. Laudyn, A. Miroshnichenko, W. Krolikowski, D. Chen, Y. Kivshar, and M. Karpierz, "Observation of light-induced reorientation in periodic structures with planar nematic liquid crystal defects," Appl. Phys. Lett. 92, 203304 (2008).
    [CrossRef]
  21. A. d'Alessandro, D. Donisi, R. Beccherelli, R. Asquini, L. De Sio, R. Caputo, and C. Umeton, "Tunable integrated optical filter made of a glass ion-exchanged waveguide and an electro-optic composite holographic grating," Opt. Express 16, 9254-9260 (2008).
    [CrossRef]
  22. A. E. Miroshnichenko, E. Brasselet, and Y. S. Kivshar, "All-optical switching and multistability in photonic structures with liquid crystal defects,"Appl. Phys. Lett. 92, 253306 (2008).
    [CrossRef]
  23. F. C. Frank, "On the theory of Liquid Crystals," Discuss. Faraday Soc. 25, 19-28 (1958).
  24. C. Coutal, A. Azema and J. C. Roustan, "Fabrication and characterization of ITO thin films deposited by excimer laser evaporation," Thin Solid Films 288,248-253 (1996).
    [CrossRef]

2008 (4)

U. Laudyn, A. Miroshnichenko, W. Krolikowski, D. Chen, Y. Kivshar, and M. Karpierz, "Observation of light-induced reorientation in periodic structures with planar nematic liquid crystal defects," Appl. Phys. Lett. 92, 203304 (2008).
[CrossRef]

A. E. Miroshnichenko, E. Brasselet, and Y. S. Kivshar, "All-optical switching and multistability in photonic structures with liquid crystal defects,"Appl. Phys. Lett. 92, 253306 (2008).
[CrossRef]

A. d'Alessandro, D. Donisi, R. Beccherelli, R. Asquini, L. De Sio, R. Caputo, and C. Umeton, "Tunable integrated optical filter made of a glass ion-exchanged waveguide and an electro-optic composite holographic grating," Opt. Express 16, 9254-9260 (2008).
[CrossRef]

A. Alberucci, G. Assanto, "All-optical isolation by directional coupling," Opt. Lett. 33, 1641-1643 (2008).
[CrossRef]

2007 (4)

G. Assanto, A. Fratalocchi and M. Peccianti, "Spatial solitons in nematic liquid crystals: from bulk to discrete," Opt. Express 15, 5248-5259 (2007).
[CrossRef]

C. Kamaga, Y. Segawa, S. Tikhodeev and T. Ishihara, "Optical fuse effect in a tunable liquid crystal waveguide with a Cr grating coupler," Appl. Phys. Lett. 91, 173119 (2007).
[CrossRef]

C. Desimpel, J. Beeckman, K. Neyts, S. Verstuyft, D. Van Thourhout, K. D'have and P. Rudquist, "Realization of a Four-Electrode LC Device with In-Plane Rotation," IEEE Trans. Electron Dev. 54, 1295-1300 (2007).
[CrossRef]

A. Di Falco and G. Assanto, "Tunable wavelength-selective add-drop in Liquid Crystals on Silicon microresonator,"Opt. Commun. 279, 210-213 (2007).
[CrossRef]

2006 (3)

A. d’Alessandro, R. Beccherelli, B. Bellini, I. Manolis, R. Asquini, and D. Donisi, "Integrated Optics Using Smectic and Nematic Liquid Crystals," Ferroel. 344, 247-254 (2006).
[CrossRef]

A. d’Alessandro, B. Bellini, D. Donisi, R. Beccherelli, and R. Asquini, "Nematic Liquid Crystal Optical Channel Waveguides on Silicon," IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 42, 1084-1090 (2006).
[CrossRef]

M. Peccianti, A. Dyadyusha, M. Kaczmarek and G. Assanto, "Tunable refraction and reflection of self-confined light beams," Nature Phys. 2, 737-742 (2006).
[CrossRef]

2005 (4)

A. Fratalocchi and G. Assanto, "Nonlinear All-optical Switch with nematic liquid crystals," Appl. Phys. Lett. 86, 051109 (2005).
[CrossRef]

A. Fratalocchi, G. Assanto, K. Brzdakiewicz and M. A. Karpierz, "All-optical switching and beam steering in tunable waveguide arrays,"Appl. Phys. Lett. 86, 51112 (2005).
[CrossRef]

A. Fratalocchi, R. Asquini and G. Assanto, "Integrated electro-optic switch in liquid crystals," Opt. Express 13, 32-37 (2005).
[CrossRef]

R. Asquini, A. Fratalocchi, A. d'Alessandro and G. Assanto, "Electro-optic routing in a nematic liquid crystal waveguide,"Appl. Opt. 44, 4136-4143 (2005).
[CrossRef]

2004 (2)

C.-Y. Liu and L.-W. Chen, "Tunable photonic crystal waveguide coupler with nematic liquid crystals," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 16, 1849-1851 (2004).
[CrossRef]

A. Fratalocchi, G. Assanto, K. Brzdąkiewicz and M. A. Karpierz, "Discrete Propagation and Spatial Solitons in Nematic Liquid Crystals," Opt. Lett. 29, 1530-1532 (2004).
[CrossRef]

2003 (1)

A. d’Alessandro and R. Asquini, "Liquid Crystal Devices for photonic switching applications: State of the Art and future developments," Mol. Cryst. Liq. Cryst. 398, 207-221 (2003).
[CrossRef]

2002 (1)

L. Sirleto, G. Coppola, G. Breglio, G. Abbate, G. C. Righini, M. J. Oton, "Electro-optical switch and continuously tunable filter based on a Bragg grating in a planar waveguide with a liquid crystal overlayer," Opt. Eng. 41, 2890-2898 (2002).
[CrossRef]

2000 (1)

M. Peccianti, G. Assanto, A. De Luca, C. Umeton and I. C. Khoo, "Electrically Assisted Self-Confinement and Waveguiding in planar Nematic Liquid Crystal cells," Appl. Phys. Lett. 77, 7-9 (2000).
[CrossRef]

1996 (1)

C. Coutal, A. Azema and J. C. Roustan, "Fabrication and characterization of ITO thin films deposited by excimer laser evaporation," Thin Solid Films 288,248-253 (1996).
[CrossRef]

1958 (1)

F. C. Frank, "On the theory of Liquid Crystals," Discuss. Faraday Soc. 25, 19-28 (1958).

Abbate, G.

L. Sirleto, G. Coppola, G. Breglio, G. Abbate, G. C. Righini, M. J. Oton, "Electro-optical switch and continuously tunable filter based on a Bragg grating in a planar waveguide with a liquid crystal overlayer," Opt. Eng. 41, 2890-2898 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Alberucci, A.

Asquini, R.

A. d'Alessandro, D. Donisi, R. Beccherelli, R. Asquini, L. De Sio, R. Caputo, and C. Umeton, "Tunable integrated optical filter made of a glass ion-exchanged waveguide and an electro-optic composite holographic grating," Opt. Express 16, 9254-9260 (2008).
[CrossRef]

A. d’Alessandro, R. Beccherelli, B. Bellini, I. Manolis, R. Asquini, and D. Donisi, "Integrated Optics Using Smectic and Nematic Liquid Crystals," Ferroel. 344, 247-254 (2006).
[CrossRef]

A. d’Alessandro, B. Bellini, D. Donisi, R. Beccherelli, and R. Asquini, "Nematic Liquid Crystal Optical Channel Waveguides on Silicon," IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 42, 1084-1090 (2006).
[CrossRef]

R. Asquini, A. Fratalocchi, A. d'Alessandro and G. Assanto, "Electro-optic routing in a nematic liquid crystal waveguide,"Appl. Opt. 44, 4136-4143 (2005).
[CrossRef]

A. Fratalocchi, R. Asquini and G. Assanto, "Integrated electro-optic switch in liquid crystals," Opt. Express 13, 32-37 (2005).
[CrossRef]

A. d’Alessandro and R. Asquini, "Liquid Crystal Devices for photonic switching applications: State of the Art and future developments," Mol. Cryst. Liq. Cryst. 398, 207-221 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Assanto, G.

A. Alberucci, G. Assanto, "All-optical isolation by directional coupling," Opt. Lett. 33, 1641-1643 (2008).
[CrossRef]

A. Di Falco and G. Assanto, "Tunable wavelength-selective add-drop in Liquid Crystals on Silicon microresonator,"Opt. Commun. 279, 210-213 (2007).
[CrossRef]

G. Assanto, A. Fratalocchi and M. Peccianti, "Spatial solitons in nematic liquid crystals: from bulk to discrete," Opt. Express 15, 5248-5259 (2007).
[CrossRef]

M. Peccianti, A. Dyadyusha, M. Kaczmarek and G. Assanto, "Tunable refraction and reflection of self-confined light beams," Nature Phys. 2, 737-742 (2006).
[CrossRef]

A. Fratalocchi and G. Assanto, "Nonlinear All-optical Switch with nematic liquid crystals," Appl. Phys. Lett. 86, 051109 (2005).
[CrossRef]

R. Asquini, A. Fratalocchi, A. d'Alessandro and G. Assanto, "Electro-optic routing in a nematic liquid crystal waveguide,"Appl. Opt. 44, 4136-4143 (2005).
[CrossRef]

A. Fratalocchi, R. Asquini and G. Assanto, "Integrated electro-optic switch in liquid crystals," Opt. Express 13, 32-37 (2005).
[CrossRef]

A. Fratalocchi, G. Assanto, K. Brzdakiewicz and M. A. Karpierz, "All-optical switching and beam steering in tunable waveguide arrays,"Appl. Phys. Lett. 86, 51112 (2005).
[CrossRef]

A. Fratalocchi, G. Assanto, K. Brzdąkiewicz and M. A. Karpierz, "Discrete Propagation and Spatial Solitons in Nematic Liquid Crystals," Opt. Lett. 29, 1530-1532 (2004).
[CrossRef]

M. Peccianti, G. Assanto, A. De Luca, C. Umeton and I. C. Khoo, "Electrically Assisted Self-Confinement and Waveguiding in planar Nematic Liquid Crystal cells," Appl. Phys. Lett. 77, 7-9 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Azema, A.

C. Coutal, A. Azema and J. C. Roustan, "Fabrication and characterization of ITO thin films deposited by excimer laser evaporation," Thin Solid Films 288,248-253 (1996).
[CrossRef]

Beccherelli, R.

A. d'Alessandro, D. Donisi, R. Beccherelli, R. Asquini, L. De Sio, R. Caputo, and C. Umeton, "Tunable integrated optical filter made of a glass ion-exchanged waveguide and an electro-optic composite holographic grating," Opt. Express 16, 9254-9260 (2008).
[CrossRef]

A. d’Alessandro, R. Beccherelli, B. Bellini, I. Manolis, R. Asquini, and D. Donisi, "Integrated Optics Using Smectic and Nematic Liquid Crystals," Ferroel. 344, 247-254 (2006).
[CrossRef]

A. d’Alessandro, B. Bellini, D. Donisi, R. Beccherelli, and R. Asquini, "Nematic Liquid Crystal Optical Channel Waveguides on Silicon," IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 42, 1084-1090 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Beeckman, J.

C. Desimpel, J. Beeckman, K. Neyts, S. Verstuyft, D. Van Thourhout, K. D'have and P. Rudquist, "Realization of a Four-Electrode LC Device with In-Plane Rotation," IEEE Trans. Electron Dev. 54, 1295-1300 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Bellini, B.

A. d’Alessandro, B. Bellini, D. Donisi, R. Beccherelli, and R. Asquini, "Nematic Liquid Crystal Optical Channel Waveguides on Silicon," IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 42, 1084-1090 (2006).
[CrossRef]

A. d’Alessandro, R. Beccherelli, B. Bellini, I. Manolis, R. Asquini, and D. Donisi, "Integrated Optics Using Smectic and Nematic Liquid Crystals," Ferroel. 344, 247-254 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Brasselet, E.

A. E. Miroshnichenko, E. Brasselet, and Y. S. Kivshar, "All-optical switching and multistability in photonic structures with liquid crystal defects,"Appl. Phys. Lett. 92, 253306 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Breglio, G.

L. Sirleto, G. Coppola, G. Breglio, G. Abbate, G. C. Righini, M. J. Oton, "Electro-optical switch and continuously tunable filter based on a Bragg grating in a planar waveguide with a liquid crystal overlayer," Opt. Eng. 41, 2890-2898 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Brzdakiewicz, K.

A. Fratalocchi, G. Assanto, K. Brzdakiewicz and M. A. Karpierz, "All-optical switching and beam steering in tunable waveguide arrays,"Appl. Phys. Lett. 86, 51112 (2005).
[CrossRef]

A. Fratalocchi, G. Assanto, K. Brzdąkiewicz and M. A. Karpierz, "Discrete Propagation and Spatial Solitons in Nematic Liquid Crystals," Opt. Lett. 29, 1530-1532 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Caputo, R.

Chen, D.

U. Laudyn, A. Miroshnichenko, W. Krolikowski, D. Chen, Y. Kivshar, and M. Karpierz, "Observation of light-induced reorientation in periodic structures with planar nematic liquid crystal defects," Appl. Phys. Lett. 92, 203304 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Chen, L.-W.

C.-Y. Liu and L.-W. Chen, "Tunable photonic crystal waveguide coupler with nematic liquid crystals," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 16, 1849-1851 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Coppola, G.

L. Sirleto, G. Coppola, G. Breglio, G. Abbate, G. C. Righini, M. J. Oton, "Electro-optical switch and continuously tunable filter based on a Bragg grating in a planar waveguide with a liquid crystal overlayer," Opt. Eng. 41, 2890-2898 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Coutal, C.

C. Coutal, A. Azema and J. C. Roustan, "Fabrication and characterization of ITO thin films deposited by excimer laser evaporation," Thin Solid Films 288,248-253 (1996).
[CrossRef]

d’Alessandro, A.

A. d’Alessandro, R. Beccherelli, B. Bellini, I. Manolis, R. Asquini, and D. Donisi, "Integrated Optics Using Smectic and Nematic Liquid Crystals," Ferroel. 344, 247-254 (2006).
[CrossRef]

A. d’Alessandro, B. Bellini, D. Donisi, R. Beccherelli, and R. Asquini, "Nematic Liquid Crystal Optical Channel Waveguides on Silicon," IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 42, 1084-1090 (2006).
[CrossRef]

A. d’Alessandro and R. Asquini, "Liquid Crystal Devices for photonic switching applications: State of the Art and future developments," Mol. Cryst. Liq. Cryst. 398, 207-221 (2003).
[CrossRef]

d'Alessandro, A.

De Luca, A.

M. Peccianti, G. Assanto, A. De Luca, C. Umeton and I. C. Khoo, "Electrically Assisted Self-Confinement and Waveguiding in planar Nematic Liquid Crystal cells," Appl. Phys. Lett. 77, 7-9 (2000).
[CrossRef]

De Sio, L.

Desimpel, C.

C. Desimpel, J. Beeckman, K. Neyts, S. Verstuyft, D. Van Thourhout, K. D'have and P. Rudquist, "Realization of a Four-Electrode LC Device with In-Plane Rotation," IEEE Trans. Electron Dev. 54, 1295-1300 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Di Falco, A.

A. Di Falco and G. Assanto, "Tunable wavelength-selective add-drop in Liquid Crystals on Silicon microresonator,"Opt. Commun. 279, 210-213 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Donisi, D.

A. d'Alessandro, D. Donisi, R. Beccherelli, R. Asquini, L. De Sio, R. Caputo, and C. Umeton, "Tunable integrated optical filter made of a glass ion-exchanged waveguide and an electro-optic composite holographic grating," Opt. Express 16, 9254-9260 (2008).
[CrossRef]

A. d’Alessandro, R. Beccherelli, B. Bellini, I. Manolis, R. Asquini, and D. Donisi, "Integrated Optics Using Smectic and Nematic Liquid Crystals," Ferroel. 344, 247-254 (2006).
[CrossRef]

A. d’Alessandro, B. Bellini, D. Donisi, R. Beccherelli, and R. Asquini, "Nematic Liquid Crystal Optical Channel Waveguides on Silicon," IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 42, 1084-1090 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Dyadyusha, A.

M. Peccianti, A. Dyadyusha, M. Kaczmarek and G. Assanto, "Tunable refraction and reflection of self-confined light beams," Nature Phys. 2, 737-742 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Frank, F. C.

F. C. Frank, "On the theory of Liquid Crystals," Discuss. Faraday Soc. 25, 19-28 (1958).

Fratalocchi, A.

Ishihara, T.

C. Kamaga, Y. Segawa, S. Tikhodeev and T. Ishihara, "Optical fuse effect in a tunable liquid crystal waveguide with a Cr grating coupler," Appl. Phys. Lett. 91, 173119 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Kaczmarek, M.

M. Peccianti, A. Dyadyusha, M. Kaczmarek and G. Assanto, "Tunable refraction and reflection of self-confined light beams," Nature Phys. 2, 737-742 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Kamaga, C.

C. Kamaga, Y. Segawa, S. Tikhodeev and T. Ishihara, "Optical fuse effect in a tunable liquid crystal waveguide with a Cr grating coupler," Appl. Phys. Lett. 91, 173119 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Karpierz, M.

U. Laudyn, A. Miroshnichenko, W. Krolikowski, D. Chen, Y. Kivshar, and M. Karpierz, "Observation of light-induced reorientation in periodic structures with planar nematic liquid crystal defects," Appl. Phys. Lett. 92, 203304 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Karpierz, M. A.

A. Fratalocchi, G. Assanto, K. Brzdakiewicz and M. A. Karpierz, "All-optical switching and beam steering in tunable waveguide arrays,"Appl. Phys. Lett. 86, 51112 (2005).
[CrossRef]

A. Fratalocchi, G. Assanto, K. Brzdąkiewicz and M. A. Karpierz, "Discrete Propagation and Spatial Solitons in Nematic Liquid Crystals," Opt. Lett. 29, 1530-1532 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Khoo, I. C.

M. Peccianti, G. Assanto, A. De Luca, C. Umeton and I. C. Khoo, "Electrically Assisted Self-Confinement and Waveguiding in planar Nematic Liquid Crystal cells," Appl. Phys. Lett. 77, 7-9 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Kivshar, Y.

U. Laudyn, A. Miroshnichenko, W. Krolikowski, D. Chen, Y. Kivshar, and M. Karpierz, "Observation of light-induced reorientation in periodic structures with planar nematic liquid crystal defects," Appl. Phys. Lett. 92, 203304 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Kivshar, Y. S.

A. E. Miroshnichenko, E. Brasselet, and Y. S. Kivshar, "All-optical switching and multistability in photonic structures with liquid crystal defects,"Appl. Phys. Lett. 92, 253306 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Krolikowski, W.

U. Laudyn, A. Miroshnichenko, W. Krolikowski, D. Chen, Y. Kivshar, and M. Karpierz, "Observation of light-induced reorientation in periodic structures with planar nematic liquid crystal defects," Appl. Phys. Lett. 92, 203304 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Laudyn, U.

U. Laudyn, A. Miroshnichenko, W. Krolikowski, D. Chen, Y. Kivshar, and M. Karpierz, "Observation of light-induced reorientation in periodic structures with planar nematic liquid crystal defects," Appl. Phys. Lett. 92, 203304 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Liu, C.-Y.

C.-Y. Liu and L.-W. Chen, "Tunable photonic crystal waveguide coupler with nematic liquid crystals," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 16, 1849-1851 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Manolis, I.

A. d’Alessandro, R. Beccherelli, B. Bellini, I. Manolis, R. Asquini, and D. Donisi, "Integrated Optics Using Smectic and Nematic Liquid Crystals," Ferroel. 344, 247-254 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Miroshnichenko, A.

U. Laudyn, A. Miroshnichenko, W. Krolikowski, D. Chen, Y. Kivshar, and M. Karpierz, "Observation of light-induced reorientation in periodic structures with planar nematic liquid crystal defects," Appl. Phys. Lett. 92, 203304 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Miroshnichenko, A. E.

A. E. Miroshnichenko, E. Brasselet, and Y. S. Kivshar, "All-optical switching and multistability in photonic structures with liquid crystal defects,"Appl. Phys. Lett. 92, 253306 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Neyts, K.

C. Desimpel, J. Beeckman, K. Neyts, S. Verstuyft, D. Van Thourhout, K. D'have and P. Rudquist, "Realization of a Four-Electrode LC Device with In-Plane Rotation," IEEE Trans. Electron Dev. 54, 1295-1300 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Oton, M. J.

L. Sirleto, G. Coppola, G. Breglio, G. Abbate, G. C. Righini, M. J. Oton, "Electro-optical switch and continuously tunable filter based on a Bragg grating in a planar waveguide with a liquid crystal overlayer," Opt. Eng. 41, 2890-2898 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Peccianti, M.

G. Assanto, A. Fratalocchi and M. Peccianti, "Spatial solitons in nematic liquid crystals: from bulk to discrete," Opt. Express 15, 5248-5259 (2007).
[CrossRef]

M. Peccianti, A. Dyadyusha, M. Kaczmarek and G. Assanto, "Tunable refraction and reflection of self-confined light beams," Nature Phys. 2, 737-742 (2006).
[CrossRef]

M. Peccianti, G. Assanto, A. De Luca, C. Umeton and I. C. Khoo, "Electrically Assisted Self-Confinement and Waveguiding in planar Nematic Liquid Crystal cells," Appl. Phys. Lett. 77, 7-9 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Righini, G. C.

L. Sirleto, G. Coppola, G. Breglio, G. Abbate, G. C. Righini, M. J. Oton, "Electro-optical switch and continuously tunable filter based on a Bragg grating in a planar waveguide with a liquid crystal overlayer," Opt. Eng. 41, 2890-2898 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Roustan, J. C.

C. Coutal, A. Azema and J. C. Roustan, "Fabrication and characterization of ITO thin films deposited by excimer laser evaporation," Thin Solid Films 288,248-253 (1996).
[CrossRef]

Segawa, Y.

C. Kamaga, Y. Segawa, S. Tikhodeev and T. Ishihara, "Optical fuse effect in a tunable liquid crystal waveguide with a Cr grating coupler," Appl. Phys. Lett. 91, 173119 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Sirleto, L.

L. Sirleto, G. Coppola, G. Breglio, G. Abbate, G. C. Righini, M. J. Oton, "Electro-optical switch and continuously tunable filter based on a Bragg grating in a planar waveguide with a liquid crystal overlayer," Opt. Eng. 41, 2890-2898 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Tikhodeev, S.

C. Kamaga, Y. Segawa, S. Tikhodeev and T. Ishihara, "Optical fuse effect in a tunable liquid crystal waveguide with a Cr grating coupler," Appl. Phys. Lett. 91, 173119 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Umeton, C.

A. d'Alessandro, D. Donisi, R. Beccherelli, R. Asquini, L. De Sio, R. Caputo, and C. Umeton, "Tunable integrated optical filter made of a glass ion-exchanged waveguide and an electro-optic composite holographic grating," Opt. Express 16, 9254-9260 (2008).
[CrossRef]

M. Peccianti, G. Assanto, A. De Luca, C. Umeton and I. C. Khoo, "Electrically Assisted Self-Confinement and Waveguiding in planar Nematic Liquid Crystal cells," Appl. Phys. Lett. 77, 7-9 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Van Thourhout, D.

C. Desimpel, J. Beeckman, K. Neyts, S. Verstuyft, D. Van Thourhout, K. D'have and P. Rudquist, "Realization of a Four-Electrode LC Device with In-Plane Rotation," IEEE Trans. Electron Dev. 54, 1295-1300 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Verstuyft, S.

C. Desimpel, J. Beeckman, K. Neyts, S. Verstuyft, D. Van Thourhout, K. D'have and P. Rudquist, "Realization of a Four-Electrode LC Device with In-Plane Rotation," IEEE Trans. Electron Dev. 54, 1295-1300 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Appl. Opt. (1)

Appl. Phys. Lett. (6)

A. Fratalocchi and G. Assanto, "Nonlinear All-optical Switch with nematic liquid crystals," Appl. Phys. Lett. 86, 051109 (2005).
[CrossRef]

A. Fratalocchi, G. Assanto, K. Brzdakiewicz and M. A. Karpierz, "All-optical switching and beam steering in tunable waveguide arrays,"Appl. Phys. Lett. 86, 51112 (2005).
[CrossRef]

C. Kamaga, Y. Segawa, S. Tikhodeev and T. Ishihara, "Optical fuse effect in a tunable liquid crystal waveguide with a Cr grating coupler," Appl. Phys. Lett. 91, 173119 (2007).
[CrossRef]

M. Peccianti, G. Assanto, A. De Luca, C. Umeton and I. C. Khoo, "Electrically Assisted Self-Confinement and Waveguiding in planar Nematic Liquid Crystal cells," Appl. Phys. Lett. 77, 7-9 (2000).
[CrossRef]

U. Laudyn, A. Miroshnichenko, W. Krolikowski, D. Chen, Y. Kivshar, and M. Karpierz, "Observation of light-induced reorientation in periodic structures with planar nematic liquid crystal defects," Appl. Phys. Lett. 92, 203304 (2008).
[CrossRef]

A. E. Miroshnichenko, E. Brasselet, and Y. S. Kivshar, "All-optical switching and multistability in photonic structures with liquid crystal defects,"Appl. Phys. Lett. 92, 253306 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Discuss. Faraday Soc. (1)

F. C. Frank, "On the theory of Liquid Crystals," Discuss. Faraday Soc. 25, 19-28 (1958).

Ferroel. (1)

A. d’Alessandro, R. Beccherelli, B. Bellini, I. Manolis, R. Asquini, and D. Donisi, "Integrated Optics Using Smectic and Nematic Liquid Crystals," Ferroel. 344, 247-254 (2006).
[CrossRef]

IEEE J. Quantum Electron. (1)

A. d’Alessandro, B. Bellini, D. Donisi, R. Beccherelli, and R. Asquini, "Nematic Liquid Crystal Optical Channel Waveguides on Silicon," IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 42, 1084-1090 (2006).
[CrossRef]

IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. (1)

C.-Y. Liu and L.-W. Chen, "Tunable photonic crystal waveguide coupler with nematic liquid crystals," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 16, 1849-1851 (2004).
[CrossRef]

IEEE Trans. Electron Dev. (1)

C. Desimpel, J. Beeckman, K. Neyts, S. Verstuyft, D. Van Thourhout, K. D'have and P. Rudquist, "Realization of a Four-Electrode LC Device with In-Plane Rotation," IEEE Trans. Electron Dev. 54, 1295-1300 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Mol. Cryst. Liq. Cryst. (1)

A. d’Alessandro and R. Asquini, "Liquid Crystal Devices for photonic switching applications: State of the Art and future developments," Mol. Cryst. Liq. Cryst. 398, 207-221 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Nature Phys. (1)

M. Peccianti, A. Dyadyusha, M. Kaczmarek and G. Assanto, "Tunable refraction and reflection of self-confined light beams," Nature Phys. 2, 737-742 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Opt. Commun. (1)

A. Di Falco and G. Assanto, "Tunable wavelength-selective add-drop in Liquid Crystals on Silicon microresonator,"Opt. Commun. 279, 210-213 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Opt. Eng. (1)

L. Sirleto, G. Coppola, G. Breglio, G. Abbate, G. C. Righini, M. J. Oton, "Electro-optical switch and continuously tunable filter based on a Bragg grating in a planar waveguide with a liquid crystal overlayer," Opt. Eng. 41, 2890-2898 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Opt. Express (3)

Opt. Lett. (2)

Thin Solid Films (1)

C. Coutal, A. Azema and J. C. Roustan, "Fabrication and characterization of ITO thin films deposited by excimer laser evaporation," Thin Solid Films 288,248-253 (1996).
[CrossRef]

Other (2)

I. C. Khoo, Liquid Crystals: physical properties and nonlinear optical phenomena (Wiley, New York, 1995).

D. K. Yang and S. T. Wu, Fundamentals of Liquid Crystals (John Wiley & Sons, New York, 2006).

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