Abstract

We describe how a time series of optical resonance spectra of an evaporating, non-spherical, irregular aerosol particle levitated in an electrodynamic balance exhibits patterns which are related to its evaporation kinetics. Simulated spectra of an evaporating, model aerosol particle show comparable features. If these patterns are used to deduce the particle size change with time, the resulting vapor pressures and enthalpies of vaporization compare favorably with literature data for both crystalline ammonium nitrate and succinic acid particles.

© 2009 Optical Society of America

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  4. P. F. Paradis, T. Ishikawa, and S. Yoda, "Non-contact measurement technique of the vapor pressure of liquid and high temperature solid materials," Eur. Phys. J. AP 22, 97-101 (2003).
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  5. G. O. Rubel, "Evaporation of Single Aerosol Binary Oil Droplets," J. Colloid Interface Sci. 85, 549-555 (1982).
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    [CrossRef]
  13. H. M. Lai, P. T. Leung, K. Young, P. W. Barber, and S. C. Hill, "Time independent perturbation for leaking electromagnetic modes in open systems with application to resonances in microdroplets," Phys. Rev. A 41, 5187-5198 (1990).
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  19. H. Xue, A. M. Moyle, N. Magee, J. Y. Harrington, and D. Lamb, "Experimental Studies of Droplet Evaporation Kinetics: Validation ofModels for Binary and Ternary Aqueous Solutions," J. Atmos. Sci. 62, 4310-4326 (2005).
    [CrossRef]
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  26. M. Bilde, B. Svenningsson, J. Mønster, and T. Rosenørn, "Even-Odd Alternation of Evaporation Rates and Vapor Pressures of C3-C9 Dicarboxylic Acid Aerosols," Environ. Sci. Technol. 37, 1371-1378 (2003).
    [CrossRef]

2008 (1)

U. K. Krieger and A. A. Zardini, "Using dynamic light scattering to characterize mixed phase single particles levitated in a quasi-electrostatic balance," Faraday Discuss. 137, 377-388 (2008).

2006 (2)

K. B. Aptowicz, R. G. Pinnick, S. C. Hill, Y. L. Pan, and R. K. Chang, "Optical scattering patterns from single urban aerosol particles at Adelphi, Maryland, USA: A classification relating to particle morphologies," J. Geophys. Res. 111, D12212 (2006).
[CrossRef]

A. A. Zardini, U. K. Krieger, and C. Marcolli, "White light Mie resonance spectroscopy used to measure very low vapor pressures of substances in aqueous solution aerosol particles," Opt. Express 14, 6951-6962 (2006).
[CrossRef]

2005 (1)

H. Xue, A. M. Moyle, N. Magee, J. Y. Harrington, and D. Lamb, "Experimental Studies of Droplet Evaporation Kinetics: Validation ofModels for Binary and Ternary Aqueous Solutions," J. Atmos. Sci. 62, 4310-4326 (2005).
[CrossRef]

2003 (2)

M. Bilde, B. Svenningsson, J. Mønster, and T. Rosenørn, "Even-Odd Alternation of Evaporation Rates and Vapor Pressures of C3-C9 Dicarboxylic Acid Aerosols," Environ. Sci. Technol. 37, 1371-1378 (2003).
[CrossRef]

P. F. Paradis, T. Ishikawa, and S. Yoda, "Non-contact measurement technique of the vapor pressure of liquid and high temperature solid materials," Eur. Phys. J. AP 22, 97-101 (2003).
[CrossRef]

2001 (2)

S. Chattopadhyay, H. J. Tobias, and P. J. Ziemann, "A Method for Measuring Vapor Pressures of Low-Volatility Organic Aerosol Compounds Using a Thermal Desorption Particle Beam Mass Spectrometer," Anal. Chem. 73, 3797-3803 (2001).
[CrossRef]

C. Braun and U. K. Krieger, "Two-dimensional angular lightscattering in aqueous NaCl single aerosol particles during deliquescence and efflorescence," Opt. Express 8, 314-321 (2001).
[CrossRef]

1999 (1)

B. Berge, K. Sudholz, B. Steiner, J. Rohmann, and E. R¨uhl, "In situ size determination of single levitated solid aerosols," Phys. Chem. Chem. Phys. 1, 5485-5489 (1999).
[CrossRef]

1998 (1)

W. J. Massman, "A Review of the molecular diffusivities of H2O,CO2,CH4,CO,O3,SO2,NH3,N2O,NO, And NO2 in air, O2 and N2 near STP," Atmos. Environ. 32, 1111-1127 (1998).
[CrossRef]

1996 (1)

1994 (1)

1993 (1)

M. Mozurkewich, "The dissociation constant of ammonium nitrate and its dependence on temperature, relative humidity and particle size," Atmos. Environ. 27A, 261-270 (1993).

1990 (1)

H. M. Lai, P. T. Leung, K. Young, P. W. Barber, and S. C. Hill, "Time independent perturbation for leaking electromagnetic modes in open systems with application to resonances in microdroplets," Phys. Rev. A 41, 5187-5198 (1990).
[CrossRef]

1986 (1)

D. J. Rader and P. H. McMurry, "Application of the Tandem differential Mobility Analyzer to studies of droplet growth or evaporation," J. Aerosol Sci. 17, 771-787 (1986).
[CrossRef]

1982 (1)

G. O. Rubel, "Evaporation of Single Aerosol Binary Oil Droplets," J. Colloid Interface Sci. 85, 549-555 (1982).
[CrossRef]

1979 (1)

J. D. Cox, D. Harrop, and A. J. Head, "The standard enthalpy of formation of ammonium nitrate and of the nitrate ion," J. Chem. Thermodyn. 11, 811-814 (1979).
[CrossRef]

1977 (1)

A. Ashkin and J. M. Dziedzic, "Observation of resonances in the radiation pressure on dielectric spheres," Phis. Rev. Lett. 38, 1351-1354 (1977).
[CrossRef]

1975 (1)

T. Ichikawa, "The Assembly of Hard Spheres as a Structure Model of Amorphous Iron," Phys. Status Solidi A 29, 293-302 (1975)
[CrossRef]

1962 (1)

J. D. Brandner, N. M. Junk, J. W. Lawrence, and J. Robins, "Vapor Pressure of Ammonium Nitrate," J. Chem. Eng. Data 7, 297-298 (1962).
[CrossRef]

Aptowicz, K. B.

K. B. Aptowicz, R. G. Pinnick, S. C. Hill, Y. L. Pan, and R. K. Chang, "Optical scattering patterns from single urban aerosol particles at Adelphi, Maryland, USA: A classification relating to particle morphologies," J. Geophys. Res. 111, D12212 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Ashkin, A.

A. Ashkin and J. M. Dziedzic, "Observation of resonances in the radiation pressure on dielectric spheres," Phis. Rev. Lett. 38, 1351-1354 (1977).
[CrossRef]

Barber, P. W.

H. M. Lai, P. T. Leung, K. Young, P. W. Barber, and S. C. Hill, "Time independent perturbation for leaking electromagnetic modes in open systems with application to resonances in microdroplets," Phys. Rev. A 41, 5187-5198 (1990).
[CrossRef]

Berge, B.

B. Berge, K. Sudholz, B. Steiner, J. Rohmann, and E. R¨uhl, "In situ size determination of single levitated solid aerosols," Phys. Chem. Chem. Phys. 1, 5485-5489 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Bilde, M.

M. Bilde, B. Svenningsson, J. Mønster, and T. Rosenørn, "Even-Odd Alternation of Evaporation Rates and Vapor Pressures of C3-C9 Dicarboxylic Acid Aerosols," Environ. Sci. Technol. 37, 1371-1378 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Brandner, J. D.

J. D. Brandner, N. M. Junk, J. W. Lawrence, and J. Robins, "Vapor Pressure of Ammonium Nitrate," J. Chem. Eng. Data 7, 297-298 (1962).
[CrossRef]

Braun, C.

Chang, R. K.

K. B. Aptowicz, R. G. Pinnick, S. C. Hill, Y. L. Pan, and R. K. Chang, "Optical scattering patterns from single urban aerosol particles at Adelphi, Maryland, USA: A classification relating to particle morphologies," J. Geophys. Res. 111, D12212 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Chattopadhyay, S.

S. Chattopadhyay, H. J. Tobias, and P. J. Ziemann, "A Method for Measuring Vapor Pressures of Low-Volatility Organic Aerosol Compounds Using a Thermal Desorption Particle Beam Mass Spectrometer," Anal. Chem. 73, 3797-3803 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Cox, J. D.

J. D. Cox, D. Harrop, and A. J. Head, "The standard enthalpy of formation of ammonium nitrate and of the nitrate ion," J. Chem. Thermodyn. 11, 811-814 (1979).
[CrossRef]

Das, B.

Dziedzic, J. M.

A. Ashkin and J. M. Dziedzic, "Observation of resonances in the radiation pressure on dielectric spheres," Phis. Rev. Lett. 38, 1351-1354 (1977).
[CrossRef]

Harrington, J. Y.

H. Xue, A. M. Moyle, N. Magee, J. Y. Harrington, and D. Lamb, "Experimental Studies of Droplet Evaporation Kinetics: Validation ofModels for Binary and Ternary Aqueous Solutions," J. Atmos. Sci. 62, 4310-4326 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Harrop, D.

J. D. Cox, D. Harrop, and A. J. Head, "The standard enthalpy of formation of ammonium nitrate and of the nitrate ion," J. Chem. Thermodyn. 11, 811-814 (1979).
[CrossRef]

Head, A. J.

J. D. Cox, D. Harrop, and A. J. Head, "The standard enthalpy of formation of ammonium nitrate and of the nitrate ion," J. Chem. Thermodyn. 11, 811-814 (1979).
[CrossRef]

Hill, S. C.

K. B. Aptowicz, R. G. Pinnick, S. C. Hill, Y. L. Pan, and R. K. Chang, "Optical scattering patterns from single urban aerosol particles at Adelphi, Maryland, USA: A classification relating to particle morphologies," J. Geophys. Res. 111, D12212 (2006).
[CrossRef]

H. M. Lai, P. T. Leung, K. Young, P. W. Barber, and S. C. Hill, "Time independent perturbation for leaking electromagnetic modes in open systems with application to resonances in microdroplets," Phys. Rev. A 41, 5187-5198 (1990).
[CrossRef]

Huckaby, J. L.

Ichikawa, T.

T. Ichikawa, "The Assembly of Hard Spheres as a Structure Model of Amorphous Iron," Phys. Status Solidi A 29, 293-302 (1975)
[CrossRef]

Ishikawa, T.

P. F. Paradis, T. Ishikawa, and S. Yoda, "Non-contact measurement technique of the vapor pressure of liquid and high temperature solid materials," Eur. Phys. J. AP 22, 97-101 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Junk, N. M.

J. D. Brandner, N. M. Junk, J. W. Lawrence, and J. Robins, "Vapor Pressure of Ammonium Nitrate," J. Chem. Eng. Data 7, 297-298 (1962).
[CrossRef]

Krieger, U. K.

Lai, H. M.

H. M. Lai, P. T. Leung, K. Young, P. W. Barber, and S. C. Hill, "Time independent perturbation for leaking electromagnetic modes in open systems with application to resonances in microdroplets," Phys. Rev. A 41, 5187-5198 (1990).
[CrossRef]

Lamb, D.

H. Xue, A. M. Moyle, N. Magee, J. Y. Harrington, and D. Lamb, "Experimental Studies of Droplet Evaporation Kinetics: Validation ofModels for Binary and Ternary Aqueous Solutions," J. Atmos. Sci. 62, 4310-4326 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Lawrence, J. W.

J. D. Brandner, N. M. Junk, J. W. Lawrence, and J. Robins, "Vapor Pressure of Ammonium Nitrate," J. Chem. Eng. Data 7, 297-298 (1962).
[CrossRef]

Leung, P. T.

H. M. Lai, P. T. Leung, K. Young, P. W. Barber, and S. C. Hill, "Time independent perturbation for leaking electromagnetic modes in open systems with application to resonances in microdroplets," Phys. Rev. A 41, 5187-5198 (1990).
[CrossRef]

Mackowski, D. W.

Magee, N.

H. Xue, A. M. Moyle, N. Magee, J. Y. Harrington, and D. Lamb, "Experimental Studies of Droplet Evaporation Kinetics: Validation ofModels for Binary and Ternary Aqueous Solutions," J. Atmos. Sci. 62, 4310-4326 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Marcolli, C.

Massman, W. J.

W. J. Massman, "A Review of the molecular diffusivities of H2O,CO2,CH4,CO,O3,SO2,NH3,N2O,NO, And NO2 in air, O2 and N2 near STP," Atmos. Environ. 32, 1111-1127 (1998).
[CrossRef]

McMurry, P. H.

D. J. Rader and P. H. McMurry, "Application of the Tandem differential Mobility Analyzer to studies of droplet growth or evaporation," J. Aerosol Sci. 17, 771-787 (1986).
[CrossRef]

Mishchenko, M. I.

Mønster, J.

M. Bilde, B. Svenningsson, J. Mønster, and T. Rosenørn, "Even-Odd Alternation of Evaporation Rates and Vapor Pressures of C3-C9 Dicarboxylic Acid Aerosols," Environ. Sci. Technol. 37, 1371-1378 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Moyle, A. M.

H. Xue, A. M. Moyle, N. Magee, J. Y. Harrington, and D. Lamb, "Experimental Studies of Droplet Evaporation Kinetics: Validation ofModels for Binary and Ternary Aqueous Solutions," J. Atmos. Sci. 62, 4310-4326 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Mozurkewich, M.

M. Mozurkewich, "The dissociation constant of ammonium nitrate and its dependence on temperature, relative humidity and particle size," Atmos. Environ. 27A, 261-270 (1993).

Pan, Y. L.

K. B. Aptowicz, R. G. Pinnick, S. C. Hill, Y. L. Pan, and R. K. Chang, "Optical scattering patterns from single urban aerosol particles at Adelphi, Maryland, USA: A classification relating to particle morphologies," J. Geophys. Res. 111, D12212 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Paradis, P. F.

P. F. Paradis, T. Ishikawa, and S. Yoda, "Non-contact measurement technique of the vapor pressure of liquid and high temperature solid materials," Eur. Phys. J. AP 22, 97-101 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Pinnick, R. G.

K. B. Aptowicz, R. G. Pinnick, S. C. Hill, Y. L. Pan, and R. K. Chang, "Optical scattering patterns from single urban aerosol particles at Adelphi, Maryland, USA: A classification relating to particle morphologies," J. Geophys. Res. 111, D12212 (2006).
[CrossRef]

R¨uhl, E.

B. Berge, K. Sudholz, B. Steiner, J. Rohmann, and E. R¨uhl, "In situ size determination of single levitated solid aerosols," Phys. Chem. Chem. Phys. 1, 5485-5489 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Rader, D. J.

D. J. Rader and P. H. McMurry, "Application of the Tandem differential Mobility Analyzer to studies of droplet growth or evaporation," J. Aerosol Sci. 17, 771-787 (1986).
[CrossRef]

Ray, A. K.

Robins, J.

J. D. Brandner, N. M. Junk, J. W. Lawrence, and J. Robins, "Vapor Pressure of Ammonium Nitrate," J. Chem. Eng. Data 7, 297-298 (1962).
[CrossRef]

Rohmann, J.

B. Berge, K. Sudholz, B. Steiner, J. Rohmann, and E. R¨uhl, "In situ size determination of single levitated solid aerosols," Phys. Chem. Chem. Phys. 1, 5485-5489 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Rosenørn, T.

M. Bilde, B. Svenningsson, J. Mønster, and T. Rosenørn, "Even-Odd Alternation of Evaporation Rates and Vapor Pressures of C3-C9 Dicarboxylic Acid Aerosols," Environ. Sci. Technol. 37, 1371-1378 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Rubel, G. O.

G. O. Rubel, "Evaporation of Single Aerosol Binary Oil Droplets," J. Colloid Interface Sci. 85, 549-555 (1982).
[CrossRef]

Steiner, B.

B. Berge, K. Sudholz, B. Steiner, J. Rohmann, and E. R¨uhl, "In situ size determination of single levitated solid aerosols," Phys. Chem. Chem. Phys. 1, 5485-5489 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Sudholz, K.

B. Berge, K. Sudholz, B. Steiner, J. Rohmann, and E. R¨uhl, "In situ size determination of single levitated solid aerosols," Phys. Chem. Chem. Phys. 1, 5485-5489 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Svenningsson, B.

M. Bilde, B. Svenningsson, J. Mønster, and T. Rosenørn, "Even-Odd Alternation of Evaporation Rates and Vapor Pressures of C3-C9 Dicarboxylic Acid Aerosols," Environ. Sci. Technol. 37, 1371-1378 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Tobias, H. J.

S. Chattopadhyay, H. J. Tobias, and P. J. Ziemann, "A Method for Measuring Vapor Pressures of Low-Volatility Organic Aerosol Compounds Using a Thermal Desorption Particle Beam Mass Spectrometer," Anal. Chem. 73, 3797-3803 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Xue, H.

H. Xue, A. M. Moyle, N. Magee, J. Y. Harrington, and D. Lamb, "Experimental Studies of Droplet Evaporation Kinetics: Validation ofModels for Binary and Ternary Aqueous Solutions," J. Atmos. Sci. 62, 4310-4326 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Yoda, S.

P. F. Paradis, T. Ishikawa, and S. Yoda, "Non-contact measurement technique of the vapor pressure of liquid and high temperature solid materials," Eur. Phys. J. AP 22, 97-101 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Young, K.

H. M. Lai, P. T. Leung, K. Young, P. W. Barber, and S. C. Hill, "Time independent perturbation for leaking electromagnetic modes in open systems with application to resonances in microdroplets," Phys. Rev. A 41, 5187-5198 (1990).
[CrossRef]

Zardini, A. A.

U. K. Krieger and A. A. Zardini, "Using dynamic light scattering to characterize mixed phase single particles levitated in a quasi-electrostatic balance," Faraday Discuss. 137, 377-388 (2008).

A. A. Zardini, U. K. Krieger, and C. Marcolli, "White light Mie resonance spectroscopy used to measure very low vapor pressures of substances in aqueous solution aerosol particles," Opt. Express 14, 6951-6962 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Ziemann, P. J.

S. Chattopadhyay, H. J. Tobias, and P. J. Ziemann, "A Method for Measuring Vapor Pressures of Low-Volatility Organic Aerosol Compounds Using a Thermal Desorption Particle Beam Mass Spectrometer," Anal. Chem. 73, 3797-3803 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Anal. Chem. (1)

S. Chattopadhyay, H. J. Tobias, and P. J. Ziemann, "A Method for Measuring Vapor Pressures of Low-Volatility Organic Aerosol Compounds Using a Thermal Desorption Particle Beam Mass Spectrometer," Anal. Chem. 73, 3797-3803 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Appl. Opt. (1)

Atmos. Environ. (2)

W. J. Massman, "A Review of the molecular diffusivities of H2O,CO2,CH4,CO,O3,SO2,NH3,N2O,NO, And NO2 in air, O2 and N2 near STP," Atmos. Environ. 32, 1111-1127 (1998).
[CrossRef]

M. Mozurkewich, "The dissociation constant of ammonium nitrate and its dependence on temperature, relative humidity and particle size," Atmos. Environ. 27A, 261-270 (1993).

Environ. Sci. Technol. (1)

M. Bilde, B. Svenningsson, J. Mønster, and T. Rosenørn, "Even-Odd Alternation of Evaporation Rates and Vapor Pressures of C3-C9 Dicarboxylic Acid Aerosols," Environ. Sci. Technol. 37, 1371-1378 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Eur. Phys. J. AP (1)

P. F. Paradis, T. Ishikawa, and S. Yoda, "Non-contact measurement technique of the vapor pressure of liquid and high temperature solid materials," Eur. Phys. J. AP 22, 97-101 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Faraday Discuss. (1)

U. K. Krieger and A. A. Zardini, "Using dynamic light scattering to characterize mixed phase single particles levitated in a quasi-electrostatic balance," Faraday Discuss. 137, 377-388 (2008).

J. Aerosol Sci. (1)

D. J. Rader and P. H. McMurry, "Application of the Tandem differential Mobility Analyzer to studies of droplet growth or evaporation," J. Aerosol Sci. 17, 771-787 (1986).
[CrossRef]

J. Atmos. Sci. (1)

H. Xue, A. M. Moyle, N. Magee, J. Y. Harrington, and D. Lamb, "Experimental Studies of Droplet Evaporation Kinetics: Validation ofModels for Binary and Ternary Aqueous Solutions," J. Atmos. Sci. 62, 4310-4326 (2005).
[CrossRef]

J. Chem. Eng. Data (1)

J. D. Brandner, N. M. Junk, J. W. Lawrence, and J. Robins, "Vapor Pressure of Ammonium Nitrate," J. Chem. Eng. Data 7, 297-298 (1962).
[CrossRef]

J. Chem. Thermodyn. (1)

J. D. Cox, D. Harrop, and A. J. Head, "The standard enthalpy of formation of ammonium nitrate and of the nitrate ion," J. Chem. Thermodyn. 11, 811-814 (1979).
[CrossRef]

J. Colloid Interface Sci. (1)

G. O. Rubel, "Evaporation of Single Aerosol Binary Oil Droplets," J. Colloid Interface Sci. 85, 549-555 (1982).
[CrossRef]

J. Geophys. Res. (1)

K. B. Aptowicz, R. G. Pinnick, S. C. Hill, Y. L. Pan, and R. K. Chang, "Optical scattering patterns from single urban aerosol particles at Adelphi, Maryland, USA: A classification relating to particle morphologies," J. Geophys. Res. 111, D12212 (2006).
[CrossRef]

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Supplementary Material (4)

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