Abstract

We report on efficient actively Q-switched Ho:YAP laser double-pass pumped by a 1.91-μm laser. At room temperature, when the incident pump power was 20.9 W, a maximum average output power of 10.9W at 2118 nm was obtained at the repetition rate of 10 kHz, and this corresponds to a conversion efficiency of 52.2% and a slope efficiency of 63.5%. Moreover, a maximum pulse energy of ~1.1 mJ and a minimum pulse width of 31 ns were achieved, with the peak power of 35.5 kW.

© 2009 Optical Society of America

Full Article  |  PDF Article

References

  • View by:
  • |
  • |
  • |

  1. P. A. Budni, L. A. Pomeranz, M. L. Lemons, C. A. Miller, J. R. Mosto, and E. P. Chicklis, "Efficient mid-infrared laser using 1.9-μm-pumped Ho:YAG and ZnGeP2 optical parametric oscillators," J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 17, 723-728 (2000).
    [CrossRef]
  2. E. Lippert, G. Rustad, G. Arisholm, and K. Stenersen, "High power and efficient long wave IR ZnGeP2 parametric oscillator," Opt. Express 16, 13878-13884, http://www.opticsinfobase.org/abstract.cfm?URI=oe-16-18-13878.
    [PubMed]
  3. H. Hemmati, "2.07-μm cw diode-laser-pumped Tm,Ho:YLiF4 room-temperature laser," Opt. Lett. 14, 435-437 (1989).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  4. P. A. Budni, M. G. Knights, E. P. Chicklis, and H. P. Jenssen, "Performance of a diode-pumped high PRF Tm,Ho:YLF laser," IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 28, 1029-1032 (1992).
    [CrossRef]
  5. W. He, B. Yao, Y. Ju, and Y. Wang, "Diode-pumped efficient Tm,Ho:GdVO4 laser with near-diffraction limited beam quality," Opt. Express 14, 11653-11659 (2006), http://www.opticsinfobase.org/oe/abstract.cfm?URI=oe-14-24-11653.
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  6. B. Yao, L. Li, L. Zheng, Y. Wang, G. Zhao, and J. Xu, "Diode-pumped continuous wave and Q-switched operation of a c-cut Tm,Ho:YAlO3 laser, " Opt. Express 16, 5075-5081 (2008), http://www.opticsinfobase.org/oe/abstract.cfm?URI=oe-16-7-5075.
    [CrossRef]
  7. P. A. Budni, M. L. Lemons, J. R. Mosto, and E. P. Chicklis, "High-power/high-brightness diode-pumped 1.9-μm thulium and resonantly pumped 2.1-μm holmium lasers," IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 6, 629-635 (2000).
    [CrossRef]
  8. M. Schellhorn, "Performance of a Ho:YAG thin-disc laser pumped by a diode-pumped 1.9 μm thulium laser,"Appl. Phys. B 85, 549-552 (2006).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  9. E. Lippert, S. Nicolas, G. Arisholm, K. Stenersen, and G. Rustad, "Midinfrared laser source with high power and beam quality," Appl. Opt. 45, 3839-3845 (2006)
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  10. A. Dergachev, D. Armstrong, A. Smith, T. Drake, and M. Dubois, "3.4-μm ZGP RISTRA nanosecond optical parametric oscillator pumped by a 2.05-μm Ho:YLF MOPA system," Opt. Express 15, 14404-14413 (2007), http://www.opticsinfobase.org/abstract.cfm?&uri=oe-15-22-14404.
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  11. D. W. Hart, M. Jani, and N. P. Barnes, "Room-temperature lasing of end-pumped Ho:Lu3Al5O12," Opt. Lett. 21, 728-730 (1996).
  12. A. A. Kaminskii, "Laser crystals: their physics and properties," in Springer series in optical sciences14, D. L. MacAdam, ed., (Springer-Verlag, Berlin, 1981).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  13. B. Yao, X. Duan, L. Zheng, Y. Ju, Y. Wang, G. Zhao, and Q. Dong, "Continuous-wave and Q-switched operation of a resonantly pumped Ho:YAlO3 laser, " Opt. Express 16, 14668-14674 (2008), http://www.opticsinfobase.org/oe/abstract.cfm?uri=oe-16-19-14668.
    [CrossRef]
  14. N. P. Barnes, B. M. Walsh, and E. D. Filer, "Ho:Ho upconversion: applications to Ho lasers," J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 20, 1212-1219 (2003).
    [CrossRef]
  15. M. Malinowski, R. Piramidowicz, Z. Frukacz, G. Chadeyron, R. Mahiou, and M.F. Joubert, ‘‘Spectroscopy and upconversion processes in YAlO3:Ho3+ crystals," Opt. Mater. 12, 409-423 (1999).
    [CrossRef]
  16. S. R. Bowman and B. J. Feldman, ‘‘Demonstration and analysis of a holmium quasi-two level laser,’’ in Solid State Lasers III, G. J. Quarles, ed., Proc. SPIE 1627, 46-54 (1992).
    [CrossRef]
  17. A. S. Gouveia-Neto, E. B. da Costa, L. A. Bueno, and S. J. L. Ribeiro, ‘‘Intense red upconversion emission in infrared excited holmium-doped PbGeO3-PbF2-CdF2 transparent glass ceramic,’’J. Lumin. 110, 79-84 (2004).

2008 (2)

2007 (1)

2006 (3)

2004 (1)

A. S. Gouveia-Neto, E. B. da Costa, L. A. Bueno, and S. J. L. Ribeiro, ‘‘Intense red upconversion emission in infrared excited holmium-doped PbGeO3-PbF2-CdF2 transparent glass ceramic,’’J. Lumin. 110, 79-84 (2004).

2003 (1)

2000 (2)

P. A. Budni, L. A. Pomeranz, M. L. Lemons, C. A. Miller, J. R. Mosto, and E. P. Chicklis, "Efficient mid-infrared laser using 1.9-μm-pumped Ho:YAG and ZnGeP2 optical parametric oscillators," J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 17, 723-728 (2000).
[CrossRef]

P. A. Budni, M. L. Lemons, J. R. Mosto, and E. P. Chicklis, "High-power/high-brightness diode-pumped 1.9-μm thulium and resonantly pumped 2.1-μm holmium lasers," IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 6, 629-635 (2000).
[CrossRef]

1999 (1)

M. Malinowski, R. Piramidowicz, Z. Frukacz, G. Chadeyron, R. Mahiou, and M.F. Joubert, ‘‘Spectroscopy and upconversion processes in YAlO3:Ho3+ crystals," Opt. Mater. 12, 409-423 (1999).
[CrossRef]

1996 (1)

1992 (1)

P. A. Budni, M. G. Knights, E. P. Chicklis, and H. P. Jenssen, "Performance of a diode-pumped high PRF Tm,Ho:YLF laser," IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 28, 1029-1032 (1992).
[CrossRef]

1989 (1)

Arisholm, G.

Armstrong, D.

Barnes, N. P.

Budni, P. A.

P. A. Budni, M. L. Lemons, J. R. Mosto, and E. P. Chicklis, "High-power/high-brightness diode-pumped 1.9-μm thulium and resonantly pumped 2.1-μm holmium lasers," IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 6, 629-635 (2000).
[CrossRef]

P. A. Budni, L. A. Pomeranz, M. L. Lemons, C. A. Miller, J. R. Mosto, and E. P. Chicklis, "Efficient mid-infrared laser using 1.9-μm-pumped Ho:YAG and ZnGeP2 optical parametric oscillators," J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 17, 723-728 (2000).
[CrossRef]

P. A. Budni, M. G. Knights, E. P. Chicklis, and H. P. Jenssen, "Performance of a diode-pumped high PRF Tm,Ho:YLF laser," IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 28, 1029-1032 (1992).
[CrossRef]

Bueno, L. A.

A. S. Gouveia-Neto, E. B. da Costa, L. A. Bueno, and S. J. L. Ribeiro, ‘‘Intense red upconversion emission in infrared excited holmium-doped PbGeO3-PbF2-CdF2 transparent glass ceramic,’’J. Lumin. 110, 79-84 (2004).

Chadeyron, G.

M. Malinowski, R. Piramidowicz, Z. Frukacz, G. Chadeyron, R. Mahiou, and M.F. Joubert, ‘‘Spectroscopy and upconversion processes in YAlO3:Ho3+ crystals," Opt. Mater. 12, 409-423 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Chicklis, E. P.

P. A. Budni, L. A. Pomeranz, M. L. Lemons, C. A. Miller, J. R. Mosto, and E. P. Chicklis, "Efficient mid-infrared laser using 1.9-μm-pumped Ho:YAG and ZnGeP2 optical parametric oscillators," J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 17, 723-728 (2000).
[CrossRef]

P. A. Budni, M. L. Lemons, J. R. Mosto, and E. P. Chicklis, "High-power/high-brightness diode-pumped 1.9-μm thulium and resonantly pumped 2.1-μm holmium lasers," IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 6, 629-635 (2000).
[CrossRef]

P. A. Budni, M. G. Knights, E. P. Chicklis, and H. P. Jenssen, "Performance of a diode-pumped high PRF Tm,Ho:YLF laser," IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 28, 1029-1032 (1992).
[CrossRef]

da Costa, E. B.

A. S. Gouveia-Neto, E. B. da Costa, L. A. Bueno, and S. J. L. Ribeiro, ‘‘Intense red upconversion emission in infrared excited holmium-doped PbGeO3-PbF2-CdF2 transparent glass ceramic,’’J. Lumin. 110, 79-84 (2004).

Dergachev, A.

Dong, Q.

Drake, T.

Duan, X.

Dubois, M.

Filer, E. D.

Frukacz, Z.

M. Malinowski, R. Piramidowicz, Z. Frukacz, G. Chadeyron, R. Mahiou, and M.F. Joubert, ‘‘Spectroscopy and upconversion processes in YAlO3:Ho3+ crystals," Opt. Mater. 12, 409-423 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Gouveia-Neto, A. S.

A. S. Gouveia-Neto, E. B. da Costa, L. A. Bueno, and S. J. L. Ribeiro, ‘‘Intense red upconversion emission in infrared excited holmium-doped PbGeO3-PbF2-CdF2 transparent glass ceramic,’’J. Lumin. 110, 79-84 (2004).

Hart, D. W.

He, W.

Hemmati, H.

Jani, M.

Jenssen, H. P.

P. A. Budni, M. G. Knights, E. P. Chicklis, and H. P. Jenssen, "Performance of a diode-pumped high PRF Tm,Ho:YLF laser," IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 28, 1029-1032 (1992).
[CrossRef]

Joubert, M.F.

M. Malinowski, R. Piramidowicz, Z. Frukacz, G. Chadeyron, R. Mahiou, and M.F. Joubert, ‘‘Spectroscopy and upconversion processes in YAlO3:Ho3+ crystals," Opt. Mater. 12, 409-423 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Ju, Y.

Knights, M. G.

P. A. Budni, M. G. Knights, E. P. Chicklis, and H. P. Jenssen, "Performance of a diode-pumped high PRF Tm,Ho:YLF laser," IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 28, 1029-1032 (1992).
[CrossRef]

Lemons, M. L.

P. A. Budni, L. A. Pomeranz, M. L. Lemons, C. A. Miller, J. R. Mosto, and E. P. Chicklis, "Efficient mid-infrared laser using 1.9-μm-pumped Ho:YAG and ZnGeP2 optical parametric oscillators," J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 17, 723-728 (2000).
[CrossRef]

P. A. Budni, M. L. Lemons, J. R. Mosto, and E. P. Chicklis, "High-power/high-brightness diode-pumped 1.9-μm thulium and resonantly pumped 2.1-μm holmium lasers," IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 6, 629-635 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Li, L.

Lippert, E.

Mahiou, R.

M. Malinowski, R. Piramidowicz, Z. Frukacz, G. Chadeyron, R. Mahiou, and M.F. Joubert, ‘‘Spectroscopy and upconversion processes in YAlO3:Ho3+ crystals," Opt. Mater. 12, 409-423 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Malinowski, M.

M. Malinowski, R. Piramidowicz, Z. Frukacz, G. Chadeyron, R. Mahiou, and M.F. Joubert, ‘‘Spectroscopy and upconversion processes in YAlO3:Ho3+ crystals," Opt. Mater. 12, 409-423 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Miller, C. A.

Mosto, J. R.

P. A. Budni, L. A. Pomeranz, M. L. Lemons, C. A. Miller, J. R. Mosto, and E. P. Chicklis, "Efficient mid-infrared laser using 1.9-μm-pumped Ho:YAG and ZnGeP2 optical parametric oscillators," J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 17, 723-728 (2000).
[CrossRef]

P. A. Budni, M. L. Lemons, J. R. Mosto, and E. P. Chicklis, "High-power/high-brightness diode-pumped 1.9-μm thulium and resonantly pumped 2.1-μm holmium lasers," IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 6, 629-635 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Nicolas, S.

Piramidowicz, R.

M. Malinowski, R. Piramidowicz, Z. Frukacz, G. Chadeyron, R. Mahiou, and M.F. Joubert, ‘‘Spectroscopy and upconversion processes in YAlO3:Ho3+ crystals," Opt. Mater. 12, 409-423 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Pomeranz, L. A.

Ribeiro, S. J. L.

A. S. Gouveia-Neto, E. B. da Costa, L. A. Bueno, and S. J. L. Ribeiro, ‘‘Intense red upconversion emission in infrared excited holmium-doped PbGeO3-PbF2-CdF2 transparent glass ceramic,’’J. Lumin. 110, 79-84 (2004).

Rustad, G.

Schellhorn, M.

M. Schellhorn, "Performance of a Ho:YAG thin-disc laser pumped by a diode-pumped 1.9 μm thulium laser,"Appl. Phys. B 85, 549-552 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Smith, A.

Stenersen, K.

Walsh, B. M.

Wang, Y.

Xu, J.

Yao, B.

Zhao, G.

Zheng, L.

Appl. Opt. (1)

Appl. Phys. B (1)

M. Schellhorn, "Performance of a Ho:YAG thin-disc laser pumped by a diode-pumped 1.9 μm thulium laser,"Appl. Phys. B 85, 549-552 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

IEEE J. Quantum Electron. (1)

P. A. Budni, M. G. Knights, E. P. Chicklis, and H. P. Jenssen, "Performance of a diode-pumped high PRF Tm,Ho:YLF laser," IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 28, 1029-1032 (1992).
[CrossRef]

IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. (1)

P. A. Budni, M. L. Lemons, J. R. Mosto, and E. P. Chicklis, "High-power/high-brightness diode-pumped 1.9-μm thulium and resonantly pumped 2.1-μm holmium lasers," IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 6, 629-635 (2000).
[CrossRef]

J. Lumin. (1)

A. S. Gouveia-Neto, E. B. da Costa, L. A. Bueno, and S. J. L. Ribeiro, ‘‘Intense red upconversion emission in infrared excited holmium-doped PbGeO3-PbF2-CdF2 transparent glass ceramic,’’J. Lumin. 110, 79-84 (2004).

J. Opt. Soc. Am. B (2)

Opt. Express (4)

Opt. Lett. (2)

Opt. Mater. (1)

M. Malinowski, R. Piramidowicz, Z. Frukacz, G. Chadeyron, R. Mahiou, and M.F. Joubert, ‘‘Spectroscopy and upconversion processes in YAlO3:Ho3+ crystals," Opt. Mater. 12, 409-423 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Other (3)

S. R. Bowman and B. J. Feldman, ‘‘Demonstration and analysis of a holmium quasi-two level laser,’’ in Solid State Lasers III, G. J. Quarles, ed., Proc. SPIE 1627, 46-54 (1992).
[CrossRef]

E. Lippert, G. Rustad, G. Arisholm, and K. Stenersen, "High power and efficient long wave IR ZnGeP2 parametric oscillator," Opt. Express 16, 13878-13884, http://www.opticsinfobase.org/abstract.cfm?URI=oe-16-18-13878.
[PubMed]

A. A. Kaminskii, "Laser crystals: their physics and properties," in Springer series in optical sciences14, D. L. MacAdam, ed., (Springer-Verlag, Berlin, 1981).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Cited By

OSA participates in CrossRef's Cited-By Linking service. Citing articles from OSA journals and other participating publishers are listed here.

Alert me when this article is cited.


Figures (7)

Fig. 1.
Fig. 1.

Experimental setup of the Ho:YAP laser at room temperature

Fig. 2.
Fig. 2.

The CW and 10 kHz repetition rate output power of Ho:YAP laser

Fig. 3.
Fig. 3.

Output spectrum of Ho:YAP laser at T=52%. Inset, energy levels schematic of Ho:YAP

Fig. 4.
Fig. 4.

Upconversion spectrum of Ho:YAP crystal at room temperature

Fig. 5.
Fig. 5.

Pulse width versus incident pump power at repetition rate of 10 kHz

Fig. 6.
Fig. 6.

Pulse profile of minimum pulse width at 10 kHz

Fig. 7.
Fig. 7.

Average output power of Ho:YAP laser as a function of temperature of crystal-holder. P in, incident pump power.

Metrics