Abstract

Amplified spontaneous emission (ASE) in large size, high gain Yb3+:YAG slabs severely impacts the gain/energy storage capability. We will discuss numerical simulations and experimental results obtained on large size Yb3+:YAG slabs. The spatial distribution and temporal evolution is shown under different conditions.

© 2009 Optical Society of America

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    [CrossRef]
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    [CrossRef]
  10. J.-C. Chanteloup, D. Albach, F. Ass’emat, S. Bahbah, G. Bourdet, M. Pluvinage, B. Vincent, G. le Touzé, T. Mattern, J. Biesenbach, H. Muentz, A. Noeske, and R Venohr, "Wavelength tunable, 264 J Laser Diode Array for 10 Hz/1ms Yb:YAG pumping," in Journal of Physics: Conference Series, J. of Phys. 112, 032056 (2008).
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    [CrossRef]
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2008 (4)

R. Yasuhara, T. Kawashima, T. Sekine, T. Kurita, T. Ikegawa, O. Matsumoto, M. Miyamoto, H. Kan, H. Yoshida, J. Kawanaka, M. Nakatsuka, N. Miyanaga, Y. Izawa, and T. Kanabe, "213 W average power of 2.4 GW pulsed thermally controlled Nd:Glass zig-zag slab laser with a stimulated Brillouin scattering mirror," Opt. Lett. 33, 1711-1713 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

J.-C. Chanteloup, D. Albach, F. Ass’emat, S. Bahbah, G. Bourdet, M. Pluvinage, B. Vincent, G. le Touzé, T. Mattern, J. Biesenbach, H. Muentz, A. Noeske, and R Venohr, "Wavelength tunable, 264 J Laser Diode Array for 10 Hz/1ms Yb:YAG pumping," in Journal of Physics: Conference Series, J. of Phys. 112, 032056 (2008).
[CrossRef]

M. Siebold, J. Hein, M. Hornung, S. Podleska, M. C. Kaluza, S. Bock, and R. Sauerbrey, "Diode-pumped lasers for ultra-high peak power," Appl. Phys. B 90, 431-437 (2008).
[CrossRef]

R. Wilhelm, M. Frede, and D. Kracht, "Power scaling of end-pumped solid-state rod lasers by longitudinal dopant concentration gradients," IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 44, 232-244 (2008)
[CrossRef]

2007 (1)

A. Bayramian, P. Armstrong, E. Ault, R. Beach, C. Bibeau, J. Caird, R. Campbell, B. Chai, J. Dawson, C. Ebbers, A. Erlandson, Y. Fei, B. Freitas, R. Kent, Z. Liao, T. Ladran, J. Menapace, B. Molander, S. Payne, N. Peterson, M. Randles, K. Schaffers, S. Sutton, J. Tassano, S. Telford, and E. Utterback, "The MERCURY project: A high average power, gas-cooled laser for inertial fusion energy development," Fusion Sci. Technol. 52, 383-387 (2007).

2006 (1)

J. Hein, M. Kaluza, R. Bödefeld, M. Siebold, S. Podleska, and R. Sauerbrey, "POLARIS: An All Diode-Pumped Ultrahigh Peak Power Laser for High Repetition Rates," Lect. Notes Phys. 694, 47-66 (2006).
[CrossRef]

2005 (1)

J.-C. Chanteloup, H. Yu, G. Bourdet, C. Dambrine, S. Ferré, A. Fülöp, S. Le Moal, A. Pichot, G. Le Touzé, and Z. Zhao, "Overview of the Lucia laser program: towards 100 Joules, nanosecond pulses, kW averaged power, based on Ytterbium Diode Pumped Solid State Laser," Proc. SPIE 5707, 105-116 (2005).
[CrossRef]

1996 (1)

C. D. Orth, S. A. Payne, and W. P. Krupke, "A Diode Pumped Solid State Driver for Inertial Fusion Energy," Nucl. Fusion 36, 75-116 (1996).
[CrossRef]

1995 (1)

C. D. Marshall, S. A. Payne, L. K. Smith, H. T. Powell, W. F. Krupke, and B. H. T. Chai, "1.047-m Yb:Sr5(PO4)3F Energy Storage Optical Amplifier," IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 1, 67-77 (1995).
[CrossRef]

1986 (1)

D. D. Lowenthal and J. M. Eggleston, "ASE Effects in Small Aspect Ratio Laser Oscillators and Amplifiers with Nonsaturable Absorption," IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 22, 1165-1173 (1986).
[CrossRef]

1978 (1)

1976 (1)

1974 (1)

1973 (1)

L. Allen and G. I. Peters, "Amplified spontaneous emission and external signal amplification in an inverted medium," Phys. Rev. A 8, 2031-2047 (1973).
[CrossRef]

1971 (1)

G. I. Peters and L. Allen, "Amplified Spontaneous Emission.1. Threshold Condition," J. Phys. A 4, 238-243 (1971).
[CrossRef]

Albach, D.

J.-C. Chanteloup, D. Albach, F. Ass’emat, S. Bahbah, G. Bourdet, M. Pluvinage, B. Vincent, G. le Touzé, T. Mattern, J. Biesenbach, H. Muentz, A. Noeske, and R Venohr, "Wavelength tunable, 264 J Laser Diode Array for 10 Hz/1ms Yb:YAG pumping," in Journal of Physics: Conference Series, J. of Phys. 112, 032056 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Allen, L.

L. Allen and G. I. Peters, "Amplified spontaneous emission and external signal amplification in an inverted medium," Phys. Rev. A 8, 2031-2047 (1973).
[CrossRef]

G. I. Peters and L. Allen, "Amplified Spontaneous Emission.1. Threshold Condition," J. Phys. A 4, 238-243 (1971).
[CrossRef]

Armstrong, P.

A. Bayramian, P. Armstrong, E. Ault, R. Beach, C. Bibeau, J. Caird, R. Campbell, B. Chai, J. Dawson, C. Ebbers, A. Erlandson, Y. Fei, B. Freitas, R. Kent, Z. Liao, T. Ladran, J. Menapace, B. Molander, S. Payne, N. Peterson, M. Randles, K. Schaffers, S. Sutton, J. Tassano, S. Telford, and E. Utterback, "The MERCURY project: A high average power, gas-cooled laser for inertial fusion energy development," Fusion Sci. Technol. 52, 383-387 (2007).

Ass’emat, F.

J.-C. Chanteloup, D. Albach, F. Ass’emat, S. Bahbah, G. Bourdet, M. Pluvinage, B. Vincent, G. le Touzé, T. Mattern, J. Biesenbach, H. Muentz, A. Noeske, and R Venohr, "Wavelength tunable, 264 J Laser Diode Array for 10 Hz/1ms Yb:YAG pumping," in Journal of Physics: Conference Series, J. of Phys. 112, 032056 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Ault, E.

A. Bayramian, P. Armstrong, E. Ault, R. Beach, C. Bibeau, J. Caird, R. Campbell, B. Chai, J. Dawson, C. Ebbers, A. Erlandson, Y. Fei, B. Freitas, R. Kent, Z. Liao, T. Ladran, J. Menapace, B. Molander, S. Payne, N. Peterson, M. Randles, K. Schaffers, S. Sutton, J. Tassano, S. Telford, and E. Utterback, "The MERCURY project: A high average power, gas-cooled laser for inertial fusion energy development," Fusion Sci. Technol. 52, 383-387 (2007).

Bahbah, S.

J.-C. Chanteloup, D. Albach, F. Ass’emat, S. Bahbah, G. Bourdet, M. Pluvinage, B. Vincent, G. le Touzé, T. Mattern, J. Biesenbach, H. Muentz, A. Noeske, and R Venohr, "Wavelength tunable, 264 J Laser Diode Array for 10 Hz/1ms Yb:YAG pumping," in Journal of Physics: Conference Series, J. of Phys. 112, 032056 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Bayramian, A.

A. Bayramian, P. Armstrong, E. Ault, R. Beach, C. Bibeau, J. Caird, R. Campbell, B. Chai, J. Dawson, C. Ebbers, A. Erlandson, Y. Fei, B. Freitas, R. Kent, Z. Liao, T. Ladran, J. Menapace, B. Molander, S. Payne, N. Peterson, M. Randles, K. Schaffers, S. Sutton, J. Tassano, S. Telford, and E. Utterback, "The MERCURY project: A high average power, gas-cooled laser for inertial fusion energy development," Fusion Sci. Technol. 52, 383-387 (2007).

Beach, R.

A. Bayramian, P. Armstrong, E. Ault, R. Beach, C. Bibeau, J. Caird, R. Campbell, B. Chai, J. Dawson, C. Ebbers, A. Erlandson, Y. Fei, B. Freitas, R. Kent, Z. Liao, T. Ladran, J. Menapace, B. Molander, S. Payne, N. Peterson, M. Randles, K. Schaffers, S. Sutton, J. Tassano, S. Telford, and E. Utterback, "The MERCURY project: A high average power, gas-cooled laser for inertial fusion energy development," Fusion Sci. Technol. 52, 383-387 (2007).

Bibeau, C.

A. Bayramian, P. Armstrong, E. Ault, R. Beach, C. Bibeau, J. Caird, R. Campbell, B. Chai, J. Dawson, C. Ebbers, A. Erlandson, Y. Fei, B. Freitas, R. Kent, Z. Liao, T. Ladran, J. Menapace, B. Molander, S. Payne, N. Peterson, M. Randles, K. Schaffers, S. Sutton, J. Tassano, S. Telford, and E. Utterback, "The MERCURY project: A high average power, gas-cooled laser for inertial fusion energy development," Fusion Sci. Technol. 52, 383-387 (2007).

Biesenbach, J.

J.-C. Chanteloup, D. Albach, F. Ass’emat, S. Bahbah, G. Bourdet, M. Pluvinage, B. Vincent, G. le Touzé, T. Mattern, J. Biesenbach, H. Muentz, A. Noeske, and R Venohr, "Wavelength tunable, 264 J Laser Diode Array for 10 Hz/1ms Yb:YAG pumping," in Journal of Physics: Conference Series, J. of Phys. 112, 032056 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Bock, S.

M. Siebold, J. Hein, M. Hornung, S. Podleska, M. C. Kaluza, S. Bock, and R. Sauerbrey, "Diode-pumped lasers for ultra-high peak power," Appl. Phys. B 90, 431-437 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Bödefeld, R.

J. Hein, M. Kaluza, R. Bödefeld, M. Siebold, S. Podleska, and R. Sauerbrey, "POLARIS: An All Diode-Pumped Ultrahigh Peak Power Laser for High Repetition Rates," Lect. Notes Phys. 694, 47-66 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Bourdet, G.

J.-C. Chanteloup, D. Albach, F. Ass’emat, S. Bahbah, G. Bourdet, M. Pluvinage, B. Vincent, G. le Touzé, T. Mattern, J. Biesenbach, H. Muentz, A. Noeske, and R Venohr, "Wavelength tunable, 264 J Laser Diode Array for 10 Hz/1ms Yb:YAG pumping," in Journal of Physics: Conference Series, J. of Phys. 112, 032056 (2008).
[CrossRef]

J.-C. Chanteloup, H. Yu, G. Bourdet, C. Dambrine, S. Ferré, A. Fülöp, S. Le Moal, A. Pichot, G. Le Touzé, and Z. Zhao, "Overview of the Lucia laser program: towards 100 Joules, nanosecond pulses, kW averaged power, based on Ytterbium Diode Pumped Solid State Laser," Proc. SPIE 5707, 105-116 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Brown, D. C.

Caird, J.

A. Bayramian, P. Armstrong, E. Ault, R. Beach, C. Bibeau, J. Caird, R. Campbell, B. Chai, J. Dawson, C. Ebbers, A. Erlandson, Y. Fei, B. Freitas, R. Kent, Z. Liao, T. Ladran, J. Menapace, B. Molander, S. Payne, N. Peterson, M. Randles, K. Schaffers, S. Sutton, J. Tassano, S. Telford, and E. Utterback, "The MERCURY project: A high average power, gas-cooled laser for inertial fusion energy development," Fusion Sci. Technol. 52, 383-387 (2007).

Campbell, R.

A. Bayramian, P. Armstrong, E. Ault, R. Beach, C. Bibeau, J. Caird, R. Campbell, B. Chai, J. Dawson, C. Ebbers, A. Erlandson, Y. Fei, B. Freitas, R. Kent, Z. Liao, T. Ladran, J. Menapace, B. Molander, S. Payne, N. Peterson, M. Randles, K. Schaffers, S. Sutton, J. Tassano, S. Telford, and E. Utterback, "The MERCURY project: A high average power, gas-cooled laser for inertial fusion energy development," Fusion Sci. Technol. 52, 383-387 (2007).

Chai, B.

A. Bayramian, P. Armstrong, E. Ault, R. Beach, C. Bibeau, J. Caird, R. Campbell, B. Chai, J. Dawson, C. Ebbers, A. Erlandson, Y. Fei, B. Freitas, R. Kent, Z. Liao, T. Ladran, J. Menapace, B. Molander, S. Payne, N. Peterson, M. Randles, K. Schaffers, S. Sutton, J. Tassano, S. Telford, and E. Utterback, "The MERCURY project: A high average power, gas-cooled laser for inertial fusion energy development," Fusion Sci. Technol. 52, 383-387 (2007).

Chai, B. H. T.

C. D. Marshall, S. A. Payne, L. K. Smith, H. T. Powell, W. F. Krupke, and B. H. T. Chai, "1.047-m Yb:Sr5(PO4)3F Energy Storage Optical Amplifier," IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 1, 67-77 (1995).
[CrossRef]

Chanteloup, J.-C.

J.-C. Chanteloup, D. Albach, F. Ass’emat, S. Bahbah, G. Bourdet, M. Pluvinage, B. Vincent, G. le Touzé, T. Mattern, J. Biesenbach, H. Muentz, A. Noeske, and R Venohr, "Wavelength tunable, 264 J Laser Diode Array for 10 Hz/1ms Yb:YAG pumping," in Journal of Physics: Conference Series, J. of Phys. 112, 032056 (2008).
[CrossRef]

J.-C. Chanteloup, H. Yu, G. Bourdet, C. Dambrine, S. Ferré, A. Fülöp, S. Le Moal, A. Pichot, G. Le Touzé, and Z. Zhao, "Overview of the Lucia laser program: towards 100 Joules, nanosecond pulses, kW averaged power, based on Ytterbium Diode Pumped Solid State Laser," Proc. SPIE 5707, 105-116 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Dambrine, C.

J.-C. Chanteloup, H. Yu, G. Bourdet, C. Dambrine, S. Ferré, A. Fülöp, S. Le Moal, A. Pichot, G. Le Touzé, and Z. Zhao, "Overview of the Lucia laser program: towards 100 Joules, nanosecond pulses, kW averaged power, based on Ytterbium Diode Pumped Solid State Laser," Proc. SPIE 5707, 105-116 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Dawson, J.

A. Bayramian, P. Armstrong, E. Ault, R. Beach, C. Bibeau, J. Caird, R. Campbell, B. Chai, J. Dawson, C. Ebbers, A. Erlandson, Y. Fei, B. Freitas, R. Kent, Z. Liao, T. Ladran, J. Menapace, B. Molander, S. Payne, N. Peterson, M. Randles, K. Schaffers, S. Sutton, J. Tassano, S. Telford, and E. Utterback, "The MERCURY project: A high average power, gas-cooled laser for inertial fusion energy development," Fusion Sci. Technol. 52, 383-387 (2007).

Ebbers, C.

A. Bayramian, P. Armstrong, E. Ault, R. Beach, C. Bibeau, J. Caird, R. Campbell, B. Chai, J. Dawson, C. Ebbers, A. Erlandson, Y. Fei, B. Freitas, R. Kent, Z. Liao, T. Ladran, J. Menapace, B. Molander, S. Payne, N. Peterson, M. Randles, K. Schaffers, S. Sutton, J. Tassano, S. Telford, and E. Utterback, "The MERCURY project: A high average power, gas-cooled laser for inertial fusion energy development," Fusion Sci. Technol. 52, 383-387 (2007).

Eggleston, J. M.

D. D. Lowenthal and J. M. Eggleston, "ASE Effects in Small Aspect Ratio Laser Oscillators and Amplifiers with Nonsaturable Absorption," IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 22, 1165-1173 (1986).
[CrossRef]

Erlandson, A.

A. Bayramian, P. Armstrong, E. Ault, R. Beach, C. Bibeau, J. Caird, R. Campbell, B. Chai, J. Dawson, C. Ebbers, A. Erlandson, Y. Fei, B. Freitas, R. Kent, Z. Liao, T. Ladran, J. Menapace, B. Molander, S. Payne, N. Peterson, M. Randles, K. Schaffers, S. Sutton, J. Tassano, S. Telford, and E. Utterback, "The MERCURY project: A high average power, gas-cooled laser for inertial fusion energy development," Fusion Sci. Technol. 52, 383-387 (2007).

Fei, Y.

A. Bayramian, P. Armstrong, E. Ault, R. Beach, C. Bibeau, J. Caird, R. Campbell, B. Chai, J. Dawson, C. Ebbers, A. Erlandson, Y. Fei, B. Freitas, R. Kent, Z. Liao, T. Ladran, J. Menapace, B. Molander, S. Payne, N. Peterson, M. Randles, K. Schaffers, S. Sutton, J. Tassano, S. Telford, and E. Utterback, "The MERCURY project: A high average power, gas-cooled laser for inertial fusion energy development," Fusion Sci. Technol. 52, 383-387 (2007).

Ferré, S.

J.-C. Chanteloup, H. Yu, G. Bourdet, C. Dambrine, S. Ferré, A. Fülöp, S. Le Moal, A. Pichot, G. Le Touzé, and Z. Zhao, "Overview of the Lucia laser program: towards 100 Joules, nanosecond pulses, kW averaged power, based on Ytterbium Diode Pumped Solid State Laser," Proc. SPIE 5707, 105-116 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Frede, M.

R. Wilhelm, M. Frede, and D. Kracht, "Power scaling of end-pumped solid-state rod lasers by longitudinal dopant concentration gradients," IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 44, 232-244 (2008)
[CrossRef]

Freitas, B.

A. Bayramian, P. Armstrong, E. Ault, R. Beach, C. Bibeau, J. Caird, R. Campbell, B. Chai, J. Dawson, C. Ebbers, A. Erlandson, Y. Fei, B. Freitas, R. Kent, Z. Liao, T. Ladran, J. Menapace, B. Molander, S. Payne, N. Peterson, M. Randles, K. Schaffers, S. Sutton, J. Tassano, S. Telford, and E. Utterback, "The MERCURY project: A high average power, gas-cooled laser for inertial fusion energy development," Fusion Sci. Technol. 52, 383-387 (2007).

Fülöp, A.

J.-C. Chanteloup, H. Yu, G. Bourdet, C. Dambrine, S. Ferré, A. Fülöp, S. Le Moal, A. Pichot, G. Le Touzé, and Z. Zhao, "Overview of the Lucia laser program: towards 100 Joules, nanosecond pulses, kW averaged power, based on Ytterbium Diode Pumped Solid State Laser," Proc. SPIE 5707, 105-116 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Guch, S.

Hein, J.

M. Siebold, J. Hein, M. Hornung, S. Podleska, M. C. Kaluza, S. Bock, and R. Sauerbrey, "Diode-pumped lasers for ultra-high peak power," Appl. Phys. B 90, 431-437 (2008).
[CrossRef]

J. Hein, M. Kaluza, R. Bödefeld, M. Siebold, S. Podleska, and R. Sauerbrey, "POLARIS: An All Diode-Pumped Ultrahigh Peak Power Laser for High Repetition Rates," Lect. Notes Phys. 694, 47-66 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Hornung, M.

M. Siebold, J. Hein, M. Hornung, S. Podleska, M. C. Kaluza, S. Bock, and R. Sauerbrey, "Diode-pumped lasers for ultra-high peak power," Appl. Phys. B 90, 431-437 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Ikegawa, T.

Izawa, Y.

Jacobs, S. D.

Kaluza, M.

J. Hein, M. Kaluza, R. Bödefeld, M. Siebold, S. Podleska, and R. Sauerbrey, "POLARIS: An All Diode-Pumped Ultrahigh Peak Power Laser for High Repetition Rates," Lect. Notes Phys. 694, 47-66 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Kaluza, M. C.

M. Siebold, J. Hein, M. Hornung, S. Podleska, M. C. Kaluza, S. Bock, and R. Sauerbrey, "Diode-pumped lasers for ultra-high peak power," Appl. Phys. B 90, 431-437 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Kan, H.

Kanabe, T.

Kawanaka, J.

Kawashima, T.

Kent, R.

A. Bayramian, P. Armstrong, E. Ault, R. Beach, C. Bibeau, J. Caird, R. Campbell, B. Chai, J. Dawson, C. Ebbers, A. Erlandson, Y. Fei, B. Freitas, R. Kent, Z. Liao, T. Ladran, J. Menapace, B. Molander, S. Payne, N. Peterson, M. Randles, K. Schaffers, S. Sutton, J. Tassano, S. Telford, and E. Utterback, "The MERCURY project: A high average power, gas-cooled laser for inertial fusion energy development," Fusion Sci. Technol. 52, 383-387 (2007).

Kracht, D.

R. Wilhelm, M. Frede, and D. Kracht, "Power scaling of end-pumped solid-state rod lasers by longitudinal dopant concentration gradients," IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 44, 232-244 (2008)
[CrossRef]

Krupke, W. F.

C. D. Marshall, S. A. Payne, L. K. Smith, H. T. Powell, W. F. Krupke, and B. H. T. Chai, "1.047-m Yb:Sr5(PO4)3F Energy Storage Optical Amplifier," IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 1, 67-77 (1995).
[CrossRef]

Krupke, W. P.

C. D. Orth, S. A. Payne, and W. P. Krupke, "A Diode Pumped Solid State Driver for Inertial Fusion Energy," Nucl. Fusion 36, 75-116 (1996).
[CrossRef]

Kurita, T.

Ladran, T.

A. Bayramian, P. Armstrong, E. Ault, R. Beach, C. Bibeau, J. Caird, R. Campbell, B. Chai, J. Dawson, C. Ebbers, A. Erlandson, Y. Fei, B. Freitas, R. Kent, Z. Liao, T. Ladran, J. Menapace, B. Molander, S. Payne, N. Peterson, M. Randles, K. Schaffers, S. Sutton, J. Tassano, S. Telford, and E. Utterback, "The MERCURY project: A high average power, gas-cooled laser for inertial fusion energy development," Fusion Sci. Technol. 52, 383-387 (2007).

Le Moal, S.

J.-C. Chanteloup, H. Yu, G. Bourdet, C. Dambrine, S. Ferré, A. Fülöp, S. Le Moal, A. Pichot, G. Le Touzé, and Z. Zhao, "Overview of the Lucia laser program: towards 100 Joules, nanosecond pulses, kW averaged power, based on Ytterbium Diode Pumped Solid State Laser," Proc. SPIE 5707, 105-116 (2005).
[CrossRef]

le Touzé, G.

J.-C. Chanteloup, D. Albach, F. Ass’emat, S. Bahbah, G. Bourdet, M. Pluvinage, B. Vincent, G. le Touzé, T. Mattern, J. Biesenbach, H. Muentz, A. Noeske, and R Venohr, "Wavelength tunable, 264 J Laser Diode Array for 10 Hz/1ms Yb:YAG pumping," in Journal of Physics: Conference Series, J. of Phys. 112, 032056 (2008).
[CrossRef]

J.-C. Chanteloup, H. Yu, G. Bourdet, C. Dambrine, S. Ferré, A. Fülöp, S. Le Moal, A. Pichot, G. Le Touzé, and Z. Zhao, "Overview of the Lucia laser program: towards 100 Joules, nanosecond pulses, kW averaged power, based on Ytterbium Diode Pumped Solid State Laser," Proc. SPIE 5707, 105-116 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Liao, Z.

A. Bayramian, P. Armstrong, E. Ault, R. Beach, C. Bibeau, J. Caird, R. Campbell, B. Chai, J. Dawson, C. Ebbers, A. Erlandson, Y. Fei, B. Freitas, R. Kent, Z. Liao, T. Ladran, J. Menapace, B. Molander, S. Payne, N. Peterson, M. Randles, K. Schaffers, S. Sutton, J. Tassano, S. Telford, and E. Utterback, "The MERCURY project: A high average power, gas-cooled laser for inertial fusion energy development," Fusion Sci. Technol. 52, 383-387 (2007).

Linford, G. J.

Lowenthal, D. D.

D. D. Lowenthal and J. M. Eggleston, "ASE Effects in Small Aspect Ratio Laser Oscillators and Amplifiers with Nonsaturable Absorption," IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 22, 1165-1173 (1986).
[CrossRef]

Marshall, C. D.

C. D. Marshall, S. A. Payne, L. K. Smith, H. T. Powell, W. F. Krupke, and B. H. T. Chai, "1.047-m Yb:Sr5(PO4)3F Energy Storage Optical Amplifier," IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 1, 67-77 (1995).
[CrossRef]

Matsumoto, O.

Mattern, T.

J.-C. Chanteloup, D. Albach, F. Ass’emat, S. Bahbah, G. Bourdet, M. Pluvinage, B. Vincent, G. le Touzé, T. Mattern, J. Biesenbach, H. Muentz, A. Noeske, and R Venohr, "Wavelength tunable, 264 J Laser Diode Array for 10 Hz/1ms Yb:YAG pumping," in Journal of Physics: Conference Series, J. of Phys. 112, 032056 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Menapace, J.

A. Bayramian, P. Armstrong, E. Ault, R. Beach, C. Bibeau, J. Caird, R. Campbell, B. Chai, J. Dawson, C. Ebbers, A. Erlandson, Y. Fei, B. Freitas, R. Kent, Z. Liao, T. Ladran, J. Menapace, B. Molander, S. Payne, N. Peterson, M. Randles, K. Schaffers, S. Sutton, J. Tassano, S. Telford, and E. Utterback, "The MERCURY project: A high average power, gas-cooled laser for inertial fusion energy development," Fusion Sci. Technol. 52, 383-387 (2007).

Miyamoto, M.

Miyanaga, N.

Molander, B.

A. Bayramian, P. Armstrong, E. Ault, R. Beach, C. Bibeau, J. Caird, R. Campbell, B. Chai, J. Dawson, C. Ebbers, A. Erlandson, Y. Fei, B. Freitas, R. Kent, Z. Liao, T. Ladran, J. Menapace, B. Molander, S. Payne, N. Peterson, M. Randles, K. Schaffers, S. Sutton, J. Tassano, S. Telford, and E. Utterback, "The MERCURY project: A high average power, gas-cooled laser for inertial fusion energy development," Fusion Sci. Technol. 52, 383-387 (2007).

Muentz, H.

J.-C. Chanteloup, D. Albach, F. Ass’emat, S. Bahbah, G. Bourdet, M. Pluvinage, B. Vincent, G. le Touzé, T. Mattern, J. Biesenbach, H. Muentz, A. Noeske, and R Venohr, "Wavelength tunable, 264 J Laser Diode Array for 10 Hz/1ms Yb:YAG pumping," in Journal of Physics: Conference Series, J. of Phys. 112, 032056 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Nakatsuka, M.

Nee, N.

Noeske, A.

J.-C. Chanteloup, D. Albach, F. Ass’emat, S. Bahbah, G. Bourdet, M. Pluvinage, B. Vincent, G. le Touzé, T. Mattern, J. Biesenbach, H. Muentz, A. Noeske, and R Venohr, "Wavelength tunable, 264 J Laser Diode Array for 10 Hz/1ms Yb:YAG pumping," in Journal of Physics: Conference Series, J. of Phys. 112, 032056 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Orth, C. D.

C. D. Orth, S. A. Payne, and W. P. Krupke, "A Diode Pumped Solid State Driver for Inertial Fusion Energy," Nucl. Fusion 36, 75-116 (1996).
[CrossRef]

Payne, S.

A. Bayramian, P. Armstrong, E. Ault, R. Beach, C. Bibeau, J. Caird, R. Campbell, B. Chai, J. Dawson, C. Ebbers, A. Erlandson, Y. Fei, B. Freitas, R. Kent, Z. Liao, T. Ladran, J. Menapace, B. Molander, S. Payne, N. Peterson, M. Randles, K. Schaffers, S. Sutton, J. Tassano, S. Telford, and E. Utterback, "The MERCURY project: A high average power, gas-cooled laser for inertial fusion energy development," Fusion Sci. Technol. 52, 383-387 (2007).

Payne, S. A.

C. D. Orth, S. A. Payne, and W. P. Krupke, "A Diode Pumped Solid State Driver for Inertial Fusion Energy," Nucl. Fusion 36, 75-116 (1996).
[CrossRef]

C. D. Marshall, S. A. Payne, L. K. Smith, H. T. Powell, W. F. Krupke, and B. H. T. Chai, "1.047-m Yb:Sr5(PO4)3F Energy Storage Optical Amplifier," IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 1, 67-77 (1995).
[CrossRef]

Peressini, E. R.

Peters, G. I.

L. Allen and G. I. Peters, "Amplified spontaneous emission and external signal amplification in an inverted medium," Phys. Rev. A 8, 2031-2047 (1973).
[CrossRef]

G. I. Peters and L. Allen, "Amplified Spontaneous Emission.1. Threshold Condition," J. Phys. A 4, 238-243 (1971).
[CrossRef]

Peterson, N.

A. Bayramian, P. Armstrong, E. Ault, R. Beach, C. Bibeau, J. Caird, R. Campbell, B. Chai, J. Dawson, C. Ebbers, A. Erlandson, Y. Fei, B. Freitas, R. Kent, Z. Liao, T. Ladran, J. Menapace, B. Molander, S. Payne, N. Peterson, M. Randles, K. Schaffers, S. Sutton, J. Tassano, S. Telford, and E. Utterback, "The MERCURY project: A high average power, gas-cooled laser for inertial fusion energy development," Fusion Sci. Technol. 52, 383-387 (2007).

Pichot, A.

J.-C. Chanteloup, H. Yu, G. Bourdet, C. Dambrine, S. Ferré, A. Fülöp, S. Le Moal, A. Pichot, G. Le Touzé, and Z. Zhao, "Overview of the Lucia laser program: towards 100 Joules, nanosecond pulses, kW averaged power, based on Ytterbium Diode Pumped Solid State Laser," Proc. SPIE 5707, 105-116 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Pluvinage, M.

J.-C. Chanteloup, D. Albach, F. Ass’emat, S. Bahbah, G. Bourdet, M. Pluvinage, B. Vincent, G. le Touzé, T. Mattern, J. Biesenbach, H. Muentz, A. Noeske, and R Venohr, "Wavelength tunable, 264 J Laser Diode Array for 10 Hz/1ms Yb:YAG pumping," in Journal of Physics: Conference Series, J. of Phys. 112, 032056 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Podleska, S.

M. Siebold, J. Hein, M. Hornung, S. Podleska, M. C. Kaluza, S. Bock, and R. Sauerbrey, "Diode-pumped lasers for ultra-high peak power," Appl. Phys. B 90, 431-437 (2008).
[CrossRef]

J. Hein, M. Kaluza, R. Bödefeld, M. Siebold, S. Podleska, and R. Sauerbrey, "POLARIS: An All Diode-Pumped Ultrahigh Peak Power Laser for High Repetition Rates," Lect. Notes Phys. 694, 47-66 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Powell, H. T.

C. D. Marshall, S. A. Payne, L. K. Smith, H. T. Powell, W. F. Krupke, and B. H. T. Chai, "1.047-m Yb:Sr5(PO4)3F Energy Storage Optical Amplifier," IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 1, 67-77 (1995).
[CrossRef]

Randles, M.

A. Bayramian, P. Armstrong, E. Ault, R. Beach, C. Bibeau, J. Caird, R. Campbell, B. Chai, J. Dawson, C. Ebbers, A. Erlandson, Y. Fei, B. Freitas, R. Kent, Z. Liao, T. Ladran, J. Menapace, B. Molander, S. Payne, N. Peterson, M. Randles, K. Schaffers, S. Sutton, J. Tassano, S. Telford, and E. Utterback, "The MERCURY project: A high average power, gas-cooled laser for inertial fusion energy development," Fusion Sci. Technol. 52, 383-387 (2007).

Sauerbrey, R.

M. Siebold, J. Hein, M. Hornung, S. Podleska, M. C. Kaluza, S. Bock, and R. Sauerbrey, "Diode-pumped lasers for ultra-high peak power," Appl. Phys. B 90, 431-437 (2008).
[CrossRef]

J. Hein, M. Kaluza, R. Bödefeld, M. Siebold, S. Podleska, and R. Sauerbrey, "POLARIS: An All Diode-Pumped Ultrahigh Peak Power Laser for High Repetition Rates," Lect. Notes Phys. 694, 47-66 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Schaffers, K.

A. Bayramian, P. Armstrong, E. Ault, R. Beach, C. Bibeau, J. Caird, R. Campbell, B. Chai, J. Dawson, C. Ebbers, A. Erlandson, Y. Fei, B. Freitas, R. Kent, Z. Liao, T. Ladran, J. Menapace, B. Molander, S. Payne, N. Peterson, M. Randles, K. Schaffers, S. Sutton, J. Tassano, S. Telford, and E. Utterback, "The MERCURY project: A high average power, gas-cooled laser for inertial fusion energy development," Fusion Sci. Technol. 52, 383-387 (2007).

Sekine, T.

Siebold, M.

M. Siebold, J. Hein, M. Hornung, S. Podleska, M. C. Kaluza, S. Bock, and R. Sauerbrey, "Diode-pumped lasers for ultra-high peak power," Appl. Phys. B 90, 431-437 (2008).
[CrossRef]

J. Hein, M. Kaluza, R. Bödefeld, M. Siebold, S. Podleska, and R. Sauerbrey, "POLARIS: An All Diode-Pumped Ultrahigh Peak Power Laser for High Repetition Rates," Lect. Notes Phys. 694, 47-66 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Smith, L. K.

C. D. Marshall, S. A. Payne, L. K. Smith, H. T. Powell, W. F. Krupke, and B. H. T. Chai, "1.047-m Yb:Sr5(PO4)3F Energy Storage Optical Amplifier," IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 1, 67-77 (1995).
[CrossRef]

Sooy, W. R.

Spaeth, M. L.

Sutton, S.

A. Bayramian, P. Armstrong, E. Ault, R. Beach, C. Bibeau, J. Caird, R. Campbell, B. Chai, J. Dawson, C. Ebbers, A. Erlandson, Y. Fei, B. Freitas, R. Kent, Z. Liao, T. Ladran, J. Menapace, B. Molander, S. Payne, N. Peterson, M. Randles, K. Schaffers, S. Sutton, J. Tassano, S. Telford, and E. Utterback, "The MERCURY project: A high average power, gas-cooled laser for inertial fusion energy development," Fusion Sci. Technol. 52, 383-387 (2007).

Tassano, J.

A. Bayramian, P. Armstrong, E. Ault, R. Beach, C. Bibeau, J. Caird, R. Campbell, B. Chai, J. Dawson, C. Ebbers, A. Erlandson, Y. Fei, B. Freitas, R. Kent, Z. Liao, T. Ladran, J. Menapace, B. Molander, S. Payne, N. Peterson, M. Randles, K. Schaffers, S. Sutton, J. Tassano, S. Telford, and E. Utterback, "The MERCURY project: A high average power, gas-cooled laser for inertial fusion energy development," Fusion Sci. Technol. 52, 383-387 (2007).

Telford, S.

A. Bayramian, P. Armstrong, E. Ault, R. Beach, C. Bibeau, J. Caird, R. Campbell, B. Chai, J. Dawson, C. Ebbers, A. Erlandson, Y. Fei, B. Freitas, R. Kent, Z. Liao, T. Ladran, J. Menapace, B. Molander, S. Payne, N. Peterson, M. Randles, K. Schaffers, S. Sutton, J. Tassano, S. Telford, and E. Utterback, "The MERCURY project: A high average power, gas-cooled laser for inertial fusion energy development," Fusion Sci. Technol. 52, 383-387 (2007).

Utterback, E.

A. Bayramian, P. Armstrong, E. Ault, R. Beach, C. Bibeau, J. Caird, R. Campbell, B. Chai, J. Dawson, C. Ebbers, A. Erlandson, Y. Fei, B. Freitas, R. Kent, Z. Liao, T. Ladran, J. Menapace, B. Molander, S. Payne, N. Peterson, M. Randles, K. Schaffers, S. Sutton, J. Tassano, S. Telford, and E. Utterback, "The MERCURY project: A high average power, gas-cooled laser for inertial fusion energy development," Fusion Sci. Technol. 52, 383-387 (2007).

Venohr, R

J.-C. Chanteloup, D. Albach, F. Ass’emat, S. Bahbah, G. Bourdet, M. Pluvinage, B. Vincent, G. le Touzé, T. Mattern, J. Biesenbach, H. Muentz, A. Noeske, and R Venohr, "Wavelength tunable, 264 J Laser Diode Array for 10 Hz/1ms Yb:YAG pumping," in Journal of Physics: Conference Series, J. of Phys. 112, 032056 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Vincent, B.

J.-C. Chanteloup, D. Albach, F. Ass’emat, S. Bahbah, G. Bourdet, M. Pluvinage, B. Vincent, G. le Touzé, T. Mattern, J. Biesenbach, H. Muentz, A. Noeske, and R Venohr, "Wavelength tunable, 264 J Laser Diode Array for 10 Hz/1ms Yb:YAG pumping," in Journal of Physics: Conference Series, J. of Phys. 112, 032056 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Wilhelm, R.

R. Wilhelm, M. Frede, and D. Kracht, "Power scaling of end-pumped solid-state rod lasers by longitudinal dopant concentration gradients," IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 44, 232-244 (2008)
[CrossRef]

Yasuhara, R.

Yoshida, H.

Yu, H.

J.-C. Chanteloup, H. Yu, G. Bourdet, C. Dambrine, S. Ferré, A. Fülöp, S. Le Moal, A. Pichot, G. Le Touzé, and Z. Zhao, "Overview of the Lucia laser program: towards 100 Joules, nanosecond pulses, kW averaged power, based on Ytterbium Diode Pumped Solid State Laser," Proc. SPIE 5707, 105-116 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Zhao, Z.

J.-C. Chanteloup, H. Yu, G. Bourdet, C. Dambrine, S. Ferré, A. Fülöp, S. Le Moal, A. Pichot, G. Le Touzé, and Z. Zhao, "Overview of the Lucia laser program: towards 100 Joules, nanosecond pulses, kW averaged power, based on Ytterbium Diode Pumped Solid State Laser," Proc. SPIE 5707, 105-116 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Appl. Opt. (3)

Appl. Phys. B (1)

M. Siebold, J. Hein, M. Hornung, S. Podleska, M. C. Kaluza, S. Bock, and R. Sauerbrey, "Diode-pumped lasers for ultra-high peak power," Appl. Phys. B 90, 431-437 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Fusion Sci. Technol. (1)

A. Bayramian, P. Armstrong, E. Ault, R. Beach, C. Bibeau, J. Caird, R. Campbell, B. Chai, J. Dawson, C. Ebbers, A. Erlandson, Y. Fei, B. Freitas, R. Kent, Z. Liao, T. Ladran, J. Menapace, B. Molander, S. Payne, N. Peterson, M. Randles, K. Schaffers, S. Sutton, J. Tassano, S. Telford, and E. Utterback, "The MERCURY project: A high average power, gas-cooled laser for inertial fusion energy development," Fusion Sci. Technol. 52, 383-387 (2007).

IEEE J. Quantum Electron. (2)

D. D. Lowenthal and J. M. Eggleston, "ASE Effects in Small Aspect Ratio Laser Oscillators and Amplifiers with Nonsaturable Absorption," IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 22, 1165-1173 (1986).
[CrossRef]

R. Wilhelm, M. Frede, and D. Kracht, "Power scaling of end-pumped solid-state rod lasers by longitudinal dopant concentration gradients," IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 44, 232-244 (2008)
[CrossRef]

IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. (1)

C. D. Marshall, S. A. Payne, L. K. Smith, H. T. Powell, W. F. Krupke, and B. H. T. Chai, "1.047-m Yb:Sr5(PO4)3F Energy Storage Optical Amplifier," IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 1, 67-77 (1995).
[CrossRef]

J. of Phys. (1)

J.-C. Chanteloup, D. Albach, F. Ass’emat, S. Bahbah, G. Bourdet, M. Pluvinage, B. Vincent, G. le Touzé, T. Mattern, J. Biesenbach, H. Muentz, A. Noeske, and R Venohr, "Wavelength tunable, 264 J Laser Diode Array for 10 Hz/1ms Yb:YAG pumping," in Journal of Physics: Conference Series, J. of Phys. 112, 032056 (2008).
[CrossRef]

J. Phys. A (1)

G. I. Peters and L. Allen, "Amplified Spontaneous Emission.1. Threshold Condition," J. Phys. A 4, 238-243 (1971).
[CrossRef]

Lect. Notes Phys. (1)

J. Hein, M. Kaluza, R. Bödefeld, M. Siebold, S. Podleska, and R. Sauerbrey, "POLARIS: An All Diode-Pumped Ultrahigh Peak Power Laser for High Repetition Rates," Lect. Notes Phys. 694, 47-66 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Nucl. Fusion (1)

C. D. Orth, S. A. Payne, and W. P. Krupke, "A Diode Pumped Solid State Driver for Inertial Fusion Energy," Nucl. Fusion 36, 75-116 (1996).
[CrossRef]

Opt. Lett. (1)

Phys. Rev. A (1)

L. Allen and G. I. Peters, "Amplified spontaneous emission and external signal amplification in an inverted medium," Phys. Rev. A 8, 2031-2047 (1973).
[CrossRef]

Proc. SPIE (1)

J.-C. Chanteloup, H. Yu, G. Bourdet, C. Dambrine, S. Ferré, A. Fülöp, S. Le Moal, A. Pichot, G. Le Touzé, and Z. Zhao, "Overview of the Lucia laser program: towards 100 Joules, nanosecond pulses, kW averaged power, based on Ytterbium Diode Pumped Solid State Laser," Proc. SPIE 5707, 105-116 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Other (3)

E. D. Palik, Handbook of Optical Constants of Solids (Academic Press, 1998)

S. Bahbah, D. Albach, J-C. Chanteloup, Ph. Hollander, and B. Vincent, "Gain and thermal distortion investigation on the diode pumped Yb:YAG Lucia oscillator," Conference on Lasers and Electro-Optics (CLEO), San Jose, USA, 4.-9. May 2008.

J.-C. Chanteloup, D. Albach, G. Bourdet, Ph. Hollander, and B. Vincent, "Impact of variable doped gain medium on HiPER multiple kJ - 10kW average power high repetition rate beam lines design," accepted at Advanced Solid State Photonics (ASSP), Denver, Colorado, USA, 2.-4. Febr. 2009.

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Figures (7)

Fig. 1.
Fig. 1.

Overview over the amplifiers of the LUCIA laser system. As described in [9], we see the partially filled laser diode array with the multiplexing prisms (a), the concentration mirrors (b) on the left picture. The image on the right shows the illuminated laser gain medium in its cooling head (c).

Fig. 2.
Fig. 2.

Pumping and probing setup. The gain medium is pumped perpendicular to the front surface (lower left picture). Different positions are probed within the Line Of Interest (LOI). The experimental pump light distribution is shown in the upper left figure. A vertical and horizontal line out is shown on the right side in the case of 18kW/cm 2 average pump intensity.

Fig. 3.
Fig. 3.

Two examples for a calculated gain distribution derived using the Monte-Carlo code. On the left (a) the result for a 1at.% doped, 30mm thick crystal is shown. On the right (b) the 10 at.%, 3mm case is shown. In both cases a uniform pump intensity of 14 kW/cm2 on an 10×40 mm2 area was used. The gain maps were computed by integration along the z-axis defined in Fig. 2. The horizontal line outs are shown above.

Fig. 4.
Fig. 4.

On left (a) the result of a 1D calculation omitting ASE in the transmission case of a 4cm thick Yb3+:YAG crystal doped at 1at.% is shown. The pump has an intensity of 10kW/cm 2 and a duration of 1ms. The horizontal axis shows the position z in the crystal, while the vertical axis represents the small signal gain g 0. The graph on the right (b) shows the gain G for a ray traveling under TIR and the conditions of (a) as a function of the Aspect Ratio (AR).

Fig. 5.
Fig. 5.

Experimental gain distributions for a Yb3+:YAG crystal doped at 1at.% (a) and 10at.% pumped at 10 (blue circle), 14 (green upright box) and 18 (red box) kW/cm 2. The gain corresponds to the horizontal line out in the center of the pumped region.

Fig. 6.
Fig. 6.

The upper row shows the temporal evolution during pumping in the case of a 1at.% doped, 5mm thick crystal for the most outer point on the left (a), the center (b) and the most outer right measured point (c) in the case of 10 (blue), 14 (green) and 18 (red) kW/cm 2. The lower row shows the same measurement in the case of a 10at.% doped, 3mm thick crystal. The horizontal axis shows the time after pump begin in ms, while the vertical axis shows the measured gain. The pump duration was 1ms.

Fig. 7.
Fig. 7.

A comparison between the average measured gain along the Line Of Interest (LOI) (points) and calculations (lines) in the case of 10 (a), 14 (b) and 18 (c) kW/cm 2. The solid line corresponds to the non-ASE calculations, the dotted lines to the simulations on a 40× 10mm 2 surface for a doping of 1at.% (black), 5at.% (red) and 10at.% (blue). Indicated by the fasciated areas are the upper/lower limit corresponding to the maximum/minimum value found in the line outs (see Fig.3). The horizontal axis shows the factor [doping × thickness] (cT) of the crystal. On the vertical axis the gain G in transmission is shown.

Tables (1)

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Table 1. Maximum g 0 L assuming a uniform pump distribution of 10, 14 and 18kW/cm2 and a transverse size of L = 40mm. ASE is neglected during pumping.

Equations (6)

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d n d t = d n d t pump d n d t S E × M ASE
M ASE ( r 0 ) = 1 + τ rad ( r 0 ) λ [ σ a ( λ , r 0 ) ( 1 n tot ( r 0 ) n ( r 0 ) ) + σ a ( λ , r 0 ) ] Φ ASE ( λ , r 0 ) d λ
Φ ASE ( λ , r 0 ) = 1 4 π V 1 ρ ( r , r 0 ) 2 n ( r ) τ rad ( r ) g ( λ ) G r r 0 d V
M ASE ( r 0 ) = 1 + 1 4 π [ σ a ( 1 n tot ( r 0 ) n ( r 0 ) ) + σ a ] V 1 ρ ( r , r 0 ) 2 G r r 0 d V
n max I P n tot I satp M ASE + I P
A R L = n 2 n 1 2 n 2 2 ,

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