Abstract

A symmetric dielectric loaded surface plasmon polariton waveguide is proposed and numerically analyzed. The characteristics of the symmetric and asymmetric bound modes, including the effective mode indices, propagation lengths, mode sizes and mode shapes at telecom wavelength 1.55μm are investigated in detail. The simulation results show that the sub-wavelength confinement (about 1.45μm) and a long propagation (about 820μm) can be realized. Although the mode sizes are a bit larger than that of the dielectric loaded surface plasmon polariton waveguide, an order longer propagation length can be achieved. The proposed symmetric dielectric loaded surface plasmon polariton waveguide provides a potential for low loss and high density photonic integration.

© 2009 Optical Society of America

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  1. V. M. Shalaev and S. Kawata, eds., Nanophotonics with surface plasmons, (Elsevier, 2007).
  2. G. Gagnon, N. Lahoud, G. A. Mattiussi, and P. Berini, "Thermally Activated variable attenuation of long-range surface plasmon-polariton waves," J. Lightwave Technol 24, 4391-4401 (2006).
    [CrossRef]
  3. S. Park and S. H. Song, "Polymeric variable optical attenuator based on long range surface plasmon polaritons," Electron. Lett. 42, 402-404 (2006).
    [CrossRef]
  4. T. Nikolajsen, K. Leosson, and S. I. Bozhevolnyi, "In-line extinction modulator based on long-range surface plasmon polaritons," Opt. Commun. 244, 455-459 (2005).
    [CrossRef]
  5. T. Nikolajsen, K. Leosson, and S. I. Bozhevolnyi, "Surface plasmon polariton based modulators and switches operating at telecom wavelengths," Appl. Phys. Lett 85, 5833-5835 (2004).
    [CrossRef]
  6. S. Jette-Charbonneau, R. Charbonneau, N. Lahoud, G. Mattiussi, and P. Berini, "Demonstration of Bragg gratings based on long-ranging surface plasmon polariton waveguides," Opt. Express 13, 4674-4682 (2005).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  7. P. Berini, "Plasmon-polariton waves guided by thin lossy metal films of finite width: Bound modes of symmetric structures," Phys. Rev. B 61, 10484-10503 (2000).
    [CrossRef]
  8. Q1. S. J. Al-Bader, "Optical transmission on metallic wires-fundamental modes," J. Quantum Electron 40, 325-329 (2004).
    [CrossRef]
  9. R. Zia, M. D. Selker, and M. L. Brongersma, "Leaky and bound modes of surface plasmon waveguides," Phys. Rev. B 71, 165431 (2005).
    [CrossRef]
  10. A. Boltasseva, T. Nikolajsen, K. Leosson, K. Kjaer, M. S. Larsen, and S. I. Bozhevolnyi, "Integrated optical components utilizing Long-Range surface plasmon polaritons," J. Lightwave Technol 23, 413-422 (2005).
    [CrossRef]
  11. J. Jiang, C. L. Challender, S. Jacob, J. P. Noad, S. R. Chen, J. Ballato, and D. W. Smith. Jr, "Long-range surface plasmon polariton waveguides embedded in fluorinated polymer," Appl. Opt 47, 3892-3900 (2008).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  12. J. J. Ju, S. Park, M. S. Kim, J. T. Kim, S. K. Park, Y. J. Park, and M. H. Lee, "Polymer-based long-range surface plasmon polariton waveguides for 10-Gbps optical signal transmission applications," J. Lightwave Technol 26, 1510-1518 (2008).
    [CrossRef]
  13. Y. H. Joo, M. J. Jung, J. W. Yoon, S. H. Song, H. S. Won, S. Park, and J. J. Ju, "Long-range surface plasmon polaritons on asymmetric double-electrode structures," Appl. Phys. Lett 92, 161103 (2008).
    [CrossRef]
  14. S. I. Bozhevolnyi, V. S. Volkov, E. Devaux, and T. W. Ebbesen, "Channel plasmon-polariton guiding by subwavelength metal grooves," Phys. Rev. Lett 95, 046802 (2005).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  15. S. I. Bozhevolnyi, V. S. Volkov, E. Devaux, J. Y. Laluet, and T. W. Ebbesen, "Channelling surface plasmons," Appl. Phys. A 89, 225-231 (2007).
    [CrossRef]
  16. I. M. Lee, J. H. Jung, J. H. Park, H. Kim, and B. Lee, "Dispersion Characteristics of channel plasmon polariton waveguides with step-trench-type grooves," Opt. Express 15, 16596-16603 (2007).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  17. S. I. Bozhevolnyi, "Effective-index modeling of Channel plasmon polaritons," Opt Express 14, 9467-9476 (2006).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  18. D. F. P. Pile, T. Ogawa, D. K. Gramotnev, Y. Matsuzaki, K. C. Vernon, K. yamaguchi, T. Okamoto, M. Haraguchi, and M. Fukui, "Two-dimensionally localized modes of a nanoscale gap palsmon waveguide," Appl. Phys. Lett 87, 261114 (2005).
    [CrossRef]
  19. G. B. Hoffman and R. M. Reano, "Vertical coupling between gap plasmon waveguides," Opt Express 16, 12667-12687 (2008).
    [CrossRef]
  20. F. M. Kong, B. I. Wu, H. S. Chen, and J. A. Kong, "Surface plasmon mode analysis of nanoscale metallic rectangular waveguide," Opt Express 15, 12331-12337 (2007).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  21. A. Kumar and T. Srivastava, "Modeling of a nanoscale rectangular hole in a real metal," Opt. Lett 33, 333-335 (2008).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  22. B. Steinberger, A. Hohenau, D. Ditlbacher, A. L. Stepanov, A. Drezet, F. R. Aussenegg, A. Leitner, and J. R. Krenn, "Dielectric strips on gold as surface plasmon waveguides," Appl. Phys. Lett 88, 094104 (2006).
    [CrossRef]
  23. C. Reinhardt, S. Passinger, B. N. Chichkov, C. Marquart, I. P. Radko, and S. I. Bozhevolnyi, "Laser-fabricated dielectric optical components for surface plasmon polaritons," Opt. Lett 31, 1307-1309 (2006).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  24. T. Holmgaard and S. I. Bozhevolnyi, "Thoretical analysis of dielectric-load surface plasmon-polariton waveguides," Phys. Rev. B 75, 245405 (2007).
    [CrossRef]
  25. A. V. Krasavin and A. V. Zayats, "Three-dimentional numerical modeling of photonic integration with delectric-loaded SPP waveguides," Phys. Rev. B 78, 045425 (2008).
    [CrossRef]
  26. L. Eldada and L. W. Shacklette, "Advances in polymer integrated optics," IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron 6, 54-68 (2000).
    [CrossRef]
  27. Ming Zhou, "Low-loss polymeric materials for passive waveguide components in fiber optical telecommunication," Opt. Eng 41, 1631-1643 (2002).
    [CrossRef]

2008 (6)

J. Jiang, C. L. Challender, S. Jacob, J. P. Noad, S. R. Chen, J. Ballato, and D. W. Smith. Jr, "Long-range surface plasmon polariton waveguides embedded in fluorinated polymer," Appl. Opt 47, 3892-3900 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

J. J. Ju, S. Park, M. S. Kim, J. T. Kim, S. K. Park, Y. J. Park, and M. H. Lee, "Polymer-based long-range surface plasmon polariton waveguides for 10-Gbps optical signal transmission applications," J. Lightwave Technol 26, 1510-1518 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Y. H. Joo, M. J. Jung, J. W. Yoon, S. H. Song, H. S. Won, S. Park, and J. J. Ju, "Long-range surface plasmon polaritons on asymmetric double-electrode structures," Appl. Phys. Lett 92, 161103 (2008).
[CrossRef]

G. B. Hoffman and R. M. Reano, "Vertical coupling between gap plasmon waveguides," Opt Express 16, 12667-12687 (2008).
[CrossRef]

A. Kumar and T. Srivastava, "Modeling of a nanoscale rectangular hole in a real metal," Opt. Lett 33, 333-335 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

A. V. Krasavin and A. V. Zayats, "Three-dimentional numerical modeling of photonic integration with delectric-loaded SPP waveguides," Phys. Rev. B 78, 045425 (2008).
[CrossRef]

2007 (4)

T. Holmgaard and S. I. Bozhevolnyi, "Thoretical analysis of dielectric-load surface plasmon-polariton waveguides," Phys. Rev. B 75, 245405 (2007).
[CrossRef]

F. M. Kong, B. I. Wu, H. S. Chen, and J. A. Kong, "Surface plasmon mode analysis of nanoscale metallic rectangular waveguide," Opt Express 15, 12331-12337 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

S. I. Bozhevolnyi, V. S. Volkov, E. Devaux, J. Y. Laluet, and T. W. Ebbesen, "Channelling surface plasmons," Appl. Phys. A 89, 225-231 (2007).
[CrossRef]

I. M. Lee, J. H. Jung, J. H. Park, H. Kim, and B. Lee, "Dispersion Characteristics of channel plasmon polariton waveguides with step-trench-type grooves," Opt. Express 15, 16596-16603 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

2006 (5)

S. I. Bozhevolnyi, "Effective-index modeling of Channel plasmon polaritons," Opt Express 14, 9467-9476 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

G. Gagnon, N. Lahoud, G. A. Mattiussi, and P. Berini, "Thermally Activated variable attenuation of long-range surface plasmon-polariton waves," J. Lightwave Technol 24, 4391-4401 (2006).
[CrossRef]

S. Park and S. H. Song, "Polymeric variable optical attenuator based on long range surface plasmon polaritons," Electron. Lett. 42, 402-404 (2006).
[CrossRef]

B. Steinberger, A. Hohenau, D. Ditlbacher, A. L. Stepanov, A. Drezet, F. R. Aussenegg, A. Leitner, and J. R. Krenn, "Dielectric strips on gold as surface plasmon waveguides," Appl. Phys. Lett 88, 094104 (2006).
[CrossRef]

C. Reinhardt, S. Passinger, B. N. Chichkov, C. Marquart, I. P. Radko, and S. I. Bozhevolnyi, "Laser-fabricated dielectric optical components for surface plasmon polaritons," Opt. Lett 31, 1307-1309 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

2005 (6)

T. Nikolajsen, K. Leosson, and S. I. Bozhevolnyi, "In-line extinction modulator based on long-range surface plasmon polaritons," Opt. Commun. 244, 455-459 (2005).
[CrossRef]

S. Jette-Charbonneau, R. Charbonneau, N. Lahoud, G. Mattiussi, and P. Berini, "Demonstration of Bragg gratings based on long-ranging surface plasmon polariton waveguides," Opt. Express 13, 4674-4682 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

R. Zia, M. D. Selker, and M. L. Brongersma, "Leaky and bound modes of surface plasmon waveguides," Phys. Rev. B 71, 165431 (2005).
[CrossRef]

A. Boltasseva, T. Nikolajsen, K. Leosson, K. Kjaer, M. S. Larsen, and S. I. Bozhevolnyi, "Integrated optical components utilizing Long-Range surface plasmon polaritons," J. Lightwave Technol 23, 413-422 (2005).
[CrossRef]

D. F. P. Pile, T. Ogawa, D. K. Gramotnev, Y. Matsuzaki, K. C. Vernon, K. yamaguchi, T. Okamoto, M. Haraguchi, and M. Fukui, "Two-dimensionally localized modes of a nanoscale gap palsmon waveguide," Appl. Phys. Lett 87, 261114 (2005).
[CrossRef]

S. I. Bozhevolnyi, V. S. Volkov, E. Devaux, and T. W. Ebbesen, "Channel plasmon-polariton guiding by subwavelength metal grooves," Phys. Rev. Lett 95, 046802 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

2004 (2)

T. Nikolajsen, K. Leosson, and S. I. Bozhevolnyi, "Surface plasmon polariton based modulators and switches operating at telecom wavelengths," Appl. Phys. Lett 85, 5833-5835 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Q1. S. J. Al-Bader, "Optical transmission on metallic wires-fundamental modes," J. Quantum Electron 40, 325-329 (2004).
[CrossRef]

2002 (1)

Ming Zhou, "Low-loss polymeric materials for passive waveguide components in fiber optical telecommunication," Opt. Eng 41, 1631-1643 (2002).
[CrossRef]

2000 (2)

L. Eldada and L. W. Shacklette, "Advances in polymer integrated optics," IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron 6, 54-68 (2000).
[CrossRef]

P. Berini, "Plasmon-polariton waves guided by thin lossy metal films of finite width: Bound modes of symmetric structures," Phys. Rev. B 61, 10484-10503 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Al-Bader, S. J.

Q1. S. J. Al-Bader, "Optical transmission on metallic wires-fundamental modes," J. Quantum Electron 40, 325-329 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Aussenegg, F. R.

B. Steinberger, A. Hohenau, D. Ditlbacher, A. L. Stepanov, A. Drezet, F. R. Aussenegg, A. Leitner, and J. R. Krenn, "Dielectric strips on gold as surface plasmon waveguides," Appl. Phys. Lett 88, 094104 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Ballato, J.

J. Jiang, C. L. Challender, S. Jacob, J. P. Noad, S. R. Chen, J. Ballato, and D. W. Smith. Jr, "Long-range surface plasmon polariton waveguides embedded in fluorinated polymer," Appl. Opt 47, 3892-3900 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Berini, P.

G. Gagnon, N. Lahoud, G. A. Mattiussi, and P. Berini, "Thermally Activated variable attenuation of long-range surface plasmon-polariton waves," J. Lightwave Technol 24, 4391-4401 (2006).
[CrossRef]

S. Jette-Charbonneau, R. Charbonneau, N. Lahoud, G. Mattiussi, and P. Berini, "Demonstration of Bragg gratings based on long-ranging surface plasmon polariton waveguides," Opt. Express 13, 4674-4682 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

P. Berini, "Plasmon-polariton waves guided by thin lossy metal films of finite width: Bound modes of symmetric structures," Phys. Rev. B 61, 10484-10503 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Boltasseva, A.

A. Boltasseva, T. Nikolajsen, K. Leosson, K. Kjaer, M. S. Larsen, and S. I. Bozhevolnyi, "Integrated optical components utilizing Long-Range surface plasmon polaritons," J. Lightwave Technol 23, 413-422 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Bozhevolnyi, S. I.

S. I. Bozhevolnyi, V. S. Volkov, E. Devaux, J. Y. Laluet, and T. W. Ebbesen, "Channelling surface plasmons," Appl. Phys. A 89, 225-231 (2007).
[CrossRef]

T. Holmgaard and S. I. Bozhevolnyi, "Thoretical analysis of dielectric-load surface plasmon-polariton waveguides," Phys. Rev. B 75, 245405 (2007).
[CrossRef]

C. Reinhardt, S. Passinger, B. N. Chichkov, C. Marquart, I. P. Radko, and S. I. Bozhevolnyi, "Laser-fabricated dielectric optical components for surface plasmon polaritons," Opt. Lett 31, 1307-1309 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

S. I. Bozhevolnyi, "Effective-index modeling of Channel plasmon polaritons," Opt Express 14, 9467-9476 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

S. I. Bozhevolnyi, V. S. Volkov, E. Devaux, and T. W. Ebbesen, "Channel plasmon-polariton guiding by subwavelength metal grooves," Phys. Rev. Lett 95, 046802 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

A. Boltasseva, T. Nikolajsen, K. Leosson, K. Kjaer, M. S. Larsen, and S. I. Bozhevolnyi, "Integrated optical components utilizing Long-Range surface plasmon polaritons," J. Lightwave Technol 23, 413-422 (2005).
[CrossRef]

T. Nikolajsen, K. Leosson, and S. I. Bozhevolnyi, "In-line extinction modulator based on long-range surface plasmon polaritons," Opt. Commun. 244, 455-459 (2005).
[CrossRef]

T. Nikolajsen, K. Leosson, and S. I. Bozhevolnyi, "Surface plasmon polariton based modulators and switches operating at telecom wavelengths," Appl. Phys. Lett 85, 5833-5835 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Brongersma, M. L.

R. Zia, M. D. Selker, and M. L. Brongersma, "Leaky and bound modes of surface plasmon waveguides," Phys. Rev. B 71, 165431 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Challender, C. L.

J. Jiang, C. L. Challender, S. Jacob, J. P. Noad, S. R. Chen, J. Ballato, and D. W. Smith. Jr, "Long-range surface plasmon polariton waveguides embedded in fluorinated polymer," Appl. Opt 47, 3892-3900 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Charbonneau, R.

Chen, H. S.

F. M. Kong, B. I. Wu, H. S. Chen, and J. A. Kong, "Surface plasmon mode analysis of nanoscale metallic rectangular waveguide," Opt Express 15, 12331-12337 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Chen, S. R.

J. Jiang, C. L. Challender, S. Jacob, J. P. Noad, S. R. Chen, J. Ballato, and D. W. Smith. Jr, "Long-range surface plasmon polariton waveguides embedded in fluorinated polymer," Appl. Opt 47, 3892-3900 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Chichkov, B. N.

C. Reinhardt, S. Passinger, B. N. Chichkov, C. Marquart, I. P. Radko, and S. I. Bozhevolnyi, "Laser-fabricated dielectric optical components for surface plasmon polaritons," Opt. Lett 31, 1307-1309 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Devaux, E.

S. I. Bozhevolnyi, V. S. Volkov, E. Devaux, J. Y. Laluet, and T. W. Ebbesen, "Channelling surface plasmons," Appl. Phys. A 89, 225-231 (2007).
[CrossRef]

S. I. Bozhevolnyi, V. S. Volkov, E. Devaux, and T. W. Ebbesen, "Channel plasmon-polariton guiding by subwavelength metal grooves," Phys. Rev. Lett 95, 046802 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Ditlbacher, D.

B. Steinberger, A. Hohenau, D. Ditlbacher, A. L. Stepanov, A. Drezet, F. R. Aussenegg, A. Leitner, and J. R. Krenn, "Dielectric strips on gold as surface plasmon waveguides," Appl. Phys. Lett 88, 094104 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Drezet, A.

B. Steinberger, A. Hohenau, D. Ditlbacher, A. L. Stepanov, A. Drezet, F. R. Aussenegg, A. Leitner, and J. R. Krenn, "Dielectric strips on gold as surface plasmon waveguides," Appl. Phys. Lett 88, 094104 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Ebbesen, T. W.

S. I. Bozhevolnyi, V. S. Volkov, E. Devaux, J. Y. Laluet, and T. W. Ebbesen, "Channelling surface plasmons," Appl. Phys. A 89, 225-231 (2007).
[CrossRef]

S. I. Bozhevolnyi, V. S. Volkov, E. Devaux, and T. W. Ebbesen, "Channel plasmon-polariton guiding by subwavelength metal grooves," Phys. Rev. Lett 95, 046802 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Eldada, L.

L. Eldada and L. W. Shacklette, "Advances in polymer integrated optics," IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron 6, 54-68 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Gagnon, G.

G. Gagnon, N. Lahoud, G. A. Mattiussi, and P. Berini, "Thermally Activated variable attenuation of long-range surface plasmon-polariton waves," J. Lightwave Technol 24, 4391-4401 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Gramotnev, D. K.

D. F. P. Pile, T. Ogawa, D. K. Gramotnev, Y. Matsuzaki, K. C. Vernon, K. yamaguchi, T. Okamoto, M. Haraguchi, and M. Fukui, "Two-dimensionally localized modes of a nanoscale gap palsmon waveguide," Appl. Phys. Lett 87, 261114 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Hoffman, G. B.

G. B. Hoffman and R. M. Reano, "Vertical coupling between gap plasmon waveguides," Opt Express 16, 12667-12687 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Hohenau, A.

B. Steinberger, A. Hohenau, D. Ditlbacher, A. L. Stepanov, A. Drezet, F. R. Aussenegg, A. Leitner, and J. R. Krenn, "Dielectric strips on gold as surface plasmon waveguides," Appl. Phys. Lett 88, 094104 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Holmgaard, T.

T. Holmgaard and S. I. Bozhevolnyi, "Thoretical analysis of dielectric-load surface plasmon-polariton waveguides," Phys. Rev. B 75, 245405 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Jacob, S.

J. Jiang, C. L. Challender, S. Jacob, J. P. Noad, S. R. Chen, J. Ballato, and D. W. Smith. Jr, "Long-range surface plasmon polariton waveguides embedded in fluorinated polymer," Appl. Opt 47, 3892-3900 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Jette-Charbonneau, S.

Jiang, J.

J. Jiang, C. L. Challender, S. Jacob, J. P. Noad, S. R. Chen, J. Ballato, and D. W. Smith. Jr, "Long-range surface plasmon polariton waveguides embedded in fluorinated polymer," Appl. Opt 47, 3892-3900 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Joo, Y. H.

Y. H. Joo, M. J. Jung, J. W. Yoon, S. H. Song, H. S. Won, S. Park, and J. J. Ju, "Long-range surface plasmon polaritons on asymmetric double-electrode structures," Appl. Phys. Lett 92, 161103 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Ju, J. J.

Y. H. Joo, M. J. Jung, J. W. Yoon, S. H. Song, H. S. Won, S. Park, and J. J. Ju, "Long-range surface plasmon polaritons on asymmetric double-electrode structures," Appl. Phys. Lett 92, 161103 (2008).
[CrossRef]

J. J. Ju, S. Park, M. S. Kim, J. T. Kim, S. K. Park, Y. J. Park, and M. H. Lee, "Polymer-based long-range surface plasmon polariton waveguides for 10-Gbps optical signal transmission applications," J. Lightwave Technol 26, 1510-1518 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Jung, J. H.

Jung, M. J.

Y. H. Joo, M. J. Jung, J. W. Yoon, S. H. Song, H. S. Won, S. Park, and J. J. Ju, "Long-range surface plasmon polaritons on asymmetric double-electrode structures," Appl. Phys. Lett 92, 161103 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Kim, H.

Kim, J. T.

J. J. Ju, S. Park, M. S. Kim, J. T. Kim, S. K. Park, Y. J. Park, and M. H. Lee, "Polymer-based long-range surface plasmon polariton waveguides for 10-Gbps optical signal transmission applications," J. Lightwave Technol 26, 1510-1518 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Kim, M. S.

J. J. Ju, S. Park, M. S. Kim, J. T. Kim, S. K. Park, Y. J. Park, and M. H. Lee, "Polymer-based long-range surface plasmon polariton waveguides for 10-Gbps optical signal transmission applications," J. Lightwave Technol 26, 1510-1518 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Kjaer, K.

A. Boltasseva, T. Nikolajsen, K. Leosson, K. Kjaer, M. S. Larsen, and S. I. Bozhevolnyi, "Integrated optical components utilizing Long-Range surface plasmon polaritons," J. Lightwave Technol 23, 413-422 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Kong, F. M.

F. M. Kong, B. I. Wu, H. S. Chen, and J. A. Kong, "Surface plasmon mode analysis of nanoscale metallic rectangular waveguide," Opt Express 15, 12331-12337 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Kong, J. A.

F. M. Kong, B. I. Wu, H. S. Chen, and J. A. Kong, "Surface plasmon mode analysis of nanoscale metallic rectangular waveguide," Opt Express 15, 12331-12337 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Krasavin, A. V.

A. V. Krasavin and A. V. Zayats, "Three-dimentional numerical modeling of photonic integration with delectric-loaded SPP waveguides," Phys. Rev. B 78, 045425 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Krenn, J. R.

B. Steinberger, A. Hohenau, D. Ditlbacher, A. L. Stepanov, A. Drezet, F. R. Aussenegg, A. Leitner, and J. R. Krenn, "Dielectric strips on gold as surface plasmon waveguides," Appl. Phys. Lett 88, 094104 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Kumar, A.

A. Kumar and T. Srivastava, "Modeling of a nanoscale rectangular hole in a real metal," Opt. Lett 33, 333-335 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Lahoud, N.

G. Gagnon, N. Lahoud, G. A. Mattiussi, and P. Berini, "Thermally Activated variable attenuation of long-range surface plasmon-polariton waves," J. Lightwave Technol 24, 4391-4401 (2006).
[CrossRef]

S. Jette-Charbonneau, R. Charbonneau, N. Lahoud, G. Mattiussi, and P. Berini, "Demonstration of Bragg gratings based on long-ranging surface plasmon polariton waveguides," Opt. Express 13, 4674-4682 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Laluet, J. Y.

S. I. Bozhevolnyi, V. S. Volkov, E. Devaux, J. Y. Laluet, and T. W. Ebbesen, "Channelling surface plasmons," Appl. Phys. A 89, 225-231 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Larsen, M. S.

A. Boltasseva, T. Nikolajsen, K. Leosson, K. Kjaer, M. S. Larsen, and S. I. Bozhevolnyi, "Integrated optical components utilizing Long-Range surface plasmon polaritons," J. Lightwave Technol 23, 413-422 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Lee, B.

Lee, I. M.

Lee, M. H.

J. J. Ju, S. Park, M. S. Kim, J. T. Kim, S. K. Park, Y. J. Park, and M. H. Lee, "Polymer-based long-range surface plasmon polariton waveguides for 10-Gbps optical signal transmission applications," J. Lightwave Technol 26, 1510-1518 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Leitner, A.

B. Steinberger, A. Hohenau, D. Ditlbacher, A. L. Stepanov, A. Drezet, F. R. Aussenegg, A. Leitner, and J. R. Krenn, "Dielectric strips on gold as surface plasmon waveguides," Appl. Phys. Lett 88, 094104 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Leosson, K.

A. Boltasseva, T. Nikolajsen, K. Leosson, K. Kjaer, M. S. Larsen, and S. I. Bozhevolnyi, "Integrated optical components utilizing Long-Range surface plasmon polaritons," J. Lightwave Technol 23, 413-422 (2005).
[CrossRef]

T. Nikolajsen, K. Leosson, and S. I. Bozhevolnyi, "In-line extinction modulator based on long-range surface plasmon polaritons," Opt. Commun. 244, 455-459 (2005).
[CrossRef]

T. Nikolajsen, K. Leosson, and S. I. Bozhevolnyi, "Surface plasmon polariton based modulators and switches operating at telecom wavelengths," Appl. Phys. Lett 85, 5833-5835 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Marquart, C.

C. Reinhardt, S. Passinger, B. N. Chichkov, C. Marquart, I. P. Radko, and S. I. Bozhevolnyi, "Laser-fabricated dielectric optical components for surface plasmon polaritons," Opt. Lett 31, 1307-1309 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Matsuzaki, Y.

D. F. P. Pile, T. Ogawa, D. K. Gramotnev, Y. Matsuzaki, K. C. Vernon, K. yamaguchi, T. Okamoto, M. Haraguchi, and M. Fukui, "Two-dimensionally localized modes of a nanoscale gap palsmon waveguide," Appl. Phys. Lett 87, 261114 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Mattiussi, G.

Mattiussi, G. A.

G. Gagnon, N. Lahoud, G. A. Mattiussi, and P. Berini, "Thermally Activated variable attenuation of long-range surface plasmon-polariton waves," J. Lightwave Technol 24, 4391-4401 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Nikolajsen, T.

T. Nikolajsen, K. Leosson, and S. I. Bozhevolnyi, "In-line extinction modulator based on long-range surface plasmon polaritons," Opt. Commun. 244, 455-459 (2005).
[CrossRef]

A. Boltasseva, T. Nikolajsen, K. Leosson, K. Kjaer, M. S. Larsen, and S. I. Bozhevolnyi, "Integrated optical components utilizing Long-Range surface plasmon polaritons," J. Lightwave Technol 23, 413-422 (2005).
[CrossRef]

T. Nikolajsen, K. Leosson, and S. I. Bozhevolnyi, "Surface plasmon polariton based modulators and switches operating at telecom wavelengths," Appl. Phys. Lett 85, 5833-5835 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Noad, J. P.

J. Jiang, C. L. Challender, S. Jacob, J. P. Noad, S. R. Chen, J. Ballato, and D. W. Smith. Jr, "Long-range surface plasmon polariton waveguides embedded in fluorinated polymer," Appl. Opt 47, 3892-3900 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Ogawa, T.

D. F. P. Pile, T. Ogawa, D. K. Gramotnev, Y. Matsuzaki, K. C. Vernon, K. yamaguchi, T. Okamoto, M. Haraguchi, and M. Fukui, "Two-dimensionally localized modes of a nanoscale gap palsmon waveguide," Appl. Phys. Lett 87, 261114 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Park, J. H.

Park, S.

Y. H. Joo, M. J. Jung, J. W. Yoon, S. H. Song, H. S. Won, S. Park, and J. J. Ju, "Long-range surface plasmon polaritons on asymmetric double-electrode structures," Appl. Phys. Lett 92, 161103 (2008).
[CrossRef]

J. J. Ju, S. Park, M. S. Kim, J. T. Kim, S. K. Park, Y. J. Park, and M. H. Lee, "Polymer-based long-range surface plasmon polariton waveguides for 10-Gbps optical signal transmission applications," J. Lightwave Technol 26, 1510-1518 (2008).
[CrossRef]

S. Park and S. H. Song, "Polymeric variable optical attenuator based on long range surface plasmon polaritons," Electron. Lett. 42, 402-404 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Park, S. K.

J. J. Ju, S. Park, M. S. Kim, J. T. Kim, S. K. Park, Y. J. Park, and M. H. Lee, "Polymer-based long-range surface plasmon polariton waveguides for 10-Gbps optical signal transmission applications," J. Lightwave Technol 26, 1510-1518 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Park, Y. J.

J. J. Ju, S. Park, M. S. Kim, J. T. Kim, S. K. Park, Y. J. Park, and M. H. Lee, "Polymer-based long-range surface plasmon polariton waveguides for 10-Gbps optical signal transmission applications," J. Lightwave Technol 26, 1510-1518 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Passinger, S.

C. Reinhardt, S. Passinger, B. N. Chichkov, C. Marquart, I. P. Radko, and S. I. Bozhevolnyi, "Laser-fabricated dielectric optical components for surface plasmon polaritons," Opt. Lett 31, 1307-1309 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Pile, D. F. P.

D. F. P. Pile, T. Ogawa, D. K. Gramotnev, Y. Matsuzaki, K. C. Vernon, K. yamaguchi, T. Okamoto, M. Haraguchi, and M. Fukui, "Two-dimensionally localized modes of a nanoscale gap palsmon waveguide," Appl. Phys. Lett 87, 261114 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Radko, I. P.

C. Reinhardt, S. Passinger, B. N. Chichkov, C. Marquart, I. P. Radko, and S. I. Bozhevolnyi, "Laser-fabricated dielectric optical components for surface plasmon polaritons," Opt. Lett 31, 1307-1309 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Reano, R. M.

G. B. Hoffman and R. M. Reano, "Vertical coupling between gap plasmon waveguides," Opt Express 16, 12667-12687 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Reinhardt, C.

C. Reinhardt, S. Passinger, B. N. Chichkov, C. Marquart, I. P. Radko, and S. I. Bozhevolnyi, "Laser-fabricated dielectric optical components for surface plasmon polaritons," Opt. Lett 31, 1307-1309 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Selker, M. D.

R. Zia, M. D. Selker, and M. L. Brongersma, "Leaky and bound modes of surface plasmon waveguides," Phys. Rev. B 71, 165431 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Shacklette, L. W.

L. Eldada and L. W. Shacklette, "Advances in polymer integrated optics," IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron 6, 54-68 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Smith, D. W.

J. Jiang, C. L. Challender, S. Jacob, J. P. Noad, S. R. Chen, J. Ballato, and D. W. Smith. Jr, "Long-range surface plasmon polariton waveguides embedded in fluorinated polymer," Appl. Opt 47, 3892-3900 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Song, S. H.

Y. H. Joo, M. J. Jung, J. W. Yoon, S. H. Song, H. S. Won, S. Park, and J. J. Ju, "Long-range surface plasmon polaritons on asymmetric double-electrode structures," Appl. Phys. Lett 92, 161103 (2008).
[CrossRef]

S. Park and S. H. Song, "Polymeric variable optical attenuator based on long range surface plasmon polaritons," Electron. Lett. 42, 402-404 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Srivastava, T.

A. Kumar and T. Srivastava, "Modeling of a nanoscale rectangular hole in a real metal," Opt. Lett 33, 333-335 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Steinberger, B.

B. Steinberger, A. Hohenau, D. Ditlbacher, A. L. Stepanov, A. Drezet, F. R. Aussenegg, A. Leitner, and J. R. Krenn, "Dielectric strips on gold as surface plasmon waveguides," Appl. Phys. Lett 88, 094104 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Stepanov, A. L.

B. Steinberger, A. Hohenau, D. Ditlbacher, A. L. Stepanov, A. Drezet, F. R. Aussenegg, A. Leitner, and J. R. Krenn, "Dielectric strips on gold as surface plasmon waveguides," Appl. Phys. Lett 88, 094104 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Vernon, K. C.

D. F. P. Pile, T. Ogawa, D. K. Gramotnev, Y. Matsuzaki, K. C. Vernon, K. yamaguchi, T. Okamoto, M. Haraguchi, and M. Fukui, "Two-dimensionally localized modes of a nanoscale gap palsmon waveguide," Appl. Phys. Lett 87, 261114 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Volkov, V. S.

S. I. Bozhevolnyi, V. S. Volkov, E. Devaux, J. Y. Laluet, and T. W. Ebbesen, "Channelling surface plasmons," Appl. Phys. A 89, 225-231 (2007).
[CrossRef]

S. I. Bozhevolnyi, V. S. Volkov, E. Devaux, and T. W. Ebbesen, "Channel plasmon-polariton guiding by subwavelength metal grooves," Phys. Rev. Lett 95, 046802 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Won, H. S.

Y. H. Joo, M. J. Jung, J. W. Yoon, S. H. Song, H. S. Won, S. Park, and J. J. Ju, "Long-range surface plasmon polaritons on asymmetric double-electrode structures," Appl. Phys. Lett 92, 161103 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Wu, B. I.

F. M. Kong, B. I. Wu, H. S. Chen, and J. A. Kong, "Surface plasmon mode analysis of nanoscale metallic rectangular waveguide," Opt Express 15, 12331-12337 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Yoon, J. W.

Y. H. Joo, M. J. Jung, J. W. Yoon, S. H. Song, H. S. Won, S. Park, and J. J. Ju, "Long-range surface plasmon polaritons on asymmetric double-electrode structures," Appl. Phys. Lett 92, 161103 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Zayats, A. V.

A. V. Krasavin and A. V. Zayats, "Three-dimentional numerical modeling of photonic integration with delectric-loaded SPP waveguides," Phys. Rev. B 78, 045425 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Zia, R.

R. Zia, M. D. Selker, and M. L. Brongersma, "Leaky and bound modes of surface plasmon waveguides," Phys. Rev. B 71, 165431 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Appl. Opt (1)

J. Jiang, C. L. Challender, S. Jacob, J. P. Noad, S. R. Chen, J. Ballato, and D. W. Smith. Jr, "Long-range surface plasmon polariton waveguides embedded in fluorinated polymer," Appl. Opt 47, 3892-3900 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Appl. Phys. A (1)

S. I. Bozhevolnyi, V. S. Volkov, E. Devaux, J. Y. Laluet, and T. W. Ebbesen, "Channelling surface plasmons," Appl. Phys. A 89, 225-231 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Appl. Phys. Lett (4)

Y. H. Joo, M. J. Jung, J. W. Yoon, S. H. Song, H. S. Won, S. Park, and J. J. Ju, "Long-range surface plasmon polaritons on asymmetric double-electrode structures," Appl. Phys. Lett 92, 161103 (2008).
[CrossRef]

T. Nikolajsen, K. Leosson, and S. I. Bozhevolnyi, "Surface plasmon polariton based modulators and switches operating at telecom wavelengths," Appl. Phys. Lett 85, 5833-5835 (2004).
[CrossRef]

D. F. P. Pile, T. Ogawa, D. K. Gramotnev, Y. Matsuzaki, K. C. Vernon, K. yamaguchi, T. Okamoto, M. Haraguchi, and M. Fukui, "Two-dimensionally localized modes of a nanoscale gap palsmon waveguide," Appl. Phys. Lett 87, 261114 (2005).
[CrossRef]

B. Steinberger, A. Hohenau, D. Ditlbacher, A. L. Stepanov, A. Drezet, F. R. Aussenegg, A. Leitner, and J. R. Krenn, "Dielectric strips on gold as surface plasmon waveguides," Appl. Phys. Lett 88, 094104 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Electron. Lett. (1)

S. Park and S. H. Song, "Polymeric variable optical attenuator based on long range surface plasmon polaritons," Electron. Lett. 42, 402-404 (2006).
[CrossRef]

IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron (1)

L. Eldada and L. W. Shacklette, "Advances in polymer integrated optics," IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron 6, 54-68 (2000).
[CrossRef]

J. Lightwave Technol (3)

G. Gagnon, N. Lahoud, G. A. Mattiussi, and P. Berini, "Thermally Activated variable attenuation of long-range surface plasmon-polariton waves," J. Lightwave Technol 24, 4391-4401 (2006).
[CrossRef]

J. J. Ju, S. Park, M. S. Kim, J. T. Kim, S. K. Park, Y. J. Park, and M. H. Lee, "Polymer-based long-range surface plasmon polariton waveguides for 10-Gbps optical signal transmission applications," J. Lightwave Technol 26, 1510-1518 (2008).
[CrossRef]

A. Boltasseva, T. Nikolajsen, K. Leosson, K. Kjaer, M. S. Larsen, and S. I. Bozhevolnyi, "Integrated optical components utilizing Long-Range surface plasmon polaritons," J. Lightwave Technol 23, 413-422 (2005).
[CrossRef]

J. Quantum Electron (1)

Q1. S. J. Al-Bader, "Optical transmission on metallic wires-fundamental modes," J. Quantum Electron 40, 325-329 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Opt Express (3)

S. I. Bozhevolnyi, "Effective-index modeling of Channel plasmon polaritons," Opt Express 14, 9467-9476 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

G. B. Hoffman and R. M. Reano, "Vertical coupling between gap plasmon waveguides," Opt Express 16, 12667-12687 (2008).
[CrossRef]

F. M. Kong, B. I. Wu, H. S. Chen, and J. A. Kong, "Surface plasmon mode analysis of nanoscale metallic rectangular waveguide," Opt Express 15, 12331-12337 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Opt. Commun. (1)

T. Nikolajsen, K. Leosson, and S. I. Bozhevolnyi, "In-line extinction modulator based on long-range surface plasmon polaritons," Opt. Commun. 244, 455-459 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Opt. Eng (1)

Ming Zhou, "Low-loss polymeric materials for passive waveguide components in fiber optical telecommunication," Opt. Eng 41, 1631-1643 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Opt. Express (2)

Opt. Lett (2)

A. Kumar and T. Srivastava, "Modeling of a nanoscale rectangular hole in a real metal," Opt. Lett 33, 333-335 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

C. Reinhardt, S. Passinger, B. N. Chichkov, C. Marquart, I. P. Radko, and S. I. Bozhevolnyi, "Laser-fabricated dielectric optical components for surface plasmon polaritons," Opt. Lett 31, 1307-1309 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Phys. Rev. B (4)

T. Holmgaard and S. I. Bozhevolnyi, "Thoretical analysis of dielectric-load surface plasmon-polariton waveguides," Phys. Rev. B 75, 245405 (2007).
[CrossRef]

A. V. Krasavin and A. V. Zayats, "Three-dimentional numerical modeling of photonic integration with delectric-loaded SPP waveguides," Phys. Rev. B 78, 045425 (2008).
[CrossRef]

P. Berini, "Plasmon-polariton waves guided by thin lossy metal films of finite width: Bound modes of symmetric structures," Phys. Rev. B 61, 10484-10503 (2000).
[CrossRef]

R. Zia, M. D. Selker, and M. L. Brongersma, "Leaky and bound modes of surface plasmon waveguides," Phys. Rev. B 71, 165431 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Phys. Rev. Lett (1)

S. I. Bozhevolnyi, V. S. Volkov, E. Devaux, and T. W. Ebbesen, "Channel plasmon-polariton guiding by subwavelength metal grooves," Phys. Rev. Lett 95, 046802 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Other (1)

V. M. Shalaev and S. Kawata, eds., Nanophotonics with surface plasmons, (Elsevier, 2007).

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Figures (5)

Fig. 1.
Fig. 1.

The cross section of SDLSPP waveguide (a) and the cross section of DLSPP waveguide (b)

Fig. 2.
Fig. 2.

The real parts of symmetric (LRSPP) and asymmetric mode effective indices with various metal film thicknesses (a). The propagation length of symmetric (LRSPP) mode with various metal thicknesses (b). The propagation length of asymmetric mode with various metal thicknesses (c).

Fig. 3.
Fig. 3.

The mode size of symmetric mode of SDLSPP waveguide VS the core width (a); The mode size of asymmetric mode of SDLSPP waveguide VS the core width (b); The propagation length of symmetric mode and asymmetric mode of SDLSPP waveguide VS the core width (c); Three mode shapes in both x and y directions under core with w=200, 500 and 800nm (d).

Fig. 4.
Fig. 4.

The mode size of symmetric mode with various cladding index (a); The mode size of asymmetric mode with various cladding index (b); The propagation length according to different cladding index (c); The normalized ∣Ey ∣ field distribution (mode shape) of symmetric mode with ncl = ns = 1.4 (d).

Fig. 5.
Fig. 5.

The ∣Ey ∣ field distribution (mode shape) of DLSPP waveguide with metal thickness of 100nm, ncl = ns = 1.46, nc = 1.65, w = h = 600nm (a); The normalized symmetric mode ∣Ey ∣ field distribution (mode shape) of SDLSPP waveguide with metal thickness of 20nm, ncl = ns = 1.46 and nc = 1.65, w = 600nm, h = 300nm (b)

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