Abstract

We evaluate the quasi-one-dimensional (1D) electron dynamics in a NbSe3 ring crystal using polarization vortex pulses with various azimuthal distributions. The single particle relaxation component reveals a large anisotropy on the crystal, indicating that the electrons in the ring maintain their 1D character. The results also suggest that the polarization vortex evaluates the global polarization property of the closed-loop electron that plays an important role in the quantum correlation phenomena such as the Aharonov-Bohm effect.

© 2009 Optical Society of America

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    [Crossref] [PubMed]
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    [Crossref] [PubMed]
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    [Crossref] [PubMed]
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    [Crossref]
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    [Crossref] [PubMed]
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    [Crossref] [PubMed]
  13. E. Sweetland, C-Y. Tsai, B. A. Wintner, and J. D. Brock, “Measurement of the charge-density-wave correlation length in NbSe3 by high-resolution x-ray scattering,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 65, 3165–3168 (1990).
    [Crossref] [PubMed]
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    [Crossref] [PubMed]
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    [Crossref]
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    [Crossref]
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    [Crossref]
  19. Y. Tokizane, K. Oka, and R. Morita, “Supercontinuum optical vortex pulse generation without spatial or topological-charge dispersion,” Opt. Express 17, 14517–14525 (2009).
    [Crossref] [PubMed]
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    [Crossref]
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    [Crossref]
  22. N. P. Ong and P. Monceau, “Anomalous transport properties of a linear-chain metal: NbSe3,” Phys. Rev. B 16, 3443–3455 (1977).
    [Crossref]
  23. J. Schäfer, M. Sing, R. Claessen, Eli Rotenberg, X. J. Zhou, R. E. Thorne, and S. D. Kevan, “Unusual Spectral Behavior of Charge-DensityWaves with Imperfect Nesting in a Quasi-One-Dimensional Metal,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 91, 066401-1-4 (2003).
    [Crossref]
  24. R. M. Fleming, D. E. Moncton, and D. B. McWhan, “X-ray scattering and electric field studies of the sliding mode conductor NbSe3,” Phys. Rev. B 18, 5560–5563 (1978).
    [Crossref]
  25. J. Nakahara, T, Taguchi, T. Araki, and M. Ido, “Effect of Charge Density Waves on Reflectance Spectra of TaS3 and NbSe3,” J. Phys. Soc. Jpn. 54, 2741–2746 (1985).
    [Crossref]
  26. A. Perucchi, L. Degiorgi, and R. E. Thorne, “Optical investigation of the charge-density-wave phase transitions in NbSe3,” Phys. Rev. B 69, 195114-1-4 (2004).
    [Crossref]
  27. C. G. Slough, B. Giambattista, A. Johnson, W.W. McNairy, and R. V. Coleman, “Scanning tunneling microscopy of charge-density waves in NbSe3,” Phys. Rev. B 39, 5496–5499 (1989).
    [Crossref]
  28. K. Shimatake, Y. Toda, and S. Tanda, “Quenching of phase coherence in quasi-one-dimensional ring crystals,” Phys. Rev. B 73, 153403-1-4 (2006).
    [Crossref]
  29. K. Shimatake, Y. Toda, and S. Tanda, “Selective optical probing of the charge-density-wave phases in NbSe3,” Phys. Rev. B 75, 115120-1-5 (2007).
    [Crossref]
  30. T. Tsuneta, S. Tanda, K. Inagaki, Y. Okajima, and K. Yamaya, “New crystal topologies and the charge-densitywave in NbSe3,” Physica B 329– 333, 1544–1545 (2003).
    [Crossref]
  31. T. Tsuneta and S. Tanda, “Formation and growth of NbSe3 topological crystals,” J. Cryst. Growth 264, 223-231 (2004).
    [Crossref]
  32. J. Demsar, K. Biljaković, and D. Mihailovic, “Single Particle and Collective Excitations in the One-Dimensional Charge DensityWave Solid K0.3MoO3 Probed in Real Time by Femtosecond Spectroscopy,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 83, 800–803 (1999).
    [Crossref]
  33. V. V. Kabanov, J. Demsar, B. Podobnik, and D. Mihailovic, “Quasiparticle relaxation dynamics in superconductors with different gap structures: Theory and experiments on YBa2Cu3O7-δ,” Phys. Rev. B 59, 1497–1506 (1999).
    [Crossref]
  34. D. Dvorsek, V. V. Kabanov, J. Demsar, S. M. Kazakov, J. Karpinski, and D. Mihailovic, “Femtosecond quasiparticle relaxation dynamics and probe polarization anisotropy in YSrxBa2-xCu4O8 (x=0,0.4),” Phys. Rev. B 66, 020510-1-4 (2002).
    [Crossref]
  35. Y. Toda, R. Onozaki, M. Tsubota, K. Inagaki, and S. Tanda, “Optical selection of a multiple phase order in the charge density wave condensate o-TaS3 using a spectrally resolved nonequilibrium measurement,” Phys. Rev. B 80, 121103-1-4 (2009).
    [Crossref]

2009 (3)

2008 (1)

Y. Kozawa, S. Sato, T. Sato, Y. Inoue, Y. Ohtera, and S. Kawakami, “Cylindrical Vector Laser Beam Generated by the Use of a Photonic Crystal Mirror,” Appl. Phys. Express 1, 022008-1-3 (2008).
[Crossref]

2007 (2)

2006 (4)

J. Hamazaki, Y. Mineta, K. Oka, and R. Morita, “Direct observation of Gouy phase shift in a propagating optical vortex,” Opt. Express 18, 8382–8392 (2006).
[Crossref]

F. Flossmann, U.T. Schwarz, M. Maier, and M. R. Dennis, “Stokes parameters in the unfolding of an optical vortex through a birefringentcrystal,” Opt. Express 14, 11402–11411 (2006).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

K. I. Willig, S. O. Rizzoli, V. Westphal, R. Jahn, and S. W. Hell, “STED microscopy reveals that synaptotagmin remains clustered after synaptic vesicle exocytosis,” Nature 440, 935–939 (2006).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

K. Shimatake, Y. Toda, and S. Tanda, “Quenching of phase coherence in quasi-one-dimensional ring crystals,” Phys. Rev. B 73, 153403-1-4 (2006).
[Crossref]

2004 (3)

T. Tsuneta and S. Tanda, “Formation and growth of NbSe3 topological crystals,” J. Cryst. Growth 264, 223-231 (2004).
[Crossref]

A. Perucchi, L. Degiorgi, and R. E. Thorne, “Optical investigation of the charge-density-wave phase transitions in NbSe3,” Phys. Rev. B 69, 195114-1-4 (2004).
[Crossref]

G. Gibson, J. Courtial, M. J. Padgett, M. Vasnetsov, V. Pas’ko, S. M. Barnett, and S. Franke-Arnold, “Free-space information transfer using light beams carrying orbital angular momentum,” Opt. Express 12, 5448–5456 (2004).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

2003 (4)

I. Moshe, S. Jackel, and A. Meir, “Production of radially or azimuthally polarized beams in solid-state lasers and the elimination of thermally induced birefringence effects,” Opt. Lett. 28, 807–809 (2003).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

D. G. Grier, “A revolution in optical manipulation,” Nature 424, 810–816 (2003).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

J. Schäfer, M. Sing, R. Claessen, Eli Rotenberg, X. J. Zhou, R. E. Thorne, and S. D. Kevan, “Unusual Spectral Behavior of Charge-DensityWaves with Imperfect Nesting in a Quasi-One-Dimensional Metal,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 91, 066401-1-4 (2003).
[Crossref]

T. Tsuneta, S. Tanda, K. Inagaki, Y. Okajima, and K. Yamaya, “New crystal topologies and the charge-densitywave in NbSe3,” Physica B 329– 333, 1544–1545 (2003).
[Crossref]

2002 (2)

D. Dvorsek, V. V. Kabanov, J. Demsar, S. M. Kazakov, J. Karpinski, and D. Mihailovic, “Femtosecond quasiparticle relaxation dynamics and probe polarization anisotropy in YSrxBa2-xCu4O8 (x=0,0.4),” Phys. Rev. B 66, 020510-1-4 (2002).
[Crossref]

S. Tanda, T. Tsuneta, Y. Okajima, K. Inagaki, K. Yamaya, and N. Hatakenaka, “A Möbius strip of single crystals,” Nature 417, 397–398 (2002).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

2001 (1)

A. Mair, A. Vaziri, G. Weihs, and A. Zeilinger, “Entanglement of the orbital angular momentum states of photons,” Nature 412, 313–316 (2001).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

2000 (1)

1999 (2)

J. Demsar, K. Biljaković, and D. Mihailovic, “Single Particle and Collective Excitations in the One-Dimensional Charge DensityWave Solid K0.3MoO3 Probed in Real Time by Femtosecond Spectroscopy,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 83, 800–803 (1999).
[Crossref]

V. V. Kabanov, J. Demsar, B. Podobnik, and D. Mihailovic, “Quasiparticle relaxation dynamics in superconductors with different gap structures: Theory and experiments on YBa2Cu3O7-δ,” Phys. Rev. B 59, 1497–1506 (1999).
[Crossref]

1996 (1)

R.E. Thorne, “Charge-density-wave conductors,” Phys. Today 49, 42–47 (1996).
[Crossref]

1993 (1)

E.G. Churin, J. Hoßfelda, and T. Tschudia, “Polarization configurations with singular point formed by computer generated holograms,” Opt. Commun. 99, 13–17 (1993).
[Crossref]

1992 (2)

A. Ashkin, “Forces of a single-beam gradient laser trap on a dielectric sphere in the ray optics regime,” Biophys. J. 61, 569–582 (1992).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

L. Allen, M. W. Beijersbergen, R. J. C. Spreeuw, and J. P. Woerdman, “Orbital angular momentum of light and the transformation of Laguerre-Gaussian laser modes,” Phys. Rev. A 45, 8185–8189 (1992).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

1990 (1)

E. Sweetland, C-Y. Tsai, B. A. Wintner, and J. D. Brock, “Measurement of the charge-density-wave correlation length in NbSe3 by high-resolution x-ray scattering,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 65, 3165–3168 (1990).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

1989 (2)

R. Yamaguchi, T. Nose, and S. Sato, “Liquid crystal polarizers with axially symmetrical properties,” Jpn. J. Appl. Phys. 28, 1730–1731 (1989).
[Crossref]

C. G. Slough, B. Giambattista, A. Johnson, W.W. McNairy, and R. V. Coleman, “Scanning tunneling microscopy of charge-density waves in NbSe3,” Phys. Rev. B 39, 5496–5499 (1989).
[Crossref]

1988 (1)

G. Grüner, “The dynamics of charge-density waves,” Rev. Mod. Phys. 60, 1129–1181 (1988).
[Crossref]

1985 (1)

J. Nakahara, T, Taguchi, T. Araki, and M. Ido, “Effect of Charge Density Waves on Reflectance Spectra of TaS3 and NbSe3,” J. Phys. Soc. Jpn. 54, 2741–2746 (1985).
[Crossref]

1978 (1)

R. M. Fleming, D. E. Moncton, and D. B. McWhan, “X-ray scattering and electric field studies of the sliding mode conductor NbSe3,” Phys. Rev. B 18, 5560–5563 (1978).
[Crossref]

1977 (1)

N. P. Ong and P. Monceau, “Anomalous transport properties of a linear-chain metal: NbSe3,” Phys. Rev. B 16, 3443–3455 (1977).
[Crossref]

Adachi, S.

Allen, L.

L. Allen, M. W. Beijersbergen, R. J. C. Spreeuw, and J. P. Woerdman, “Orbital angular momentum of light and the transformation of Laguerre-Gaussian laser modes,” Phys. Rev. A 45, 8185–8189 (1992).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Araki, T.

J. Nakahara, T, Taguchi, T. Araki, and M. Ido, “Effect of Charge Density Waves on Reflectance Spectra of TaS3 and NbSe3,” J. Phys. Soc. Jpn. 54, 2741–2746 (1985).
[Crossref]

Ashkin, A.

A. Ashkin, “Forces of a single-beam gradient laser trap on a dielectric sphere in the ray optics regime,” Biophys. J. 61, 569–582 (1992).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Barnett, S. M.

Beijersbergen, M. W.

L. Allen, M. W. Beijersbergen, R. J. C. Spreeuw, and J. P. Woerdman, “Orbital angular momentum of light and the transformation of Laguerre-Gaussian laser modes,” Phys. Rev. A 45, 8185–8189 (1992).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Biljakovic, K.

J. Demsar, K. Biljaković, and D. Mihailovic, “Single Particle and Collective Excitations in the One-Dimensional Charge DensityWave Solid K0.3MoO3 Probed in Real Time by Femtosecond Spectroscopy,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 83, 800–803 (1999).
[Crossref]

Bokor, N.

Brock, J. D.

E. Sweetland, C-Y. Tsai, B. A. Wintner, and J. D. Brock, “Measurement of the charge-density-wave correlation length in NbSe3 by high-resolution x-ray scattering,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 65, 3165–3168 (1990).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Brown, T.

Churin, E.G.

E.G. Churin, J. Hoßfelda, and T. Tschudia, “Polarization configurations with singular point formed by computer generated holograms,” Opt. Commun. 99, 13–17 (1993).
[Crossref]

Claessen, R.

J. Schäfer, M. Sing, R. Claessen, Eli Rotenberg, X. J. Zhou, R. E. Thorne, and S. D. Kevan, “Unusual Spectral Behavior of Charge-DensityWaves with Imperfect Nesting in a Quasi-One-Dimensional Metal,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 91, 066401-1-4 (2003).
[Crossref]

Coleman, R. V.

C. G. Slough, B. Giambattista, A. Johnson, W.W. McNairy, and R. V. Coleman, “Scanning tunneling microscopy of charge-density waves in NbSe3,” Phys. Rev. B 39, 5496–5499 (1989).
[Crossref]

Courtial, J.

Degiorgi, L.

A. Perucchi, L. Degiorgi, and R. E. Thorne, “Optical investigation of the charge-density-wave phase transitions in NbSe3,” Phys. Rev. B 69, 195114-1-4 (2004).
[Crossref]

Demsar, J.

D. Dvorsek, V. V. Kabanov, J. Demsar, S. M. Kazakov, J. Karpinski, and D. Mihailovic, “Femtosecond quasiparticle relaxation dynamics and probe polarization anisotropy in YSrxBa2-xCu4O8 (x=0,0.4),” Phys. Rev. B 66, 020510-1-4 (2002).
[Crossref]

V. V. Kabanov, J. Demsar, B. Podobnik, and D. Mihailovic, “Quasiparticle relaxation dynamics in superconductors with different gap structures: Theory and experiments on YBa2Cu3O7-δ,” Phys. Rev. B 59, 1497–1506 (1999).
[Crossref]

J. Demsar, K. Biljaković, and D. Mihailovic, “Single Particle and Collective Excitations in the One-Dimensional Charge DensityWave Solid K0.3MoO3 Probed in Real Time by Femtosecond Spectroscopy,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 83, 800–803 (1999).
[Crossref]

Dennis, M. R.

Dvorsek, D.

D. Dvorsek, V. V. Kabanov, J. Demsar, S. M. Kazakov, J. Karpinski, and D. Mihailovic, “Femtosecond quasiparticle relaxation dynamics and probe polarization anisotropy in YSrxBa2-xCu4O8 (x=0,0.4),” Phys. Rev. B 66, 020510-1-4 (2002).
[Crossref]

Fleming, R. M.

R. M. Fleming, D. E. Moncton, and D. B. McWhan, “X-ray scattering and electric field studies of the sliding mode conductor NbSe3,” Phys. Rev. B 18, 5560–5563 (1978).
[Crossref]

Flossmann, F.

Franke-Arnold, S.

Fujii, M.

Giambattista, B.

C. G. Slough, B. Giambattista, A. Johnson, W.W. McNairy, and R. V. Coleman, “Scanning tunneling microscopy of charge-density waves in NbSe3,” Phys. Rev. B 39, 5496–5499 (1989).
[Crossref]

Gibson, G.

Grier, D. G.

D. G. Grier, “A revolution in optical manipulation,” Nature 424, 810–816 (2003).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Grüner, G.

G. Grüner, “The dynamics of charge-density waves,” Rev. Mod. Phys. 60, 1129–1181 (1988).
[Crossref]

Hamazaki, J.

J. Hamazaki, Y. Mineta, K. Oka, and R. Morita, “Direct observation of Gouy phase shift in a propagating optical vortex,” Opt. Express 18, 8382–8392 (2006).
[Crossref]

Hatakenaka, N.

S. Tanda, T. Tsuneta, Y. Okajima, K. Inagaki, K. Yamaya, and N. Hatakenaka, “A Möbius strip of single crystals,” Nature 417, 397–398 (2002).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Hell, S. W.

K. I. Willig, S. O. Rizzoli, V. Westphal, R. Jahn, and S. W. Hell, “STED microscopy reveals that synaptotagmin remains clustered after synaptic vesicle exocytosis,” Nature 440, 935–939 (2006).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Hiraga, T.

Hoßfelda, J.

E.G. Churin, J. Hoßfelda, and T. Tschudia, “Polarization configurations with singular point formed by computer generated holograms,” Opt. Commun. 99, 13–17 (1993).
[Crossref]

Ido, M.

J. Nakahara, T, Taguchi, T. Araki, and M. Ido, “Effect of Charge Density Waves on Reflectance Spectra of TaS3 and NbSe3,” J. Phys. Soc. Jpn. 54, 2741–2746 (1985).
[Crossref]

Iketaki, Y.

Inagaki, K.

Y. Toda, R. Onozaki, M. Tsubota, K. Inagaki, and S. Tanda, “Optical selection of a multiple phase order in the charge density wave condensate o-TaS3 using a spectrally resolved nonequilibrium measurement,” Phys. Rev. B 80, 121103-1-4 (2009).
[Crossref]

T. Tsuneta, S. Tanda, K. Inagaki, Y. Okajima, and K. Yamaya, “New crystal topologies and the charge-densitywave in NbSe3,” Physica B 329– 333, 1544–1545 (2003).
[Crossref]

S. Tanda, T. Tsuneta, Y. Okajima, K. Inagaki, K. Yamaya, and N. Hatakenaka, “A Möbius strip of single crystals,” Nature 417, 397–398 (2002).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

M. Tsubota, K. Inagaki, and S. Tanda, “Aharonov-Bohm Effect at liquid-nitrogen temperature : Frohlich super-conducting quantum device,” arXiv:0906.5206.

Inoue, Y.

Y. Kozawa, S. Sato, T. Sato, Y. Inoue, Y. Ohtera, and S. Kawakami, “Cylindrical Vector Laser Beam Generated by the Use of a Photonic Crystal Mirror,” Appl. Phys. Express 1, 022008-1-3 (2008).
[Crossref]

Jackel, S.

Jahn, R.

K. I. Willig, S. O. Rizzoli, V. Westphal, R. Jahn, and S. W. Hell, “STED microscopy reveals that synaptotagmin remains clustered after synaptic vesicle exocytosis,” Nature 440, 935–939 (2006).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Johnson, A.

C. G. Slough, B. Giambattista, A. Johnson, W.W. McNairy, and R. V. Coleman, “Scanning tunneling microscopy of charge-density waves in NbSe3,” Phys. Rev. B 39, 5496–5499 (1989).
[Crossref]

Kabanov, V. V.

D. Dvorsek, V. V. Kabanov, J. Demsar, S. M. Kazakov, J. Karpinski, and D. Mihailovic, “Femtosecond quasiparticle relaxation dynamics and probe polarization anisotropy in YSrxBa2-xCu4O8 (x=0,0.4),” Phys. Rev. B 66, 020510-1-4 (2002).
[Crossref]

V. V. Kabanov, J. Demsar, B. Podobnik, and D. Mihailovic, “Quasiparticle relaxation dynamics in superconductors with different gap structures: Theory and experiments on YBa2Cu3O7-δ,” Phys. Rev. B 59, 1497–1506 (1999).
[Crossref]

Karpinski, J.

D. Dvorsek, V. V. Kabanov, J. Demsar, S. M. Kazakov, J. Karpinski, and D. Mihailovic, “Femtosecond quasiparticle relaxation dynamics and probe polarization anisotropy in YSrxBa2-xCu4O8 (x=0,0.4),” Phys. Rev. B 66, 020510-1-4 (2002).
[Crossref]

Kawakami, S.

Y. Kozawa, S. Sato, T. Sato, Y. Inoue, Y. Ohtera, and S. Kawakami, “Cylindrical Vector Laser Beam Generated by the Use of a Photonic Crystal Mirror,” Appl. Phys. Express 1, 022008-1-3 (2008).
[Crossref]

Kazakov, S. M.

D. Dvorsek, V. V. Kabanov, J. Demsar, S. M. Kazakov, J. Karpinski, and D. Mihailovic, “Femtosecond quasiparticle relaxation dynamics and probe polarization anisotropy in YSrxBa2-xCu4O8 (x=0,0.4),” Phys. Rev. B 66, 020510-1-4 (2002).
[Crossref]

Kevan, S. D.

J. Schäfer, M. Sing, R. Claessen, Eli Rotenberg, X. J. Zhou, R. E. Thorne, and S. D. Kevan, “Unusual Spectral Behavior of Charge-DensityWaves with Imperfect Nesting in a Quasi-One-Dimensional Metal,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 91, 066401-1-4 (2003).
[Crossref]

Kozawa, Y.

Y. Kozawa, S. Sato, T. Sato, Y. Inoue, Y. Ohtera, and S. Kawakami, “Cylindrical Vector Laser Beam Generated by the Use of a Photonic Crystal Mirror,” Appl. Phys. Express 1, 022008-1-3 (2008).
[Crossref]

Maier, M.

Mair, A.

A. Mair, A. Vaziri, G. Weihs, and A. Zeilinger, “Entanglement of the orbital angular momentum states of photons,” Nature 412, 313–316 (2001).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

McNairy, W.W.

C. G. Slough, B. Giambattista, A. Johnson, W.W. McNairy, and R. V. Coleman, “Scanning tunneling microscopy of charge-density waves in NbSe3,” Phys. Rev. B 39, 5496–5499 (1989).
[Crossref]

McWhan, D. B.

R. M. Fleming, D. E. Moncton, and D. B. McWhan, “X-ray scattering and electric field studies of the sliding mode conductor NbSe3,” Phys. Rev. B 18, 5560–5563 (1978).
[Crossref]

Meir, A.

Mihailovic, D.

D. Dvorsek, V. V. Kabanov, J. Demsar, S. M. Kazakov, J. Karpinski, and D. Mihailovic, “Femtosecond quasiparticle relaxation dynamics and probe polarization anisotropy in YSrxBa2-xCu4O8 (x=0,0.4),” Phys. Rev. B 66, 020510-1-4 (2002).
[Crossref]

V. V. Kabanov, J. Demsar, B. Podobnik, and D. Mihailovic, “Quasiparticle relaxation dynamics in superconductors with different gap structures: Theory and experiments on YBa2Cu3O7-δ,” Phys. Rev. B 59, 1497–1506 (1999).
[Crossref]

J. Demsar, K. Biljaković, and D. Mihailovic, “Single Particle and Collective Excitations in the One-Dimensional Charge DensityWave Solid K0.3MoO3 Probed in Real Time by Femtosecond Spectroscopy,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 83, 800–803 (1999).
[Crossref]

Mineta, Y.

J. Hamazaki, Y. Mineta, K. Oka, and R. Morita, “Direct observation of Gouy phase shift in a propagating optical vortex,” Opt. Express 18, 8382–8392 (2006).
[Crossref]

Monceau, P.

N. P. Ong and P. Monceau, “Anomalous transport properties of a linear-chain metal: NbSe3,” Phys. Rev. B 16, 3443–3455 (1977).
[Crossref]

Moncton, D. E.

R. M. Fleming, D. E. Moncton, and D. B. McWhan, “X-ray scattering and electric field studies of the sliding mode conductor NbSe3,” Phys. Rev. B 18, 5560–5563 (1978).
[Crossref]

Morita, R.

Moshe, I.

Nakahara, J.

J. Nakahara, T, Taguchi, T. Araki, and M. Ido, “Effect of Charge Density Waves on Reflectance Spectra of TaS3 and NbSe3,” J. Phys. Soc. Jpn. 54, 2741–2746 (1985).
[Crossref]

Nose, T.

R. Yamaguchi, T. Nose, and S. Sato, “Liquid crystal polarizers with axially symmetrical properties,” Jpn. J. Appl. Phys. 28, 1730–1731 (1989).
[Crossref]

Ohtera, Y.

Y. Kozawa, S. Sato, T. Sato, Y. Inoue, Y. Ohtera, and S. Kawakami, “Cylindrical Vector Laser Beam Generated by the Use of a Photonic Crystal Mirror,” Appl. Phys. Express 1, 022008-1-3 (2008).
[Crossref]

Oka, K.

Y. Tokizane, K. Oka, and R. Morita, “Supercontinuum optical vortex pulse generation without spatial or topological-charge dispersion,” Opt. Express 17, 14517–14525 (2009).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

J. Hamazaki, Y. Mineta, K. Oka, and R. Morita, “Direct observation of Gouy phase shift in a propagating optical vortex,” Opt. Express 18, 8382–8392 (2006).
[Crossref]

Okajima, Y.

T. Tsuneta, S. Tanda, K. Inagaki, Y. Okajima, and K. Yamaya, “New crystal topologies and the charge-densitywave in NbSe3,” Physica B 329– 333, 1544–1545 (2003).
[Crossref]

S. Tanda, T. Tsuneta, Y. Okajima, K. Inagaki, K. Yamaya, and N. Hatakenaka, “A Möbius strip of single crystals,” Nature 417, 397–398 (2002).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Omatsu, T.

Ong, N. P.

N. P. Ong and P. Monceau, “Anomalous transport properties of a linear-chain metal: NbSe3,” Phys. Rev. B 16, 3443–3455 (1977).
[Crossref]

Onozaki, R.

Y. Toda, R. Onozaki, M. Tsubota, K. Inagaki, and S. Tanda, “Optical selection of a multiple phase order in the charge density wave condensate o-TaS3 using a spectrally resolved nonequilibrium measurement,” Phys. Rev. B 80, 121103-1-4 (2009).
[Crossref]

Padgett, M. J.

Pas’ko, V.

Perucchi, A.

A. Perucchi, L. Degiorgi, and R. E. Thorne, “Optical investigation of the charge-density-wave phase transitions in NbSe3,” Phys. Rev. B 69, 195114-1-4 (2004).
[Crossref]

Podobnik, B.

V. V. Kabanov, J. Demsar, B. Podobnik, and D. Mihailovic, “Quasiparticle relaxation dynamics in superconductors with different gap structures: Theory and experiments on YBa2Cu3O7-δ,” Phys. Rev. B 59, 1497–1506 (1999).
[Crossref]

Rizzoli, S. O.

K. I. Willig, S. O. Rizzoli, V. Westphal, R. Jahn, and S. W. Hell, “STED microscopy reveals that synaptotagmin remains clustered after synaptic vesicle exocytosis,” Nature 440, 935–939 (2006).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Rotenberg, Eli

J. Schäfer, M. Sing, R. Claessen, Eli Rotenberg, X. J. Zhou, R. E. Thorne, and S. D. Kevan, “Unusual Spectral Behavior of Charge-DensityWaves with Imperfect Nesting in a Quasi-One-Dimensional Metal,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 91, 066401-1-4 (2003).
[Crossref]

Sato, S.

Y. Kozawa, S. Sato, T. Sato, Y. Inoue, Y. Ohtera, and S. Kawakami, “Cylindrical Vector Laser Beam Generated by the Use of a Photonic Crystal Mirror,” Appl. Phys. Express 1, 022008-1-3 (2008).
[Crossref]

R. Yamaguchi, T. Nose, and S. Sato, “Liquid crystal polarizers with axially symmetrical properties,” Jpn. J. Appl. Phys. 28, 1730–1731 (1989).
[Crossref]

Sato, T.

Y. Kozawa, S. Sato, T. Sato, Y. Inoue, Y. Ohtera, and S. Kawakami, “Cylindrical Vector Laser Beam Generated by the Use of a Photonic Crystal Mirror,” Appl. Phys. Express 1, 022008-1-3 (2008).
[Crossref]

Schäfer, J.

J. Schäfer, M. Sing, R. Claessen, Eli Rotenberg, X. J. Zhou, R. E. Thorne, and S. D. Kevan, “Unusual Spectral Behavior of Charge-DensityWaves with Imperfect Nesting in a Quasi-One-Dimensional Metal,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 91, 066401-1-4 (2003).
[Crossref]

Schwarz, U.T.

Shimatake, K.

K. Shimatake, Y. Toda, and S. Tanda, “Selective optical probing of the charge-density-wave phases in NbSe3,” Phys. Rev. B 75, 115120-1-5 (2007).
[Crossref]

K. Shimatake, Y. Toda, and S. Tanda, “Quenching of phase coherence in quasi-one-dimensional ring crystals,” Phys. Rev. B 73, 153403-1-4 (2006).
[Crossref]

Sing, M.

J. Schäfer, M. Sing, R. Claessen, Eli Rotenberg, X. J. Zhou, R. E. Thorne, and S. D. Kevan, “Unusual Spectral Behavior of Charge-DensityWaves with Imperfect Nesting in a Quasi-One-Dimensional Metal,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 91, 066401-1-4 (2003).
[Crossref]

Slough, C. G.

C. G. Slough, B. Giambattista, A. Johnson, W.W. McNairy, and R. V. Coleman, “Scanning tunneling microscopy of charge-density waves in NbSe3,” Phys. Rev. B 39, 5496–5499 (1989).
[Crossref]

Spreeuw, R. J. C.

L. Allen, M. W. Beijersbergen, R. J. C. Spreeuw, and J. P. Woerdman, “Orbital angular momentum of light and the transformation of Laguerre-Gaussian laser modes,” Phys. Rev. A 45, 8185–8189 (1992).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Sweetland, E.

E. Sweetland, C-Y. Tsai, B. A. Wintner, and J. D. Brock, “Measurement of the charge-density-wave correlation length in NbSe3 by high-resolution x-ray scattering,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 65, 3165–3168 (1990).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Taguchi, T,

J. Nakahara, T, Taguchi, T. Araki, and M. Ido, “Effect of Charge Density Waves on Reflectance Spectra of TaS3 and NbSe3,” J. Phys. Soc. Jpn. 54, 2741–2746 (1985).
[Crossref]

Tanda, S.

Y. Toda, R. Onozaki, M. Tsubota, K. Inagaki, and S. Tanda, “Optical selection of a multiple phase order in the charge density wave condensate o-TaS3 using a spectrally resolved nonequilibrium measurement,” Phys. Rev. B 80, 121103-1-4 (2009).
[Crossref]

K. Shimatake, Y. Toda, and S. Tanda, “Selective optical probing of the charge-density-wave phases in NbSe3,” Phys. Rev. B 75, 115120-1-5 (2007).
[Crossref]

K. Shimatake, Y. Toda, and S. Tanda, “Quenching of phase coherence in quasi-one-dimensional ring crystals,” Phys. Rev. B 73, 153403-1-4 (2006).
[Crossref]

T. Tsuneta and S. Tanda, “Formation and growth of NbSe3 topological crystals,” J. Cryst. Growth 264, 223-231 (2004).
[Crossref]

T. Tsuneta, S. Tanda, K. Inagaki, Y. Okajima, and K. Yamaya, “New crystal topologies and the charge-densitywave in NbSe3,” Physica B 329– 333, 1544–1545 (2003).
[Crossref]

S. Tanda, T. Tsuneta, Y. Okajima, K. Inagaki, K. Yamaya, and N. Hatakenaka, “A Möbius strip of single crystals,” Nature 417, 397–398 (2002).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

M. Tsubota, K. Inagaki, and S. Tanda, “Aharonov-Bohm Effect at liquid-nitrogen temperature : Frohlich super-conducting quantum device,” arXiv:0906.5206.

Tawara, T.

Thorne, R. E.

A. Perucchi, L. Degiorgi, and R. E. Thorne, “Optical investigation of the charge-density-wave phase transitions in NbSe3,” Phys. Rev. B 69, 195114-1-4 (2004).
[Crossref]

J. Schäfer, M. Sing, R. Claessen, Eli Rotenberg, X. J. Zhou, R. E. Thorne, and S. D. Kevan, “Unusual Spectral Behavior of Charge-DensityWaves with Imperfect Nesting in a Quasi-One-Dimensional Metal,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 91, 066401-1-4 (2003).
[Crossref]

Thorne, R.E.

R.E. Thorne, “Charge-density-wave conductors,” Phys. Today 49, 42–47 (1996).
[Crossref]

Toda, Y.

Y. Toda, R. Onozaki, M. Tsubota, K. Inagaki, and S. Tanda, “Optical selection of a multiple phase order in the charge density wave condensate o-TaS3 using a spectrally resolved nonequilibrium measurement,” Phys. Rev. B 80, 121103-1-4 (2009).
[Crossref]

Y. Ueno, Y. Toda, S. Adachi, R. Morita, and T. Tawara, “Coherent transfer of orbital angular momentum to excitons by optical four-wave mixing,” Opt. Express 17, 20567–20574 (2009).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

K. Shimatake, Y. Toda, and S. Tanda, “Selective optical probing of the charge-density-wave phases in NbSe3,” Phys. Rev. B 75, 115120-1-5 (2007).
[Crossref]

K. Shimatake, Y. Toda, and S. Tanda, “Quenching of phase coherence in quasi-one-dimensional ring crystals,” Phys. Rev. B 73, 153403-1-4 (2006).
[Crossref]

Tokizane, Y.

Tsai, C-Y.

E. Sweetland, C-Y. Tsai, B. A. Wintner, and J. D. Brock, “Measurement of the charge-density-wave correlation length in NbSe3 by high-resolution x-ray scattering,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 65, 3165–3168 (1990).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Tschudia, T.

E.G. Churin, J. Hoßfelda, and T. Tschudia, “Polarization configurations with singular point formed by computer generated holograms,” Opt. Commun. 99, 13–17 (1993).
[Crossref]

Tsubota, M.

Y. Toda, R. Onozaki, M. Tsubota, K. Inagaki, and S. Tanda, “Optical selection of a multiple phase order in the charge density wave condensate o-TaS3 using a spectrally resolved nonequilibrium measurement,” Phys. Rev. B 80, 121103-1-4 (2009).
[Crossref]

M. Tsubota, K. Inagaki, and S. Tanda, “Aharonov-Bohm Effect at liquid-nitrogen temperature : Frohlich super-conducting quantum device,” arXiv:0906.5206.

Tsuneta, T.

T. Tsuneta and S. Tanda, “Formation and growth of NbSe3 topological crystals,” J. Cryst. Growth 264, 223-231 (2004).
[Crossref]

T. Tsuneta, S. Tanda, K. Inagaki, Y. Okajima, and K. Yamaya, “New crystal topologies and the charge-densitywave in NbSe3,” Physica B 329– 333, 1544–1545 (2003).
[Crossref]

S. Tanda, T. Tsuneta, Y. Okajima, K. Inagaki, K. Yamaya, and N. Hatakenaka, “A Möbius strip of single crystals,” Nature 417, 397–398 (2002).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Ueno, Y.

Vasnetsov, M.

Vaziri, A.

A. Mair, A. Vaziri, G. Weihs, and A. Zeilinger, “Entanglement of the orbital angular momentum states of photons,” Nature 412, 313–316 (2001).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Watanabe, T.

Weihs, G.

A. Mair, A. Vaziri, G. Weihs, and A. Zeilinger, “Entanglement of the orbital angular momentum states of photons,” Nature 412, 313–316 (2001).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Westphal, V.

K. I. Willig, S. O. Rizzoli, V. Westphal, R. Jahn, and S. W. Hell, “STED microscopy reveals that synaptotagmin remains clustered after synaptic vesicle exocytosis,” Nature 440, 935–939 (2006).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Willig, K. I.

K. I. Willig, S. O. Rizzoli, V. Westphal, R. Jahn, and S. W. Hell, “STED microscopy reveals that synaptotagmin remains clustered after synaptic vesicle exocytosis,” Nature 440, 935–939 (2006).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Wintner, B. A.

E. Sweetland, C-Y. Tsai, B. A. Wintner, and J. D. Brock, “Measurement of the charge-density-wave correlation length in NbSe3 by high-resolution x-ray scattering,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 65, 3165–3168 (1990).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Woerdman, J. P.

L. Allen, M. W. Beijersbergen, R. J. C. Spreeuw, and J. P. Woerdman, “Orbital angular momentum of light and the transformation of Laguerre-Gaussian laser modes,” Phys. Rev. A 45, 8185–8189 (1992).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Yamaguchi, R.

R. Yamaguchi, T. Nose, and S. Sato, “Liquid crystal polarizers with axially symmetrical properties,” Jpn. J. Appl. Phys. 28, 1730–1731 (1989).
[Crossref]

Yamamoto, K.

Yamaya, K.

T. Tsuneta, S. Tanda, K. Inagaki, Y. Okajima, and K. Yamaya, “New crystal topologies and the charge-densitywave in NbSe3,” Physica B 329– 333, 1544–1545 (2003).
[Crossref]

S. Tanda, T. Tsuneta, Y. Okajima, K. Inagaki, K. Yamaya, and N. Hatakenaka, “A Möbius strip of single crystals,” Nature 417, 397–398 (2002).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Youngworth, K.

Zeilinger, A.

A. Mair, A. Vaziri, G. Weihs, and A. Zeilinger, “Entanglement of the orbital angular momentum states of photons,” Nature 412, 313–316 (2001).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Zhou, X. J.

J. Schäfer, M. Sing, R. Claessen, Eli Rotenberg, X. J. Zhou, R. E. Thorne, and S. D. Kevan, “Unusual Spectral Behavior of Charge-DensityWaves with Imperfect Nesting in a Quasi-One-Dimensional Metal,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 91, 066401-1-4 (2003).
[Crossref]

Appl. Phys. Express (1)

Y. Kozawa, S. Sato, T. Sato, Y. Inoue, Y. Ohtera, and S. Kawakami, “Cylindrical Vector Laser Beam Generated by the Use of a Photonic Crystal Mirror,” Appl. Phys. Express 1, 022008-1-3 (2008).
[Crossref]

Appl. Spectrosc. (1)

Biophys. J. (1)

A. Ashkin, “Forces of a single-beam gradient laser trap on a dielectric sphere in the ray optics regime,” Biophys. J. 61, 569–582 (1992).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

J. Cryst. Growth (1)

T. Tsuneta and S. Tanda, “Formation and growth of NbSe3 topological crystals,” J. Cryst. Growth 264, 223-231 (2004).
[Crossref]

J. Phys. Soc. Jpn. (1)

J. Nakahara, T, Taguchi, T. Araki, and M. Ido, “Effect of Charge Density Waves on Reflectance Spectra of TaS3 and NbSe3,” J. Phys. Soc. Jpn. 54, 2741–2746 (1985).
[Crossref]

Jpn. J. Appl. Phys. (1)

R. Yamaguchi, T. Nose, and S. Sato, “Liquid crystal polarizers with axially symmetrical properties,” Jpn. J. Appl. Phys. 28, 1730–1731 (1989).
[Crossref]

Nature (4)

S. Tanda, T. Tsuneta, Y. Okajima, K. Inagaki, K. Yamaya, and N. Hatakenaka, “A Möbius strip of single crystals,” Nature 417, 397–398 (2002).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

D. G. Grier, “A revolution in optical manipulation,” Nature 424, 810–816 (2003).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

K. I. Willig, S. O. Rizzoli, V. Westphal, R. Jahn, and S. W. Hell, “STED microscopy reveals that synaptotagmin remains clustered after synaptic vesicle exocytosis,” Nature 440, 935–939 (2006).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

A. Mair, A. Vaziri, G. Weihs, and A. Zeilinger, “Entanglement of the orbital angular momentum states of photons,” Nature 412, 313–316 (2001).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Opt. Commun. (1)

E.G. Churin, J. Hoßfelda, and T. Tschudia, “Polarization configurations with singular point formed by computer generated holograms,” Opt. Commun. 99, 13–17 (1993).
[Crossref]

Opt. Express (6)

Opt. Lett. (1)

Phys. Rev. A (1)

L. Allen, M. W. Beijersbergen, R. J. C. Spreeuw, and J. P. Woerdman, “Orbital angular momentum of light and the transformation of Laguerre-Gaussian laser modes,” Phys. Rev. A 45, 8185–8189 (1992).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Phys. Rev. B (9)

A. Perucchi, L. Degiorgi, and R. E. Thorne, “Optical investigation of the charge-density-wave phase transitions in NbSe3,” Phys. Rev. B 69, 195114-1-4 (2004).
[Crossref]

C. G. Slough, B. Giambattista, A. Johnson, W.W. McNairy, and R. V. Coleman, “Scanning tunneling microscopy of charge-density waves in NbSe3,” Phys. Rev. B 39, 5496–5499 (1989).
[Crossref]

K. Shimatake, Y. Toda, and S. Tanda, “Quenching of phase coherence in quasi-one-dimensional ring crystals,” Phys. Rev. B 73, 153403-1-4 (2006).
[Crossref]

K. Shimatake, Y. Toda, and S. Tanda, “Selective optical probing of the charge-density-wave phases in NbSe3,” Phys. Rev. B 75, 115120-1-5 (2007).
[Crossref]

N. P. Ong and P. Monceau, “Anomalous transport properties of a linear-chain metal: NbSe3,” Phys. Rev. B 16, 3443–3455 (1977).
[Crossref]

V. V. Kabanov, J. Demsar, B. Podobnik, and D. Mihailovic, “Quasiparticle relaxation dynamics in superconductors with different gap structures: Theory and experiments on YBa2Cu3O7-δ,” Phys. Rev. B 59, 1497–1506 (1999).
[Crossref]

D. Dvorsek, V. V. Kabanov, J. Demsar, S. M. Kazakov, J. Karpinski, and D. Mihailovic, “Femtosecond quasiparticle relaxation dynamics and probe polarization anisotropy in YSrxBa2-xCu4O8 (x=0,0.4),” Phys. Rev. B 66, 020510-1-4 (2002).
[Crossref]

Y. Toda, R. Onozaki, M. Tsubota, K. Inagaki, and S. Tanda, “Optical selection of a multiple phase order in the charge density wave condensate o-TaS3 using a spectrally resolved nonequilibrium measurement,” Phys. Rev. B 80, 121103-1-4 (2009).
[Crossref]

R. M. Fleming, D. E. Moncton, and D. B. McWhan, “X-ray scattering and electric field studies of the sliding mode conductor NbSe3,” Phys. Rev. B 18, 5560–5563 (1978).
[Crossref]

Phys. Rev. Lett. (3)

J. Schäfer, M. Sing, R. Claessen, Eli Rotenberg, X. J. Zhou, R. E. Thorne, and S. D. Kevan, “Unusual Spectral Behavior of Charge-DensityWaves with Imperfect Nesting in a Quasi-One-Dimensional Metal,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 91, 066401-1-4 (2003).
[Crossref]

J. Demsar, K. Biljaković, and D. Mihailovic, “Single Particle and Collective Excitations in the One-Dimensional Charge DensityWave Solid K0.3MoO3 Probed in Real Time by Femtosecond Spectroscopy,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 83, 800–803 (1999).
[Crossref]

E. Sweetland, C-Y. Tsai, B. A. Wintner, and J. D. Brock, “Measurement of the charge-density-wave correlation length in NbSe3 by high-resolution x-ray scattering,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 65, 3165–3168 (1990).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Phys. Today (1)

R.E. Thorne, “Charge-density-wave conductors,” Phys. Today 49, 42–47 (1996).
[Crossref]

Physica B (1)

T. Tsuneta, S. Tanda, K. Inagaki, Y. Okajima, and K. Yamaya, “New crystal topologies and the charge-densitywave in NbSe3,” Physica B 329– 333, 1544–1545 (2003).
[Crossref]

Rev. Mod. Phys. (1)

G. Grüner, “The dynamics of charge-density waves,” Rev. Mod. Phys. 60, 1129–1181 (1988).
[Crossref]

Other (1)

M. Tsubota, K. Inagaki, and S. Tanda, “Aharonov-Bohm Effect at liquid-nitrogen temperature : Frohlich super-conducting quantum device,” arXiv:0906.5206.

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Figures (4)

Fig. 1.
Fig. 1.

(a) Polarization distribution at the beam cross section of the polarization vortex (upper). α is relative angle between the axes of the half-wave plates in (b). Polarization distribution of the linear polarization are also shown for comparison (lower). (b) Optical setup for generating polarization vortex. (P: polarizer, QWP: quarter-wave plate, RP: radial polarizer, HWPs: half-wave plates)

Fig. 2.
Fig. 2.

(a) The band structures and the electron-density distributions on the lattice above (left) and below (right) Tc . A schematic illustration of collective excitations is shown in the box. PM and AM are the displacive and amplitude modes of CDW, respectively. The electron micrographs of the (b) whisker and (c) ring shaped NbSe3 crystals. The red arrows indicate the directions of the conduction b axis of the crystals.

Fig. 3.
Fig. 3.

Experimental setup for the two-color pump-probe measurement. The polarization vortex generation system is inserted on the path of the probe pulse.

Fig. 4.
Fig. 4.

Transient ΔR for (a) a whisker crystal measured by the linear polarization with various θ, (b) a ring crystal measured by the polarization vortex with various θ′, and (c) a whisker crystal measured by the polarization vortex with various θ′. (d)–(e) show the corresponding polarization angle (θ or θ′) dependence of the SP polarization in (a)–(c), respectively, where the polarization is deduced from ΔRSP normalized by the symmetric ΔRAM .

Equations (1)

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Δ R ( r , θ ) = Δ R sp ( θ ) exp ( t / τ sp ) + Δ R AM cos ( 2 π v A M t ) ,

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