Abstract

We report an experimental demonstration of dual-channel all-optical wavelength conversion switching in hot Rb vapor. In a four-level atomic system, a coupling field and a pump field interact with both 87 Rb and 85 Rb isotopes simultaneously and facilitate the generation of two nonlinear signals when the probe field is applied to the corresponding transition. Each nonlinear signal is switched on and off separately by the pump field at different frequencies based on four-wave mixing and isotope shifts.

© 2009 Optical Society of America

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  1. S. E. Harris and Y. Yamamoto, "Photon Switching by Quantum Interference," Phys. Rev. Lett. 81, 3611-3614 (1998).
    [CrossRef]
  2. D. A. Braje, V. Balic, G. Y. Yin, and S. E. Harris, "Low-light-level nonlinear optics with slow light," Phys. Rev. A 68, 041801 (2003).
    [CrossRef]
  3. M. Yan, E. G. Rickey, and Y. F. Zhu, "Observation of absorptive photon switching by quantum interference," Phys. Rev. A 64, 041801 (2001).
    [CrossRef]
  4. Y. F. Chen, Z. H. Tsai, Y. C. Liu, and I. A. Yu, "Low-light-level photon switching by quantum interference," Opt. Lett. 30, 3207-3209 (2005).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  5. J. P. Zhang, G. Hernandez, and Y. F. Zhu, "All-optical switching at ultralow light levels," Opt. Lett. 32, 1317-1319 (2007).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  6. A. M. C. Dawes, L. Illing, S. M. Clark, and D. J. Gauthier, "All-Optical Switching in Rubidium Vapor," Science 308, 672-674 (2005).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  7. A. M. C. Dawes, L. Illing, J. A. Greenberg, and D. J. Gauthier, "All-optical switching with transverse optical patterns," Phys. Rev. A 77, 013833 (2008).
    [CrossRef]
  8. C. Y. Ye, V. A. Sautenkov, and Y. V. Rostovtsev, and M. O. Scully, "Fast optical switching via stimulated Raman adiabatic passage," Opt. Lett. 28, 2213-2215 (2003).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  9. X. L. Song, L. Wang, Z. H. Kang, R. Z. Lin, X. Li, Y. Jiang, and J. Y. Gao, "Optical signal storage and switching between two wavelengths," Appl. Phys. Lett. 91, 071106 (2007).
    [CrossRef]
  10. A. W. Brown and M. Xiao, "All-optical switching and routing based on an electromagnetically induced absorption grating," Opt. Lett. 30, 699-701 (2005).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  11. J. H. Wu, J. Y. Gao, J. H. Xu, L. Silvestri, M. Artoni, G. C. La Rocca, and F. Bassani, "Ultrafast All Optical Switching via Tunable Fano Interference," Phys. Rev. Lett. 95, 057401 (2005).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  12. C. Y. Wang, Y. F. Chen, S. C. Lin, W. H. Lin, P. C. Kuan, and I. A. Yu, "Low-light-level all-optical switching," Opt. Lett. 31, 2350-2352 (2006).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  13. W. H. Lin,W. T. Liao, C. Y. Wang, Y. G. Lee, and I. A. Yu, "Low-light-level all-optical switching based on stored light pulses," Phys. Rev. A 78, 033807 (2008).
    [CrossRef]
  14. T. S. El-Bawab, Optical Switching (Springer, 2006).
    [CrossRef]
  15. Y. Li and M. Xiao, "Enhancement of nondegenerate four-wave mixing based on electromagnetically induced transparency in rubidium atoms," Opt. Lett. 21, 1064-1066 (1996).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  16. W. Jiang, Q. Chen, Y. Zhang, and G. C. Guo, "Optical pumping-assisted electromagnetically induced transparency," Phys. Rev. A 73, 053804 (2006).
    [CrossRef]
  17. G. Wang, College of Physics, Jilin University, Changchun 130023, P. R. China, Y. Xue, J. H.Wu, Z. H. Kang, Y. Jiang, S. S. Liu, and J. Y. Gao are preparing a manuscript to be called "Efficient frequency conversion induced by quantum constructive interference."
  18. S. A. Moiseev, Y. Chen and B. S. Ham, "Numerical Analysis of Stationary Light for Potential Applications of a Quantum Interface," J. Korean Phys. Soc. 49, 2293-2302 (2006).
  19. S. A. Moiseev and B. S. Ham, "Quantum control and manipulation of Multi-Color Light fields," Optics and Spectroscopy 103, 210-218 (2007).
    [CrossRef]
  20. S. A. Moiseev and B. S. Ham "Generation and Manipulation of Multi-Color Stationary Light Field Using electromagnetically induced transparency," E-print arXiv: quant-ph/0606243, http://arxiv.org/abs/quant-ph/0606243

2008 (2)

A. M. C. Dawes, L. Illing, J. A. Greenberg, and D. J. Gauthier, "All-optical switching with transverse optical patterns," Phys. Rev. A 77, 013833 (2008).
[CrossRef]

W. H. Lin,W. T. Liao, C. Y. Wang, Y. G. Lee, and I. A. Yu, "Low-light-level all-optical switching based on stored light pulses," Phys. Rev. A 78, 033807 (2008).
[CrossRef]

2007 (3)

X. L. Song, L. Wang, Z. H. Kang, R. Z. Lin, X. Li, Y. Jiang, and J. Y. Gao, "Optical signal storage and switching between two wavelengths," Appl. Phys. Lett. 91, 071106 (2007).
[CrossRef]

S. A. Moiseev and B. S. Ham, "Quantum control and manipulation of Multi-Color Light fields," Optics and Spectroscopy 103, 210-218 (2007).
[CrossRef]

J. P. Zhang, G. Hernandez, and Y. F. Zhu, "All-optical switching at ultralow light levels," Opt. Lett. 32, 1317-1319 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

2006 (3)

C. Y. Wang, Y. F. Chen, S. C. Lin, W. H. Lin, P. C. Kuan, and I. A. Yu, "Low-light-level all-optical switching," Opt. Lett. 31, 2350-2352 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

W. Jiang, Q. Chen, Y. Zhang, and G. C. Guo, "Optical pumping-assisted electromagnetically induced transparency," Phys. Rev. A 73, 053804 (2006).
[CrossRef]

S. A. Moiseev, Y. Chen and B. S. Ham, "Numerical Analysis of Stationary Light for Potential Applications of a Quantum Interface," J. Korean Phys. Soc. 49, 2293-2302 (2006).

2005 (4)

A. W. Brown and M. Xiao, "All-optical switching and routing based on an electromagnetically induced absorption grating," Opt. Lett. 30, 699-701 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

J. H. Wu, J. Y. Gao, J. H. Xu, L. Silvestri, M. Artoni, G. C. La Rocca, and F. Bassani, "Ultrafast All Optical Switching via Tunable Fano Interference," Phys. Rev. Lett. 95, 057401 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

A. M. C. Dawes, L. Illing, S. M. Clark, and D. J. Gauthier, "All-Optical Switching in Rubidium Vapor," Science 308, 672-674 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Y. F. Chen, Z. H. Tsai, Y. C. Liu, and I. A. Yu, "Low-light-level photon switching by quantum interference," Opt. Lett. 30, 3207-3209 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

2003 (2)

D. A. Braje, V. Balic, G. Y. Yin, and S. E. Harris, "Low-light-level nonlinear optics with slow light," Phys. Rev. A 68, 041801 (2003).
[CrossRef]

C. Y. Ye, V. A. Sautenkov, and Y. V. Rostovtsev, and M. O. Scully, "Fast optical switching via stimulated Raman adiabatic passage," Opt. Lett. 28, 2213-2215 (2003).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

2001 (1)

M. Yan, E. G. Rickey, and Y. F. Zhu, "Observation of absorptive photon switching by quantum interference," Phys. Rev. A 64, 041801 (2001).
[CrossRef]

1998 (1)

S. E. Harris and Y. Yamamoto, "Photon Switching by Quantum Interference," Phys. Rev. Lett. 81, 3611-3614 (1998).
[CrossRef]

1996 (1)

Artoni, M.

J. H. Wu, J. Y. Gao, J. H. Xu, L. Silvestri, M. Artoni, G. C. La Rocca, and F. Bassani, "Ultrafast All Optical Switching via Tunable Fano Interference," Phys. Rev. Lett. 95, 057401 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Balic, V.

D. A. Braje, V. Balic, G. Y. Yin, and S. E. Harris, "Low-light-level nonlinear optics with slow light," Phys. Rev. A 68, 041801 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Bassani, F.

J. H. Wu, J. Y. Gao, J. H. Xu, L. Silvestri, M. Artoni, G. C. La Rocca, and F. Bassani, "Ultrafast All Optical Switching via Tunable Fano Interference," Phys. Rev. Lett. 95, 057401 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Braje, D. A.

D. A. Braje, V. Balic, G. Y. Yin, and S. E. Harris, "Low-light-level nonlinear optics with slow light," Phys. Rev. A 68, 041801 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Brown, A. W.

Chen, Q.

W. Jiang, Q. Chen, Y. Zhang, and G. C. Guo, "Optical pumping-assisted electromagnetically induced transparency," Phys. Rev. A 73, 053804 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Chen, Y.

S. A. Moiseev, Y. Chen and B. S. Ham, "Numerical Analysis of Stationary Light for Potential Applications of a Quantum Interface," J. Korean Phys. Soc. 49, 2293-2302 (2006).

Chen, Y. F.

Clark, S. M.

A. M. C. Dawes, L. Illing, S. M. Clark, and D. J. Gauthier, "All-Optical Switching in Rubidium Vapor," Science 308, 672-674 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Dawes, A. M. C.

A. M. C. Dawes, L. Illing, J. A. Greenberg, and D. J. Gauthier, "All-optical switching with transverse optical patterns," Phys. Rev. A 77, 013833 (2008).
[CrossRef]

A. M. C. Dawes, L. Illing, S. M. Clark, and D. J. Gauthier, "All-Optical Switching in Rubidium Vapor," Science 308, 672-674 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Gao, J. Y.

X. L. Song, L. Wang, Z. H. Kang, R. Z. Lin, X. Li, Y. Jiang, and J. Y. Gao, "Optical signal storage and switching between two wavelengths," Appl. Phys. Lett. 91, 071106 (2007).
[CrossRef]

J. H. Wu, J. Y. Gao, J. H. Xu, L. Silvestri, M. Artoni, G. C. La Rocca, and F. Bassani, "Ultrafast All Optical Switching via Tunable Fano Interference," Phys. Rev. Lett. 95, 057401 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Gauthier, D. J.

A. M. C. Dawes, L. Illing, J. A. Greenberg, and D. J. Gauthier, "All-optical switching with transverse optical patterns," Phys. Rev. A 77, 013833 (2008).
[CrossRef]

A. M. C. Dawes, L. Illing, S. M. Clark, and D. J. Gauthier, "All-Optical Switching in Rubidium Vapor," Science 308, 672-674 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Greenberg, J. A.

A. M. C. Dawes, L. Illing, J. A. Greenberg, and D. J. Gauthier, "All-optical switching with transverse optical patterns," Phys. Rev. A 77, 013833 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Guo, G. C.

W. Jiang, Q. Chen, Y. Zhang, and G. C. Guo, "Optical pumping-assisted electromagnetically induced transparency," Phys. Rev. A 73, 053804 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Ham, B. S.

S. A. Moiseev and B. S. Ham, "Quantum control and manipulation of Multi-Color Light fields," Optics and Spectroscopy 103, 210-218 (2007).
[CrossRef]

S. A. Moiseev, Y. Chen and B. S. Ham, "Numerical Analysis of Stationary Light for Potential Applications of a Quantum Interface," J. Korean Phys. Soc. 49, 2293-2302 (2006).

Harris, S. E.

D. A. Braje, V. Balic, G. Y. Yin, and S. E. Harris, "Low-light-level nonlinear optics with slow light," Phys. Rev. A 68, 041801 (2003).
[CrossRef]

S. E. Harris and Y. Yamamoto, "Photon Switching by Quantum Interference," Phys. Rev. Lett. 81, 3611-3614 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Hernandez, G.

Illing, L.

A. M. C. Dawes, L. Illing, J. A. Greenberg, and D. J. Gauthier, "All-optical switching with transverse optical patterns," Phys. Rev. A 77, 013833 (2008).
[CrossRef]

A. M. C. Dawes, L. Illing, S. M. Clark, and D. J. Gauthier, "All-Optical Switching in Rubidium Vapor," Science 308, 672-674 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Jiang, W.

W. Jiang, Q. Chen, Y. Zhang, and G. C. Guo, "Optical pumping-assisted electromagnetically induced transparency," Phys. Rev. A 73, 053804 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Jiang, Y.

X. L. Song, L. Wang, Z. H. Kang, R. Z. Lin, X. Li, Y. Jiang, and J. Y. Gao, "Optical signal storage and switching between two wavelengths," Appl. Phys. Lett. 91, 071106 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Kang, Z. H.

X. L. Song, L. Wang, Z. H. Kang, R. Z. Lin, X. Li, Y. Jiang, and J. Y. Gao, "Optical signal storage and switching between two wavelengths," Appl. Phys. Lett. 91, 071106 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Kuan, P. C.

La Rocca, G. C.

J. H. Wu, J. Y. Gao, J. H. Xu, L. Silvestri, M. Artoni, G. C. La Rocca, and F. Bassani, "Ultrafast All Optical Switching via Tunable Fano Interference," Phys. Rev. Lett. 95, 057401 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Lee, Y. G.

W. H. Lin,W. T. Liao, C. Y. Wang, Y. G. Lee, and I. A. Yu, "Low-light-level all-optical switching based on stored light pulses," Phys. Rev. A 78, 033807 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Li, X.

X. L. Song, L. Wang, Z. H. Kang, R. Z. Lin, X. Li, Y. Jiang, and J. Y. Gao, "Optical signal storage and switching between two wavelengths," Appl. Phys. Lett. 91, 071106 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Li, Y.

Liao, W. T.

W. H. Lin,W. T. Liao, C. Y. Wang, Y. G. Lee, and I. A. Yu, "Low-light-level all-optical switching based on stored light pulses," Phys. Rev. A 78, 033807 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Lin, R. Z.

X. L. Song, L. Wang, Z. H. Kang, R. Z. Lin, X. Li, Y. Jiang, and J. Y. Gao, "Optical signal storage and switching between two wavelengths," Appl. Phys. Lett. 91, 071106 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Lin, S. C.

Lin, W. H.

W. H. Lin,W. T. Liao, C. Y. Wang, Y. G. Lee, and I. A. Yu, "Low-light-level all-optical switching based on stored light pulses," Phys. Rev. A 78, 033807 (2008).
[CrossRef]

C. Y. Wang, Y. F. Chen, S. C. Lin, W. H. Lin, P. C. Kuan, and I. A. Yu, "Low-light-level all-optical switching," Opt. Lett. 31, 2350-2352 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Liu, Y. C.

Moiseev, S. A.

S. A. Moiseev and B. S. Ham, "Quantum control and manipulation of Multi-Color Light fields," Optics and Spectroscopy 103, 210-218 (2007).
[CrossRef]

S. A. Moiseev, Y. Chen and B. S. Ham, "Numerical Analysis of Stationary Light for Potential Applications of a Quantum Interface," J. Korean Phys. Soc. 49, 2293-2302 (2006).

Rickey, E. G.

M. Yan, E. G. Rickey, and Y. F. Zhu, "Observation of absorptive photon switching by quantum interference," Phys. Rev. A 64, 041801 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Rostovtsev, Y. V.

Sautenkov, V. A.

Scully, M. O.

Silvestri, L.

J. H. Wu, J. Y. Gao, J. H. Xu, L. Silvestri, M. Artoni, G. C. La Rocca, and F. Bassani, "Ultrafast All Optical Switching via Tunable Fano Interference," Phys. Rev. Lett. 95, 057401 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Song, X. L.

X. L. Song, L. Wang, Z. H. Kang, R. Z. Lin, X. Li, Y. Jiang, and J. Y. Gao, "Optical signal storage and switching between two wavelengths," Appl. Phys. Lett. 91, 071106 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Tsai, Z. H.

Wang, C. Y.

W. H. Lin,W. T. Liao, C. Y. Wang, Y. G. Lee, and I. A. Yu, "Low-light-level all-optical switching based on stored light pulses," Phys. Rev. A 78, 033807 (2008).
[CrossRef]

C. Y. Wang, Y. F. Chen, S. C. Lin, W. H. Lin, P. C. Kuan, and I. A. Yu, "Low-light-level all-optical switching," Opt. Lett. 31, 2350-2352 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Wang, L.

X. L. Song, L. Wang, Z. H. Kang, R. Z. Lin, X. Li, Y. Jiang, and J. Y. Gao, "Optical signal storage and switching between two wavelengths," Appl. Phys. Lett. 91, 071106 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Wu, J. H.

J. H. Wu, J. Y. Gao, J. H. Xu, L. Silvestri, M. Artoni, G. C. La Rocca, and F. Bassani, "Ultrafast All Optical Switching via Tunable Fano Interference," Phys. Rev. Lett. 95, 057401 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Xiao, M.

Xu, J. H.

J. H. Wu, J. Y. Gao, J. H. Xu, L. Silvestri, M. Artoni, G. C. La Rocca, and F. Bassani, "Ultrafast All Optical Switching via Tunable Fano Interference," Phys. Rev. Lett. 95, 057401 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Yamamoto, Y.

S. E. Harris and Y. Yamamoto, "Photon Switching by Quantum Interference," Phys. Rev. Lett. 81, 3611-3614 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Yan, M.

M. Yan, E. G. Rickey, and Y. F. Zhu, "Observation of absorptive photon switching by quantum interference," Phys. Rev. A 64, 041801 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Ye, C. Y.

Yin, G. Y.

D. A. Braje, V. Balic, G. Y. Yin, and S. E. Harris, "Low-light-level nonlinear optics with slow light," Phys. Rev. A 68, 041801 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Yu, I. A.

Zhang, J. P.

Zhang, Y.

W. Jiang, Q. Chen, Y. Zhang, and G. C. Guo, "Optical pumping-assisted electromagnetically induced transparency," Phys. Rev. A 73, 053804 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Zhu, Y. F.

J. P. Zhang, G. Hernandez, and Y. F. Zhu, "All-optical switching at ultralow light levels," Opt. Lett. 32, 1317-1319 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

M. Yan, E. G. Rickey, and Y. F. Zhu, "Observation of absorptive photon switching by quantum interference," Phys. Rev. A 64, 041801 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Appl. Phys. Lett. (1)

X. L. Song, L. Wang, Z. H. Kang, R. Z. Lin, X. Li, Y. Jiang, and J. Y. Gao, "Optical signal storage and switching between two wavelengths," Appl. Phys. Lett. 91, 071106 (2007).
[CrossRef]

J. Korean Phys. Soc. (1)

S. A. Moiseev, Y. Chen and B. S. Ham, "Numerical Analysis of Stationary Light for Potential Applications of a Quantum Interface," J. Korean Phys. Soc. 49, 2293-2302 (2006).

Opt. Lett. (6)

Optics and Spectroscopy (1)

S. A. Moiseev and B. S. Ham, "Quantum control and manipulation of Multi-Color Light fields," Optics and Spectroscopy 103, 210-218 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Phys. Rev. A (5)

W. Jiang, Q. Chen, Y. Zhang, and G. C. Guo, "Optical pumping-assisted electromagnetically induced transparency," Phys. Rev. A 73, 053804 (2006).
[CrossRef]

W. H. Lin,W. T. Liao, C. Y. Wang, Y. G. Lee, and I. A. Yu, "Low-light-level all-optical switching based on stored light pulses," Phys. Rev. A 78, 033807 (2008).
[CrossRef]

D. A. Braje, V. Balic, G. Y. Yin, and S. E. Harris, "Low-light-level nonlinear optics with slow light," Phys. Rev. A 68, 041801 (2003).
[CrossRef]

M. Yan, E. G. Rickey, and Y. F. Zhu, "Observation of absorptive photon switching by quantum interference," Phys. Rev. A 64, 041801 (2001).
[CrossRef]

A. M. C. Dawes, L. Illing, J. A. Greenberg, and D. J. Gauthier, "All-optical switching with transverse optical patterns," Phys. Rev. A 77, 013833 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Phys. Rev. Lett. (2)

S. E. Harris and Y. Yamamoto, "Photon Switching by Quantum Interference," Phys. Rev. Lett. 81, 3611-3614 (1998).
[CrossRef]

J. H. Wu, J. Y. Gao, J. H. Xu, L. Silvestri, M. Artoni, G. C. La Rocca, and F. Bassani, "Ultrafast All Optical Switching via Tunable Fano Interference," Phys. Rev. Lett. 95, 057401 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Science (1)

A. M. C. Dawes, L. Illing, S. M. Clark, and D. J. Gauthier, "All-Optical Switching in Rubidium Vapor," Science 308, 672-674 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Other (3)

T. S. El-Bawab, Optical Switching (Springer, 2006).
[CrossRef]

G. Wang, College of Physics, Jilin University, Changchun 130023, P. R. China, Y. Xue, J. H.Wu, Z. H. Kang, Y. Jiang, S. S. Liu, and J. Y. Gao are preparing a manuscript to be called "Efficient frequency conversion induced by quantum constructive interference."

S. A. Moiseev and B. S. Ham "Generation and Manipulation of Multi-Color Stationary Light Field Using electromagnetically induced transparency," E-print arXiv: quant-ph/0606243, http://arxiv.org/abs/quant-ph/0606243

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Figures (4)

Fig. 1.
Fig. 1.

(Color online) Diagrams of the four-level double-L system of 85 Rb and 87 Rb atom for strong nonlinear interactions. The two laser fields Ω1 and Ω2 drive the transitions in 85 Rb and 87 Rb atom as shown. When the probe field Ω p (or Ω′ p ) is applied to the transition in 87 Rb (or 85 Rb) atom and two-photon resonance is formed in lower-L configuration, a FWM signal Ω f (or Ω′ f ) is observed at the end of the vapor cell.

Fig. 2.
Fig. 2.

(Color online) Simplified diagram of the experimental setup. Ti:sapphire: Ti:sapphire ring laser; ECDL: external cavity diode laser; BS: beam splitter; λ/2: half-wave plate; PBS: polarization beam splitter; D1&D2: photodiode.

Fig. 3.
Fig. 3.

(Color online) The output FWM signal spectra of 87 Rb atom (red square) and 85 Rb atom (black circle) versus the pump detuning δ 2. The red and black solid curves are the guideline for the measured data. The points A, B, C, and D demonstrate the four statuses of this proposed optical switching, which are marked by the dash lines at different pump detuning.

Fig. 4.
Fig. 4.

(Color Online) The output FWM signal spectra of 85 Rb atom and 87 Rb atom versus the probe detuning 1. These FWMsignals (from upper to lower) denote the four switching statuses corresponding to the marked point A, B, C, and D in Fig. 3.

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