Abstract

We demonstrate second harmonic generation in photonic crystal nanocavities fabricated in the semiconductor gallium phosphide. We observe second harmonic radiation at 750 nm with input powers of only nanowatts coupled to the cavity and conversion effciency Pout/P2in,coupled=430%/W. The large electronic band gap of GaP minimizes absorption loss, allowing effcient conversion. Our results are promising for integrated, low-power light sources and on-chip reduction of input power in other nonlinear processes.

© 2009 Optical Society of America

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  1. O. Levi, T. J. Pinguet, T. Skauli, L. A. Eyres, K. R. Parameswaran, J. J. S. Harris, M. M. Fejer, T. J. Kulp, S. E. Bisson, B. Gerard, E. Lallier, and L. Becouarn, "Difference frequency generation of 8-μm radiation in orientation-patterned GaAs," Opt. Lett. 27, 2091-2093 (2002).
    [CrossRef]
  2. P. S. Kuo, K. L. Vodopyanov, M. M. Fejer, D. M. Simanovskii, X. Yu, J. S. Harris, D. Bliss, and D. Weyburne, "Optical parametric generation of a mid-infrared continuum in orientation-patterned GaAs," Opt. Lett. 31, 71-73 (2006).
    [CrossRef]
  3. K. L. Vodopyanov, M. M. Fejer, X. Yu, J. S. Harris, Y.-S. Lee, W. C. Hurlbut, V. G. Kozlov, D. Bliss, and C. Lynch, "Terahertz-wave generation in quasi-phase-matched GaAs," Appl. Phys. Lett. 89, 141119 (2006).
    [CrossRef]
  4. I. Shoji, T. Kondo, A. Kitamoto, M. Shirane, and R. Ito, "Absolute scale of second-order nonlinear-optical coefficients," J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 14, 2268-2294 (1997).
    [CrossRef]
  5. L. A. Eyres, P. J. Tourreau, T. J. Pinguet, C. B. Ebert, J. S. Harris, M. M. Fejer, L. Becouarn, B. Gerard, and E. Lallier, "All-epitaxial fabrication of thick, orientation-patterned GaAs films for nonlinear optical frequency conversion," Appl. Phys. Lett. 79, 904-906 (2001).
    [CrossRef]
  6. L. Scaccabarozzi, M. M. Fejer, Y. Huo, S. Fan, X. Yu, and J. S. Harris, "Enhanced second-harmonic generation in AlGaAs/AlxOy tightly confining waveguides and resonant cavities," Opt. Lett. 31, 3626-3628 (2006).
    [CrossRef]
  7. Z. Yang, P. Chak, A. D. Bristow, H. M. van Driel, R. Iyer, J. S. Aitchison, A. L. Smirl, and J. E. Sipe, "Enhanced second-harmonic generation in AlGaAs microring resonators," Opt. Lett. 32, 826-828 (2007).
    [CrossRef]
  8. M. Liscidini, A. Locatelli, L.C. Andreani, C. De Angelis, "Maximum-Exponent Scaling Behavior of Optical Second-Harmonic Generation in Finite Multilayer Photonic Crystals," Phys. Rev. Lett. 99, 053907 (2007).
    [CrossRef]
  9. W. J. Kozlovsky, C. Nabors, and R. L. Byer, "Effcient second harmonic generation of a diode-laser-pumped CW Nd : YAG laser using monolithic MgO : LiNbO3 external resonant cavities," IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 28, 2631-2654 (1988).
  10. A. Rodriguez, M. Soljacic, J. D. Joannopoulos, and S. G. Johnson, "χ (2) and χ (3) harmonic generation at a critical power in inhomogeneous doubly resonant cavities," Opt. Express 15, 7303-7318 (2007).
    [CrossRef]
  11. A. Hayat and M. Orenstein, "Photon conversion processes in dispersive microcavities: Quantum-field model," Phys. Rev. A 77, 013830 (2008).
    [CrossRef]
  12. M. Liscidini and L. C. Andreani, "Highly effcient second-harmonic generation in doubly resonant planar microcavities," Appl. Phys. Lett. 85, 1883-1885 (2004).
    [CrossRef]
  13. T. Carmon and K. Vahala, "Visible continuous emission from a silica microphotonic device by third-harmonic generation," Nat. Phys. 3, 430-435 (2007).
    [CrossRef]
  14. M. W. McCutcheon, J. F. Young, G. W. Rieger, D. Dalacu, S. Frédérick, P. J. Poole, and R. L. Williams, "Experimental demonstration of second-order processes in photonic crystal microcavities at submilliwatt excitation powers," Phys. Rev. B 76, 245104 (2007).
    [CrossRef]
  15. B. Corcoran, C. Monat, C. Grillet, D. Moss, B. Eggleton, T. White, L. O'Faolain, and T. Krauss, "Green light emission in silicon through slow-light enhanced third-harmonic generation in photonic-crystal waveguides," Nat. Photon. 3, 206-210 (2009).
    [CrossRef]
  16. Y. Akahane, T. Asano, B. Song, and S. Noda, "High-Q photonic nanocavity in a two-dimensional photonic crystal," Nature 425, 944-947 (2003).
    [CrossRef]
  17. Y. Zhang, M. W. McCutcheon, I. B. Burgess, and M. Loncar, "Ultra-high-Q TE/TM dual-polarized photonic crystal nanocavities," Opt. Lett. 34, 2694-2696 (2009).
    [CrossRef]
  18. K. Rivoire, A. Faraon, and J. Vučković, "Gallium phosphide photonic crystal nanocavities in the visible," Appl. Phys. Lett. 93, 063103 (2008).
    [CrossRef]
  19. M. Toishi, D. Englund, A. Faraon, and J. Vučković, "High-brightness single photon source from a quantum dot in a directional-emission nanocavity," Opt. Express 17, 14618-14626 (2009).
    [CrossRef]
  20. A. Faraon, E. Waks, D. Englund, I. Fushman, and J. Vučković, "Effcient photonic crystal cavity-waveguide couplers," Appl. Phys. Lett. 90, 073102 (2007).
    [CrossRef]

2009 (3)

B. Corcoran, C. Monat, C. Grillet, D. Moss, B. Eggleton, T. White, L. O'Faolain, and T. Krauss, "Green light emission in silicon through slow-light enhanced third-harmonic generation in photonic-crystal waveguides," Nat. Photon. 3, 206-210 (2009).
[CrossRef]

M. Toishi, D. Englund, A. Faraon, and J. Vučković, "High-brightness single photon source from a quantum dot in a directional-emission nanocavity," Opt. Express 17, 14618-14626 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Y. Zhang, M. W. McCutcheon, I. B. Burgess, and M. Loncar, "Ultra-high-Q TE/TM dual-polarized photonic crystal nanocavities," Opt. Lett. 34, 2694-2696 (2009).
[CrossRef]

2008 (2)

K. Rivoire, A. Faraon, and J. Vučković, "Gallium phosphide photonic crystal nanocavities in the visible," Appl. Phys. Lett. 93, 063103 (2008).
[CrossRef]

A. Hayat and M. Orenstein, "Photon conversion processes in dispersive microcavities: Quantum-field model," Phys. Rev. A 77, 013830 (2008).
[CrossRef]

2007 (6)

T. Carmon and K. Vahala, "Visible continuous emission from a silica microphotonic device by third-harmonic generation," Nat. Phys. 3, 430-435 (2007).
[CrossRef]

M. W. McCutcheon, J. F. Young, G. W. Rieger, D. Dalacu, S. Frédérick, P. J. Poole, and R. L. Williams, "Experimental demonstration of second-order processes in photonic crystal microcavities at submilliwatt excitation powers," Phys. Rev. B 76, 245104 (2007).
[CrossRef]

M. Liscidini, A. Locatelli, L.C. Andreani, C. De Angelis, "Maximum-Exponent Scaling Behavior of Optical Second-Harmonic Generation in Finite Multilayer Photonic Crystals," Phys. Rev. Lett. 99, 053907 (2007).
[CrossRef]

A. Faraon, E. Waks, D. Englund, I. Fushman, and J. Vučković, "Effcient photonic crystal cavity-waveguide couplers," Appl. Phys. Lett. 90, 073102 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Z. Yang, P. Chak, A. D. Bristow, H. M. van Driel, R. Iyer, J. S. Aitchison, A. L. Smirl, and J. E. Sipe, "Enhanced second-harmonic generation in AlGaAs microring resonators," Opt. Lett. 32, 826-828 (2007).
[CrossRef]

A. Rodriguez, M. Soljacic, J. D. Joannopoulos, and S. G. Johnson, "χ (2) and χ (3) harmonic generation at a critical power in inhomogeneous doubly resonant cavities," Opt. Express 15, 7303-7318 (2007).
[CrossRef]

2006 (3)

2004 (1)

M. Liscidini and L. C. Andreani, "Highly effcient second-harmonic generation in doubly resonant planar microcavities," Appl. Phys. Lett. 85, 1883-1885 (2004).
[CrossRef]

2003 (1)

Y. Akahane, T. Asano, B. Song, and S. Noda, "High-Q photonic nanocavity in a two-dimensional photonic crystal," Nature 425, 944-947 (2003).
[CrossRef]

2002 (1)

2001 (1)

L. A. Eyres, P. J. Tourreau, T. J. Pinguet, C. B. Ebert, J. S. Harris, M. M. Fejer, L. Becouarn, B. Gerard, and E. Lallier, "All-epitaxial fabrication of thick, orientation-patterned GaAs films for nonlinear optical frequency conversion," Appl. Phys. Lett. 79, 904-906 (2001).
[CrossRef]

1997 (1)

1988 (1)

W. J. Kozlovsky, C. Nabors, and R. L. Byer, "Effcient second harmonic generation of a diode-laser-pumped CW Nd : YAG laser using monolithic MgO : LiNbO3 external resonant cavities," IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 28, 2631-2654 (1988).

Aitchison, J. S.

Akahane, Y.

Y. Akahane, T. Asano, B. Song, and S. Noda, "High-Q photonic nanocavity in a two-dimensional photonic crystal," Nature 425, 944-947 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Andreani, L. C.

M. Liscidini and L. C. Andreani, "Highly effcient second-harmonic generation in doubly resonant planar microcavities," Appl. Phys. Lett. 85, 1883-1885 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Andreani, L.C.

M. Liscidini, A. Locatelli, L.C. Andreani, C. De Angelis, "Maximum-Exponent Scaling Behavior of Optical Second-Harmonic Generation in Finite Multilayer Photonic Crystals," Phys. Rev. Lett. 99, 053907 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Asano, T.

Y. Akahane, T. Asano, B. Song, and S. Noda, "High-Q photonic nanocavity in a two-dimensional photonic crystal," Nature 425, 944-947 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Becouarn, L.

O. Levi, T. J. Pinguet, T. Skauli, L. A. Eyres, K. R. Parameswaran, J. J. S. Harris, M. M. Fejer, T. J. Kulp, S. E. Bisson, B. Gerard, E. Lallier, and L. Becouarn, "Difference frequency generation of 8-μm radiation in orientation-patterned GaAs," Opt. Lett. 27, 2091-2093 (2002).
[CrossRef]

L. A. Eyres, P. J. Tourreau, T. J. Pinguet, C. B. Ebert, J. S. Harris, M. M. Fejer, L. Becouarn, B. Gerard, and E. Lallier, "All-epitaxial fabrication of thick, orientation-patterned GaAs films for nonlinear optical frequency conversion," Appl. Phys. Lett. 79, 904-906 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Bisson, S. E.

Bliss, D.

P. S. Kuo, K. L. Vodopyanov, M. M. Fejer, D. M. Simanovskii, X. Yu, J. S. Harris, D. Bliss, and D. Weyburne, "Optical parametric generation of a mid-infrared continuum in orientation-patterned GaAs," Opt. Lett. 31, 71-73 (2006).
[CrossRef]

K. L. Vodopyanov, M. M. Fejer, X. Yu, J. S. Harris, Y.-S. Lee, W. C. Hurlbut, V. G. Kozlov, D. Bliss, and C. Lynch, "Terahertz-wave generation in quasi-phase-matched GaAs," Appl. Phys. Lett. 89, 141119 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Bristow, A. D.

Burgess, I. B.

Byer, R. L.

W. J. Kozlovsky, C. Nabors, and R. L. Byer, "Effcient second harmonic generation of a diode-laser-pumped CW Nd : YAG laser using monolithic MgO : LiNbO3 external resonant cavities," IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 28, 2631-2654 (1988).

Carmon, T.

T. Carmon and K. Vahala, "Visible continuous emission from a silica microphotonic device by third-harmonic generation," Nat. Phys. 3, 430-435 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Chak, P.

Corcoran, B.

B. Corcoran, C. Monat, C. Grillet, D. Moss, B. Eggleton, T. White, L. O'Faolain, and T. Krauss, "Green light emission in silicon through slow-light enhanced third-harmonic generation in photonic-crystal waveguides," Nat. Photon. 3, 206-210 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Dalacu, D.

M. W. McCutcheon, J. F. Young, G. W. Rieger, D. Dalacu, S. Frédérick, P. J. Poole, and R. L. Williams, "Experimental demonstration of second-order processes in photonic crystal microcavities at submilliwatt excitation powers," Phys. Rev. B 76, 245104 (2007).
[CrossRef]

De Angelis, C.

M. Liscidini, A. Locatelli, L.C. Andreani, C. De Angelis, "Maximum-Exponent Scaling Behavior of Optical Second-Harmonic Generation in Finite Multilayer Photonic Crystals," Phys. Rev. Lett. 99, 053907 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Ebert, C. B.

L. A. Eyres, P. J. Tourreau, T. J. Pinguet, C. B. Ebert, J. S. Harris, M. M. Fejer, L. Becouarn, B. Gerard, and E. Lallier, "All-epitaxial fabrication of thick, orientation-patterned GaAs films for nonlinear optical frequency conversion," Appl. Phys. Lett. 79, 904-906 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Eggleton, B.

B. Corcoran, C. Monat, C. Grillet, D. Moss, B. Eggleton, T. White, L. O'Faolain, and T. Krauss, "Green light emission in silicon through slow-light enhanced third-harmonic generation in photonic-crystal waveguides," Nat. Photon. 3, 206-210 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Englund, D.

M. Toishi, D. Englund, A. Faraon, and J. Vučković, "High-brightness single photon source from a quantum dot in a directional-emission nanocavity," Opt. Express 17, 14618-14626 (2009).
[CrossRef]

A. Faraon, E. Waks, D. Englund, I. Fushman, and J. Vučković, "Effcient photonic crystal cavity-waveguide couplers," Appl. Phys. Lett. 90, 073102 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Eyres, L. A.

O. Levi, T. J. Pinguet, T. Skauli, L. A. Eyres, K. R. Parameswaran, J. J. S. Harris, M. M. Fejer, T. J. Kulp, S. E. Bisson, B. Gerard, E. Lallier, and L. Becouarn, "Difference frequency generation of 8-μm radiation in orientation-patterned GaAs," Opt. Lett. 27, 2091-2093 (2002).
[CrossRef]

L. A. Eyres, P. J. Tourreau, T. J. Pinguet, C. B. Ebert, J. S. Harris, M. M. Fejer, L. Becouarn, B. Gerard, and E. Lallier, "All-epitaxial fabrication of thick, orientation-patterned GaAs films for nonlinear optical frequency conversion," Appl. Phys. Lett. 79, 904-906 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Fan, S.

Faraon, A.

M. Toishi, D. Englund, A. Faraon, and J. Vučković, "High-brightness single photon source from a quantum dot in a directional-emission nanocavity," Opt. Express 17, 14618-14626 (2009).
[CrossRef]

K. Rivoire, A. Faraon, and J. Vučković, "Gallium phosphide photonic crystal nanocavities in the visible," Appl. Phys. Lett. 93, 063103 (2008).
[CrossRef]

A. Faraon, E. Waks, D. Englund, I. Fushman, and J. Vučković, "Effcient photonic crystal cavity-waveguide couplers," Appl. Phys. Lett. 90, 073102 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Fejer, M. M.

Frédérick, S.

M. W. McCutcheon, J. F. Young, G. W. Rieger, D. Dalacu, S. Frédérick, P. J. Poole, and R. L. Williams, "Experimental demonstration of second-order processes in photonic crystal microcavities at submilliwatt excitation powers," Phys. Rev. B 76, 245104 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Fushman, I.

A. Faraon, E. Waks, D. Englund, I. Fushman, and J. Vučković, "Effcient photonic crystal cavity-waveguide couplers," Appl. Phys. Lett. 90, 073102 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Gerard, B.

O. Levi, T. J. Pinguet, T. Skauli, L. A. Eyres, K. R. Parameswaran, J. J. S. Harris, M. M. Fejer, T. J. Kulp, S. E. Bisson, B. Gerard, E. Lallier, and L. Becouarn, "Difference frequency generation of 8-μm radiation in orientation-patterned GaAs," Opt. Lett. 27, 2091-2093 (2002).
[CrossRef]

L. A. Eyres, P. J. Tourreau, T. J. Pinguet, C. B. Ebert, J. S. Harris, M. M. Fejer, L. Becouarn, B. Gerard, and E. Lallier, "All-epitaxial fabrication of thick, orientation-patterned GaAs films for nonlinear optical frequency conversion," Appl. Phys. Lett. 79, 904-906 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Grillet, C.

B. Corcoran, C. Monat, C. Grillet, D. Moss, B. Eggleton, T. White, L. O'Faolain, and T. Krauss, "Green light emission in silicon through slow-light enhanced third-harmonic generation in photonic-crystal waveguides," Nat. Photon. 3, 206-210 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Harris, J. J. S.

Harris, J. S.

P. S. Kuo, K. L. Vodopyanov, M. M. Fejer, D. M. Simanovskii, X. Yu, J. S. Harris, D. Bliss, and D. Weyburne, "Optical parametric generation of a mid-infrared continuum in orientation-patterned GaAs," Opt. Lett. 31, 71-73 (2006).
[CrossRef]

K. L. Vodopyanov, M. M. Fejer, X. Yu, J. S. Harris, Y.-S. Lee, W. C. Hurlbut, V. G. Kozlov, D. Bliss, and C. Lynch, "Terahertz-wave generation in quasi-phase-matched GaAs," Appl. Phys. Lett. 89, 141119 (2006).
[CrossRef]

L. Scaccabarozzi, M. M. Fejer, Y. Huo, S. Fan, X. Yu, and J. S. Harris, "Enhanced second-harmonic generation in AlGaAs/AlxOy tightly confining waveguides and resonant cavities," Opt. Lett. 31, 3626-3628 (2006).
[CrossRef]

L. A. Eyres, P. J. Tourreau, T. J. Pinguet, C. B. Ebert, J. S. Harris, M. M. Fejer, L. Becouarn, B. Gerard, and E. Lallier, "All-epitaxial fabrication of thick, orientation-patterned GaAs films for nonlinear optical frequency conversion," Appl. Phys. Lett. 79, 904-906 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Hayat, A.

A. Hayat and M. Orenstein, "Photon conversion processes in dispersive microcavities: Quantum-field model," Phys. Rev. A 77, 013830 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Huo, Y.

Hurlbut, W. C.

K. L. Vodopyanov, M. M. Fejer, X. Yu, J. S. Harris, Y.-S. Lee, W. C. Hurlbut, V. G. Kozlov, D. Bliss, and C. Lynch, "Terahertz-wave generation in quasi-phase-matched GaAs," Appl. Phys. Lett. 89, 141119 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Ito, R.

Iyer, R.

Joannopoulos, J. D.

Johnson, S. G.

Kitamoto, A.

Kondo, T.

Kozlov, V. G.

K. L. Vodopyanov, M. M. Fejer, X. Yu, J. S. Harris, Y.-S. Lee, W. C. Hurlbut, V. G. Kozlov, D. Bliss, and C. Lynch, "Terahertz-wave generation in quasi-phase-matched GaAs," Appl. Phys. Lett. 89, 141119 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Kozlovsky, W. J.

W. J. Kozlovsky, C. Nabors, and R. L. Byer, "Effcient second harmonic generation of a diode-laser-pumped CW Nd : YAG laser using monolithic MgO : LiNbO3 external resonant cavities," IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 28, 2631-2654 (1988).

Krauss, T.

B. Corcoran, C. Monat, C. Grillet, D. Moss, B. Eggleton, T. White, L. O'Faolain, and T. Krauss, "Green light emission in silicon through slow-light enhanced third-harmonic generation in photonic-crystal waveguides," Nat. Photon. 3, 206-210 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Kulp, T. J.

Kuo, P. S.

Lallier, E.

O. Levi, T. J. Pinguet, T. Skauli, L. A. Eyres, K. R. Parameswaran, J. J. S. Harris, M. M. Fejer, T. J. Kulp, S. E. Bisson, B. Gerard, E. Lallier, and L. Becouarn, "Difference frequency generation of 8-μm radiation in orientation-patterned GaAs," Opt. Lett. 27, 2091-2093 (2002).
[CrossRef]

L. A. Eyres, P. J. Tourreau, T. J. Pinguet, C. B. Ebert, J. S. Harris, M. M. Fejer, L. Becouarn, B. Gerard, and E. Lallier, "All-epitaxial fabrication of thick, orientation-patterned GaAs films for nonlinear optical frequency conversion," Appl. Phys. Lett. 79, 904-906 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Lee, Y.-S.

K. L. Vodopyanov, M. M. Fejer, X. Yu, J. S. Harris, Y.-S. Lee, W. C. Hurlbut, V. G. Kozlov, D. Bliss, and C. Lynch, "Terahertz-wave generation in quasi-phase-matched GaAs," Appl. Phys. Lett. 89, 141119 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Levi, O.

Liscidini, M.

M. Liscidini, A. Locatelli, L.C. Andreani, C. De Angelis, "Maximum-Exponent Scaling Behavior of Optical Second-Harmonic Generation in Finite Multilayer Photonic Crystals," Phys. Rev. Lett. 99, 053907 (2007).
[CrossRef]

M. Liscidini and L. C. Andreani, "Highly effcient second-harmonic generation in doubly resonant planar microcavities," Appl. Phys. Lett. 85, 1883-1885 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Locatelli, A.

M. Liscidini, A. Locatelli, L.C. Andreani, C. De Angelis, "Maximum-Exponent Scaling Behavior of Optical Second-Harmonic Generation in Finite Multilayer Photonic Crystals," Phys. Rev. Lett. 99, 053907 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Loncar, M.

Lynch, C.

K. L. Vodopyanov, M. M. Fejer, X. Yu, J. S. Harris, Y.-S. Lee, W. C. Hurlbut, V. G. Kozlov, D. Bliss, and C. Lynch, "Terahertz-wave generation in quasi-phase-matched GaAs," Appl. Phys. Lett. 89, 141119 (2006).
[CrossRef]

McCutcheon, M. W.

Y. Zhang, M. W. McCutcheon, I. B. Burgess, and M. Loncar, "Ultra-high-Q TE/TM dual-polarized photonic crystal nanocavities," Opt. Lett. 34, 2694-2696 (2009).
[CrossRef]

M. W. McCutcheon, J. F. Young, G. W. Rieger, D. Dalacu, S. Frédérick, P. J. Poole, and R. L. Williams, "Experimental demonstration of second-order processes in photonic crystal microcavities at submilliwatt excitation powers," Phys. Rev. B 76, 245104 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Monat, C.

B. Corcoran, C. Monat, C. Grillet, D. Moss, B. Eggleton, T. White, L. O'Faolain, and T. Krauss, "Green light emission in silicon through slow-light enhanced third-harmonic generation in photonic-crystal waveguides," Nat. Photon. 3, 206-210 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Moss, D.

B. Corcoran, C. Monat, C. Grillet, D. Moss, B. Eggleton, T. White, L. O'Faolain, and T. Krauss, "Green light emission in silicon through slow-light enhanced third-harmonic generation in photonic-crystal waveguides," Nat. Photon. 3, 206-210 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Nabors, C.

W. J. Kozlovsky, C. Nabors, and R. L. Byer, "Effcient second harmonic generation of a diode-laser-pumped CW Nd : YAG laser using monolithic MgO : LiNbO3 external resonant cavities," IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 28, 2631-2654 (1988).

Noda, S.

Y. Akahane, T. Asano, B. Song, and S. Noda, "High-Q photonic nanocavity in a two-dimensional photonic crystal," Nature 425, 944-947 (2003).
[CrossRef]

O'Faolain, L.

B. Corcoran, C. Monat, C. Grillet, D. Moss, B. Eggleton, T. White, L. O'Faolain, and T. Krauss, "Green light emission in silicon through slow-light enhanced third-harmonic generation in photonic-crystal waveguides," Nat. Photon. 3, 206-210 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Orenstein, M.

A. Hayat and M. Orenstein, "Photon conversion processes in dispersive microcavities: Quantum-field model," Phys. Rev. A 77, 013830 (2008).
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Parameswaran, K. R.

Pinguet, T. J.

O. Levi, T. J. Pinguet, T. Skauli, L. A. Eyres, K. R. Parameswaran, J. J. S. Harris, M. M. Fejer, T. J. Kulp, S. E. Bisson, B. Gerard, E. Lallier, and L. Becouarn, "Difference frequency generation of 8-μm radiation in orientation-patterned GaAs," Opt. Lett. 27, 2091-2093 (2002).
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L. A. Eyres, P. J. Tourreau, T. J. Pinguet, C. B. Ebert, J. S. Harris, M. M. Fejer, L. Becouarn, B. Gerard, and E. Lallier, "All-epitaxial fabrication of thick, orientation-patterned GaAs films for nonlinear optical frequency conversion," Appl. Phys. Lett. 79, 904-906 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Poole, P. J.

M. W. McCutcheon, J. F. Young, G. W. Rieger, D. Dalacu, S. Frédérick, P. J. Poole, and R. L. Williams, "Experimental demonstration of second-order processes in photonic crystal microcavities at submilliwatt excitation powers," Phys. Rev. B 76, 245104 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Rieger, G. W.

M. W. McCutcheon, J. F. Young, G. W. Rieger, D. Dalacu, S. Frédérick, P. J. Poole, and R. L. Williams, "Experimental demonstration of second-order processes in photonic crystal microcavities at submilliwatt excitation powers," Phys. Rev. B 76, 245104 (2007).
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Rivoire, K.

K. Rivoire, A. Faraon, and J. Vučković, "Gallium phosphide photonic crystal nanocavities in the visible," Appl. Phys. Lett. 93, 063103 (2008).
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Rodriguez, A.

Scaccabarozzi, L.

Shirane, M.

Shoji, I.

Simanovskii, D. M.

Sipe, J. E.

Skauli, T.

Smirl, A. L.

Soljacic, M.

Song, B.

Y. Akahane, T. Asano, B. Song, and S. Noda, "High-Q photonic nanocavity in a two-dimensional photonic crystal," Nature 425, 944-947 (2003).
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Toishi, M.

Tourreau, P. J.

L. A. Eyres, P. J. Tourreau, T. J. Pinguet, C. B. Ebert, J. S. Harris, M. M. Fejer, L. Becouarn, B. Gerard, and E. Lallier, "All-epitaxial fabrication of thick, orientation-patterned GaAs films for nonlinear optical frequency conversion," Appl. Phys. Lett. 79, 904-906 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Vahala, K.

T. Carmon and K. Vahala, "Visible continuous emission from a silica microphotonic device by third-harmonic generation," Nat. Phys. 3, 430-435 (2007).
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van Driel, H. M.

Vodopyanov, K. L.

K. L. Vodopyanov, M. M. Fejer, X. Yu, J. S. Harris, Y.-S. Lee, W. C. Hurlbut, V. G. Kozlov, D. Bliss, and C. Lynch, "Terahertz-wave generation in quasi-phase-matched GaAs," Appl. Phys. Lett. 89, 141119 (2006).
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P. S. Kuo, K. L. Vodopyanov, M. M. Fejer, D. M. Simanovskii, X. Yu, J. S. Harris, D. Bliss, and D. Weyburne, "Optical parametric generation of a mid-infrared continuum in orientation-patterned GaAs," Opt. Lett. 31, 71-73 (2006).
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Vuckovic, J.

M. Toishi, D. Englund, A. Faraon, and J. Vučković, "High-brightness single photon source from a quantum dot in a directional-emission nanocavity," Opt. Express 17, 14618-14626 (2009).
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K. Rivoire, A. Faraon, and J. Vučković, "Gallium phosphide photonic crystal nanocavities in the visible," Appl. Phys. Lett. 93, 063103 (2008).
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A. Faraon, E. Waks, D. Englund, I. Fushman, and J. Vučković, "Effcient photonic crystal cavity-waveguide couplers," Appl. Phys. Lett. 90, 073102 (2007).
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Waks, E.

A. Faraon, E. Waks, D. Englund, I. Fushman, and J. Vučković, "Effcient photonic crystal cavity-waveguide couplers," Appl. Phys. Lett. 90, 073102 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Weyburne, D.

White, T.

B. Corcoran, C. Monat, C. Grillet, D. Moss, B. Eggleton, T. White, L. O'Faolain, and T. Krauss, "Green light emission in silicon through slow-light enhanced third-harmonic generation in photonic-crystal waveguides," Nat. Photon. 3, 206-210 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Williams, R. L.

M. W. McCutcheon, J. F. Young, G. W. Rieger, D. Dalacu, S. Frédérick, P. J. Poole, and R. L. Williams, "Experimental demonstration of second-order processes in photonic crystal microcavities at submilliwatt excitation powers," Phys. Rev. B 76, 245104 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Yang, Z.

Young, J. F.

M. W. McCutcheon, J. F. Young, G. W. Rieger, D. Dalacu, S. Frédérick, P. J. Poole, and R. L. Williams, "Experimental demonstration of second-order processes in photonic crystal microcavities at submilliwatt excitation powers," Phys. Rev. B 76, 245104 (2007).
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Yu, X.

Zhang, Y.

Appl. Phys. Lett. (5)

K. L. Vodopyanov, M. M. Fejer, X. Yu, J. S. Harris, Y.-S. Lee, W. C. Hurlbut, V. G. Kozlov, D. Bliss, and C. Lynch, "Terahertz-wave generation in quasi-phase-matched GaAs," Appl. Phys. Lett. 89, 141119 (2006).
[CrossRef]

L. A. Eyres, P. J. Tourreau, T. J. Pinguet, C. B. Ebert, J. S. Harris, M. M. Fejer, L. Becouarn, B. Gerard, and E. Lallier, "All-epitaxial fabrication of thick, orientation-patterned GaAs films for nonlinear optical frequency conversion," Appl. Phys. Lett. 79, 904-906 (2001).
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M. Liscidini and L. C. Andreani, "Highly effcient second-harmonic generation in doubly resonant planar microcavities," Appl. Phys. Lett. 85, 1883-1885 (2004).
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K. Rivoire, A. Faraon, and J. Vučković, "Gallium phosphide photonic crystal nanocavities in the visible," Appl. Phys. Lett. 93, 063103 (2008).
[CrossRef]

A. Faraon, E. Waks, D. Englund, I. Fushman, and J. Vučković, "Effcient photonic crystal cavity-waveguide couplers," Appl. Phys. Lett. 90, 073102 (2007).
[CrossRef]

IEEE J. Quantum Electron. (1)

W. J. Kozlovsky, C. Nabors, and R. L. Byer, "Effcient second harmonic generation of a diode-laser-pumped CW Nd : YAG laser using monolithic MgO : LiNbO3 external resonant cavities," IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 28, 2631-2654 (1988).

J. Opt. Soc. Am. B (1)

Nat. Photon. (1)

B. Corcoran, C. Monat, C. Grillet, D. Moss, B. Eggleton, T. White, L. O'Faolain, and T. Krauss, "Green light emission in silicon through slow-light enhanced third-harmonic generation in photonic-crystal waveguides," Nat. Photon. 3, 206-210 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Nat. Phys. (1)

T. Carmon and K. Vahala, "Visible continuous emission from a silica microphotonic device by third-harmonic generation," Nat. Phys. 3, 430-435 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Nature (1)

Y. Akahane, T. Asano, B. Song, and S. Noda, "High-Q photonic nanocavity in a two-dimensional photonic crystal," Nature 425, 944-947 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Opt. Express (2)

Opt. Lett. (5)

Phys. Rev. A (1)

A. Hayat and M. Orenstein, "Photon conversion processes in dispersive microcavities: Quantum-field model," Phys. Rev. A 77, 013830 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Phys. Rev. B (1)

M. W. McCutcheon, J. F. Young, G. W. Rieger, D. Dalacu, S. Frédérick, P. J. Poole, and R. L. Williams, "Experimental demonstration of second-order processes in photonic crystal microcavities at submilliwatt excitation powers," Phys. Rev. B 76, 245104 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Phys. Rev. Lett. (1)

M. Liscidini, A. Locatelli, L.C. Andreani, C. De Angelis, "Maximum-Exponent Scaling Behavior of Optical Second-Harmonic Generation in Finite Multilayer Photonic Crystals," Phys. Rev. Lett. 99, 053907 (2007).
[CrossRef]

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