Abstract

A full-duplex fiber-to-the-X (FTTX)/radio-over-fiber (ROF) transport system based on a broadband amplified spontaneous emission (ASE) light source is proposed and demonstrated for rural wide-spread villages. Combining the concepts of long-transmission transmission and ring topology, a long-haul single-mode fiber (SMF) trunk is sharing with multiple rural villages. Externally modulated baseband (BB) (1.25 Gbps) and radio-frequency (RF) (622Mbps/10GHz) signals are successfully transmitted simultaneously. Good bit error rate (BER) performance was achieved to demonstrate the practice of providing wire/wireless connections for long-haul wide-spread rural villages. Since our proposed system uses only a broadband ASE light source to achieve multi-wavelengths transmissions, it also reveals an outstanding one with simpler and more economic advantages.

© 2009 OSA

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References

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  1. H. H. Lu, W. Y. Lin, H. C. Peng, C. Y. Li, and H. S. Su, “Fiber-to-the-home integration with digital link on microwave subcarrier transport systems,” Prog. Electromagn. Res. C 7, 125–136 ( 2009).
    [Crossref]
  2. H. H. Lu, C. Y. Li, C. H. Lee, Y. C. Hsiao, and H. W. Chen, “Radio-over-Fiber Transport Systems Based on DFB LD with Main and -1 Side Modes Injection-Locked Techniques,” Prog. Electromagn. Res. Lett. 7, 25–33 ( 2009).
    [Crossref]
  3. V. M. Serdyuk, “Dielectric study of bound water in grain at radio and microwave frequencies,” Prog. Electromagn. Res. 84, 379–406 ( 2008).
    [Crossref]
  4. R. Llorente, T. Alves, M. Morant, M. Beltran, J. Perez, A. Cartaxo, and J. Marti, “Ultra-wideband radio signals distribution in FTTH nettworks,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 20(11), 945–947 ( 2008).
    [Crossref]
  5. C. T. Lin, J. Chen, P. C. Peng, C. F. Peng, W. R. Peng, B. S. Chiou, and S. Chi, “Hybrid optical access network integrating fiber-to-the-home and radio-over-fiber systems,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 19(8), 610–612 ( 2007).
    [Crossref]
  6. K.-I. Kitayama, T. Kuri, H. Toda, and J. J. V. Olmos, “Radio over fiber: DWDM analog/digital access network and its enabling technologies,” in Proceedings of Lasers and Electro-Optics Society (LEOS), (Lake Buena Vista, Florida, 2007), pp.794–795.
  7. ITU-T Recommendation G.984.1, “Gigabit-capable Passive Optical Networks (GPON): General characteristics,”
  8. J. Li and G. Shen, “Cost Minimization Planning for Greenfield Passive Optical Networks,” IEEE/OSA J. Opt. Commun. Netw. 1(1), 17–29 ( 2009).
    [Crossref]
  9. H. Kim, S. Kim, S. Hwang, and Y. Oh, “Impact of dispersion, PMD, and PDL on the performance of spectrum-sliced incoherent light sources using gain-saturated semiconductor optical amplifiers,” J. Lightwave Technol. 24(2), 775–785 ( 2006).
    [Crossref]
  10. H. D. Kim, S. G. Kang, and C. H. Lee, “A low-cost WDM source with an ASE injected Fabry-Perot semiconductor laser,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 12(8), 1067–1069 ( 2000).
    [Crossref]
  11. J. S. Lee, Y. C. Chung, and D. J. DiGiovanni, “Spectrum-sliced fiber amplifier light source for multichannel WDM applications,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 5(12), 1458–1461 ( 1993).
    [Crossref]

2009 (3)

H. H. Lu, W. Y. Lin, H. C. Peng, C. Y. Li, and H. S. Su, “Fiber-to-the-home integration with digital link on microwave subcarrier transport systems,” Prog. Electromagn. Res. C 7, 125–136 ( 2009).
[Crossref]

H. H. Lu, C. Y. Li, C. H. Lee, Y. C. Hsiao, and H. W. Chen, “Radio-over-Fiber Transport Systems Based on DFB LD with Main and -1 Side Modes Injection-Locked Techniques,” Prog. Electromagn. Res. Lett. 7, 25–33 ( 2009).
[Crossref]

J. Li and G. Shen, “Cost Minimization Planning for Greenfield Passive Optical Networks,” IEEE/OSA J. Opt. Commun. Netw. 1(1), 17–29 ( 2009).
[Crossref]

2008 (2)

V. M. Serdyuk, “Dielectric study of bound water in grain at radio and microwave frequencies,” Prog. Electromagn. Res. 84, 379–406 ( 2008).
[Crossref]

R. Llorente, T. Alves, M. Morant, M. Beltran, J. Perez, A. Cartaxo, and J. Marti, “Ultra-wideband radio signals distribution in FTTH nettworks,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 20(11), 945–947 ( 2008).
[Crossref]

2007 (1)

C. T. Lin, J. Chen, P. C. Peng, C. F. Peng, W. R. Peng, B. S. Chiou, and S. Chi, “Hybrid optical access network integrating fiber-to-the-home and radio-over-fiber systems,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 19(8), 610–612 ( 2007).
[Crossref]

2006 (1)

2000 (1)

H. D. Kim, S. G. Kang, and C. H. Lee, “A low-cost WDM source with an ASE injected Fabry-Perot semiconductor laser,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 12(8), 1067–1069 ( 2000).
[Crossref]

1993 (1)

J. S. Lee, Y. C. Chung, and D. J. DiGiovanni, “Spectrum-sliced fiber amplifier light source for multichannel WDM applications,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 5(12), 1458–1461 ( 1993).
[Crossref]

Alves, T.

R. Llorente, T. Alves, M. Morant, M. Beltran, J. Perez, A. Cartaxo, and J. Marti, “Ultra-wideband radio signals distribution in FTTH nettworks,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 20(11), 945–947 ( 2008).
[Crossref]

Beltran, M.

R. Llorente, T. Alves, M. Morant, M. Beltran, J. Perez, A. Cartaxo, and J. Marti, “Ultra-wideband radio signals distribution in FTTH nettworks,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 20(11), 945–947 ( 2008).
[Crossref]

Cartaxo, A.

R. Llorente, T. Alves, M. Morant, M. Beltran, J. Perez, A. Cartaxo, and J. Marti, “Ultra-wideband radio signals distribution in FTTH nettworks,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 20(11), 945–947 ( 2008).
[Crossref]

Chen, H. W.

H. H. Lu, C. Y. Li, C. H. Lee, Y. C. Hsiao, and H. W. Chen, “Radio-over-Fiber Transport Systems Based on DFB LD with Main and -1 Side Modes Injection-Locked Techniques,” Prog. Electromagn. Res. Lett. 7, 25–33 ( 2009).
[Crossref]

Chen, J.

C. T. Lin, J. Chen, P. C. Peng, C. F. Peng, W. R. Peng, B. S. Chiou, and S. Chi, “Hybrid optical access network integrating fiber-to-the-home and radio-over-fiber systems,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 19(8), 610–612 ( 2007).
[Crossref]

Chi, S.

C. T. Lin, J. Chen, P. C. Peng, C. F. Peng, W. R. Peng, B. S. Chiou, and S. Chi, “Hybrid optical access network integrating fiber-to-the-home and radio-over-fiber systems,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 19(8), 610–612 ( 2007).
[Crossref]

Chiou, B. S.

C. T. Lin, J. Chen, P. C. Peng, C. F. Peng, W. R. Peng, B. S. Chiou, and S. Chi, “Hybrid optical access network integrating fiber-to-the-home and radio-over-fiber systems,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 19(8), 610–612 ( 2007).
[Crossref]

Chung, Y. C.

J. S. Lee, Y. C. Chung, and D. J. DiGiovanni, “Spectrum-sliced fiber amplifier light source for multichannel WDM applications,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 5(12), 1458–1461 ( 1993).
[Crossref]

DiGiovanni, D. J.

J. S. Lee, Y. C. Chung, and D. J. DiGiovanni, “Spectrum-sliced fiber amplifier light source for multichannel WDM applications,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 5(12), 1458–1461 ( 1993).
[Crossref]

Hsiao, Y. C.

H. H. Lu, C. Y. Li, C. H. Lee, Y. C. Hsiao, and H. W. Chen, “Radio-over-Fiber Transport Systems Based on DFB LD with Main and -1 Side Modes Injection-Locked Techniques,” Prog. Electromagn. Res. Lett. 7, 25–33 ( 2009).
[Crossref]

Hwang, S.

Kang, S. G.

H. D. Kim, S. G. Kang, and C. H. Lee, “A low-cost WDM source with an ASE injected Fabry-Perot semiconductor laser,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 12(8), 1067–1069 ( 2000).
[Crossref]

Kim, H.

Kim, H. D.

H. D. Kim, S. G. Kang, and C. H. Lee, “A low-cost WDM source with an ASE injected Fabry-Perot semiconductor laser,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 12(8), 1067–1069 ( 2000).
[Crossref]

Kim, S.

Lee, C. H.

H. H. Lu, C. Y. Li, C. H. Lee, Y. C. Hsiao, and H. W. Chen, “Radio-over-Fiber Transport Systems Based on DFB LD with Main and -1 Side Modes Injection-Locked Techniques,” Prog. Electromagn. Res. Lett. 7, 25–33 ( 2009).
[Crossref]

H. D. Kim, S. G. Kang, and C. H. Lee, “A low-cost WDM source with an ASE injected Fabry-Perot semiconductor laser,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 12(8), 1067–1069 ( 2000).
[Crossref]

Lee, J. S.

J. S. Lee, Y. C. Chung, and D. J. DiGiovanni, “Spectrum-sliced fiber amplifier light source for multichannel WDM applications,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 5(12), 1458–1461 ( 1993).
[Crossref]

Li, C. Y.

H. H. Lu, C. Y. Li, C. H. Lee, Y. C. Hsiao, and H. W. Chen, “Radio-over-Fiber Transport Systems Based on DFB LD with Main and -1 Side Modes Injection-Locked Techniques,” Prog. Electromagn. Res. Lett. 7, 25–33 ( 2009).
[Crossref]

H. H. Lu, W. Y. Lin, H. C. Peng, C. Y. Li, and H. S. Su, “Fiber-to-the-home integration with digital link on microwave subcarrier transport systems,” Prog. Electromagn. Res. C 7, 125–136 ( 2009).
[Crossref]

Li, J.

J. Li and G. Shen, “Cost Minimization Planning for Greenfield Passive Optical Networks,” IEEE/OSA J. Opt. Commun. Netw. 1(1), 17–29 ( 2009).
[Crossref]

Lin, C. T.

C. T. Lin, J. Chen, P. C. Peng, C. F. Peng, W. R. Peng, B. S. Chiou, and S. Chi, “Hybrid optical access network integrating fiber-to-the-home and radio-over-fiber systems,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 19(8), 610–612 ( 2007).
[Crossref]

Lin, W. Y.

H. H. Lu, W. Y. Lin, H. C. Peng, C. Y. Li, and H. S. Su, “Fiber-to-the-home integration with digital link on microwave subcarrier transport systems,” Prog. Electromagn. Res. C 7, 125–136 ( 2009).
[Crossref]

Llorente, R.

R. Llorente, T. Alves, M. Morant, M. Beltran, J. Perez, A. Cartaxo, and J. Marti, “Ultra-wideband radio signals distribution in FTTH nettworks,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 20(11), 945–947 ( 2008).
[Crossref]

Lu, H. H.

H. H. Lu, W. Y. Lin, H. C. Peng, C. Y. Li, and H. S. Su, “Fiber-to-the-home integration with digital link on microwave subcarrier transport systems,” Prog. Electromagn. Res. C 7, 125–136 ( 2009).
[Crossref]

H. H. Lu, C. Y. Li, C. H. Lee, Y. C. Hsiao, and H. W. Chen, “Radio-over-Fiber Transport Systems Based on DFB LD with Main and -1 Side Modes Injection-Locked Techniques,” Prog. Electromagn. Res. Lett. 7, 25–33 ( 2009).
[Crossref]

Marti, J.

R. Llorente, T. Alves, M. Morant, M. Beltran, J. Perez, A. Cartaxo, and J. Marti, “Ultra-wideband radio signals distribution in FTTH nettworks,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 20(11), 945–947 ( 2008).
[Crossref]

Morant, M.

R. Llorente, T. Alves, M. Morant, M. Beltran, J. Perez, A. Cartaxo, and J. Marti, “Ultra-wideband radio signals distribution in FTTH nettworks,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 20(11), 945–947 ( 2008).
[Crossref]

Oh, Y.

Peng, C. F.

C. T. Lin, J. Chen, P. C. Peng, C. F. Peng, W. R. Peng, B. S. Chiou, and S. Chi, “Hybrid optical access network integrating fiber-to-the-home and radio-over-fiber systems,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 19(8), 610–612 ( 2007).
[Crossref]

Peng, H. C.

H. H. Lu, W. Y. Lin, H. C. Peng, C. Y. Li, and H. S. Su, “Fiber-to-the-home integration with digital link on microwave subcarrier transport systems,” Prog. Electromagn. Res. C 7, 125–136 ( 2009).
[Crossref]

Peng, P. C.

C. T. Lin, J. Chen, P. C. Peng, C. F. Peng, W. R. Peng, B. S. Chiou, and S. Chi, “Hybrid optical access network integrating fiber-to-the-home and radio-over-fiber systems,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 19(8), 610–612 ( 2007).
[Crossref]

Peng, W. R.

C. T. Lin, J. Chen, P. C. Peng, C. F. Peng, W. R. Peng, B. S. Chiou, and S. Chi, “Hybrid optical access network integrating fiber-to-the-home and radio-over-fiber systems,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 19(8), 610–612 ( 2007).
[Crossref]

Perez, J.

R. Llorente, T. Alves, M. Morant, M. Beltran, J. Perez, A. Cartaxo, and J. Marti, “Ultra-wideband radio signals distribution in FTTH nettworks,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 20(11), 945–947 ( 2008).
[Crossref]

Serdyuk, V. M.

V. M. Serdyuk, “Dielectric study of bound water in grain at radio and microwave frequencies,” Prog. Electromagn. Res. 84, 379–406 ( 2008).
[Crossref]

Shen, G.

J. Li and G. Shen, “Cost Minimization Planning for Greenfield Passive Optical Networks,” IEEE/OSA J. Opt. Commun. Netw. 1(1), 17–29 ( 2009).
[Crossref]

Su, H. S.

H. H. Lu, W. Y. Lin, H. C. Peng, C. Y. Li, and H. S. Su, “Fiber-to-the-home integration with digital link on microwave subcarrier transport systems,” Prog. Electromagn. Res. C 7, 125–136 ( 2009).
[Crossref]

IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. (4)

R. Llorente, T. Alves, M. Morant, M. Beltran, J. Perez, A. Cartaxo, and J. Marti, “Ultra-wideband radio signals distribution in FTTH nettworks,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 20(11), 945–947 ( 2008).
[Crossref]

C. T. Lin, J. Chen, P. C. Peng, C. F. Peng, W. R. Peng, B. S. Chiou, and S. Chi, “Hybrid optical access network integrating fiber-to-the-home and radio-over-fiber systems,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 19(8), 610–612 ( 2007).
[Crossref]

H. D. Kim, S. G. Kang, and C. H. Lee, “A low-cost WDM source with an ASE injected Fabry-Perot semiconductor laser,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 12(8), 1067–1069 ( 2000).
[Crossref]

J. S. Lee, Y. C. Chung, and D. J. DiGiovanni, “Spectrum-sliced fiber amplifier light source for multichannel WDM applications,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 5(12), 1458–1461 ( 1993).
[Crossref]

IEEE/OSA J. Opt. Commun. Netw. (1)

J. Li and G. Shen, “Cost Minimization Planning for Greenfield Passive Optical Networks,” IEEE/OSA J. Opt. Commun. Netw. 1(1), 17–29 ( 2009).
[Crossref]

J. Lightwave Technol. (1)

Prog. Electromagn. Res. (1)

V. M. Serdyuk, “Dielectric study of bound water in grain at radio and microwave frequencies,” Prog. Electromagn. Res. 84, 379–406 ( 2008).
[Crossref]

Prog. Electromagn. Res. C (1)

H. H. Lu, W. Y. Lin, H. C. Peng, C. Y. Li, and H. S. Su, “Fiber-to-the-home integration with digital link on microwave subcarrier transport systems,” Prog. Electromagn. Res. C 7, 125–136 ( 2009).
[Crossref]

Prog. Electromagn. Res. Lett. (1)

H. H. Lu, C. Y. Li, C. H. Lee, Y. C. Hsiao, and H. W. Chen, “Radio-over-Fiber Transport Systems Based on DFB LD with Main and -1 Side Modes Injection-Locked Techniques,” Prog. Electromagn. Res. Lett. 7, 25–33 ( 2009).
[Crossref]

Other (2)

K.-I. Kitayama, T. Kuri, H. Toda, and J. J. V. Olmos, “Radio over fiber: DWDM analog/digital access network and its enabling technologies,” in Proceedings of Lasers and Electro-Optics Society (LEOS), (Lake Buena Vista, Florida, 2007), pp.794–795.

ITU-T Recommendation G.984.1, “Gigabit-capable Passive Optical Networks (GPON): General characteristics,”

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Figures (7)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1

Experimental configuration of our proposed long-haul full-duplex FTTX/ROF transport systems.

Fig. 2
Fig. 2

The configurations of OADM and BS.

Fig. 3
Fig. 3

The configuration of the broadband ASE light source.

Fig. 4
Fig. 4

(a) The optical spectrum of broadband ASE light source and the output of multiplexed signals. (b) The optical spectrum for the four selected wavelengths.

Fig. 5
Fig. 5

Measured BER curves for FTTX (1.25Gbps) and ROF (10GHz/622Mbps) applications (a) down-link, (b) up-link.

Fig. 6
Fig. 6

The electrical spectrum of downstream (CS→BS3) BB and RF signals after PD detection.

Fig. 7
Fig. 7

The eye diagrams of downstream (a) BB and (b) RF signals at the BS3.

Tables (1)

Tables Icon

Table 1 The comparison of power penalty for RF signal (ROF) with respect to BB one (FTTX) at different BS.

Equations (1)

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S N R = B o B e

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