Abstract

The influence of a near-field tip on the spectral characteristics of a resonant mode of an active photonic crystal micro-cavity was investigated. The wavelength shift of the mode was theoretically and experimentally demonstrated and evaluated as a function of the nature and the position of the tip above the cavity. Experiment showed that the shift induced is ten times higher with a Si-coated silica probe than with a bare silica tip: a shift until 2 nm was reached with Si-coated tip whereas the shift with bare silica tip is in the range of the tenth of nanometer, for wavelengths around 1,55 µm.

© 2009 OSA

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    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
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    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
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    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
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    [CrossRef]
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    [CrossRef]
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    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  23. S.-H. Kim, G.-H. Kim, S.-K. Kim, H.-G. Park, Y.-H. Lee, and S.-B. Kim, “Characteristics of a stick waveguide resonator in a two-dimensional photonic crystal slab,” J. Appl. Phys. 95, 2 (2003).
  24. Y.-S. Choi, M. T. Rakher, K. Henessy, S. Strauf, A. Badolato, P. M. Petroff, D. Bouwmeestern, and E. L. Lu, “Evolution of the onset of coherence in a family of photonic crystal nanolasers,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 91(3), 031108 (2007).
    [CrossRef]
  25. C. Monat, C. Seassal, X. Letartre, P. Regreny, P. Rojo Romeo, P. Viktorovitch, M Le Vassor d'Yerville, D Cassagne,, J. P Albert, E Jalaguier, S Pocas,, and B Aspar, “InP-based two-dimensionnal photonic crystal on silicon: InP-plane Bloch mode laser,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 81, 5102 (2002).
    [CrossRef]
  26. C. Monat, C. Seassal, X. Letartre, P. Regreny, M. Gendry, P. Rojo Romeo, P. Viktorovitch, M Le Vassor d'Yerville, D Cassagne, J. P Albert, E Jalaguier, S Pocas, and B Aspar, “Two-dimensional hexagonal-shaped microcavities formed in a two-dimensional photonic crystal on an InP membrane,” J. Appl. Phys. 93(1), 23 (2003).
    [CrossRef]
  27. N. Louvion, A. Rahmani, C. Seassal, S. Callard, D. Gérard, and F. de Fornel, “Near-field observation of subwavelength confinement of photoluminescence by a photonic crystal microcavity,” Opt. Lett. 31(14), 2160–2162 (2006).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]

2009

A. Faraon and J. Vuckovic, “Local temperature control of photonic crystal devices via micron-scale electrical heaters,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 95(4), 043102 (2009).
[CrossRef]

2008

A. Faraon, D. Englund, D. Bulla, B. Luther-Davies, B. J. Eggleton, N. Stoltz, P. Petroff, and J. Vuckovic, “Local Tuning of Photonic Crystal Cavities Using Chalcogenide Glasses,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 92(4), 043123 (2008).
[CrossRef]

B. Cluzell, L. Lalouat, P. Velha, E. Picard, D. Peyrade, J. C. Rodier, T. Charvolin, P. Lalanne, F. de Fornel, and E. Hadji, “A near-field actuated optical nanocavity,” Opt. Express 16(1), 279–286 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

2007

S. Mujumdar, A. F. Koenderink, T. Sünner, B. C. Buchler, M. Kamp, A. Forchel, and V. Sandoghdar, “Near-field imaging and frequency tuning of a high-Q photonic crystal membrane microcavity,” Opt. Express 15(25), 17214–17220 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

S. Mujumdar, A. F. Koenderink, R. Wüest, and V. Sandoghdar, “Nano-optomechanical characterization and manipulation of photonic crystals,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 13(2), 253–261 (2007).
[CrossRef]

L. Lalouat, B. Cluzel, P. Velha, E. Picard, D. Peyrade, J. P. Hugonin, P. Lalanne, E. Hadji, and F. de Fornel, “Near-field interactions between a subwavelength tip and a small-volume photonic-crystal nanocavity,” Phys. Rev. B 76(4), 041102 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Y.-S. Choi, M. T. Rakher, K. Henessy, S. Strauf, A. Badolato, P. M. Petroff, D. Bouwmeestern, and E. L. Lu, “Evolution of the onset of coherence in a family of photonic crystal nanolasers,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 91(3), 031108 (2007).
[CrossRef]

2006

2005

N. Louvion, D. Gérard, J. Mouette, F. de Fornel, C. Seassal, X. Letartre, A. Rahmani, and S. Callard, “Local observation and spectroscopy of optical modes in an active photonic-crystal microcavity,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 94(11), 113907 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

A. F. Koenderink, M. Kafesaki, B. C. Buchler, and V. Sandoghdar, “Controlling the resonance of a photonic crystal microcavity by a near-field probe,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 95(15), 153904 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

A. F. Koenderink, R. Wüest, B. C. Buchler, S. Richter, P. Strasser, M. Kafesaki, A. Rogach, R. B. Wehrspohn, C. M. Soukoulis, D. Erni, F. Robin, H. Jackel, and V. Sandoghdar, “Near-field optics and control of photonic crystals,” Photon. Nanostrut. 3(2-3), 63–74 (2005).
[CrossRef]

M. Fujita, S. Takahashi, Y. Tanaka, T. Asano, and S. Noda, “Simultaneous inhibition and redistribution of spontaneous light emission in photonic crystals,” Science 308(5726), 1296–1298 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

D. Englund, D. Fattal, E. Waks, G. Solomon, B. Zhang, T. Nakaoka, Y. Arakawa, Y. Yamamoto, and J. Vucković, “Controlling the spontaneous emission rate of single quantum dots in a two-dimensional photonic crystal,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 95(1), 013904 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

K. Kounoike, M. Yamaguchi, M. Fujita, T. Asano, J. Nakanishi, and S. Noda, “Investigation of spontaneous emission from quantum dots embedded in two-dimensional photonic-crystal slab,” Electron. Lett. 41(25), 1402 (2005).
[CrossRef]

2004

P. Kramper, M. Agio, C. M. Soukoulis, A. Birner, F. Müller, R. B. Wehrspohn, U. Gösele, and V. Sandoghdar, “Highly directional emission from photonic crystal waveguides of subwavelength width,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 92(11), 113903 (2004).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

P. Kramper, M. Kafesaki, C. M. Soukoulis, A. Birner, F. Müller, U. Gösele, R. B. Wehrspohn, J. Mlynek, and V. Sandoghdar, “Near-field visualization of light confinement in a photonic crystal microresonator,” Opt. Lett. 29(2), 174–176 (2004).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

2003

E. Flück, M. Hammer, A. M. Otter, J. P. Korterik, L. Kuipers, and N. F. van Hulst, “Amplitude and Phase Evolution of Optical Fields Inside Periodic Photonic Structures,” J. Lightwave Technol. 21(5), 1384–1393 (2003).
[CrossRef]

K. Okamoto, M. Loncar, T. Yoshie, A. Scherer, Y. Qiu, and P. Gogna, “Near-field scanning optical microscopy of photonic crystal nanocavities,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 82(11), 1676 (2003).
[CrossRef]

J. Vučković and Y. Yamamoto, “Photonic crystal microcavities for cavity quantum electrodynamics with a single quantum dotl,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 82(15), 2374 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Y. Akahane, T. Asano, B.-S. Song, and S. Noda, “High-Q photonic nanocavity in a two-dimensional photonic crystal,” Nature 425(6961), 944–947 (2003).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

C. Monat, C. Seassal, X. Letartre, P. Regreny, M. Gendry, P. Rojo Romeo, P. Viktorovitch, M Le Vassor d'Yerville, D Cassagne, J. P Albert, E Jalaguier, S Pocas, and B Aspar, “Two-dimensional hexagonal-shaped microcavities formed in a two-dimensional photonic crystal on an InP membrane,” J. Appl. Phys. 93(1), 23 (2003).
[CrossRef]

S.-H. Kim, G.-H. Kim, S.-K. Kim, H.-G. Park, Y.-H. Lee, and S.-B. Kim, “Characteristics of a stick waveguide resonator in a two-dimensional photonic crystal slab,” J. Appl. Phys. 95, 2 (2003).

2002

C. Monat, C. Seassal, X. Letartre, P. Regreny, P. Rojo Romeo, P. Viktorovitch, M Le Vassor d'Yerville, D Cassagne,, J. P Albert, E Jalaguier, S Pocas,, and B Aspar, “InP-based two-dimensionnal photonic crystal on silicon: InP-plane Bloch mode laser,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 81, 5102 (2002).
[CrossRef]

D. Gérard, L. Berguiga, F. de Fornel, L. Salomon, C. Seassal, X. Letartre, P. Rojo-Romeo, and P. Viktorovitch, “Near-field probing of active photonic-crystal structures,” Opt. Lett. 27(3), 173–175 (2002).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

D.-J. Shin, S.-H. Kim, J.-K. Hwang, H.-Y. Ryu, H.-G. Park, D.-S. Song, and Y.-H. Lee, “Far- and near-field investigations on the lasing modes intwo-dimensional photonic crystal slab lasers,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 38(7), 857–866 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Agio, M.

P. Kramper, M. Agio, C. M. Soukoulis, A. Birner, F. Müller, R. B. Wehrspohn, U. Gösele, and V. Sandoghdar, “Highly directional emission from photonic crystal waveguides of subwavelength width,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 92(11), 113903 (2004).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Akahane, Y.

Y. Akahane, T. Asano, B.-S. Song, and S. Noda, “High-Q photonic nanocavity in a two-dimensional photonic crystal,” Nature 425(6961), 944–947 (2003).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Albert, J. P

C. Monat, C. Seassal, X. Letartre, P. Regreny, M. Gendry, P. Rojo Romeo, P. Viktorovitch, M Le Vassor d'Yerville, D Cassagne, J. P Albert, E Jalaguier, S Pocas, and B Aspar, “Two-dimensional hexagonal-shaped microcavities formed in a two-dimensional photonic crystal on an InP membrane,” J. Appl. Phys. 93(1), 23 (2003).
[CrossRef]

C. Monat, C. Seassal, X. Letartre, P. Regreny, P. Rojo Romeo, P. Viktorovitch, M Le Vassor d'Yerville, D Cassagne,, J. P Albert, E Jalaguier, S Pocas,, and B Aspar, “InP-based two-dimensionnal photonic crystal on silicon: InP-plane Bloch mode laser,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 81, 5102 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Arakawa, Y.

D. Englund, D. Fattal, E. Waks, G. Solomon, B. Zhang, T. Nakaoka, Y. Arakawa, Y. Yamamoto, and J. Vucković, “Controlling the spontaneous emission rate of single quantum dots in a two-dimensional photonic crystal,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 95(1), 013904 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Asano, T.

M. Fujita, S. Takahashi, Y. Tanaka, T. Asano, and S. Noda, “Simultaneous inhibition and redistribution of spontaneous light emission in photonic crystals,” Science 308(5726), 1296–1298 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

K. Kounoike, M. Yamaguchi, M. Fujita, T. Asano, J. Nakanishi, and S. Noda, “Investigation of spontaneous emission from quantum dots embedded in two-dimensional photonic-crystal slab,” Electron. Lett. 41(25), 1402 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Y. Akahane, T. Asano, B.-S. Song, and S. Noda, “High-Q photonic nanocavity in a two-dimensional photonic crystal,” Nature 425(6961), 944–947 (2003).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Aspar, B

C. Monat, C. Seassal, X. Letartre, P. Regreny, M. Gendry, P. Rojo Romeo, P. Viktorovitch, M Le Vassor d'Yerville, D Cassagne, J. P Albert, E Jalaguier, S Pocas, and B Aspar, “Two-dimensional hexagonal-shaped microcavities formed in a two-dimensional photonic crystal on an InP membrane,” J. Appl. Phys. 93(1), 23 (2003).
[CrossRef]

C. Monat, C. Seassal, X. Letartre, P. Regreny, P. Rojo Romeo, P. Viktorovitch, M Le Vassor d'Yerville, D Cassagne,, J. P Albert, E Jalaguier, S Pocas,, and B Aspar, “InP-based two-dimensionnal photonic crystal on silicon: InP-plane Bloch mode laser,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 81, 5102 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Badolato, A.

Y.-S. Choi, M. T. Rakher, K. Henessy, S. Strauf, A. Badolato, P. M. Petroff, D. Bouwmeestern, and E. L. Lu, “Evolution of the onset of coherence in a family of photonic crystal nanolasers,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 91(3), 031108 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Berguiga, L.

Birner, A.

P. Kramper, M. Agio, C. M. Soukoulis, A. Birner, F. Müller, R. B. Wehrspohn, U. Gösele, and V. Sandoghdar, “Highly directional emission from photonic crystal waveguides of subwavelength width,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 92(11), 113903 (2004).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

P. Kramper, M. Kafesaki, C. M. Soukoulis, A. Birner, F. Müller, U. Gösele, R. B. Wehrspohn, J. Mlynek, and V. Sandoghdar, “Near-field visualization of light confinement in a photonic crystal microresonator,” Opt. Lett. 29(2), 174–176 (2004).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Bogaerts, W.

Bouwmeestern, D.

Y.-S. Choi, M. T. Rakher, K. Henessy, S. Strauf, A. Badolato, P. M. Petroff, D. Bouwmeestern, and E. L. Lu, “Evolution of the onset of coherence in a family of photonic crystal nanolasers,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 91(3), 031108 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Buchler, B. C.

S. Mujumdar, A. F. Koenderink, T. Sünner, B. C. Buchler, M. Kamp, A. Forchel, and V. Sandoghdar, “Near-field imaging and frequency tuning of a high-Q photonic crystal membrane microcavity,” Opt. Express 15(25), 17214–17220 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

A. F. Koenderink, M. Kafesaki, B. C. Buchler, and V. Sandoghdar, “Controlling the resonance of a photonic crystal microcavity by a near-field probe,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 95(15), 153904 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

A. F. Koenderink, R. Wüest, B. C. Buchler, S. Richter, P. Strasser, M. Kafesaki, A. Rogach, R. B. Wehrspohn, C. M. Soukoulis, D. Erni, F. Robin, H. Jackel, and V. Sandoghdar, “Near-field optics and control of photonic crystals,” Photon. Nanostrut. 3(2-3), 63–74 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Bulla, D.

A. Faraon, D. Englund, D. Bulla, B. Luther-Davies, B. J. Eggleton, N. Stoltz, P. Petroff, and J. Vuckovic, “Local Tuning of Photonic Crystal Cavities Using Chalcogenide Glasses,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 92(4), 043123 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Callard, S.

N. Louvion, A. Rahmani, C. Seassal, S. Callard, D. Gérard, and F. de Fornel, “Near-field observation of subwavelength confinement of photoluminescence by a photonic crystal microcavity,” Opt. Lett. 31(14), 2160–2162 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

N. Louvion, D. Gérard, J. Mouette, F. de Fornel, C. Seassal, X. Letartre, A. Rahmani, and S. Callard, “Local observation and spectroscopy of optical modes in an active photonic-crystal microcavity,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 94(11), 113907 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Cassagne, D

C. Monat, C. Seassal, X. Letartre, P. Regreny, M. Gendry, P. Rojo Romeo, P. Viktorovitch, M Le Vassor d'Yerville, D Cassagne, J. P Albert, E Jalaguier, S Pocas, and B Aspar, “Two-dimensional hexagonal-shaped microcavities formed in a two-dimensional photonic crystal on an InP membrane,” J. Appl. Phys. 93(1), 23 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Cassagne,, D

C. Monat, C. Seassal, X. Letartre, P. Regreny, P. Rojo Romeo, P. Viktorovitch, M Le Vassor d'Yerville, D Cassagne,, J. P Albert, E Jalaguier, S Pocas,, and B Aspar, “InP-based two-dimensionnal photonic crystal on silicon: InP-plane Bloch mode laser,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 81, 5102 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Charvolin, T.

Choi, Y.-S.

Y.-S. Choi, M. T. Rakher, K. Henessy, S. Strauf, A. Badolato, P. M. Petroff, D. Bouwmeestern, and E. L. Lu, “Evolution of the onset of coherence in a family of photonic crystal nanolasers,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 91(3), 031108 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Cluzel, B.

L. Lalouat, B. Cluzel, P. Velha, E. Picard, D. Peyrade, J. P. Hugonin, P. Lalanne, E. Hadji, and F. de Fornel, “Near-field interactions between a subwavelength tip and a small-volume photonic-crystal nanocavity,” Phys. Rev. B 76(4), 041102 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Cluzell, B.

de Fornel, F.

B. Cluzell, L. Lalouat, P. Velha, E. Picard, D. Peyrade, J. C. Rodier, T. Charvolin, P. Lalanne, F. de Fornel, and E. Hadji, “A near-field actuated optical nanocavity,” Opt. Express 16(1), 279–286 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

L. Lalouat, B. Cluzel, P. Velha, E. Picard, D. Peyrade, J. P. Hugonin, P. Lalanne, E. Hadji, and F. de Fornel, “Near-field interactions between a subwavelength tip and a small-volume photonic-crystal nanocavity,” Phys. Rev. B 76(4), 041102 (2007).
[CrossRef]

N. Louvion, A. Rahmani, C. Seassal, S. Callard, D. Gérard, and F. de Fornel, “Near-field observation of subwavelength confinement of photoluminescence by a photonic crystal microcavity,” Opt. Lett. 31(14), 2160–2162 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

N. Louvion, D. Gérard, J. Mouette, F. de Fornel, C. Seassal, X. Letartre, A. Rahmani, and S. Callard, “Local observation and spectroscopy of optical modes in an active photonic-crystal microcavity,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 94(11), 113907 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

D. Gérard, L. Berguiga, F. de Fornel, L. Salomon, C. Seassal, X. Letartre, P. Rojo-Romeo, and P. Viktorovitch, “Near-field probing of active photonic-crystal structures,” Opt. Lett. 27(3), 173–175 (2002).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

de Ridder, R. M.

Eggleton, B. J.

A. Faraon, D. Englund, D. Bulla, B. Luther-Davies, B. J. Eggleton, N. Stoltz, P. Petroff, and J. Vuckovic, “Local Tuning of Photonic Crystal Cavities Using Chalcogenide Glasses,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 92(4), 043123 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Englund, D.

A. Faraon, D. Englund, D. Bulla, B. Luther-Davies, B. J. Eggleton, N. Stoltz, P. Petroff, and J. Vuckovic, “Local Tuning of Photonic Crystal Cavities Using Chalcogenide Glasses,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 92(4), 043123 (2008).
[CrossRef]

D. Englund, D. Fattal, E. Waks, G. Solomon, B. Zhang, T. Nakaoka, Y. Arakawa, Y. Yamamoto, and J. Vucković, “Controlling the spontaneous emission rate of single quantum dots in a two-dimensional photonic crystal,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 95(1), 013904 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Erni, D.

A. F. Koenderink, R. Wüest, B. C. Buchler, S. Richter, P. Strasser, M. Kafesaki, A. Rogach, R. B. Wehrspohn, C. M. Soukoulis, D. Erni, F. Robin, H. Jackel, and V. Sandoghdar, “Near-field optics and control of photonic crystals,” Photon. Nanostrut. 3(2-3), 63–74 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Faraon, A.

A. Faraon and J. Vuckovic, “Local temperature control of photonic crystal devices via micron-scale electrical heaters,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 95(4), 043102 (2009).
[CrossRef]

A. Faraon, D. Englund, D. Bulla, B. Luther-Davies, B. J. Eggleton, N. Stoltz, P. Petroff, and J. Vuckovic, “Local Tuning of Photonic Crystal Cavities Using Chalcogenide Glasses,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 92(4), 043123 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Fattal, D.

D. Englund, D. Fattal, E. Waks, G. Solomon, B. Zhang, T. Nakaoka, Y. Arakawa, Y. Yamamoto, and J. Vucković, “Controlling the spontaneous emission rate of single quantum dots in a two-dimensional photonic crystal,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 95(1), 013904 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Flück, E.

Forchel, A.

Fujita, M.

M. Fujita, S. Takahashi, Y. Tanaka, T. Asano, and S. Noda, “Simultaneous inhibition and redistribution of spontaneous light emission in photonic crystals,” Science 308(5726), 1296–1298 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

K. Kounoike, M. Yamaguchi, M. Fujita, T. Asano, J. Nakanishi, and S. Noda, “Investigation of spontaneous emission from quantum dots embedded in two-dimensional photonic-crystal slab,” Electron. Lett. 41(25), 1402 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Gendry, M.

C. Monat, C. Seassal, X. Letartre, P. Regreny, M. Gendry, P. Rojo Romeo, P. Viktorovitch, M Le Vassor d'Yerville, D Cassagne, J. P Albert, E Jalaguier, S Pocas, and B Aspar, “Two-dimensional hexagonal-shaped microcavities formed in a two-dimensional photonic crystal on an InP membrane,” J. Appl. Phys. 93(1), 23 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Gérard, D.

Gogna, P.

K. Okamoto, M. Loncar, T. Yoshie, A. Scherer, Y. Qiu, and P. Gogna, “Near-field scanning optical microscopy of photonic crystal nanocavities,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 82(11), 1676 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Gösele, U.

P. Kramper, M. Kafesaki, C. M. Soukoulis, A. Birner, F. Müller, U. Gösele, R. B. Wehrspohn, J. Mlynek, and V. Sandoghdar, “Near-field visualization of light confinement in a photonic crystal microresonator,” Opt. Lett. 29(2), 174–176 (2004).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

P. Kramper, M. Agio, C. M. Soukoulis, A. Birner, F. Müller, R. B. Wehrspohn, U. Gösele, and V. Sandoghdar, “Highly directional emission from photonic crystal waveguides of subwavelength width,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 92(11), 113903 (2004).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Hadji, E.

B. Cluzell, L. Lalouat, P. Velha, E. Picard, D. Peyrade, J. C. Rodier, T. Charvolin, P. Lalanne, F. de Fornel, and E. Hadji, “A near-field actuated optical nanocavity,” Opt. Express 16(1), 279–286 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

L. Lalouat, B. Cluzel, P. Velha, E. Picard, D. Peyrade, J. P. Hugonin, P. Lalanne, E. Hadji, and F. de Fornel, “Near-field interactions between a subwavelength tip and a small-volume photonic-crystal nanocavity,” Phys. Rev. B 76(4), 041102 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Hammer, M.

Henessy, K.

Y.-S. Choi, M. T. Rakher, K. Henessy, S. Strauf, A. Badolato, P. M. Petroff, D. Bouwmeestern, and E. L. Lu, “Evolution of the onset of coherence in a family of photonic crystal nanolasers,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 91(3), 031108 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Herzig, H. P.

Hollink, A. J.

Hopman, W. C. L.

Hugonin, J. P.

L. Lalouat, B. Cluzel, P. Velha, E. Picard, D. Peyrade, J. P. Hugonin, P. Lalanne, E. Hadji, and F. de Fornel, “Near-field interactions between a subwavelength tip and a small-volume photonic-crystal nanocavity,” Phys. Rev. B 76(4), 041102 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Hwang, J.-K.

D.-J. Shin, S.-H. Kim, J.-K. Hwang, H.-Y. Ryu, H.-G. Park, D.-S. Song, and Y.-H. Lee, “Far- and near-field investigations on the lasing modes intwo-dimensional photonic crystal slab lasers,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 38(7), 857–866 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Jackel, H.

A. F. Koenderink, R. Wüest, B. C. Buchler, S. Richter, P. Strasser, M. Kafesaki, A. Rogach, R. B. Wehrspohn, C. M. Soukoulis, D. Erni, F. Robin, H. Jackel, and V. Sandoghdar, “Near-field optics and control of photonic crystals,” Photon. Nanostrut. 3(2-3), 63–74 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Jalaguier, E

C. Monat, C. Seassal, X. Letartre, P. Regreny, M. Gendry, P. Rojo Romeo, P. Viktorovitch, M Le Vassor d'Yerville, D Cassagne, J. P Albert, E Jalaguier, S Pocas, and B Aspar, “Two-dimensional hexagonal-shaped microcavities formed in a two-dimensional photonic crystal on an InP membrane,” J. Appl. Phys. 93(1), 23 (2003).
[CrossRef]

C. Monat, C. Seassal, X. Letartre, P. Regreny, P. Rojo Romeo, P. Viktorovitch, M Le Vassor d'Yerville, D Cassagne,, J. P Albert, E Jalaguier, S Pocas,, and B Aspar, “InP-based two-dimensionnal photonic crystal on silicon: InP-plane Bloch mode laser,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 81, 5102 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Kafesaki, M.

A. F. Koenderink, M. Kafesaki, B. C. Buchler, and V. Sandoghdar, “Controlling the resonance of a photonic crystal microcavity by a near-field probe,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 95(15), 153904 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

A. F. Koenderink, R. Wüest, B. C. Buchler, S. Richter, P. Strasser, M. Kafesaki, A. Rogach, R. B. Wehrspohn, C. M. Soukoulis, D. Erni, F. Robin, H. Jackel, and V. Sandoghdar, “Near-field optics and control of photonic crystals,” Photon. Nanostrut. 3(2-3), 63–74 (2005).
[CrossRef]

P. Kramper, M. Kafesaki, C. M. Soukoulis, A. Birner, F. Müller, U. Gösele, R. B. Wehrspohn, J. Mlynek, and V. Sandoghdar, “Near-field visualization of light confinement in a photonic crystal microresonator,” Opt. Lett. 29(2), 174–176 (2004).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Kamp, M.

Kim, G.-H.

S.-H. Kim, G.-H. Kim, S.-K. Kim, H.-G. Park, Y.-H. Lee, and S.-B. Kim, “Characteristics of a stick waveguide resonator in a two-dimensional photonic crystal slab,” J. Appl. Phys. 95, 2 (2003).

Kim, S.-B.

S.-H. Kim, G.-H. Kim, S.-K. Kim, H.-G. Park, Y.-H. Lee, and S.-B. Kim, “Characteristics of a stick waveguide resonator in a two-dimensional photonic crystal slab,” J. Appl. Phys. 95, 2 (2003).

Kim, S.-H.

S.-H. Kim, G.-H. Kim, S.-K. Kim, H.-G. Park, Y.-H. Lee, and S.-B. Kim, “Characteristics of a stick waveguide resonator in a two-dimensional photonic crystal slab,” J. Appl. Phys. 95, 2 (2003).

D.-J. Shin, S.-H. Kim, J.-K. Hwang, H.-Y. Ryu, H.-G. Park, D.-S. Song, and Y.-H. Lee, “Far- and near-field investigations on the lasing modes intwo-dimensional photonic crystal slab lasers,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 38(7), 857–866 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Kim, S.-K.

S.-H. Kim, G.-H. Kim, S.-K. Kim, H.-G. Park, Y.-H. Lee, and S.-B. Kim, “Characteristics of a stick waveguide resonator in a two-dimensional photonic crystal slab,” J. Appl. Phys. 95, 2 (2003).

Koenderink, A. F.

S. Mujumdar, A. F. Koenderink, R. Wüest, and V. Sandoghdar, “Nano-optomechanical characterization and manipulation of photonic crystals,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 13(2), 253–261 (2007).
[CrossRef]

S. Mujumdar, A. F. Koenderink, T. Sünner, B. C. Buchler, M. Kamp, A. Forchel, and V. Sandoghdar, “Near-field imaging and frequency tuning of a high-Q photonic crystal membrane microcavity,” Opt. Express 15(25), 17214–17220 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

A. F. Koenderink, R. Wüest, B. C. Buchler, S. Richter, P. Strasser, M. Kafesaki, A. Rogach, R. B. Wehrspohn, C. M. Soukoulis, D. Erni, F. Robin, H. Jackel, and V. Sandoghdar, “Near-field optics and control of photonic crystals,” Photon. Nanostrut. 3(2-3), 63–74 (2005).
[CrossRef]

A. F. Koenderink, M. Kafesaki, B. C. Buchler, and V. Sandoghdar, “Controlling the resonance of a photonic crystal microcavity by a near-field probe,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 95(15), 153904 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Korterik, J. P.

Kounoike, K.

K. Kounoike, M. Yamaguchi, M. Fujita, T. Asano, J. Nakanishi, and S. Noda, “Investigation of spontaneous emission from quantum dots embedded in two-dimensional photonic-crystal slab,” Electron. Lett. 41(25), 1402 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Kramper, P.

P. Kramper, M. Agio, C. M. Soukoulis, A. Birner, F. Müller, R. B. Wehrspohn, U. Gösele, and V. Sandoghdar, “Highly directional emission from photonic crystal waveguides of subwavelength width,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 92(11), 113903 (2004).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

P. Kramper, M. Kafesaki, C. M. Soukoulis, A. Birner, F. Müller, U. Gösele, R. B. Wehrspohn, J. Mlynek, and V. Sandoghdar, “Near-field visualization of light confinement in a photonic crystal microresonator,” Opt. Lett. 29(2), 174–176 (2004).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Kuipers, L.

Lalanne, P.

B. Cluzell, L. Lalouat, P. Velha, E. Picard, D. Peyrade, J. C. Rodier, T. Charvolin, P. Lalanne, F. de Fornel, and E. Hadji, “A near-field actuated optical nanocavity,” Opt. Express 16(1), 279–286 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

L. Lalouat, B. Cluzel, P. Velha, E. Picard, D. Peyrade, J. P. Hugonin, P. Lalanne, E. Hadji, and F. de Fornel, “Near-field interactions between a subwavelength tip and a small-volume photonic-crystal nanocavity,” Phys. Rev. B 76(4), 041102 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Lalouat, L.

B. Cluzell, L. Lalouat, P. Velha, E. Picard, D. Peyrade, J. C. Rodier, T. Charvolin, P. Lalanne, F. de Fornel, and E. Hadji, “A near-field actuated optical nanocavity,” Opt. Express 16(1), 279–286 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

L. Lalouat, B. Cluzel, P. Velha, E. Picard, D. Peyrade, J. P. Hugonin, P. Lalanne, E. Hadji, and F. de Fornel, “Near-field interactions between a subwavelength tip and a small-volume photonic-crystal nanocavity,” Phys. Rev. B 76(4), 041102 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Le Vassor d'Yerville, M

C. Monat, C. Seassal, X. Letartre, P. Regreny, M. Gendry, P. Rojo Romeo, P. Viktorovitch, M Le Vassor d'Yerville, D Cassagne, J. P Albert, E Jalaguier, S Pocas, and B Aspar, “Two-dimensional hexagonal-shaped microcavities formed in a two-dimensional photonic crystal on an InP membrane,” J. Appl. Phys. 93(1), 23 (2003).
[CrossRef]

C. Monat, C. Seassal, X. Letartre, P. Regreny, P. Rojo Romeo, P. Viktorovitch, M Le Vassor d'Yerville, D Cassagne,, J. P Albert, E Jalaguier, S Pocas,, and B Aspar, “InP-based two-dimensionnal photonic crystal on silicon: InP-plane Bloch mode laser,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 81, 5102 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Lee, Y.-H.

S.-H. Kim, G.-H. Kim, S.-K. Kim, H.-G. Park, Y.-H. Lee, and S.-B. Kim, “Characteristics of a stick waveguide resonator in a two-dimensional photonic crystal slab,” J. Appl. Phys. 95, 2 (2003).

D.-J. Shin, S.-H. Kim, J.-K. Hwang, H.-Y. Ryu, H.-G. Park, D.-S. Song, and Y.-H. Lee, “Far- and near-field investigations on the lasing modes intwo-dimensional photonic crystal slab lasers,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 38(7), 857–866 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Letartre, X.

N. Louvion, D. Gérard, J. Mouette, F. de Fornel, C. Seassal, X. Letartre, A. Rahmani, and S. Callard, “Local observation and spectroscopy of optical modes in an active photonic-crystal microcavity,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 94(11), 113907 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

C. Monat, C. Seassal, X. Letartre, P. Regreny, M. Gendry, P. Rojo Romeo, P. Viktorovitch, M Le Vassor d'Yerville, D Cassagne, J. P Albert, E Jalaguier, S Pocas, and B Aspar, “Two-dimensional hexagonal-shaped microcavities formed in a two-dimensional photonic crystal on an InP membrane,” J. Appl. Phys. 93(1), 23 (2003).
[CrossRef]

C. Monat, C. Seassal, X. Letartre, P. Regreny, P. Rojo Romeo, P. Viktorovitch, M Le Vassor d'Yerville, D Cassagne,, J. P Albert, E Jalaguier, S Pocas,, and B Aspar, “InP-based two-dimensionnal photonic crystal on silicon: InP-plane Bloch mode laser,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 81, 5102 (2002).
[CrossRef]

D. Gérard, L. Berguiga, F. de Fornel, L. Salomon, C. Seassal, X. Letartre, P. Rojo-Romeo, and P. Viktorovitch, “Near-field probing of active photonic-crystal structures,” Opt. Lett. 27(3), 173–175 (2002).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Loncar, M.

K. Okamoto, M. Loncar, T. Yoshie, A. Scherer, Y. Qiu, and P. Gogna, “Near-field scanning optical microscopy of photonic crystal nanocavities,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 82(11), 1676 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Louvion, N.

N. Louvion, A. Rahmani, C. Seassal, S. Callard, D. Gérard, and F. de Fornel, “Near-field observation of subwavelength confinement of photoluminescence by a photonic crystal microcavity,” Opt. Lett. 31(14), 2160–2162 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

N. Louvion, D. Gérard, J. Mouette, F. de Fornel, C. Seassal, X. Letartre, A. Rahmani, and S. Callard, “Local observation and spectroscopy of optical modes in an active photonic-crystal microcavity,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 94(11), 113907 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Lu, E. L.

Y.-S. Choi, M. T. Rakher, K. Henessy, S. Strauf, A. Badolato, P. M. Petroff, D. Bouwmeestern, and E. L. Lu, “Evolution of the onset of coherence in a family of photonic crystal nanolasers,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 91(3), 031108 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Luther-Davies, B.

A. Faraon, D. Englund, D. Bulla, B. Luther-Davies, B. J. Eggleton, N. Stoltz, P. Petroff, and J. Vuckovic, “Local Tuning of Photonic Crystal Cavities Using Chalcogenide Glasses,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 92(4), 043123 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Märki, I.

Mlynek, J.

Monat, C.

C. Monat, C. Seassal, X. Letartre, P. Regreny, M. Gendry, P. Rojo Romeo, P. Viktorovitch, M Le Vassor d'Yerville, D Cassagne, J. P Albert, E Jalaguier, S Pocas, and B Aspar, “Two-dimensional hexagonal-shaped microcavities formed in a two-dimensional photonic crystal on an InP membrane,” J. Appl. Phys. 93(1), 23 (2003).
[CrossRef]

C. Monat, C. Seassal, X. Letartre, P. Regreny, P. Rojo Romeo, P. Viktorovitch, M Le Vassor d'Yerville, D Cassagne,, J. P Albert, E Jalaguier, S Pocas,, and B Aspar, “InP-based two-dimensionnal photonic crystal on silicon: InP-plane Bloch mode laser,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 81, 5102 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Mouette, J.

N. Louvion, D. Gérard, J. Mouette, F. de Fornel, C. Seassal, X. Letartre, A. Rahmani, and S. Callard, “Local observation and spectroscopy of optical modes in an active photonic-crystal microcavity,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 94(11), 113907 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Mujumdar, S.

S. Mujumdar, A. F. Koenderink, T. Sünner, B. C. Buchler, M. Kamp, A. Forchel, and V. Sandoghdar, “Near-field imaging and frequency tuning of a high-Q photonic crystal membrane microcavity,” Opt. Express 15(25), 17214–17220 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

S. Mujumdar, A. F. Koenderink, R. Wüest, and V. Sandoghdar, “Nano-optomechanical characterization and manipulation of photonic crystals,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 13(2), 253–261 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Müller, F.

P. Kramper, M. Kafesaki, C. M. Soukoulis, A. Birner, F. Müller, U. Gösele, R. B. Wehrspohn, J. Mlynek, and V. Sandoghdar, “Near-field visualization of light confinement in a photonic crystal microresonator,” Opt. Lett. 29(2), 174–176 (2004).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

P. Kramper, M. Agio, C. M. Soukoulis, A. Birner, F. Müller, R. B. Wehrspohn, U. Gösele, and V. Sandoghdar, “Highly directional emission from photonic crystal waveguides of subwavelength width,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 92(11), 113903 (2004).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Nakanishi, J.

K. Kounoike, M. Yamaguchi, M. Fujita, T. Asano, J. Nakanishi, and S. Noda, “Investigation of spontaneous emission from quantum dots embedded in two-dimensional photonic-crystal slab,” Electron. Lett. 41(25), 1402 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Nakaoka, T.

D. Englund, D. Fattal, E. Waks, G. Solomon, B. Zhang, T. Nakaoka, Y. Arakawa, Y. Yamamoto, and J. Vucković, “Controlling the spontaneous emission rate of single quantum dots in a two-dimensional photonic crystal,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 95(1), 013904 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Noda, S.

M. Fujita, S. Takahashi, Y. Tanaka, T. Asano, and S. Noda, “Simultaneous inhibition and redistribution of spontaneous light emission in photonic crystals,” Science 308(5726), 1296–1298 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

K. Kounoike, M. Yamaguchi, M. Fujita, T. Asano, J. Nakanishi, and S. Noda, “Investigation of spontaneous emission from quantum dots embedded in two-dimensional photonic-crystal slab,” Electron. Lett. 41(25), 1402 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Y. Akahane, T. Asano, B.-S. Song, and S. Noda, “High-Q photonic nanocavity in a two-dimensional photonic crystal,” Nature 425(6961), 944–947 (2003).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Okamoto, K.

K. Okamoto, M. Loncar, T. Yoshie, A. Scherer, Y. Qiu, and P. Gogna, “Near-field scanning optical microscopy of photonic crystal nanocavities,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 82(11), 1676 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Otter, A. M.

Park, H.-G.

S.-H. Kim, G.-H. Kim, S.-K. Kim, H.-G. Park, Y.-H. Lee, and S.-B. Kim, “Characteristics of a stick waveguide resonator in a two-dimensional photonic crystal slab,” J. Appl. Phys. 95, 2 (2003).

D.-J. Shin, S.-H. Kim, J.-K. Hwang, H.-Y. Ryu, H.-G. Park, D.-S. Song, and Y.-H. Lee, “Far- and near-field investigations on the lasing modes intwo-dimensional photonic crystal slab lasers,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 38(7), 857–866 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Petroff, P.

A. Faraon, D. Englund, D. Bulla, B. Luther-Davies, B. J. Eggleton, N. Stoltz, P. Petroff, and J. Vuckovic, “Local Tuning of Photonic Crystal Cavities Using Chalcogenide Glasses,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 92(4), 043123 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Petroff, P. M.

Y.-S. Choi, M. T. Rakher, K. Henessy, S. Strauf, A. Badolato, P. M. Petroff, D. Bouwmeestern, and E. L. Lu, “Evolution of the onset of coherence in a family of photonic crystal nanolasers,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 91(3), 031108 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Peyrade, D.

B. Cluzell, L. Lalouat, P. Velha, E. Picard, D. Peyrade, J. C. Rodier, T. Charvolin, P. Lalanne, F. de Fornel, and E. Hadji, “A near-field actuated optical nanocavity,” Opt. Express 16(1), 279–286 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

L. Lalouat, B. Cluzel, P. Velha, E. Picard, D. Peyrade, J. P. Hugonin, P. Lalanne, E. Hadji, and F. de Fornel, “Near-field interactions between a subwavelength tip and a small-volume photonic-crystal nanocavity,” Phys. Rev. B 76(4), 041102 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Picard, E.

B. Cluzell, L. Lalouat, P. Velha, E. Picard, D. Peyrade, J. C. Rodier, T. Charvolin, P. Lalanne, F. de Fornel, and E. Hadji, “A near-field actuated optical nanocavity,” Opt. Express 16(1), 279–286 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

L. Lalouat, B. Cluzel, P. Velha, E. Picard, D. Peyrade, J. P. Hugonin, P. Lalanne, E. Hadji, and F. de Fornel, “Near-field interactions between a subwavelength tip and a small-volume photonic-crystal nanocavity,” Phys. Rev. B 76(4), 041102 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Pocas, S

C. Monat, C. Seassal, X. Letartre, P. Regreny, M. Gendry, P. Rojo Romeo, P. Viktorovitch, M Le Vassor d'Yerville, D Cassagne, J. P Albert, E Jalaguier, S Pocas, and B Aspar, “Two-dimensional hexagonal-shaped microcavities formed in a two-dimensional photonic crystal on an InP membrane,” J. Appl. Phys. 93(1), 23 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Pocas,, S

C. Monat, C. Seassal, X. Letartre, P. Regreny, P. Rojo Romeo, P. Viktorovitch, M Le Vassor d'Yerville, D Cassagne,, J. P Albert, E Jalaguier, S Pocas,, and B Aspar, “InP-based two-dimensionnal photonic crystal on silicon: InP-plane Bloch mode laser,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 81, 5102 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Qiu, Y.

K. Okamoto, M. Loncar, T. Yoshie, A. Scherer, Y. Qiu, and P. Gogna, “Near-field scanning optical microscopy of photonic crystal nanocavities,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 82(11), 1676 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Rahmani, A.

N. Louvion, A. Rahmani, C. Seassal, S. Callard, D. Gérard, and F. de Fornel, “Near-field observation of subwavelength confinement of photoluminescence by a photonic crystal microcavity,” Opt. Lett. 31(14), 2160–2162 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

N. Louvion, D. Gérard, J. Mouette, F. de Fornel, C. Seassal, X. Letartre, A. Rahmani, and S. Callard, “Local observation and spectroscopy of optical modes in an active photonic-crystal microcavity,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 94(11), 113907 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Rakher, M. T.

Y.-S. Choi, M. T. Rakher, K. Henessy, S. Strauf, A. Badolato, P. M. Petroff, D. Bouwmeestern, and E. L. Lu, “Evolution of the onset of coherence in a family of photonic crystal nanolasers,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 91(3), 031108 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Regreny, P.

C. Monat, C. Seassal, X. Letartre, P. Regreny, M. Gendry, P. Rojo Romeo, P. Viktorovitch, M Le Vassor d'Yerville, D Cassagne, J. P Albert, E Jalaguier, S Pocas, and B Aspar, “Two-dimensional hexagonal-shaped microcavities formed in a two-dimensional photonic crystal on an InP membrane,” J. Appl. Phys. 93(1), 23 (2003).
[CrossRef]

C. Monat, C. Seassal, X. Letartre, P. Regreny, P. Rojo Romeo, P. Viktorovitch, M Le Vassor d'Yerville, D Cassagne,, J. P Albert, E Jalaguier, S Pocas,, and B Aspar, “InP-based two-dimensionnal photonic crystal on silicon: InP-plane Bloch mode laser,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 81, 5102 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Richter, S.

A. F. Koenderink, R. Wüest, B. C. Buchler, S. Richter, P. Strasser, M. Kafesaki, A. Rogach, R. B. Wehrspohn, C. M. Soukoulis, D. Erni, F. Robin, H. Jackel, and V. Sandoghdar, “Near-field optics and control of photonic crystals,” Photon. Nanostrut. 3(2-3), 63–74 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Robin, F.

A. F. Koenderink, R. Wüest, B. C. Buchler, S. Richter, P. Strasser, M. Kafesaki, A. Rogach, R. B. Wehrspohn, C. M. Soukoulis, D. Erni, F. Robin, H. Jackel, and V. Sandoghdar, “Near-field optics and control of photonic crystals,” Photon. Nanostrut. 3(2-3), 63–74 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Rodier, J. C.

Rogach, A.

A. F. Koenderink, R. Wüest, B. C. Buchler, S. Richter, P. Strasser, M. Kafesaki, A. Rogach, R. B. Wehrspohn, C. M. Soukoulis, D. Erni, F. Robin, H. Jackel, and V. Sandoghdar, “Near-field optics and control of photonic crystals,” Photon. Nanostrut. 3(2-3), 63–74 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Rojo Romeo, P.

C. Monat, C. Seassal, X. Letartre, P. Regreny, M. Gendry, P. Rojo Romeo, P. Viktorovitch, M Le Vassor d'Yerville, D Cassagne, J. P Albert, E Jalaguier, S Pocas, and B Aspar, “Two-dimensional hexagonal-shaped microcavities formed in a two-dimensional photonic crystal on an InP membrane,” J. Appl. Phys. 93(1), 23 (2003).
[CrossRef]

C. Monat, C. Seassal, X. Letartre, P. Regreny, P. Rojo Romeo, P. Viktorovitch, M Le Vassor d'Yerville, D Cassagne,, J. P Albert, E Jalaguier, S Pocas,, and B Aspar, “InP-based two-dimensionnal photonic crystal on silicon: InP-plane Bloch mode laser,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 81, 5102 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Rojo-Romeo, P.

Ryu, H.-Y.

D.-J. Shin, S.-H. Kim, J.-K. Hwang, H.-Y. Ryu, H.-G. Park, D.-S. Song, and Y.-H. Lee, “Far- and near-field investigations on the lasing modes intwo-dimensional photonic crystal slab lasers,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 38(7), 857–866 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Salomon, L.

Salt, M.

Sandoghdar, V.

S. Mujumdar, A. F. Koenderink, R. Wüest, and V. Sandoghdar, “Nano-optomechanical characterization and manipulation of photonic crystals,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 13(2), 253–261 (2007).
[CrossRef]

S. Mujumdar, A. F. Koenderink, T. Sünner, B. C. Buchler, M. Kamp, A. Forchel, and V. Sandoghdar, “Near-field imaging and frequency tuning of a high-Q photonic crystal membrane microcavity,” Opt. Express 15(25), 17214–17220 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

A. F. Koenderink, R. Wüest, B. C. Buchler, S. Richter, P. Strasser, M. Kafesaki, A. Rogach, R. B. Wehrspohn, C. M. Soukoulis, D. Erni, F. Robin, H. Jackel, and V. Sandoghdar, “Near-field optics and control of photonic crystals,” Photon. Nanostrut. 3(2-3), 63–74 (2005).
[CrossRef]

A. F. Koenderink, M. Kafesaki, B. C. Buchler, and V. Sandoghdar, “Controlling the resonance of a photonic crystal microcavity by a near-field probe,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 95(15), 153904 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

P. Kramper, M. Agio, C. M. Soukoulis, A. Birner, F. Müller, R. B. Wehrspohn, U. Gösele, and V. Sandoghdar, “Highly directional emission from photonic crystal waveguides of subwavelength width,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 92(11), 113903 (2004).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

P. Kramper, M. Kafesaki, C. M. Soukoulis, A. Birner, F. Müller, U. Gösele, R. B. Wehrspohn, J. Mlynek, and V. Sandoghdar, “Near-field visualization of light confinement in a photonic crystal microresonator,” Opt. Lett. 29(2), 174–176 (2004).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Scherer, A.

K. Okamoto, M. Loncar, T. Yoshie, A. Scherer, Y. Qiu, and P. Gogna, “Near-field scanning optical microscopy of photonic crystal nanocavities,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 82(11), 1676 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Seassal, C.

N. Louvion, A. Rahmani, C. Seassal, S. Callard, D. Gérard, and F. de Fornel, “Near-field observation of subwavelength confinement of photoluminescence by a photonic crystal microcavity,” Opt. Lett. 31(14), 2160–2162 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

N. Louvion, D. Gérard, J. Mouette, F. de Fornel, C. Seassal, X. Letartre, A. Rahmani, and S. Callard, “Local observation and spectroscopy of optical modes in an active photonic-crystal microcavity,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 94(11), 113907 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

C. Monat, C. Seassal, X. Letartre, P. Regreny, M. Gendry, P. Rojo Romeo, P. Viktorovitch, M Le Vassor d'Yerville, D Cassagne, J. P Albert, E Jalaguier, S Pocas, and B Aspar, “Two-dimensional hexagonal-shaped microcavities formed in a two-dimensional photonic crystal on an InP membrane,” J. Appl. Phys. 93(1), 23 (2003).
[CrossRef]

C. Monat, C. Seassal, X. Letartre, P. Regreny, P. Rojo Romeo, P. Viktorovitch, M Le Vassor d'Yerville, D Cassagne,, J. P Albert, E Jalaguier, S Pocas,, and B Aspar, “InP-based two-dimensionnal photonic crystal on silicon: InP-plane Bloch mode laser,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 81, 5102 (2002).
[CrossRef]

D. Gérard, L. Berguiga, F. de Fornel, L. Salomon, C. Seassal, X. Letartre, P. Rojo-Romeo, and P. Viktorovitch, “Near-field probing of active photonic-crystal structures,” Opt. Lett. 27(3), 173–175 (2002).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Shin, D.-J.

D.-J. Shin, S.-H. Kim, J.-K. Hwang, H.-Y. Ryu, H.-G. Park, D.-S. Song, and Y.-H. Lee, “Far- and near-field investigations on the lasing modes intwo-dimensional photonic crystal slab lasers,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 38(7), 857–866 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Solomon, G.

D. Englund, D. Fattal, E. Waks, G. Solomon, B. Zhang, T. Nakaoka, Y. Arakawa, Y. Yamamoto, and J. Vucković, “Controlling the spontaneous emission rate of single quantum dots in a two-dimensional photonic crystal,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 95(1), 013904 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Song, B.-S.

Y. Akahane, T. Asano, B.-S. Song, and S. Noda, “High-Q photonic nanocavity in a two-dimensional photonic crystal,” Nature 425(6961), 944–947 (2003).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Song, D.-S.

D.-J. Shin, S.-H. Kim, J.-K. Hwang, H.-Y. Ryu, H.-G. Park, D.-S. Song, and Y.-H. Lee, “Far- and near-field investigations on the lasing modes intwo-dimensional photonic crystal slab lasers,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 38(7), 857–866 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Soukoulis, C. M.

A. F. Koenderink, R. Wüest, B. C. Buchler, S. Richter, P. Strasser, M. Kafesaki, A. Rogach, R. B. Wehrspohn, C. M. Soukoulis, D. Erni, F. Robin, H. Jackel, and V. Sandoghdar, “Near-field optics and control of photonic crystals,” Photon. Nanostrut. 3(2-3), 63–74 (2005).
[CrossRef]

P. Kramper, M. Agio, C. M. Soukoulis, A. Birner, F. Müller, R. B. Wehrspohn, U. Gösele, and V. Sandoghdar, “Highly directional emission from photonic crystal waveguides of subwavelength width,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 92(11), 113903 (2004).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

P. Kramper, M. Kafesaki, C. M. Soukoulis, A. Birner, F. Müller, U. Gösele, R. B. Wehrspohn, J. Mlynek, and V. Sandoghdar, “Near-field visualization of light confinement in a photonic crystal microresonator,” Opt. Lett. 29(2), 174–176 (2004).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Stoltz, N.

A. Faraon, D. Englund, D. Bulla, B. Luther-Davies, B. J. Eggleton, N. Stoltz, P. Petroff, and J. Vuckovic, “Local Tuning of Photonic Crystal Cavities Using Chalcogenide Glasses,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 92(4), 043123 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Strasser, P.

A. F. Koenderink, R. Wüest, B. C. Buchler, S. Richter, P. Strasser, M. Kafesaki, A. Rogach, R. B. Wehrspohn, C. M. Soukoulis, D. Erni, F. Robin, H. Jackel, and V. Sandoghdar, “Near-field optics and control of photonic crystals,” Photon. Nanostrut. 3(2-3), 63–74 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Strauf, S.

Y.-S. Choi, M. T. Rakher, K. Henessy, S. Strauf, A. Badolato, P. M. Petroff, D. Bouwmeestern, and E. L. Lu, “Evolution of the onset of coherence in a family of photonic crystal nanolasers,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 91(3), 031108 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Subramaniam, V.

Sünner, T.

Takahashi, S.

M. Fujita, S. Takahashi, Y. Tanaka, T. Asano, and S. Noda, “Simultaneous inhibition and redistribution of spontaneous light emission in photonic crystals,” Science 308(5726), 1296–1298 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Tanaka, Y.

M. Fujita, S. Takahashi, Y. Tanaka, T. Asano, and S. Noda, “Simultaneous inhibition and redistribution of spontaneous light emission in photonic crystals,” Science 308(5726), 1296–1298 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

van der Werf, K. O.

van Hulst, N. F.

Velha, P.

B. Cluzell, L. Lalouat, P. Velha, E. Picard, D. Peyrade, J. C. Rodier, T. Charvolin, P. Lalanne, F. de Fornel, and E. Hadji, “A near-field actuated optical nanocavity,” Opt. Express 16(1), 279–286 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

L. Lalouat, B. Cluzel, P. Velha, E. Picard, D. Peyrade, J. P. Hugonin, P. Lalanne, E. Hadji, and F. de Fornel, “Near-field interactions between a subwavelength tip and a small-volume photonic-crystal nanocavity,” Phys. Rev. B 76(4), 041102 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Viktorovitch, P.

C. Monat, C. Seassal, X. Letartre, P. Regreny, M. Gendry, P. Rojo Romeo, P. Viktorovitch, M Le Vassor d'Yerville, D Cassagne, J. P Albert, E Jalaguier, S Pocas, and B Aspar, “Two-dimensional hexagonal-shaped microcavities formed in a two-dimensional photonic crystal on an InP membrane,” J. Appl. Phys. 93(1), 23 (2003).
[CrossRef]

C. Monat, C. Seassal, X. Letartre, P. Regreny, P. Rojo Romeo, P. Viktorovitch, M Le Vassor d'Yerville, D Cassagne,, J. P Albert, E Jalaguier, S Pocas,, and B Aspar, “InP-based two-dimensionnal photonic crystal on silicon: InP-plane Bloch mode laser,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 81, 5102 (2002).
[CrossRef]

D. Gérard, L. Berguiga, F. de Fornel, L. Salomon, C. Seassal, X. Letartre, P. Rojo-Romeo, and P. Viktorovitch, “Near-field probing of active photonic-crystal structures,” Opt. Lett. 27(3), 173–175 (2002).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Vuckovic, J.

A. Faraon and J. Vuckovic, “Local temperature control of photonic crystal devices via micron-scale electrical heaters,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 95(4), 043102 (2009).
[CrossRef]

A. Faraon, D. Englund, D. Bulla, B. Luther-Davies, B. J. Eggleton, N. Stoltz, P. Petroff, and J. Vuckovic, “Local Tuning of Photonic Crystal Cavities Using Chalcogenide Glasses,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 92(4), 043123 (2008).
[CrossRef]

D. Englund, D. Fattal, E. Waks, G. Solomon, B. Zhang, T. Nakaoka, Y. Arakawa, Y. Yamamoto, and J. Vucković, “Controlling the spontaneous emission rate of single quantum dots in a two-dimensional photonic crystal,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 95(1), 013904 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

J. Vučković and Y. Yamamoto, “Photonic crystal microcavities for cavity quantum electrodynamics with a single quantum dotl,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 82(15), 2374 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Waks, E.

D. Englund, D. Fattal, E. Waks, G. Solomon, B. Zhang, T. Nakaoka, Y. Arakawa, Y. Yamamoto, and J. Vucković, “Controlling the spontaneous emission rate of single quantum dots in a two-dimensional photonic crystal,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 95(1), 013904 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Wehrspohn, R. B.

A. F. Koenderink, R. Wüest, B. C. Buchler, S. Richter, P. Strasser, M. Kafesaki, A. Rogach, R. B. Wehrspohn, C. M. Soukoulis, D. Erni, F. Robin, H. Jackel, and V. Sandoghdar, “Near-field optics and control of photonic crystals,” Photon. Nanostrut. 3(2-3), 63–74 (2005).
[CrossRef]

P. Kramper, M. Agio, C. M. Soukoulis, A. Birner, F. Müller, R. B. Wehrspohn, U. Gösele, and V. Sandoghdar, “Highly directional emission from photonic crystal waveguides of subwavelength width,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 92(11), 113903 (2004).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

P. Kramper, M. Kafesaki, C. M. Soukoulis, A. Birner, F. Müller, U. Gösele, R. B. Wehrspohn, J. Mlynek, and V. Sandoghdar, “Near-field visualization of light confinement in a photonic crystal microresonator,” Opt. Lett. 29(2), 174–176 (2004).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Wüest, R.

S. Mujumdar, A. F. Koenderink, R. Wüest, and V. Sandoghdar, “Nano-optomechanical characterization and manipulation of photonic crystals,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 13(2), 253–261 (2007).
[CrossRef]

A. F. Koenderink, R. Wüest, B. C. Buchler, S. Richter, P. Strasser, M. Kafesaki, A. Rogach, R. B. Wehrspohn, C. M. Soukoulis, D. Erni, F. Robin, H. Jackel, and V. Sandoghdar, “Near-field optics and control of photonic crystals,” Photon. Nanostrut. 3(2-3), 63–74 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Yamaguchi, M.

K. Kounoike, M. Yamaguchi, M. Fujita, T. Asano, J. Nakanishi, and S. Noda, “Investigation of spontaneous emission from quantum dots embedded in two-dimensional photonic-crystal slab,” Electron. Lett. 41(25), 1402 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Yamamoto, Y.

D. Englund, D. Fattal, E. Waks, G. Solomon, B. Zhang, T. Nakaoka, Y. Arakawa, Y. Yamamoto, and J. Vucković, “Controlling the spontaneous emission rate of single quantum dots in a two-dimensional photonic crystal,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 95(1), 013904 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

J. Vučković and Y. Yamamoto, “Photonic crystal microcavities for cavity quantum electrodynamics with a single quantum dotl,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 82(15), 2374 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Yoshie, T.

K. Okamoto, M. Loncar, T. Yoshie, A. Scherer, Y. Qiu, and P. Gogna, “Near-field scanning optical microscopy of photonic crystal nanocavities,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 82(11), 1676 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Zhang, B.

D. Englund, D. Fattal, E. Waks, G. Solomon, B. Zhang, T. Nakaoka, Y. Arakawa, Y. Yamamoto, and J. Vucković, “Controlling the spontaneous emission rate of single quantum dots in a two-dimensional photonic crystal,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 95(1), 013904 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Appl. Phys. Lett.

J. Vučković and Y. Yamamoto, “Photonic crystal microcavities for cavity quantum electrodynamics with a single quantum dotl,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 82(15), 2374 (2003).
[CrossRef]

K. Okamoto, M. Loncar, T. Yoshie, A. Scherer, Y. Qiu, and P. Gogna, “Near-field scanning optical microscopy of photonic crystal nanocavities,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 82(11), 1676 (2003).
[CrossRef]

A. Faraon and J. Vuckovic, “Local temperature control of photonic crystal devices via micron-scale electrical heaters,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 95(4), 043102 (2009).
[CrossRef]

A. Faraon, D. Englund, D. Bulla, B. Luther-Davies, B. J. Eggleton, N. Stoltz, P. Petroff, and J. Vuckovic, “Local Tuning of Photonic Crystal Cavities Using Chalcogenide Glasses,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 92(4), 043123 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Y.-S. Choi, M. T. Rakher, K. Henessy, S. Strauf, A. Badolato, P. M. Petroff, D. Bouwmeestern, and E. L. Lu, “Evolution of the onset of coherence in a family of photonic crystal nanolasers,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 91(3), 031108 (2007).
[CrossRef]

C. Monat, C. Seassal, X. Letartre, P. Regreny, P. Rojo Romeo, P. Viktorovitch, M Le Vassor d'Yerville, D Cassagne,, J. P Albert, E Jalaguier, S Pocas,, and B Aspar, “InP-based two-dimensionnal photonic crystal on silicon: InP-plane Bloch mode laser,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 81, 5102 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Electron. Lett.

K. Kounoike, M. Yamaguchi, M. Fujita, T. Asano, J. Nakanishi, and S. Noda, “Investigation of spontaneous emission from quantum dots embedded in two-dimensional photonic-crystal slab,” Electron. Lett. 41(25), 1402 (2005).
[CrossRef]

IEEE J. Quantum Electron.

D.-J. Shin, S.-H. Kim, J.-K. Hwang, H.-Y. Ryu, H.-G. Park, D.-S. Song, and Y.-H. Lee, “Far- and near-field investigations on the lasing modes intwo-dimensional photonic crystal slab lasers,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 38(7), 857–866 (2002).
[CrossRef]

S. Mujumdar, A. F. Koenderink, R. Wüest, and V. Sandoghdar, “Nano-optomechanical characterization and manipulation of photonic crystals,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 13(2), 253–261 (2007).
[CrossRef]

J. Appl. Phys.

C. Monat, C. Seassal, X. Letartre, P. Regreny, M. Gendry, P. Rojo Romeo, P. Viktorovitch, M Le Vassor d'Yerville, D Cassagne, J. P Albert, E Jalaguier, S Pocas, and B Aspar, “Two-dimensional hexagonal-shaped microcavities formed in a two-dimensional photonic crystal on an InP membrane,” J. Appl. Phys. 93(1), 23 (2003).
[CrossRef]

S.-H. Kim, G.-H. Kim, S.-K. Kim, H.-G. Park, Y.-H. Lee, and S.-B. Kim, “Characteristics of a stick waveguide resonator in a two-dimensional photonic crystal slab,” J. Appl. Phys. 95, 2 (2003).

J. Lightwave Technol.

Nature

Y. Akahane, T. Asano, B.-S. Song, and S. Noda, “High-Q photonic nanocavity in a two-dimensional photonic crystal,” Nature 425(6961), 944–947 (2003).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Opt. Express

Opt. Lett.

Photon. Nanostrut.

A. F. Koenderink, R. Wüest, B. C. Buchler, S. Richter, P. Strasser, M. Kafesaki, A. Rogach, R. B. Wehrspohn, C. M. Soukoulis, D. Erni, F. Robin, H. Jackel, and V. Sandoghdar, “Near-field optics and control of photonic crystals,” Photon. Nanostrut. 3(2-3), 63–74 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Phys. Rev. B

L. Lalouat, B. Cluzel, P. Velha, E. Picard, D. Peyrade, J. P. Hugonin, P. Lalanne, E. Hadji, and F. de Fornel, “Near-field interactions between a subwavelength tip and a small-volume photonic-crystal nanocavity,” Phys. Rev. B 76(4), 041102 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Phys. Rev. Lett.

D. Englund, D. Fattal, E. Waks, G. Solomon, B. Zhang, T. Nakaoka, Y. Arakawa, Y. Yamamoto, and J. Vucković, “Controlling the spontaneous emission rate of single quantum dots in a two-dimensional photonic crystal,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 95(1), 013904 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

N. Louvion, D. Gérard, J. Mouette, F. de Fornel, C. Seassal, X. Letartre, A. Rahmani, and S. Callard, “Local observation and spectroscopy of optical modes in an active photonic-crystal microcavity,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 94(11), 113907 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

P. Kramper, M. Agio, C. M. Soukoulis, A. Birner, F. Müller, R. B. Wehrspohn, U. Gösele, and V. Sandoghdar, “Highly directional emission from photonic crystal waveguides of subwavelength width,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 92(11), 113903 (2004).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

A. F. Koenderink, M. Kafesaki, B. C. Buchler, and V. Sandoghdar, “Controlling the resonance of a photonic crystal microcavity by a near-field probe,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 95(15), 153904 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Science

M. Fujita, S. Takahashi, Y. Tanaka, T. Asano, and S. Noda, “Simultaneous inhibition and redistribution of spontaneous light emission in photonic crystals,” Science 308(5726), 1296–1298 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

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Figures (7)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1

Views of the calculation domain (a) in the plane of the InP membrane (b) Perpendicular to the InP membrane

Fig. 2
Fig. 2

Horizontal cartography at the surface (z = 0) (a)Mode A: λ = 1444 nm Q = 1615 (b)Mode B: λ = 1483~nm Q = 1000 (c)Mode C: λ = 1517nm Q = 1550 (d)Mode D: λ = 1530~nm Q = 5800 (e) Vertical cross-section cartography of the mode D along the longitudinal axis of the cavity (f) Profile of the central lobe. White bar is 1.5 µm.

Fig. 3
Fig. 3

Simulations have been conducted for different horizontal positions of the tip (18 nm above the cavity): P0, P1, P2, P3, P4 and P5. P2, P4 and P5 include 2 vertical positions, labeled in or out which are 3 nm inside a hole and 18 nm above a hole, respectively.

Fig. 4
Fig. 4

Evolutions of (a) the resonance wavelength and (b) the relative induced losses depending on silica or silicon tip position obtained by numerical calculations

Fig. 5
Fig. 5

NSOM characterization with a silica tip of two structures (X and Y) with different parameters: structure X (a = 460 nm r = 112 nm) (a) topography and (b) optical signal of mode D at λ = 1576 nm, structure Y (a = 460 nm r = 105 nm) (c) topography and (d) optical signal of mode D at λ = 1584 nm.

Fig. 6
Fig. 6

Influence of NSOM silica tip position on the microcavity resonance wavelength. On the spectra, y axis represents the intensity with a logarithmic scale (a) Near-field spectra above the cavity with several tip position (b) Zoom on the peak at 1576 nm which has the highest intensity

Fig. 7
Fig. 7

Influence of NSOM Si-coated tip position on the microcavity resonance wavelength. On the spectra, y axis represents the intensity with a logarithmic scale (a) Near-field spectra above the cavity with several tip position (b) Zoom on the peak at 1578 nm which has the highest intensity

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