Abstract

CdSe/ZnS core-shell quantum dots have been embedded within microstructured polymer optical fibres. The emission properties of quantum dots within fibres have been explored to show that variation in concentration, sample length and pumping regimes effects the emission characteristics of these quantum dots.

© 2009 OSA

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References

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  1. P. Hoyer, “Semiconductor nanotube formation by a two-step template process,” Adv. Mater. 8(10), 857–859 (1996).
    [CrossRef]
  2. M. Tamborra, M. Striccoli, M. L. Curri, J. A. Alducin, D. Mecerreyes, J. A. Pomposo, N. Kehagias, V. Reboud, C. M. Sotomayor Torres, and A. Agostiano, “Nanocrystal-based luminescent composites for nanoimprinting lithography,” Small 3(5), 822–828 (2007).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  3. O. Ziemann, J. Krauser, P. E. Zamzow, and W. Daum, POF Handbook (Springer, 2008).
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    [CrossRef]
  5. M. C. J. Large, S. Ponrathnam, A. Argyros, N. S. Pujari, and F. Cox, “Solution doping of microstructured polymer optical fibres,” Opt. Express 12(9), 1966–1971 (2004).
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  7. H. C. Y. Yu, M. A. van Eijkelenborg, S. G. Leon-Saval, A. Argyros, and G. W. Barton, “Enhanced magneto-optical effect in cobalt nanoparticle-doped optical fiber,” Appl. Opt. 47(35), 6497–6501 (2008).
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    [CrossRef]
  9. R. Rossetti, S. Nakahara, and L. E. Brus, “Quantum size effects in the redox potentials, resonance Raman spectra, and electronic spectra of CdS crystallites in aqueous solution,” J. Chem. Phys. 79(2), 1086 (1983).
    [CrossRef]
  10. G. Yao, L. Wang, Y. Wu, J. Smith, J. Xu, W. Zhao, E. Lee, and W. Tan, “FloDots: luminescent nanoparticles,” Anal. Bioanal. Chem. 385(3), 518–524 (2006).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  11. M. A. van Eijkelenborg, M. C. J. Large, A. Argyros, J. Zagari, S. Manos, N. A. Issa, I. Bassett, S. Fleming, R. C. McPhedran, C. M. de Sterke, and N. A. P. Nicorovici, “Microstructured polymer optical fibre,” Opt. Express 9(7), 319–327 (2001).
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  12. A. Argyros, “Microstructured polymer optical fibres,” J. Lightwave Technol. 27(11), 1571–1579 (2009).
    [CrossRef]
  13. M. C. J. Large, and L. Poladian, G. W. Barton, M. A. van Eijkelenborg, Microstructured Polymer Optical Fibres, Springer 2007.
  14. P. R. Watekar, H. Yang, S. Ju, and W.-T. Han, “Enhanced current sensitivity in the optical fiber doped with CdSe quantum dots,” Opt. Express 17(5), 3157–3164 (2009).
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    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  16. P. A. S. Jorge, M. Mayeh, R. Benrashid, P. Caldas, J. L. Santos, and F. Farahi, “Applications of quantum dots in optical fiber luminescent oxygen sensors,” Appl. Opt. 45(16), 3760–3767 (2006).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  17. G. de Bastida, F. J. Arregui, J. Goicoechea, and I. R. Matias, “Quantum dots-based optical fiber temperature sensors fabricated by layer-by-layer,” IEEE Sens. J. 6(6), 1378–1379 (2006).
    [CrossRef]
  18. Evident Technologies- Nanomaterials Catalog V7, September (2005).
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    [CrossRef] [PubMed]

2009

2008

2007

H. C. Y. Yu, A. Argyros, G. Barton, M. A. van Eijkelenborg, C. Barbe, K. Finnie, L. Kong, F. Ladouceur, and S. McNiven, “Quantum dot and silica nanoparticle doped polymer optical fibers,” Opt. Express 15(16), 9989–9994 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

M. Tamborra, M. Striccoli, M. L. Curri, J. A. Alducin, D. Mecerreyes, J. A. Pomposo, N. Kehagias, V. Reboud, C. M. Sotomayor Torres, and A. Agostiano, “Nanocrystal-based luminescent composites for nanoimprinting lithography,” Small 3(5), 822–828 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

S. Gross, D. Camozzo, V. Di Noto, L. Armelao, and E. Tondello, “PMMA: A key macromolecular component for dielectric low-κ hybrid inorganic–organic polymer films,” Eur. Polym. J. 43(3), 673–696 (2007).
[CrossRef]

2006

G. Yao, L. Wang, Y. Wu, J. Smith, J. Xu, W. Zhao, E. Lee, and W. Tan, “FloDots: luminescent nanoparticles,” Anal. Bioanal. Chem. 385(3), 518–524 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

G. de Bastida, F. J. Arregui, J. Goicoechea, and I. R. Matias, “Quantum dots-based optical fiber temperature sensors fabricated by layer-by-layer,” IEEE Sens. J. 6(6), 1378–1379 (2006).
[CrossRef]

P. A. S. Jorge, M. Mayeh, R. Benrashid, P. Caldas, J. L. Santos, and F. Farahi, “Applications of quantum dots in optical fiber luminescent oxygen sensors,” Appl. Opt. 45(16), 3760–3767 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

2005

S. Aoyagi and M. Kudo, “Development of fluorescence change-based, reagent-less optic immunosensor,” Biosens. Bioelectron. 20(8), 1680–1684 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

2004

2001

2000

K. Kuriki, T. Kobayashi, N. Imai, T. Tamura, S. Nishihara, A. Tagaya, Y. Koike, and Y. Okamoto, “Fabrication and properties of polymer optical fibers containing Nd-Chelate,” IEEE Photonic Tech. L. 12(8), 989–991 (2000).
[CrossRef]

1996

P. Hoyer, “Semiconductor nanotube formation by a two-step template process,” Adv. Mater. 8(10), 857–859 (1996).
[CrossRef]

1983

R. Rossetti, S. Nakahara, and L. E. Brus, “Quantum size effects in the redox potentials, resonance Raman spectra, and electronic spectra of CdS crystallites in aqueous solution,” J. Chem. Phys. 79(2), 1086 (1983).
[CrossRef]

Agostiano, A.

M. Tamborra, M. Striccoli, M. L. Curri, J. A. Alducin, D. Mecerreyes, J. A. Pomposo, N. Kehagias, V. Reboud, C. M. Sotomayor Torres, and A. Agostiano, “Nanocrystal-based luminescent composites for nanoimprinting lithography,” Small 3(5), 822–828 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Alducin, J. A.

M. Tamborra, M. Striccoli, M. L. Curri, J. A. Alducin, D. Mecerreyes, J. A. Pomposo, N. Kehagias, V. Reboud, C. M. Sotomayor Torres, and A. Agostiano, “Nanocrystal-based luminescent composites for nanoimprinting lithography,” Small 3(5), 822–828 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Aoyagi, S.

S. Aoyagi and M. Kudo, “Development of fluorescence change-based, reagent-less optic immunosensor,” Biosens. Bioelectron. 20(8), 1680–1684 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Argyros, A.

Armelao, L.

S. Gross, D. Camozzo, V. Di Noto, L. Armelao, and E. Tondello, “PMMA: A key macromolecular component for dielectric low-κ hybrid inorganic–organic polymer films,” Eur. Polym. J. 43(3), 673–696 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Arregui, F. J.

G. de Bastida, F. J. Arregui, J. Goicoechea, and I. R. Matias, “Quantum dots-based optical fiber temperature sensors fabricated by layer-by-layer,” IEEE Sens. J. 6(6), 1378–1379 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Barbe, C.

Barton, G.

Barton, G. W.

Bassett, I.

Benrashid, R.

Brus, L. E.

R. Rossetti, S. Nakahara, and L. E. Brus, “Quantum size effects in the redox potentials, resonance Raman spectra, and electronic spectra of CdS crystallites in aqueous solution,” J. Chem. Phys. 79(2), 1086 (1983).
[CrossRef]

Caldas, P.

Camozzo, D.

S. Gross, D. Camozzo, V. Di Noto, L. Armelao, and E. Tondello, “PMMA: A key macromolecular component for dielectric low-κ hybrid inorganic–organic polymer films,” Eur. Polym. J. 43(3), 673–696 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Cox, F.

Curri, M. L.

M. Tamborra, M. Striccoli, M. L. Curri, J. A. Alducin, D. Mecerreyes, J. A. Pomposo, N. Kehagias, V. Reboud, C. M. Sotomayor Torres, and A. Agostiano, “Nanocrystal-based luminescent composites for nanoimprinting lithography,” Small 3(5), 822–828 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

de Bastida, G.

G. de Bastida, F. J. Arregui, J. Goicoechea, and I. R. Matias, “Quantum dots-based optical fiber temperature sensors fabricated by layer-by-layer,” IEEE Sens. J. 6(6), 1378–1379 (2006).
[CrossRef]

de Sterke, C. M.

Di Noto, V.

S. Gross, D. Camozzo, V. Di Noto, L. Armelao, and E. Tondello, “PMMA: A key macromolecular component for dielectric low-κ hybrid inorganic–organic polymer films,” Eur. Polym. J. 43(3), 673–696 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Farahi, F.

Finnie, K.

Fleming, S.

Goicoechea, J.

G. de Bastida, F. J. Arregui, J. Goicoechea, and I. R. Matias, “Quantum dots-based optical fiber temperature sensors fabricated by layer-by-layer,” IEEE Sens. J. 6(6), 1378–1379 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Gross, S.

S. Gross, D. Camozzo, V. Di Noto, L. Armelao, and E. Tondello, “PMMA: A key macromolecular component for dielectric low-κ hybrid inorganic–organic polymer films,” Eur. Polym. J. 43(3), 673–696 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Han, W.-T.

Hoyer, P.

P. Hoyer, “Semiconductor nanotube formation by a two-step template process,” Adv. Mater. 8(10), 857–859 (1996).
[CrossRef]

Imai, N.

K. Kuriki, T. Kobayashi, N. Imai, T. Tamura, S. Nishihara, A. Tagaya, Y. Koike, and Y. Okamoto, “Fabrication and properties of polymer optical fibers containing Nd-Chelate,” IEEE Photonic Tech. L. 12(8), 989–991 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Issa, N.

Issa, N. A.

Jorge, P. A. S.

Ju, S.

Kehagias, N.

M. Tamborra, M. Striccoli, M. L. Curri, J. A. Alducin, D. Mecerreyes, J. A. Pomposo, N. Kehagias, V. Reboud, C. M. Sotomayor Torres, and A. Agostiano, “Nanocrystal-based luminescent composites for nanoimprinting lithography,” Small 3(5), 822–828 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Kobayashi, T.

K. Kuriki, T. Kobayashi, N. Imai, T. Tamura, S. Nishihara, A. Tagaya, Y. Koike, and Y. Okamoto, “Fabrication and properties of polymer optical fibers containing Nd-Chelate,” IEEE Photonic Tech. L. 12(8), 989–991 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Koike, Y.

K. Kuriki, T. Kobayashi, N. Imai, T. Tamura, S. Nishihara, A. Tagaya, Y. Koike, and Y. Okamoto, “Fabrication and properties of polymer optical fibers containing Nd-Chelate,” IEEE Photonic Tech. L. 12(8), 989–991 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Kong, L.

Kudo, M.

S. Aoyagi and M. Kudo, “Development of fluorescence change-based, reagent-less optic immunosensor,” Biosens. Bioelectron. 20(8), 1680–1684 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Kuriki, K.

K. Kuriki, T. Kobayashi, N. Imai, T. Tamura, S. Nishihara, A. Tagaya, Y. Koike, and Y. Okamoto, “Fabrication and properties of polymer optical fibers containing Nd-Chelate,” IEEE Photonic Tech. L. 12(8), 989–991 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Ladouceur, F.

Large, M. C. J.

Lee, E.

G. Yao, L. Wang, Y. Wu, J. Smith, J. Xu, W. Zhao, E. Lee, and W. Tan, “FloDots: luminescent nanoparticles,” Anal. Bioanal. Chem. 385(3), 518–524 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Leon-Saval, S. G.

Manos, S.

Matias, I. R.

G. de Bastida, F. J. Arregui, J. Goicoechea, and I. R. Matias, “Quantum dots-based optical fiber temperature sensors fabricated by layer-by-layer,” IEEE Sens. J. 6(6), 1378–1379 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Mayeh, M.

McNiven, S.

McPhedran, R. C.

Mecerreyes, D.

M. Tamborra, M. Striccoli, M. L. Curri, J. A. Alducin, D. Mecerreyes, J. A. Pomposo, N. Kehagias, V. Reboud, C. M. Sotomayor Torres, and A. Agostiano, “Nanocrystal-based luminescent composites for nanoimprinting lithography,” Small 3(5), 822–828 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Nakahara, S.

R. Rossetti, S. Nakahara, and L. E. Brus, “Quantum size effects in the redox potentials, resonance Raman spectra, and electronic spectra of CdS crystallites in aqueous solution,” J. Chem. Phys. 79(2), 1086 (1983).
[CrossRef]

Nicorovici, N. A. P.

Nishihara, S.

K. Kuriki, T. Kobayashi, N. Imai, T. Tamura, S. Nishihara, A. Tagaya, Y. Koike, and Y. Okamoto, “Fabrication and properties of polymer optical fibers containing Nd-Chelate,” IEEE Photonic Tech. L. 12(8), 989–991 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Okamoto, Y.

K. Kuriki, T. Kobayashi, N. Imai, T. Tamura, S. Nishihara, A. Tagaya, Y. Koike, and Y. Okamoto, “Fabrication and properties of polymer optical fibers containing Nd-Chelate,” IEEE Photonic Tech. L. 12(8), 989–991 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Padden, W.

Pomposo, J. A.

M. Tamborra, M. Striccoli, M. L. Curri, J. A. Alducin, D. Mecerreyes, J. A. Pomposo, N. Kehagias, V. Reboud, C. M. Sotomayor Torres, and A. Agostiano, “Nanocrystal-based luminescent composites for nanoimprinting lithography,” Small 3(5), 822–828 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Ponrathnam, S.

Pujari, N. S.

Reboud, V.

M. Tamborra, M. Striccoli, M. L. Curri, J. A. Alducin, D. Mecerreyes, J. A. Pomposo, N. Kehagias, V. Reboud, C. M. Sotomayor Torres, and A. Agostiano, “Nanocrystal-based luminescent composites for nanoimprinting lithography,” Small 3(5), 822–828 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Rossetti, R.

R. Rossetti, S. Nakahara, and L. E. Brus, “Quantum size effects in the redox potentials, resonance Raman spectra, and electronic spectra of CdS crystallites in aqueous solution,” J. Chem. Phys. 79(2), 1086 (1983).
[CrossRef]

Santos, J. L.

Smith, J.

G. Yao, L. Wang, Y. Wu, J. Smith, J. Xu, W. Zhao, E. Lee, and W. Tan, “FloDots: luminescent nanoparticles,” Anal. Bioanal. Chem. 385(3), 518–524 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Sotomayor Torres, C. M.

M. Tamborra, M. Striccoli, M. L. Curri, J. A. Alducin, D. Mecerreyes, J. A. Pomposo, N. Kehagias, V. Reboud, C. M. Sotomayor Torres, and A. Agostiano, “Nanocrystal-based luminescent composites for nanoimprinting lithography,” Small 3(5), 822–828 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Striccoli, M.

M. Tamborra, M. Striccoli, M. L. Curri, J. A. Alducin, D. Mecerreyes, J. A. Pomposo, N. Kehagias, V. Reboud, C. M. Sotomayor Torres, and A. Agostiano, “Nanocrystal-based luminescent composites for nanoimprinting lithography,” Small 3(5), 822–828 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Tagaya, A.

K. Kuriki, T. Kobayashi, N. Imai, T. Tamura, S. Nishihara, A. Tagaya, Y. Koike, and Y. Okamoto, “Fabrication and properties of polymer optical fibers containing Nd-Chelate,” IEEE Photonic Tech. L. 12(8), 989–991 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Tamborra, M.

M. Tamborra, M. Striccoli, M. L. Curri, J. A. Alducin, D. Mecerreyes, J. A. Pomposo, N. Kehagias, V. Reboud, C. M. Sotomayor Torres, and A. Agostiano, “Nanocrystal-based luminescent composites for nanoimprinting lithography,” Small 3(5), 822–828 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Tamura, T.

K. Kuriki, T. Kobayashi, N. Imai, T. Tamura, S. Nishihara, A. Tagaya, Y. Koike, and Y. Okamoto, “Fabrication and properties of polymer optical fibers containing Nd-Chelate,” IEEE Photonic Tech. L. 12(8), 989–991 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Tan, W.

G. Yao, L. Wang, Y. Wu, J. Smith, J. Xu, W. Zhao, E. Lee, and W. Tan, “FloDots: luminescent nanoparticles,” Anal. Bioanal. Chem. 385(3), 518–524 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Tondello, E.

S. Gross, D. Camozzo, V. Di Noto, L. Armelao, and E. Tondello, “PMMA: A key macromolecular component for dielectric low-κ hybrid inorganic–organic polymer films,” Eur. Polym. J. 43(3), 673–696 (2007).
[CrossRef]

van Eijkelenborg, M. A.

Wang, L.

G. Yao, L. Wang, Y. Wu, J. Smith, J. Xu, W. Zhao, E. Lee, and W. Tan, “FloDots: luminescent nanoparticles,” Anal. Bioanal. Chem. 385(3), 518–524 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Watekar, P. R.

Wu, Y.

G. Yao, L. Wang, Y. Wu, J. Smith, J. Xu, W. Zhao, E. Lee, and W. Tan, “FloDots: luminescent nanoparticles,” Anal. Bioanal. Chem. 385(3), 518–524 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Xu, J.

G. Yao, L. Wang, Y. Wu, J. Smith, J. Xu, W. Zhao, E. Lee, and W. Tan, “FloDots: luminescent nanoparticles,” Anal. Bioanal. Chem. 385(3), 518–524 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Yang, H.

Yao, G.

G. Yao, L. Wang, Y. Wu, J. Smith, J. Xu, W. Zhao, E. Lee, and W. Tan, “FloDots: luminescent nanoparticles,” Anal. Bioanal. Chem. 385(3), 518–524 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Yu, H. C. Y.

Zagari, J.

Zhao, W.

G. Yao, L. Wang, Y. Wu, J. Smith, J. Xu, W. Zhao, E. Lee, and W. Tan, “FloDots: luminescent nanoparticles,” Anal. Bioanal. Chem. 385(3), 518–524 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Adv. Mater.

P. Hoyer, “Semiconductor nanotube formation by a two-step template process,” Adv. Mater. 8(10), 857–859 (1996).
[CrossRef]

Anal. Bioanal. Chem.

G. Yao, L. Wang, Y. Wu, J. Smith, J. Xu, W. Zhao, E. Lee, and W. Tan, “FloDots: luminescent nanoparticles,” Anal. Bioanal. Chem. 385(3), 518–524 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Appl. Opt.

Biosens. Bioelectron.

S. Aoyagi and M. Kudo, “Development of fluorescence change-based, reagent-less optic immunosensor,” Biosens. Bioelectron. 20(8), 1680–1684 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Eur. Polym. J.

S. Gross, D. Camozzo, V. Di Noto, L. Armelao, and E. Tondello, “PMMA: A key macromolecular component for dielectric low-κ hybrid inorganic–organic polymer films,” Eur. Polym. J. 43(3), 673–696 (2007).
[CrossRef]

IEEE Photonic Tech. L.

K. Kuriki, T. Kobayashi, N. Imai, T. Tamura, S. Nishihara, A. Tagaya, Y. Koike, and Y. Okamoto, “Fabrication and properties of polymer optical fibers containing Nd-Chelate,” IEEE Photonic Tech. L. 12(8), 989–991 (2000).
[CrossRef]

IEEE Sens. J.

G. de Bastida, F. J. Arregui, J. Goicoechea, and I. R. Matias, “Quantum dots-based optical fiber temperature sensors fabricated by layer-by-layer,” IEEE Sens. J. 6(6), 1378–1379 (2006).
[CrossRef]

J. Chem. Phys.

R. Rossetti, S. Nakahara, and L. E. Brus, “Quantum size effects in the redox potentials, resonance Raman spectra, and electronic spectra of CdS crystallites in aqueous solution,” J. Chem. Phys. 79(2), 1086 (1983).
[CrossRef]

J. Lightwave Technol.

Opt. Express

Small

M. Tamborra, M. Striccoli, M. L. Curri, J. A. Alducin, D. Mecerreyes, J. A. Pomposo, N. Kehagias, V. Reboud, C. M. Sotomayor Torres, and A. Agostiano, “Nanocrystal-based luminescent composites for nanoimprinting lithography,” Small 3(5), 822–828 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Other

O. Ziemann, J. Krauser, P. E. Zamzow, and W. Daum, POF Handbook (Springer, 2008).

Evident Technologies- Nanomaterials Catalog V7, September (2005).

M. C. J. Large, and L. Poladian, G. W. Barton, M. A. van Eijkelenborg, Microstructured Polymer Optical Fibres, Springer 2007.

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Figures (6)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1

(A) shows the emission for a rod fabricated with doped powder containing damaged QD from excessive grinding; (B) shows the emissions for a rod where the doped powder underwent gentle grinding; (C) show the emission from a doped powder before any subsequent grinding. The change in emission peak is due to different sample thickness. The QDs used were Cd/Se core, Zn/S shell dots with peak emission at 620 nm (in toluene).

Fig. 2
Fig. 2

The QD-doped rod was inserted into the centre of the microstructured cladding to form a preform that was drawn to fibre.

Fig. 3
Fig. 3

QD-doped, high NA fibres. (A) 620 nm emission QD at 0.0145 wt %; (B) 620 nm emission QD at 0.025 wt %; (C) 520 nm emission QD at 0.1 wt %; (D) 520 nm emission QD at 0.2 wt %. The cracks are due to the fibre cleaving process and do not traverse the length of the fibre.

Fig. 4
Fig. 4

Peak emission of 520 nm QD-doped fibres (4 cm length) pumped with a femtosecond laser as a function of dopant concentration. The insert shows the overlap of the absorption (A) and emission (B) spectra.

Fig. 5
Fig. 5

Peak emission of 520 nm QD-doped fibres (0.2 wt %) pumped with a femtosecond laser as a function of fibre length.

Fig. 6
Fig. 6

Peak emission wavelength as a function of average pump power using a femtosecond pulsed laser (a). An increasing pump power resulting in a decrease in peak wavelength is a known characteristic of a saturable absorber. This interpretation is confirmed by the FWHM increasing with average pump power (b).

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