Abstract

An integral imaging system enabling extended depth of field was proposed and demonstrated based on a birefringence lens array (BLA) whose focal length was switched via the light polarization. The lens array system was constructed by combining two different liquid crystal(LC) embedded lens arrays, BLA I and II, which were fabricated by injecting a ZLI-4119 LC and an E-7 LC in between a lens array substrate and an ITO (indium-tin-oxide) glass plate respectively. The BLA I played a role as a convex lens only for the polarization parallel to the ordinary axis of the corresponding LC, but it serves as a plain medium for that along its extraordinary one since the refractive indexes of the lens and the LC are almost identical. Meanwhile, the BLA II played a role as a concave lens only for the polarization parallel to the extraordinary axis of the LC but as a plain medium for that along its ordinary one. As a result, the focal length could be switched via the polarization, and it was measured to be 680 mm and −29 mm. For the proposed system with the prepared BLAs, both real and virtual three-dimensional (3D) images were efficiently reconstructed at the positions of z=1300 mm and z=−30 mm with no significant degradation in the resolution, indicating its depth of field range.

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2007 (3)

Y. S. Hwang, S. Hong, and B. Javidi, “Free view 3D visualization of occluded objects by using computational synthetic aperture integral imaging,” IEEE/OSA J. Disp. Tech. 3(1), 64–70 (2007).
[CrossRef]

J. Lee, S. Kim, and E. Kim, “Reconstruction of a three-dimensional object and system analysis using ray tracing in practical integral imaging system,” Proc. SPIE 6695, 669519–669527 (2007).

Y. Kim, H. Choi, J. Kim, S.-W. Cho, Y. Kim, G. Park, and B. Lee, “Depth-enhanced integral imaging display system with electrically variable image planes using polymer-dispersed liquid-crystal layers,” Appl. Opt. 46(18), 3766–3773 (2007).
[CrossRef]

2006 (3)

2004 (1)

2003 (2)

J. Park, S. Jung, H. Choi, and B. Lee, “Integral imaging with multiple image planes using a uniaxial crystal plate,” Opt. Express 11, 1862–1875 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Y. S. Hwang, T. H. Yoon, and J. C. Kim, “Design and fabrication of variable focusing lens arrays using liquid crystal for integral photography,” Jpn. J. Appl. Phys. 42(Part 1, No. 10), 6434–6438 (2003).
[CrossRef]

2002 (2)

2001 (1)

1999 (1)

F. Okano, J. Arai, H. Hoshino, and I. Yuyama, “Three-dimensional video system based on integral photography,” Opt. Eng. 38(6), 1072–1077 (1999).
[CrossRef]

1998 (1)

1968 (1)

1908 (1)

G. Lippmann, “La photographic intergrale,” C. R. Acad. Sci. 146, 446–451 (1908).

Arai, J.

F. Okano, J. Arai, H. Hoshino, and I. Yuyama, “Three-dimensional video system based on integral photography,” Opt. Eng. 38(6), 1072–1077 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Arimoto, H.

Burckhardt, C. B.

Cho, S. W.

Cho, S.-W.

Choi, H.

Frauel, Y.

Hong, S.

Y. S. Hwang, S. Hong, and B. Javidi, “Free view 3D visualization of occluded objects by using computational synthetic aperture integral imaging,” IEEE/OSA J. Disp. Tech. 3(1), 64–70 (2007).
[CrossRef]

S. Hong, J.-S. Jang, and B. Javidi, “Three-dimensional volumetric object reconstruction using computational integral imaging,” Opt. Express 12(3), 483–491 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Hong, S. H.

Hoshino, H.

F. Okano, J. Arai, H. Hoshino, and I. Yuyama, “Three-dimensional video system based on integral photography,” Opt. Eng. 38(6), 1072–1077 (1999).
[CrossRef]

H. Hoshino, F. Okano, H. Isono, and I. Yuyama, “Analysis of resolution limitation of integral photography,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. A 15(8), 2059–2065 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Hwang, Y. S.

Y. S. Hwang, S. Hong, and B. Javidi, “Free view 3D visualization of occluded objects by using computational synthetic aperture integral imaging,” IEEE/OSA J. Disp. Tech. 3(1), 64–70 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Y. S. Hwang, T. H. Yoon, and J. C. Kim, “Design and fabrication of variable focusing lens arrays using liquid crystal for integral photography,” Jpn. J. Appl. Phys. 42(Part 1, No. 10), 6434–6438 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Isono, H.

Jang, J.-S.

Javidi, B.

Jung, S.

Kim, E.

J. Lee, S. Kim, and E. Kim, “Reconstruction of a three-dimensional object and system analysis using ray tracing in practical integral imaging system,” Proc. SPIE 6695, 669519–669527 (2007).

Kim, J.

Kim, J. C.

Y. S. Hwang, T. H. Yoon, and J. C. Kim, “Design and fabrication of variable focusing lens arrays using liquid crystal for integral photography,” Jpn. J. Appl. Phys. 42(Part 1, No. 10), 6434–6438 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Kim, S.

J. Lee, S. Kim, and E. Kim, “Reconstruction of a three-dimensional object and system analysis using ray tracing in practical integral imaging system,” Proc. SPIE 6695, 669519–669527 (2007).

Kim, Y.

Lee, B.

Lee, J.

J. Lee, S. Kim, and E. Kim, “Reconstruction of a three-dimensional object and system analysis using ray tracing in practical integral imaging system,” Proc. SPIE 6695, 669519–669527 (2007).

Lippmann, G.

G. Lippmann, “La photographic intergrale,” C. R. Acad. Sci. 146, 446–451 (1908).

Okano, F.

F. Okano, J. Arai, H. Hoshino, and I. Yuyama, “Three-dimensional video system based on integral photography,” Opt. Eng. 38(6), 1072–1077 (1999).
[CrossRef]

H. Hoshino, F. Okano, H. Isono, and I. Yuyama, “Analysis of resolution limitation of integral photography,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. A 15(8), 2059–2065 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Park, G.

Park, J.

Park, J. H.

Ponce-Díaz, R.

Yoon, T. H.

Y. S. Hwang, T. H. Yoon, and J. C. Kim, “Design and fabrication of variable focusing lens arrays using liquid crystal for integral photography,” Jpn. J. Appl. Phys. 42(Part 1, No. 10), 6434–6438 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Yuyama, I.

F. Okano, J. Arai, H. Hoshino, and I. Yuyama, “Three-dimensional video system based on integral photography,” Opt. Eng. 38(6), 1072–1077 (1999).
[CrossRef]

H. Hoshino, F. Okano, H. Isono, and I. Yuyama, “Analysis of resolution limitation of integral photography,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. A 15(8), 2059–2065 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Appl. Opt. (3)

C. R. Acad. Sci. (1)

G. Lippmann, “La photographic intergrale,” C. R. Acad. Sci. 146, 446–451 (1908).

IEEE/OSA J. Disp. Tech. (1)

Y. S. Hwang, S. Hong, and B. Javidi, “Free view 3D visualization of occluded objects by using computational synthetic aperture integral imaging,” IEEE/OSA J. Disp. Tech. 3(1), 64–70 (2007).
[CrossRef]

J. Opt. Soc. Am. (1)

J. Opt. Soc. Am. A (1)

Jpn. J. Appl. Phys. (1)

Y. S. Hwang, T. H. Yoon, and J. C. Kim, “Design and fabrication of variable focusing lens arrays using liquid crystal for integral photography,” Jpn. J. Appl. Phys. 42(Part 1, No. 10), 6434–6438 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Opt. Eng. (1)

F. Okano, J. Arai, H. Hoshino, and I. Yuyama, “Three-dimensional video system based on integral photography,” Opt. Eng. 38(6), 1072–1077 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Opt. Express (3)

Opt. Lett. (3)

Proc. SPIE (1)

J. Lee, S. Kim, and E. Kim, “Reconstruction of a three-dimensional object and system analysis using ray tracing in practical integral imaging system,” Proc. SPIE 6695, 669519–669527 (2007).

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