Abstract

Spectral requirements for the first stage OPO used to pump a tandem ZGP mid-infrared OPO are theoretically investigated. Based on these requirements we demonstrate a singly-resonant type-I OPO including periodically poled KTiOPO4 and volume-Bragg gratings as output couplers. Singly resonant oscillation is demonstrated very close to degeneracy, where signal and idler spectra are not well separated. Investigations of the longitudinal mode spectrum and the idler spectrum with high resolution using a scanning Fabry-Perot interferometer show the essential role played by the phase correlations of the multi-longitudinal mode Q-switched pump laser in formation of the nonresonant idler spectrum.

© 2009 OSA

Full Article  |  PDF Article

References

  • View by:
  • |
  • |
  • |

  1. S. Haidar, K. Miyamoto, and H. Ito, “Generation of tunable mid-IR (5.5-9.3 µm) from a 2 µm pumped ZnGeP2 optical parametric oscillator,” Opt. Commun. 241(1–3), 173–178 (2004).
    [CrossRef]
  2. K. L. Vodopyanov, O. Levi, P. S. Kuo, T. J. Pinguet, J. S. Harris, M. M. Fejer, B. Gerard, L. Becouarn, and E. Lallier, “Optical parametric oscillation in quasi-phase-matched GaAs,” Opt. Lett. 29(16), 1912–1914 (2004).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  3. S. Brosnan and R. Byer, “Optical Parametric Oscillator Threshold and Linewidth Studies,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 15(6), 415–431 (1979).
    [CrossRef]
  4. P. Schlup, G. W. Baxter, and I. T. McKinnie, “Single-mode near- and mid-infrared periodically poled lithium niobate optical parametric oscillator,” Opt. Commun. 176(1–3), 267–271 (2000).
    [CrossRef]
  5. B. Jacobsson, M. Tiihonen, V. Pasiskevicius, and F. Laurell, “Narrowband bulk Bragg grating optical parametric oscillator,” Opt. Lett. 30(17), 2281–2283 (2005).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  6. M. Henriksson, L. Sjoqvist, V. Pasiskevicius, and F. Laurell, “Narrow linewidth 2 µm optical parametric oscillation in periodically poled LiNbO3 with volume Bragg grating outcoupler,” Appl. Phys. B 86(3), 497–501 (2007).
    [CrossRef]
  7. M. Henriksson, M. Tiihonen, V. Pasiskevicius, and F. Laurell, “ZnGeP2 Parametric Oscillator Pumped by a Linewidth Narrowed Parametric 2 µm Source,” Opt. Lett. , 31(12), 1878–1880 (2006).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  8. M. Henriksson, M. Tiihonen, V. Pasiskevicius, and F. Laurell, “Mid-infrared ZGP OPO pumped by near-degenerate narrowband type-I PPKTP parametric oscillator,” Appl. Phys. B 88(1), 37–41 (2007).
    [CrossRef]
  9. M. Henriksson, L. Sjoqvist, V. Pasiskevicius, and F. Laurell, “Tandem PPKTP and ZGP OPO for mid-infrared generation,” Proc. SPIE 7115, 71150O (2008).
    [CrossRef]
  10. G. Arisholm, G. Rustad, and K. Stenersen, “Importance of pump-beam group velocity for backconversion in optical parametric oscillators,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 18(12), 1882–1890 (2001).
    [CrossRef]
  11. G. Arisholm, “Quantum noise initiation and macroscopic fluctuations in optical parametric oscillators,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 16(1), 117–127 (1999).
    [CrossRef]
  12. M. Imai, Y. Ohtsuka, and S. Satoh, “Spatial coherence analysis of light propagation in optical fibers by interferometric methods,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. A 3(7), 1059–1064 (1986).
    [CrossRef]
  13. H. Kogelnik, “Coupled wave theory for thick hologram gratings,” Bell Syst. Tech. J. 48, 2909–2947 (1969).
  14. G. Anstett and R. Wallenstein, “Experimental investigation of the spectro-temporal dynamics of the light pulses of Q-switched Nd:YAG lasers and nanosecond optical parametric oscillators,” Appl. Phys. B , 79(7), 827–836 (2004).
    [CrossRef]
  15. P. N. Butcher, and D. Cotter, The elements of nonlinear optics, (Cambridge, 1990).

2008 (1)

M. Henriksson, L. Sjoqvist, V. Pasiskevicius, and F. Laurell, “Tandem PPKTP and ZGP OPO for mid-infrared generation,” Proc. SPIE 7115, 71150O (2008).
[CrossRef]

2007 (2)

M. Henriksson, L. Sjoqvist, V. Pasiskevicius, and F. Laurell, “Narrow linewidth 2 µm optical parametric oscillation in periodically poled LiNbO3 with volume Bragg grating outcoupler,” Appl. Phys. B 86(3), 497–501 (2007).
[CrossRef]

M. Henriksson, M. Tiihonen, V. Pasiskevicius, and F. Laurell, “Mid-infrared ZGP OPO pumped by near-degenerate narrowband type-I PPKTP parametric oscillator,” Appl. Phys. B 88(1), 37–41 (2007).
[CrossRef]

2006 (1)

2005 (1)

2004 (3)

K. L. Vodopyanov, O. Levi, P. S. Kuo, T. J. Pinguet, J. S. Harris, M. M. Fejer, B. Gerard, L. Becouarn, and E. Lallier, “Optical parametric oscillation in quasi-phase-matched GaAs,” Opt. Lett. 29(16), 1912–1914 (2004).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

S. Haidar, K. Miyamoto, and H. Ito, “Generation of tunable mid-IR (5.5-9.3 µm) from a 2 µm pumped ZnGeP2 optical parametric oscillator,” Opt. Commun. 241(1–3), 173–178 (2004).
[CrossRef]

G. Anstett and R. Wallenstein, “Experimental investigation of the spectro-temporal dynamics of the light pulses of Q-switched Nd:YAG lasers and nanosecond optical parametric oscillators,” Appl. Phys. B , 79(7), 827–836 (2004).
[CrossRef]

2001 (1)

2000 (1)

P. Schlup, G. W. Baxter, and I. T. McKinnie, “Single-mode near- and mid-infrared periodically poled lithium niobate optical parametric oscillator,” Opt. Commun. 176(1–3), 267–271 (2000).
[CrossRef]

1999 (1)

1986 (1)

1979 (1)

S. Brosnan and R. Byer, “Optical Parametric Oscillator Threshold and Linewidth Studies,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 15(6), 415–431 (1979).
[CrossRef]

1969 (1)

H. Kogelnik, “Coupled wave theory for thick hologram gratings,” Bell Syst. Tech. J. 48, 2909–2947 (1969).

Anstett, G.

G. Anstett and R. Wallenstein, “Experimental investigation of the spectro-temporal dynamics of the light pulses of Q-switched Nd:YAG lasers and nanosecond optical parametric oscillators,” Appl. Phys. B , 79(7), 827–836 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Arisholm, G.

Baxter, G. W.

P. Schlup, G. W. Baxter, and I. T. McKinnie, “Single-mode near- and mid-infrared periodically poled lithium niobate optical parametric oscillator,” Opt. Commun. 176(1–3), 267–271 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Becouarn, L.

Brosnan, S.

S. Brosnan and R. Byer, “Optical Parametric Oscillator Threshold and Linewidth Studies,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 15(6), 415–431 (1979).
[CrossRef]

Byer, R.

S. Brosnan and R. Byer, “Optical Parametric Oscillator Threshold and Linewidth Studies,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 15(6), 415–431 (1979).
[CrossRef]

Fejer, M. M.

Gerard, B.

Haidar, S.

S. Haidar, K. Miyamoto, and H. Ito, “Generation of tunable mid-IR (5.5-9.3 µm) from a 2 µm pumped ZnGeP2 optical parametric oscillator,” Opt. Commun. 241(1–3), 173–178 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Harris, J. S.

Henriksson, M.

M. Henriksson, L. Sjoqvist, V. Pasiskevicius, and F. Laurell, “Tandem PPKTP and ZGP OPO for mid-infrared generation,” Proc. SPIE 7115, 71150O (2008).
[CrossRef]

M. Henriksson, M. Tiihonen, V. Pasiskevicius, and F. Laurell, “Mid-infrared ZGP OPO pumped by near-degenerate narrowband type-I PPKTP parametric oscillator,” Appl. Phys. B 88(1), 37–41 (2007).
[CrossRef]

M. Henriksson, L. Sjoqvist, V. Pasiskevicius, and F. Laurell, “Narrow linewidth 2 µm optical parametric oscillation in periodically poled LiNbO3 with volume Bragg grating outcoupler,” Appl. Phys. B 86(3), 497–501 (2007).
[CrossRef]

M. Henriksson, M. Tiihonen, V. Pasiskevicius, and F. Laurell, “ZnGeP2 Parametric Oscillator Pumped by a Linewidth Narrowed Parametric 2 µm Source,” Opt. Lett. , 31(12), 1878–1880 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Imai, M.

Ito, H.

S. Haidar, K. Miyamoto, and H. Ito, “Generation of tunable mid-IR (5.5-9.3 µm) from a 2 µm pumped ZnGeP2 optical parametric oscillator,” Opt. Commun. 241(1–3), 173–178 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Jacobsson, B.

Kogelnik, H.

H. Kogelnik, “Coupled wave theory for thick hologram gratings,” Bell Syst. Tech. J. 48, 2909–2947 (1969).

Kuo, P. S.

Lallier, E.

Laurell, F.

M. Henriksson, L. Sjoqvist, V. Pasiskevicius, and F. Laurell, “Tandem PPKTP and ZGP OPO for mid-infrared generation,” Proc. SPIE 7115, 71150O (2008).
[CrossRef]

M. Henriksson, M. Tiihonen, V. Pasiskevicius, and F. Laurell, “Mid-infrared ZGP OPO pumped by near-degenerate narrowband type-I PPKTP parametric oscillator,” Appl. Phys. B 88(1), 37–41 (2007).
[CrossRef]

M. Henriksson, L. Sjoqvist, V. Pasiskevicius, and F. Laurell, “Narrow linewidth 2 µm optical parametric oscillation in periodically poled LiNbO3 with volume Bragg grating outcoupler,” Appl. Phys. B 86(3), 497–501 (2007).
[CrossRef]

M. Henriksson, M. Tiihonen, V. Pasiskevicius, and F. Laurell, “ZnGeP2 Parametric Oscillator Pumped by a Linewidth Narrowed Parametric 2 µm Source,” Opt. Lett. , 31(12), 1878–1880 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

B. Jacobsson, M. Tiihonen, V. Pasiskevicius, and F. Laurell, “Narrowband bulk Bragg grating optical parametric oscillator,” Opt. Lett. 30(17), 2281–2283 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Levi, O.

McKinnie, I. T.

P. Schlup, G. W. Baxter, and I. T. McKinnie, “Single-mode near- and mid-infrared periodically poled lithium niobate optical parametric oscillator,” Opt. Commun. 176(1–3), 267–271 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Miyamoto, K.

S. Haidar, K. Miyamoto, and H. Ito, “Generation of tunable mid-IR (5.5-9.3 µm) from a 2 µm pumped ZnGeP2 optical parametric oscillator,” Opt. Commun. 241(1–3), 173–178 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Ohtsuka, Y.

Pasiskevicius, V.

M. Henriksson, L. Sjoqvist, V. Pasiskevicius, and F. Laurell, “Tandem PPKTP and ZGP OPO for mid-infrared generation,” Proc. SPIE 7115, 71150O (2008).
[CrossRef]

M. Henriksson, M. Tiihonen, V. Pasiskevicius, and F. Laurell, “Mid-infrared ZGP OPO pumped by near-degenerate narrowband type-I PPKTP parametric oscillator,” Appl. Phys. B 88(1), 37–41 (2007).
[CrossRef]

M. Henriksson, L. Sjoqvist, V. Pasiskevicius, and F. Laurell, “Narrow linewidth 2 µm optical parametric oscillation in periodically poled LiNbO3 with volume Bragg grating outcoupler,” Appl. Phys. B 86(3), 497–501 (2007).
[CrossRef]

M. Henriksson, M. Tiihonen, V. Pasiskevicius, and F. Laurell, “ZnGeP2 Parametric Oscillator Pumped by a Linewidth Narrowed Parametric 2 µm Source,” Opt. Lett. , 31(12), 1878–1880 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

B. Jacobsson, M. Tiihonen, V. Pasiskevicius, and F. Laurell, “Narrowband bulk Bragg grating optical parametric oscillator,” Opt. Lett. 30(17), 2281–2283 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Pinguet, T. J.

Rustad, G.

Satoh, S.

Schlup, P.

P. Schlup, G. W. Baxter, and I. T. McKinnie, “Single-mode near- and mid-infrared periodically poled lithium niobate optical parametric oscillator,” Opt. Commun. 176(1–3), 267–271 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Sjoqvist, L.

M. Henriksson, L. Sjoqvist, V. Pasiskevicius, and F. Laurell, “Tandem PPKTP and ZGP OPO for mid-infrared generation,” Proc. SPIE 7115, 71150O (2008).
[CrossRef]

M. Henriksson, L. Sjoqvist, V. Pasiskevicius, and F. Laurell, “Narrow linewidth 2 µm optical parametric oscillation in periodically poled LiNbO3 with volume Bragg grating outcoupler,” Appl. Phys. B 86(3), 497–501 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Stenersen, K.

Tiihonen, M.

Vodopyanov, K. L.

Wallenstein, R.

G. Anstett and R. Wallenstein, “Experimental investigation of the spectro-temporal dynamics of the light pulses of Q-switched Nd:YAG lasers and nanosecond optical parametric oscillators,” Appl. Phys. B , 79(7), 827–836 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Appl. Phys. B (3)

M. Henriksson, L. Sjoqvist, V. Pasiskevicius, and F. Laurell, “Narrow linewidth 2 µm optical parametric oscillation in periodically poled LiNbO3 with volume Bragg grating outcoupler,” Appl. Phys. B 86(3), 497–501 (2007).
[CrossRef]

M. Henriksson, M. Tiihonen, V. Pasiskevicius, and F. Laurell, “Mid-infrared ZGP OPO pumped by near-degenerate narrowband type-I PPKTP parametric oscillator,” Appl. Phys. B 88(1), 37–41 (2007).
[CrossRef]

G. Anstett and R. Wallenstein, “Experimental investigation of the spectro-temporal dynamics of the light pulses of Q-switched Nd:YAG lasers and nanosecond optical parametric oscillators,” Appl. Phys. B , 79(7), 827–836 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Bell Syst. Tech. J. (1)

H. Kogelnik, “Coupled wave theory for thick hologram gratings,” Bell Syst. Tech. J. 48, 2909–2947 (1969).

IEEE J. Quantum Electron. (1)

S. Brosnan and R. Byer, “Optical Parametric Oscillator Threshold and Linewidth Studies,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 15(6), 415–431 (1979).
[CrossRef]

J. Opt. Soc. Am. A (1)

J. Opt. Soc. Am. B (2)

Opt. Commun. (2)

P. Schlup, G. W. Baxter, and I. T. McKinnie, “Single-mode near- and mid-infrared periodically poled lithium niobate optical parametric oscillator,” Opt. Commun. 176(1–3), 267–271 (2000).
[CrossRef]

S. Haidar, K. Miyamoto, and H. Ito, “Generation of tunable mid-IR (5.5-9.3 µm) from a 2 µm pumped ZnGeP2 optical parametric oscillator,” Opt. Commun. 241(1–3), 173–178 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Opt. Lett. (3)

Proc. SPIE (1)

M. Henriksson, L. Sjoqvist, V. Pasiskevicius, and F. Laurell, “Tandem PPKTP and ZGP OPO for mid-infrared generation,” Proc. SPIE 7115, 71150O (2008).
[CrossRef]

Other (1)

P. N. Butcher, and D. Cotter, The elements of nonlinear optics, (Cambridge, 1990).

Cited By

OSA participates in CrossRef's Cited-By Linking service. Citing articles from OSA journals and other participating publishers are listed here.

Alert me when this article is cited.


Figures (6)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1

(a) Simulated ZGP OPO output energy as a function of pump bandwidth for three different pump energies. (b) Simulated OPO threshold energy and slope efficiency as a function of pump bandwidth.

Fig. 2
Fig. 2

Left: The calculated output energy of the ZGP OPO pumped by the signal and idler of an OPO with varying detuning from degeneracy. Solid lines are the simulations with both pump components applied simultaneously and dashed lines with the two components simulated separately and the generated energy summed afterwards. The total pump energies were 100, 300, 500 and 700 µJ with half of that energy in each component. Right: Output spectra from two of the simulations where the pump was detuned 40 GHz (blue) and 500 GHz (red) from degeneracy.

Fig. 3
Fig. 3

Output spectra from the OPO using three different output couplers shown at two different wavelength scales.

Fig. 4
Fig. 4

Spectra of signal (left) and idler (right) with 13 nm (900 GHz) separation measured by Fabry-Perot etalon for maximum pump power

Fig. 5
Fig. 5

The signal (left) and idler (right) spectra of the short cavity OPO (10 mm PPKTP crystal) measured by the Fabry-Perot etalon. The signal and idler are separated by 13 nm (900 GHz).

Fig. 6
Fig. 6

Fabry-Perot spectra of the OPO close to degeneracy, containing the VBG1 output coupler. Left: the long cavity OPO with the 20 mm PPKTP. Right: the short cavity OPO with the 10 mm PPKTP.

Equations (3)

Equations on this page are rendered with MathJax. Learn more.

Δωp<πL|vg,pvg,ivg,ivg,p|,
ϕ=arctan(δκ2δ2tanh(κ2δ2d)),
Pi(2)(t)ε0n,mR(2)(τ1,τ2)Ep,n(tτ1)exp[iϕp,n(tτ1)]×Es,m(tτ2)exp[iϕs,m(tτ2)]dτ1dτ2.

Metrics