Abstract

Compact microdisk cavities were fabricated on a polydimethylsiloxane substrate. The lasing of the flexible compact cavity was achieved with a low threshold power. The whispering-gallery mode of the microdisk was also characterized with three-dimensional finite-difference time-domain simulation. The curvature dependence in output power and threshold was also demonstrated by bending the microdisk cavity.

© 2009 Optical Society of America

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    [CrossRef]
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    [CrossRef]
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    [CrossRef] [PubMed]

2007 (4)

A. C. Tamboli, E. D. Haberer, R. Sharma, K. H. Lee, S. Nakamura, and E. L. Hu, "Room-temperature continuous-wave lasing in GaN/InGaN microdisks," Nat. Photonics 1, 61-64 (2007).
[CrossRef]

T. Yang, L. Lu, M.-H. Shih, and J. D. O’Brien, "Room temperature InGaSb quantum well microcylinder lasers at 2 μm grown monolithically on a silicon substrate," J. Vac. Sci. Technol. B 25, 1622-1625 (2007).
[CrossRef]

B. Bhola and W. H. Steier, "A Novel Optical Microring Resonator Accelerometer," IEEE Sensors J. 7, 1759-1766 (2007).
[CrossRef]

H. Park, Y-H. Kuo, A. W. Fang, R. Jones, O. Cohen, M. J. Paniccia, and J. E. Bowers, "A hybrid AlGaInAs-silicon evanescent preamplifier and photodetector," Opt. Express 15, 13539-13546 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

2006 (1)

2005 (3)

Q. F. Xu, B. Schmidt, S. Pradhan, and M. Lipson, "Micrometre-scale silicon electro-optic modulator," Nature (London) 435, 325-327 (2005).
[CrossRef]

P. T. Snee, Y. Chan, D. G. Nocera, and M. G. Bawendi, "Whispering-Gallery-Mode Lasing from a Semiconductor Nanocrystal/Microsphere Resomator Composite," Adv. Mater 17, 1131-1136 (2005).
[CrossRef]

R. Jakubiak, V. P. Tondiglia, L. V. Natarajan, R. L. Sutherland, P. Lloyd, T. J. Bunning, and R. A. Vaia, "Dynamic Lasing from All-Organic Two-Dimensional Photonic Crystal," Adv. Mater 17, 2807-2811 (2005).
[CrossRef]

2004 (1)

S. J. Choi, Z. Peng, Q. Yang, S. J. Choi, and P. D. Dapkus, "An Eight-Channel Demultiplexing Switch Array using Vertically Coupled Active Semiconductor Microdisk Resonators," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 16, 2517-2519 (2004).
[CrossRef]

2003 (1)

S. J. Choi, K. Djordjev, S. J. Choi, and P. D. Dapkus, "Microdisk Lasers Vertically Coupled to Output Waveguides," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 15, 1330-1332 (2003).
[CrossRef]

2002 (3)

R. Ushigome, M. Fujita, A. Sakai, T. Baba, and Y. Kokubun, "GaInAsP Microdisk Injection Laser with Benzocyclobutene Polymer Cladding and Its Athermal Effect," Jpn. J. Appl. Phys. 41, 6364-6369 (2002).
[CrossRef]

K. Djordjev, S.-J. Choi, S.-J. Choi, and P. D. Dapkus, "Active Semiconductor Microdisk Devices," J. Lightwave Technol. 20, 105-113 (2002).
[CrossRef]

M. Lee, H. E. Katz, C. Erben, D. M. Gill, P. Gopalan, J. D. Heber, and D. J. McGee, "Broadband Modulation of Light by using an Electro-Optic Polymer," Science 298, 1401-1403 (2002).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

2001 (1)

S. Seassal, P. Rojo-Romeo, X. Letartre, P. Viktorovitch, G. Hollinger, E. Jalaguier, S. Pocas, and B. Aspar, "InP microdisk lasers on silicon wafer: CW room temperature operation at 1.6μm," Elect. Lett. 37, 222-223 (2001).
[CrossRef]

2000 (3)

Y. Shi, C. Zhang, H. Zhang, J. H. Bechtel, L. R. Dalton, B. H. Robinson, and W. H. Steier, "Low (Sub-1-Volt) Halfwave Voltage Polymeric Electro-optic Modulators Achieved by Controlling Chromophore Shape," Science 288, 119-122 (2000).
[CrossRef]

S. Riechel, C. Kallinger, U. Lemmer, and J. Feldmann, "A nearly diffraction limited surface emitting conjugated polymer laser utilizing a two-dimensional photonic band structure," Appl. Phys. Lett. 77, 2310-2312 (2000).
[CrossRef]

D. S. Song, J. K. Hwang, C. K. Kim, I. Y. Han, D. H. Tang, and Y. H. Lee, "InGaAsP Microdisk Lasers on AlxOy," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 12, 954-956 (2000).
[CrossRef]

1999 (2)

M. Fujita, A. Sakai, and T. Baba, "Ultrasmall and Ultralow Threshold GaInAsP-InP Microdisk Injection Lasers: Design, Fabrication, Lasing Characteristics, and Spontaneous Emission Factor," IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 5, 673-681 (1999).
[CrossRef]

S. T. Chu, B. E. Little, W. Pan, T. Kaneko, S. Sato, and Y. Kokubun, "An Eight-Channel Add-Drop Filter using Vertically Coupled Microring Resonators over a Cross Grid," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 11, 691-693 (1999).
[CrossRef]

1998 (1)

S. M. K. Thiyagarajan, A. F. J. Levi, C. K. Lin, I. Kim, P. D. Dapkus, and S. J. Pearton, "Continuous room-temperature operation of optically pumped InGaAs/InGaAsP microdisk lasers," Elect. Lett. 34, 2333-2334 (1998).
[CrossRef]

1997 (2)

1992 (1)

S. L. McCall, A. F. J. Levi, R. E. Slusher, S. J. Pearton, and R. A. Logan, "Whispering-gallery mode microdisk lasers," Appl. Phys. Lett. 60, 289-291 (1992).
[CrossRef]

1991 (1)

D. Braun and A. J. Heeger, "Visible light emission from semiconducting polymer diodes," Appl. Phys. Lett. 58, 1982-1984 (1991).
[CrossRef]

1990 (1)

J. H.  Burroughes, D. D. C.  Bradley, A. R.  Brown, R. N.  Marks, K.  Mackay, R. H.  Friend, P. L.  Burns, and A. B.  Holmes, "Light-emitting diodes based on conjugated polymers," Nature 347, 539-541 (1990).
[CrossRef]

Amans, D.

Aspar, B.

S. Seassal, P. Rojo-Romeo, X. Letartre, P. Viktorovitch, G. Hollinger, E. Jalaguier, S. Pocas, and B. Aspar, "InP microdisk lasers on silicon wafer: CW room temperature operation at 1.6μm," Elect. Lett. 37, 222-223 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Baba, T.

R. Ushigome, M. Fujita, A. Sakai, T. Baba, and Y. Kokubun, "GaInAsP Microdisk Injection Laser with Benzocyclobutene Polymer Cladding and Its Athermal Effect," Jpn. J. Appl. Phys. 41, 6364-6369 (2002).
[CrossRef]

M. Fujita, A. Sakai, and T. Baba, "Ultrasmall and Ultralow Threshold GaInAsP-InP Microdisk Injection Lasers: Design, Fabrication, Lasing Characteristics, and Spontaneous Emission Factor," IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 5, 673-681 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Bawendi, M. G.

P. T. Snee, Y. Chan, D. G. Nocera, and M. G. Bawendi, "Whispering-Gallery-Mode Lasing from a Semiconductor Nanocrystal/Microsphere Resomator Composite," Adv. Mater 17, 1131-1136 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Bechtel, J. H.

Y. Shi, C. Zhang, H. Zhang, J. H. Bechtel, L. R. Dalton, B. H. Robinson, and W. H. Steier, "Low (Sub-1-Volt) Halfwave Voltage Polymeric Electro-optic Modulators Achieved by Controlling Chromophore Shape," Science 288, 119-122 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Benech, P.

Bhola, B.

B. Bhola and W. H. Steier, "A Novel Optical Microring Resonator Accelerometer," IEEE Sensors J. 7, 1759-1766 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Bowers, J. E.

Bradley, D. D. C.

J. H.  Burroughes, D. D. C.  Bradley, A. R.  Brown, R. N.  Marks, K.  Mackay, R. H.  Friend, P. L.  Burns, and A. B.  Holmes, "Light-emitting diodes based on conjugated polymers," Nature 347, 539-541 (1990).
[CrossRef]

Braun, D.

D. Braun and A. J. Heeger, "Visible light emission from semiconducting polymer diodes," Appl. Phys. Lett. 58, 1982-1984 (1991).
[CrossRef]

Brown, A. R.

J. H.  Burroughes, D. D. C.  Bradley, A. R.  Brown, R. N.  Marks, K.  Mackay, R. H.  Friend, P. L.  Burns, and A. B.  Holmes, "Light-emitting diodes based on conjugated polymers," Nature 347, 539-541 (1990).
[CrossRef]

Bunning, T. J.

R. Jakubiak, V. P. Tondiglia, L. V. Natarajan, R. L. Sutherland, P. Lloyd, T. J. Bunning, and R. A. Vaia, "Dynamic Lasing from All-Organic Two-Dimensional Photonic Crystal," Adv. Mater 17, 2807-2811 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Burns, P. L.

J. H.  Burroughes, D. D. C.  Bradley, A. R.  Brown, R. N.  Marks, K.  Mackay, R. H.  Friend, P. L.  Burns, and A. B.  Holmes, "Light-emitting diodes based on conjugated polymers," Nature 347, 539-541 (1990).
[CrossRef]

Burroughes, J. H.

J. H.  Burroughes, D. D. C.  Bradley, A. R.  Brown, R. N.  Marks, K.  Mackay, R. H.  Friend, P. L.  Burns, and A. B.  Holmes, "Light-emitting diodes based on conjugated polymers," Nature 347, 539-541 (1990).
[CrossRef]

Chan, Y.

P. T. Snee, Y. Chan, D. G. Nocera, and M. G. Bawendi, "Whispering-Gallery-Mode Lasing from a Semiconductor Nanocrystal/Microsphere Resomator Composite," Adv. Mater 17, 1131-1136 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Choi, S. J.

S. J. Choi, Z. Peng, Q. Yang, S. J. Choi, and P. D. Dapkus, "An Eight-Channel Demultiplexing Switch Array using Vertically Coupled Active Semiconductor Microdisk Resonators," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 16, 2517-2519 (2004).
[CrossRef]

S. J. Choi, Z. Peng, Q. Yang, S. J. Choi, and P. D. Dapkus, "An Eight-Channel Demultiplexing Switch Array using Vertically Coupled Active Semiconductor Microdisk Resonators," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 16, 2517-2519 (2004).
[CrossRef]

S. J. Choi, K. Djordjev, S. J. Choi, and P. D. Dapkus, "Microdisk Lasers Vertically Coupled to Output Waveguides," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 15, 1330-1332 (2003).
[CrossRef]

S. J. Choi, K. Djordjev, S. J. Choi, and P. D. Dapkus, "Microdisk Lasers Vertically Coupled to Output Waveguides," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 15, 1330-1332 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Choi, S.-J.

Chu, S. T.

S. T. Chu, B. E. Little, W. Pan, T. Kaneko, S. Sato, and Y. Kokubun, "An Eight-Channel Add-Drop Filter using Vertically Coupled Microring Resonators over a Cross Grid," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 11, 691-693 (1999).
[CrossRef]

B. E. Little, S. T. Chu, H. A. Haus, J. S. Foersi, and J. P. Lain, "Microring Resonator Channel Dropping Filters," J. Lightwave Technol. 15, 998-1005 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Cohen, O.

Dalton, L. R.

Y. Shi, C. Zhang, H. Zhang, J. H. Bechtel, L. R. Dalton, B. H. Robinson, and W. H. Steier, "Low (Sub-1-Volt) Halfwave Voltage Polymeric Electro-optic Modulators Achieved by Controlling Chromophore Shape," Science 288, 119-122 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Dapkus, P. D.

S. J. Choi, Z. Peng, Q. Yang, S. J. Choi, and P. D. Dapkus, "An Eight-Channel Demultiplexing Switch Array using Vertically Coupled Active Semiconductor Microdisk Resonators," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 16, 2517-2519 (2004).
[CrossRef]

S. J. Choi, K. Djordjev, S. J. Choi, and P. D. Dapkus, "Microdisk Lasers Vertically Coupled to Output Waveguides," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 15, 1330-1332 (2003).
[CrossRef]

K. Djordjev, S.-J. Choi, S.-J. Choi, and P. D. Dapkus, "Active Semiconductor Microdisk Devices," J. Lightwave Technol. 20, 105-113 (2002).
[CrossRef]

S. M. K. Thiyagarajan, A. F. J. Levi, C. K. Lin, I. Kim, P. D. Dapkus, and S. J. Pearton, "Continuous room-temperature operation of optically pumped InGaAs/InGaAsP microdisk lasers," Elect. Lett. 34, 2333-2334 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Djordjev, K.

S. J. Choi, K. Djordjev, S. J. Choi, and P. D. Dapkus, "Microdisk Lasers Vertically Coupled to Output Waveguides," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 15, 1330-1332 (2003).
[CrossRef]

K. Djordjev, S.-J. Choi, S.-J. Choi, and P. D. Dapkus, "Active Semiconductor Microdisk Devices," J. Lightwave Technol. 20, 105-113 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Erben, C.

M. Lee, H. E. Katz, C. Erben, D. M. Gill, P. Gopalan, J. D. Heber, and D. J. McGee, "Broadband Modulation of Light by using an Electro-Optic Polymer," Science 298, 1401-1403 (2002).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Fang, A. W.

Feldmann, J.

S. Riechel, C. Kallinger, U. Lemmer, and J. Feldmann, "A nearly diffraction limited surface emitting conjugated polymer laser utilizing a two-dimensional photonic band structure," Appl. Phys. Lett. 77, 2310-2312 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Foersi, J. S.

B. E. Little, S. T. Chu, H. A. Haus, J. S. Foersi, and J. P. Lain, "Microring Resonator Channel Dropping Filters," J. Lightwave Technol. 15, 998-1005 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Friend, R. H.

J. H.  Burroughes, D. D. C.  Bradley, A. R.  Brown, R. N.  Marks, K.  Mackay, R. H.  Friend, P. L.  Burns, and A. B.  Holmes, "Light-emitting diodes based on conjugated polymers," Nature 347, 539-541 (1990).
[CrossRef]

Fujita, M.

R. Ushigome, M. Fujita, A. Sakai, T. Baba, and Y. Kokubun, "GaInAsP Microdisk Injection Laser with Benzocyclobutene Polymer Cladding and Its Athermal Effect," Jpn. J. Appl. Phys. 41, 6364-6369 (2002).
[CrossRef]

M. Fujita, A. Sakai, and T. Baba, "Ultrasmall and Ultralow Threshold GaInAsP-InP Microdisk Injection Lasers: Design, Fabrication, Lasing Characteristics, and Spontaneous Emission Factor," IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 5, 673-681 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Gill, D. M.

M. Lee, H. E. Katz, C. Erben, D. M. Gill, P. Gopalan, J. D. Heber, and D. J. McGee, "Broadband Modulation of Light by using an Electro-Optic Polymer," Science 298, 1401-1403 (2002).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Gopalan, P.

M. Lee, H. E. Katz, C. Erben, D. M. Gill, P. Gopalan, J. D. Heber, and D. J. McGee, "Broadband Modulation of Light by using an Electro-Optic Polymer," Science 298, 1401-1403 (2002).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Haberer, E. D.

A. C. Tamboli, E. D. Haberer, R. Sharma, K. H. Lee, S. Nakamura, and E. L. Hu, "Room-temperature continuous-wave lasing in GaN/InGaN microdisks," Nat. Photonics 1, 61-64 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Hagness, S. C.

Han, I. Y.

D. S. Song, J. K. Hwang, C. K. Kim, I. Y. Han, D. H. Tang, and Y. H. Lee, "InGaAsP Microdisk Lasers on AlxOy," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 12, 954-956 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Haus, H. A.

B. E. Little, S. T. Chu, H. A. Haus, J. S. Foersi, and J. P. Lain, "Microring Resonator Channel Dropping Filters," J. Lightwave Technol. 15, 998-1005 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Heber, J. D.

M. Lee, H. E. Katz, C. Erben, D. M. Gill, P. Gopalan, J. D. Heber, and D. J. McGee, "Broadband Modulation of Light by using an Electro-Optic Polymer," Science 298, 1401-1403 (2002).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Heeger, A. J.

D. Braun and A. J. Heeger, "Visible light emission from semiconducting polymer diodes," Appl. Phys. Lett. 58, 1982-1984 (1991).
[CrossRef]

Ho, S. T.

Hollinger, G.

S. Seassal, P. Rojo-Romeo, X. Letartre, P. Viktorovitch, G. Hollinger, E. Jalaguier, S. Pocas, and B. Aspar, "InP microdisk lasers on silicon wafer: CW room temperature operation at 1.6μm," Elect. Lett. 37, 222-223 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Holmes, A. B.

J. H.  Burroughes, D. D. C.  Bradley, A. R.  Brown, R. N.  Marks, K.  Mackay, R. H.  Friend, P. L.  Burns, and A. B.  Holmes, "Light-emitting diodes based on conjugated polymers," Nature 347, 539-541 (1990).
[CrossRef]

Hu, E. L.

A. C. Tamboli, E. D. Haberer, R. Sharma, K. H. Lee, S. Nakamura, and E. L. Hu, "Room-temperature continuous-wave lasing in GaN/InGaN microdisks," Nat. Photonics 1, 61-64 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Huy, K. P.

Hwang, J. K.

D. S. Song, J. K. Hwang, C. K. Kim, I. Y. Han, D. H. Tang, and Y. H. Lee, "InGaAsP Microdisk Lasers on AlxOy," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 12, 954-956 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Jakubiak, R.

R. Jakubiak, V. P. Tondiglia, L. V. Natarajan, R. L. Sutherland, P. Lloyd, T. J. Bunning, and R. A. Vaia, "Dynamic Lasing from All-Organic Two-Dimensional Photonic Crystal," Adv. Mater 17, 2807-2811 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Jalaguier, E.

S. Seassal, P. Rojo-Romeo, X. Letartre, P. Viktorovitch, G. Hollinger, E. Jalaguier, S. Pocas, and B. Aspar, "InP microdisk lasers on silicon wafer: CW room temperature operation at 1.6μm," Elect. Lett. 37, 222-223 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Jones, R.

Kallinger, C.

S. Riechel, C. Kallinger, U. Lemmer, and J. Feldmann, "A nearly diffraction limited surface emitting conjugated polymer laser utilizing a two-dimensional photonic band structure," Appl. Phys. Lett. 77, 2310-2312 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Kaneko, T.

S. T. Chu, B. E. Little, W. Pan, T. Kaneko, S. Sato, and Y. Kokubun, "An Eight-Channel Add-Drop Filter using Vertically Coupled Microring Resonators over a Cross Grid," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 11, 691-693 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Katz, H. E.

M. Lee, H. E. Katz, C. Erben, D. M. Gill, P. Gopalan, J. D. Heber, and D. J. McGee, "Broadband Modulation of Light by using an Electro-Optic Polymer," Science 298, 1401-1403 (2002).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Kim, C. K.

D. S. Song, J. K. Hwang, C. K. Kim, I. Y. Han, D. H. Tang, and Y. H. Lee, "InGaAsP Microdisk Lasers on AlxOy," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 12, 954-956 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Kim, I.

S. M. K. Thiyagarajan, A. F. J. Levi, C. K. Lin, I. Kim, P. D. Dapkus, and S. J. Pearton, "Continuous room-temperature operation of optically pumped InGaAs/InGaAsP microdisk lasers," Elect. Lett. 34, 2333-2334 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Kokubun, Y.

R. Ushigome, M. Fujita, A. Sakai, T. Baba, and Y. Kokubun, "GaInAsP Microdisk Injection Laser with Benzocyclobutene Polymer Cladding and Its Athermal Effect," Jpn. J. Appl. Phys. 41, 6364-6369 (2002).
[CrossRef]

S. T. Chu, B. E. Little, W. Pan, T. Kaneko, S. Sato, and Y. Kokubun, "An Eight-Channel Add-Drop Filter using Vertically Coupled Microring Resonators over a Cross Grid," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 11, 691-693 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Kuo, Y-H.

Lain, J. P.

B. E. Little, S. T. Chu, H. A. Haus, J. S. Foersi, and J. P. Lain, "Microring Resonator Channel Dropping Filters," J. Lightwave Technol. 15, 998-1005 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Lee, K. H.

A. C. Tamboli, E. D. Haberer, R. Sharma, K. H. Lee, S. Nakamura, and E. L. Hu, "Room-temperature continuous-wave lasing in GaN/InGaN microdisks," Nat. Photonics 1, 61-64 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Lee, M.

M. Lee, H. E. Katz, C. Erben, D. M. Gill, P. Gopalan, J. D. Heber, and D. J. McGee, "Broadband Modulation of Light by using an Electro-Optic Polymer," Science 298, 1401-1403 (2002).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Lee, Y. H.

D. S. Song, J. K. Hwang, C. K. Kim, I. Y. Han, D. H. Tang, and Y. H. Lee, "InGaAsP Microdisk Lasers on AlxOy," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 12, 954-956 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Lemmer, U.

S. Riechel, C. Kallinger, U. Lemmer, and J. Feldmann, "A nearly diffraction limited surface emitting conjugated polymer laser utilizing a two-dimensional photonic band structure," Appl. Phys. Lett. 77, 2310-2312 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Letartre, X.

S. Seassal, P. Rojo-Romeo, X. Letartre, P. Viktorovitch, G. Hollinger, E. Jalaguier, S. Pocas, and B. Aspar, "InP microdisk lasers on silicon wafer: CW room temperature operation at 1.6μm," Elect. Lett. 37, 222-223 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Levi, A. F. J.

S. M. K. Thiyagarajan, A. F. J. Levi, C. K. Lin, I. Kim, P. D. Dapkus, and S. J. Pearton, "Continuous room-temperature operation of optically pumped InGaAs/InGaAsP microdisk lasers," Elect. Lett. 34, 2333-2334 (1998).
[CrossRef]

S. L. McCall, A. F. J. Levi, R. E. Slusher, S. J. Pearton, and R. A. Logan, "Whispering-gallery mode microdisk lasers," Appl. Phys. Lett. 60, 289-291 (1992).
[CrossRef]

Lin, C. K.

S. M. K. Thiyagarajan, A. F. J. Levi, C. K. Lin, I. Kim, P. D. Dapkus, and S. J. Pearton, "Continuous room-temperature operation of optically pumped InGaAs/InGaAsP microdisk lasers," Elect. Lett. 34, 2333-2334 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Lipson, M.

Q. F. Xu, B. Schmidt, S. Pradhan, and M. Lipson, "Micrometre-scale silicon electro-optic modulator," Nature (London) 435, 325-327 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Little, B. E.

S. T. Chu, B. E. Little, W. Pan, T. Kaneko, S. Sato, and Y. Kokubun, "An Eight-Channel Add-Drop Filter using Vertically Coupled Microring Resonators over a Cross Grid," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 11, 691-693 (1999).
[CrossRef]

B. E. Little, S. T. Chu, H. A. Haus, J. S. Foersi, and J. P. Lain, "Microring Resonator Channel Dropping Filters," J. Lightwave Technol. 15, 998-1005 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Lloyd, P.

R. Jakubiak, V. P. Tondiglia, L. V. Natarajan, R. L. Sutherland, P. Lloyd, T. J. Bunning, and R. A. Vaia, "Dynamic Lasing from All-Organic Two-Dimensional Photonic Crystal," Adv. Mater 17, 2807-2811 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Logan, R. A.

S. L. McCall, A. F. J. Levi, R. E. Slusher, S. J. Pearton, and R. A. Logan, "Whispering-gallery mode microdisk lasers," Appl. Phys. Lett. 60, 289-291 (1992).
[CrossRef]

Lu, L.

T. Yang, L. Lu, M.-H. Shih, and J. D. O’Brien, "Room temperature InGaSb quantum well microcylinder lasers at 2 μm grown monolithically on a silicon substrate," J. Vac. Sci. Technol. B 25, 1622-1625 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Mackay, K.

J. H.  Burroughes, D. D. C.  Bradley, A. R.  Brown, R. N.  Marks, K.  Mackay, R. H.  Friend, P. L.  Burns, and A. B.  Holmes, "Light-emitting diodes based on conjugated polymers," Nature 347, 539-541 (1990).
[CrossRef]

Marks, R. N.

J. H.  Burroughes, D. D. C.  Bradley, A. R.  Brown, R. N.  Marks, K.  Mackay, R. H.  Friend, P. L.  Burns, and A. B.  Holmes, "Light-emitting diodes based on conjugated polymers," Nature 347, 539-541 (1990).
[CrossRef]

Martin, B.

McCall, S. L.

S. L. McCall, A. F. J. Levi, R. E. Slusher, S. J. Pearton, and R. A. Logan, "Whispering-gallery mode microdisk lasers," Appl. Phys. Lett. 60, 289-291 (1992).
[CrossRef]

McGee, D. J.

M. Lee, H. E. Katz, C. Erben, D. M. Gill, P. Gopalan, J. D. Heber, and D. J. McGee, "Broadband Modulation of Light by using an Electro-Optic Polymer," Science 298, 1401-1403 (2002).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Morand, A.

Nakamura, S.

A. C. Tamboli, E. D. Haberer, R. Sharma, K. H. Lee, S. Nakamura, and E. L. Hu, "Room-temperature continuous-wave lasing in GaN/InGaN microdisks," Nat. Photonics 1, 61-64 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Natarajan, L. V.

R. Jakubiak, V. P. Tondiglia, L. V. Natarajan, R. L. Sutherland, P. Lloyd, T. J. Bunning, and R. A. Vaia, "Dynamic Lasing from All-Organic Two-Dimensional Photonic Crystal," Adv. Mater 17, 2807-2811 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Nocera, D. G.

P. T. Snee, Y. Chan, D. G. Nocera, and M. G. Bawendi, "Whispering-Gallery-Mode Lasing from a Semiconductor Nanocrystal/Microsphere Resomator Composite," Adv. Mater 17, 1131-1136 (2005).
[CrossRef]

O’Brien, J. D.

T. Yang, L. Lu, M.-H. Shih, and J. D. O’Brien, "Room temperature InGaSb quantum well microcylinder lasers at 2 μm grown monolithically on a silicon substrate," J. Vac. Sci. Technol. B 25, 1622-1625 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Pan, W.

S. T. Chu, B. E. Little, W. Pan, T. Kaneko, S. Sato, and Y. Kokubun, "An Eight-Channel Add-Drop Filter using Vertically Coupled Microring Resonators over a Cross Grid," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 11, 691-693 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Paniccia, M. J.

Park, H.

Pearton, S. J.

S. M. K. Thiyagarajan, A. F. J. Levi, C. K. Lin, I. Kim, P. D. Dapkus, and S. J. Pearton, "Continuous room-temperature operation of optically pumped InGaAs/InGaAsP microdisk lasers," Elect. Lett. 34, 2333-2334 (1998).
[CrossRef]

S. L. McCall, A. F. J. Levi, R. E. Slusher, S. J. Pearton, and R. A. Logan, "Whispering-gallery mode microdisk lasers," Appl. Phys. Lett. 60, 289-291 (1992).
[CrossRef]

Peng, Z.

S. J. Choi, Z. Peng, Q. Yang, S. J. Choi, and P. D. Dapkus, "An Eight-Channel Demultiplexing Switch Array using Vertically Coupled Active Semiconductor Microdisk Resonators," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 16, 2517-2519 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Pocas, S.

S. Seassal, P. Rojo-Romeo, X. Letartre, P. Viktorovitch, G. Hollinger, E. Jalaguier, S. Pocas, and B. Aspar, "InP microdisk lasers on silicon wafer: CW room temperature operation at 1.6μm," Elect. Lett. 37, 222-223 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Pradhan, S.

Q. F. Xu, B. Schmidt, S. Pradhan, and M. Lipson, "Micrometre-scale silicon electro-optic modulator," Nature (London) 435, 325-327 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Rafizadeh, D.

Riechel, S.

S. Riechel, C. Kallinger, U. Lemmer, and J. Feldmann, "A nearly diffraction limited surface emitting conjugated polymer laser utilizing a two-dimensional photonic band structure," Appl. Phys. Lett. 77, 2310-2312 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Robinson, B. H.

Y. Shi, C. Zhang, H. Zhang, J. H. Bechtel, L. R. Dalton, B. H. Robinson, and W. H. Steier, "Low (Sub-1-Volt) Halfwave Voltage Polymeric Electro-optic Modulators Achieved by Controlling Chromophore Shape," Science 288, 119-122 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Rojo-Romeo, P.

S. Seassal, P. Rojo-Romeo, X. Letartre, P. Viktorovitch, G. Hollinger, E. Jalaguier, S. Pocas, and B. Aspar, "InP microdisk lasers on silicon wafer: CW room temperature operation at 1.6μm," Elect. Lett. 37, 222-223 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Sakai, A.

R. Ushigome, M. Fujita, A. Sakai, T. Baba, and Y. Kokubun, "GaInAsP Microdisk Injection Laser with Benzocyclobutene Polymer Cladding and Its Athermal Effect," Jpn. J. Appl. Phys. 41, 6364-6369 (2002).
[CrossRef]

M. Fujita, A. Sakai, and T. Baba, "Ultrasmall and Ultralow Threshold GaInAsP-InP Microdisk Injection Lasers: Design, Fabrication, Lasing Characteristics, and Spontaneous Emission Factor," IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 5, 673-681 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Sato, S.

S. T. Chu, B. E. Little, W. Pan, T. Kaneko, S. Sato, and Y. Kokubun, "An Eight-Channel Add-Drop Filter using Vertically Coupled Microring Resonators over a Cross Grid," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 11, 691-693 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Schmidt, B.

Q. F. Xu, B. Schmidt, S. Pradhan, and M. Lipson, "Micrometre-scale silicon electro-optic modulator," Nature (London) 435, 325-327 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Seassal, S.

S. Seassal, P. Rojo-Romeo, X. Letartre, P. Viktorovitch, G. Hollinger, E. Jalaguier, S. Pocas, and B. Aspar, "InP microdisk lasers on silicon wafer: CW room temperature operation at 1.6μm," Elect. Lett. 37, 222-223 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Sharma, R.

A. C. Tamboli, E. D. Haberer, R. Sharma, K. H. Lee, S. Nakamura, and E. L. Hu, "Room-temperature continuous-wave lasing in GaN/InGaN microdisks," Nat. Photonics 1, 61-64 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Shi, Y.

Y. Shi, C. Zhang, H. Zhang, J. H. Bechtel, L. R. Dalton, B. H. Robinson, and W. H. Steier, "Low (Sub-1-Volt) Halfwave Voltage Polymeric Electro-optic Modulators Achieved by Controlling Chromophore Shape," Science 288, 119-122 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Shih, M.-H.

T. Yang, L. Lu, M.-H. Shih, and J. D. O’Brien, "Room temperature InGaSb quantum well microcylinder lasers at 2 μm grown monolithically on a silicon substrate," J. Vac. Sci. Technol. B 25, 1622-1625 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Slusher, R. E.

S. L. McCall, A. F. J. Levi, R. E. Slusher, S. J. Pearton, and R. A. Logan, "Whispering-gallery mode microdisk lasers," Appl. Phys. Lett. 60, 289-291 (1992).
[CrossRef]

Snee, P. T.

P. T. Snee, Y. Chan, D. G. Nocera, and M. G. Bawendi, "Whispering-Gallery-Mode Lasing from a Semiconductor Nanocrystal/Microsphere Resomator Composite," Adv. Mater 17, 1131-1136 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Song, D. S.

D. S. Song, J. K. Hwang, C. K. Kim, I. Y. Han, D. H. Tang, and Y. H. Lee, "InGaAsP Microdisk Lasers on AlxOy," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 12, 954-956 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Stair, K. A.

Steier, W. H.

B. Bhola and W. H. Steier, "A Novel Optical Microring Resonator Accelerometer," IEEE Sensors J. 7, 1759-1766 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Y. Shi, C. Zhang, H. Zhang, J. H. Bechtel, L. R. Dalton, B. H. Robinson, and W. H. Steier, "Low (Sub-1-Volt) Halfwave Voltage Polymeric Electro-optic Modulators Achieved by Controlling Chromophore Shape," Science 288, 119-122 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Sutherland, R. L.

R. Jakubiak, V. P. Tondiglia, L. V. Natarajan, R. L. Sutherland, P. Lloyd, T. J. Bunning, and R. A. Vaia, "Dynamic Lasing from All-Organic Two-Dimensional Photonic Crystal," Adv. Mater 17, 2807-2811 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Taflove, A.

Tamboli, A. C.

A. C. Tamboli, E. D. Haberer, R. Sharma, K. H. Lee, S. Nakamura, and E. L. Hu, "Room-temperature continuous-wave lasing in GaN/InGaN microdisks," Nat. Photonics 1, 61-64 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Tang, D. H.

D. S. Song, J. K. Hwang, C. K. Kim, I. Y. Han, D. H. Tang, and Y. H. Lee, "InGaAsP Microdisk Lasers on AlxOy," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 12, 954-956 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Thiyagarajan, S. M. K.

S. M. K. Thiyagarajan, A. F. J. Levi, C. K. Lin, I. Kim, P. D. Dapkus, and S. J. Pearton, "Continuous room-temperature operation of optically pumped InGaAs/InGaAsP microdisk lasers," Elect. Lett. 34, 2333-2334 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Tondiglia, V. P.

R. Jakubiak, V. P. Tondiglia, L. V. Natarajan, R. L. Sutherland, P. Lloyd, T. J. Bunning, and R. A. Vaia, "Dynamic Lasing from All-Organic Two-Dimensional Photonic Crystal," Adv. Mater 17, 2807-2811 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Ushigome, R.

R. Ushigome, M. Fujita, A. Sakai, T. Baba, and Y. Kokubun, "GaInAsP Microdisk Injection Laser with Benzocyclobutene Polymer Cladding and Its Athermal Effect," Jpn. J. Appl. Phys. 41, 6364-6369 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Vaia, R. A.

R. Jakubiak, V. P. Tondiglia, L. V. Natarajan, R. L. Sutherland, P. Lloyd, T. J. Bunning, and R. A. Vaia, "Dynamic Lasing from All-Organic Two-Dimensional Photonic Crystal," Adv. Mater 17, 2807-2811 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Viktorovitch, P.

S. Seassal, P. Rojo-Romeo, X. Letartre, P. Viktorovitch, G. Hollinger, E. Jalaguier, S. Pocas, and B. Aspar, "InP microdisk lasers on silicon wafer: CW room temperature operation at 1.6μm," Elect. Lett. 37, 222-223 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Xu, Q. F.

Q. F. Xu, B. Schmidt, S. Pradhan, and M. Lipson, "Micrometre-scale silicon electro-optic modulator," Nature (London) 435, 325-327 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Yang, Q.

S. J. Choi, Z. Peng, Q. Yang, S. J. Choi, and P. D. Dapkus, "An Eight-Channel Demultiplexing Switch Array using Vertically Coupled Active Semiconductor Microdisk Resonators," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 16, 2517-2519 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Yang, T.

T. Yang, L. Lu, M.-H. Shih, and J. D. O’Brien, "Room temperature InGaSb quantum well microcylinder lasers at 2 μm grown monolithically on a silicon substrate," J. Vac. Sci. Technol. B 25, 1622-1625 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Zhang, C.

Y. Shi, C. Zhang, H. Zhang, J. H. Bechtel, L. R. Dalton, B. H. Robinson, and W. H. Steier, "Low (Sub-1-Volt) Halfwave Voltage Polymeric Electro-optic Modulators Achieved by Controlling Chromophore Shape," Science 288, 119-122 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Zhang, H.

Y. Shi, C. Zhang, H. Zhang, J. H. Bechtel, L. R. Dalton, B. H. Robinson, and W. H. Steier, "Low (Sub-1-Volt) Halfwave Voltage Polymeric Electro-optic Modulators Achieved by Controlling Chromophore Shape," Science 288, 119-122 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Zhang, J. P.

Zhang, Y.

Adv. Mater (2)

P. T. Snee, Y. Chan, D. G. Nocera, and M. G. Bawendi, "Whispering-Gallery-Mode Lasing from a Semiconductor Nanocrystal/Microsphere Resomator Composite," Adv. Mater 17, 1131-1136 (2005).
[CrossRef]

R. Jakubiak, V. P. Tondiglia, L. V. Natarajan, R. L. Sutherland, P. Lloyd, T. J. Bunning, and R. A. Vaia, "Dynamic Lasing from All-Organic Two-Dimensional Photonic Crystal," Adv. Mater 17, 2807-2811 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Appl. Phys. Lett. (3)

S. L. McCall, A. F. J. Levi, R. E. Slusher, S. J. Pearton, and R. A. Logan, "Whispering-gallery mode microdisk lasers," Appl. Phys. Lett. 60, 289-291 (1992).
[CrossRef]

D. Braun and A. J. Heeger, "Visible light emission from semiconducting polymer diodes," Appl. Phys. Lett. 58, 1982-1984 (1991).
[CrossRef]

S. Riechel, C. Kallinger, U. Lemmer, and J. Feldmann, "A nearly diffraction limited surface emitting conjugated polymer laser utilizing a two-dimensional photonic band structure," Appl. Phys. Lett. 77, 2310-2312 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Elect. Lett. (2)

S. M. K. Thiyagarajan, A. F. J. Levi, C. K. Lin, I. Kim, P. D. Dapkus, and S. J. Pearton, "Continuous room-temperature operation of optically pumped InGaAs/InGaAsP microdisk lasers," Elect. Lett. 34, 2333-2334 (1998).
[CrossRef]

S. Seassal, P. Rojo-Romeo, X. Letartre, P. Viktorovitch, G. Hollinger, E. Jalaguier, S. Pocas, and B. Aspar, "InP microdisk lasers on silicon wafer: CW room temperature operation at 1.6μm," Elect. Lett. 37, 222-223 (2001).
[CrossRef]

IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. (1)

M. Fujita, A. Sakai, and T. Baba, "Ultrasmall and Ultralow Threshold GaInAsP-InP Microdisk Injection Lasers: Design, Fabrication, Lasing Characteristics, and Spontaneous Emission Factor," IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 5, 673-681 (1999).
[CrossRef]

IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. (4)

D. S. Song, J. K. Hwang, C. K. Kim, I. Y. Han, D. H. Tang, and Y. H. Lee, "InGaAsP Microdisk Lasers on AlxOy," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 12, 954-956 (2000).
[CrossRef]

S. J. Choi, K. Djordjev, S. J. Choi, and P. D. Dapkus, "Microdisk Lasers Vertically Coupled to Output Waveguides," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 15, 1330-1332 (2003).
[CrossRef]

S. T. Chu, B. E. Little, W. Pan, T. Kaneko, S. Sato, and Y. Kokubun, "An Eight-Channel Add-Drop Filter using Vertically Coupled Microring Resonators over a Cross Grid," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 11, 691-693 (1999).
[CrossRef]

S. J. Choi, Z. Peng, Q. Yang, S. J. Choi, and P. D. Dapkus, "An Eight-Channel Demultiplexing Switch Array using Vertically Coupled Active Semiconductor Microdisk Resonators," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 16, 2517-2519 (2004).
[CrossRef]

IEEE Sensors J. (1)

B. Bhola and W. H. Steier, "A Novel Optical Microring Resonator Accelerometer," IEEE Sensors J. 7, 1759-1766 (2007).
[CrossRef]

J. Lightwave Technol. (2)

K. Djordjev, S.-J. Choi, S.-J. Choi, and P. D. Dapkus, "Active Semiconductor Microdisk Devices," J. Lightwave Technol. 20, 105-113 (2002).
[CrossRef]

B. E. Little, S. T. Chu, H. A. Haus, J. S. Foersi, and J. P. Lain, "Microring Resonator Channel Dropping Filters," J. Lightwave Technol. 15, 998-1005 (1997).
[CrossRef]

J. Vac. Sci. Technol. B (1)

T. Yang, L. Lu, M.-H. Shih, and J. D. O’Brien, "Room temperature InGaSb quantum well microcylinder lasers at 2 μm grown monolithically on a silicon substrate," J. Vac. Sci. Technol. B 25, 1622-1625 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Jpn. J. Appl. Phys. (1)

R. Ushigome, M. Fujita, A. Sakai, T. Baba, and Y. Kokubun, "GaInAsP Microdisk Injection Laser with Benzocyclobutene Polymer Cladding and Its Athermal Effect," Jpn. J. Appl. Phys. 41, 6364-6369 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Nat. Photonics (1)

A. C. Tamboli, E. D. Haberer, R. Sharma, K. H. Lee, S. Nakamura, and E. L. Hu, "Room-temperature continuous-wave lasing in GaN/InGaN microdisks," Nat. Photonics 1, 61-64 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Nature (1)

J. H.  Burroughes, D. D. C.  Bradley, A. R.  Brown, R. N.  Marks, K.  Mackay, R. H.  Friend, P. L.  Burns, and A. B.  Holmes, "Light-emitting diodes based on conjugated polymers," Nature 347, 539-541 (1990).
[CrossRef]

Nature (London) (1)

Q. F. Xu, B. Schmidt, S. Pradhan, and M. Lipson, "Micrometre-scale silicon electro-optic modulator," Nature (London) 435, 325-327 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Opt. Express (2)

Opt. Lett. (1)

Science (2)

Y. Shi, C. Zhang, H. Zhang, J. H. Bechtel, L. R. Dalton, B. H. Robinson, and W. H. Steier, "Low (Sub-1-Volt) Halfwave Voltage Polymeric Electro-optic Modulators Achieved by Controlling Chromophore Shape," Science 288, 119-122 (2000).
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M. Lee, H. E. Katz, C. Erben, D. M. Gill, P. Gopalan, J. D. Heber, and D. J. McGee, "Broadband Modulation of Light by using an Electro-Optic Polymer," Science 298, 1401-1403 (2002).
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O. L. J. Pursiainen and J. J. Baumberg, "Compact strain-sensitive flexible photonic crystal for sensors," Appl. Phys. Lett. 87, 101902-1-3 (2005).
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S. Sahni, E. Yablonovitch, D. A. Buell, and L. A. Coldren, "Optically Pumped Silicon Laser based on Evanescent Coupling of Si Micro-Disk to III-V DBR Stack," Conference on Lasers and Electro-Optics Quantum Electronics and Laser Science Conference (CLEO/QELS), CMBB2, (2006).
[CrossRef]

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Figures (7)

Fig. 1.
Fig. 1.

The illustration of an InGaAsP microdisk cavity on a PDMS substrate from (a) angle-view and (b) cross-section view.

Fig. 2.
Fig. 2.

(a). A SEM image of an array of fabricated disks on the PDMS substrate with varied diameters of 1.80, 2.85, 3.80 and 4.75 μm. (b) The magnified SEM image of a microdisk laser with 4.75 μm diameter.

Fig. 3.
Fig. 3.

(a). The lasing spectrum from a mcrodisk laser with 4.75μm diameter. The lasing wavelength is 1577.6 nm. (b). The light-in-light-out (L-L) curve of this microdisk laser. The incident threshold power is approximately 0.55 mW.

Fig. 4.
Fig. 4.

(a). Comparison of FDTD simulation and measurement. The Red curve is simulated spectrum from FDTD simulation, and the blue curve is the measured spectrum for a 4.75μm microdisk laser. (b) The top view of Hz mode profile for a 4.75μm microdisk cavity at 1580.1 nm from the FDTD simulation. (b) The cross-section view of the calculated Hz profile around the edge of a microdisk cavity.

Fig. 5.
Fig. 5.

The illustration of a bent microdisk cavity, and the R is the radius of the curve of the cavity surface.

Fig. 6.
Fig. 6.

The measured lasing power of a 4.75μm disk at different bending curvatures.

Fig. 7.
Fig. 7.

The L-L curve comparison of a 4.75 μm microdisk laser before and after bending.

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