Abstract

A novel WDM-PON system delivering bidirectional baseband data and broadcasting data is proposed and demonstrated. A subcarrier multiplexing signal is broadcasted to all users by modulating a broadband optical source based on a Fabry-Pérot laser diode. Reflective semiconductor optical amplifiers are used as colorless modulators for the baseband data at both optical line terminal and remote optical network units. Transmission performance including bit error rate of bidirectional gigabit data and error vector magnitude of broadcasting data of many optical channels is investigated. Additionally, the data rate for the broadcasting signal was improved by using an external modulator.

© 2009 OSA

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  1. N. J. Frigo, P. P. Iannone, P. D. Magill, T. E. Darcie, M. M. Downs, B. N. Desai, U. Koren, T. L. Koch, C. Dragone, H. M. Presby, and G. E. Bodeep, “A wavelength-division multiplexed passive optical network with cost-shared components,” J. Lightwave Technol. 6, 1365–1367 (1994).
  2. S. L. Woodward, P. P. Iannone, K. C. Reichmann, and N. J. Frigo, “A spectrally sliced PON employing Fabry-Perot lasers,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 10(9), 1337–1339 (1998).
    [CrossRef]
  3. Y. C. Chung, “Challenges toward practical WDM PON,” in Proceedings of Optoelectronics and Communications Conf. (OECC2006), Paper 6C4–1, (2006).
  4. Z. Xu, Y. J. Wen, W. D. Zhong, C. J. Chae, X. F. Cheng, Y. Wang, C. Lu, and J. Shankar, “High-speed WDM-PON using CW injection-locked Fabry-Pérot laser diodes,” Opt. Express 15(6), 2953–2962 (2007).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  5. J. H. Moon, K. M. Choi and C. H. Lee, “Overlay of broadcasting signal in a WDM-PON,” in Tech. Dig. Optical Fiber Communications Conf. (OFC2006), Paper OThK8, (2006).
  6. H. C. Kwon, Y. Y. Won, and S. K. Han, “Noise suppressed Fabry-Perot laser diode with gain-saturated semiconductor optical amplifier for hybrid WDM/SCM-PON link,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 18(4), 640–642 (2006).
    [CrossRef]
  7. J. Cho, J. Kim, D. Gutierrez and L. G. Kazovsky, “Broadcast transmission in WDM-PON using a broadband light source,” in Tech. Dig. Optical Fiber Communications Conf. (OFC2006), Paper OWS7, (2006).
  8. J. M. Kang, S. H. Lee, H. C. Kwon, and S. K. Han, “WDM-PON with broadcasting function using direct ASE modulation of reflective SOA,” in Tech. Dig. Optical Fiber Communications Conf. (OFC2006), Paper P.160, (2006).
  9. T. Y. Kim and S. K. Han, “Reflective SOA-based bidirectional WDM-PON sharing optical source for up/downlink data and broadcasting transmission,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 18(22), 2350–2352 (2006).
    [CrossRef]
  10. H. C. Ji, I. Yamashita, and K. I. Kitayama, “Cost-effective colorless WDM-PON delivering up/down-stream data and broadcast services on a single wavelength using mutually injected Fabry-Perot laser diodes,” Opt. Express 16(7), 4520–4528 (2008).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  11. H. Takesue and T. Sugie, “Wavelength channel data rewrite using saturated SOA modulator for WDM metworks with centralized light source,” J. Lightwave Technol. 21(11), 2546–2556 (2003).
    [CrossRef]
  12. J. J. Koponen and M. J. Soderlund, “A duplex WDM passive optical network with 1:16 power split using reflective SOA,” in Tech. Dig. Optical Fiber Communications Conf. (OFC2004) 1, 23–27 (2004).
  13. K. Sato and H. Toba, “Reduction of mode partition noise by using semiconductor optical amplifiers,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 7(2), 328–333 (2001).
    [CrossRef]
  14. T. T. Pham, H. S. Kim, Y. Y. Won, and S. K. Han, “Bidirectional 1.25-Gbps wired/wireless optical transmission based on single sideband carriers in Fabry-Perot laser diode by multi-mode injection locking,” J. Lightwave Technol. 27(13), 2457–2464 (2009).
    [CrossRef]
  15. H. S. Kim, T. T. Pham, Y. Y. Won, and S. K. Han, “Simultaneous wired and wireless 1.25-Gb/s bidirectional WDM-RoF transmission using multi optical carrier Suppression in FP LD,” J. Lightwave Technol. (to be published).
  16. H. C. Kwon, Y. Y. Won, and S. K. Han, “Noise suppressed Fabry-Perot laser diode with gain-saturated semiconductor optical amplifier for hybrid WDM/SCM-PON link,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 18(4), 640–642 (2006).
    [CrossRef]
  17. D. H. Jeon, H. D. Jung, and S. K. Han, “Mitigation of Dispersion-Induced Effects Using SOA in Analog Optical Transmission,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 14(8), 1166–1168 (2002).
    [CrossRef]

2009

2008

2007

2006

H. C. Kwon, Y. Y. Won, and S. K. Han, “Noise suppressed Fabry-Perot laser diode with gain-saturated semiconductor optical amplifier for hybrid WDM/SCM-PON link,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 18(4), 640–642 (2006).
[CrossRef]

T. Y. Kim and S. K. Han, “Reflective SOA-based bidirectional WDM-PON sharing optical source for up/downlink data and broadcasting transmission,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 18(22), 2350–2352 (2006).
[CrossRef]

H. C. Kwon, Y. Y. Won, and S. K. Han, “Noise suppressed Fabry-Perot laser diode with gain-saturated semiconductor optical amplifier for hybrid WDM/SCM-PON link,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 18(4), 640–642 (2006).
[CrossRef]

2003

2002

D. H. Jeon, H. D. Jung, and S. K. Han, “Mitigation of Dispersion-Induced Effects Using SOA in Analog Optical Transmission,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 14(8), 1166–1168 (2002).
[CrossRef]

2001

K. Sato and H. Toba, “Reduction of mode partition noise by using semiconductor optical amplifiers,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 7(2), 328–333 (2001).
[CrossRef]

1998

S. L. Woodward, P. P. Iannone, K. C. Reichmann, and N. J. Frigo, “A spectrally sliced PON employing Fabry-Perot lasers,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 10(9), 1337–1339 (1998).
[CrossRef]

1994

N. J. Frigo, P. P. Iannone, P. D. Magill, T. E. Darcie, M. M. Downs, B. N. Desai, U. Koren, T. L. Koch, C. Dragone, H. M. Presby, and G. E. Bodeep, “A wavelength-division multiplexed passive optical network with cost-shared components,” J. Lightwave Technol. 6, 1365–1367 (1994).

Bodeep, G. E.

N. J. Frigo, P. P. Iannone, P. D. Magill, T. E. Darcie, M. M. Downs, B. N. Desai, U. Koren, T. L. Koch, C. Dragone, H. M. Presby, and G. E. Bodeep, “A wavelength-division multiplexed passive optical network with cost-shared components,” J. Lightwave Technol. 6, 1365–1367 (1994).

Chae, C. J.

Cheng, X. F.

Darcie, T. E.

N. J. Frigo, P. P. Iannone, P. D. Magill, T. E. Darcie, M. M. Downs, B. N. Desai, U. Koren, T. L. Koch, C. Dragone, H. M. Presby, and G. E. Bodeep, “A wavelength-division multiplexed passive optical network with cost-shared components,” J. Lightwave Technol. 6, 1365–1367 (1994).

Desai, B. N.

N. J. Frigo, P. P. Iannone, P. D. Magill, T. E. Darcie, M. M. Downs, B. N. Desai, U. Koren, T. L. Koch, C. Dragone, H. M. Presby, and G. E. Bodeep, “A wavelength-division multiplexed passive optical network with cost-shared components,” J. Lightwave Technol. 6, 1365–1367 (1994).

Downs, M. M.

N. J. Frigo, P. P. Iannone, P. D. Magill, T. E. Darcie, M. M. Downs, B. N. Desai, U. Koren, T. L. Koch, C. Dragone, H. M. Presby, and G. E. Bodeep, “A wavelength-division multiplexed passive optical network with cost-shared components,” J. Lightwave Technol. 6, 1365–1367 (1994).

Dragone, C.

N. J. Frigo, P. P. Iannone, P. D. Magill, T. E. Darcie, M. M. Downs, B. N. Desai, U. Koren, T. L. Koch, C. Dragone, H. M. Presby, and G. E. Bodeep, “A wavelength-division multiplexed passive optical network with cost-shared components,” J. Lightwave Technol. 6, 1365–1367 (1994).

Frigo, N. J.

S. L. Woodward, P. P. Iannone, K. C. Reichmann, and N. J. Frigo, “A spectrally sliced PON employing Fabry-Perot lasers,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 10(9), 1337–1339 (1998).
[CrossRef]

N. J. Frigo, P. P. Iannone, P. D. Magill, T. E. Darcie, M. M. Downs, B. N. Desai, U. Koren, T. L. Koch, C. Dragone, H. M. Presby, and G. E. Bodeep, “A wavelength-division multiplexed passive optical network with cost-shared components,” J. Lightwave Technol. 6, 1365–1367 (1994).

Han, S. K.

T. T. Pham, H. S. Kim, Y. Y. Won, and S. K. Han, “Bidirectional 1.25-Gbps wired/wireless optical transmission based on single sideband carriers in Fabry-Perot laser diode by multi-mode injection locking,” J. Lightwave Technol. 27(13), 2457–2464 (2009).
[CrossRef]

H. C. Kwon, Y. Y. Won, and S. K. Han, “Noise suppressed Fabry-Perot laser diode with gain-saturated semiconductor optical amplifier for hybrid WDM/SCM-PON link,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 18(4), 640–642 (2006).
[CrossRef]

H. C. Kwon, Y. Y. Won, and S. K. Han, “Noise suppressed Fabry-Perot laser diode with gain-saturated semiconductor optical amplifier for hybrid WDM/SCM-PON link,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 18(4), 640–642 (2006).
[CrossRef]

T. Y. Kim and S. K. Han, “Reflective SOA-based bidirectional WDM-PON sharing optical source for up/downlink data and broadcasting transmission,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 18(22), 2350–2352 (2006).
[CrossRef]

D. H. Jeon, H. D. Jung, and S. K. Han, “Mitigation of Dispersion-Induced Effects Using SOA in Analog Optical Transmission,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 14(8), 1166–1168 (2002).
[CrossRef]

H. S. Kim, T. T. Pham, Y. Y. Won, and S. K. Han, “Simultaneous wired and wireless 1.25-Gb/s bidirectional WDM-RoF transmission using multi optical carrier Suppression in FP LD,” J. Lightwave Technol. (to be published).

Iannone, P. P.

S. L. Woodward, P. P. Iannone, K. C. Reichmann, and N. J. Frigo, “A spectrally sliced PON employing Fabry-Perot lasers,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 10(9), 1337–1339 (1998).
[CrossRef]

N. J. Frigo, P. P. Iannone, P. D. Magill, T. E. Darcie, M. M. Downs, B. N. Desai, U. Koren, T. L. Koch, C. Dragone, H. M. Presby, and G. E. Bodeep, “A wavelength-division multiplexed passive optical network with cost-shared components,” J. Lightwave Technol. 6, 1365–1367 (1994).

Jeon, D. H.

D. H. Jeon, H. D. Jung, and S. K. Han, “Mitigation of Dispersion-Induced Effects Using SOA in Analog Optical Transmission,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 14(8), 1166–1168 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Ji, H. C.

Jung, H. D.

D. H. Jeon, H. D. Jung, and S. K. Han, “Mitigation of Dispersion-Induced Effects Using SOA in Analog Optical Transmission,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 14(8), 1166–1168 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Kim, H. S.

T. T. Pham, H. S. Kim, Y. Y. Won, and S. K. Han, “Bidirectional 1.25-Gbps wired/wireless optical transmission based on single sideband carriers in Fabry-Perot laser diode by multi-mode injection locking,” J. Lightwave Technol. 27(13), 2457–2464 (2009).
[CrossRef]

H. S. Kim, T. T. Pham, Y. Y. Won, and S. K. Han, “Simultaneous wired and wireless 1.25-Gb/s bidirectional WDM-RoF transmission using multi optical carrier Suppression in FP LD,” J. Lightwave Technol. (to be published).

Kim, T. Y.

T. Y. Kim and S. K. Han, “Reflective SOA-based bidirectional WDM-PON sharing optical source for up/downlink data and broadcasting transmission,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 18(22), 2350–2352 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Kitayama, K. I.

Koch, T. L.

N. J. Frigo, P. P. Iannone, P. D. Magill, T. E. Darcie, M. M. Downs, B. N. Desai, U. Koren, T. L. Koch, C. Dragone, H. M. Presby, and G. E. Bodeep, “A wavelength-division multiplexed passive optical network with cost-shared components,” J. Lightwave Technol. 6, 1365–1367 (1994).

Koren, U.

N. J. Frigo, P. P. Iannone, P. D. Magill, T. E. Darcie, M. M. Downs, B. N. Desai, U. Koren, T. L. Koch, C. Dragone, H. M. Presby, and G. E. Bodeep, “A wavelength-division multiplexed passive optical network with cost-shared components,” J. Lightwave Technol. 6, 1365–1367 (1994).

Kwon, H. C.

H. C. Kwon, Y. Y. Won, and S. K. Han, “Noise suppressed Fabry-Perot laser diode with gain-saturated semiconductor optical amplifier for hybrid WDM/SCM-PON link,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 18(4), 640–642 (2006).
[CrossRef]

H. C. Kwon, Y. Y. Won, and S. K. Han, “Noise suppressed Fabry-Perot laser diode with gain-saturated semiconductor optical amplifier for hybrid WDM/SCM-PON link,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 18(4), 640–642 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Lu, C.

Magill, P. D.

N. J. Frigo, P. P. Iannone, P. D. Magill, T. E. Darcie, M. M. Downs, B. N. Desai, U. Koren, T. L. Koch, C. Dragone, H. M. Presby, and G. E. Bodeep, “A wavelength-division multiplexed passive optical network with cost-shared components,” J. Lightwave Technol. 6, 1365–1367 (1994).

Pham, T. T.

T. T. Pham, H. S. Kim, Y. Y. Won, and S. K. Han, “Bidirectional 1.25-Gbps wired/wireless optical transmission based on single sideband carriers in Fabry-Perot laser diode by multi-mode injection locking,” J. Lightwave Technol. 27(13), 2457–2464 (2009).
[CrossRef]

H. S. Kim, T. T. Pham, Y. Y. Won, and S. K. Han, “Simultaneous wired and wireless 1.25-Gb/s bidirectional WDM-RoF transmission using multi optical carrier Suppression in FP LD,” J. Lightwave Technol. (to be published).

Presby, H. M.

N. J. Frigo, P. P. Iannone, P. D. Magill, T. E. Darcie, M. M. Downs, B. N. Desai, U. Koren, T. L. Koch, C. Dragone, H. M. Presby, and G. E. Bodeep, “A wavelength-division multiplexed passive optical network with cost-shared components,” J. Lightwave Technol. 6, 1365–1367 (1994).

Reichmann, K. C.

S. L. Woodward, P. P. Iannone, K. C. Reichmann, and N. J. Frigo, “A spectrally sliced PON employing Fabry-Perot lasers,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 10(9), 1337–1339 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Sato, K.

K. Sato and H. Toba, “Reduction of mode partition noise by using semiconductor optical amplifiers,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 7(2), 328–333 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Shankar, J.

Sugie, T.

Takesue, H.

Toba, H.

K. Sato and H. Toba, “Reduction of mode partition noise by using semiconductor optical amplifiers,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 7(2), 328–333 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Wang, Y.

Wen, Y. J.

Won, Y. Y.

T. T. Pham, H. S. Kim, Y. Y. Won, and S. K. Han, “Bidirectional 1.25-Gbps wired/wireless optical transmission based on single sideband carriers in Fabry-Perot laser diode by multi-mode injection locking,” J. Lightwave Technol. 27(13), 2457–2464 (2009).
[CrossRef]

H. C. Kwon, Y. Y. Won, and S. K. Han, “Noise suppressed Fabry-Perot laser diode with gain-saturated semiconductor optical amplifier for hybrid WDM/SCM-PON link,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 18(4), 640–642 (2006).
[CrossRef]

H. C. Kwon, Y. Y. Won, and S. K. Han, “Noise suppressed Fabry-Perot laser diode with gain-saturated semiconductor optical amplifier for hybrid WDM/SCM-PON link,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 18(4), 640–642 (2006).
[CrossRef]

H. S. Kim, T. T. Pham, Y. Y. Won, and S. K. Han, “Simultaneous wired and wireless 1.25-Gb/s bidirectional WDM-RoF transmission using multi optical carrier Suppression in FP LD,” J. Lightwave Technol. (to be published).

Woodward, S. L.

S. L. Woodward, P. P. Iannone, K. C. Reichmann, and N. J. Frigo, “A spectrally sliced PON employing Fabry-Perot lasers,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 10(9), 1337–1339 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Xu, Z.

Yamashita, I.

Zhong, W. D.

IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron.

K. Sato and H. Toba, “Reduction of mode partition noise by using semiconductor optical amplifiers,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 7(2), 328–333 (2001).
[CrossRef]

IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett.

H. C. Kwon, Y. Y. Won, and S. K. Han, “Noise suppressed Fabry-Perot laser diode with gain-saturated semiconductor optical amplifier for hybrid WDM/SCM-PON link,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 18(4), 640–642 (2006).
[CrossRef]

D. H. Jeon, H. D. Jung, and S. K. Han, “Mitigation of Dispersion-Induced Effects Using SOA in Analog Optical Transmission,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 14(8), 1166–1168 (2002).
[CrossRef]

S. L. Woodward, P. P. Iannone, K. C. Reichmann, and N. J. Frigo, “A spectrally sliced PON employing Fabry-Perot lasers,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 10(9), 1337–1339 (1998).
[CrossRef]

H. C. Kwon, Y. Y. Won, and S. K. Han, “Noise suppressed Fabry-Perot laser diode with gain-saturated semiconductor optical amplifier for hybrid WDM/SCM-PON link,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 18(4), 640–642 (2006).
[CrossRef]

T. Y. Kim and S. K. Han, “Reflective SOA-based bidirectional WDM-PON sharing optical source for up/downlink data and broadcasting transmission,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 18(22), 2350–2352 (2006).
[CrossRef]

J. Lightwave Technol.

N. J. Frigo, P. P. Iannone, P. D. Magill, T. E. Darcie, M. M. Downs, B. N. Desai, U. Koren, T. L. Koch, C. Dragone, H. M. Presby, and G. E. Bodeep, “A wavelength-division multiplexed passive optical network with cost-shared components,” J. Lightwave Technol. 6, 1365–1367 (1994).

T. T. Pham, H. S. Kim, Y. Y. Won, and S. K. Han, “Bidirectional 1.25-Gbps wired/wireless optical transmission based on single sideband carriers in Fabry-Perot laser diode by multi-mode injection locking,” J. Lightwave Technol. 27(13), 2457–2464 (2009).
[CrossRef]

H. S. Kim, T. T. Pham, Y. Y. Won, and S. K. Han, “Simultaneous wired and wireless 1.25-Gb/s bidirectional WDM-RoF transmission using multi optical carrier Suppression in FP LD,” J. Lightwave Technol. (to be published).

H. Takesue and T. Sugie, “Wavelength channel data rewrite using saturated SOA modulator for WDM metworks with centralized light source,” J. Lightwave Technol. 21(11), 2546–2556 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Opt. Express

Other

J. H. Moon, K. M. Choi and C. H. Lee, “Overlay of broadcasting signal in a WDM-PON,” in Tech. Dig. Optical Fiber Communications Conf. (OFC2006), Paper OThK8, (2006).

Y. C. Chung, “Challenges toward practical WDM PON,” in Proceedings of Optoelectronics and Communications Conf. (OECC2006), Paper 6C4–1, (2006).

J. Cho, J. Kim, D. Gutierrez and L. G. Kazovsky, “Broadcast transmission in WDM-PON using a broadband light source,” in Tech. Dig. Optical Fiber Communications Conf. (OFC2006), Paper OWS7, (2006).

J. M. Kang, S. H. Lee, H. C. Kwon, and S. K. Han, “WDM-PON with broadcasting function using direct ASE modulation of reflective SOA,” in Tech. Dig. Optical Fiber Communications Conf. (OFC2006), Paper P.160, (2006).

J. J. Koponen and M. J. Soderlund, “A duplex WDM passive optical network with 1:16 power split using reflective SOA,” in Tech. Dig. Optical Fiber Communications Conf. (OFC2004) 1, 23–27 (2004).

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Figures (9)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1

Schematic of the proposed scheme.

Fig. 2
Fig. 2

Experimental setup with direct modulation for the proposed scheme.

Fig. 3
Fig. 3

(a) Optical spectrum of the F-P LD and (b) optical power of all the sliced channels.

Fig. 4
Fig. 4

RF spectra at (a) full band and (b) 2.5GHz band after RSOA1.

Fig. 5
Fig. 5

Performance of SCM signal: (a) EVM curve, (b) EVM of all channels, (c) effect of ER of downlink baseband signal and (d) EVM at different subcarrier frequencies.

Fig. 6
Fig. 6

Performance of the baseband data (a) downlink and (b) uplink.

Fig. 7
Fig. 7

Power penalty caused by the baseband signal ifself.

Fig. 8
Fig. 8

Experimental setup using external modulator

Fig. 9
Fig. 9

The dependence of EVM on ER of downlink signal and number of broadcasting channel a) optical channel 9 and b) optical channel 1.

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